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Figure 9-1. PRIMARY ‘SCREENING Primary Influont ‘coMMINUTION ‘Schematic of sewage treatmont plant, Stamford, CT. AERATION ZONE SECONDARY SETTLING DISINFECTION >| Ss Aeration Basing 5 CComninuter Serooring to Inelnartor Pit ore Lanai DEWATERING ‘THICKENING Return Activated ‘Sludge Activated Siudge DRYING INCINERATION. East Branch Stamford Harbor Rotary Municip Dryer Inatnerator 7 Bott Fiter Prossoa Figure 9-2. Sludge tlow path through co-ineineration system. soe Fag ar | Sots Nive Bote Prosece [Rotary Dre Incinerator replaced with two 2-meter Parkson MP-80 belt filer presses. These units were equipped with an ‘additional high pressure section to ensure the driest possible sludge cake. The City specified a minimum ‘cake solids concentration of 24 percent with a 95 percent capture. During the first two months of operation, cake solids concentrations of less than 20 percent were produced but the solids capture was an excellent 98 percent the third month of operation, the cake s Concentration begen to increase and rose by the end of the month to 25-26 percent. Solids capture remained at 98 percent. It was theorized that, because the centrifuges had such an extremely poor solids capture, fine solids were continuously Alternate When Incinerator ls Bown circulating through the plant. With the high solids capture efficiency of the belt filter presses, these fines were gradually being removed. Once that ‘occurred, the sludge dewatered more easily and a drier cake was produced. Initially, belt or screen life was poor (less than 500 hours). The short screen life was attributed to operator inexperience and a sludge that was somewhat difficult to dewater during that period, Experimentation with different mosh screens led to the selection of the Scandiafolt FE-3366 screen. This screen has a high air permeability and allows for ‘good drainage of water from the sludge. This feature Prevented uneven buildup of the sludge prior to the extra-high pressure section, thus preventing ‘creasing and wearing of the screen cloth. ‘Typical maintenance problems for these units were failure of ballbearings and occasionally broken roller shafts. Bearing life increased substantially when the ress operators viere given the responsibility of ‘greasing the bearings. in 1985, the MP-80 units were traded in on the improved Parkson Series 3000 presses. They have been operated for 24 hours per day on an average of 6 days per week for over 2 years (18,000 hours) with no mechanical failures at all (bearings, shafts, drive units). Screen life has been outstanding with’ upper screen lives of as much as 10,000 hours and lower