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NAME: ANGGI YAKHIN GAMALIEL

GRADE: 10 (X)

GLOBAL CITIZEN BIOGRAPHY

ALBERT EINSTEIN
Albert Einstein was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany. Albert
Einstein was a German-born physicist and mathematician who developed the general theory of
relativity. He is considered one of the most influential physicists of the 20th century.

Albert Einstein grew up in a secular Jewish family. His


father named Hermann Einstein, was a salesman and engineer
who, with his brother, founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J.
Einstein & Cie, a Munich-based company that manufactured
electrical equipment. His mother, Pauline Koch, she was a
housewife and Pauline Koch ran the family household . Maja,
his sister was born two years after Albert’s birth.
Albert Einstein started his schooling at the Luitpold
Gymnasium in Munich. Later, they moved to Italy and he
continued his eduction at Aarau, Switzeland. 1896 he got into
college named Swiss Federal Polytechnic School in Zurich to
be trained as a teacher in physics and mathematics.
In 1900 he graduated with a degree in mathematics and
physics but at that time he failed to get teaching jod at a Albert Einstein
university. He worked on his first scientific work in 1901 and
Physicist and mathematician
finally he advertised himself in newspaper to give private
lessons.
In 1905, Einstein’s Miraculous Year. Annus Mirabilis – a name given only to a few years
in history. Einstein single-handedly added one to the list. In may, it was in this year that Albert
Einstein made important discoveries concerning the photoelectric effect (quantum theory of light,
the idea that light exists as photons), Brownian motion (proved the existence of atoms), the special
theory of relativity, and the famous E = mc2 equation. His four articles, collectively known as
his Annus Mirabilis papers, were published in Annalen der Physik, all in 1905.
After those years finally he became a doctorate at the university of Zurich in 1906 and
doctorate at the university of Berlin two years later. He hot eight awards related to his discoveries,
the most famous was Nobel Prize in Physics that he got in 1922 for discovering the photoelectric
Effect. Although Albert Einstein got a lot of awards, Since World War 1 began he became
politically active. 1914, He sign the manifesto of the Europeans to protest the war; 1925, protests
against compulsory military service together with Gandhi; published Why war? With Sigmund
Freud.
In World War 2 era, he was a head of the Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientist.
Promoted peaceful use of atomic energy and most of his activities revolve around armament
control and world government.
After his long journey Albert Einstein died at the University Medical Center at Princeton
early in the morning on April 18, 1955 at the age of 76.