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Ln-5 Mangalyaan- India’s Pride and Joy

I Answer the following questions (Short Answer)

1. What happened when Mangalyaan disappeared behind Mars?

*When Mangalyaan suddenly disappeared behind Mars, the scientists in the


tracking centre of the Indian Space Research Organisation held their breath,
waiting anxiously.

* Then, within twenty minutes, the probe had entered Mars’ gravitational
field.

2. Why do you think the scientists were so nervous?

The scientists were so nervous because they were anxious to know whether
Mangalyaan would be successful in entering Mars’ gravitational field.

3. Which award did the MOM team win in 2015?

The MOM team won the US-based National space society’s 2015 Space
Pioneer Award in the science and engineering category for successfully
executing a Mars mission in its first attempt.

4. Describe the pictures of the landscape of Mars which Mangalyaan


sent back to Earth.

*Breathtaking pictures of Mars were sent by MCC.

*There were pictures of Tyrrhenus Mons, a part of Valles Marineris,

*part of Wrinkle Ridge located in Thaumasia planum region and

*the impact of crater located south-west of Huygens crater.

5. What was the most important objective of the mission?

The most important objective of the mission was merely to go into orbit
around Mars – a demonstration to be used for future spacecraft and mission
design.

6. Why was the orbital path of the spacecraft adjusted in 2017?


*The orbital path of the spacecraft was adjusted to elongate the mission;
*otherwise, the spacecraft would have failed to function after spending eight
hours in the shadow of Mars,

*without its solar panels being exposed to sunlight.

II Answer the following question (Paragraph)

1. Do you think that Indian space adventures will conquer greater


horizons in the future? Give reason for your answer.

*I certainly feel Indian space adventures will conquer greater horizons in the
future.

*The successful launch and progress of the Mangalyaan has made Indians
more confident in venturing into the field of space, research and discovery.

*More youngsters will take up this course of study and with the
advancements in science and technology,

*there is scope for Indian scientists and astronauts to conquer greater


horizons.

III Read these sentences and answer the questions that follow.

1. “Giant screens above their heads were busy streaming data and
graphics.”

a. Who are the people referred to in this line?

The people referred to in this line are the scientists.

b. What were they doing?

They were working furiously at their computers.

2. The US space agency NASA congratulated its Indian counterpart on


this occasion.
a. What is NASA’s Indian counterpart?

NASA’s Indian counterpart is the ISRO.

b. What was the occasion?


The occasion was the successful launch of mangalyaan, the Mars Orbiter
Mission.

c. Why was the occasion so special?

The occasion was special because India was the fourth nation to send a
mission to Mars.

Poem-4: If I were an Astronaut

I. Answer the following question (Short answer)

1. Where does the poet wish to travel to if he were an astronaut?

The poet wishes to travel to any planet.

2. How do we know that the poet does not intend to return to Earth?
We come to know that the poet does not intend to return to Earth because he
says he will ‘start dwelling’ there without a care.

3. Why will the poet be able to breathe fresh air?

The poet able to breathe fresh air because there will be no pollution, no grime,
no smoke, smog or fog.

4. How can we say that the poet will have a lot of spare time?

The poet will have a lot of time to spare as his time will be his own to spend.

5. Which line in the poem says that the poet will do only worthwhile things
as an astronaut?

‘No useless tasks will I attend’- this line shows that the poet will do only
worthwhile things as an astronaut.

III Read these sentences and answer the questions that follow.

1. Stake my claim forthright there,

And start dwelling without a care.

a) Where does the poet wish to stake his claim?

The poet wishes to stake his claim on any important planet that he will go to.

b) What does the poet mean by ‘without a care’?


The poet means to say that he will not be troubled by any worldly
responsibilities or obligation.

2. Smoothly will I among the planets glide,

Seemingly effortless, my body will slide

a) How will the poet move between planets?

The poet will move smoothly between planets without being interrupted.

b) What does ‘seemingly effortless’ mean?

‘Seemingly effortless’ means the poet’s body will be weightless due to the
absence of gravitational force in the planets.

c) What does the poet mean by ‘planet of note’?

By ‘planet of note’, the poet wishes to say that he would travel to a planet.