Sei sulla pagina 1di 7

INTRODUCTION

(i.e.,
is

or

or
ro
a
a

llL

@t

3
LlI-i51 C61

C/l,C81 LOO

use
~oour in

low

nzme

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.
sin 9 J[er cosL 9

1
ARRAY sin 9 J[cr jYJ I

ELEMENT 1 ( E ~ sin J~E,. COS”


I jy) sin 9
DIPOLE .SO000 WAVELENGTHS LONG
wnere angle the reflectea wave, measurea
from horizontal
ELEMENT
POSITION ELEMENT ROTATION cr relative dielectric constant of the
grouna
0.0 PHI 0.0
U/f
0.0 THETA 90.000 u conductivity the ground in
frequency in MHz.
0.0
The above reflection coefficients are complex
ELEMENT WEIGHT 1.0000 AT 0.0 DEG. quantities. The reflected wave should be multiplied
b y the reflection coefficient ana then the phase
corresponding to the additional distance traveled
tne reflected wave S h O U l d be aaded to the phase of the
result. The additional phase is

Figure Annie’s Define Array menu (or form) allows Q 2p[ cos(0) sin(61 since) z cos(e)
the user to view the valueof all important parameters
and to change those interest. wnere coordinates antenna center
2nlX
6,8 azimuth and zenith angle of oesired
far field direction.

QRRAYS

PHI
ARRAY A *I**

1) DIPOLE. LENGTH=.SOOOO, 0.0, Y= 0.0, 2=1.0000, PHI=90.000,


THETA=90.000, YEIGHT=1.0000, ANGLE= 0.0

2) DIPOLE, LENGTH=.50000, Y= 0.0, 2=1.0000, PHI=90.000,


THETA=90.000, WEIGHT=l.0000, ANGLE=90.000

ARRAY E

1) ARRAY LENGTH=.50000, 0.0, Y= 0.0, z= 0.0, FHI= 0.0,


THETA= 0.0, WEIGHT=1.0000, ANGLE= 0.0

2) ARRAY A, LENGTH=.SOOOO, 0.0, Z= 0.0, FHI= 0.0,


THETA= 0.0. WEIGHT=f.OOUO, ANGLE= 0.0

3) ARRAY A, LENGTH=.SOOOO, 0.0, Y=-.7500, 0.0, PHI= 0.0.


THETA- 0.0, WEIGHT=1.0000, ANGLE= 0.0

Figure 2. six element array in free space is an


example of Annie’s plotting capability.

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.
I INCLUDED

: * X

0.0, 0.0,

ZI DIPOLE, Y= 2=1.0000,
o:I.O,

B **t*

0.0, Z = 0.0, P H I =

2 ) AKRAV

0.0, Y=-.7500,
0.0,

3.

of
C91,

e',
e

CIOI,

0.0, cos(~)cos(6,1 I

+.005
of
how
P

of Pv

B)
P =
e

+ j C101.
B

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.
Society Nevmlet+er.

1 ) DIPOLE, LENGTH=.52310, 0.0, Z= 0.0, PH1=90.000,


THETR=90.<100, WEIGHT=2.3593, ANGLE=lO8.00

2 ) DIPOLE,LENGTH=.S0220, 0.0, 0.0, Z= 0.0, PHI=90.000,


THETA=90.000, WEIGHT=12.000, ANGLE=313.00

3 ) DIPOLE, LENGTH=.48260, 0.0, Z= 0.0, PH1=99.000,


THETA=90.000, WEIGHTr6.1973, ANGLE=156.00

Of
is
(6)

L111,

8 leads

IC+. 110,

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.
IEEE

90
H 0625 0751 H 1

IGI H

(J) M)H

edCh

E* 15).

hours) the
2

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.
Antennas and Propagation February 1987

3 of

is

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.
Rautio, "The Effect Real Ground on Antennas
'art 2," Apr. 1984, pp. 34-36.

C31 Rautio, "The Effect Real Ground on Antennas


Parr 3 , " June 1984, pp. 30-35.

Rautio, "The Effect of Real Ground Antennas


Part Aug. 1984, pp. 31-35.

C 5 1 Rautio, "The Effect of Real Ground on Antennas


Part 5 , " Nov. 1984, pp. 35-39.

C61 Annie is available from Sonnet Software, 4397 Luna


Course, Liverpool, 13090. C-64 version is
339.95 and the Apple and versions are $49.95. An
IBM version which requires the 8087 coprocessor is M. Kinzel is currently manager of phased array
$170.00. A 56 page manual is included. printers technology at General Electric's Electronics Labora-
sre not Sllpported. tory in Syracuse, New York. He has responsibility
for the identification and development of applica-
Thurber, "Antennas: A at Annie," CQ, Harch tions for microwave and millimeter-wave monolithic
1985, p p . 60-63. technology, which includes providingGaAs phased
array module leadership involving C-band solid-state
C81 Grubbs, "Mail-orber Annie," 73 for Radio Amateurs, radar, Videband module technology, X-band transmit/
SepT. 1985, p g . 7 7 . receive modules, 20 GHz module technology, plus array
and module technology for missile seeker and V-band
C91 Jordan and Balrnain, Electromagnetic Waves and Ispace-based radar applications.
Radiation Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs,
1968.

ClOl Hollis, Lyon and Clayton, Microwave Antenna


Measurments, Scientific Atlanta, Inc., Atlanta GA,
July 1970.

E 1 1 1 Kraus and Carver, Electromagnetics, McGraw Hill,


1973.

E121 Hastings, Approximations for Digital Computers,


Princeton University Press, Princeton. N J , 1955.

C131 Julian, Logan and Rockway, MIN1NEC:A Mini-


Numerical Electromagnetics Code, Naval Ocean Systems
Cenrer (NOSCI, San Diego, CA, Sept. 1982.

[I41 Steinberg, Principles of Aperture and Array


Design, John Wiley Sons, York, 1976.

The XXIInd General Assembly of the International


Radio Science Union (URSI) will be held in Tel Aviv,
Israel, August 24 September 2, 1987 (see page 18
the October, 1986 Newsletter for an announcement). A
blue "First Announcement" booklet, describing the
General Assembly, the technical program, and providing
r e g i s t r a t i o na n dt r a v e li n f o r m a t i o nh a sb e e n
d i s t r i b u t e d .C o p i e sa r ea v a i l a b l ef r o mt h e
Secretariat, General Assembly, POB 50006, Tel
A v i v6 1 5 0 0 ,I s r a e l ,t e l e p h o n e0 3 - 6 5 4 5 7 1 ,T e l e x
341171 KENS IL.
of of

11 1
Kenes Travel Israel is the agency identified
13244-1240 in this announcement for those wishing to use their
(315) 423-3775 13210 services in connectionwith travel: Note, however,
(31 423-4397 that their United States representative no longer
The editorial staff of the AP-S Newsletter con- thatgiven in theaboveFirstAnnouncement.Their
tinues to actively solicit feature articles which U.S. representative is now the following:
describe engineering activities taking place in
industry, government, and universities. Emphasis Contact: Mr. Gilbert Garber
is placed on providing the reader with a general Garber Travel
understanding of the technical problems being ad- 1047 Commonwealth Avenue
dressed by various engineering organizations as Boston, MA 02215
well as their capabilities to cope with these
problems. If you or anyone else in your organ- Telephone: (6171-787-0600
ization is interested in submittingan article, Telex: 200230 GARBUR
we encourage you to contact Tapan K. Sarkar to Cable: GARTRAV
to discuss the appropriateness of the topic.
?lease address all correspondence to Prof. Sarkar. Mai 1 ing address: PO Box 404
Brookline, MA 02146

Authorized licensd use limted to: IE Xplore. Downlade on May 10,2 at 19:02 UTC from IE Xplore. Restricon aply.