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A

Micro-Project
Report on
“DOL Starter”
Submitted By
Mr. Kartik Vaibhav Inamdar
Mr. Ashitosh Maruti Kshirsagar
Mr. Rohit Millind Salonkhe.
Mr. Prathmesh Ramesh Shinde
Mr. Ganesh Bagirgonda
Mr. Ankush Bansode
Mrs. Divya Patil.
Mr. Sakshi Bhosale.

Guided By
Ms. P.C. Waragade

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

D. Y. PATIL COLLEGE OF ENGGINEERING &


POLYTECHNIC, TALSANDE
2019-2020
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D. Y. PATIL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING
AND POLYTECHNIC
Talsande, Dist:
Kolhapur
CERTIFICATE
This to certified that following student of Second year
have complicated the micro-project entitled
“DOL STARTER’’

Student Name Enroll No. Exam Seat No.

Mr. Kartik Vaibhav Inamdar.

Toward the partial fulfillment of requirement for diploma


in Electrical Engineering. Maharashtra State Board of
\\
Technical Education Mumbai During academic year 2017-2018
the said work has been assessed by us and we satisfied that the same is
up to the standard envisaged for the level of course and that the said
work can be presented to the External Examiner.

Guide Name H.O.D.

Ms. P.C. Waragade Mrs. K. M. Patil.


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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The success that is accomplished with the successful

completion of any task would be incomplete without the expression of

gratitude to the people who made It possible because success is the

embodiment of hard work congenial for fulfilling The work. It is indeed a

moment of great pleasure and satisfaction for us to express A sense of

gratitude to all the people who have contributed in making this micro-

project A great experience. With thank deeply for the invaluable

guidance rendered to us on all occasions By our micro-project guide Ms. P.

C. Waragade. and all others who directly or indirectly Contributed to our

all sphere of activities in our project work of practical learning. We are

equally indebted to our respected principal Prof. J. A. Khot sir (principal of

D.Y. Patil college of Engineering and Polytechnic Talsande) And Mrs. K.

M. Patil (head of department Electric engineering) The knowledge that we

have gained from them will surely be an asset for us in Our professional

career in future.

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INTRODUCTION

There are different types of methods used to start induction motor as these
motors utilize more power for starting. When the flow of current through
windings is high then there will be a chance to damage the motor. To
overcome this problem, different kinds of starter techniques are used. The
simple type of starter method is DOL (Direct on Line Starter). The Direct Online
starter includes a circuit breaker or MCCB, overload relay and contactor for the
protection of motor. The unlocking of an electromagnetic contactor can be
done through the thermal overload relay beneath fault conditions. Usually, the
controlling of contactor can be done by using separate buttons like start and
stop. An auxiliary contact is used on the contactor across the start button
because the contactor is electrically latched while the working of an induction
motor.

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What is Direct Online Starter or DOL?
The most fundamental, economical, as well as an easy method for running a
three-phase induction motor is named as the DOL starter. This starter joints
three phase motors straight across the supply of three phases. The
attractiveness of this kind of starter is, it can be connected straightly to the
motor, and it doesn’t affect the induction motor. The Direct Online Starter
consists of a protective device as well as main contacts. Let us discuss an
overview of DOL.

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Construction of DOL Starter
The DOL starter consists of two switches namely Green and Red where the
green switch is used to start and red switch is used to stop the motor. The DOL
starter comprises a circuit breaker (or) MCCB, overload relay & contactor for
protecting the motor. The two switches of the motor control the contacts. The
motor can be started when we shut the contact by pressing the green switch,
and the full-line voltage comes out to the induction motor.

Generally, the contactors are 3-poles contactors or 4-pole contactors. For


instance, a 4-pole type contactor consists of three normally open contacts and
one is auxiliary or holds on contact. The three NO contacts are used to connect
the induction motor to supply lines whereas the auxiliary contact is used to
boost the contactor coil when the start button is opened.

Construction of DOL Starter


If any error takes place, then holds on contactor gets deactivated.
Therefore, the DOL starter separates the induction motor from the mains
supply.

DOL Starter Wiring


The wiring or connections of DOL starter includes mainly four parts such
as main contact, normally open contacts, normally closed contacts, and
connections of relay coil as well as thermal overload relay.

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The connection of Main Contact
The connection of the main contact can be done by using the following
steps.

The Contactor can be connected between relay coil, thermal overload relay,
and voltage supply

The L1 contactor is connected to R-phase using MCCB

The L1 contactor is connected to Y-phase using MCCB

The L3 contactor is connected to B-phase using MCCB

The connection of NO Contact


The connection of NO contact can be done by using the following steps.

The normally open contact is from 13 to 14 or 53 to 54 contactor points

The 53-Contactor Point connected to 94-Start Button & Point of Contactor-54


is connected to general Start wire or stop switch.

Normally Closed Contact


The normally closed contacts are 95 to 96

The Connection of Relay Coil


The Relay Coil (A1) is connecting to any supply segment & A2 relay coil is
connected to the NC Connection (95) of the thermal overload relay.The
connection of Thermal Overload Relay.

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The connection of thermal overload relay can be done by
using the following steps.
The T1, T2, and T3 are connected to the relay

This relay is connected among motor as well as main contactor

The normally closed connection of this relay is connected to stop switch as well
as the mutual connection of start or stop switch.

DOL Starter Working


The 3 phase DOL starter wiring diagram is shown below. The DOL starter
joints the 3 phase main wiring with the induction motor namely L1, l2 and L3
when the start switch is pressed. Generally, the Direct Online starter working
can be done in two different stages namely DOL starter control circuit and DOL
starter power circuit. The control circuit is attached to any two of the phases
and activated from the two phases only. Whenever we push the start switch,
then the current will flows through the control circuit as well as contactor wind
also. The contactor coil can be boosted by the current to make the contacts
close, and thus three phase supply becomes obtainable for the induction
motor.

When we push the stop button, then the flow of current through the
contact will be stopped, therefore power supply to the induction motor will
not be accessible, as well as the same thing will occur while overload relay
works.

As the motor supply breaks, then the machine will move toward to relax.
The contactor coil gets power supply even though we open start switch
because it will obtain supply from the main contacts as demonstrated in the
above Direct Online starter circuit diagram.

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Advantages & Disadvantages
 The advantages of this starter include the following.
 The Direct Online starter is an inexpensive starter.
 It gives almost complete starting torque at the beginning.
 The designing, operating and controlling this starter is very easy.
 Understanding and troubleshooting are very easy.
 The disadvantages of this starter include the following.
 Starting current is very high
 This starter causes an important dip in voltage, therefore appropriate
only for small motors.
 The lifespan of the machine can be reduced.
 It is hard mechanically.
 Needless high opening torque

Applications of DOL Starter


The applications of this starter include the following.

These starters are very useful in motors when the 3-phase induction motor is
at low rating as well as the input is very low (5V) then that will function at low
speeds & lower rating.

These starters are used where maximum currents do not cause any damage
such as to run small compressors, conveyor belts, water pumps, fans, etc.

Thus, this is all about Direct Online Starter (DOL), and the main features of this
DOL include three phase connection, High starting torques, voltage dips,
mechanical load, current peaks, and very easy switching devices. These are
mainly applicable to where maximum currents do not cause any damage such
as to run small compressors, conveyor belts, water pumps, fans, etc

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