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WATER SAFETY PLAN FOR PANADURA WATER SUPPLY SCHEME - ZONE 2

WATER SAFETY PLAN FOR PANADURA WATER SUPPLY SCHEME - ZONE 2 Prepared By WATER SAFETY PLAN

Prepared By

WATER SAFETY PLAN TEAM (WESTERN SOUTH & PANADURA)

NATIONAL WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE BOARD

DOCUMENT NUMBER: NWSDB/WSP /2015/01

VOLUME 01

SEPTEMBER 2015

& PANADURA) NATIONAL WATER SUPPLY AND DRAINAGE BOARD DOCUMENT NUMBER: NWSDB/WSP /2015/01 VOLUME 01 SEPTEMBER 2015

CEA CBO DGM DO E.Coli ITI JICA MIS NWSDB AE CS O & M OIC PAC PHI PM RCl RSC RWQ SCADA SLS TC TWQ WSP WTP WQ

ABBREVIATIONS

Central Environmental Authority Community Based Organizations Deputy General Manager Dissolved Oxygen Escherichia Coli Industrial Technology Institute Japan International Cooperation Agency Management Information System National Water Supply and Drainage Board Area Engineer Chief Sociologist Operation and Maintenance Officer In Charge Poly Aluminum Chloride Public Health Inspector Preventive Maintenance Residual Chlorine Regional Support Center Raw water quality Sequential Control and Data Acquisition Sri Lankan standards Total Coliform bacteria Treated water quality Water Safety Plan Water treatment plant Water quality

Table of Contents ABBREVIATIONS

 

2

INTRODUCTION

8

Water Safety Plan develop in Sri Lanka

8

Water Quality targets for raw water, treatment plant and consumer

in Sri Lanka

10

Standards for potable Water Physical and Chemical requirement (SLS 614 – 2013)

10

Physical Requirements

 

10

Chemical Requirements (Basic)

11

EXECUTIVE SUMMERY

12

MODULE: 01- WATER SAFETY PLAN TEAM

13

1.1 Preparation & Implementation Team / Operation Team

14

1.2 Stake Holders Team

 

15

1.3 Monitoring Team

17

1.4 Auditing Team

17

MODULE 02

18

2.1: General Descriptions of Panadura Water Supply Scheme – Zone 2

18

2.1.1:

Panadura Ground reservoir

20

2.1.2:

Hirana Water tower

22

2.1.3: Distribution Map of Panadura Zone 2

23

Consumer Interface

 

24

2.2: Water Quality Data of Panadura

25

2.2.1: Data Quality Details Distribution System of Panadura Zone 2 Past 2 Years

27

2.3

Process Flow Diagram- Panadura Zone 2

29

MODULE 03

 

31

Hazard identification and risk assessment

31

Semi Quantitative Risk Matrix

32

Description of Risk Rating

32

Description of Like hood

33

Description of severity or consequence

33

MODULE 04

34

Determine and validate control measures reassess and prioritize the risks

34

3.1.1

Hazard identification & reassessment of ground reservoir – Panadura

35

3.1.2

Defects identification at Ground reservoir before water safety plan

38

3.1.3 Improvements of ground reservoir Panadura after water safety plan

39

Error! Bookmark not defined.

40

4.1 Prioritization of risks for ground reservoir

3.2.1 Hazard identification & reassessment of elevated tank at Hirana

3.2.2 Defects identification at Hirana elevated tank before water safety plan

3.2.3 Improvements for Hirana elevated tower after water safety plan

4.2 Prioritization of risks for Hirana elevated tower

3.3.1 Hazard identification & reassessment of Distribution System

3.3.2 Defects identification of distribution system before water safety plan

3.3.3 Improvements for distribution system after water safety plan

4.3 Prioritization of risks for Distribution System

3.4.1 Hazard identification & reassessment of consumer interface & consumer

storage tank

4.4 Prioritization of risks for consumer interface & consumer storage tank

41

43

44

45

47

49

52

53

54

57

58

58

59

61

62

64

66

66

67

71

73

76

MODULE 05

Improvement Plan

5.1 Improvement Plan – Ground Reservoir- Panadura 5.2 Improvement Plan – Hirana Elevated Tower 5.3
5.1 Improvement Plan – Ground Reservoir- Panadura
5.2 Improvement Plan – Hirana Elevated Tower
5.3 Improvement Plan – Distribution System
5.4 Improvement Plan – Consumer Interface & Consumer Storage Tank

MODULE 06

Define Operational Monitoring & Corrective Actions for Control Measures

6.1 Define Operational Monitoring & Corrective Actions for Control Measures –

Ground Reservoir

6.2 Define Operational Monitoring & Corrective Actions for Control Measures –

Hirana Elevated Tower

6.3 Define Operational Monitoring & Corrective Actions for Control Measures –

Distribution System

6.4 Define Operational Monitoring & Corrective Actions for Control Measures –

Consumer Interface & Consumer Storage Tank

MODULE 07

80

Verify the effectiveness of the WSP

80

MODULE 08

83

Develop Management procedures

83

MODULE 09

85

Develop

Supporting Programme

85

MODULE 10

86

Develop

WSP review & feedback procedures

86

MODULE 11

87

Revise the WSP following an incident

87

Figure 1: Catchment to consumer’ approach to risk management of the safety of drinking water

9

Figure 2 : Location map of panadura

18

Figure 3 : Cover area map Panadura Manager

19

Figure 4 : Transmission main up to Panadura Reservoir & Hirana tower

20

Figure 5 : Location map- Ground Reservoir ( Panadura)

20

Figure 6: colour variation past two years- Panadura zone 2 Figure 7 : PH variation past two years- Panadura zone 2 Figure 8 : Turbidity variation past two years- Panadura zone 2

27

Figure 9 : : E-colli variation past two years- Panadura zone 2 Figure 10 : PH variation past three years- Panadura GR

27

Figure 11 Total Turbidity variation past three years- Panadura GR

28

Figure 12 : Colour variation past three years- Panadura GR

Figure

Table 01: Physical water quality

10

Table 02: Chemical water quality

11

Table 03: Operation team

15

Table

04:

Stake holder team

16

Table 05: Monitoring team

17

Table 06: Auditing team

17

Table 07 : Semi Quantitative Risk Matrix

32

Table0 8 : Description of Risk Rating

32

Table 09 : Description of Like hood

33

Table 10: Description of severity or consequence

33

Table 11 : Verify the effectiveness Of the WSP

82

Table 12 : SOP’s for distribution System

84

Table 13 : Develop Supporting Programme

85

Table 14 : Develop WSP review & feedback procedures

86

INTRODUCTION

Waterborne disease remains one of the major health concerns in the world. Diarrheal diseases, which are largely derived from contaminated water and inadequate sanitation, account for 2.4 million deaths each year and contribute over 73 million Disability Adjusted Life Years (a measure of disease burden, WHO 1999). On a global scale, this places diarrheal disease sixth in the list of causes of mortality and third in the list of morbidity. This health burden is primarily borne by the populations in developing countries and by children. Based on present estimates, one-sixth of humanity lack access to any form of safe and improved water supply within 1 kilometer of their home and one-fifth of humanity lack access to any form of adequate and improved excreta disposal (WHO and UNICEF 2000). Endemic and epidemic disease derived from unsafe water supply affects all nations. Outbreaks of waterborne disease continue to occur in both developed and developing countries, leading to loss of life, disease and economic burden for individuals and communities. Strategies to improve water quality, in conjunction with improvements in excreta disposal and personal hygiene can be expected to deliver substantial health gains in the population. In addition to microbial risks to drinking-water, safety may also be compromised by chemical and radiological constituents. The World Health Organization Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality (GDWQ), for which this text is a supporting document, aim to protect public health and a key way to ensure this is through the adoption of a water safety plan.

Water Safety Plan develop in Sri Lanka

As a developing country Sri Lanka still need to produce many facilities to ensure safeguard water to consumers. Therefore as a representative of Sri Lankan Government,

National Water Supply and drainage Board (NWSDB) has a great responsibility to provide safe drinking water to its consumers. Accordingly NWSDB started learning and applying water safety plan (WSP) to its systems, NWSDB organized a multi-disciplinary WSP team coming from its various operating units to assess and develop a model WSP for its entire system. This WSP covers the water sources, conveyance system, water treatment, pumps and reservoir, and the distribution network up to its customers. The task is tedious and complicated since NWSDB does not manage the watershed that acts as the main source of its water supply but monitoring has been done by NWSDB. Different governmental bodies have legal authority to control the actions going on the catchment. Therefore they should contribute to successfully conduct WSP. Also, It is important that risk management is inclusive and, therefore, needs to cover the whole system from catchment to consumer as in following figure A.

system from catchment to consumer as in following figure A. Figure 1: drinking water Cat chment

Figure 1:

drinking water

Catchment to consumer’ approach to risk management of the safety of

Water Quality targets for raw water, treatment plant and consumer Sri Lanka

in

Sri Lanka Standards Institution published the tolerance limits for inland surface water used as raw water for public water supply (SLS 722) to prevent and control pollution of water sources in year 1985. They also published the specification for potable water consisting of physical, chemical and microbiological requirements as SLS 614: Part 1 and 2 in year 1983. The specification for potable water is revised in year 2013.Sri Lanka Standards for effluents published as SLS 652 in year 1984. The main WQ target is to achieve treated water quality of all treatment plants (TP) (including partial treatment) to Sri Lankan standards (SLS 614: 1983 Part 1 and 2).

Standards for potable Water Physical and Chemical requirement (SLS 614 – 2013)

Physical Requirements

SL.NO

CHARACTERISTIC

REQIREMENT

METHOD OF TEST

 

1 Colour

15

APHA 2120B

 

2 Odour

Unobjectionable

Sensory Evaluation a)

 

3 Taste

Unobjectionable

Sensory Evaluation b)

 

4 Turbidity

2 NTU

APHA 2310B

5 pH

 

6.5 8.5

APHA 4500 H + B

Table 01: Physical water quality

Chemical Requirements (Basic)

SL NO

CHARACTERISTIC

REQUIREMENT Mg/I (Maximum)

METHOD OF

TEST

1

Chloride (as Cl)

250

APHA 4500 CI B

2

Free Residual Chlorine (as Cl)

1.0

APHA 4500 CI G

3

Alkalinity (total as CaCO 3 )

200

APHA 2320 B

4

Free Ammonia

0.06

-

5

Albuminoid Ammonia

0.15

-

6

Nitrate (as NO 3 )

50.0

APHA 4500 NO 3 - E

7

Nitrate (as NO 2 )

3.0

APHA 4500 NO 3 B

8

Fluoride (as F - )

1.0

APHA 4500 F - C

9

Total Phosphate (as PO 4 )

2.0

APHA 4500 - PC

10

Total Dissolved Solids

500

APHA 2540 C

11

Total Hardness (as CaCO 3 )

250

APHA 2340 C

12

Total Iron (as Fe)

0.3

APHA 3500 Fe B

13

Sulphate (as SO 4 )

250

APHA 4500 SO 4 2- E

14

Oil & Grease

0.2

APHA 5520 B

15

Calcium (as Ca)

100

APHA 3500 Ca B

16

Magnesium (as Mg)

30

APHA 3500 Mg B

17

Sodium (as Na)

200

APHA 4500 3111B

18

Manganese (as Mn)

0.1

APHA 4500 3111B

Table 02: Chemical water quality

EXECUTIVE SUMMERY

This report includes the water safety plan (WSP) for Panadura Zone 2 distribution system located at Panadura in Western South region of Western province. Basically, this report explains improvement of Panadura Zone 2 areas to escape contamination of water in the distribution system. The Panadura Zone 2 WSP report consists of identified risks of water contaminations at Panadura ground reservoir, Hirana water tower , about 60km length distribution system and consumers .

The system feed treated water from Kalu Ganga water treatment plant. The treated water storages which are Hirana tower and Panadura reservoir have some possibility to contaminate due to no proper preventive maintenance methods are used. There is a possibility of contamination of piped water during leak repairs and within low pressure zones. There is also a possibility to contaminate the distributed treated water at the household storage tanks and during handling water at end user. This WSP incorporates a multiple barrier system to eliminate risks of water contamination of distribution system from the source to the end user

MODULE: 01- WATER SAFETY PLAN TEAM

The preparation stage involves determining the WSP team with multidisciplinary team of experts with a thorough understanding of the selected drinking water supply system at Panadura area. Also, external support from collaborative multi-stakeholders is required as it will ensure that all the other agencies with responsibility for specific areas within the water cycle for WQ management of Panadura WSS. The WSP team members are involved in each stage of drinking water supply system and the assembled experts from different categories are shown below.

Engineering

Water quality

TP and distribution system operational staff

Public health professionals

Water resources management and protection professionals

Customer services

Team leader is responsible to ensure the implementation of the WSP for Panadura. The intended target of the other WSP members is identification of hazardous event and the risk assessment by considering health base target.

1.1 Preparation & Implementation Team / Operation Team

No

Name

Designation

Role of WSP

Individual Responsibilities in WSP

Contact Details

01

Eng E.N Huladduwaarachchi

Manager O&M

Team Leader

1.

Management & Co-ordination

0777392467

Office (P-H)

of works

 

2. Guild the team

02

Eng .P.M.Thilakarathna

Area Engineer

Team Member

1. Co-ordination of works

0777328648

2. Guild the team

03

Eng . Chumith Walikanna

Eng. ( O&M)

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining

0718327002

04

Mr. Prassanna Mendis

OIC

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining

0777611870

05

Mrs. Nanda Ranaweera

Chemist

Team Member

1.Water Quality management

0718306354

06

Mr.Sagara Kumarawardane

EA

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining 2.Hazard identification 3.Risk analysis and prioritization of risk

0777612978

07

Mr.H.L.S.Thusara

EA(Mechanical)

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining 2.Hazard identification 3.Risk analysis and prioritization of risk

0716772695

08

Ms.D.H.A.D. Jayaneththi

EA (RSC WS)

Team Member

1.

Distribution network

0770460920

maintaining 2.Preparation of water Safety plan 3.Hazard identification 4.Risk analysis and prioritization of risk

09

Mr.Eranda Roshan

TA

 

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining

0714616616

10

I.R. Athukorala

Pipe Fitter

 

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining

0719070136

11

D.Fernando

Labour

 

Team Member

1.Distribution network maintaining

 

1.2

Stake Holders Team

Table 03: Operation team

 

No

 

Stakeholder Name

Relationship to Drinking Water Supply Issue

 

Point of

Stakeholder

Interaction Mechanism

Contact Details

 

Contact in

Point of

WSP Team

Contact

01

Divisional Secretary Office

 

Sociologist

Divisional

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

 

Involve to distribution Protection programs

Secretary

02

   

Area

Ex. Engineer

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

 

Road development Authority

Involve to distribution Protection programs

Engineer

03

Provisional Road

 

Area

Chief

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

Development

Authority

Involve to distribution protection program

Engineer

Engineer

04

Pradeshiya Saba

Involve to distribution protection program me

Area

Chairmen

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

Engineer

05

Urban Council

Involve to distribution protection program me

Area

Chairmen

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

Engineer

   

Consumer Awareness

     

06

Agricultural Department

&

Involve to

Sociologist

Agricultural

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

environment

Inspector

protection

   

Consumer Awareness

 

Regional

Periodical meetings Phone calls E-mails Letters

Environmental Authority

&

protection of

Sociologist

Environment

07

environment

al Officer

Table 04: Stake holder team

1.3

Monitoring Team

 

No

 

Name

Designation

Role of WSP

Individual Responsibilities in WSP

Contact Details

01

 

Eng.T.W.S.Perera

DGM (RSC-WS)

Team Member

1.Overall management of work 2.Funding activities

0773295825

02

 

Eng.P.Ramawickrama

AGM (RSC-WS)

Team Member

1.Engineering guidance

0777223736

03

 

Mr.

Chief Chemist (W)

Team Member

Water & environment quality monitoring

0777250375

L.P.R.J.Wijesinghe

04

 

Eng.Disna Pannila

Manager - P&C (RSC-WS)

Team Member

1.Engineering guidance

0777377683

05

 

Eng.D.G.N.Kumari

CE – SP (RSC- WS)

Team Member

1Coordination of overall work 2.Preparation of water Safety plan 3.Hazard identification 4.Risk analysis and prioritization of risk 5.Design and preparation of BOQ

0773095737

06

 

Mr.E.U Alwis

CS (RSC-WS)

Team Member

1.Co-ordination works 2.Social activities

0777411510

07

 

Eng.

CE Cons. (RSC WS)

Team Member

1.Prepair the SOP’s for all activities

0777864546

B.Thevendrakumar

1.4

Auditing Team

 

Table 05: Monitoring team

No

 

Name

 

Designation

Role of WSP

Contact Details

01

 

Eng. D.S.D.Jayasiriwardana

 

Addl.GM(S/E)

Auditing Water Safety Plan

0777590402

02

 

Eng. S. Sumanaweera

 

D.G.M.(CP)

Auditing Water Safety Plan

0773580522

03

 

Eng.Dr.S.K.Weragoda

 

Chief Engineer

Auditing Water Safety Plan

0770102852

04

 

Mr.N.I.Wickramasinghe

 

Chief Sociologist

Auditing Water Safety Plan

0718357137

Table 06: Auditing team

MODULE 02

2.1: General Descriptions of Panadura Water Supply Scheme – Zone 2

Panadura Zone 2 distribution system is situated in kalutara district, Western province. It Covers Panadura city area and adjacent areas including about 5.2 Square kilometer. The distribution system covers 18 GND divisions. Panadura water supply scheme was commenced in year 1960 and it is include mainly Panadura reservoir, Hirana tower and 60 km length distribution.

This Panadura WSS is feed from water Kalu Ganga water treatment plant. The treated Water from Kalu Ganga water treatment plant is pumped up to the high level reservoir of Hirana and is conveyed by gravity of this scheme through Panadura ground reservoir and Udahamulla tower.

At presently, the scheme provides 8500m3/d, 24 hours continuous water supply to the consumer. Also, the scheme has about 7200consumer connections.

water supply to the consumer. Also, the scheme has about 7200consumer connections. Figure 2 : Location

Figure 2 : Location map of panadura

Figure 3 : Cover area map Panadura Manager 19

Figure 3 : Cover area map Panadura Manager

Figure 4 : Transmission main up to Panadura Reservoir & Udahamulla tower 2.1.1: Panadura Ground

Figure 4 : Transmission main up to Panadura Reservoir & Udahamulla tower

2.1.1: Panadura Ground reservoir

Reservoir & Udahamulla tower 2.1.1: Panadura Ground reservoir Figure 5 : Location map- Ground Reservoir (

Figure 5 : Location map- Ground Reservoir ( Panadura)

Reservoir Details

3

Capacity

2835m

Constructed

1960 Year

1960 Year Can’t Be Opened

Can’t Be Opened

Washout

_

Not Function

Level Indicator

Not Function/ Manual Indicator is available

Structure

Concrete

Over Flow

_

Not Function

Inlet

Function

Function

Outlet Inspection Chamber

Ventilation Chamber – –

Ball Valve

To Be Repaired

Not Function

Flow Meters

Function

– To Be Repaired Not Function Flow Meters – Function Before WSP ……………… After WSP…… 21
– To Be Repaired Not Function Flow Meters – Function Before WSP ……………… After WSP…… 21
– To Be Repaired Not Function Flow Meters – Function Before WSP ……………… After WSP…… 21
Before WSP ……………… After WSP……
Before WSP ………………
After WSP……

2.1.2:Udahamulla Water tower

2.1.2:Udahamulla Water tower Figure 6 : Location map- Water tower ( Panadura) Figure 7 : Udahamulla

Figure 6 : Location map- Water tower ( Panadura)

Water tower Figure 6 : Location map- Water tower ( Panadura) Figure 7 : Udahamulla Elevated

Figure 7 : Udahamulla Elevated Tower

3 Capacity – 409m Constructed – 1960 Year Washout _ Not Function Level Indicator –
3
Capacity
409m
Constructed
1960 Year
Washout
_
Not Function
Level Indicator
Not Function
Structure
Over Flow
Inlet
Outlet
Inspection Chamber
_
Concrete
Function
Function
Function
To Be Repaired
Ventilation Chamber
Ball Valve
To Be Covered
Not Function
Flow Meters
To be Fixed

2.1.3: Distribution Map of Panadura Zone 2

See attach annex 01 for distribution map

of Panadura Zone 2 See attach annex 01 for distribution map Before WSP ……… After WSP……
of Panadura Zone 2 See attach annex 01 for distribution map Before WSP ……… After WSP……
Before WSP ……… After WSP……
Before WSP ………
After WSP……

Details :-

DI

Pipes

2.5km

PVC Pipes

42.6 km

CI

Pipes

12.7 km

Air Valve

39 Nos

Sluice Valve

86 Nos

Washout Valve

22 Nos

Consumer Interface

Consumer Interface Before WSP ……… After WSP…… Details : - Total no of Consumers – 7198
Consumer Interface Before WSP ……… After WSP…… Details : - Total no of Consumers – 7198
Before WSP ……… After WSP……
Before WSP ………
After WSP……

Details :-

Total no of Consumers

7198

Domestic

6267

Commercial

893

Religious

26

School

12

2.2: Water Quality Data of Panadura

The water quality data of the panadura zone 2 areas is attached in annex 02 for more information.

zone 2 areas is attached in annex 02 for more information. Figure 8 : Water quality

Figure 8

: Water quality sampling points of Panadura zone 2 areas

1.

Sp.Arthur V Dias Mw, Station Rd

2. Sp.Beach Rd, Panadura

3. Garden tap - Damsiri Hardware, No. 19/2, Dibedda Rd, Nalluruwa.

4. Garden tap - Galwatimodara Temple, Nalluruwa.

5. Garden tap - Zeenia Muslim Mosque, Podusewa Rd, Panadura.

6. Garden tap Mr.R.K.H.Silva, House No.38/1, Eluwila

7. Direct line Unichela (Pvt) Ltd, Panadura

8. Sp. Mahanama Rd

9. Panadura Ground Reservoir

10. Garden tap Jerameyas Dias College, Weeraman Rd,

11. CEB Manamulla Rd

12. Garden tap Sri Mahendraramaya

13. Garden tap Navodhya Pre School, No. 65/E, Newdawa Rd, Arukgoda

14. House Garden tap Newdawa Rd, Arukgoda.

15. Garden tap Malamulla Maha Vidhayalaya, Western Manamulla

16. Garden tap Mr, T. Thangaraja, No: 251/3, Sri Ketha, Malamulla west, Panadura.

17. Garden tap Gangula Temple, Hirana, Panadura

18. Garden tap Pradeshiya Sabha, Hirana Rd

2.2.1: Data Quality Details Distribution System of Panadura Zone 2 Past 2 Years

2013 - 2014 -
2013 -
2014 -

Figure 6: colour variation past two years- Panadura zone 2

TURBIDITY VARIATION 2.5 2 1.5 2013 - 2014 - 1 Standard - 0.5 0 
TURBIDITY VARIATION
2.5
2
1.5
2013
-
2014
-
1
Standard -
0.5
0

Jan…
Fe…
Ma…
April
May
June
July
Au…
Se…
Oc…
No…
De…

Figure 8 : Turbidity variation past two years- Panadura zone 2

PH VARIATION 2013 2014 Figure 7 : PH variation past two years- Panadura zone 2
PH VARIATION
2013
2014
Figure 7 : PH variation past two years- Panadura zone 2
EC VARITION
2013
2014
PH
EC

Figure 9 : : EC variation past two years- Panadura zone 2

2.2.2: Data Quality Details Past 3 Years - Panadura Ground Reservoir

Panadura Ground Reservoir pH Variation of Last

PH

Figure 10 : PH variation past three years- Panadura GR

Panadura Ground Reservoir Total Colour

COLOUR

Figure 12 : Colour variation past three years- Panadura GR

Panadura Ground Reservoir Total Turbidity Variation

TURBIDITY

Figure 11 Total Turbidity variation past three years- Panadura GR

Panadura Ground Reservoir Total EC Variation

EC

Figure 13 Total EC variation past three years- Panadura GR

2.3 Process Flow Diagram- Panadura Zone 2

Standard symbols used in the flow diagram are described in figure 17 and the flow diagram is shown in figure 18

in figure 17 and the flow diagram is shown in figure 18 S t o r

Storage step

is shown in figure 18 S t o r a g e s t e p

Operational step

figure 18 S t o r a g e s t e p Operational step Inspection

Inspection step

o r a g e s t e p Operational step Inspection step Transport step Combined

Transport step

s t e p Operational step Inspection step Transport step Combined step C o n t
Combined step
Combined step
step Inspection step Transport step Combined step C o n t i n u o u
step Inspection step Transport step Combined step C o n t i n u o u

Continuous process

A
A

Intermittent process

Connector symbol

Figure 14 : Stanadards Symbols of flow diagram

FIGURE 15: STANDARD SYMBOLS USED IN THE FLOW DIAGRAM

Treated Water (Kandana – Ellakanda) Ground Reservoir
Treated Water (Kandana –
Ellakanda)
Ground Reservoir
Treated Water (Kandana – Ellakanda) Ground Reservoir Elevated Tank - Hirana Distribution Consumer Figure 15:
Treated Water (Kandana – Ellakanda) Ground Reservoir Elevated Tank - Hirana Distribution Consumer Figure 15:

Elevated Tank - Hirana

– Ellakanda) Ground Reservoir Elevated Tank - Hirana Distribution Consumer Figure 15: Flow diagram of Panadura

Distribution

Ellakanda) Ground Reservoir Elevated Tank - Hirana Distribution Consumer Figure 15: Flow diagram of Panadura Zone

Consumer

Figure 15: Flow diagram of Panadura Zone 2

30

MODULE 03

Hazard identification and risk assessment

For each step of the validated process flow diagram, the WSP Team identified what could go wrong in the water supply system in terms of hazards and hazardous events. The hazard and hazardous event identification was conducted through existing records, historical events, local knowledge and onsite visits that can affect the safety of a water supply and establish what requires controlling the hazards in order to provide safe drinking-water. The WSP team considered all potential biological, micro biological, physical and chemical hazards that could be associated with the water supply.

It is important to rank the hazards in order to establish priorities. The WSP team used a semi-quantitative risk assessment, to calculate a priority score for each identified hazard. The objective of the prioritization matrix is to rank hazardous events to provide a focus on the most significant hazards. The likelihood and severity was derived from the team’s technical knowledge and expertise, historical data and relevant guidelines. Below Tables describes the semi quantitative risk matrix used to rate the likelihood or frequency and severity or consequence of the hazards when it occurred for calculation of the risk score. The WSP team determined a cutoff point, which is risk score of 5, above which all hazards will be retained for further consideration. There is little value in expending a great deal of effort considering very small risks.

Semi Quantitative Risk Matrix

     

Severity of consequences

 

Insignificant or no impact

Minor compliance impact Rating 2

Moderate aesthetic impact Rating - 3

Major regulatory impact Rating - 4

Catastrophic public health impact Rating - 5

Rating No

Rating - 1

 

Almost certain once a day Rating - 5

5

10

15

20

25

Likelihood 0r frequency

Likely or once a week Rating - 4

4

8

12

16

20

Moderate or once a month Rating - 3

3

6

9

12

15

Unlikely or once a year Rating - 2

2

4

6

8

10

 

Rare or once in 5 years Rating - 1

1

2

3

4

5

High >= 15

15 >M > 6

L < 6

Table 07 : Semi Quantitative Risk Matrix

Description of Risk Rating

Risk Rating

Action

Low

Manage using routine procedures, keep under review.

Medium

Less priority action required; or Action required, plan and prepare.

High

Priority action required to mitigate hazard in short term.

Table0 8 : Description of Risk Rating

Description of Like hood

Level

Descriptor

Description

 

1 Rare

Rare or Once in 5 years

 

2 Unlikely

Unlikely or once a year

 

3 Moderate

Moderate or once a month

 

4 Likely

Likely or once a week

 

5 Almost

Almost certain once a day

certain

Table 09 : Description of Like hood

Description of severity or consequence

Level

Descriptor

Description

 

1 Insignificant

No detectable or insignificant health impact. No disruption to normal operation. Insignificant impact to normal operating costs.

 

2 Minor

Short term or localized aesthetic non-compliance, not health related (e.g. Fe, Mn, H 2 S, Zn, colour, odour, taste, turbidity). Manageable operation disruption. Minor impact to normal operating costs.

 

3 Moderate

Widespread aesthetic issues or long term non-compliance, not health related (e.g. Fe, Mn, H 2 S, Zn, colour, odour, taste, turbidity). Significant impact to normal operation but manageable. Significant impact to normal operating costs.

 

4 Major

Potential long term health effects or chronic toxicity (e.g. chemical organic constituents, i.e. pesticide, THM, or inorganic constituents, i.e. Hg, Cd, Pb). System significantly compromised, high level of monitoring is required. Disruption to consumers in the supply.

 

5 Catastrophic

Potential illness or acute toxicity (e.g. microbial, chemical organic constituents, i.e. pesticide, or inorganic constituents, i.e. CN). Major impact for large population. Complete system failure.

Table 10: Description of severity or consequence

MODULE 04

Determine and validate control measures reassess and prioritize the risks

WSP team documented the existing and potential control measures for each of the identified hazards from catchment to the point of use. The team validates each control to determine its efficacy at its point in the water supply system through site inspection, manufacturer’s specification and based on monitoring data. Reassessment of risk was conducted taking into account the effectiveness of each of the controls. The reduction in the risk rating achieved by each control is an indication of its effectiveness. The risks were prioritized in terms of their likely impact to the capacity of the system to deliver safe water. High priority risks (risk rating from medium to very high) may require system modifications or upgrade while lower priority risks (risk rating of low) can often be minimized as part of routine good practice activities

4.1.1 Hazard identification, initial risk assessment & reassessment of risks with Existing control measures in ground reservoir – Panadura

       

Risk if there was no controls

   

If this

 

Risk

   

control

with existing

Improvement Plan No

 

measure

 

Controls

 

Process Step

Hazard Type

effective

 

No

 

Consequence

   

BASIS

   

Consequence

   

Hazardous Event

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

(Reasons for

Existing

Not sure or somewhat

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

 

Selection of

Control

Likelihood and

Measures

   

Consequence

     

Scores)

         
   

Accumulation of small particle in reservoir

           

Cleaning the

           

P,B.C

,M

5

3

15

H

Identified due

to blocked

reservoir

using over

Not Sure

or Some

5

3

15

H

GR

01

washout line

flow pipe

what

bottom due to uncleaning of reservoir.

 

line(pumping)

GR Panadura

Contaminate can be

         

As found

             

01

occurred due to corrosion of access ladders, valves etc in the reservoir

P,C

5

3

15

H

corroded

during

inspection

No current

control

measure

Not Sure

or Some

what

5

3

15

H

GR

02

 

Contaminate of water in ground reservoir due to growing of huge plant roots in to the reservoir.

         

Observed

No current

           

M,B,

P

5

2

10

M

during the field visit

control

5

2

10

M

GR

03

measures.

Continue……

       

Risk if there was no controls

     

If this

 

Risk

 

Improvement Plan No

BASIS

control

with existing

Process Step

Hazard Type

 

(Reasons for

measure

 

Controls

 

Selection of

effective

 

No

Likelihood

Consequence

Risk Rating

Risk Band

Likelihood and

   

Consequence

   

Hazardous Event

Consequence

Existing

Not sure or

somewhat

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

Scores)

Control

   

Measures

   

Reservoir water can be contaminated due to penetration of rain water & other impurities through reservoir top

         

observed

No current

           

P,B.C

,M

5

2

10

M

during the field visit

control

5

2

10

M

GR

04

measures

GR Panadura

             

Using

           

01

Difficult operate valves in valve chambers due to insufficient light.

P

5

2

10

M

OIC informed

that.

Touches &

temporary

lights.

Not Sure

or Some

what

5

2

10

M

GR

05

 

Insufficient Air circulation reduces the Oxygen level of water due to difficulty of handling heavy covers

         

Visual

             

M,B,

P

5

2

10

M

Inspection &

Chemist

Information

No Current

Control

Measures.

5

2

10

M

GR

06

Continue……

       

Risk if there was no controls

   

If this

 

Risk

   

control

with existing

Improvement Plan No

 

measure

 

Controls

 

Process Step

Hazard Type

effective

 

No

 

Consequence

   

BASIS

         

Hazardous Event

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

(Reasons for

Existing

Consequence

Risk Rating

 

Selection of

Control

Not sure or

somewhat

Likelihood

Risk Band

Likelihood and

Measures

   

Consequence

     

Scores)

 
   

The ground reservoir can be contaminated due to the availability of uncovered openings

         

Observed

No current

           

01

GR Panadura

M,B,

P

2

4

8

M

during the field visit

control

measure

2

4 GR

8

M

07

Defective level indicator makes difficulties to determine the water level of the ground reservoir.

           

Level

           
 

P

5

2

10

M

Visual

Inspection

Indicator was

reactive.

Yes

1

1 GR

1

L

08

4.1.2 Identified defects - Ground reservoir before water safety plan

4.1.2 Identified defects - Ground reservoir before water safety plan 38
4.1.2 Identified defects - Ground reservoir before water safety plan 38

4.1.3 Improvements of ground reservoir Panadura after water safety plan

4.1.3 Improvements of ground reservoir Panadura after water safety plan Ground Reservoir survey Ventilation covers 39
4.1.3 Improvements of ground reservoir Panadura after water safety plan Ground Reservoir survey Ventilation covers 39

Ground Reservoir survey

4.1.3 Improvements of ground reservoir Panadura after water safety plan Ground Reservoir survey Ventilation covers 39

Ventilation covers

4.2 Prioritization of risks for ground reservoir

No

Hazardous Event

Existing Control Measures

Score

Risk

Rating

 

Accumulation of small

Cleaning the reservoir using over flow pipe line(pumping)

   

1

particle in reservoir bottom due to uncleaning of reservoir.

15

H

 

Contaminate can be occurred

     

2

due to corrosion of access ladders, valves etc in the reservoir

No current control measure

15

H

 

Contaminate of water in

     

3

ground reservoir due to growing of huge plant roots in to the reservoir.

No current control measures.

10

M

 

Reservoir water can be

     

4

contaminated due to penetration of rain water & other impurities through reservoir top

No current control measures

10

M

 

Difficult operate valves in

     

5

valve chambers due to insufficient light.

Using Touches & temporary lights.

10

M

 

Insufficient Air circulation

     

6

reduces the Oxygen level of water due to difficulty of handling heavy covers

No Current Control Measures.

10

M

 

The ground reservoir can be

     

7

contaminated due to the availability of uncovered openings

No current control measure

8

M

 

Defective level indicator

     

8

makes difficulties to determine the water level of the ground reservoir.

Level Indicator was reactive.

1

L

4.3.1 Hazard identification, initial risk assessment & reassessment of risks with Existing control measures -elevated tank at Udahamulla

       

Risk if there was no controls

   

If this

 

Risk

   

control

with existing

Improvement Plan No

 

measure

 

Controls

 

Process Step

Hazard Type

effective

 

No

 

Consequence

   

BASIS

         

Hazardous Event

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

(Reasons for

Existing

Consequence

Risk Rating

 

Selection of

Control

Not sure or

somewhat

Likelihood

Risk Band

Likelihood and

Measures

   

Consequence

     

Scores)

 
   

Could not clean the tower periodically due to corroded ladder

         

Conditions observed during the field visit

No Control

           

Udahamulla Elevated Tower

P

2

5

10

M

measures

2

5

10

M

E01

02

Tower water can be contaminated due to no security fence around the tower site

P,B.C

2

5

10

M

observed

No control

 

2

5

10

M

E02

,M

during the field visit

measures.

Could not identify the valves, chambers etc due to no name boards

         

observed

 

Not Sure

         
 

P

3

3

9

M

during the field visit

Asking pump

Operator

or Some

what

2

3

6

M

E03

Continue……

       

Risk if there was no controls

   

If this

 

Risk

   

control

with existing

Improvement Plan No

Process Step

 

Hazard Type

 

BASIS

Existing

measure

 

Controls

 

(Reasons for

Control

effective

 

No

 

Consequence

   

Selection of

Measures

   

Consequence

   

Hazardous Event

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

Likelihood and

Not sure or somewhat

Likelihood

Risk Rating

Risk Band

 

Consequence

   

Scores)

 

Udahamulla Elevated

Tower

Non operation of elevated tank can cause failures to supply of water continuously to the consumer during emergency case.

         

Consumer

No control

           

02

P

3

3

9

M

Complains

measures

3

3

9

M

E04

4.3.2 Defects identification at Hirana elevated tank before water safety plan

at Hirana elevated tank before water safety plan Uncleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Un cleaned

Uncleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower

water safety plan Uncleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Un cleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Tower without
water safety plan Uncleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Un cleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Tower without

Un cleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower

safety plan Uncleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Un cleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Tower without function

Tower without function

safety plan Uncleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Un cleaned Surrounding of Udahamulla tower Tower without function

4.3.3 Improvements for Hirana elevated tower after water safety plan

for Hirana elevated tower after water safety plan Udahamulla elevated tower cleaning program after water
for Hirana elevated tower after water safety plan Udahamulla elevated tower cleaning program after water
for Hirana elevated tower after water safety plan Udahamulla elevated tower cleaning program after water

Udahamulla elevated tower cleaning program after water safety plan

4.4 Prioritization of risks for Udahamulla elevated tower

No

Hazardous Event

Existing Control Measures

Score

Risk

Rating

 

Could not clean the tower

     

1

periodically due to corroded ladder

No Control measures

10

M

 

Tower water can be

     

2

contaminated due to no security fence around the tower site

No control measures.

10

M

3

Could not identify the tower site due to no name board

Asking pump Operator

9

M

 

Non operation of elevated tank

     

4

can cause failures to supply of water continuously to the consumer during emergency case.

No control measures

6

M

4.5.1 Hazard identification, initial risk assessment & reassessment of risks with Existing control measures of Distribution System

       

Risk if there was no controls

   

If this

 

Risk

   

control

with existing

Improvement Plan No

Process Step

Hazard Type

 

measure

 

Controls

 

BASIS

effective

 

No

 

Consequence

Risk Rating

 

(Reasons for

   

Consequence

Risk Rating

 

Hazardous Event

Likelihood

Risk Band

Selection of

Existing

Not sure or

somewhat

Likelihood

Risk Band

Likelihood and

Control

   

Consequence

Measures

Scores)

   

Contaminant can enters to the network pipe due to unhygienic repair procedures.

             

Not Sure

         

P,B.C

,M

4

4

16

H

Customer

complain

Flushing the

lines

or Some

what

4

4

16

H

D01

03

Distribution System

Contaminates can be enters to the NWS&DB line because of

P,B.C

3

4

12

M

Visit & Visual Inspection. Information from public

Consumer

Not Sure

or Some

3

4

12

M

D02

alternative water sources of consumers (dug wells ets…)

,M

awareness

what

Contaminant can enters to the network pipe line due to unavailable GI pipe covers which pipe lines are crossing drains.

         

Field visit

             
 

P,B.C

,M

during the

Laying of GI

Not Sure

3

5

15

H

rainy season

and water

Cover pipe line

or Some

what

2

5

10

M

D03

 

quality report

Continue…………

       

Risk if there was no controls

   

If this

 

Risk

   

control

with existing

Improvement Plan No

 

BASIS

measure

 

Controls

 

Process Step

Hazard Type

(Reasons for

effective

 

No

 

Consequence

Risk Rating

 

Selection of

Yes / No/ Not sure or somewhat

 

Consequence

Risk Rating

 

Hazardous Event

Likelihood

Risk Band

Likelihood and

Existing

Likelihood

Risk Band

 

Consequence

Control

   

Scores)

Measures

   

Contaminant enters to the network pipe line due to frequent pipe blasting

             

Not Sure

         

P,B.C

,M

3

4

12

M

Customer

complain

Purchase

standard pipes

or Some

what

2

4

8

M

D04

Distribution System

             

These tapping

           

Contaminant can enter to

Field visit and

are

Not Sure

03

the pipe line due to illegal tapping

P,B.C