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THE USE OF RICE STARCH FROM RICE WATER IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS 1

Abstract

This study aims to lessen non-biodegradable plastic waste and give importance to a material we

are just throwing away after we wash rice before cooking. The world is suffering for the life

surrounded by garbage that won’t vanish in a single day, month, or even a year. Plastics are often

used worldwide and it causes lifetime detrimental damage for the ecosystem where plants,

animals, human, and all other living organisms live. Clogging of canals, weak foundation of soil,

suffering for sea animals, and ruining our ozone layer when people burn the plastics is because it

is a hindrance into our daily living. Changing this kind of product into a biodegradable one will

have a big impact into mankind and people will not be threatened from its bad effects because it

is eco-friendly. Living will have no hindrance regarding plastic waste that causes different

situations that made people very vulnerable from disasters. Bioplastic will remove the bad

outcome of the commercial plastic we use nowadays and replace it into making a more useful

material by being resourceful and not harming the environment at the same time. Rice starch

from rice water will be used in the production of bioplastics to resolve a problem we never

thought we could.
THE USE OF RICE STARCH FROM RICE WATER IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS 2

Introduction

Flood, a usual disaster that is very prone in the Philippines which is a big hindrance to the daily

living of every Filipinos in every corner of the country, the cause of this unwanted scenario are

waste that we usually use for something that help us out for a little bit of time and will eventually

kill people over and over again for a hundreds of years due to its bad effect in our environment. Commented [l1]: Too long for a sentence

Plastic wastes that are expected not to be decomposed for a short period of time or not to be

decomposed at all and just bury itself anywhere that causes clogging of canals or drainage

resulting a detrimental effect such as flood that can ruin infrastructures, buildings, and the life of

people.

A simple walk on any beach, anywhere, and the plastic waste spectacle is present. All over the

world the statistics are ever growing, staggeringly. Plastics and their byproducts are littering our Commented [l2]: After this sentence, insert a study or article
that will support your claim that plastic waste is growing
staggeringly.
cities, oceans, and waterways, and contributing to health problems in humans and animals. The

Ecology Center can help you use less plastic, recycle the plastic that you do use, and learn more

about its hazards (Pinderhughes, 2016).

According to Adams, G.( 2016) Plastic materials include polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), Commented [l3]: Adams (2016), plastics

high impact polystyrene (HIPS), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polyethylene

terephthalate (PET), polyester (PES), polyamides (PA) (Nylons), poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC),

polyurethane (PU), polycarbonate (PC), and polyethylene (PE). The name Plastic is derived from

the Greek word plastikos, which means able to be shaped. Plastic materials consist of long chain

molecules (polymers). Available in many colors and in transparent form, plastics can be rubbery
THE USE OF RICE STARCH FROM RICE WATER IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS 3

or rigid. Plastic shapes include sheet, rod, hex, pipe, cubes, balls, and tubes. Plastics are made of

polymers that could be built from hundreds or thousands of monomers that gave it longer

lifespan giving decomposers a hard time to dissolve this kind of material.

Biodegradable plastics are made from starch, cellulose, chitosan, and protein extracted from

renewable biomass. Bioplastics or organic plastics are a form of plastics derived from renewable

biomass sources, such as vegetable oil, corn/pea starch, Microbiota. (Chakraborty D. Mukherjee

R. Mallick S. 2018). The development of most bioplastic is assumed to reduce fossil fuel usage,

and plastic waste, as well as carbon dioxide emissions. The biodegradability characteristics of

these plastics create a positive impact in society, and awareness of biodegradable packaging also

attracts researchers and industries (Demirel B. 2017).

Rice is cleaned before cooking and it is just a waste if the rice wash water is just thrown away

even if it can help solve the problem towards plastic waste. Every individual are eating rice for

our nourishment and every rice wash water can help change the world with the help of something

that was just a waste from people and now a solution for waste. Starch can be used to reduce the

carbon footprint of traditional resins because they can replace petroleum-based polymers with

natural ones. It is also highly degradable, meaning it can be used alongside a compostable

polymer without interfering with the degradation process (Green Dot Bioplastics, 2019).

Nowadays, A lot of people are using bioplastics for them to have an easier life. A bioplastic is a Commented [l4]: Do not use the word nowadays

substance from organic biomass sources. There were a lot of different processes in order to make

bioplastics. Some use a microorganism to process base materials, such as vegetable oils,
THE USE OF RICE STARCH FROM RICE WATER IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS 4

cellulose, starches, acids and alcohols. Bioplastics, currently accounting for less than half of one

percent of all plastics manufacture, are growing rapidly because of clear advantages they have in

many applications. We all know that plastic here in our country is so important that everybody

uses it to help them for their daily lives because it provides a huge help for carrying their

equipment, foods, materials, and etc. Bioplastic reduce the garbage produced everyday because

its lifespan is shorter than the normal one. Useless things can be used to create bioplastic such as

rice starch which can be processed to complete the product. Turning these little things to

beneficial purposes can be a huge impact for businessmen and it also helps our environment to

recover faster.

Conceptual Framework

A test will be conducted to identify the strength between the produced product and commercial

one. Each will contain a can and be hanged 3 ft. above ground. Commented [l5]: Include the paradigm

Research Problems

The researchers aim to remove non-biodegradable plastics to avoid the occurrence of different

hazardous effects caused by plastic waste. The researchers will test the product if; (1) There is a

significant difference between the strength of bioplastics and commercial plastic; (2) There is a

significant difference between bioplastics and commercial plastic in terms of the credibility to

decompose in a short period of time; (3) There is a significant difference in using starch in the Commented [l6]: (1) There is a significant difference between
the bioplastics and commercial plastic in terms of (a) strength
(b)credibility to decompose in a short period of time
production of plastics and using polymer in the said production.
Commented [l7]: There is a significant difference in the use of
starch and polymers in the production of plastics
THE USE OF RICE STARCH FROM RICE WATER IN THE PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTICS 5

Hypotheses

The hypotheses were based on the research problems presented above; (1) There is no significant

difference between the strength of bioplastics and commercial plastic; (2) The is no significant

difference between bioplastics and commercial plastic in terms of the credibility to decompose in

a short period of time; (3) There is no significant difference in using starch in the production of

plastics and using polymer in the said production. Commented [l8]: Same pattern with research problem