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DIVISIO N S O F

-A R T -
DIVISIONs OF ART
A. WITH RESPECT TO PURPOSE

1. PRACTICAL ARTS
directed to produce artifacts and
utensils which cope with human
needs
DIVISIONs OF ART
A. WITH RESPECT TO PURPOSE

2. liberal ARTS
intellectual efforts are considered;
take for the cases of AB Courses
like Philosophy, Psychology, Social
Sciences, Journalism.
DIVISIONs OF ART
A. WITH RESPECT TO PURPOSE

3. fine ARTS
products of the human creativity in
so far as they express beauty in
different ways and different media
like drawing, painting.
DIVISIONs OF ART
A. WITH RESPECT TO PURPOSE

4. major ARTS
characterized by their actual and
potential expressiveness like
music, poetry, sculpture
DIVISIONs OF ART
A. WITH RESPECT TO PURPOSE

5. minor ARTS
connected with practical uses
and purposes like interior
design, landscape, porcelain
making
DIVISIONs OF ART
b. WITH RESPECT TO media and forms

1. plastic ARTS
perceived by sense of sight
like painting, sculpture,
architecture
DIVISIONs OF ART
b. WITH RESPECT TO media and forms

2. phonetic ARTS
based on sounds and words
like music, poetry, drama,
literature
DIVISIONs OF ART
b. WITH RESPECT TO media and forms

3. kinetic ARTS
rhythmic movement like the
different kinds of dances
DIVISIONs OF ART
b. WITH RESPECT TO media and forms

4. pure ARTS
which only take one medium
of expression as sound in
music and color in painting
DIVISIONs OF ART
b. WITH RESPECT TO media and forms

5. mixed ARTS
which use two or more media
like opera – is a combination
of music, poetry and drama
classifications OF
-A R T -
Space ARTS
can be seen and occupy space

Two-dimensional Three-dimensional
seen only in one angle seen in several angles
time ARTS
can be heard and are expressed in time
combined ARTS
can both be seen and heard, which exist both in space and time
hierarchy O F
-A R T s -
IMMANUEL KANT
Music is the lowest of all arts because it only gives
sensible pleasures.

Arthur Schopenhauer
Music is the greatest because it is capable of freeing
man from his fears and desires, from his anger and
despair, and from other passions and anxieties.

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel


Poetry has the best qualities like immediate perception,
creative imagination, development of thoughts and events.

Gottfried Leibnitz
The fusion of poetry and music is the highest art.
hierarchy OF A R T S

There is no final manner by which a hierarchy of the arts may


be established. Each art has its own value and each person has
his/her own preferences or opinions.
WHERE DOES

Lie?
a combination of qualities, such as
shape, color, or form, that pleases the
aesthetic senses, especially the sight.
Beauty is out there; it is objective.
It is a primary quality that resides in the object.

Beauty is not there;


It is secondary quality that resides in the perceiver. (John Locke)

Beauty is neither primary nor secondary;


it is tertiary in nature. It depends on the appropriate situational
perspective.
Categories of
Beautiful
THE SUBLIME
enjoyment is aroused by
astonishment and awe
THE NICE
enjoyment is aroused by
sympathy, love, benevolence,
tenderness and modesty
THE COMIC
enjoyment is aroused
because it makes us laugh
Is everything in
nature and art
beautiful?
Why are certain
things called
Everything in nature and art is
beautiful for everything is created
perfect according to its nature and
form. All things are beautiful and
perfect in themselves, BUT not in
relation to us.
Why are certain
things called
loss of significance
subject O F

-A R T -
Subject of Art
❖ Matter to be described or to be portrayed by the artist.
❖ Can be classified into:
❖ REPRESENTATIONAL ART or OBJECTIVE ART
❖ NON-REPRESENTATIONAL ART or NON-OBJECTIVE ART
Kinds of Subject
❖ Landscapes, seascapes, and cityscapes
❖ Still life
❖ Animals
❖ Portrait
❖ Figures
❖ Everyday life
Ways of Representing
art Subjects
REALISM
“What you see is what you
get.”

Things are depicted in the


way they would normally
appear in nature.
Elongation

ABSTRACTION Shortening

Process of simplifying Distortion


and/or recognizing objects
and elements according to
the demands of artistic Mangling
expression.
Cubism
ELONGATION
BEING LENGTHENED
SHORTENING
BEING SHORTENED
DISTORTION
TWISTING, STRETCHING, OR DEFORMING
MANGLING
CUT, LACERATED,
MUTILATED, AND HACKED
CUBISM
ORIGINATED BY
PICASSO
OVERLAPPING
TRANSPARENT
PLANES
SURREALISM
Also called “Super-
realism”.

Founded by Andre Breton


in 1924 in Paris, France.

Combination of realism
and distortion.

Giving expression to what


is subconscious.
DADAISM
“The killing of the arts”
Originated by Marcel Duchamp in
1916 in Zurich, Switzerland
Non-sensical
Came from the French word “dada”
meaning “hobby horse”
EXPRESSIONISM
Emphasis on the “inner
world” of subjective
feeling
FAUVISM
Led by Henri Matisse in
1903-1907 in France.
Characterized by the used
of extremely bright colors
FUTURISM
Movement and
dynamism of
the modern
world
Developed in
Italy
IMPRESSIONISM
Small vibrant
dots of color
Gave rise to
Pointillism
SYMBOLISM
USES SOMETHING INVISIBLE TO REPRESENT ANOTHER THING