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ORGANIZATIONS OF NSTP GRADUATES  A flag worn out through wear and tear shall not 2.

A flag worn out through wear and tear shall not 2. Five days – span or completion of the first flag
be thrown away. It shall be solemnly burned to 3. Fernando Amorsolo – “The Making of the
Non-ROTC Components avoid misuse or desecration. The flag shall be Philippine Flag” by National Artist
- Shall belong to NATIONAL SERVICE RESERVE CORPS (NSRC) replaced immediately when it begins to show 4. Anthropomorphic Sun - flag with lips and eyes
signs of wear and tear. (The National Flag shall
- Issuing Agency on the Serial Number of CWTS / LTS graduate 5. Emilio Aguinaldo – designed the Philippine Flag
not be raised in inclement weather)
is the CHED (1897)
 The flag shall be raised at sunrise and lowered
at sunset. It shall be on the mast at the start of
ROTC Components
official’ office hours, shall remain flying
- Shall belong to CITIZEN ARMED FORCES (Standby Reserve BN Why Volunteer?
throughout the day.
& Ready Reserve BN)
 All government offices and educational
- Issuing Agency on the Serial Number of ROTC graduate is the institutions shall henceforth observe the flag-  Learn or develop a new skill
AFP (Armed Forces of the Philippines) raising ceremony every Monday morning and  Be part of your community
the flag lowering ceremony every Friday  Sense of achievement
CERTIFICATE OF COMPLETION afternoon. The ceremony shall be simple and  Boost your career options
dignified and shall include the playing or  Give something back
Certificate of completion with corresponding serial number singing of the Philippine National Anthem.  New interests and hobbies
issued by CHED, TESDA, and DND, shall be awarded to students  The observance of the flag ceremony in official  New experiences
or civic gatherings shall be simple and dignified
who have successfully complied with the program requirements.  Meeting a diverse range of people
and shall include the playing or singing of the
 Send a signal to your future employer
anthem in its original Filipino lyrics and march
FLAG AND HERALDIC CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES  Impress your friends and family…
 Have fun
 The flag shall be flown at half-mast as a sign of
1. “Military” shall mean all branches of the Armed
mourning on all buildings and places where it is
Forces of the Philippines including the Philippine displayed, as provided for in this Act, on the day The Multi – Sectoral Advisory Body (MSAB)
National Police, the Bureau of Jail Management of official announcement of the death of any of The Multi-Sectoral Advisory Body (MSAB) serves as the advocate
and Penology, and the Bureau of Fire the following officials: and accountability partner of the Philippine Army in its
Protection. 1. The President or a former President, for transformation in becoming a source of national pride. Assist in

2. “Festoon” shall mean to hang in a curved shape ten (10) days; the formulation of policies, plans, and programs pertaining to

2. The Vice-President, the Chief Justice, volunteer services, It shall be reconstituted with the following
between two points as a decoration.
the President of the Senate, and the members:
3. “Fly” shall mean the part of the flag outside the
hoist or length. Speaker of the House of
Representatives, for seven (7) days; and
4. “Half-Mast” shall mean lowering the flag to one- a) National Economic and Development Authority
3. Other persons to be determined by the
half the distance between the top and bottom (NEDA)
Institute, for any period less than seven
of the staff. b) Department of Education (DepEd)
(7) days.
5. “Hoist” shall mean the part of the flag nearest c) Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)
the staff or the canvass to which the halyard is d) Department of Justice (DOJ)
 The flag may be used to cover the caskets of
attached. the honored dead of the military, veterans of e) The Department of the Interior and Local
6. “Inclement Weather” shall mean that a typhoon previous wars, national artists, and of civilians Government (DILG)
signal is raised in the locality. who have rendered distinguished service to the f) The Department of Social Welfare and Development
7. “National Anthem” shall mean the Philippine nation, as maybe determined by the local (DSWD)
National Anthem. government unit concerned. In such cases, the g) The Commission on Higher Education (CHED)
8. “Official Residences” shall mean Malacañang, flag shall be placed such that the white triangle h) The Presidential Management Staff (PMS), Office of
and other government-owned structures where shall be at the head and the blue portion shall the President
cover the right side of the caskets. The flag shall
the President resides, and other structures i) The Representative/s from the corporate sector
not be lowered to the grave or allowed to touch
occupied by the Philippine Consulate or j) The Representative/s from the private academe
the ground, but shall be folded solemnly and
Embassies abroad. sector; and
handed over to the heirs of the deceased.
9. “Places of Frivolty” shall mean places of hilarity k) The Representatives/s from the non-profit sector.
 When the National Anthem is played at a public
marked by or providing boisterous merriment
gathering, whether by a band or by singing or
or recreation. both, or reproduced by any means, the Functions of the Multi-Sectoral Advisory Body (MSAB)
10. “Halyard” (or Halliard) is a rope used to hoist attending public shall sing the anthem. The
and lower the Flag. singing must be done with fervor. As a sign of a) Provide advice in the formulation of policies and
respect, all persons shall stand at attention and guidelines for the national volunteer service program
 The flag shall be displayed in all public face the Philippine flag, if there is one displayed, b) Provide consultative and technical advisory services
buildings, official residences, public plazas, and and if there is none, they shall face the band or on volunteer matters
institutions of learning everyday throughout the the conductor. At the first note, all persons shall c) Serve as a forum to enhance and strengthen linkages
year. (Shall be properly illuminated at night.) execute a salute by placing their right palms
between and among volunteer groups and
over their left chests. Those in military, scouting,
1. Malacanang Palace; citizen’s military training and security guard
2. The Congress of the Philippines uniforms shall give the salute prescribed by their
“All people in the world should have the right to freely offer their
building; regulations. The salute shall be completed upon
time, talent and energy to others and their communities through
3. Supreme Court building the last note of the anthem.
individual and collective action, without expectation of financial
4. The Rizal Monument in Luneta, Manila  Any person or judicial entity which violates any
5. Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite of the provisions of this Act shall, upon reward.”

6. Barasoain Shrine in Malolos, Bulacan conviction, be punished by a fine of not less

7. The Tomb of the Unknown than Five thousand pesos (5,000.00) not more
Soldier, Libingan ng mga Bayan than Twenty thousand pesos (P20,000.00), or by
8. Mausuleo de los Beteranos dela imprisonment for not more than one (1) year, or
Revolucion both such fine and imprisonment, at the The Philippines, officially called the Republic of the Philippines, is
9. All International Ports of Entry discretion of the court: Provided, That for any an archipelago consists of more than 7,107 islands. The
10. All other places as maybe designated second and additional offenses, both fine and Philippines has a population of nearly 106 million people and it is
by the Institute. imprisonment shall always be the 12th largest country in the world. The Philippines has
imposed: Provided, That in case the violation a tropical climate dominated by a rainy season and a dry season.
 The flag shall also be displayed in private is commited by a juridical person, its President It is divided into three main geographic areas: the Luzon,
buildings and residences or raised in the open or Chief Executive Officer thereof shall be liable. Visayas, and Mindanao.
flag-staffs in front of said buildings every;
1. April 9 (Araw ngKagitingan);
Flag Raising-Lowering Central Luzon is a region in the island of Luzon covering a total
2. May 1 (Labor Day);
land area of 2,201,463 hectares. It comprises of seven provinces
3. May 28 (National Flag Day) to June
A. Color bearer - person who carries the Flag richly endowed with natural and human resources namely:
12 (Independence Day);
Color guards - the one who raise the Flag and Aurora, Bataan, Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac and
4. Last Sunday of August (National Heroes B.
tie the halyard around the flagpole Zambales. Central Luzon contains the largest plain in the country
with its agricultural plains accounting for about 40% of the
5. November 30 (Bonifacio Day);
region’s area. It produces most of the country's rice supply,
6. December 30 (Rizal Day); and Note: The Halyard must be tied to the flagpole by the
earning itself the nickname "Rice Bowl of the Philippines or Rice
7. On such other days as may be declared end of the Philippine National Anthem.
Granary of the Philippines".
by the President and/or local chief


1. Marcela Agoncillo – Sewed the first flag
o Secretary of the Department of Health Disaster Risk Reduction

o Secretary of the Department of Environment

and Natural Resources  It is a proactive approach to minimize

o Secretary of the Department of Agriculture

vulnerabilities and disaster risks to minimize loss
of life, livelihood and property.
o Secretary of the Department of Education
 DRR incorporates aspects of good governance,
o Secretary of the Department of Energy sustainable development, risk (natural; human;
and climate risks) assessments, knowledge and
o Secretary of the Department of Finance
education, risk management, vulnerability
o Secretary of the Department of Trade and reduction, disaster preparedness and response
Industry – guided by principles of human rights and
o Secretary of the Department of Transportation security, gender equity and equality, cultural
sensitivity and empowering participation.
o Secretary of the Department of Budget and

o Secretary of the Department of Public Works Disaster Types:

and Highways
Natural – These are primarily natural events.
o Secretary of the Department of Foreign Affairs

o Secretary of the Department of Justice  Earthquakes – refer to shaking of earth.

Destructive Earthquakes
o Secretary of the Department of Labor and
Employment Classifying an Earthquake
of the Philippines
o Secretary of the Department of Tourism
The impact of an earthquake (at any location) is
o The Executive Secretary; characterized by two primary characteristics:

o Secretary of the Office of the Presidential

Adviser on the Peace Process 1. Intensity – This measures the magnitude of the
o Chairman, Commission on Higher Education
2. Epicenter – This denotes the exact location,
o Chief of Staff, Armed Forces of the Philippines where the earthquake originated.
o Chief, Philippine National Police
Nature of Losses and Damages
o Commandant, Philippine Coast Guard

o The Press Secretary 1. Damage to Structures

Pacific Ring of Fire – earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic hazards o Secretary-General of the Philippine Red Cross 2. Sea Activity

Ring of Fire – is a major area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean

o Commissioner of the National Anti-Poverty
3. Landslide

Commission - Victims of Disasters and

where many earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occurs. Aftershocks – a smaller earthquake following the main
Calamities Sector
shock of a large earthquake.
o Chairperson, National Commission on the Role
The Philippines – a disaster risk epicenter. Millions of Filipinos are of Filipino Women
 Volcanoes – refer to eruption of hot molten lava
at risk.
o Chairman, Housing and Urban Development from below the surface of the earth. The area
Coordinating Council around Pacific Ocean is characterized by higher
Republic Act 10121, also known as the Philippines Disaster Risk o Executive-Director of the Climate Change volcanic activity. In fact, the entire rim along the
Reduction and Management (DRRM) Act of 2010, is an Act Office of the Climate Change Commission Pacific Ocean is called as the “Ring of Fire”,
focusing on the systematic process of using administrative
directives, organizations, and operational skills and capacities to
o President, Government Service Insurance because of volcanic activity along this zone.

implement strategies, policies and improved coping capacities in Some of the most damaging volcanic activities of the
order to lessen the adverse impacts of hazards and the o President, Social Security System
past have been:
possibility of disaster. (Approved on May 27, 2010; Effective on o President, Philippine Health Insurance
June 24, 2010) Corporation; 1. Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines (1991-1996)

o President of the Union of Local Authorities of 2. Rabaul in Papua New Guinea (1994)

Legal Mandates: the Philippines 3. Lake Nyos in Cameroon (1986)

4. Nevado del Ruiz in Columbia (1985)
o President of the League of Provinces in the
5. El Chichon in Mexico (1982)
1. PD 1566-Strengthens the Philippine Disaster Philippines

Control Capability. o President of the League of Municipalities in the

Volcanoes are classifies as:
2. DepEd Order 55, Series of 2007- Prioritizing the
o President of the League of Cities in the 1. “Active” volcanoes means those which are
Mainstreaming of the DRR in the School System. Philippines showing activity at this time.

3. DepEd Order 50, Series of 2011- Creation of

o President of the Liga ng Mga Barangay 2. “Dormant” volcanoes those which are not
showing any activity at this time, but, could
Disaster Risk Reduction Management Office. o Four representatives from the Civil Sector
show activity at any time.
3. “Extinct” volcanoes are those which were
4. DepEd Order 40, Series of 2012- Quarterly o One representative from the Private Sector
“active” at some time, but, have ceased volcanic
Conduct of National School Based Earthquake
and Fire Drills.
o Administrator of the Office of Civil Defense eruptions now.

 Floods – refer to huge amount of water

In February 2010, the National Disaster Coordinating Council
Philippine DRRM Milestones: reaching land in a short span of time, causing
(NDCC) was renamed, reorganized, and subsequently expanded.
The following heads of agencies compose the NDRRMC: land surface to be submerged under-water at
 1978 Presidential Decree 1566
 1991 Local Government Autonomy
 Chairperson - Secretary of Department of National
 2007 Adoption of the Cluster Approach
Some of the possible reasons for such huge discharge
Defense of water could be:
 2009 Climate Change Act
 Vice Chairperson for Disaster Preparedness - Secretary  2010 Disaster Risk Reduction and Management
1. Very heavy rainfall
of Department of Interior and Local Government Act
2. Breach in levy, dams etc.
 Vice Chairperson for Disaster Response - Secretary of 3. Very high tidal waves – also called tsunamis
 The Philippines ranks number one in the whole
Department of Social Welfare and Development
world in terms of number of reported disaster
 Vice Chairperson for Disaster Prevention and events within 2009.
 Tornadoes, Typhoons, Cyclones – these are

Mitigation - Secretary of the Department of Science and winds of high-speed, many times accompanied
 In 2009 the Philippines ranked second in terms
Technology by heavy rainfall.
of population affected by natural disasters and
 Fire – the phenomenon of combustion
 Vice Chairperson for Disaster Rehabilitation and third in the world in terms of number of people
manifested in light, flame, and heat.
Recovery - Director-General of the National Economic killed. (Source: CRED EM Data, Human Impact of
Development Authority Disasters, 2009).
Classes of Fire:

 Members:
CLASS A – fires that involves some solid materials like 2. Mitigation
clothers, paper, junk-heap, wood etc. 3. Preparedness
B. During the Disaster:
CLASS B – fires that involves liquid materials like petrol, 4. Emergency Reliefs and Response
gasoline, diesel, oil etc.

C. After the Disaster

CLASS C – fires that involve electrical elements
5. Recovery
6. Development
CLASS D – fires are those involve metals (magnesium,
Surviving a Disaster

Fire Fighting Strategies:

1. Always have a flashlight with you. Keep it where
you can easily get hold of it.
1. Smothering a fire
2. Have some candles or matches and lamps
2. Letting it die
3. Fire in pantry area-say oil/ghee on fire
3. Be ready with a First Aid Kit.
4. Class C fire
4. Make sure that all the members of the
household can easily gain access to all the
Man Made – caused due to certain human activities.
necessary kits in case of emergency.

 Terrorist Activities
Basic Disaster Supplies Kit
 Transport Failure
 Nuclear Leaks, etc.

 Water - one gallon of water per person per day

for at least three days, for drinking and
Disaster Relief and Rescue Operations

A disaster is an event, natural or manmade, sudden or  Food - at least a three-day supply of non-

progressive, that cause great damage, loss, or distress. It refers perishable food

to a situation that is associated with catastrophic events where a  Battery - powered or hand crank radio
number of persons are plunged with hardship and suffering. Flashlight

Definition of Terms:
 First aid kit (bandage, alcohol, betadine, scissor,
cotton, thermometer, etc.)

 Relief – refers to the process that alleviates the  Extra batteries

condition of those who are suffering from the  Whistle to signal for help
effects of a disaster/calamity and who, at that
particular time, are completely helpless.
 Dust mask to help filter contaminated air and
plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-
 Pollution – refers to any discharge of liquid,
solid substance or gases into land, soil, water,
atmosphere, air or space which are added to
 Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties
for personal sanitation
the ecosystem that has a detrimental or
injurious effect to human beings, animals,  Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
plants, nature’s environment and ecological
 Manual can opener for food
 Rehabilitation – refers to a restoration of a
 Local maps

person’s economic dependency to a stable  Cell phone with chargers and a backup battery

living either physically, economically, socially, or

The Role of the Youth during Natural Calamities and Man-Made
 Space debris – these are remains of artificial Disorder
satellites and other components as well as their
means of carriage aloft which fall back to earth.
1. Sorting, loading and distribution of relief goods.
 National Disaster Coordination Council – this is
2. Administering first aid treatment to victims.
the highest government body responsible in
3. Comforting and assisting in their rehabilitation.
advising the president of the country on the
4. Disseminating information to concerned
status of disaster preparedness program and
disaster relief and rehabilitation effort at the
5. Surveying of affected families and areas.
national level. 6. Monitoring and liaison work.
 Disaster Control – refers to acts of limiting the 7. Civic action activities like:
effects of disasters through the introduction of  Environmental and ecological
measures designed to prepare the inhabitants protection
before, during and after the disaster.  River and watershed control projects
 State of Calamity – a condition that is declared  Tree planting/forest fire control

by the president of the country in the event of a

widespread destruction to property and live due
to the forces of nature and emergencies.

General Effects of Disasters:

1. Loss of livelihood
2. Injury
3. Loss of life
4. Disruption of lifestyles
5. Disruption of essential services
6. Disruption of production
7. Disruption of governmental system
8. Damage to and destruction of property
9. Damage to and destruction of subsistence and
10. Damage to national infrastructure
11. National economic loss, and
12. Sociological and psychological after-effects

What are the components of Disaster Management?

A. Before the Disaster:

1. Prevention