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BATTERY CHARGER

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6 – 9 – 12 – 24 V / 10A

ACCESS TECHNOLOGIES

MUMBAI

THEORY

General :

A battery charger or recharger is a device used to put energy into a secondary cell or rechargeable battery by forcing an electric current through it. The charging protocol depends on the size and type of the battery being charged.

Some battery types have high tolerance for overcharging and can be recharged by connection to a constant voltage source or a constant current source; simple chargers of this type require manual disconnection at the end of the charge cycle, or advance chargers may have a timer to cut off charging current at a fixed time. Other battery types cannot withstand long high-rate over-charging and hence require advance battery chargers with temperature or voltage sensing circuits and a microprocessor controller to adjust the charging current, and cut off at the end of charge.

A trickle charger provides a relatively small amount of current, only enough to counteract self-discharge of a battery that is idle for a long time. Slow battery chargers may take several hours to complete a charge; high-rate chargers may restore most capacity within minutes or less than an hour, but generally require monitoring of the battery to protect it from overcharge. Electric vehicles need high- rate chargers for public access; installation of such chargers and the distribution support for them is an issue in the proposed adoption of electric cars.

About the Unit :

The Battery Charger provided is a simple basic type of Battery Charger used to charge Lead Acid Batteries

The circuit used is of a simple multi output (6 – 9 – 12 – 24 V / 10A) battery charger for Lead Acid battery.

upto 10 Amps current for

charging of the battery. If the battery is partially discharged, full charge will be

attained faster.\

The circuit uses a Multi Tap Step Down Transformer with switching and necessary rectifier circuit to convert AC to DC. Since pulsed DC is good for Lead Acid battery, a low value smoothing capacitor is used. To monitor the Voltage & Charging status, digital Voltmeter and Ammeter are provided. A Voltage Selector Switch to select Output Voltage and a MCB for Mains On / Off & safety is provided. Amains On Indicator is laos provided.

It gives various outputs

of

6,

9,

12

& 24 volts

Select voltage according to your requirement by rotating the rotary switch and take DC output
Select voltage according to your requirement by rotating the rotary switch and
take DC output of 10A (Max).
BATTERY CHARGER 24V,10A
VOLTMETER
AMMETER
MAINS
9V
DC OUTPUT
+
-
0V
12V
24V,10Amp.
24V
SELECT VOLTAGE
(Max). BATTERY CHARGER 24V,10A VOLTMETER AMMETER MAINS 9V DC OUTPUT + - 0V 12V 24V,10Amp. 24V

IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS

Read Rules for Safe Operation and Instructions Carefully Working in vicinity of a lead-acid battery is dangerous. Batteries generate explosive gases during normal battery operation. For this reason, it is of utmost importance that each time before using your charger, you read this manual and follow the instructions exactly.

Before you use your battery charger, be sure to read all instructions and cautions printed on :

• Battery Charger and its manual

• Battery and its manual

• Vehicle or unit using battery

Use battery charger on LEAD ACID type rechargeable batteries only, such as used in autos, trucks, tractors, airplanes, vans, RV's trolling motors, etc.

Charger is not intended to supply power to low-voltage electrical system other than in an automotive application.

WARNING: Do not use battery charger for charging dry-cell batteries that are commonly used with home appliances. These batteries may burst and cause injury to persons and damage to property.

The Battery Charger is intended for indoor use only. Do not expose to sunlight, rain, snow or dampness.

Keep the manual in a safe and easily accessible place

Switch OFF before Connecting / Disconnecting the Unit from Mains

Switch OFF the Unit, prior to connecting the battery at output

Use proper Capacity Cable to interconnect Output to Battery

Batteries generate explosive gases during their normal operation. Never smoke or allow an open spark or flame in the vicinity of the battery

Before using the charger, read and follow the batteries’ and any other involved equipment’s safety, installation instructions and cautionary markings

Never attempt to charge a frozen battery

Remove watches, bracelets or anything of that nature before working on the charger

Do not touch any uninsulated parts or components when the power is ON

Someone should be within range of your voice or close enough to come to your aid when you work near a lead acid battery

Have plenty of fresh water and soap nearby in case battery acid contacts skin, clothing, or eyes

Wear complete eye protection and clothing protection. Avoid touching eyes while working near battery

If battery acid contacts skin or clothing, wash immediately with soap and water

If acid enters eye, immediately flood eye with running cold water for at least 10 minutes and get medical attention immediately.

Do not install the charger/rectifier over a battery or a combustible surface

Do not obstruct the ventilation openings or the airflow space. Provide and ensure the appropriate ventilation

Servicing should be attempted by an authorized, qualified & experienced technician only. Do not start servicing the unit until at least five minutes have elapsed after turning it OFF and disconnecting all AC and DC supplies

Charging a Battery

CAUTION: A SPARK NEAR THE BATTERY MAY CAUSE BATTERY EXPLOSION. TO REDUCE RISK OF A SPARK NEAR BATTERY

1. Check polarity of battery posts. POSITIVE (POS, P,+) battery post usually has a larger diameter than NEGATIVE (NEG, N,–) post.

2. Attach a cable (not provided) to the NEGATIVE (NEG, N, –) battery post. This cable must be a minimum of 24” long, and of a wire gauge of proper capacity.

3. Connect POSITIVE (RED) cable & charger clip to POSITIVE (POS, P, +) post of battery.

4. Position yourself and the free end of the cable (installed in step #2) as FAR away from the battery as possible. FACING AWAY FROM THE BATTERY, connect the NEGATIVE (Black) charger clip to the free end of the cable.