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Functions of Art

Art serves many different functions, which are typically divided into personal, physical and
social functions, explains Art benefits individuals and groups in a variety of
different ways depending on the interplay between the individuals and the art and the type of
artwork itself. Understanding this context is an important part of developing a discussion of
the function of artwork in a society.

Some art has a direct and physical function. For example, some groups early in human
history decorated and designed their weapons and tools artistically. Because the artwork is
imposed directly onto a physical object with a specific function, these pieces of art have
physical functions. Another form of artwork with a physical function is the architecture and
design of buildings and other structures.

Social functions are some of the most common functions of art. These types of artwork are
intended to convey some sort of message, often of a religious or political nature. Satire is
another common form of socially functional art.

Personal functions are difficult to characterize. Because art can mean different things to
different people based on their personal life history and experiences, these personal functions
vary greatly. Two different people may receive vastly different personal functions from the
same piece of artwork.

That said, the functions of art normally fall into three categories. These are personal, social or
physical functions. These categories can, and (often) do, overlap in any given piece of art.

The Physical Functions of Art

The physical functions of art are often the easiest to understand. Works of art that are created
to perform some service have physical functions.

If you see a Fijian war club, you may assume that, however wonderful the craftsmanship may
be, it was created to perform the physical function of smashing skulls.

A Japanese raku bowl is art that performs a physical function in the tea ceremony.
Conversely, a fur-covered teacup from the Dada movement has no physical function.
Architecture, any of the crafts, and industrial design are all types of art that have physical

The Social Functions of Art

Art has a social function when it addresses aspects of (collective) life, as opposed to one
person's point of view or experience.

For example, public art in 1930s Germany had an overwhelming symbolic theme. Did this art
exert influence on the German population? Decidedly so, as did political and patriotic posters
in Allied countries during the same time.

Political art (skewed to whatever message) always carries a social function. The fur-covered
Dada teacup, useless for holding tea, carried a social function in that it protested World War I
(and nearly everything else in life).

Art that depicts social conditions performs social functions. The Realists figured this out early
in the 19th century. American photographer Dorothea Lange (1895–1965) and, indeed, many
other photographers often took pictures of people in conditions we'd rather not think about.

Additionally, satire performs social functions. Spanish painter Francisco Goya (1746–1828)
and English portrait artist William Hogarth (1697–1764) both went this route, with varying
degrees of success at enacting social change.

Sometimes having specific pieces of art in a community can perform the social function of
elevating that community's status. A stabile by American kinetic artist Alexander Calder
(1898–1976), for example, can be a community treasure and point of pride.

The Personal Functions of Art

The personal functions of art are often the most difficult to explain. There are many types of
personal function, and they are subjective and will, therefore, vary from person to person.

An artist may create out of a need for self-expression, or gratification. S/he might have
wanted to communicate a thought or point to the viewer. Perhaps the artist was trying to
provide an aesthetic experience, both for self and viewers. A piece might have been meant to
"merely" entertain others. Sometimes a piece isn't meant to have any meaning at all.

Recognize that this is intentionally vague. The above is a great example of how knowing the
artist can help one "cut to the chase" and assign functions.

On a slightly loftier plane, art may serve the personal functions of control. Art has been used
to attempt to exert magical control over time, or the seasons or even the acquisition of food.
Art is used to bring order to a messy and disorderly world. Conversely, art can be used to
create chaos when an artist feels life is too staid and ordinary. Art can also be therapeutic—
for both the artist and the viewer.

Yet another personal function of art is that of religious service (lots of examples for this, aren't
there?). Finally, sometimes art is used to assist us in maintaining ourselves as a species.
Biological functions would obviously include fertility symbols (in any culture), but there are
many ways we humans adorn ourselves in order to be attractive enough to, well, mate.

You, the viewer, are half of the equation in assigning a function to art. These personal
functions apply to you, as well as the artist. It all adds up to innumerable variables when
trying to figure out the personal functions of art. Stick with the most obvious and provide only
those details you know as factual.

In sum, try to remember four points when required to describe "the functions of art": (1)
context and (2) personal, (3) social and (4) physical functions. Good luck, and may your own
words flow freely!

Art serves many different functions, which are typically divided into personal, physical and
social functions, explains Art benefits individuals and groups in a variety of
different ways depending on the interplay between the individuals and the art and the type of
artwork itself. Understanding this context is an important part of developing a discussion of
the function of artwork in a society.

Some art has a direct and physical function. For example, some groups early in human
history decorated and designed their weapons and tools artistically. Because the artwork is
imposed directly onto a physical object with a specific function, these pieces of art have
physical functions. Another form of artwork with a physical function is the architecture and
design of buildings and other structures.

Social functions are some of the most common functions of art. These types of artwork are
intended to convey some sort of message, often of a religious or political nature. Satire is
another common form of socially functional art.

Personal functions are difficult to characterize. Because art can mean different things to
different people based on their personal life history and experiences, these personal functions
vary greatly. Two different people may receive vastly different personal functions from the
same piece of artwork.
C. Kinds of Subjects in Arts

Fine art includes many broad categories, such as painting, print, drawing, photography, craft,
design, performance art, mixed-media, sculpture, installation, and new media. Each category
includes various styles and classifications. For instance, some of the different styles within
the painting genre are realism, photo-realism, painterly, impressionism, expressionism,
abstraction and abstract.

Humans have been painting since the Upper Paleolithic Age using earth and plant extracts. Painting explains that painters today frequently used oil, acrylic, pastels,
watercolor and spray paints and techniques.

The mixed-media art form refers to work that uses a combination of materials. A mixed-media
piece might include paint, ink and collage. Famous Cubists, Picasso and Braque are known
to have used mixed-media. Artists like mixed-media because it allows them creative freedom.

Installations describe an artwork of any form or size that exists in a space. The space does
not have to be a gallery. Installations are three-dimensional and can be made up of a variety
of materials. The space is part of the art, not only the artwork that is displayed.

The term subjects in art refers to the main idea that is represented in the artwork. The
subject in art is basically the essence of the piece. To determine subject matter in a
particular piece of art, ask yourself: What is actually depicted in this artwork? What is the
artist trying to express to the world... what is his or her message? And how are they
conveying that message?

In this section, we will discover about 6 main subjects that artists have been exploring in
art for centuries:

 Still life- a collection of inanimate objects arranged together in a specific way

 Landscape - natural scenery such as mountains, cliffs, rivers, etc.

 Nature - a focused view or interpretation of specific natural elements

 Portraiture - an image of a particular person or animal, or group thereof

 Abstract - a non-representational work of art

 Day of the dead - a Mexican holiday with a vibrant artistic tradition

Click on a subject matter above to read an in-depth description and see examples of
artwork focusing on that subject. You will also find a depiction of what
specific mediums can achieve within that subject matter.

If you want to paint or draw, but you need some ideas and inspiration, remember
that subjects in art can be anything you want them to be - whatever your imagination
conjures up. The most important thing is to choose a subject matter that interests you -
something that you can happily immerse yourself in while working on your piece .

 Sample of Artworks

Still Life Landscape

Nature Abstract

Day of the Dead

D. Artists and Artisans

The words artist and artisan are often very confusing for most people although there is a key
difference between the two words. An artist is a person who performs any of the creative arts.
This can range from painting to music. An artisan, on the other hand, is a skilled worker who
makes things by hand. The mere definition of the two words can be rather confusing because
both involve the creation of something. The key difference is that while the product or output of
an artisan has a clear functional value, this may not be the cased for an artist. The output can
be an expression of the beauty of art itself without having any functional value. Through this
article, let us examine the differences between an artist and an artisan.

Who is an Artist?

An artist is a person who performs any of the creative arts. This captures all forms of art. For
an example, a person who paints can be referred to as an artist. In the modern world, the term
artist is also used for musicians as well. This is why people often tend to hear the words ‘young
artist,’ through media to refer to emerging musicians. Here it is important to highlight that the
term artist is not only attributed for those who create art as an occupation, but also for those
who are skilled in a particular activity such as drawing, designing, composing, etc.

The specialty of an artist is that he is able to create art for the sake of art itself without needing
any ulterior motives. Some artists create their works of art for the satisfaction of the society in
which they live. In this case, they have to confine to the societal demands and limitations.
However, there are also others who go beyond the social restrictions and create art for the
pleasure of creating. It is believed that through art the artist can create a change in society.
This is because art appeals to all senses of people.

Who is an Artisan?

An artisan is a skilled worker who makes things by hand. This includes various objects ranging
from jewelry to furniture. An artisan should not be confused with an artist because there is a
clear difference in the things that they create. An artisan is able to produce something that has
a functional value; although it should not be limited to its use value alone. However, it must be
stressed that there are cases where the objects created by an artisan has only decorative value.

Most artisans have the skill of adding aesthetic value to the objects that they create. This
transcends the object from a mere object of utility. This is why most handmade objects are
much more expensive than mass-produced objects.

What is the difference between Artist and Artisan?

Definitions of Artist and Artisan:

Artist: An artist is a person who performs any of the creative arts.
Artisan: An artisan is a skilled worker who makes things by hand.

Characteristics of Artist and Artisan:

Artistic Value:

Artist: The object has a clear artistic value.

Artisan: The object has an artistic value.

Functional Value:

Artist: The object has no functional value.

Artisan: The object has a functional value.


Artist: The object has a lot of aesthetic value and is appreciated for this quality as it pleases
the individual.

Artisan: The object though utilitarian has certain aesthetic attributes to it.

Artists and artisans work in the same field, but produce different products. This article focuses
on the differences in these two artistic jobs and some career information on both.

Responsibilities of Artists vs. Artisans

Artists and artisans articulate a vision through their art or craft. Fine artists work with paint,
watercolor, pen and ink, or illustrations, while artisans craft work like jewelry, glasswork,
pottery or other functional products. Artists focus on creating aesthetically pleasing works,
while artisans' work focuses on accessorizing and functionality more than aesthetics. The
work of artists tends to be shown in museums or galleries, while artisans sell their crafts at
fairs and shops.

All fine artists first learn to sketch, and begin with a pencil and sketchpad to work with an idea
on paper. Artists transfer their visions to canvases or other medium, and this may mean
working in oil, watercolor or pastels. Sculptors take their sketches and create 3D products
from clay, marble or other material. Illustrators might work for a publishing or animation
company, or create original comic books. All artists' work aims to create an overall reaction
from a viewer.
Job responsibilities of an Artist include:

 Developing ideas for a canvas or product

 Selecting a medium for a final work, including texture, size, or area
 Collecting work for a portfolio
 Applying for grants for financial support

Artisans are craftsmen who make practical artistic products, such as earrings, urns, stained
glass and other accessories. Artisans gain their knowledge by studying under master
craftsmen and then practicing with continued study. Artisans work to create something new,
original, and at times, provocative. They spend a good portion of their time selling and
promoting their items in various marketplaces.
Job responsibilities of an Artisan include:

 Using and mixing mediums like paint, metal, glass, or fabric

 Shaping, gluing, sewing, testing and producing products
 Displaying work at various sites including auctions, craft shows or online markets
 Estimating costs and material needs
 An artisan is essentially a manual worker who makes items with his or her hands, and
who through skill, experience and talent can create things of great beauty as well as
being functional.
 Before the industrial revolution virtually everything was made by artisans, from smiths
(goldsmiths, blacksmiths, locksmiths, gunsmiths) to weavers, dyers carpenters,
potters, etc.
 An artist on the other hand is dedicated only to the creative side, making visually
pleasing work only for the enjoyment and appreciation of the viewer, but with no
functional value.
 In Bali this distinction is often very blurred since many farmers paint, many sculptors
farm or have other jobs. Most walls are carved, most houses have decorative motifs.
Art is everywhere. To the Balinese the act of creation of beautiful things is second
nature. All the ladies of a village will make the amazing decorations for temples, and
the elaborate offerings, thinking nothing of spending three days making things which
will be only used for a few hours.
 In western society it would be very unusual to expect such talent to be exercised
throughout society. Enjoy these marvelous skills while you are here – and perhaps
take home some art or artifacts with you as a reminder. If you know the difference!
 This is what separates Bali from the rest of the industrial world. It’s a place where the
‘Artistic License’ has not been separated from the Artisan. Talent is practiced across
society on a daily basis. It provides an age-old connection to historical purpose
through a plethora of cultural traditions.
E. Assumptions of Arts

The assumption of art? That there is a rare entity called an artist!

Before the Renaissance, and Vasari in particular, painters, and sculptors were artisans;
craftspeople. They were highly skilled but, nonetheless, that was all that it was; skill, learned
over many years, standing on the shoulders of giants.

Then came the Renaissance and suddenly there is ‘the artist’; somebody, according to the
prevailing culture at the time, touched by the hand of God. We have been swallowing that
same delusion, in one form or another, atheist and believer alike, ever since!

Art is not created by artists; artists create art. There is a subtle distinction between those two
phrases; without the concept of ‘the artist’, art cannot exist.

Jorge Luis Borges once observed that ‘art’ (he was speaking of literature) is an equal
partnership between the ‘artist’ and the ‘one who observes’; each supplies one half. I would
argue that the audience provides 100% of the equation, largely dependent on their

The Art of Assumption

Leave a Comment / Articles / by jtap2
Whether you know it or not there is an art of assumption. I remember my first lesson in this
art form I got was from watching “The New Odd Couple” with Demond Wilson aka Lamont
Sanford and Ron Glass. This was an 80’s sitcom that lasted only one season but gave me
one of my very first adult lessons. I was eight years old at the time. There was a scene where
Ron Glass plays a lawyer in court and he is giving closing arguments and he describes what
happens when you ASSUME, how, in essence you make an “ASS” out of “U” and “ME”. It
was deep on many levels, that always stuck with me as an example of how powerful
assumptions are.
Make no mistake about it there is an art of assumption, especially when it comes to intimate
relationships and it is violated in the most egregious manner daily. The Art of Assumption
when it comes to relationships and titles is one of the most controversial topics among men
and women. And it is a controversial topic for a lot of people because of the stereotypical
gender roles it brings to the forefront and the struggle for clarity in the dark and murky waters
of relationships. It brings the pre-disposed concepts of how each role is “supposed to act” out
their role in the relationship. When does the relationship start and when do titles come into
play. What is the timeline? Is there a timeline? Does sex automatically put the title in place?

Women need titles and men are indifferent as a whole to the issue until it is too late. The
natural law of assumption is that when two people date and/or have sex they are
boy/girlfriend, right? We as a culture have adopted so-called natural assumptions when it
comes down to relationships and one of those assumptions is that there must be a well define
title for both parties involved. We need the name brand to define us because it is the brand
that secures our social and personal status. This is the nasty truth for a lot of us. It is the
brand name that for some reason enhances the quality and texture; which enhances the
worth and even the self-worth of the owner. It is a symbol of opulence and status in society,
but at the same time negating the true value. When it is all said and done the reality is that it
is all made in China anyway.

Our relationship norms have become relationship policies and the first policy dictates that
give a nomenclature to your involvement with one another. You have to know which direction
you’re going, right? We live in a world were the words boy/girlfriend or spouse must to
immediately follow their names after the introduction to friends/or colleagues commences or
consequences ensue.

We assume that titles go along with the territory in relationships, but many of us have been
someone’s boy/girlfriend for period of time and did not even know it. Many of us are in
relationships and do not know even as you read these words right now. The Art of
Assumption dictates that the insinuated and the unspoken become the basis of any
relationship, because “you’re just supposed to know you’re my man or woman I am not
supposed to tell you-right”?

Our roles in relationships change and as the responsibilities in the relationship increase our
personal stake does as well. As we establish a more dynamic role in the relationship it
becomes more personal, we become vested in the situation because we have more to be
accountable for it. As the titles evolve from casual to formal people personalize the feelings,
safety and progression of that other person involved. Great! That’s what women are thinking.
Not all men think in those terms they are open with the whole title manifesto that leaves room
for interpretation so they can have their escape clause to get out. This is why men feast off
what women do not say.

Note that the above statements work both ways. In these days and times women crave to
have the same autonomic liberties as men when it comes to relationships. Women want the
option to personalize their relationship or not to. What a shocking and surprising revelation for
a woman or man to be introduced as someone’s boy/girlfriend or even fiancée especially
when the two have not even discussed it. It can also backfire and reveal the true nature of
your relationship. And for a lot of couples that is the last thing they want to happen because
confrontation follows suit.

The Art of Assumption is the perfect tool for people who are vested in a relationship who want
to magically create the terms and conditions all without opening your mouth. We assume
because we have been dating for a while that…. We assume that because I met his/her
parents and friends that….. We naturally assume that because we had sex that…. Or we
assume that because I have spent this amount of money that…
A person that is skill in using the Art of Assumption can create a relationship in their heads so
fantastic that the person they are dating will actually believe that they themselves took part in
proposing, negotiating terms and agreeing to all titles, deeds and claims. The Art of
Assumption does the work for you.

To label or not to label, that is the question. We live now for the right to label title or define our
relationships as we see fit, we just need to let the other person in on the news updates when
they happen. At the end of the day, it is the ultimate self- deception to think that titles mean
anything more than ceremonial tradition and outdated norms. They do not guarantee a
lock. It is the work together that validates purpose not titles and not assumption but
ownership of the verb that is real L.O.V.E. In this way you won’t make an ASS out of U or ME

It is the Art of Assumption that gives you the excuse and right to be assertive in claiming your
mate without their knowledge or consent. I mean who in the hell wants to be rejected in front
of the person they are attaching the title to, so why ask them, hence the secret proclamation
and then the public declaration.

Assumptions of Art


Literature has provided key words of art.

 lliad and the Odyssey are the two Greek Epics that one’s being taught in school.
 The Sanskrit pieces Mahabharata and Ramanaya are also staples in this fields.

In every country and in every generation, there is always art. Often times, people feel that
what is considered artistic are only those which have been made long time ago. This is a
misconception. Age is not a factor in determining art. “An art is not good because it is old, but
old because it is good” (Dudley et al., 1960)

In the Philippines, the works of Jose Rizal and Francisco Balagtas are not being read
because they are old.
Florante at Laura never fails to teach high school students the beauty of love, one that is
universal and pure.

Ibong Adarna, another Filipino masterpiece, has always captured the imagination of the
young with its timeless lessons.

When we recite the Psalms, we feel in communion with King David as we feel one with him in
his conversation with God.

When we listen to a Kundiman or perform folk dances, we still enjoy the way our Filipino
ancestors while away their time in the past.


In the Philippines, it is not entirely novel to hear some consumers of local movies remark that
these movies produced locally are unrealistic. They contend that local movies work around
certain formula to the detriment of substance and faithfulness to reality of movies.

Paul Cezanne, a French painted a scene from reality entitled well and Grinding Wheel in the
Forest of the Chateau Noir.


Getting this far without a satisfactory definition of art can be quite weird for some. For most
people, art does not require a full definition. Art is just experience. By experience, we mean
the “actual doing of something”(Dudley et al., 1960) and it also affirmed that art depends on
experience, and if one is to know art, he must know it not as fact or information but as an

A work of an art then cannot be abstracted from actual doing. In order to know what an
artworks, we have to sense it, see and hear it.
A. Significant concepts and general overview of the course

- meaning, importance of the scope of arts and the artist

The Meaning, Importance and Scope of Humanities

The word humanities come from the Latin humanus, which means human, cultured

and refined. To be human is to have or show qualities like rationality, kindness and

tenderness. It has different connotations in different historical eras. Today, however, we

know of humanities as a loosely defined group of cultural subject areas. Unlike other

subjects, it is not a group of scientific or technical subjects. Thus, the term humanities

refer to the arts – the visual arts such as architecture, painting and sculpture; music,

dance, the theater or drama and literature. They are the branches of learning concerned

with human thought, feelings and relations. The importance of the human being and his

feelings and how he expresses those feelings have always been the concern of the


Art is very important in our lives. It constitutes one of the oldest and most

important means of expression developed by man. Wherever men have lived together,

art has sprung up among them as a language charged with feeling and significance. The

desire to create this language appears to be universal. As a cultural force, it is pervasive

and potent. It shows itself even in primitive societies.

Art, like love, is not easy to define. It concerns itself with the communication of

certain ideas and feelings by means of a sensuous medium – color, sound, bronze,

marble, words and film. This medium is fashioned into a symbolic language marked by
beauty of design and coherence of form, it appeals to our minds, arouses our emotions,

kindles our imagination and enchants our senses. (Machlis 1963).

In every age or country, there is always art. Wherever we go, whether it is a city

or a province, here or abroad, we surely have to pass buildings of various sorts – houses,

schools, churches, stores and others. Some of them appear attractive and inviting; some

do not. We look at some of them with awe or admiration. In viewing all these buildings,

however, we are being concerned with architecture which is one of the oldest and most

important of the many areas of art.

The art that we perceive through our eyes is called the visual art, and architecture

is one part of it. Visual arts involve not only painting and sculpture but include such things

as clothes, household appliances, and the furnishings of our homes, schools, churches

and other buildings. Through the ideas selected by painters and sculptors and the forms

they create, they express the ideals, the hopes, and the fears of the times in which they


Visual arts include much more than painting, sculpture and architecture. Out of

the many common things we use in our daily lives, we derive real pleasure. A chair, for

example, can be beautiful as well as comfortable. A great range of objects can be

included in the visual arts, from the purely useful products at one extreme to those that

were designed only for their aesthetic appeal on the other. A similar range exists in all

other fields of art. Because of this range, we are surrounded by art in all the things we
see, hear, do or use. The aesthetic aspects of any work – a painting, song, story, dance,

or play – are what make it art. Aesthetic refers to the forms and psychological forms of


Another form of the more important arts is music. This is the art of combining and

regulating sounds of varying pitch to produce compositions expressing various ideas and

emotions. Its primary function is to entertain. Thus, when sounds are not regulated or

when a piece of music is played improperly or in full blast, as in the case of unregulated

stereo, it ceases to give pleasure or it fails in its purpose. Music is one of the great arts of

our civilization, along with literature, painting, sculpture, architecture and dance. As an

art, it bases is appeal on the sensuous beauty of musical sounds.

Like the other arts, music deals with emotions. It being a “pure art” enables it to

convey emotions with great intensity and can affect people directly. It is a broad and

varied field, serving various moods and occasions. Great music especially, radiates

infectious joy. Many who are receptive to great music find it exhilarating.

If we tune into a musical program on the radio, or sing a song with others, we are

having contact with music. The radio or television program may consist of a soloist or a

singing group of musicians in a small band or a large orchestra. The song we sing may

be a tune which is popular now but may possibly be forgotten later. It may be a selection

which has been sung or played for several decades.

Dance is another form of art that is common to man even during the earliest times. It is

the most direct of the arts for it makes use of the human body as its medium. It springs

from man’s love for expressive gestures, his release of tension through rhythmic

movement. Dance heightens the pleasure of being, and at the same time mirrors the life

of society.

Dance of the olden times is different from that of the present time; the dance of the

barrio folds is different from the dances in the city. Primitive and non-primitive

dances: The Ifugao dance to celebrate the victory of the warriors after a fight with their

enemies. Likewise, the Bagobos, dance to show gratitude to the spirits “for success in

war or domestic affair.” The Indians dance to give thanks for a harvest; the Mexicans

dance to celebrate a religious festival; teenagers dance at parties; both young and old go

to disco bars; and children everywhere dance because it is pleasurable to express

happiness through bodily movements. In its expressive aspects, dance is uniquely able to

intensify moods and emotions and to deepen and dignify the feelings of us all (Compton’s

Encyclopedia 1974).

The area of the theater or drama is another of the important arts. Dramatic

activities are usually part of every school and community program. Classes dramatize the

events they are studying; clubs, organizations and institutions stage plays. Going to the

theater to see a play is a wonderful experience. The play may be a comedy, tragedy,

mystery, musical or melodrama. In any of them, a group of people act out the plot to get

across to the audience the idea the author is trying to express.

Essentially, the stage is a place for re-enacting the joys and problems of life, a

place where the playwright strips life of nonessentials and deals with basic and important

issues. The spectators get involved in these situations and thus gain greater insight into

human motives and passions.

The motion picture is a popular addition to the various forms of the

theater. Through it, a great number of people are able to see dramatic performances

every day. The radio makes drama available for the auditory sense and the

imagination. The television, too, brings the art of the drama to many people. Theatrical

productions, including motion pictures and television, combine art forms.

The play itself is a form of literature. Scenery and costume provide the visual arts,

and music serve as a background to set the mood or to serve as part of the

plot. The opera is a drama set to music. Thus, it is a form of the theater. In many

musical shows, dancers are also important performers. The theater, therefore, combines

several of the arts.

It is also necessary that we distinguish between art and nature for they are

fundamentally different. We may be impressed by the majesty of the perfect cone of

Mayon Volcano, the awesome beauty of Pagsanjan Falls or the sunset at Manila Bay and

thus, react to the wonders of nature. No matter how close art is to nature, however, art

always shows that it is man-made. It is an interpretation of nature and of life.


A. Significant concepts and general overview of the course

- meaning, importance of the scope of arts and the artist

- the work of the creative artist


B. Functions of Art

C. Kinds of subject in Arts

Creative arts – fine art, design, performing arts, and media studies Despite perceptions that the creative

industries are difficult for graduates to get started in, the largest proportion of design, media studies and

performing arts graduates are working in the UK as arts, design and media professionals. A quarter of fine art

graduates also work in this field. This is a buoyant sector; the latest statistics available show that total

employment in the creative industries increased by 5.5% between 2013 and 2014, to 1.8 million jobs.

However, since career entry into the creative industries is not clearly structured, many graduates can take time

to establish themselves. It is also more common for workers to combine multiple roles into a ‘portfolio

career’4. This is reflected in the fact that all of these subjects’ graduates, apart from languages, have a higher

percentage of graduates working part-time in the UK compared to all graduates (12.9%). Particularly in their

early career, graduates typically take on a variety of roles in service industries to supplement their creative

practice and maintain a viable income. These graduates are more likely to be working in retail, catering,

waiting and bar staff, compared to 11.1% of all graduates.