ebook
5
NATIONAL SCIENCE OLYMPIAD
Years
(20132017)
Solved Papers
CLASS
6
Copyright © 2018 Science Olympiad Foundation. Printed with the permission of Science Olympiad Foundation. No part of this publication may be reproduced, transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright holder. Ownership of an ebook does not give the possessor the ebook copyright. All disputes subject to Delhi jurisdiction only.
Disclaimer : The information provided in this book is to give you the path to success but it does not guarantee 100% success as the strategy is completely dependent on its execution and, it is based on previous years' papers of NSO exam.
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For Classes 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 & 12
Class
Class
2018
JEE (Main & Advanced)  NEET  BOARDS  OLYMPIAD  NTSE
FOUNDATION COURSE
For Classes 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10
Class 6
Class 7
Class 8
Class 9
Class 10
2018
Class 6
Set A
2018
Mental ability
1. Which of the following statements is false?
A. If a number is divisible by 2 and 3 both, then it is divisible by 6 also.
B. A number with 3 or more digits is divisible by 4 if the number formed by its last two digits (i.e., ones & tens) is divisible by 4.
C. If the sum of the digits of a number is divisible by 9, then the number itself is divisible by 9.
D. If a number is divisible by 1 and 3 both, then it is not divisible by 6.
2. Which of the following is the missing number?
^{A}^{.} 
2

8
3

2
8

4
2

6
4

6
6

7
6

5
7

B. 
4


C. 
6

1

3

8

?

4

4

6

D. 
5

3. Which shaded part best illustrates P + Q ?
0 
P 
1 
Q 
2 

A. 



B. 




C. 


D. 


4. If all the vowels are removed from the series given below, which is the ninth to right of twelfth letter from right end?
Q E E E F E B U L A M C D I P Q O R R R A P P W I
A. R
B. W
C. I
D. P
5. Select the wrong step in the steps of solving the equation below.
If 3 – [1.6 – {3.2 – (3.2 + 2.25 ÷ x)}] = 0.65, then the value of x is
StepI : _{L}_{e}_{t} _{3} −
StepII :
3 −
1 . 6
16
−
_{3}_{2}
−−+
32
2 25
.
x
=
3 . 2
−
3 . 2
−
2
25
.
x
= 0 65
.
StepIII :
_{3}
−
_{1} _{6} +
.
2
.
x
25
=
0 65
.
StepIV : _{3}
−
.
_{1} _{6}
StepV :
^{2} ^{2}^{5} =
.
x
+
2 25
.
x
= 0 65
.
14
.
−
065
.
25
StepVI : x =
75
A. Only stepIV
B. Only stepII
C. Both stepI & IV
D. Only stepVI
= 3
2
.
0
.
0 . 65
.
6.
The greatest number which on dividing 1657 and 2037 leaves remainders 6 and 5 respectively, is
A. 123
B. 127
C. 235
D. 305
7.
Beena was facing the bookstore at the beginning.
She turned anticlockwise to face northwest. What
angle did she turn through?
A. 45º
B. 135º
C. 225º
D. 230º
North
Bookstore
8.
Which of the following statements is true (figures not drawn to scale) ?
A. Area (Rectangle P) > Area (Rectangle Q)
B. Area (Rectangle P) = Area (Rectangle Q)
C. Perimeter (Rectangle P) < Perimeter (Rectangle Q)
D. Perimeter (Rectangle P) = Perimeter (Rectangle Q)
2018
16th NSO  SET A
2
9. Ratio of the number of cubes in figure I to figure II is
A. 19 : 21
B. 19 : 23
C. 18 : 22
D. 19 : 22
13. Three friends played a game. Garima : My number is the least common multiple of second and third multiple of 3. Latika : My number is first odd prime number.
Rinki : My number is H.C.F of Latika's & Garima's
number.
What is the Rinki's number?
10. 
Which is the next figure? 



A. 
B. 


C. 
D. 


11. 
If represents the NATURAL NUMBERS, 


represents the WHOLE NUMBERS, represents the ZERO, represents the NEGATIVE NUMBERS, represents the INTEGERS, then which diagram best represents the number system. 

A. B. 


C. D. 


12. 
Which squares must be shaded so that the figure has dotted line as a line of symmetry? 

A. R and S 


B. Q and R 

C. P and Q 

D. S and Q 

16. 
A simple pendulum oscillates between point P and Q as shown in figure and its time period is T. If time taken to go from R to Q is t, which of the following relation is correct? 

A. t = T 

T 


B. t ^{=} 

2 

C. _{t} ^{=} T 4 


D. _{t} ^{=} T 


8 

17. 
Identify the symbols of electrical components used in the construction of the given circuit.
A. 
18 
B. 
6 
C. 
3 
D. 
1 
14. Find the value of P and Q respectively.
A. 5, 7
B. 7, 5
C. 4, 2
D. 2, 4
15. Which of the following options is the mirror image of figure (X)?
B.
D.
Z
Bulb
Cell
Switch
Bulb
Science
18. A circular disk with a stick moving about its axis through the centre is shown in the figure.
Which of the following type of motion is described by the stick?
A. Rotatory motion
B. Periodic motion
C. Rectilinear motion
D. Circular motion
2018
16th NSO  SET A
3
19. A small plotting compass is placed between two strong magnets. The tip of the arrow represents the Npole of the compass. What is the polarity of the end P of the right hand side magnet?
20. Which of the following statements are correct?
(i) 
Milky Way is a spiralshaped galaxy. 

(ii) 
Planet Venus has 63 Moons. 

(iii) 
Satellites are small heavenly bodies that revolve around the Sun. 

(iv) 
One revolution of the Earth is completed in 

about _{3}_{6}_{5} ^{1} 4 days. This time period is called a 

solar year. 

A. 
(i) and (iv) 
B. 
(ii) and (iii) 
C. 
(i) and (ii) 
D. 
(iii) and (iv) 
21. In case of three plane mirrors meeting at a point to form a corner of a cube, if incident light suffers one reflection on each other
A. The emergent ray is antiparallel to incident one
B. The emergent ray is perpendicular to incident one
C. The incident ray can not emerge
D. None of these
22. Amit rolled a small steel ball at edge A of the glass bowl as shown in the figure. Which of the following statement is true about the situation if there is no friction between the surfaces of the ball and the bowl?
A. 
The ball will roll out of the glass bowl near edge 

B. 

B. 
It 
will keep moving between point A and B and 
will never stop. 

C. 
It 
will not move at all since friction is required 
for movement. 

D. 
It 
will stop at centre point C. 
23. Which of the following statements is/are true?
(i) 
Moon is a luminous body. 
(ii) 
An object which does not emit light is called 
a nonluminous.
(iii) 
A ray of light is the path along which light travels. 
(iv) 
Translucent bodies do not form shadow. 
A. 
(ii) and (iii) 
B. 
(i) and (iv) 
C. 
(ii) and (iv) 
D. 
(i) and (iii) 
24. A small compass is placed beside the middle of a bar magnet.
In which direction will the compass needle point?
A. 

B. 

C. 

D. 

25. Kamya has a material X whose molecules are separated by large distances or spaces.
Nidhi has a material Y which takes the shape of its
container.
Gagan has a material Z which has no definite
volume.
Which of the three materials is/are in gaseous state?
A. X
B. Y
C. Both X and Y
D. Both X and Z
26. Identify X and Y in the given Venn diagram.
27. The diagrams below show the arrangement of molecules in three different states of matter.
I
II
III
If you could see the molecules in drinking water, which would they look like most?
A. I
B. II
C. III
D. All of the above
2018
16th NSO  SET A
4
28. 
Naina loves wood working. She spent time carving a statue, sanding it smooth and painting it. What type of changes occurred to the wood? 

A. Reversible change 

B. Irreversible change 

C. Undesirable change 

D. Periodic change 

29. 
Given figure shows various changes in the states of 

matter. 



Which of 
the following 
processes 
occur 
on 

cooling? 

A. 1 and R 

B. 2 and P 

C. 3 and P 

D. 2 and Q 

30. 
Observe the given figures carefully. 



Process X 
Process Y 

Identify X and Y respectively. 

A. Decantation, Sieving 

B. Sieving, Decantation 

C. Winnowing, Threshing 

D. Threshing, Winnowing 

31. 
When a block of ice is dropped gently into a glass of juice, the liquid level in the glass rises. We can conclude from this observation that the block of ice 

A. 
Occupies space 

B. 
Has a fixed mass 

C. 
Can be compressed 

D. 
Has a definite shape 

32. 
Which of the following is an example of reversible change? 
A. 
Dissolving salt in water for gargle. 
B. 
A glass falls from the table and shatters on the ground. 
C. 
Burning a piece of paper in fire. 
D. 
Baking a birthday cake for your mother. 
33. 
Refer the given three plants P, Q and R. 




P 
Q 
R 

Which of the following is a suitable statement for the given plants? 

A. P and R produce food, while Q does not 

B. P and Q produce oxygen, while R does not 

C. P is a shrub, Q is a herb, while R is a tree 

D. Leaves of P and Q show parallel venation, while that of R shows reticulate venation 

34. 
Which of the following shows the incorrect match of signs and symptoms of the respective diseases? 

Signs/Symptoms 
Diseases 

A. Stunted growth, weakness, mental retardation 
– 
Marasmus 

B. Pale skin, laziness, weakness 
– 
Anaemia 

C. Bleeding gums, wounds take time to heal 
– 
Scurvy 

D. Brittle bones, bow shaped legs in children 
– 
Rickets 

35. 



(a) 
(b) 

Which of the following statements is correct for the models shown in given figure? 

A. 'a' shows the functioning of hinge joint while 'b' shows the functioning of ball and socket joint. 

B. 'a' is present in shoulder, while 'b' is seen in elbow. 

C. 'a' shows the functioning of pivot joint, while 'b' shows the functioning of gliding joint. 

D. 'a' is present in forearm while 'b' is seen in neck. 

36. 
Which of the following statements is correct regarding atmosphere? 
A. Wind blows, clouds build up and weather changes take place in stratosphere.
B. The ozone layer, which acts as huge shield, protecting us from the harmful ultraviolet rays of the Sun lies in the thermosphere.
2018
16th NSO  SET A
5
C. Stratosphere is a clear, cloudless layer where the stars shine and aeroplanes fly.
D. Exosphere is very thin and very hot layer and has electrically charged particles which help radios to work.
37. 
Mr. Deepak wanted to boil some water. He took some water in an electronic kettle, plugged it and switched it on. After some time, the water began to boil and he heard the lid of the kettle rattling. Which of the following shows the most correct conversion of energy that has taken place? 

A. Electrical energy + Light energy → Sound energy 

+ 
Kinetic energy 

B. Electrical energy + Heat energy → Sound energy 

+ 
Kinetic energy 

C. Mechanical energy + Light energy → Sound energy 

+ 
Heat energy 

D. Mechanical energy + Electrical energy → Sound energy + Light energy 

38. 
The given graph shows the temperature of a beaker of water as it is subjected to variables treatments. 




Which of the following is correct for given graph? 

A. At point S, the amount of water will start decreasing. 

B. At point Q, water is freezing to form ice cubes. 

C. At point R, the water was changing into steam. 

D. At point P ice cubes were added to the beaker of water. 

39. 
Which of the following is an incorrect match? 

A. Dormant volcano – 
Mt Kea in Hawaiian Island 

B. Active Volcano 
– 
Mt Etna of Italy 

C. Extinct Volcano 
– 
Mt Popa in Myanmar 

D. Hurricane 
– 
Strong tropical storm called in Japan 

40. 

Which of the following statements is/are correct for the given figures?
(i) 
Both are light and reproduce by spores. 
(ii) 
Both are dispersed by wind. 
(iii) 
Both will grow to form flowering plants. 
(iv) 
Both have fine long hairs and wings around them. 
A. 
(i), (ii) and (iii) 
B. 
(ii) and (iii) 
C. 
(ii) only 
D. 
(i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) 
41.
Which of the following is correct for the part labelled X?
A. It cuts the food into smaller pieces.
B. It contracts and relaxes and mix the food with enzymes.
C. It helps to create an acidic medium for the gastric enzymes to act.
D. It contracts and relaxes to move food down the alimentary canal.
42.
The given food items shown in the figure are rich in nutrient X. Read the given statements regarding X.
(i) 
1 gram of X gives 4 calories of energy. 
(ii) 
It helps in protecting our body against diseases. 
(iii) 
Deficiency of X results in diseases such as kwashiorkor and marasmus. 
(iv) 
Test for X is done using Benedict's solution. 
Which of the above given statements are correct?
A. (i) and (iii)
B. (i), (iii) and (iv)
C. (ii) and (iii)
D. (i) and (ii)
2018
16th NSO  SET A
6
Ali took four beakers P, Q, R and S and poured equal amounts of water in each of them. He soaks samesized piece of fabrics of cotton, wool, silk and polyester in beakers P, Q, R and S respectively and kept them for five minutes. Now he removed all the fabric pieces from the beakers and measured the
(vi) They have eyes in front of their faces.
Select the option that correctly categorises the given adaptations for predator and prey animals.
Preys
Predators
A. (i), (ii), (vi) 
(iii), (iv), (v) 
B. (ii), (v) 
(i), (iii), (iv), (vi) 
C. (ii), (iv), (v) 
(i), (iii), (vi) 
D. (iii), (v), (vi) 
(i), (ii), (iv) 
45. The given figure shows a bone with a part labelled as 'X'. Select the correct statement regarding 'X'.
A. 
Blood cells are formed in 'X'. 
B. 
'X' is the flexible tissue in the hollow interior of bones. 
C. 
Leukemia is a type of cancer of the blood that generally starts in 'X'. 
D. 
All of the above. 
'X'
achieverS Section
amount of water left in each of the four beakers. Which of the following is the correct observation of Ali?
A. Maximum amount of water is left in beaker S, followed by beakers R, P and Q.
B. Minimum amount of water is left in beaker S, followed by beakers R, P and Q.
C. Maximum amount of water is left in beaker Q, followed by beakers P, R and S.
D. Minimum amount of water is left in beaker Q,
followed by beakers S, R and P.
49. Refer the given figure of different parts of a typical flower and select the correct statements regarding
it.
(i)
(ii)
(iii)
(iv)
Q
T
After pollination, 'S' swells up and changes into a fruit and 'R' changes into a seed.
'P' contains pollen grains.
The pollen grains are transferred from 'Q' to 'P' in self pollination.
'U' is brightly coloured and scented to attract insects that help in reproduction.
2018
16th NSO  SET A
7
(v) 
Different flowers have 'T' of different colours. 
(vi) 
'P', 'V' and 'S' form the innermost part of a flower called pistil. 
A. 
(i), (ii), (iv) and (vi) 
B. 
(i), (iii), (v) and (vi) 
C. 
(ii) and (v) 
D. 
(iii), (iv) and (vi) 
50. People living on plains when go to high mountain
regions, experiences breathless and nauseated. This happens because mountains at a high altitude has low level of oxygen in the atmosphere. Therefore, they have to breathe faster. After some days, they temporarily change to adjust to the new changed
conditions.
Read the given passage and answer the following
questions.
a. What name is given to such feature of organism to temporarily change to overcome changed conditions?
b. Select an another example of such feature. b
A. Adaptation
Thick layer of fur in polar bear
B. Acclimatization
Change in skin colour due to climate
C. Acclimatization
Bending of plants towards sunlight
D. Adaptation
a
Streamlined body of birds
SPace For roUGh WorK
2018
Class 6
Set B
2018
Mental ability
1. Arrange the given Roman Numerals in ascending
order.
LI, XCIX, XC, LXXII
A. LI, LXXII, XC, XCIX
B. LXXII, XC, XCIX, LI
C. XCIX, XC, LXXII, LI
D. XCIX, LXXII, XC, LI
2. Which of the following properties is INCORRECT?
A. 
The LCM of two coprimes is equal to their product. 
B. 
The HCF of two coprimes is not defined. 
C. 
The HCF of a group of numbers is always a factor of their LCM. 
D. 
The LCM of a group of numbers is not less than any of the given numbers. 
3. Find the missing number.
4. The given number line is represented by which of the following statements?
5. If all the squared numbers, and those numbers, the sum of whose digits is 9 from 4 to 64 are removed, then how many numbers will remain?
C.
10
– 2
D.
3
^{9}
10
7. Fill in the blanks with appropriate option.
Change the sign of each term of the expression to
be 
and 
it to the expression from 
which 
is to be made. 
A. Subtracted, add, addition
B. Subtracted, add, subtraction
C. Add, add, subtraction
D. Add, add, addition
8. X and Y both are kids of Z. If Z is the father of X but Y is not the son of Z. How Y and Z are related to each other?
A. Daughter and Father
B. Sister and Brother
C. Niece and Uncle
D. Niece and Maternal uncle
9. A rhombus is symmetrical about
A. The line joining the midpoints of its opposite side.
B. Each of its diagonals.
C. Perpendicular bisector of each of its sides.
D. None of these
10. Study the following information carefully and answer the question given below.
M, N, P, R, T, W, F and H are sitting around a circle facing the centre, P is third to the left of M and second to the right of T. N is second to the right of P. R is second to the right of W, who is second to the right of M. F is not an immediate neighbour of P. In which of the following is the first person sitting in between the second and the third person?
A. 
NHM 
B. 
PHN 
C. 
TRP 
D. 
TWF 
11. One full revolution of the hand of a clock is a complete angle of 360º. Where will the hand of a clock stop if
^{3}
4
it starts at 6 and make
and again ^{1} 2 of a revolution anticlockwise?
of a revolution clockwise
A.
C.
At 3
At 12
B.
D.
At 9
At 6
12. The value of 2.002 + 7.9{2.8 – 6.3(3.6 – 1.5) + 15.6} =
A. 2.002
B. 42.845
C.
4.2845
40.843
D.
2018
16th NSO  SET B
2
a hammer as a lever to pull a nail out of a piece of wood?
14. Identify the images and put in the sequence as "Triangular prism, Triangular pyramid, Square pyramid and Square prism".
A. 
R, P, S, Q 
B. 
P, Q, R, S 
C. 
P, R, S, Q 
D. 
S, R, P, Q 
15. A square of area 36 cm ^{2} has the same perimeter as that of an equilateral triangle. What is the length of the side of an equilateral triangle ?
Science
21. Match the following using the most convenient unit
used to express the area of various sizes as given
below.
ColumnI 
ColumnII 

(a) 
One rupee coin 
1. 
m ^{2} 
(b) 
Cricket field 
2. 
Hectare 
(c) 
Paddy field 
3. km ^{2} 

(d) 
Country 
4. 
cm ^{2} 
A. 
a2, b4, c1, d3 

B. 
a4, b1, c2, d3 

C. 
a3, b4, c1, d2 

D. 
a1, b2, c3, d4 
22. There is some water in a beaker placed on the pan of spring balance. If we dip our finger in this water
without touching the bottom of the beaker the reading
of spring balance will
A. Increase
B. Decrease
C. Remain same
D. Some time increase and some time decrease
2018
16th NSO  SET B
3
23. Neha observed the length and direction of shadows formed at different times of the day. She illustrated her observation through the given figure.
Based on the shadows formed, rank the shadows according to the time these appeared.
P 
Q 
R 
S 
T 

A. 
10 am 
12 pm 
2 pm 
6 am 
5 pm 
B. 
5 pm 
12 pm 
6 am 
2 pm 
10 am 
C. 
12 pm 
5 pm 
2 pm 
60 am 
10 am 
D. 
6 am 
2 pm 
12 pm 
5 pm 
10 am 
24. The diagram below shows a gear system that involves
the use of chains like in the bicycle. Arrows are drawn to show the direction in which each of the gears will
turn. Which among the following arrow(s) is/are
B. 1 and 4 only
C. 4 only
D. 2 and 3 only
25. There are two containers P and Q of different shapes as shown in the figures. Geeta filled container P with 100 mL of water and then poured all the water from container P into container Q.
Which of the following changes she observed in container Q?
1. Change in shape of water.
2. Increase in mass of water.
3. Change in level of water.
4. Increase in volume of water.
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
C. 2 and 4
D. 1 and 3
26. Ravi wrote two terms 'X' and 'Y' about a solution.
'X' means 'no more will dissolve'. 'Y' means 'how much will dissolve'. Identify the terms X and Y respectively.
A. Insoluble, Amount
B. Saturated, Solubility
C. Solubility, Volume
D. Insolubility, Saturated
27. Heat from the Sun changes water from liquid to gas. This change of state is called
A. Evaporation
B. Saturation
C. Distillation
D. Condensation
28. Diagrams I, II and III illustrate the particles of three unknown substances at room temperature.
II
Which set of substances best illustrates the given diagrams?
I
III
I 
II 
III 
A. Copper 
Helium 
Mercury 
B. Helium 
Copper 
Mercury 
C. Helium 
Mercury 
Copper 
D. Mercury 
Helium 
Copper 
29. Sumant, Raman and Neha mixed few liquids with water and recorded their observation in the following table :
× – Not mixed well – Mixed well
Sumant 
Raman 
Neha 

Vinegar 
× 



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