Sei sulla pagina 1di 1

Prevention and Control of Common Prevention and Control of Common

Communicable Diseases (Breaking the Chain of Communicable Diseases (Breaking the Chain of
Infection at respective points) Infection at respective points)
Communicable Diseases can be prevented. Communicable Diseases can be prevented.
They can also be controlled once they start to infect They can also be controlled once they start to infect
people. To do this, one needs to review the chain at people. To do this, one needs to review the chain at
every point. every point.
How can the chain of infection be broken at How can the chain of infection be broken at
the disease agent or pathogen stage? One way to the disease agent or pathogen stage? One way to
achieve this is to sterilize or disinfect oneself, one’s achieve this is to sterilize or disinfect oneself, one’s
thing, and one’s surroundings. thing, and one’s surroundings.
At the reservoir stage, places where the At the reservoir stage, places where the
disease agent may reside should be cleaned very well disease agent may reside should be cleaned very well
to prevent if from thriving. Standing water in the to prevent if from thriving. Standing water in the
surroundings area should be eliminated to stop the surroundings area should be eliminated to stop the
spread of dengue-carrying mosquitos in the spread of dengue-carrying mosquitos in the
community. community.
The portal of exit stage can be controlled but The portal of exit stage can be controlled but
practicing proper cough etiquette. For example, one practicing proper cough etiquette. For example, one
should cover the nose and mouth when sneezing to should cover the nose and mouth when sneezing to
prevent the droplets from getting into the air. Use prevent the droplets from getting into the air. Use
clean handkerchief or tissue to cover your mouth and clean handkerchief or tissue to cover your mouth and
nose. Make sure to wash the handkerchief thoroughly nose. Make sure to wash the handkerchief thoroughly
and dispose of tissues used by flushing them into the and dispose of tissues used by flushing them into the
toilet. Do not throw them in the trash can since this toilet. Do not throw them in the trash can since this
does not stop the virus from spreading. Always carry does not stop the virus from spreading. Always carry
an alcohol-based hand sanitizer to clean your hands an alcohol-based hand sanitizer to clean your hands
thoroughly with soap and water. These steps will thoroughly with soap and water. These steps will
help break the chain of infection at this stage and help break the chain of infection at this stage and
stop the spread of germs. stop the spread of germs.
Proper hygiene practices help to arrest the Proper hygiene practices help to arrest the
pathogen at the mode of transmission stage. pathogen at the mode of transmission stage.
Wearing protective clothing like masks and Wearing protective clothing like masks and
gloves helps stops the pathogen from infecting a gloves helps stops the pathogen from infecting a
person through to portal of entry. Be sure to handle person through to portal of entry. Be sure to handle
used protective clothing properly. They have to be used protective clothing properly. They have to be
disposed of or disinfected properly. disposed of or disinfected properly.
The susceptible host needs to stay healthy, The susceptible host needs to stay healthy,
get proper vaccination, enough sleep, regular get proper vaccination, enough sleep, regular
exercise, and proper nutrition in order to increase exercise, and proper nutrition in order to increase
body resistance. body resistance.
Disinfect – to free from infection especially by Disinfect – to free from infection especially by
destroying harmful microorganisms. destroying harmful microorganisms.
Sterilize – to free from living microorganisms. Sterilize – to free from living microorganisms.
Sanitize/Sanitation – to make sanitary, as by Sanitize/Sanitation – to make sanitary, as by
cleaning or sterilizing. cleaning or sterilizing.
Hygiene – conditions or practices conducive to Hygiene – conditions or practices conducive to
health. health.
Etiquette – the rules governing the proper way to Etiquette – the rules governing the proper way to
behave. behave.