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19-1295; Rev 8; 10/11

UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,


Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
General Description Features

MAX4249–MAX4257
The MAX4249–MAX4257 low-noise, low-distortion oper- o Available in Space-Saving UCSP, SOT23, and
ational amplifiers offer rail-to-rail outputs and single- µMAX® Packages
supply operation down to 2.4V. They draw 400µA of o Low Distortion: 0.0002% THD (1kΩ load)
quiescent supply current per amplifier while featuring o 400µA Quiescent Supply Current per Amplifier
ultra-low distortion (0.0002% THD), as well as low input o Single-Supply Operation from 2.4V to 5.5V
voltage-noise density (7.9nV/√Hz) and low input
current-noise density (0.5fA/√Hz). These features make o Input Common-Mode Voltage Range Includes
Ground
the devices an ideal choice for portable/battery-powered
applications that require low distortion and/or low noise. o Outputs Swing Within 8mV of Rails with a 10kΩ
Load
For additional power conservation, the MAX4249/
o 3MHz GBW Product, Unity-Gain Stable
MAX4251/MAX4253/MAX4256 offer a low-power shut- (MAX4250–MAX4254)
down mode that reduces supply current to 0.5µA and
22MHz GBW Product, Stable with AV ≥ 10V/V
puts the amplifiers’ outputs into a high-impedance (MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257)
state. The MAX4249-MAX4257’s outputs swing rail-to-
rail and their input common-mode voltage range o Excellent DC Characteristics
VOS = 70µV
includes ground. The MAX4250–MAX4254 are unity- IBIAS = 1pA
gain stable with a gain-bandwidth product of 3MHz. Large-Signal Voltage Gain = 116dB
The MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 are inter-
o Low-Power Shutdown Mode
nally compensated for gains of 10V/V or greater with a Reduces Supply Current to 0.5µA
gain-bandwidth product of 22MHz. The single MAX4250/ Places Outputs in a High-Impedance State
MAX4255 are available in space-saving 5-pin SOT23 o 400pF Capacitive-Load Handling Capability
packages. The MAX4252 is available in an 8-bump chip-
scale package (UCSP™) and the MAX4253 is available in Ordering Information
a 10-bump UCSP. The MAX4250AAUK comes in a 5-pin
SOT23 package and is specified for operation over the PIN- TOP
PART TEMP RANGE
automotive (-40°C to +125°C) temperature range. PACKAGE MARK
MAX4249ESD+ -40°C to +85°C 14 SO —
Applications MAX4249EUB+ -40°C to +85°C 10 µMAX —
Wireless Communications Devices -40°C to +85°C 5 SOT23 ACCI
MAX4250EUK+T
PA Control MAX4250AAUK+T -40°C to +125°C 5 SOT23 AEYJ
Portable/Battery-Powered Equipment +Denotes a lead(Pb)-free/RoHS-compliant package.
Medical Instrumentation T = Tape and reel.

ADC Buffers Ordering Information continued at end of data sheet.


Digital Scales/Strain Gauges Selector Guide appears at end of data sheet.

Pin/Bump Configurations
TOP VIEW
(BUMPS ON BOTTOM) 1 2 3
A1 A2 A3 A4

A OUTA VDD OUTB OUTB INB- INB+ SHDNB

B1 B4
B INA- MAX4252 INB- VDD VSS
MAX4253

C1 C2 C3 C4
C
INA+ VSS INB+ OUTA INA- INA+ SHDNA

UCSP UCSP

Pin/Bump Configurations continued at end of data sheet.

UCSP is a trademark and µMAX is a registered trademark of Maxim Integrated Products, Inc.

________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1

For pricing, delivery, and ordering information, please contact Maxim Direct at 1-888-629-4642,
or visit Maxim’s website at www.maxim-ic.com.
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
MAX4249–MAX4257

ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS


Power-Supply Voltage (VDD to VSS) ......................+6.0V to -0.3V 10-Pin µMAX (derate 5.6mW/°C above +70°C) ...........444mW
Analog Input Voltage (IN_+, IN_-)....(VDD + 0.3V) to (VSS - 0.3V) 14-Pin SO (derate 8.33mW/°C above +70°C)..............667mW
SHDN Input Voltage ......................................6.0V to (VSS - 0.3V) Operating Temperature Range ...........................-40°C to +85°C
Output Short-Circuit Duration to Either Supply ..........Continuous MAX4250AAUK .............................................-40°C to +125°C
Continuous Power Dissipation (TA = +70°C) Junction Temperature ......................................................+150°C
5-Pin SOT23 (derate 7.1mW/°C above +70°C)...........571mW Storage Temperature Range .............................-65°C to +150°C
8-Bump UCSP (derate 4.7mW/°C above +70°C)........379mW Lead Temperature (soldering, 10s) .................................+300°C
8-Pin µMAX (derate 4.5mW/°C above +70°C) ............362mW Soldering Temperature (reflow) .......................................+260°C
8-Pin SO (derate 5.88mW/°C above +70°C)...............471mW
10-Bump UCSP (derate 6.1mW/°C above +70°C) ......484mW
Stresses beyond those listed under “Absolute Maximum Ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not implied. Exposure to
absolute maximum rating conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL connected to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Notes 2, 3)

PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS

Supply Voltage Range VDD (Note 4) 2.4 5.5 V


VDD = 3V 400

Normal E temperature 420 575


Quiescent Supply Current Per VDD = 5V
IQ mode MAX4250AAUK 675 µA
Amplifier
VDD = 5V, UCSP only 420 655

Shutdown mode (SHDN = VSS) (Note 2) 0.5 1.5


E temperature ±0.07 ±0.75
Input Offset Voltage (Note 5) VOS mV
MAX4250AAUK ±1.85
Input Offset Voltage Tempco TCVOS 0.3 µV/°C
TA = +25°C 0.1 1
Input Bias Current IB (Note 6) TA = -40°C to +85°C 50 pA
TA = -40°C to +125°C 1500
TA = +25°C 0.1 1
Input Offset Current IOS (Note 6) TA = -40°C to +85°C 10 pA
TA = -40°C to +125°C 100
Differential Input Resistance RIN 1000 GΩ

Input Common-Mode Voltage Guaranteed by E temperature -0.2 VDD -1.1


VCM V
Range CMRR test MAX4250AAUK 0 VDD -1.1
VSS - 0.2V ≤ VCM ≤ E temperature 70 115
Common-Mode Rejection Ratio CMRR dB
VDD - 1.1V MAX4250AAUK 68

2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)

MAX4249–MAX4257
(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL connected to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Notes 2, 3)
PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS
E temperature 75 100
Power-Supply Rejection Ratio PSRR VDD – 2.4V to 5.5V dB
MAX4250AAUK 72
RL = 10kΩ to VDD/2; E temperature 80 116
VOUT = 25mV to VDD
– 4.97V MAX4250AAUK 77
Large-Signal Voltage Gain AV dB
RL = 1kΩ to VDD/2; E temperature 80 112
VOUT = 150V to VDD
– 4.75V MAX4250AAUK 77
E 8 25
VDD - VOH
|VIN+ - VIN-| ≥ 10mV; A 30
Output Voltage Swing VOUT E 7 20 mV
RL = 10kΩ to VDD/2
VOL - VSS
A 25
E 77 200
VDD - VOH
|VIN+ - VIN-| ≥ 10mV, A 225
Output Voltage Swing VOUT mV
RL = 1kΩ to VDD/2 E 47 100
VOL - VSS
A 125
Output Short-Circuit Current ISC 68 mA
Shutdown mode (SHDN = VSS),
Output Leakage Current ILEAK 0.001 1.0 µA
VOUT = VSS to VDD (Note 2)
SHDN Logic Low VIL (Note 2) 0.2 X VDD V

SHDN Logic High VIH (Note 2) 0.8 X VDD V

SHDN Input Current IIL/IIH SHDN = VSS = VDD (Note 2) 0.5 1.5 µA

Input Capacitance 11 pF

MAX4250–MAX4254 3
Gain-Bandwidth Product GBW MHz
MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 22

MAX4250–MAX4254 0.3
Slew Rate SR V/µs
MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 2.1

Peak-to-Peak Input-Noise
enP-P f = 0.1Hz to 10Hz 760 nVP-P
Voltage
f = 10Hz 27
Input Voltage-Noise Density en f = 1kHz 8.9 nV/√Hz
f = 30kHz 7.9
Input Current-Noise Density in f = 1kHz 0.5 fA/√Hz

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 3
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
MAX4249–MAX4257

(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = 0V, VOUT = VDD/2, RL connected to VDD/2, SHDN = VDD, TA = TMIN to TMAX, unless otherwise noted.
Typical values are at TA = +25°C.) (Notes 2, 3)

PARAMETER SYMBOL CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNITS

MAX4250–MAX4254 0.0004
f = 1kHz
AV = 1V/V, VOUT = 2VP-P,
RL = 1kΩ to GND
(Note 7) f = 20kHz 0.006
Total Harmonic Distortion Plus
THD+N %
Noise MAX4249/MAX4255/
f = 1kHz 0.0012
MAX4256/MAX4257
AV = 1V/V, VOUT = 2VP-P,
f = 20kHz 0.007
RL = 1kΩ to GND (Note 7)

Capacitive-Load Stability No sustained oscillations 400 pF

MAX4250–MAX4254, AV = 1V/V 10
Gain Margin GM MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257, dB
12.5
AV = 10V/V
MAX4250–MAX4254, AV = 1V/V 74
Phase Margin ΦM MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257, Degrees
68
AV = 10V/V
MAX4250–MAX4254 6.7
Settling Time To 0.01%, VOUT µs
MAX4249/MAX4255/
= 2V step 1.6
MAX4256/MAX4257

IVDD = 5% of MAX4251/MAX4253 0.8


Delay Time to Shutdown tSH normal µs
operation MAX4249/MAX4256 1.2

VOUT = 2.5V, MAX4251/MAX4253 8


Delay Time to Enable tEN VOUT settles to µs
0.1% MAX4249/MAX4256 3.5

Power-Up Delay Time tPU VDD = 0 to 5V step, VOUT stable to 0.1% 6 µs

Note 2: SHDN is available on the MAX4249/MAX4251/MAX4253/MAX4256 only.


Note 3: All device specifications are 100% tested at TA = +25°C. Limits over temperature are guaranteed by design.
Note 4: Guaranteed by the PSRR test.
Note 5: Offset voltage prior to reflow on the UCSP.
Note 6: Guaranteed by design.
Note 7: Lowpass-filter bandwidth is 22kHz for f = 1kHz and 80kHz for f = 20kHz. Noise floor of test equipment = 10nV/√Hz.

4 _______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps

MAX4249–MAX4257
Typical Operating Characteristics
(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = VOUT = VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/√Hz for all distortion measurements,
TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX4251/MAX4256 OFFSET VOLTAGE INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE
INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION vs. TEMPERATURE vs. INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE
40 250 200

MAX4249-57 TOC02
MAX4249-57 TOC01

MAX4249-57 TOC03
400 UNITS VCM = 0
35 VCM = 0 200
TA = +25°C 150 150

INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE (µV)


30
100
NUMBER OF UNITS

25
50 100
VOS (µV)

20 0

15 -50 50 VDD = 3V VDD = 5V


-100
10
-150 0
5 -200
0 -250 -50
-95
-75
-55
-35
-13
7
28
49
69
90
110
131
152
172
192

-40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 -0.5 0.5 1.5 2.5 3.5 4.5


VOS (µV) TEMPERATURE (°C) INPUT COMMON-MODE VOLTAGE (V)

OUTPUT VOLTAGE OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (VOH) OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (VOL)
vs. OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE vs. TEMPERATURE
0.6 0.10 MAX4249-57 TOC05 0.06

MAX4249 -57TOC06
MAX4249-57 TOC04

VDD = 3V OR 5V
0.09
VDIFF = ±10mV
0.5 0.05
0.08 RL = 1kΩ RL = 1kΩ
VDD - VOH
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V)

0.07
0.04
VDD - VOH (V)

0.4
0.06
VOL (V)

0.3 0.05 0.03


VOL
0.04
0.2 0.02
0.03
0.02
0.1 RL = 10kΩ 0.01 RL = 10kΩ
0.01 RL = 100kΩ
RL = 100kΩ
0 0 0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80
OUTPUT LOAD CURRENT (mA) TEMPERATURE (°C) TEMPERATURE (°C)

LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN


vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING
140 140
MAX4249-57 TOC09

140
MAX4249-57 TOC08
MAX4249-57 TOC07

RL = 200kΩ
RL = 200kΩ 130
130 130
120 RL = 20kΩ 120
120
110 110
AV (dB)

RL = 2kΩ RL = 200kΩ RL = 20kΩ


AV (dB)

110 RL = 20kΩ
AV (dB)

100 100 RL = 2kΩ


100
90 90
90 RL = 2kΩ
80 80

70 80 70

60 VDD = 3V 70 VDD = 3V 60 VDD = 5V


RL REFERENCED TO GND RL REFERENCED TO GND RL REFERENCED TO GND
50 60 50
0 50 100 150 200 250 0 50 100 150 200 250 0 50 100 150 200 250
VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV) VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV) VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV)

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 5
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
MAX4249–MAX4257

Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)


(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = VOUT = VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/√Hz for all distortion measurements,
TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN LARGE-SIGNAL VOLTAGE GAIN SUPPLY CURRENT AND SHUTDOWN
vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING vs. TEMPERATURE SUPPLY CURRENT vs. TEMPERATURE
150 125 460 MAX4249-57 TOC12
0.376

MAX4249-57 TOC11
MAX4249-57 TOC10

RL = 200kΩ PER AMPLIFIER


140

SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)


RL = 20kΩ 440
130 120
RL REFERENCED TO VDD/2

SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)


120 VDD = 5V 420 0.375
RL = 2kΩ
AV (dB)

110 115
AV (dB)

100 400
RL = 100kΩ SHDN = VDD
90 110
VOUT = 10mV
TO 4.99mV 380 0.374
80
105 RL = 1kΩ RL = 10kΩ SHDN = VSS
70
VOUT = 20mV 360
VDD = 5V VOUT = 150mV
60 RL REFERENCED TO GND TO 4.75mV TO 4.975mV
50 100 340 0.373
0 50 100 150 200 250 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80
VOUT SWING FROM EITHER SUPPLY (mV) TEMPERATURE (°C) TEMPERATURE (°C)

SUPPLY CURRENT AND SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT INPUT OFFSET VOLTAGE


SUPPLY CURRENT vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE vs. SUPPLY VOLTAGE
MAX4249-57 TOC13
440 0.6 180

MAX4249-57 TOC15
2000 MAX4249-57 TOC14
VCM = 0
PER AMPLIFIER
VOUT = VDD/2
160
SHUTDOWN SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)

420 0.5 RL REFERENCED TO GND


SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)
SUPPLY CURRENT (µA)

SHDN = VDD 1000 140


400 0.4
VDD = 5V
VOS (µV)

SHDN = VSS 120


RL = 10kΩ
380 0.3
100 RL = 1kΩ
400
360 0.2
VDD = 3V 80

340 0.1 60
RL = 100kΩ

320 0 100 40
1.8 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.3 4.8 5.3 5.5 0.001 0.01 0.1 1 5 1.8 2.3 2.8 3.3 3.8 4.3 4.8 5.3
SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V) OUTPUT VOLTAGE (V) SUPPLY VOLTAGE (V)

MAX4250–MAX4254
MAX4250–MAX4254 MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 POWER-SUPPLY REJECTION RATIO
GAIN AND PHASE vs. FREQUENCY GAIN AND PHASE vs. FREQUENCY vs. FREQUENCY
MAX4249-57 TOC16 MAX4249-57 TOC17
60 180 60 180 0
MAX4249-57 TOC18

VDD = 3V, 5V VDD = 3V, 5V VDD = 3V, 5V


50 RL = 50kΩ 144 50 RL = 50kΩ 144 -10
CL = 20pF CL = 20pF -20
40 108 40 108
AV = 1000 AV = 1000 GAIN
-30
PHASE (DEGREES)

30 72 30 72
PHASE (DEGREES)

GAIN -40
20 36 20 36
PSRR (dB)
GAIN (dB)
GAIN (dB)

-50
10 0 10 0
-60 PSRR+
0 -36 0 -36
-70
-10 -72 -10 PHASE -72 -80 PSRR-
-20 PHASE -108 -20 -108 -90
-30 -144 -30 -144 -100
-40 -180 -40 -180 -110
100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 1 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
FREQUENCY (Hz) FREQUENCY (Hz) FREQUENCY (Hz)

6 _______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps

MAX4249–MAX4257
Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)
(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = VOUT = VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/√Hz for all distortion measurements,
TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
OUTPUT IMPEDANCE INPUT VOLTAGE-N0ISE DENSITY
vs. FREQUENCY vs. FREQUENCY 0.1Hz TO 10HzP-P NOISE
1000 30

Vn-EQUIVALENT INPUT NOISE-VOLTAGE (nV/√Hz)

MAX4249-57 TOC21
MAX4249-57 TOC20
MAX4249-57 TOC19
AV = 10 (MAX4249/MAX4255/ VDD = 3V OR 5V
MAX4256/MAX4257)
25
100
OUTPUT IMPEDANCE (Ω)

20

200nV/div
10 15

10
1
5
AV = 1 (MAX4250–MAX4254)
VP-PNOISE = 760nVP-P
0.1 0
1k 10k 100k 1M 10M 10 100 1k 10k 100k 1s/div
FREQUENCY (Hz) FREQUENCY (Hz)

MAX4250–MAX4254
MAX4250–MAX4254 MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE
FFT OF DISTORTION AND NOISE FFT OF DISTORTION AND NOISE vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VDD = 5V)
0 20 10
MAX4249-57 TOC23
MAX4249-57 TOC22

MAX4249-57 TOC24
VOUT = 2VP-P RL = 1kΩ VOUT = 4VP-P AV = 10
fO = 1kHz VIN
-20 fO = 1kHz 0 fO = 3kHz
FILTER BW = 30kHz VO
AV = 1
-40 -20 VIN 1 RL
VO
AMPLITUDE (dBc)
AMPLITUDE (dBc)

11kΩ 100kΩ
-60 -40
THD+N (%)

fO 10kΩ
fO -60 11kΩ 100kΩ
-80 0.1 RL = 1kΩ
-100 -80
HD2 HD4 HD2
-120 -100 HD3 0.01
HD5
HD3
RL = 10kΩ
-140 -120

-140 RL = 100kΩ
-160 0.001
10 5k 10k 15k 20k 10 5k 10k 15k 20k 0 1 2 3 4 5
FREQUENCY (Hz) FREQUENCY (Hz) OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VP-P)

MAX4250–MAX4254 MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 MAX4250–MAX4254


TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION PLUS NOISE TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION
vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING (VDD = 3V) vs. OUTPUT VOLTAGE SWING PLUS NOISE vs. FREQUENCY
10 1 1
MAX4249-57 TOC26

MAX4249-57 TOC27
MAX4249-57 TOC25

VIN AV = 10 VIN VIN


VOUT VOUT VOUT
RL RL RL
1
100kΩ 11kΩ 100kΩ 0.1 R1 R2
11kΩ 0.1
THD+N (%)

THD+N (%)

THD+N (%)

R1 = 560Ω, R2 = 53kΩ AV = 100


0.1 RL = 1kΩ 0.01
fO = 20kHz, FILTER BW = 80kHz AV = 10
R1 = 5.6kΩ, R2 = 53kΩ
0.01
0.01 RL = 10kΩ
0.001
AV = 10 RL = 100kΩ FILTER BW = 22kHz
fO = 3kHz AV = 1
fO = 3kHz, FILTER BW = 30kHz RL = 10kΩ TO GND
FILTER BW = 30kHz VO = 2VP-P
0.001 0.001 0.0001
0 1 2 3 0 1 2 3 4 5 10 100 1k 10k
OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VP-P) OUTPUT VOLTAGE (VP-P) FREQUENCY (Hz)

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 7
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
MAX4249–MAX4257

Typical Operating Characteristics (continued)


(VDD = 5V, VSS = 0V, VCM = VOUT = VDD/2, input noise floor of test equipment =10nV/√Hz for all distortion measurements,
TA = +25°C, unless otherwise noted.)
MAX4250–MAX4254 MAX4250–MAX4254 MAX4250–MAX4254
TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION LARGE-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE SMALL-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE
PLUS NOISE vs. FREQUENCY

MAX4249-57 TOC30
MAX4249-57 TOC29
0.1 MAX4249-57 TOC28
FILTER BW = 80kHz 0.6V
1.5V
AV = 1
RL = 1kΩ
VOUT = 2VP-P
0.01 VOUT
RL TO VDD/2 VOUT 20mV/div
THD+N(%)

200mV/div
RL TO GND

0.001 VDD = 3V 0.5V VDD = 3V


0.5V RL = 10kΩ
RL TO VDD RL = 10kΩ
CL = 100pF CL = 100pF
VIN = 1V PULSE VIN = 100V PULSE

0.0001 2µs/div 2µs/div


10 100 1k 10k
FREQUENCY (Hz)
MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 CHANNEL SEPARATION vs. FREQUENCY
LARGE-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE SMALL-SIGNAL PULSE RESPONSE 140

MAX4249-57 TOC33
MAX4249-57 TOC31

MAX4249-57 TOC32

130
2V
CHANNEL SEPARATION (dB)
120

110
1.6V
100
VOUT
200mV/div VOUT
50mV/div 90
1.5V
VDD = 3V VDD = 3V 80
RL = 10kΩ RL = 10kΩ
1V CL = 100pF CL = 100pF 70
VIN = 100mV PULSE VIN = 10mV PULSE
AV = 10 0
AV = 10
1k 10k 100k 1M 10M
2µs/div 2µs/div FREQUENCY (Hz)

8 _______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Pin/Bump Description

MAX4249–MAX4257
PIN/BUMP
MAX4250/ MAX4251/ MAX4252/ MAX4249/
MAX4252 MAX4254 NAME FUNCTION
MAX4255 MAX4256 MAX4257 MAX4253
5-PIN 8-PIN 8-PIN 8-BUMP 10-BUMP 10-PIN 14-PIN 14-PIN
SOT23 SO/µMAX SO/µMAX UCSP UCSP µMAX SO SO
OUT, OUTA,
1, 7, 8, OUTB,
1 6 1, 7 A1, A3 A1, C1 1, 9 1, 13 Amplifier Output
14 OUTC,
OUTD

Negative Supply.
VSS Connect to
2 4 4 C2 B4 4 4 11
ground for single-
supply operation
IN+, INA+,
3, 5, 10, Noninverting
3 3 3, 5 C1, C3 A3, C3 3, 7 3, 11 INB+, INC+,
12 Amplifier Input
IND+
IN-, INA-,
2, 6, 9, Inverting
4 2 2, 6 B1, B3 A2, C2 2, 8 2, 12 INB-,
13 Amplifier Input
INC-, IND-
5 7 8 A2 B1 10 14 4 VDD Positive Supply

Shutdown Input,
Connect to VDD
SHDN, or leave
— 8 — — A4, C4 5, 6 6, 9 — SHDNA, unconnected for
SHDNB normal operation
(amplifier(s)
enabled).

No Connection.
5, 7,
— 1, 5 — — — — — N.C. Not internally
8, 10
connected.
Not populated
— — — B2 B2, B3 — — — — with solder
sphere

Detailed Description cy, and can drive capacitive loads up to 400pF without
oscillation. The input common-mode voltage range
The MAX4249–MAX4257 single-supply operational
extends from VDD - 1.1V to 200mV beyond the negative
amplifiers feature ultra-low noise and distortion while
rail. The push-pull output stage maintains excellent DC
consuming very little power. Their low distortion and low
characteristics, while delivering up to ±5mA of current.
noise make them ideal for use as preamplifiers in wide
dynamic-range applications, such as 16-bit analog-to- The MAX4250–4254 are unity-gain stable, whereas, the
digital converters (see Typical Operating Circuit). Their MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 have a higher
high-input impedance and low noise are also useful for slew rate and are stable for gains ≥ 10V/V. The
signal conditioning of high-impedance sources, such MAX4249/MAX4251/MAX4253/MAX4256 feature a low-
as piezoelectric transducers. power shutdown mode, which reduces the supply cur-
rent to 0.5µA and disables the outputs.
These devices have true rail-to-rail output operation,
drive loads as low as 1kΩ while maintaining DC accura- The MAX4250AAUK is specified for operation over the
automotive (-40°C to +125°C) temperature range.

_______________________________________________________________________________________ 9
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Low Distortion
MAX4249–MAX4257

Many factors can affect the noise and distortion that the
device contributes to the input signal. The following CZ
guidelines offer valuable information on the impact of
design choices on Total Harmonic Distortion (THD).
RF
Choosing proper feedback and gain resistor values for
a particular application can be a very important factor RG
in reducing THD. In general, the smaller the closed- VOUT
loop gain, the smaller the THD generated, especially
when driving heavy resistive loads. Large-value feed-
back resistors can significantly improve distortion. The VIN
THD of the part normally increases at approximately
20dB per decade, as a function of frequency.
Operating the device near or above the full-power
bandwidth significantly degrades distortion.
Referencing the load to either supply also improves the Figure 1. Adding Feed-Forward Compensation
part’s distortion performance, because only one of the
MOSFETs of the push-pull output stage drives the out-
put. Referencing the load to midsupply increases the
part’s distortion for a given load and feedback setting. AV = 2V/V
RF = RG = 10kΩ
(See the Total Harmonic Distortion vs. Frequency graph
VIN =
in the Typical Operating Characteristics.) 100mV
50mV/div
For gains ≥ 10V/V, the decompensated devices
MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257 deliver the
best distortion performance, since they have a higher 0
slew rate and provide a higher amount of loop gain for VOUT =
a given closed-loop gain setting. Capacitive loads 100mV/div
below 400pF, do not significantly affect distortion
results. Distortion performance remains relatively con-
stant over supply voltages.
Low Noise 2µs/div
The amplifier’s input-referred, noise-voltage density is
dominated by flicker noise at lower frequencies, and by Figure 2a. Pulse Response with No Feed-Forward
Compensation
thermal noise at higher frequencies. Because the ther-
mal noise contribution is affected by the parallel combi-
nation of the feedback resistive network (R F || R G , AV = 2
Figure 1), these resistors should be reduced in cases RF = RG = 100kΩ
where the system bandwidth is large and thermal noise CZ = 11pF
is dominant. This noise contribution factor decreases, 100mV 50mV/div
however, with increasing gain settings. VIN
For example, the input noise-voltage density of the cir-
0
cuit with RF = 100kΩ, RG = 11kΩ (AV = 10V/V) is en =
15nV/√Hz, en can be reduced to 9nV/√Hz by choosing 100mV/div
RF = 10kΩ, RG = 1.1kΩ (AV = 10V/V), at the expense
VOUT
of greater current consumption and potentially higher
distortion. For a gain of 100V/V with RF = 100kΩ, RG =
1.1kΩ, the en is low (9nV/√Hz).
2µs/div

Figure 2b. Pulse Response with 10pF Feed-Forward


Compensation

10 ______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Using a Feed-Forward Compensation

MAX4249–MAX4257
Capacitor, CZ
The amplifier’s input capacitance is 11pF. If the resis-
tance seen by the inverting input is large (feedback
network), this can introduce a pole within the amplifier’s
RISO bandwidth, resulting in reduced phase margin.
VOUT Compensate the reduced phase margin by introducing
a feed-forward capacitor (CZ) between the inverting
CL
MAX4250 input and the output (Figure 1). This effectively cancels
VIN MAX4251 the pole from the inverting input of the amplifier.
MAX4252 Choose the value of CZ as follows:
MAX4253
MAX4254
CZ = 11 x (RF / RG) [pF]

In the unity-gain stable MAX4250–MAX4254, the use of


a proper C Z is most important for A V = 2V/V, and
Figure 3. Overdriven Input Showing No Phase Reversal A V = -1V/V. In the decompensated MAX4249/
MAX4255/MAX4256/MAX4257, CZ is most important
for A V = 10V/V. Figures 2a and 2b show transient
response both with and without CZ.
4.25V Using a slightly smaller CZ than suggested by the for-
mula above achieves a higher bandwidth at the
VOUT expense of reduced phase and gain margin. As a gen-
eral guideline, consider using CZ for cases where RG ||
0
R F is greater than 20kΩ (MAX4250–MAX4254) or
4.45V greater than 5kΩ (MAX4249/MAX4255/MAX4256/
MAX4257).
VIN
0 -200mV Applications Information
AV = 1 The MAX4249–MAX4257 combine good driving capa-
VDD = 5V
RL = 10kΩ
bility with ground-sensing input and rail-to-rail output
operation. With their low distortion, low noise, and low-
20µs/div power consumption, these devices are ideal for use in
portable instrumentation systems and other low-power,
Figure 4. Rail-to-Rail Output Operation
noise-sensitive applications.
Ground-Sensing and Rail-to-Rail Outputs
5V
The common-mode input range of these devices
extends below ground, and offers excellent common-
mode rejection. These devices are guaranteed not to
VOUT undergo phase reversal when the input is overdriven
1V/div (Figure 3).
Figure 4 showcases the true rail-to-rail output operation
of the amplifier, configured with AV = 10V/V. The output
swings to within 8mV of the supplies with a 10kΩ load,
0
VDD = 5V
making the devices ideal in low-supply-voltage applica-
RL = 10kΩ tions.
AV = 10
f = 1kHz Output Loading and Stability
Even with their low quiescent current of 400µA, these
200µs/div amplifiers can drive 1kΩ loads while maintaining excel-
Figure 5. Capacitive-Load Driving Circuit lent DC accuracy. Stability while driving heavy capaci-
tive loads is another key feature.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 11
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
160 4.5
VDD = 3V
140 4.0

UNITY-GAIN BANDWIDTH (MHz)


120 3.5

3.0
100
RISO (Ω)

2.5
80
2.0
60
1.5
40 SHADED AREA INDICATES SHADED AREA INDICATES
STABLE OPERATION 1.0 STABLE OPERATION
20 WITH NO NEED FOR WITH NO NEED FOR
ISOLATION RESISTOR. 0.5
ISOLATION RESISTOR.
0 0
10 100 1000 10,000 10 100 1000 10,000
CAPACITIVE LOADING (pF) CAPACITIVE LOAD (pF)
NOTE: USING AN ISOLATION RESISTOR REDUCES PEAKING. NOTE: RISO CHOSEN FOR PEAKING <2dB.

Figure 6. Isolation Resistance vs. Capacitive Loading to Figure 8. MAX4250–MAX4254 Unity-Gain Bandwidth vs.
Minimize Peaking (<2dB) Capacitive Load

For example, if the capacitive load is 1000pF, the corre-


25 sponding isolation resistor is 150Ω. Figure 7 shows that
MAX4250–MAX4254 (AV = 1)
MAX4249/MAX4255–MAX4257 (AV = 10)
peaking occurs without the isolation resistor. Figure 8
20 RISO = 0 shows the unity-gain bandwidth vs. capacitive load for
the MAX4250–MAX4254.
SHADED AREA INDICATES
PEAKING (dB)

15 STABLE OPERATION
WITH NO NEED FOR
Power Supplies and Layout
ISOLATION RESISTOR. The MAX4249–MAX4257 operate from a single 2.4V to
10 5.5V power supply or from dual supplies of ±1.20V to
±2.75V. For single-supply operation, bypass the power
5 supply with a 0.1µF ceramic capacitor placed close to
the VDD pin. If operating from dual supplies, bypass
0 each supply to ground.
10 100 1000 10,000
CAPACITIVE LOAD (pF)
Good layout improves performance by decreasing the
amount of stray capacitance and noise at the op amp’s
inputs and output. To decrease stray capacitance, min-
Figure 7. Peaking vs. Capacitive Load imize PC board trace lengths and resistor leads, and
place external components close to the op amp’s pins.
These devices maintain stability while driving loads up UCSP Applications Information
to 400pF. To drive higher capacitive loads, place a For the latest application details on UCSP construction,
small isolation resistor in series between the output of dimensions, tape carrier information, PC board tech-
the amplifier and the capacitive load (Figure 5). This niques, bump-pad layout, and recommended reflow
resistor improves the amplifier’s phase margin by isolat- temperature profile, as well as the latest information on
ing the capacitor from the op amp’s output. Reference reliability testing results, refer to the Application Note:
Figure 6 to select a resistance value that will ensure a UCSP—A Wafer-Level Chip-Scale Package on Maxim’s
load capacitance that limits peaking to <2dB (25%). web site at www.maxim-ic.com/ucsp.

12 ______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Typical Operating Circuit

MAX4249–MAX4257
5V

VDD
50kΩ

2
7 MAX195
(16-BIT ADC)
6
AIN DOUT
MAX4256
3
VIN SHDN SCLK SERIAL
8 INTERFACE
4
CS
5kΩ
REF 4.096V
VSS

-5V
SHDN

Selector Guide
GAIN MINIMUM NO. OF
SHUTDOWN
PART BANDWIDTH STABLE AMPLIFIERS PIN-PACKAGE
MODE
(MHz) GAIN (V/V) PER PACKAGE
MAX4249 22 10 2 Yes 10-pin µMAX, 14-pin SO
MAX4250/A 3 1 1 — 5-pin SOT23
MAX4251 3 1 1 Yes 8-pin µMAX/SO
MAX4252 3 1 2 — 8-pin µMAX/SO, 8-bump UCSP
10-pin µMAX, 14-pin SO,
MAX4253 3 1 2 Yes
10-bump UCSP
MAX4254 3 1 4 — 14-pin SO
MAX4255 22 10 1 — 5-pin SOT23
MAX4256 22 10 1 Yes 8-pin µMAX/SO
MAX4257 22 10 2 — 8-pin µMAX/SO

______________________________________________________________________________________ 13
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
MAX4249–MAX4257

Pin/Bump Configurations (continued)

TOP VIEW

+ + +
OUT 1 5 VDD N.C. 1 8 SHDN OUTA 1 8 VDD

IN- 2 7 VDD INA- 2 7 OUTB


MAX4250 MAX4251 MAX4252
VSS 2 MAX4250A IN+ 3 MAX4256 6 OUT INA+ 3 MAX4257 6 INB-
MAX4255
VSS 4 5 N.C. VSS 4 5 INB+
IN+ 3 4 IN-

μMAX/SO μMAX/SO
SOT23

+ + +
OUTA 1 10 VDD OUTA 1 14 VDD OUTA 1 14 OUTD

INA- 2 9 OUTB INA- 2 13 OUTB INA- 2 13 IND-


MAX4249
INA+ 3 MAX4253 8 INB- INA+ 3 12 INB- INA+ 3 12 IND+
VSS 4 7 INB+ VSS 4 MAX4249 11 INB+ VDD 4 MAX4254 11 VSS
MAX4253
SHDNA 5 6 SHDNB N.C. 5 10 N.C. INB+ 5 10 INC+
SHDNA 6 9 SHDNB INB- 6 9 INC-
μMAX
N.C. 7 8 N.C. OUTB 7 8 OUTC

SO SO

Ordering Information (continued)


PIN- TOP
PART TEMP RANGE
PACKAGE MARK
MAX4251ESA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 SO —
MAX4251EUA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 µMAX —
MAX4252EBL+T -40°C to +85°C 8 UCSP AAO
MAX4252ESA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 SO —
MAX4252EUA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 µMAX —
MAX4253EBC+T -40°C to +85°C 10 UCSP AAK
MAX4253EUB+ -40°C to +85°C 10 µMAX —
MAX4253ESD+ -40°C to +85°C 14 SO —
MAX4254ESD+ -40°C to +85°C 14 SO —
MAX4255EUK+T -40°C to +85°C 5 SOT23 ACCJ
MAX4256ESA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 SO —
MAX4256EUA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 µMAX —
MAX4257ESA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 SO —
MAX4257EUA+ -40°C to +85°C 8 µMAX —

14 ______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Package Information

MAX4249–MAX4257
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a "+", "#", or
"-" in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing per-
tains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

LAND
PACKAGE TYPE PACKAGE CODE OUTLINE NO.
PATTERN NO.
5 SOT-23 U5+2 21-0057 90-0174
8 µMAX U8+1 21-0036 90-0092
10 µMAX U10+2 21-0061 90-0330
3 x 3 µCSP B9+5 21-0093 —
14 SOIC S14+1 21-0041 90-0112
12 µCSP B12+4 21-0104 —

______________________________________________________________________________________ 15
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
MAX4249–MAX4257

Package Information (continued)


For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a "+", "#", or
"-" in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing per-
tains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

16 ______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Package Information (continued)

MAX4249–MAX4257
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a "+", "#", or
"-" in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing per-
tains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 17
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
MAX4249–MAX4257

Package Information (continued)


For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a "+", "#", or
"-" in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing per-
tains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

9LUCSP, 3x3.EPS

18 ______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps

MAX4249–MAX4257
Package Information (continued)
For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a "+", "#", or
"-" in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing per-
tains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

______________________________________________________________________________________ 19
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps
Package Information (continued)
MAX4249–MAX4257

For the latest package outline information and land patterns (footprints), go to www.maxim-ic.com/packages. Note that a "+", "#", or
"-" in the package code indicates RoHS status only. Package drawings may show a different suffix character, but the drawing per-
tains to the package regardless of RoHS status.

20 ______________________________________________________________________________________
UCSP, Single-Supply, Low-Noise,
Low-Distortion, Rail-to-Rail Op Amps

MAX4249–MAX4257
Revision History

REVISION REVISION PAGES


DESCRIPTION
NUMBER DATE CHANGED
Added lead-free packaging to the Ordering Information and changed the Input Bias
8 10/11 1, 2, 14
Current and Input Offset Current conditions in the Electrical Characteristics table

Maxim cannot assume responsibility for use of any circuitry other than circuitry entirely embodied in a Maxim product. No circuit patent licenses are
implied. Maxim reserves the right to change the circuitry and specifications without notice at any time. The parametric values (min and max limits) shown in
the Electrical Characteristics table are guaranteed. Other parametric values quoted in this data sheet are provided for guidance.

21 ____________________Maxim Integrated Products, 120 San Gabriel Drive, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 408-737-7600

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