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Read the following passage carefully, choose the item (A, B, C, or D) that best answer each of the

questions about it.


Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course
which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American
universities the total work for a degree consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while
attending university a student will probably attend two terms each year. It is possible to spread to period
of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one
university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice.
For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is useful
for the student to show to coming employers. Most of the students feel the pressure of work, but in spite
of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. The students are interested in
elections to positions in student organization. The effective work of keeping orders is usually performed
by students who advise the university authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules,
for example, by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the large numbers of students, the
operation of the system includes a certain amount of activity. A student who has held one of these
positions is much respected and it will be of importance to him later in his career.
1. According to the first paragraph an American is allowed .
A. to live in a different university
B. to take a particular course in a different university
C. to get two degree from two different university
D. to study at home
2. Which of the following is useful for students’ future career?
A. an attendance record B. a military record
C. an academic record D. a disciplinary record
3. American university students are usually under pressure of work because .
A. their university performance will affect their future careers
B. they are heavily involved in students affairs
C. they have to observe strict university regulations
D. they are interested in running for positions in student organizations
4. According to the last two sentences it’s important .
A. to take part in student organizations
B. to hold a position in student organizations
C. to be respected by members of student organizations
D. to run a student organization

Read the passage and fill in the gaps


What sort of job should you look for? Much depends (1)__ your long-term aim. You need to ask
(2) whether you want to specialize in a particular field, work your (3) up to higher levels of
responsibility or (4) of your current employment into a broader field.
This job will be studied very carefully when you send your letter of (5) for your next job. It
should show evidence of serious career planning. (6) important, it should extend you, develop you and
give you increasing responsibility. Incidentally, if the travel bug is biting, now is the time to pack up and
go. You can do temporary work for a while; when you return, pick up where you have left off and get the
second job.
1. A. for B. on C. of D. with
2. A. you B. yours C. oneself D. yourself
3. A. path B. road C. way D. street
4. A. out B. off C. into D. over
5. A. applicants B. application C. form D. employment
6. A. Less B. Even C. Almost D. Most

Read the passage and fill in the gaps


Families in the Western world ..(1)..greatly during the last two centuries. Social scientists say that
this change in the family is one of the important changes from a..(2)..society to a modern society.
Before the 19 th century ,families usually arranged marriages for their children. Young people did
not decide who they wanted…(3)….marry. After they got married ,they usually had a lot of children.
Today many parents …(4)…that they should have fewer children so they could give each one a
good life. It is…(5)…..for a mother and a father to spend as much time as possible with their children.
Home is a safe ,warm place for all the family members.

1. a. changes b. changed c. has changed d. have changed


2. a. tradition b. traditional c. traditionally d. traditionalise
3. a. to b. with c. for d. from
4. a. thinks b. declares c. think d. declare.
5. a. important b. popular c. interesting d. unimportant

Read the passage and fill in the gaps


When eating, most Americans hold a fork in the ____(1)____ with which they write. Americans eat
away from home often, and usually they pay for their own meals when dining with friends.
When Americans greet one another they often exchange a firm ___(2)____ . They may greet
strangers on the street by saying “Hello” or “____(3)____”. Friends often greet each other with “How
are you?” and respond “____(4)____”. Americans do not really expect any other answer to the question
“How are you?” because it is a way of ____(5)____. Except in formal situations, people speak to each
other by their given names once they are acquainted.

1. A. head B. mind C. notebook D. hand


2. A. adventure B. handshake C. militant D. occasion
3. A. Goodbye B. Good morning C. Not bad, thanks D. Take care
4. A. Bye B. So long C. No smoking D. Fine, thanks
5. A. having dinner B. shaking hands C. saying hello D. saying goodbye

Read the passage and fill in the gaps


Why do people drive on the left in ……(1)…… and on the right in other countries ?
The reason for this goes back to the days when people traveled by horse. Most people are ……(2)
……, and thus the left is the natural side to drive on if you are on horseback and need right hand to ……
(3)…… the sword in case of trouble. So why didn’t the rest of the world do the same ? Because of
Napoleon Bonaparte. He insisted that his armies travel on the right, and as he ……(4)…… through
Europe, he imposed this rule wherever he went.
The question suggests that only the British drive on the left, but in fact, out of 178 countries in the
world, ……(5)…… are about 50 that drive on the left, including Japan. However, most of them are
former British colonies.
1. A. France B. English C. American D. Britain
2. A. left-handed B. right-handed C. sensible D. trusted
3. A. slash B. thrust C. ride D. hold
4. A. conquered B. visited C. decreed D. dated back to
5.A. they B. those C. there D. here
Fill each of the numbered blanks in the following passage with suitable words:
It’s quite rare to meet teenagers who don’t like sports. When you are young, you know how
important (1) __________ to do physical exercise if you want to be healthy and strong, and for that
reason you often concentrate on just one sport with so (2) _________ enthusiasm that in the end you
can’t live without it. The problem is, though, that as you grow up you have less and less spare time. At
your age you have to study harder if you want to get good marks to go to university, with perhaps only
one afternoon a week to do any sport. This happens just when you are at the best (3) _________ for
many sports, such as gymnastics and swimming. By the time you finish all your studies you will
probably be too old to be really good at sports like those, but if you spend enough time on (4)
_________ while you are young, then one day you will find that you are very good at your sport but too
old to study, and you will find it (5) _________ to get a good job. Somehow, it doesn’t seem fair.
1. A. this is B. you are C. it is D. things are
2. A. keen B. many C. great D. much
3. A. stage B. age C. period D. time
4. A. training B. practice C. exercise D. sporting
5. A. impractical B. unlikely C. improbable D. impossible

Read the passage and choose the best answer


Wild animals (and wild plants) and the wild places where they live are seriously threatened almost
everywhere. One species has become extinct in each year of this century. But many hundreds are now in
danger. Lack of attention would lead to the rapid advance of the process of extinction.
Already many kinds of wild animals has been so reduced in number that their role in the ecosystem is
forgotten. Animals like the great apes, the whales, seals etc. thought to be in danger of extinction.
But even more important, perhaps than individual kinds of animals and plants, whole habitats are
in danger of vanishing: marshes are being drained, and the world forests, especially tropical forests are
being cut down to satisfy man’s needs of timber and paper.
What would our world be like if all the wild animals and wild plants vanished?- Would our life still exist
then?
1. What would happen to the human beings if the wild life vanished?
A. Many species would quickly become extinct.
B. The human life would be seriously threatened.
C. Species would go on dying out.
D. Tropical forests would be cut down.
2. What is more important than individual kinds of animals and plants?
A. the vanishing of whole habitats.
B. the extinction of many species.
C. the rapid advance of the process of extinction.
D. man’s need of timber and paper.
3. What does the writer caution us against?
A. cutting down the tropical forests.
B. hunting wild animals.
C. draining marshes.
D. destroying our environment.
4. What would happen if we cut down forests?
Cutting down forests would cause ……………..
A. the changes of temperature. B. the flood
C. both A and B are correct. D. none are correct.
5. “To threaten” in the passage means …………..
A. to pollute B. to give fear to
C. to vanish D. to poison
Read the passage and choose the best answer
The nuclear family, consisting of a mother, father, and their children, may be more an American
ideal than an American reality. Of course, the so-called traditional American family was always more
varied than we had been led to believe, reflecting the very different racial, ethnic, class, and religious
customs among American groups. The most recent government statistics reveal that only about one third
of all current American families fit the traditional mold and another third consists of married couples
who either have no children or have none still living at home. Of the final one, about 20 percent of the
total number of American households are single people, usually women over sixty-five years old. A
small percentage, about 3 percent of the total, consists of unmarried people who choose to live together,
and the rest, about 7 percent, are single, usually divorced parents, with at least one child. Today, these
varied family types are typical, and therefore, normal. Apparently, many Americans are achieving
supportive relationships in family forms other than the traditional one.

1. With what topic is the passage mainly concerned ?


A. The traditional American family. B. The nuclear family.
C. The current American family. D. The ideal family.
2. The author implies that ………………………….
A. there have always been a wider variety of family arrangements in the United States.
B. racial, ethnic, and religious groups have presented the traditional family structure.
C. the ideal American family in the best structure.
D. fewer married couples are having children.
3. The word “current” in the fourth sentence could be best replaced by which of the following ?
A. typical B. present C. perfect D. traditional
4. According to the passage, married couples whose children have grown or who have no children
represent ……………………..
A. 33 percent of households. B. 20 percent of households.
C. 7 percent of households. D. 3 percent of households.
5. Who generally constitutes a one-person household ?
A. A single man in his twenties. B. A elderly man.
C. A single woman in her late sixties. D. A divorced woman.

Read the passage and choose the best answer


Like schools in Britain and other English speaking countries, those in the US have also always
stressed “character” or “social” “skills” through extracular activities, including organized sports.
Because most schools start at around 8 o’clock every morning and classes often do not finish until 3 or 4
o’clock in the afternoon, such activities mean that many students do not return home until the early
evening. There is usually a very broad range of extracurricular activities available. Most schools, for
instance, publish their own student newspapers, and some have their own radio stations. Almost all have
student orchestras, bands, and choirs.
Many different sports are also available and most schools share their facilities- swimming pools,
tennis courts, tracks, and stadiums-with the public. Often the students themselves organize and support
school activities and raise money through car washes, baby-sitting, or by moving lawns. Parents and
local business often also help a group that, for example, has a chance to go to a state music competition,
to compete in some sports championship, or take a camping trip. Such activities not only give pupils a
chance to be together outside of normal classes, they also help develop a feeling of “school spirit”
among the students and in the community .
1. How many hours do the children stay at school a day ?
A. eight B. seven C. six D. four
2. Which extracurricular school activities are not mentioned ?
A. writing newspapers B. singing in a choir C. helping old people D. working in a radio station
3. Which sports facilities are not mentioned in the text ?
A. swimming pools B. tennis courts C. playground D. stadiums
4. What do the students do to support school activities ?
A. look after a baby B. repair cars C. sell lawn movers D. sell newspapers
5. Which activities are not helped by parents and local business ?
A. performing at a state music competition
B. working in a TV station
C. playing in a sport competition
D. having a camping trip

Fill each of the numbered blanks in the following passage with suitable words:
The Open University was created in 1968 to (0) ___________ people who cannot afford to (1)
__________ regular courses of study, the opportunity of studying and (2) _________ a university
diploma or degree. They study at home and their academic performance is assessed by (3) __________
of written examinations or project work. Most Open University students (4) __________ in study while
also holding down a job or coping with a busy home life. They study in order to update their job skills or
for personal (5) __________.
At the heart of most courses is a (6) ___________ of specially written and professionally printed
textbooks and workbooks which students receive by post. On many of the courses, students are (7)
__________ to watch television programmes on the BBC network, which are usually broadcast in the
(8) ___________ hours of the morning. The (9) _________ of these
programmes is to develop and broaden the study experience, so that students do not have to (10)
__________ only on the printed material they are sent.
Students are (11) __________ with all the notes and books they need and, in (12) __________,
some courses also include audio and video cassettes and computer software. However, studying at the
Open University can be a (13) __________ because students have few opportunities to (14)
___________ each other. That is why the University encourages students to set (15) ____________ and
run informal study groups themselves.
1. A. present B. assist C. attend D. apply
2. A. managing B. claiming C. reaching D. obtaining
3. A. method B. means C. route D. system
4. A. fit B. take C. put D. join
5. A. delight B. satisfaction C. joy D. challenge
6. A. unit B. club C. set D. heap
7. A. expected B. needed C. hoped D. considered
8. A. first B. initial C. starting D. early
9. A. cause B. reason C. end D. aim
10. A. rely B. believe C. trust D. confide
11. A. given B. provided C. posted D. handed
12. A. addition B. particular C. advance D. return
13. A. fight B. struggle C. battle D. pressure
14. A. introduce B. know C. meet D. speak
15. A. out B. in C. up D. off

Fill each of the numbered blanks in the following passage with suitable words:
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international (1) _____- governmental organization
for the (2) _____, research, and restoration of the environment. The organization was (3) _____ as a
charitable trust on September 11, 1961, in Morges, Switzerland, under the name World Wildlife Fund. It
was an initiative of Julian Huxley and Max Nicholson.
It is the world's largest independent conservation organization with over 5 million (4) _____
worldwide, working in more (5) _____ 90 countries, supporting 100 conservation and environmental
projects around the world. It is a charity, with (6) ____ 9% of its funding coming from voluntary. (7) ___
by private individuals and businesses.
The group says its mission is "to halt and reverse the (8) _____ of our environment". Currently,
much of its work focuses on the conservation of three biomes that contain most of the world's
biodiversity: forests, freshwater ecosystems, and oceans and coasts. Among other issues, it is also
concerned (9) _____ endangered species, pollution, and climate change. The organization (10) ____
more than 20 field projects worldwide. In the last few years, the organization set up offices and
operations around the world

1. a. non b. not c. no d. nor


2. a. challenge b. keeping c. conservation d. awareness
3. a. produced b. discovered c. used d. formed
4. a. supporters b. residents c. inhabitants d. citizens
5. a. as b. than c. to d. as to
6. a. generally b. individually c. commercially d. approximately
7. a. deposits b. donations c. refunds d. loans
8. a. destroy b. destructive c. destruction d. destroyed
9. a. on b. by c. with d. upon
10. a. goes b. walks c. reaches d. runs

Fill each of the numbered blanks in the following passage with suitable words:
Rowing is a sport in which athletes race' against each other on river, lakes or on the ocean, (1)
_____ on the type of race and the discipline. The boats are propelled by the reaction forces on the oar
blades (2) _____ they are pushed against the water. The sport can be both recreational, focusing (3)
_____ learning the techniques required, and competitive where overall fitness plays a large role. It is
also one of (4) _____ oldest Olympic sports. In the United States, Australia and Canada, high school and
collegial rowing is sometimes referred to as crew.
(5) _____ rowing, the athlete sits in the boat facing backwards, towards the stern, and uses the oars
which are held in (6) _____ by the oarlocks to propel the boat forward, towards the bow. It is a
demanding sport requiring strong core balance as well as physical (7) _____ and cardiovascular
endurance.
Since the action of rowing (8) _____ fairly popular throughout the world, there are many different
types of (9) _____. These include endurance races, time trials, stake racing, bumps racing, and the side-
by-side format used in the Olympic Games. The many different formats are a result of the long (10)
_____ of the sport, its development in. different regions of the world, and specific local requirements
and restrictions.

1. a. depending b. creating c. interesting d. carrying


2. a. but b. because c. as d. as soon as
3. a. of b. on c. with d. about
4. a. a b. an c. the d. Ø
5. a. Over b. Of c. During d. While
6. a. area b. sight c. part d. place
7. a. strong b. strongly c. strength d. strengthen
8. a. was become b. has become c. is become d. is becoming
9. a. competition b. examination c. test d. round
10. a. work b. history c. period d. race