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INTRODUCTION

Part I: EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

I-1. Robotics
I-2. Artificial Intelligence
I-3. Nanotechnology
I-4. 5G Telecommunications

Part II: IMPACTS OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES

II-1 Impacts on our social and professional life


II- Impacts on our health and environment

CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION

In the past few decades, there has been a revolution in computing and
communications. All indications stated that technological progress and use of
information technology will continue
at a rapid pace. The processing power of microchips is doubling every 18 months.
The latest technology headlines gadget, smartphone trends, tablets, personal
digital assistants, PlayStation 5 with interactive controllers,
Chip and PIN readers, etc. Emerging technologies include a variety of technologies
such as educational technology, information technology,
nanotechnology, biotechnology, cognitive science, psychotechnology, robotics,
artificial intelligence, etc.

Today, emerging technologies are having wide-ranging impacts across numerous


domains of our society.
The current presentation is to show on one hand, the emerging technologies and
analyse their impacts on our society on the other.

I-1. Robotics
Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction,
operation, and application of robots as well as computer systems for their control,
sensory feedback, and information processing.
These technologies deal with automated machines that can take the place of humans
in dangerous environments or manufacturing processes.

I-2. Artificial Intelligence


Artificial intelligence (AI) sometimes called machine intelligence, is intelligence
demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence displayed by
humans.
The traditional problems (or goals) of AI research include reasoning, knowledge
representation, planning, learning, natural language processing, perception and the
ability to move and manipulate objects.

I-3. Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology (sometimes shortened to nanotech) is the manipulation of matter on
an atomic, molecular, and supramolecular scale.
A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by
the National Nanotechnology Initiative,
which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one
dimension sized from 1 to 100 nanometers.

I-4. 5G Telecommunications
5G is the term used to describe the next-generation of mobile networks beyond 4G
mobile networks.
5G has better coverage area and high data rate at the edge of the cell. It has low
battery consumption.
With 5G, you'll see exponentially faster download and upload speeds. The time it
takes devices to communicate with each other wireless networks
will also drastically decrease.

TRANSITION
As science expands our understanding of the world can lead to the emergence
of new technologies.
These can bring huge benefits, but also challenges, as they change society’s
relationship with the world.
This secong part will focus on both positive and negative impacts of emerging
technologies in our society.

II-1 Impacts on our social and professional life


One important way in which technology is affecting work is by reducing the
importance of distance. People could work today via email, webconference and
students via elearning.
E-commerce is very effective at reducing the costs of attracting new customers,
because advertising is typically cheaper than for other media and more targeted
Robotics was seen as affecting employment as industrial robots have increasingly
taken on routine tasks usually performed by manufacturing workers.

Lack of physical clues that are inherent characteristics of e-commerce also make it
vulnerable to fraud and thus increase certain costs for e-commerce merchants as
compared to traditional
stores. Problems continue to occur in online payment and delivery. New technologies
are being developed to protect the use of credit cards in e-commerce
transactions, but the need for greater security and user verification leads to
increased costs. Many people continue to loose their jobs due to automatisation of
business process.

II- Impacts on our health and environment


Technologies have offered us the opportunity to live healthier beyond 50 years,
enhance our intellectual and physical abilities.
It has also enabled us to become producers of our own products.

Human genetic modification might allow us to “design” babies with whatever physical
and intellectual attributes we consider desirable.
It is for the first time in our "species" history we can actively influence our
evolutionary process. The question is, what will happen if not everyone has access
to these technologies
or if some decide to “opt out”? Environmental threats of nuclear and fossil fuels
energy sources have serious probability of climate change generated by gases
emitted to the atmosphere,

CONCLUSION

This presentation has shown the emerging technologies of our century


The ongoing computing and communications revolution has numerous economic and
social impacts on modern society and requires serious social science investigation
in order to manage
its risks and dangers. Decisions have to be taken carefully. Many choices being
made now will be costly or difficult to modify in the future.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
. Online Encyclopedia Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emerging_technologies

. Impacts of Information Technology on Society in the new Century


https://www.zurich.ibm.com/pdf/news/Konsbruck.pdf

. Cambridge IGCSE ICT, second Edition textbook, Graham Brown, Biant Sargent and
David Watson - HODDER Education

. What Impact Will Emerging Technologies Have on Society?


https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/what-impact-will-emerging-
technologies-have-on-society

. Emerging technologies and environmental impacts assessment in Kenya

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/307955615_Emerging_technologies_and_enviro
nmental_impacts_assessment_in_Kenya