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# ChE-Thermo, ChE-Cal, Fluid Flow Exercises

An insulated container of total volume 1.25 8) If the dry steam was cooled to saturated
m3 is divided into two compartments of liquid at 100 kPa, how much heat was
different sizes. The first compartment has a removed during cooling?
volume of 1 m3 and contains pure nitrogen a) 2205 c) 2318
gas at 10,000 Pa and 400 K. The second b) 2512 d) 2414
compartment has a volume of 0.25 m 3 and 10 grams of N2 at 17 are compressed
contains pure hydrogen gas at 20,000 Pa
adiabatically and reversibly from an initial
and 300 K. The entire system is initially at
equilibrium and the gases may be taken to of 0.5 to 5 atm.
9) What is the final temperature of the gas at
be ideal
1) If the insulating barrier is removed, the end of the process?
allowing the two gases to mix together, a) 69.8 c) 287
what will be the final temperature at the
b) 164.8 d) 424
new equilibrium state?
a) 300 K c) 340 K 10) What is the work associated in the
b) 320 K d) 360 K process?
2) What will be the new pressure of the a) 2 kJ c) 5.6 kJ
system? b) 3.8 kJ d) 8 kJ
a) 8000 Pa c) 12000 Pa 11) What is the final volume of the system?
b) 10000 Pa d) 16000 Pa a) 2.1 L c) 5.2 L
3) What is the partial pressure of nitrogen b) 3.3 L d) 9.5 L
gas after the two gases mix? A copper block ( Cp=0.398 kJ/kg K) having
a) 7200 Pa c) 4680 Pa a mass of 15 kg and a temperature of 230
b) 6400 Pa d) 3600 P
is placed in a well-insulated vessel
A dead weight gauge with 1-cm diameter
piston is used to measure pressures very containing 100 kg H2O at 30 .
accurately. In a particular instance of 6.14
12) The total entropy change is
kg (including piston and pan) brings it into
a) 0.90 kJ/K c) 3.87 kJ/K
balance.
b) 1.50 kJ/K d) 2.40 kJ/K
4) What is the gage pressure being
measured? Steam at 250 psia and 700 steadily
a) 737.7 kPa c) 710.2 kPa enters a nozzle whole inlet area is 0.2 ft 2.
b) 767.7 kPa d) 867.4 kPa The mass flow rate of steam through the
5) If the barometric pressure is 748 torr, what nozzle is 10 lbm/s. Steam leaves the
is the absolute pressure? nozzle at 200 psia with a velocity of 900
a) 737.7 kPa c) 710.2 kPa ft/s. Heat losses from the nozzle per unit
b) 767.7 kPa d) 867.4 kPa mass of the steam are estimated to be 1.2
Dry steam at 473 K and 355 kPa Btu/ lbm. Determine
6) Determine the enthalpy of steam 13) The inlet velocity
a) 2451 kJ/kg c) 2841 kJ/kg a) 20 ft/s c) 85 ft/s
b) 2341 kJ/kg d) 2798 kJ/kg b) 46 ft/s d) 123 ft/s
7) What the entropy of the steam in kJ/kg K? 14) The exit temperature
a) 7.51 c) 9.42
a) 487 c) 633
b) 6.14 d) 4.64
ChE-Thermo, ChE-Cal, Fluid Flow Exercises
b) 660 d) 538 is cooled to 20 to crystallize out the
desired Na2SO4.10H2O. The remaining
solution ( the mother liquor) is found to
contain 16.1% anhydrous sodium sulfate).
Air at 283 K and 80 kPa enters the diffuser
of a jet engine steadily with a velocity of 20) What is the weight of the mother liquor?
200 m/s/ The inlet area of diffuser is 0.4 a) 3100 lb c) 2637 lb
m2. The air leaves the diffuser with a b) 3300 lb d) 3680 lb
velocity that is very small.Calculate In a given plant, 4202 lbs of N2 and 1046
15) The mass flow rate lbs of H2 are fed to the synthesis reactor
a) 73.8 kg/s c) 78.8 kg/s per hour. Production of pure ammonia
b) 76.8 kg/s d) 79.8 kg/s from this reactor is 3060 lb per hour.
16) The exit temperature of air 21) What is the LR?
a) 303 K c) 323 K a) N2
b) 313 K d) 336 K b) H2
The power output of an adiabatic steam 22) What is the percent excess reactant?
turbine is 5MW. The inlet conditions are 2 a) 16% c) 25%
MPa. 400C, 50 m/s, 10 m. The outlet b) 60% d) 50%
conditions are 15 kPa, 90% quality, 180 23) What is the percent conversion obtained
m/s, 6 m. Calculate based on the LR?
17) The magnitude of delta KE a) 60% c) 80%
a) 14.95 c) 26.37 b) 70% d) 83%
b) 24.95 d) 32.65 TiCl4 can be formed by reacting TiO2 with
18) The mass flow rate of steam HCl. TiO2 is available as an ore containing
a) 5.73 kg/s c) 7.37 78% TiO2 and 22% inerts. The HCl is
b) 3.75 kg/s d) 9.64 available as 45 wt% solution ( the balance
You are asked to measure the rate at is H2O). The per pass conversion of TiO2 is
which waste gases are being discharge 75%. The HCl is fed into the reactor in 20%
from a stack. The gases entering contain excess. Pure unreacted TiO2 is recycled
2.1% carbon dioxide. Pure carbon dioxide back to mix with the TiO2 feed.
is introduced into the bottom of the stack TiO2 + 4 HCl TiCl4 + 2 H2O
at a measured rate of 4 lb per minute. You
measure the discharge of gases leaving For 1 kg TiCl4 produced, determine:
24) The kg of TiO2 ore fed
the stack and find the concentration of
CO2 to be 3.2%. a) 0.45 c) 0.62
b) 0.54 d) 0.72
19) Calculate the flow rate of the entering
waste gas in lbmol/min. 25) The kg of 45 wt% HCl solution fed
a) 1.30 c) 2.05
a) 6.46 c) 8.10
b) 7.32 d) 9.63 b) 1.75 d) 3.26
26) The ratio of recycle stream to fresh TiO2
A crystallizer contains 6420 lb of aqueous
solution of anhydrous sodium sulfate ore
a) 0.12 c) 0.26
solution ( 29.6 wt%) at 104 . The solution
b) 0.18 d) 0.44
ChE-Thermo, ChE-Cal, Fluid Flow Exercises
A limestone analysis 92.89% CaCO3, a) 10.81 c) 18.01
5.41% MgCO3, 1.70% unreactive. By b) 11.80 d) 9.81%
heating the limestone, you recover oxides 35) The air-fuel (AF) ratio
that together known as lime. a) 17.64 c) 19.33
b) 16.74 d) 20.3

27) How many lbs of CaO can be made from 1 36) Partial pressure of H2O in Stack gas
ton of this limestone? a) 12.92 c) 19.35
a) 1857.8 c) 108.2
b) 1041 d) 515.4 b) 13.95 d) 31.95
28) How many lbs of CO2 recovered per lb of An engine burns fuel oil analyzing 88% C
limestone? and 12% H with air supplied at 21C,
a) 0.3417 c) 0.4371 normal barometric pressure and 80% RH.
b) 0.3914 d) 0.4512 The air supplied is less than the theoretical
29) How may lbs of limestone are needed to amount required for complete combustion
make 1 ton of lime? of the fuel oil. 25% of the C burns to CO.
a) 3550 lb c) 3350 lb O2 is all consumed and the molal ratio of
b) 3450 lb d) 3870 lb CO to H2 in the exhaust gas is 3:2. The
A 50wt% C6H6-C7H8 mixture enters at exhaust gas leaves at 480C and 745
10,000 kg/hr. The product recovered mmHg
contains 90% benzene. The vapor entering 37) % theo air
the condenser flows at the rate of 7500 a) 65.22 c) 85.22
kg/hr. The bottoms product contains 95%. b) 75.22 d) 95.22
30) What is the flow rate at the top of the 3
38) m air supplied/ kg fuel oil
column? a) 7.32 c) 9.32
a) 5924.12 c) 5294.12 b) 8.32 d) 10.32
b) 5290.4 d) 2954.53 39) H2O flows in a 50 mm pipe and 100 m
31) What was the recycle ratio? long, whose roughness is equal to 0.013
a) 0.60 c) 0.69 mm. If the pressure drop across this length
b) 0.70 d) 0.80 is not to exceed 64 kPa, what is the
32) Calculate the ThOD for 0.05 kg of maximum allowable water velocity?
C6H12O6 a) 1.2 m/s c) 1.8 m/s
a) 107 g c) 120 g b) 1.6 m/s d) 2.25 m/s
b) 112 g d) none 40) A heat exchanger is to consist of a number
33) The SG of a gas is approximately 0.70. The of tubes each 25 mm diameter and 5 m
mass flow rate of gasoline exiting a long arranged in parallel. The exchanger is
refinery tank is 1150 kg/m3. The volumetric to be used as a cooler with a rating of
flow rate in L/s 4MW and the temperature rise in water
a) 25.38 c) 24.52 fed to the tube is 20 K. If the pressure drop
b) 27.38 d) 22.56 over the tubes is not to exceed 2 kPa,
Pure C2H6 is burned completely in 20% calculate the minimum number of tubes
excess air. Air is supplied at 25C and 740 that are required. Assume that the tube
torr and is substantially dry. walls are smooth and that entrance and
34) Find % CO2 in stack gas exit effects can be neglected.
ChE-Thermo, ChE-Cal, Fluid Flow Exercises
a) 116 tubes c) 89 tubes
b) 135 tubes d) 64 tubes

## 47) A pitot-tube is used to measure the flow

A water tank is 30 ft in diameter and the rate of water at 20C in the center of the
normal depth is 25 ft. The outlet is a 4 inch pipe having an inside diameter of 102.3
horizontal pipe at the bottom. If this pipe mm. The reading in the manometer is 78
is sheared off close to the tank, mm CCl4. What is the mass flow rate of
41) What is the initial velocity of water from H2O in kg/s?
the tank? a) 25.2 c) 6.5
a) 12.23 ft/s c) 40.14 m/s b) 2.52 d) 7.8
b) 12.23 m/s d) 44.10 ft/s 48) A 150 mm gas main is used for
42) How long will it take for the tank to be transferring gas ( MW=13 and kinematic
empty? viscosity = 0.25 cm2/s) at 295 K from a
a) 1.2 hr c) 2.25 hr plant to a storage station 100 m away at a
b) 1.5 hr d) 2.8 hr rate of 1 m3/s. Calculate the pressure drop
43) What was the average flow rate? if the pipe can be considered smooth.
a) 1.17 ft3/s c) 2.12 ft3/s a) 2.83 kPa c) 12.67 kPa
b) 1.77 ft3/s d) 2.52 ft3/s b) 8.43 kPa d) 102.64 kPa
A centrifugal pump is used to transfer a A hydraulic jump occurs during the flow of
brine solution ( SG= 1.18 and viscosity=1.2 a liquid from a tank into an open channel
cp) from the bottom of a supply tank. The under a gate so that the liquid is initially
brine level in the discharge tank is 150 ft travelling at a velocity of 1.5 m/s with a
above that in the supply tank. The line depth of 74 mm.
between the tanks is 600 ft long of 4-inch 49) What was the velocity (m/s) after the
sch 40 pipe. The flow rate is 400 gpm. In jump?
the line are 2 gate valves, fully open; 4 tees a) 0.47 c) 1.74
used as ells, and 4- 90 degree standard b) 0.35 d) 0.74
elbows. Assume n=0.60 50) What was the liquid depth after jump?
44) Estimate total friction losses in the line in a) 35 mm d) 73 mm
ft-lbf/lbm, including contraction and b) 204 mm d) 152 mm
expansion losses.
a) 50.7 c) 82.6
b) 64.7 d) 214.8
45) What is the power required by the pump
in kW?
a) 20 c) 32
b) 25 d) 43
46) What pressure must the pump develop?
a) 110 psi c) 15,000 psf
b) 253 psi d) 20,000 psf