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Antonio Pigafetta – The First Voyage Around the World

Emilio Jacinto – Kartilya ng Katipunan, “Utak ng Katipunan”

Juan de Plasencia – The Customs of the Tagalogs, Doctrina Christiana, Introduction of Reduccion
Policy

Emilio Aguinaldo – Mga Gunita ng Himagsikan

Santiago Alvarez – Katipunan and the Revolution: Memoirs of a General

Mariano Alvarez – Leader of the Magdiwang faction of Katipunan in Cavite

Baldomero Aguinaldo – Leader of the Magdalo faction of Katipunan in Cavite

Andres Bonifacio – The Supremo of Katipunan, Dekalogo, “Ama ng Rebolusyon /Himagsikan”

Emilio Aguinaldo – The first president of the Philippine Republic

Apolinario Mabini – “Utak ng Rebolusyon/Himagsikan”

Daniel Tirona – Insulted Bonifacio during the Tejeros Convention

Ambrosio Rianzares Bautista – Declaration of Philippine Independence, Miyembro ng mga ilang


“Patriotic Association”

Fernando Amorsolo and Juan Luna – Artworks/Paintings

Juan Luna Artworks (The Parisian Life, Spoliarium, Espana y Filipinas)

Fernando Amorsolo Artworks (Defense of a Filipina Woman’s Honor, Dalagang Bukid, The Bombing
of the Intendencia)

Alfredo Roces and Alfred W. McCoy – PHILIPPINE CARTOONS (Political Caricature of the American
Era 1900-1941)

Alfredo Roces – The Filipino Caricaturist as Historian

Alfred W. McCoy – Images of a Changing Nation, The Cartoons (Manila: The Corruption of a City,
The Distant Provinces, The Colonial Condition, Uncle Sam and Little Juan, The Aliens in Our Midst,
The Political Pageant, An Emerging Nation)

Commission on Independence – Filipino Grievances against General Wood

Woodrow Wilson – siya ang nag-apruba ng Jones Law

Francis B. Harrison – siya ang itinalaga ni Pangulong Woodrow Wilson bilang Gobernador-Heneral
noong 1913.

Gobernador-Heneral Wood at William Cameron Forbes – ang itinalaga ni Pangulong Harding


noong Marso 1921.

Wood-Forbes Mission - Dumating sina Gobernador-Heneral Wood at William Forbes sa Maynila


noong Mayo 1921 upang maglaan ng apat na buwan upang mag-imbistiga kung kaya nabang
tumayo ng mga Pilipino sa sarili nilang mga paa. Ipinahayag nila kay Harding na ayon sa kanilang
pag iimbistiga na hindi pa kaya ng mga Pilipino ang maging malaya na walang tatanggap na
tulong galing sa Amerika.
Filipino Grievances against General Wood – Ito ay naglalaman ng isang “pettition letter“ na nag
papakita ng protesta ng Pilipino laban kay Gobernador-Heneral Wood

Ray Conley – isang imbestigador na amerikano sa Manila Police Department at tinanggal siya
posisyon dahil sa kasong panunuhol.

Cabinet Crisis – isa sa mga kontrobersyal na kaso tungkol kay Ray Conley

The famous footnote in Kartilya says “that Tagalog means all those born in this Archipelago”

It is said that Kartilya is influenced by “Enlightenment” principles. (Liberty, Equality, Fraternity)

The first and foremost commandment in KKK: Love your country and help one another

The teachings of Katipunan is can be found in Kartilya

NOT part of the objectives of KKK: To give mutual protection in every want and necessity

The purpose of writing the Kartilya was: to guide those who wants to join the Katipunan

“Namamangka sa dalawang ilog”: He’s serving both the Spanish government and the Katipunan.

The eight rays in our flag represents the: eight provinces put under martial law when the revolution broke out.

Filipino customs show sincerity in our treatises?: Sanduguan

The first voyage of the world is credited to the exploration of a Portuguese explorer named Magellan.

Emilio Aguinaldo – was a Capitan Municipal before the revolution broke out.

Pre-hispanic Filipino women were not oppressed and marginalized.

Women enjoyed the right to be equal to men.

Women could hold any political position.

Women are not more powerful than men.

The pre-hispanic Tagalogs have many commonalities in terms of politics and governance, economy and
traditions.

Pre-hispanic barangay could be considered as a modern sovereign state.

Pre-hispanic barangay is not ruled by a cabeza de barangay.

Pre-hispanic barangay is a well organized independent village.

Aliping Saguiguilid lived in their master’s house.

Filipino had no justice system during the pre-hispanic period.

Aliping Saguiguilid could not marry without their master’s consent.

Catalonan could be a man or a woman

Aliping namamahay could not be sold anytime.