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Ecclefiaftical Hiftory;
. Cootainingan ACCOUNT of the

Ecclefiaftical Authors;
9Pb;fl)sment of t|iett IHo^kjs:.
And a JUDGM EN T on their

A Compendious History of the Councils,
All Affiiirs Traafaded
in the CHV R CH.

Written in FRENCH
By Leipu Mies Ju TIN, Dodor of the SOKWN
Cmaaimngthe HISTORY of the TENTH CE N TUR Y

T»tti^ ,
r .
. ;


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Digiti/ca U

'Ki^ht 'Keverend 'Father in God,

Lord Bifliop of LONDON;

Of His Maje/ly's Moft Honourable FHvy Council , d^cf-

My Lord,
YOVR mu World
Generojity to Strangers,

and mufk admire^ hath

which all the

me to TMiJh thefe Tapers under the TroteFlion
of your Venerable Name. Thiy are ofjncb a Na^
tnre^ at may m a great meafure expeU a favourable
Bjeceffm from ym Lfisrdfkif , wm are one of the
Fathers of our Church • And may not he ungrate»^

fd to thofe ^ i»ho vmld kjjm what Luminaries Jhone^

and what Learn d Men Flouriflid even in thofe dar^
and ignorant days of Cbrifliardty.

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The Dedication.
My Lord
I mil not trouble your Lord/hip with a hng Accowri

of , Du-PinV Ter/ormance , i»hom you very mil

underftandin the Original and much more the Fathers
'of rphofe Writings and Lives he has given us an
tfiM in this QlieSion. Whether I have done him
fujlice or no^ your Lordjhip u the beB fudge. Such
therefore as it is, I Juhmit it and my fdf to

better fudgments , and Humbly Trefent if to your

iMdjhif ^ as an Jc/^mmledgment of the Jiononr I

banx of beifig one of

My Lord,
Your Locdfliips

Mod Humble, and

DncifQ] Serviiit9

'William Jones.


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READE R HE greatcft Part of the Hiftorians , who have deli-

Charader of the
ver'd their Opinions concerning the
Tenth Century, have reprefented it as an Age of
Darknefs, Ignorance and Obfcurity , accompany'd
with Notorious Diforders and Irr^ularities. The Authour
of a Treatile, call'd, The Ferpetnity of the Faith , has undcrca-
kca to Vqidicate it from the(e Cenfures, and to make it appear
oil the condriafy, That H is cnk ef the moH Wffy Agu if the
Cburehy and that it's Dififdnts bimg fuch as mere to mnmn
the Preeeditigi it baf fime verf wenmk^fk^ Adt/aatt^es : But aP^3>
ihM Writer, who ^dUld feeoi to keq» the middle
be.^^^^' Way
cwcen both thiefe Extt'^es, appeait ( in my Opinion )
to have
come iiearfT td .bieMllk For IP on die ooe&le^'tiie An*,
tliour fsSthiTerfetwle^
Meo« and
ivdl oUcnr^d, That tlieffe mat Eloljr
'Genmry \ k can-
lbril^clear-%btescl Peribdt in cfcat
not be (JenyM on the other fide, That Ignonnoe^ Viocs and li>
regularitiei wtre not generaUy veiy prcwwinanr. The iooon-
fi^Me Namber of Anthowt, who wrote; the few Works
the{^.1(^ft ; the Rudencft^nd Bmarifinof tbdr Stile ; the Mat*

fef^ icontain'd in their Diflertationsv^nd the Complaints that

ivJii thofe Writers themfelves make, of the Diforders which
prevaiPd in their Time; are evident Proo^, That the Cenfures
pa(s'dupon that Century, are not without fufficient Ground
And a due Comparifon be made , between the Writers, the

Works, the Subjeds treated of, the Conditucions of Councils,

the Church- Difcipline, and the Manners of theChriftians of the
fame Age, with thofeof the preceding i it cannot but be rea-
dily acknowledged) That it is in many Refpeds inferioar to

A 2 Tn

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*Ti8 true indeed, chat ehere were Irregolarities in all the Ages
of the Church, but that they were Comnieofnrate to thofe which
were (b common in the Tenth Century \ or that they were (pread
abroad fo far, or became ib |eneAil , is an Aflertion, which
cannot be maintain'd with any manner of probability : For who
can avouch with affiiranccf Ttet that Age had as great a ilnnrf*
in Lcaffiiiig and Elfequenci ; i^as as /ri^fful in llmClrious P«fi
fonagcs and EcdrfiJftical VlTrir^rs j o# waWas produfeivc of fejC*.

cellent Works and Regular Conftitutions, as the preceding Cen-

turies ? Who would adventure to compare the Popes Juhn IX,.
X, Xn, and XIII.and fhe other Bifliops of Kome , who liv'd in
the Tenth Century i I will not fay, to S. Leo^ or S. Gregory \ but

even to thofe Popes, who tvcre !e(s eminent in former Tliacs ?

Or who would attempt to fdt Up Katlmim^ Atto^ Fhdoard ,

Lkitptdiidf Hetapbrafiesi and ocber Eocle(|a(lical Writers, wholj:.

Number is very fmall, not to fay ill opp^fitfon to S. Atbanafiui^,
& Mafil^ a Amhnfk, & but
dtigkfim^ ittftlfim xaiid
i thecdoret
eVen to the more Cotediob AuflAiiirs of the preceding Ages ?
Upon the wMei it oti||kt to be mtaii^deii^aiiii'ii, Thai^ 'tis
not without ||dod RdifiM|i ihac*tm Cepf^y ,,,|(kipauritbQ oi!
the fbie-^oing, aiyicveadf tho^ 4Mt filM^ it ^ has been ge-!
netallyftird^ TlriJge:ttfi)0rllmg, lip^ tiovr-
em it maft Ik lduMledg*d|.<Ti|i| 'twai (aot altogether Darlc^
and that it hmttht lorth foQia Ligh|f, Vh^ch penemtcil tli»
DIrknefi, aUd difoerad (NHt Hf chfe Ohfeqrity. The moll fn^e-
nimtt M» Ai fite ndon^d thefe tuminaries , and took theni'Foc
his Gtttdes^ in #rittas the teoflefiaAical Hidory of' the Age in
whftrh they flbuHfh'd, and irt giving an Impartial Account of the

Matters treated of by them ; which he has done with that Clear-

nefs, Cen^rofity and Integrity^ which is fo iflfep^rable^ £[0{a
the Charader of thi^ Great Maa* . :
*^ •

. • ...... . . I. f

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« •

Table of the Contents

CHAP, t ' The fVari ^f»gwB BerCDgcr and Lambert, jbid.
The Ceunctl ef Rome ami Ravenna in fatour of For-

A N Acemnt of tie moft cotipierMe Trgtfi^i- moltu, ibid,

Benedka X. Pope, I /. 11
CHS in tit Eafiern Church during theTeaxh ibid.
Pop* L'hriftophilut,
Century, i" I
Leo the PbiloJ'ofhtr Emptror if tht Pepe Scrgins comtowwi fonaofiMb ilad.
Pep4 Apaftafas;
"tbt DiJIurhances which bappeiid in the Edftem Tl:f Death of Lambert,
Church ufon the Aceowit of Leo's fourth rtuma£t, Landon an unmrtlj Pope,
Poptloba X. ML
KtelMai Patriarch ^Coafttntinople m hmtifh'd^ ibid
rf^iblijhed. ibid: P«W Stephen Vn. ibid.
JonoXI. AMmfier ^aPcpe, ibid.
tbe Pope and otbirt. Alberic Aw Majler o/Rom«^
Tfeg fr^r r/Itaty.
\F4tridrebj ef UoolUnnoopie who jBcm4rd Nfco- Maoafles relimquifhct hi Arebbifhtfrkk, nf AriW /» m
1^1 iHa. ifo ItalyT IK
Pope Leo VU. ibid*
Polyf uita Patriarch o/C?ooftartt<iib^Ie, ibid. pipe Marina* IL
" "•'" ^
Kicephonis Phocas Emperor^ pjpe Agapaos U. '
John Zccnilccs Etnfnor^ " '5 T6r t^Mri tetmtem Hugh o»</ Bercngef, ibid.
Pyt John XIL
ibid Tj» W<r/ <r Berepger <W Otfao, ibiiL
Ahtooy Scoditt P4frydrc;>g/Cyftatit»iDple, '1^'^- Ocbo cremn'dBmpenr JotoXIL ihid.
^ fr
TSicotas C hryfobcrgim jwdf 5ififcttfns Patrienbs c/Con- T^g Diflej/alty ef Pepe John XII. ibid.
itkniinople, ,
ibisL .^^J^, l^^^ 4

^ftafcon Metapbraftes, pos'd. 1

fdlh Cameniatcs, '

- •
4 Tfx Council at Rome a^ainfijobn XII. ibid.

Cbnftaniine Porpbyrogenn<i4; The Ordtnatien of Pepe Leo VIII. tz

Hfpppolytus ThebanoJ, Ibt TraeiaU Dtatb ^Pepe]obn XII. 1*
Eatycbius Patriarch ef A1e*aTJdr», ibid. BenediCT the Antipepe, ibid.
•^JtQj ef Armenia ihii. Bcocdidt ff depot d, and Leo the VUl. re-tftetljhtd^
Nicfephoros the Philififhr, 5 ibidi
%Aoic% Bar-Cephu. Popejobo Xm. ibid.
Hw Council 0f Ravenna »» tfx year 967. ibid
CHAP. IL P»;># Donuj and i' Bcncdidl VI. Krid.
TOttiface the TJ/urjcr otited by Bcnedi^, ibid.
An Acctunt ef the Church cf Rome, gnd ether Italian The H^ars and Death ef Olho 11. ibid.
Churcifs durirti the Tmth Century, . ^ Qt)»lVL:xreanfdBtnpem^ ibid.
T1>e State of tbt Cbttrcb ef IKomei* the TUtflTC^g
^ Pept fcbn XIV. ibid.
tury, '
_ .

Tfjt Ordinatton ef PeptHroTmrtiM^,

« '^'j- Boniface returni fj Rome,
ibid. Pope John XV.
The CorJemnaiicn 0/ Formof hy Stephen VL 6 Pbpt tiregory V. Ibid.
KocDinui and Thcodorui nt'a Pepa. Joan tlx Antipope. ibid.
IX TJerbcrt BdWjV Pt^; iiylvetter IL ibid.
'Pcpt John

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A T LE of the Contents of the J enth tentury.
The LtUirs */ John IX. ibid Gcrbert Archhijhop of Rbeims, 49
Hcrveus Archiijhop of Rbeinu i MamridJ concemiBg The Council fl/Mou/.on tn the rear ggjT
Hfftnianci^ ibid- The Sjnod of RbcioK a^ainit Gerbcrt, 44
7l« L«/rfri Benedkfl IV. i6 The He-eJlabltj]:m!Ht o/Arnulphus in the Bifhopricl(,af
"At Lttttr of Hzuo Archbijhtp of Meotz to John IX. Rbeims, ibid.
ibid. The o/Gerberr,
I'f^ritings ibid.
The Letters of the Btjhofs cf Bavaria ta John IX, yiodoard Prebendary of Rheiaa' Ai
ibid. Aurelian Ckrk^of the Church of Rheimt, _4<
The Council of Rome under John IX. . 12 Berncms Monk^ofS. Rcmy at Rbejum,
The Council, of Ktvcnna un4fr John IX. l_8 Gautier Archbilhop of Sens,

The Letters of Ptpe ]obnX. filli Of the other Bifhoff o^-Fraofie, 1^.
Tiie LeHetnf Ctttrki ihe Simple Aout Hildain, Tlx Bffolutints of the Btfijeps flf France ecnceming the
Dedication of a Churchy ibid.
•rtf Utters ef Pepe Leo VII. '9 Ibe Council g/Charrouac wi the year 989. 48
jt Letter efPope Agapetuf^ The Council ef Poitiers in the year 999, ibid,
lie Letters 0/ Joho XII. Tlx Council 0/ Ravenna in the year 997. ibid,
The Lf/ffff g/ iohrrXll^ , ibiiL The Mgrriage ef Kjng Robert neith fienba. ibid.
The Letters if ibid, The Council tf Kotne t« the yestr 998. tittder Gregory V.'
H:s Letters ef |ubn XVT ? ibid. ibid.
Letters cfGrcnoryV. ibid, The Founding "^'^ Abhej of Cluny,
Raibcfius Bi/}:op 0/ Verona, ibid.Utbu /f//Wof Cluny^~
John M?wi^o/Clnny7 ibid.
Luitpi iad BijloQp of Cremona, -

28 Odilo Abbot o/Cluoy, ibid.
hhho Abbot cfVknty ,
CHAP. ITT. lie Council cf S. Dcnnii in the year 995. ibid.
/IccotiKt ef the Churches of France, Aimoin Afowit^o/ Fieury,

T/>f Di'jnit)! ef the Church of R^eioM, ibid.

i^ui*. Stephen Abbot of Lobes, ibid.
7be State tf France after tie Death Cbafkn the Fulcuin Abbot 9/ Lobes,
Groli, 30 Hcrigcr Abbot 0/ Lobes, ibid.
T'''c i<f«.i;« SimplcT
0/ Cbarici the Aldcbold B/y^r-oj f/ L^recbt^ ibid.
i<."^« 0/ Albert Abbot o/Gemblours,
T/y f^ei^n of Lewis d'Uucrcmci^ "TFid: Udiio Monf(_ofS.Medeud ae Soiilbns. Sit
Xfef ^f^j^w e/Lothariui ibid. Genrd Abbot of S. Mcdard cf Soilfijnf, ibid.
jLewii the Fainthearted Kjjnz of tlx Cordigoun ]ohn Abbot of 5. Amaifbas at Metj, ibid.
i<4c», : • ibid. Hclperic er Cbilperic Mmk of S GalT, ibid.
Hvgh C*pgt antl Ro'beiT, fpngs ef Krancct ibid. Bexibicr Prieft 0/ Verdoo, 5 j.
FuUus AtMifbcp of Rbeims ii Adfo o/Luxueil, ., . ibid.
4 Letter of Pope
Pep Stephen V. to Fufcut, ibid. Adib Ahht t/'Deuvres, ibi^,
epocn V.
Qiber Letters ef Hicpben y. to hulcai, ibid. LetaldtuMmJ^^.^. M^qt^n. •
ptber fViritii^s t Stephen V. inftvem ef the Church
cf Rbeims .11 r.jC H A p. IV. .

The Letters cf FaTco» to FormoftB, ibid,

The Letters of Fortnulus ti Fulcus, ibid. lU mflarj tf tie Churches of Germany, ibid.
The Letters t/Fulcus to P^iff Stephen VI. T&f Hevalutims qf the Empire ef Gensaoy in the Tetetb
The Letters of Fulcus to the Kjif.' Princes, ibid. Century , ibid.
The Letters c/ Fulcus to the Bifi7cps.
The Letters cf Foicus to the /ibbsai^ AdaJbero Bijhepof Augiburgh, 54
Hcrveus Arehkifhep if Rbeinu, ibid The tipo Adalberis trho avre Saints, iU4.
The Council of Trcfly tn the ytwr 90 9. ibid. BiUDO Archbifhop of Coiogn, ibid.
The Council of TroQy tn the tear 911. Roj^cr Monk cf S. Fantaleun, ibid.
Sieu\fas Archhifhop cfKbciaxi,
Hi'gh eteded
TijeH^ars between
Arcljhtfhop of
Courtt of Vcrtnandois and
Rithboldus Bifhop of
¥\.\\<ie\xn Arckbitkop of Meniz,
V/ illitm Arehbifkop of Memz,
m ft

lyinjf Radulpbus, ibid. Bonno Abbot cf Corbey m Saxony, .

The State of France under h^in^ Radulpbui, ibid: Wahramnut Btfhop cf Strasburgb, ibid.
Aruliias Archbip^op cf Khdms, ibid. Solomon Bijhop nf Conltance,
The Coimcil mJ
at Soilfons for the Dtpofing Artaldus Utho B///ptf;> o/Strasburgb, *

and OrJainsni HugS^ il Not f,cr the Stammerer, -
• ,
The Council of Veniua tn favour o/Arta!dm^ ibid. Witicbindus Monk^of Corbey i» WefVphalia, ibid.
Tl.e Council of Moazun ajjofujl Hi}f,b, ,ibid. Rofwida a >iun, 6i
The Council g/Ingclbcim tn f avour o/ ArtalJul, 38 Reginaldus Bifhsp of Eichiladt, ibid.
The Council c/Mouzon in the year 948. ibid. Ibierry Arcbhiflxp 0/ Triers, ibid.
The Council of Trcvei or Trier in the fame jestr. 39 Othio Bif'^cp "f Mctj, ibid.
The Death of Arwldm Archlifhop r/Rbenw. ihii Uffing or UfTb Mo„::of Wcrtbin, 61
QJalric and Adalberon Archbip:>opsaf R,bamt, ibid.. A Council at Coblentz in the year 911. ibid.
/i(m\\ph\is Archbifhcp of Rhcims, ~ •
ibid. A Council at trfurJt in the year 9 ji. ibfd.
The c'.'Kfci! tf Rheims jgjiw/? Arnufpbut, 40 A Ceunci! at Augsburgb j."; the t.-ar 5Si. ibiJ.

A T L E af the Contents of the Tenth Century,
Controretjiej ab:ut DoSlrinal Points, ibid.
C H A p. V. • Of the Euchanfl, UiiiL
0/ the Pupe't Autlmity, 67
An Ataunt of the Ckmchet of England, 63 Several Paints of Difcip.'ine,
' *

The State of EpRland tnthe Teuih CtnttfTj, ibid. T/.:c C J'..mi-^j:i;ncj S-iintJ, 65
A Council M Canterbury ander Kji*g, Edwird And The Injiitution of the Seven EleSors of the Empire^
Fhlcgmon Arcbbijhop if that City, ibid. 2£
X^htg HiiwiTd'i Lavi, ibid. A Chronohjtical Table of the Ecclefiajlical Hijlory of tlx
JKjii^ EihcIltan'sLjir/, ibid. Tenth Ag^e of tl^e Church.
An hcctejiafltct! Ajfembly under Sjng Edmuod, ibid.
Odo Archt-ijh'ip cf Canterbury, 64 A Chronological Tahle of the Ecctefiajiictl Authors teht
An AJfembiy of Bifhopt at London in the year gt^'i. flour ijh'd in the Tenth Century,
• ibid.
S. Duadan Arcbhi/hop of Canterbury, ibid. A Table cf tic Wotkj of the Eccltfiajiicxl Authors of the
A Ginerj! Council of England »« the yeari^'j^. 6% Tenth Century.
A Crjunct! under S. Dunltan and Kjng £dgar, ibid.
A Council at Wmcbcttcr tn tie year 975. ibid. A Jahi'e of the iVntirt^s of the Ecclefiajlical Authort,
J.Ethciwold Bipjjp of Wincbelier^ ibid. dijpes'd according to the Matters they treat tf.

/irchk.'fJ.^ap e/' Ctntcrbury

Altfic or jE\tr'\C , 66
FriJcgod Monk_ of S. SALiciir at dnicrhuTy, ibid. An Alphabetical Table of tie Ecclefiajlical Authors in
Lanfrid and Wulftao Mmh of Wiocbefter. ibid. tbit Ceiuury.

CHAP. VI. Ah AlpbabeticalTtdfle of the CeuHciU held in thi Century.

Obfervatiom on tht Ecslefiajlical Affairs tf the Ttnth An Alphabetical Tabk of the Principal Mattert etnttwd
Ccntitrj^ ibid. in thn Volume,

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Ecciefialiical Affairs
Which happened in the Tench Century* ^^^^^

jin Account of the mo/l Conftderahle TranJaSims m the
£aftern Qfurcb, during tbe^enth Qiaury.

A T the beginning of this Cent 11r>v-£w the Philofophcr, one of the moft Learned
Emperors thcCiw^' ever had, governd the F.mpire of the Eafi. This Prince ha-
viii^ had three Wives fuccdlivdy, and no Iliue Male by either of them, being
denrous of a Son to fucceed him, marries a fourth Wife, bv name Zoe, by

whom he alrL-tdy had a Son before the Nuptials. Rat x third Marriage oeiri'^ pr(ihibittd _ ^.^
in the Edji, and Leo hiiufdf liaviDg enacted a Law againll luch as fhould iLunciact luch z'^'^n^
Marriage, Nicholas the Patriarch of Conftantincfle^ refufes to marry this Prince to this
fourth Wife, depofe$ Presbyter 7ib(im« who vcncur'd to do it, and excommunicates the" fj. 2l
Emperor himfw. Zwhad recourfetotbcPope for his Approbation of the Marriage >£^rf^^
and becaufe fucli fuccelTivc Marriages (how often foever contraftcd) Were tolerated iathe^jj^^f^
Wej}^ he caiiiy obtain d from I'ope Sergitts the point he defired. This Pope fent his Le> ,„ f},f
gals into the £*y/ to confirm the Marriage of Ifoj but the Pfttriarch h[ C^miinofU „umt of
would ni t the lead gr cuni!, t^nr acknowledge the £mperors Marriage as valid, or Let j 41"
his Son Conjt»ir,!inc PcrphjrtfgtHncta as lawful Heir to [the Crown. The Emperor did all Marrituf.
he could to change his Mind, but finding him tix'd in his Refolution , he banilh't him
in the beginnmii of the year 90 r, and pl..c d in his Rmm EttthimiHs, who iield the Patri-

credited, than thofe Authors who tell us that he was recall d by AlexAnier the Biotlicr of „op]^
£«, which happen d after the Death of this Prince, in the year 911, the time when h^bto^'i!
was declar d (jiuvernor to Coh^mkHm Parfhjrtgenma. Let it be how it wiiij Emhmitis fell
into difgracc, and was banift'd, and dy^'fliortly after : And iVSciM/Ws Incereft fo far pre- Nicholas
fnil that after die Deadi of AtntmOtr, who did nor out-live his Brodicr above thirteen k rt-ffi^
B Months,

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2 , A Ecclcftaftical Hijlory
It msar this time, thath. WiCil -%
T,(Ur..-., Months, he wsichofcn Tutor of the Young Emperor. ^
«/ NiclKMas a lon^' Letter to the Pope,
acquainting him of the whole Contdt u ith iIk^ hmpt- r,! Lfo
h'ria ch a'Dcut lus lalt Marriage, and ftiffly maintain'd, contrary to the Prachcc and Opjuon t the (

o.c->nasn Church o{ Rome, that to marry a third or fourth time wasablolutcly unlaulul. but the.
n pic r received no anfwcr from /?ow<', wrote another to Pope jo^'.", whciLmliA
patriarch having

and Union with the holy See, provided ho wouItT

oflvrs to obferve a fail- Correfpondence

fif'- own that a fourth Marriage was not to he permitted to the Entoerpr, unlefs by wav ot In-
dulaenceor Confidcration of his Royal Pcricn, lad that m itTelf it was unlawful. The
Simeon Vnncc of Bulg.iria, rc:oni-
fame Patriarch wrote fever .il ctlier Letter?, via. ta
mendinsi tlx I .c-ats wh ich the Pope fent him One to
: tlw Prince of jfmf/ud, upon tiie

Converlfon of fc cral Armen'utKf,v had abandoned their Enws : another to the Prmee
to diiVwade !iim from perfecutiuj; the Chriftians: One wrote from the
of the
Place of his Exile to the BUhops, who had ownd
B^hj^^ for their Patriaxcb i aud
two other Letters of Complimt:nc, one to the Prince ctiMihrdj^ andne other tu the
Prinecfthe Am.tlfhitans
The EmprcTs Zoc, who had taken the Covernmeot mto
.,her own hands, andjuj'
cx- had
Tat rt'vn -
rt, ofrk? pell d the Patriarch iWrfieAw from COttt i« the
year 9 1 4, washer ^clfdivelted ofher Aa-
Euphcmui, by Parnaus
<"./-•'*;» rhontv intheyear9io, and thruft into the Monadery ( f Saint
Conihnti- RmMuu. wlicnl C«f/4w/i« had made his Partner inthslhionc. Hiihtrto theClcrg> of
Of'** CotA^nifie weVe divided into rwo Paftifc, «ne declaring for NlchoU', tlie other for Eiu
tbymlmi but wsre re-tmitcd in the year *}2o, ami made a Treaty of Union an Ecclcfi- m
aftical Convccati'^n, by which (without
diranulhngaiiy thing that was paft^* they abfo-
lutely prohibited f r rhefiiture a fourth Marri^e, under the pain of Excommumcatioa
tobe infliaed n tin k u ho fhould contraft fuch Xlarciaee, and to be in force duiiiig the

continuance of fuch Marriage. They likcwifc inffifted a

Finnance of five years oof
marry a third time being above forty ycirscld : And a Pennanccot three
year? on fuch as fliould re-many ahcr thirty years of Age, it tliey had any Childrsn by
tl'.cir former Marriages. r « i

Regulation was the Church of Conftantmfle refto! d to its former Qiiicr, the
By this
Peaceable ptSleflionTof which NichoLu dtj/oy'd to his Death, which happai d iii the year \

o ?o Stephtn Ac Arch-bi(hop of Amafe* was his Succeffor, who preiided over this Church
Con/?.i«f/wf/^ was defipn'd for
^,'**"'llarmoft three year.. A!' er his D.-arii the Patriarchal Sec of
xbttphilaa the Emperor s Simi \ but he ocing under age, this Dignity was reposd by way
of Truft in the hands of crc / >\3 a Monk.. Hc; being once in poflcflion refiis'd »- »

Thc6phy- was dep' sd i a Synod held at C'(jw/M«r/»o^?f in the year 944, and 72Mropi&i/<iS was confti- j
laA *H m. pytcd in iub place But this Mvn led a Life ftr different trom whata Patriarch oughcta |

was more taken up wit'i his lIoi fLS and his IIour,ds. and other fuch like Dive:-

worthy Pa- jgjjj

triauh "f
f^* than with difchargina the Ducv of his Place. He died in the year 95^ ofa Dxop-
f^^^ occafioned by a fall offhisHorfe, which flung him
agamfta Wall. The Emperor*
"^V'** coTxftituted in his Room /^o/jf/'^^r, a poor Monk, but one ot extraordinary good Mtaalfi,
^jjo was Ordain d by Bifliop of C^e/tirea, and not by Nkefhorw of HtrecUa, to
fcn£n whom that Ordinition did of Wght belong. The liberty which this Patriarch took of

tiBMrfe reproving the Great Men at C5urt, immediately drew upon him a great many Enemies,
Emperor to tliiuk of Depofmg him. He was conhrrad 111 tins Rcfolu-
who inchnd the
t^Cidca, but notwithltandinghe wwC>bentiiponit,hedied without
tion bfTl^eodorm
doing any thing therein. His Son Rcmitmis who was fuppos'd to give !;is Father a

Lift into the other world, fuccccdcd lum m the 96a, x.\a caus'd his Son to be
OvWndby PoifCM&a. But this young Prince and his Brother Coaftantiiu, not being cf
age to enter upon tlic Government when their Father died in the year s^l* Nicffbmfs
J™a"j7 Hccts was proclaim d Emperor by the Army, and Crown'd by PolyeMSi*. A while after
£^ this Patri.irch had a warm debate w ith the Emperor For this Eini>cror having marrj i

nxofhanes, the VViddow of Rom^nsts, PoljeitEia thrcaten'd to exconimun;ta.te Imn unieis


he would Renounce her {u) Betaufe this wasthelecond Marriage UictphorathxA con-

tra£led, without fubmitting to the Pennancc due Co diofe who were Guilty of Bigamr.
^a.) Becaufeit was reported that NictfborMs had ilood Godfather 10 ODnof Tixo^hatiest
aSildrc»l, Ae Emperor propos'd this Queftion to theBifhops who were then in Ccn/tg^m
tuHflc, and to the chief of his Council, who loft him at his Liberty to keep Tljce^hams
as his V\^ife: And /'o/yf*iS4 himfeif did not iniiil any more on the Uillclution of the
Marriage, after diat the Emperor affur d him upon his Oath, that he had never itobd'
Godmher to any of Theoph.mes $ Children, which was confirm'd by Styliot, chief Secre-
tary of Sure, who nude a Recantation of what he had formerly faid about it. This Era-
peiw began his Reign w ith fucccfs, and re-took a great many Provinces of Afia from the
Saracens but he loaded his People with Taxes, and feiz'd upon the Revenues of the

Cliurch to give to his Soldiers. After the Death of any Bilhops he would fend a Com-

Digitized by Gopgle
of the Tenth Century of Chriflianity, 5
miflarv to feize upon their Temporalities , and pa-hibitcd the chufing any others in
their ikad, without his confcnc and orders, which was confirmed ia a Synod. At the
kmc time he would fan have hzd a RariHcation of this Prdpola], ** That .ill Soldiolii iriiD
" died in che Field, ihould be declar'd Saints as the Msutyrs were but the Bifhops op-

posd ic. Howeyer, they could not perfwade two of their Brethren who had both Arms,
and foueht ;^ainft the Enemy , to relin^quifh their Minilleridl Fuuftions* feveral amonglt
them of a more Martial Genius approving of this their Copdu^ The ouftioDS of Nut*
fbormt, and the bad rnccefs of his Arms in hih^ having lendv'd him Odions to diepeo- John tt-
pie of ConfiMtimiple, he was kill'd in an Inlurreftion of them , and Jolm^ Sirnam'd mifccjEw
Ztmifces, Reign'd in his ftead in the year 969. Pol et^* refusd to Crown him, till hefcnr*
hadbanilh t rheMnrthere'rsof A¥r«pWiK/, Cent Theophanes from Court, and promis'dto
give to the Poor, as an Expiation of his Fault, the Eltate which he had when k private The death
man This was the lall Adion of PoijeMHa, who dy'd live and thirtv days after He had •/ Pol/-
Crown'd this Prince, mdie bcgilming of the year 970 , having held the Patriarchal euftt.
See of CV«/4itfiw/'/<r fourteen Vcars. BafU the Monk Tuccecded him, who had the Go- Baiil/Mtfit
vcrnment of that Church till the Death of John Zewufcet^ which ha^^n'd about the**^^'
y«tr975ror 976, after which the two Sons of J2oii»4imu beii^ upon the Thironc, and ha-
vine re-call'd their Mother The^hanej. B*fil the Patriarch was depos'J in Council; and
Jimhhfij StuHtM fucceededhim. But he did not enjoy the Patriarchfliip long; for the'*"'***^
year softer Bar Jms, Sirjumed the //rfri,having revolted and taken upon him theQualityand

ear 091. ConJiAMiifie , who had fubdued BMrdm, R,cignd ftill as Eaiperars»g|*!Tg^
BajU ^nd
r«/f/livd to the Year 1625, and his Brother Co«j?4«ftVw fiv'ddifte Years after hfip. htSeind
During whole Century, the Crec^ Church, which was upon irs Dcdenfion, prov- sjf,|[^|uj
cd very Ban en, both cf famous Me.i and gjod Authors. We find among thcnmbut very p^tfjgnbi
few who made it their bofimfi to compofe, and their Wockt «re very inocnfidindilcb WtSoilli*'
boch Ja fdpeftco th« Maner, uidtocbeM$uui«rwll9«ini^^ oiofks.

Simeon Metaphcafits* .

/^Nfe oFthoTe who wrote moft was Simeon, Sirnam'd Afet^^brdfieSf fo call'd fi-omSimeoo
^ hii tttmiqg (he Ancient Lives of che Saiou into another tort of a Stile tbaii that f>Ietaphri*
whcian diey wore ibnnerly written. He Was an Officer in the Palace, Lord Hi^ Chan* Ack
ceUor, and Suuri/h'd in the Tenth Century, chiefly under the Reign of Confiantine Por-
fkfng/tiuieta. For tho he had been employ d under the Reign ot Lt», yet he writ no-
mng till <kiifi*ntlne'i time, as appears by die Life of Saint TheoEHfi*. which is his firft
Piece, as is'obferv'd in his Panesy rick written by Pfelhts, another /yf/Zi^/ than that who
liv din the time of C'<j«f?<i«iw the /conaclaj}, of whom we fpoke in another place. He
tffly^d himfelf to ftuayj and etic|uire into the Lives of the Saints, and haling matdet
large Colleftion of thsm, thofe which he did not like he undertook to make over aeaifly
not only by calling them into a ditferent fble, but alfo by adding to, or fubiba^ing nom
them, what he thought Convenient, and running them down into the form of a Panegy>
ikk rather dian Hillorv We have a great many of them of his Compofing, and moft
imdcr his name, as well in printed CoIIeftions asinMSS. } but they are mix'd widi feve-
nd others. Compos d by various Authors. There are fome among the Anonymous which
maybe aTcribed to hun. Ic would be very diCBcult to make the diitindion* had aot the
inttnioiit>ffikrfW given himfelf the trouble of doing it, with a great dcil of accuracy,
in nls Diflertatioii concerniiig the Writings of the Simeons, w herem he gjvei US a Cata-
logue of the Lives of the Saints, which, in Manufcripc or Print, behulte firoperly to
ASt^fhrsits, and which of them belong to other Audia» He rsaoiis di»ve an Inm-
dred which are Genuin, and almofl: as many more that arc Spurious, whole Authors
are unknown i v\d near fuur hundred and fifty whofe Authors he difcovers. They wiio
have the cnriofity to fearch further into this matter, may confult AMaim himfelf
As for our part , we don t think ir worth our while to croud fuch a tedious and ufeiefs
Catalogue into our Work. Buiides thefc Lives of the Saints, Alett^hrafies hascompos'd
feveral Sermons on the folemn Feftivals of the year, which are to be met with in Kh-
mifcripts } and a great many Hymns and Phtyers which arc inferced in the EcdefialU*
dl Writings of the Greekf He likewife digefted four and twenty Moral difcourfes uken
from the Works of i'.iJjw/, and Printed together with them, [and likewife publilh'dby
themfelves in Gred^aic Ptrig, 1556.3 And in the Libraries there act a oeat nuunr Col-
leftions of Moral Sfentencts taken one cf & Afjum-im, and an hondreo cue and tMrqr
Soitences or Rules more, all compos'd hs Aietafhraftts. Laftiy, Leo AUMttu lus pub-
filDi'd nine Letters and feveral pieces of Poetry of the lame Author, togedicr wiih a
nftoncie «f AeLamentsttion ofdieViran AkroiitheBdIiMafoiirsSnioiir* . .

Digitized by Google
A Ne^ Hijlorical Hijlory

: John Caaieniaces«

John c«. A Boat theTame time Ihr'd JAmCmm^is^L^avixfx cf

the Church of 7*ifj^/wiV4,i»ho
iiKfliatcs. wrote the Hiftory of the ta[<int? and Tacking that City by the Sardcers in the Tear
904* It was fee forth by Lto AlUtiiu in his collection of the Gretk, Writers.

Cdpiftdntirie Forphyrogenetta.

eine 'For-
phyroge- have of his „ • ^ _ .

Mtta. 'ind brought firom £iej(/4taCM!^^fiMf^ Tliis piece waspubliih'd
FaAfcrCWfff/, in his Collb6Hon of the Authors imste the wStoiftiSCm^M^fAifl^^
and printed it Paris 1664. He likewifl' wrote the Life of his Grand-Father the nipc- l-

tfxBM irtie AiMiimM > which is to bcmet with in the Collcdion of AUm%$u. In the'
^MT {#17 Mhuf'fim fet ibrth 'feveral Prfhicaf Treatifes of this Emperors conipofing, ini.
' ^ " '
t?^.-^. »
to his Son KomAttuf, a
lallern Empire, and feyc^teien
icalPandects, extraAed otatw
of which we have only two re-
Ext rafts of Embames, pub-
^ , , . _ i^'OS* and in Litin At Parts
in the Year 1^09
And' the Fifritth on the Virtutt and Vices, iec rordi by Monficiif He/Hj

:ir^/o*f, arid printed at /'iim in the V ear 1634. *

HippoUcas i&r Thcbaii

n AM/i>«f the Thtbun lived in the £une Century. He compofed a Chrmdcon fctreral
fragments whereof are to bemet with in the third Topie ofthe Antiquities oiCanifiut,
«nd nn Monfieur CoteliersKctx. Tis to this Hippo/inis that we ought to attribute the

fiadl Treatife of the Twelve ApoiUes fet forth by Father Cainicfis in the Second Tome of

J, ;
JButicjii^s.i'tfmrfrf/» Alpcandria.

_ ^ "E Vtichius the EgypttM, of the Cttttntrjr call*d Skid in ^gji^y born in the year 8 7 6 , by Pro-
fcii'ion a Phylician, and Pati iarch cf Alexttnir'tA fron^ ti c Year 03^ to the Year 940,
Arahicl^ Thofe which have been Tranlmitted to our times,
Akna. compofed ficvcral Treatifes in
diia. arc a treaaicOTTnyntK.
ateaTreadfcof aDifpute
J»hyfick. a uuiwcvn an zicrcntrK
A>upuic between' Her^tick ana
and xa Cfcriftian,
vimirian, an Hiftory of
niirory or
i'/«7> from chctime ofthct ikineofthatlfland by the^.rni^fw, and Aniulsfiom the bc-
ginning of the World down to the Year 9 3 7, containing feveral remarlabie Tranfadions
bMloffioclcfiafticai andProphaneHillory, and which he has intituled a JMiffWW 2)//^
f^'o»^ or Ctmfcfition ofprscious things, or tf.r Suhfiancc, or Mtrrow of Hiffory. Sctden in
the Year 1642 printed at Lottdon^ a Inagnicnt of his 'I'lc.icik- concerning the Eleftion anJ
OidinationofthefirftPatridiths of ^/r-vWr/rf, Emici^'mi adertsluid been done till
jHexanier's Time, by twelve Pi tsby lers ofthat Church, who cliofc one among tlvjnifclvcs for
Patriarch, and laid their haiuis upon luni. He hkcwife there maintains that there was not a
Btfhopin 9}\.Egyft till the rime Demetrius. This very Treatife has tince that been pub-
li/hed entire by SeldsH ^nd printed in the Year \ it London, in two Volumes in ^ 4
both in jirobici^md in Lmih. Tis full of Fables and very Vulgar Stories.

V. Nico. 0f Armenia. •

- "f^^ of Armenia wasveryyouna, when without his Parents confent he fliut himfclf up in
Nico oj)/Ar- J.^
Monaderj the jMtfen meky fcituate betwen Ponttu and PuphU^ owfi*. After he h^
there led for a lont; rime a very raifto c life, in the Year 56 r he wa^ ilTit oucon a IVblTIon

by his Superior. He preaclied m

Armenia, and in othcT Provinces of the Eaft, and. from
tnencc went to the Illc of Crete, w
hich had lately fliakcn off the Yoke of the Straps* He
rurt; d this liLmd from thofe Pagan fuperflitions which were Hill rii ufe amon^them, and
brought over a great many perfons to the Faith. He afterwards to LacedemwuM,
tbrn^vh^oeheWtttaKT 6>CM^ to j^t a ftop the incinrioiis of the

Digitized by Googl(
of the Tenth .Century of Cbriflianity.
SulgxrUns. He dy'd in thf jeu 99^. He is faid to be the Author of a little Treatife of the
Religion of the Artmtmmu^ containing an Abridgment of their Errors, which is to be itea
in Lmih in the lHili§ttK(4 AcrnMw, ccgccher wim % fragmeat againil: irresukr and nihlae-
£oiiMi|unicacionsy where hrfi^ichtf mcf teaqr i back on daofe peifimi

dart dicdi oilc
Voo fa(hl/. • ^ .

il^ji^acus the Pbiiof(fbir.

iCti E may Ilf^eivife reckon among the Authors of this Century, Nkefhotui the Philofo^ Niccpho-
ph^, w^puciel-uaeral Orations on the Death of yLaijoftj Patriarch of Aiexan- tMtbefbi-

IAftly, to theie we may joyn Aiifii Bar-Cephss Biihop of J^4,vrho composd in Synac^^McXa^*
a Treatife .concerning Paradife, divided into three Books, fct forth in L.{ii>: by J/a 7 ./^ Cefih».
Printed firlt at Aitnerp, in the year 1569, and afterwards in iht Bibtiotheca V strmm,
'Tis a very large QDnafneiitary on what wa^ bud concermflg'F»radi(e in the Book oF<S^-
jis. In the firlf Book he trc.ic^ if the F.trrhly Paratiifc In the fecond, of theMyffical P.p'4-

is to fyy^fii the MKlUoal i>iffliilications of tiut which is call'd the Earthly Para-
y and int^e fawb "He treats of. die ErHHS^Mtreticks concerning Pafadife, and the Ob^
ons that may brought to the contTarjr.'*-»ln this laft B(M)k lie maintain*;, rhat .^
was created Mortal, and tlut God would have render d him immortal by Im Grace, if he
Bad not (um'd:'nowever, be refutes Tlxro^t^rf anil NcjioriMy Who had nMonniiu'd that/die
^^Mamfnsimtii»Cu^ ^ifd^Deatbof Mankind. •

< - » fi .

• •• •
CH A P I't, .

. • •,

:4n Account of the Church of Rome, and other Italian

Churches during the Tenth Centurx$:. . .

T Hough Hilloruins have diSier'd Judgment, concerning the Tenth^ Ccntiiry

in theiir
general; yet they all agree; in their accounts of the wretched State and Condition of
tne Church of and thofc who have been moll fivourablc in ihuir Cenfures,

{^gmc «
teuld not but own that it was in a llrangc difurder- " At tlut time (crysCdrdinal Bttro- the TaiA
**m$u) How deform'd, how frij^iitful was the tace of the Church oiRiaheV The Hoi/ ^ttcamj*
•'was fain nndcr the T>ranny of two loofe and diforderly Women, whO; plac'd and dif-
**placd Bilhops ..s their humour led them and, ( I tremble to think 'nd fpcak of)

cfaey plac'd their GalluMt upon^t. Peter's Chau*, who did not fo iniich as dcierve d»
*• very name ofFbDes. For who dare fay chat theie btfionow perfons , who-faitrudfed ^rt^St^
** out any form of jiiflicc, were l.iu f'.il Po;xs ? We do not find that they were chofenby the
" Clergy ; or that clicy cuiilented in the leaii to their Ele^on. All the Canons of Gbuncik
*'were infnng'd, the Decrees of Popes ti ampled under foot, the antient Traditions de-
** fpis'd, t!ic Culloins and Ceremonies ufually obfervd in the Election of Popes neg!c5l^d^
*• and the I JolySec became a prey to Avarice and Ambition. In foch terms asthefs does
this Cardinal, who cannot be fuppos'd to be an Enemv to the Church of JRaw?, lamfint
chefadefbite wheiein it was in tliisTenth Century: and a long rime before him, Ahto/J
Bilbop o^OrUam, who probably might have been iin Ry-witntfs of fame of thefe Dif-
orders, breaks nu^ intDtnis Complaint : " O mifcrable Mwn* i ThoU Aat fbrmeriy didft
** hold out (b many great
and glorious Luminaries to c^ir Anceftors, into what prndigtoilS
f*darknefs art thou now fain, winch will leii ;er chee inftiiious to all fiicceeding Ages ?,
We nu/ trace the beginning of this difordcr from the Proihotionof/'wvf/^y?#x to the Pobfc- fhe Orii-
dom, which Ibw'd the Seed of the Divilions which afterwards enfued. This ^irwo/fe be- Bafiori of
ingBifhop of Ofiia^ had been deposd byjWwVEn. in a Synod held xt Rome, and con- Pope For-
ftrain'd to Cacxt he would continue a Lay-man ?.U the re(l of Life. He w.;s depos d mofin.
for thefe three Reaibns. (i.) Bcfaufe having been fenc bv BDpe NkhoiM Linto JShtjipri*^
he made die Rii^^ the BM/far{mt(mw'iibicimw^i«il»niK admit or airry other nfiiop
befidts himfelf, that fKould be fcnt thitJier by tlie Holy Sec. (2.) Bcca^'fe he had alrcaoy*
endeavoured to hig(trantjate>Vfti8m the Church of ^M-itf 'ifatt of iicMv, md made Parties

Digitized by Google
// Nei» Hi^iorical Hi/lory
for the attaining of his end .contrary to
the Lavvs prefcribd in the Canons. (3.) Bccaufe he
had Jibandond his Church without the Popes leave, and that luvin§ kft Remt, he wai
fufpefted to have confpir d againll the Empire and the Church. This Sentence of Joim
Vlll. was repeal d by hisSucccffor Mmiuu, who n-aUd Fonmofiu, re-eftablilh d him in
his Bi/hoprick, and dcclar d the Oath he had been
fwc'd to take to be null and void. How-
e\erhe ftill kept up the dcfign he had laid of advancing himftlf to the Popedom ; and he
fowellfbrm'd hi^ inrri^ue, that ttter the Death of ^f""" V. he had ib powerful ^^Party
as to carry it ,
ai^atnll Sergitu a Deacon oTthcChuith of ItiMkr, who hiid been dcfted
a great part of the Clergy. forwo/W/ hinder 'd his Ordination,drovc him out of the Church,
«ik[ Ibrc'd him to THfcAWf to the Marquis AdAlben^ who decUr d himfelf his Pro-
fly to
tedor. was erdant'd on o^Mgy in dieyear 891. The year afterhe
crown'd Cm Duke of Spolero Emperor, and a while after conferr'd the laoie Title on LarK-
iert the Soncf tlut Prince. But nolooncr was Anmlfhns Kii^ of GenmaiQ fain down into
ItAlj^ but Fwmofms invited him 10 Rim*. deOsming to nuke him an tnftryment of wreak-
ing his revenue on thcle RomAns who had amronted him. ArmlthMs tnter'i. the Cit^ bf
frrce, caus e] the chief cf the Enemies ofFermofm to be beheaded, and was for tiiis piece
cf Service ^zowndBhferor by this Pent »
the year No fooncr wats Armlfhm §oat
off. but the Romam renew d thcic CoiUpiiaaM'afMiift F^t{m, who ifA abotic die tttier
end of this year.
Cm- Boniface, vi\\om the People outaip in his ftead , was a very unworthy man, who had been
deTntmrhu degraded ^om his SubdeacunlhipL and tbco^ler ofPncftbood* A few days after he wat
•/ Fofmo- Ourcd by M*lhert, and Stefhew VI advanc'd toUieChalf. Thisman immediatelr declared
lui bj Src liimfclf an Eiitmy to the memory of Formofus ; calls a Councii, where he nulls all the Or-
pheo Vi. dinations nude fay Fvrmqfus \ du^ up his Corps, and having drcls d hjm up in his Pbntiti-
cal Robes, he condemn d him as if nehad been alive : and afier he had cenfmed Mmfot
his Ambition in quitting the Bilhopiick of OftU^ and ufurping S Peier'i Chair, contrary to
the Canons of the Church, he cauled him to be ftrippd of his Robes, cut oft his three Fin-
fers, wherewith
he gave the BlelTing, and threw him into the THer. A
bafe and barbarous
roceeding this! and fuch as has ftruck Horror into all thofe who have wrote about it. For
tlk> the Promotion of Formofint was not agreeable to the Canons , and might prove a very
lUjMoedent « ytt fuch a diiingenuous Cruelty exerci(ed'io no purpofe upon a dead Car*
Cafi^as a certain drmonftration of the Spite and Malice^ or rithercrf* the Madncfs where-
ytfh his Enemies were p-^llefs d. And ih truth all this Tragedy was begun by Ser^iux^ and
fui^xmed by the Authority of Adalbert, w ho bore at that tunc the greateft fway m
But his Intercft afterwards grown weaker, Sttfbai wai. feverdy ufed by the Rmaru^ aitd
taft into Prifon, where he was Stranded aooutthelatcer end ofthe Vear 900, if his Epitaph
is to be credited in the cafe.

fiMMiiiH Mmnuu advanc d one RomMtm in his place, who fat but a few months on die Chair
"^y^r!^ however hehad fo mudi time as to condemn and dilannnl all that his Pjcedeceflbr had dons
£L againft Fcrmofnj. The nun who facceedcd hioi nam*d7iirMfarw, was of his mind, but bo
diodwithin twenty days.
After Ms Death the Kmk»s ehofe a Monk,Deacon of rheTown of 7>W/, Son ofRdOHftsUm^
J5J*-J*' who went under the name of 70^" IX. This man feeing /r.»/r divided by the Facliorfs of thofe
"iT' who made thtir Pietenfions to the Empire, behaved himfelf very cautioully in the bcgin-
^^^'"^ ning tf his Popedom. The Emporor Anu$lfh$4s dy d about the aid of the ) eu" 899, and
SfoUto died within a fliort time after, fo that Italy was difputcd between Berenger,
Ltvtit the Son of Sc/wf, and Lamkert rfie Son of Gt^, The Princes of lulj weary of the «Jo-
ywauOBBItcSStringerf efpecially Aidlben. Marquiscf Tttm, the Father of another Berenrer^
who was afterwards Kin^ of had called in Z>»Af i but Berenger by AdalSerti
Marquis of 7«2|f^4W7, having hemm d him in, obliged him to return, and made him renoimco
his Pretenfions to the Kingdom. A while after AdMhert who had fupportcd the IntcrclU
of BtnuiifT, re-called Umit^ who re-tpo^ pan of btdi \ but thofe whoiud invited him in*
fboo betr aycd hhn, ana delivered him into 7«vvi|;fr*8 hands, whocansUhtsEyesto be put
out. Berengcr fwoln with his fucccfs comes to Rtmt, ar,d forces Pope J<ihn IX, 10 Ciovvn
htm Emperor But no fooner was he gone from Rome but the Pope lent for LamhertJ^ho

Tcfided privately in a comer of Italy and declar'd nim Emperor.

IttCmal Since by this AAion
he found himfelf oblig d to acknowledge Formofus for Lawful Pope.
rf^Rome becaufc it was he
who had crown d Lami^ert, he held a Council, wherein he cancell d aJl
proceedings againil that Pope. AfCBT lobold an undcrt^Jcin^ he durll not (Uv at
at M fa-^""*'* wh .re the Interell of ^fr«^fr was moft powerful, but retird to Ravennd^ where
vm^ot' in another Council of 74 Biihops, he contirm d what had been done at Rome, Tne Jtnii-'
' ^ 0tu, who love to have a great many MaAers, and to change the Govermnent;^ admnW*
f^'d LMmktrtf and his t6rce$ became fo confiderable, that Semgtr dmft not atOmL
him. B(retir'a to ftroM. All this happen'd in the year 904^
Tnc|€ar after JohxJK. dy'd, indBenedsSl IV fucceeded him, who was not upon the
S"""' Ghak al>ove a year or chereahioutL and did nothing of any note^ He who was kt up in
hiifiDPm.caUj ZifV. una Ohm
forty days after by one of hit Domcfticks, nam'd

Digitized by Googlc
of- the Tenth Century of Cbnjltan 'uy, y
Ciftifiofbilm. He did not enjoy rh's DiV,nicv long , for xhit Serglus^ whom
we formerly Chfifto*
nientioued, and who had bten the Couipetitor of 'pr/w^.f, bciii.^ come to Rome^k\z A on pMm*»
ChriJhpbilMS, put him in i^ u n, and ftcpp d himfclfinto St. iV/Vs Chair. The hilt thing
he did was to condemn 7>w.'u////, todeciai e his Oi tiinations N'ulJ, and to cancel all that
3%/'-»IX.had doMciii h;s fivoui- Aftawiids he dcj^raucd tlio(e whuin Fflr/»^/ had ordaind, Scrgiui
ind cither crd un d thcin over again, or oidained others in their Head* This man is cnndewnt
cltccmd a Muiiitcr, not only for his Ambition and the violent proceedings he yvas Giiikv of» ForaiofoSt
but alfo upon the account of hisloo(e Morals. He had a Ballard by Muro/tM the Dai^ter
Theodora^ who being a livng time before hij^hly in the Favuur uf y^.^.wn^, bore a great
Sway ia iRoxnr. This Ballard ^
ot his was afterwards promoted to the Popedom by the
Intrigues of this Mjroji^t, and took upon him die name of Jtim XI. as we {hall (hew in die
Sequel. Scrgi$ts enj )y tl the Stc wliicli he had ufurp'd, only three Years ; he died in the Vear
9 1 o. After him yluaitajiMi came, ot whom Hiftory is liknr* About this time L4wicrt was Aoanafius
trayceroully murder'd, ashe washunting, byaCouncof AC/m. After his Death AiUl-1^,deMb
tert, w!iom '.;e taken pribnei fmic tiHii- bcfoie, was fet at Liberty, and Serenger was •flamben.
the only nun wiio prctcndcdto the l iile of King ot and Emperor. The Popedom of

Atu^J^Ms not lafc above two years and Ionic few monrhs after whofe Death i^Wo/j London 4»

was promoted to t'lcCiuiv, no doubt by the Inrerell of //.•.'c/sjor^-f. Fur th-,t wicked wo-
man made nil- of hnn to prefer one of her Favorites, najii'u Jo«;«, t J the Archbilhoprick
uf K<ivcnn.i Let us fee iii what terms ZMrfr4»<i relyiBi this matter " About this dme

" fays he ) Pcttr Archbifliop of IUvchhj, which was eftean'd the chiefcil Archbilhop-
" rici next to tliat of Home , lent frequently to Rtme a Deacon of his Church,
"caird Joh>), to pay his due refpects to the Pope. Theodora, that impudciu Whore, •

" luving feen biro, fell defperatcly in love with him, ptevail d upon him to maimaia
a fhameful famiharttv with her. While they liv'd thusiuftfully together, the Bilhopnf
liok^nid dyin^, this John was c'lofe in his place. But before lie w. s confecratcd the ,

Archbilhopol iZ<it/^/f/Mdiesal£) i and TWiNior^ prevail Joim to quic thebtlhop*

"rick of Bulogma , and to accjept ofthit Araitriihoprick. He mereupon returnf
back to Rome and was ordain'd Archbifliop of Ravenna. Wirhin a while after
" the Pope (namely London} who had ordain d him dies, God calling him to give an 46-
" coiut of his unjull Proceedings in ordaining Jbhn. Theodora upon this , that fhe mi|^
" not be far from her Lover, made him again to reUnquiih the Ardibilhopnck of i&n«»-
"m, and to feizc upon St. /Vrf>- s Chair.
Tho*Ji»fciwa»folhanirfiilly promoted to the Popedom, yet he enjoy 'd it a long timeJolm.X
very peaceably ; and was aclvtioivledged as lawful Pope by all the Churches. But as God
never fuffers the Crim.s of men to go unpunilh'd, uulefs for a fcafun, thereby to make his
Jullice the more confpicuous. To the conclulion dF his Popedom was tragicd, and he fell
by the fame (Icps, by which he had been advanc'd. This ThcodarA we {peak o^ had CWO
Daughters, more wicked and more debauch'd than hcrfcif, cairdiliJir^ilandrTiBsdiBr*.
The tirft of r'uTi- afcer flie had nrofticuted her felf tu Vo<^ Sergins. was marr d to Guy, .

the Son of Adaihert Marauis of Tiffia^^ who, afpiring to as ablolute in Jtome as his
Father had been before him, took it in that Pope Ji^U Aould prefer his Brother Ar«r,
and thou;;ht he mvc him too great .m Amiio; ;ir He thereupon refolv'd to divert him of
it, and taking the opportunity when the Pope was with his Brother in the Lateran Palace,

with a very tew attendants, he order 'd an Aflault to be made by the Souldicrs he had
rais d, who put tl:e Pope into Pi ifon, having Hrfl kill d his Brother before his face. He
there dyd foiiie time after, citlier for Grief, or rather by an untimely Death. This lup-
pen d in the year 928.
LfoVl. wt:o fucccalo'lbim, h.vl dcfi^^n, if Hiftorians may be credited, of reftoring Leo VI.

Xtrf/jraud the City of /iome to its tbrmcr Quiet but he had not time for it, being upon

the Chair no longer than llx Months and fifteen days. Tis faid he likewifc dy'd in Prilbn, Stephen
as his PredeceHbr did before him. Stephen VU, who fuoceeded liimi
enjoy'd the plafe but Vil.
two years, one month, and a few days.
yiiarojiit, upon this vacancy of the Holy See. thought there could be no better way of |ohn XI.
making her felf abfolutc inRome^ and raihng her Family, than by placing ^e Soafhsi4 Mm^et
had by Pope .SVri;/;.'/, upvin the Chair. Thoby reaftni of his Birth, his Age, and his Con- «f « ''•i**
dud, he was ver unwcjrthy of that Promotion. He took upon him the Name of John

XI. and was ordain d in the year 931. Some time after Giej dy d , and his&other Utm'.
hert «^ declared his Succeflor. But /Ahs/fic invited Mtigh,Son tfOanmTmkld, Dakt
of Provence^ and King of y^rfer, and promised to make him MalW of Rome, in tafe !k
wauld marry her. He not willing; to let fuch an opportunity flip, came forthwith t9
wait upon her at the Caftle of Angcio, and marry'd her, iho Ihe were his Brother's Widdow.
For xhxsHugh was the Son of /icrtha, who had been marry'd fit i\ to ThiMJ, and then to
Adalifert, the Father of Cuj. The iiww^iw recciv d him very kindly But afterwardsfind- :

^Jbigheput the flight upon them, chqr fought notlung fi>fiia0bA»aB opportunity of n4-
aing thcmfelves of his Government* iooo aftw an oppbrrunity prefeiited it felf : Fof
^ Jllieric ^ who was like wife the Sen of Mtr^fiA , bung di^uAcd With his Father-on-law,

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Alberk for affronting him whM'}: v 1r- Motiieis Order ho filld him out a gi:;is of Wine, excited
he- !

'oma the ffwwrfw to throw ori tne Vokcof King Wsgi, rcprefenting to thera how deep a dif-
grace it was for Romans to befubjecl to the if«?;i;«/^</ 'f. 1 t.t:> ilict eupon quickly aban^
RoiBc. (fon d his Inter-ll: ; an 1 hiving chofcn A'/'tric their Leader, they fct upon the Callle of
St. yUgeio, with To much cxptdition, that Httgh having not time to throw any of his
Troops into the place, was torc'd to provide for his own fafcry ; A^^ojut was fciz'd upon
by AJherics Order, who likewife fecur d his Brodier , Pope Jo^w, and kept htm ckSt
Prifoner during the remainder of his Popedom, which expird in the year 935. The
City was 2o\crn'(l along time by Alhrric, who changed the form rf the CiuverilllWllt«
^n»dc hinafdfConfiil, and commanded m
chict with a Prcft^ and Tribunes.
Whilftrhdfe things were in Aftion, Ita/j was difputed between feveral Prince*, f»ho all

pretended to the Sovet aignty thereof. The Ir^tHaKj being weary cf the Govcininciit ofi?*--
' TeKger, in the Vcar 924. confcrr d the Sovcraii^rny n Ritdnlfhm Kin;; cf Burgur.di, Grand-

fonXS>Con I lid AdeUid the Daughter cf Lewi- the Cn dly

' Hrrnger feeing himVcIf turn d

outof Pollflfion, brought the Hnnns into /;.»/>, who har.ifs d .-ll Lcffiwd-: ; but having paHcd
the mountains, they were defeated by Radulphns \\\ Langucir,c, At cite lame time Bertriger
uHl^htt Endeavours to re-enHate hi'mfelf in the Kindom of Italt, was (lain by hisownmeii
at P'erona. After his Death r!.c Tirle if Emperor oflhe Weft was not conford rn .?ny one,
at Icall not by the Pope ami Jt.iliuHs tiil Oiko I. in the Year 962. By BcreHger's\jc.a\\ J{.i-
dft/phu became folc Soveraign of JfMj, but the Inconllancy of the lulUru, which always put
chem upon driving cut one Soveraign by another , cauied them to fi lMnit to H^gh Count
Aries, Son to Count Thiboli and Bertha the Daughter of iMhmrim II. R*ih^m after he had
received Intelligence that they had traytcroully kill d his F.irhcr-in-l.iw, ^.v?t/;./; i Duke
of SmmHa, recited to his own Kingdom Brnzuadj, and left Hugh in quiet pofldlion of ir^^^
have already (hown after what manner he became nufter of Rome, by the means of
JUa-ofias, and alfo how he was outtd \>y Alberic. Herevcngd himklf n Ltwhrtthc

Brother of G'jgthc affironc he received frcni his Siftcr-in-law, and having apprehended him,
hecaufedhisfiyestobeputout, and bellowed the Dukedom cf Tufcany on his Brother^
who proved no more faithful to him than /.jw^m- The /M//.r;v pit lent ly re-call d King
Radttlfhus^ who put himiclFincoa )?o{lurc of re-entring /r*/^, and cfaigaging in a frefh
War whh King ; but thcfe two Kin^s thought it nwft proper to come to an acccmnio-

dation, on condir^on rhat Rainlfbrn fhould renounce his prctenfions to the Kint;dom cf
Italy, xn^Hngh Ihould yield to him ail the Country he had then in pt^>ildiion bc>ond the
jilfes. Notwithllanding this accommodation, the ItaiUns continuing llill rtfolv'd toabtn-
don/JigA, invited Ar/tMlfhue Duke of Bavaria, the Baftard Son of y^w/y^pA/w the Emperor,
to come and take pofTcffion ofthe Crown. This Prince enters inM Jtalj with an Army and
advances as far as Teron.i, where he was received hyCtnint Ji7/e>and /i-^z/j.-r//." Hilht;p cf
thejpiacc. Utqfi came immediately with an Army and fat down before the place, and
having defeated a confiderable party of die Troops of Anmlfhmf, he obUg'd him to think-
of making his Retreat, and of taking Count Mllo along with him. The Count no
foonei underlbod his Dciign, but he went over to King H>:gh, and jirmifhui perceiv-
ing he was abandon d by hm», withdrew m
great hafte to liavArhi. TTie City cf ferwut
immediately furrendcr'd to King hingh, who fen t R.ithcriu! Biihop cf that City, ^ Pri-
foner to Hjrg», putied up with this fucccls, aiicrhehad causdhis Son Lou..irit4s
to be proclaim'd King , endeavour'd to furprize the City of Rome, and BlIjc^ d it
but perceiving he could net have Aim, he trcar.d wirh .'//wrr, and gave liim in Mar-
riage his Daughter Elda, xn licpcs, tiuc attcrwaicis he might make hmifelr Maltcr of
Rome; hut Alberic, as fubtle a Politician as himfelf, would not reiinqwdl the pJauM, acr
put it into the Hands of his Father-in-kw.
Much about this timc/I/iW-fj/f/, Archblfhop of/f;7rf,KingWi(rA s Kinfiran, thinking he might
make his fortune greater under theCovtrnmcnt ct K, tjiitrid Ins Church at ^fiVr/,
and comes mio Italj, and obtain d. contrary to all form of Law, the Biihopricksof fir-
rnM, Trent, and MmM,
-to which he annex'd tlie Marquifate tATrent.
leoVII. \\ hilft Albtric epSKxnA Rome, the f^oiy See was fiU d by Popes of a b!amc!trs I-fc ;but
they found them(dves in a Capacity of wifliing, rather than of doing good. Leo VII.
wnbruoceeded ^ImTSl. in the year 9^6, was call d by f.'odojrd the Servsj^ cf Cod.
K>od Intention was apparent bv his fending fjr Cd'i> the Abbot of C/«wt, to manage the
Treaty between and AWeric He hkcwiic wrote two Letrct?, <'f which we will
fpeak hereafter, which fhewhim to be alovcrof Ecdefiaftical In ipinie. The pvWilitatc
Stephen cf rht'; Pope no longer than three y cart and a few n cnt.' v
laltcd 1 he Romans chcfe in

VIII. hii place ui the year -^39 a (/^rw^*", who went under tlic jun;c ofJT/'fp/rf;? VIII. This E-
Ic^ion was very highly refented by Alheric, who thought tliat a Roman would have been
more for his Intereft Therefore fufpe&ing that he favour'd Hugh, and held a pi ivare
correfpondence with Otho, he caufcd him to be ill treated. They mangled his Faie lo bai -
baruuily, and render d it lo dcform'd, rhat he durit nor appear any mere in publick. This
PopefentaLe|^into/^^ i"'^f called D.unafiu, to the Princes of //vi;»rf and Bftrgundi, cx-
tloniiig thea to adwpwkdgc Lcwk^ the Son of Omks the Simple for tlicii- Law ful Kmg.

Digrtized by Google
of thi Tenth Century of Chrifiiamt). . ^ -

kiiB tfireacning to excommuhi^nte chem, if* they did not do it. He Iike*vi(e6nt f«rt)i9 again
into Italy, to tnediare the Peace between tfngh and Aihgrie, but aJJ to oo purpol^ fot *>jch
Oio and the Pope dy'd before it vvas concluded. *
yW^rjMW/ II. (uccceded Pope ^r^/Af* in the year 94?. who was reputed to be a man of '''^•'""*"*

iineuUr Piety abd we have an account in the life of Sb Vlric,^ Oiihop of AitstfOurg^ tluc
he foretold to this Saint the Death of his PredecelTor AiMertti, and withal a(|ur'd him jrhat
he Ihould fucceed him ; which h.ippcn*d thirty years before he was Tope All the time of
his Popedom he was very fei viceablu to the Church of Rome, in/etbrmiiig the Cleijky.and
llie Monks, in repairing Churches, and in taking; a particular care of the poor. He dujilii»>
wife what he could to promocc Peace anionj: tiic Chn'ftiai) PrincvS. He concluded dUC
tween Aiberic and /Asi*, and wrote fevcrai Letters in order to make up tlie breach betweea
CMffKing of Germaty, iHho. Sndeavour'd to enter Ita/j, and Lorhariu/, the Son of ffy^bi
who oppos'd his defign. He call d to Rome the Prior ot'Mount C*//7«, and Inrlcowd on hitn
the Government of the Monaltcry of S. Paul in Rome, Tis likewifc faid that he wrote a
Letter to <Rco Bifhop of Cofua, wherein he charges him with his ignorance of the Canons |
with his want of Learning with his holding too great an intimacy with fecubr perfoiis ;
; •

and with his having endeavour d, contrary to all form, to confer a Beiiericeou one of his
Deacons, which belong d to i Monastery. He gmnied feveral Piiviiedief to the B«mdiSH»
Monks, whom he favour d in a eraft many inftances.

jfy^mW. whofucceeded AUrituu, was likewifea holy nun, who govern'd the Church *8'P****
of with agreat deal of ^Srudence. Hefent into France a fiifhop, whofe nam^ was •

AMnus, to allUt io tfaf qiudity of a m

that Council held at I/igeihiim in the^ear 94&k
about the Conrefts between IGi^ Ltwit and Prince Hugh ; and Hngh of Vnnumintrzx^ Af'
talim, pretenders to the Archbifhoprick ofiRhelms. The caiifc was there dutirmin d in
favour of jirtaldits, Who was contirm'd in that Biihoprick. Hi^h pf VtrmM^u was dc»
da^dan Intriider and excommunicated ; and a Letter was written to Prince Hi^h tN»
Hiiite, in the name of the whole Council, and to Iiis Adliercncs, to admonilh them to
return to their Allegiance, under the pain of excommunication. The Sentence of thi^
Council was confinn'dthe year following in a Council held hy Agfftttu, wherein Prinoii
Hitgh was excommunicated, till fuch time as he Ihould t'ivc fatisfiction to Kin^ Lewit. v ^-.'r
Under this Popes Pontiiicate //.i/r felt another Revolution, jiialbert Marquis oUvred,'^
had two Sons, BrreMger by Gi/la, the Daughter of Seren^ King ofIttiJff\ and Anfchaire'"^^"*^
by Ermegariu, Daughter of the Marquis of Tufcanj. Thefe two Princes inherited the
power o? their Fatiierand Grand-Fathers by the Mother s lidc, and govern'd a pare of Italj. P"
The tird was prudent, ingenious and politick \ the fecond was valiant and bold. King
H)Kh had marry d his Niece ViUd, the Daughter of Bofon to BtrtMtfj but he began to be
jealous of the growini^ Greatness of thofe two Brothers , and relolv d to put a itop to it*
He began with Anfcfudre, whom he caus d to to be fet upon by Sarllo, vyho having madff
the S^latMs iXiACMteriiHs to revolt, defeated the Troops, he had rais'd &r hisowa d^
fence, and kill'd him ifi the Sktrflktlh. Bircnger, defvous to reveiqie die Death tA his BrH
the-, confpir d againlt King Hugh. This Prince having intclliEcnce thereof, took up a
reTolution in his Council to fend for hira, under pretence of making up a KeconciliatiocL
•And thcQ to pot him to death ; but his young SoniMharim, who had been preTent in Council
iSoold not forbear advertifing Berenger therctif, who, upon tlie receipt at this Intelligence,
ifled'lbrthwith to Herman Duke of S/Mhia, who ^relented him to King Otho. Hm^ fenc
to demand him, but 0th was fi> tu from delivenng him up, that he took him uiMiBr liii
Protefti' II. A while after ^rr^igrr returns to ft4ly, xt thL heid oF fome Troops j and
having laid Siege to a Fort which was held out by AdeUrd, tiic Clerk of Aiana^es^ he
becameMailer of it^ by promiling the Archbifhoprick of /^/(U> to that Bifhop, and to the
C\txk the Biihopick of Ctmd, in cafe he ihouid become Maftcr of Italy. Big with thefe
hopes, Af/Wfci/ffJ importunes the Princes of Italy in his behalf. ./W7/o Count of f^<To»4j was
the tirit wlnit! ! iot Berenger, and receiv d him into his City,
1 The Bifliop of -(^/<k
A«4 foon follow d his example, as did likcwife the City o^ Milan ^ where the FrinoesQf
IhUy cameto waiton Berenger, iuivin^ deferted King Hh h, who was rctir'd to fetm$^
From this pla(ie he lent his S>.v\ Lo-.h^ntts to M'l.i,i, L-onjuriu:; ^-renier and the F'rinces
ofi^4^^ to acknowledge hiin,lb): their King; and that for his uwiiparc hf It^d taken a
'^WMution to retire into Pi^iei^. The people mov'd with oonpaflum towards Lmbmtu,
\K'ho was not then . fourteen or Hfteen years old. atkiiowledged him their King*

witii the confcnt of i^ennger ; and tliey wrote to H:tgh, acq'uainting him, that he might
(if he i^eas'dj refide IHII in Italy. This Berenger order d, witli a ddign of feizing uponliis
Trcafures, which he was carrying off to Pro:rncc for yi:tj,^> and Lxkirius were only Ti-

tular Kinii^s, while rlie whole pjwer of i;jverain.4 w isiodt;din the hands of iierrnger.
tUlgb cox^A not bear this, but cunningly rctir d \\\io Provence, where hedy'd afliorttnne
after; leaving hisEihteto his Niece Hcrtl.ut, the Widdow ot ^y/ow. Count nf Arut 'I'hjs
Revolutijn happen cl about the year 945. Lotlurini Hill rctain'd the name of Kiii^of
but did not long enjov it; for about four years after, whether out of grief to feeliiniwlt
Righted, ur whether by the mUns of foniepoifon, he fell mad, anddyd diildlcfs, about
"Hi C the

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1^9 4 hl€i» jBcdelio^ical Htjlory
the Utter end of the year 949. Tlrrffjyn prcfcntly caiis'd himfelf to he proclaim d
King, and to be crown d with his cldelt Son Adulhrrtj and that he nut;hr render his
.new Authority the ftronger, he fought in Marriage for his Son, Jieluid, the VViddow of
Lotharins, DiU^hter to Radul^hus II. and Siltcr to CC'U jd, Kings of Enrgundy. This
Princefs having refus'd the oHer, he beii.j; d her in I'uvia, took her, and lent licr Pri-
foner to a Cartle aXVAte Garde: however, (he efcap'd thence by the help of a Priell, and
fled to Aho her Kinfinan, who undertook to defend her in the Fort of CanoQ'a, where
fli€ focur'd her felf. Beringer immediately fit down before the place w ith all his Forces.
But in the fecond year of the Sicj;c, this 'JHieen fc.-ing ht-r fclf rcduc dtothe laft extremi-
ty, fentto beg King AirUunce, and withher leif oftered him the Kiiij^domof J^4-
}f. The love of Glory rather than Intereft inclin'd tliis Prince to cro(s the Mountains. He
^tWseri Ade laid , marries her, and takes her along w ith him info GerntMy, leaving his
Army with ConrAd, Duke of LarrAin, to nuke an end of the War. Com-dd pred'ed (b
hotly on Beretiger and his Son, that they were fbrcd to lay down their Arms, and fttb^
mit to Otho, whom they went to wait upon in Crz-w-jy. He having given thein an Oath
of Allegiance and fealty, rellor d thcxr Kingdom to tiitm, only excepting the l erofit/i and
JWw/, which he gave to his Brother the Ddkeoi BdVM'i4i
During all thcfc Revolutions \n IiaIj, /fo/w^ was very auiet undt^r tlic Govji nment of
Ptpe Jolm jLbtriCy who would not futfer Otl)o to enter the place, though the Pope ylg.ifetus had iii-
AlL vited him thither. The Death of j41!fenV, which happen d in the year 954, made no al-
teration in Rome, for his Son 0^?rfw<»f, not above 16 years old, 1 living taken his place,
tontinu d the fame form of Government : and not nitisticd witli the Temporal pt;\vcr, lie
was minded to annex to it the Spiritual Authority, by getting himfelf advanc d to St.
ter'% Chair, after the Death of Aj^aperm, which happen'd in the year 955. He was not at
that time above 18 years of age at moft, and was the firrt Pope that clianged bis Name,
by afluming that o^John. He was truly t^cTv^elfth of tint name, tlio feveral count him
tne HMrtetmb, being led into that miftake by the ^bulous Ibry of Pope Jca». This Man
^nss fe fir from havmg any of thoTe qndities reqtrifite for fo great a Dignity, that he was %
Monfler in Debauchery and Irregularity. He bc£:.ui with nukinji W ar againll Pcnduld
Prince of CiMrM, in order to turn him out of his Eihtes but his defiga did not fucceed^

iteWtrt^anA he tbrc'd to retire, and to foe fir Peace. The Power of Berenger and AU&m fae-
Berenger came fb great, that t?'.ey began to be a Terror both to the Pope and the Rom.ins. Ever fince
M^Otho. Othti had re-euabliil) d them in the Kingdom of /r<<^, they lud continued to confpire againib
him and cruelly to opprefs their Subjects. willing to brii^ them to Subjection , had
fent hisSon Lkitol^'mto Italytogivc them Correction. This young PiiiKc aln;oft chasd
them otit of their Dominions, when he d. d in the year 958, not without fulpicion of being
poifon d, and fo left his Conquell imperfect. After Iiis Death, Bere/tgerxoiMtAertwmt
re-eftablifhed in their Kingdom, and continue! to cxci cife their Tyranny not only to the
other JtMiAm, but alfo to the Romans. This was the rcafon wliy JohnY^ll. lent two Legats
to Ofho, praying him ;*rdently for the Love of God, and the ApoftlesSt. /'<r/w andat.
i^M/, (they are Zttiturand s words) to come and ddiiver the Church of Rome from the in>
croachments of thele Tyrants, and to reftore it to its ptiinirive health and liberty. ^y^Uiert
Archbillu p cf Af'l.!", ruin d t ut cf hiS Church by that Afanafes, we formerly mention'd^
and tV*ldon ,^\Qxo^ oiC'ttm*^ Curu d likcwife out of his Biflioprick, and fcvcral oUier Lords
divefted cf their Denleafos, went at the fame time to prefer their complaints ro Otbo ; who
being affected with the niifcries of /w/t, march'd thirhtr, .ificr he had crown J his Son
fkho at Aix U Chapelle. though a lad f but about fevcn years of Age. Upon his Arrival Bc-

'mgvr, hit Wifo, and hi$5on, being abandon d by his Subjc^s, withdrew ^m the Towns
and the open Country, and betook rhcniftlvts c.ich of them to a Cittaticl. Otho was every
where receiv d with great Acclamations, recovers taiiit, \\x$ ciown'd King cf Iximhardj
9ltMUm by the Archbifliop, and from thence he raarch'd to Rome, where he rcctivd the
OAo Imperial Crown in the beginning of the e;ir 562, at the h.nids ut'Jolm XII. with the Uiii-
vcrial Acclam.irions of both Clergy an-. Laity. He fpent fomc time there with ilie Pope,
and having reftor d to the Church of Rome that which of right belona'd. to it. accordii^
his promife, he made Pope J"''" ;^nd the principal men of tlicCity, touveav hy the
* Body of St. Peter, that they would bear true Allegiance to him, and never tuniilhZfr-
ren^er ox Adalbert \\\x\\ any Siip:)lies Afier this h'j rcturn'd to Pati.i, with a full dcfiga
of putting an end to the War, by taking thofe CalUcs which Itill hdd out for Beren^er-,
He began with taking the'llleof St.Jtffa, whither Berenger's Wife ytxi retir'd, and re-
ftor'd It to the Church of AVtar. In the mean time , yf<£r/^<rr, fecking for afTiftancc in c-
very place, letir'd at lali to the Saracens^ and under hand iblicited Pope Jo/m to cOme o*
Toe 'dm- vtr tD hik Party. This Pope, whofe inclinarionsand intoitions did
not Ttttt wirii thib(e of
•"''r''^ the Eftiperor Or /.'(), being as much a Slave to V'icc and Debauchery, Prince was «
J®"" Lover ofOoodnefs and Virtue : This Pope, I fr<, that he might have the liberty of in-
dulging hisLufts, made privately "a League with Adalbert ^ and invited him to Ramt,
proniiling upon Oath to aid him againft Cr/tf. Tlie F.mperor being informed of it, fcnt
feveral of ins Attendants to Rome, to know what were the rcafons which indued die

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of tht Tenth Cantury of Chrijliamty. t \

Pope to enter into an Alliance Vtfh Ad*IBert. And wKen the J?o«f*w could give no otfifer
account, than that it arcfc only f rom the concrariery of Pope Jtf^'ws Morals and Condud,
lo thofe of the Emperor ; that Prince return d this prudetit Reply : " The Pope is as yet
but a Cliild, he may be betfer d by the Evamples of good men ; I hope to rtschtm htm
from his extravagancies by a g'xnl hondt rcprjof, and b- wholfom Af'v jn-, and then
we will lay With the Prophet, Beiiold the Ch*»ge made by the Hand of the moji Hi^h. So
-witfionr trwiMinc^ h« he&d mucH with the fetter imftices of (he Pope, he kid Siegb n
the C.iftle of Leo Vmhrij, whither Brren^er and his Wife was retird. Thither the Pops

lent Leo, chief Secretary of the Church of R ime, and DaHerrins , one of tlie principal J<0'
man Lords, to excufe his falling into the follies incident to youth, prumiwig} that for
the future he would be another kind of m,\n He gave them likcwife orders to complain

of the Emperor s retaining Biihop Z;/o, and Cardinal Jo/w; a D-'acon, who had failed in
their Duty towards hnn and of his not keeping the prom ife he had mtdb him, be*

caufe he caus'd tholl- whom he tCK>k to take the Oarh ro himfelf, but not to the Pope.
'l"hc Emperor return d this Anfwer, "That he was <;lad of the promife which the Pope
" had made of refbrmin^ and beaiinin^ a better man tor the future That for his part he :

" had religiouUy obferv d his proinife \ that he had indeed protnis'd to rejlore to the Chiirdi
"of Rome, all the TcrritorleS'which of right did belong to it ; but before he could- do
*' That he ha.i neither
that, he mull hrll take them, 'and render himfelf Mafter of them :

"leendie BifliopiVM' the Cardinal, wliom they clui^d him with entertaining} but chat
*^llel»d heard -tnit' being tent fi*om the Pope to tfie Emperor of CbnflaminofU, on a
** gotiation agaiiirt him, tlit'y had Ixen taken at Crpw./, tO';(.rhi. r with others whom the

Pope fent to. the Hunns, to engage tkem to fall upon him i hat chele proceedings wo«

" provd La^tet s lign d by the Pope, «nd feal'd with the Papal Seal Otb» difmis'd the
Pope's Deputies with this Anfwer, and with them fent two Bilhops ro Rome, to make an
ample julhhcation for him *, witli orders^ in cafe the Pope would not believe what they
1»ld him, to otfcr to prove it bv the Combat of two Champions, JahitXll. received thtie
EnvoTS very coldly, and to anmfc the Emperor, ho font to him eight days after John the
Bilhopof A'.trni and Cardinal BcnediH a Dciicni, to Negotiate with him. Before they

retorn'd, Adaikrt came to CivitA J 'lchia, aixl hum thencc to Rome, where he was re-
cciv'd very kiiully by the Pope. No fooner lud the Emperor intelligence thereof, but he
comes to iJowf with h's Forces in 963, being mvited by the Romans thcmfelves,
jaerc of whom had fcuM thcCalUe of St. PW, an<l held It out againft Adalbert. Upon
bis arrival, John XII. and Adtdben went oft'; the Romans receiv'd Otho, and took a new
Oath of Alleigance to htm, promiiing that they would neither chufe nor ordain any Pope f^^f^^t"!!!
without his coiilcnt and approbatitn. Three d.iys .ifrcr, xijxm the lequcft of feveral Bilhops ^A' J**'?

: Council

Blihopot' Saxofij, dr^er Bi{l\op of S^irej, jLnA Rubins Bifllop of Parma, with about 33
JuMan Btfhops more, fourteen or hfceen Cardinals, and a great many Officers of the JqIu, x(£.
Church of Rome, with feveral Lords and a Rcprelentativ c for the people The Emperor
demanded of the Aliitants, why the Pope was not prefent in this Council; they rc-
|dy d, that they wonder 'd he iliOHldask than a thing which was fo well known to the
whale World.- 1 hat 7f'/^« was not one ofthrfc, \\ bdii; cover'd with Sheeps cloathint^,
are inwardly Ravenous Wolves ; but that lie commutcci pubiickly .md in the Eye of the
world diabolical At^ions, without putting himlelf to the trouble of concealing them*
The Emperor told them it was but reafonablc to exprefs in particular, the heads of his
Accufation , and afterwards to debate what o.ight to be done. Then Cardinal Reter a
Priell, faid he had fccn him celebrate the Mafs without communicating Jehn Biihop :

Nmrm, and a Cardinal Deacon of the (ame name, declared that they had feen him ordain
a Deacon in a Stable extrMtem^e : Benediil, and the other Prielh and Deacons of Mom
declared, that they knew him to have conferrd Orders for Money, and to have ordain'd a
Child of ten years old Biihop of Todi. That it was not necefliiry to brine Witneiles to
iMHHft thefe Sacrileges, lince th^ were fo vifiUe, that all that could be find about them»
would not exprcTs the one half of what they would appear to I c, As for the Adultery
whereof he was accus'd, they faid, that indeed, they were not Eye-witnelVes of the Fa£l^
4Nit that they knew for certain, that he had abus d the Widdow of Rmier, AefhuiU, hie
Father's Concubine, the Wicidow and her Neice, and that he had made his Couit the
very link^ of Debauchery tlut lie went publickiy a hunting: that he had put out the

Eyes ofB^diH, his (pint it Father, whereof he dyd : that he had cut oft the Privm

Member? of Cardinal John the Subdeacon, whereof he likewife dy'd : that he had been
the cauic of a great many Fiies ; and that he was (een with a Sword in his
hmd , an Helmet on his head, and a Coat of Mail on his body. The Clergy and
Lairy there prefent cry'd out that they had feen him drink a health to the Devil, and fwear
by theHeathen Gods in his play at hazards : that he never took care to£iy his Office., or to
ajgiilif ilieOrofe. UponthdijacciiiMioiH^ tfaeEapararcfdeccd

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ii /J New Eccie/iafikal ibjiorj
CiuntiloC C/-emo>u to tell the Synod in Latin (for they could not undcrftand the J^jtow Langujge^
jtRome 4. in which he ipokejthat he conjurd them in the name of God, the Blefled Virgin, and the
tL'injljoha ApolUes to advance nothing agaiiUl the Pope, but what wa« certain and would bear good"

proof. They .xll rcpl- cd that they were willing to be Anathcmati/Zd, if Pone Jo/rw were not
guilty of the Crimes Uid to hisCharge, nay and of far mc^-c Humeful and Wrid than had
nim memioned. That if hewoidd not believe diem in this, yet that cuuld not be call'd tri
queftion of which the Emperors whole Army were Spcctitors, that lie appeared in Ar-
mour from Top to Toe at the Head of his lorccs and that if the 77^fr had not between

hinaM the Kinpeiors Army, he woilldhave becTi taken priibner in that Equipage. Tlic
Emperor .ickno-.vlcdg'd that this was true, and all his Soulrilers were Witndlcs' to ir. TIjc
Synod were of Opuuon that it was ncccifary to wi itc co tiic Pope, that he might cunc
and clear himfelf of the Crimes laid tohisCharge. The Letter wag wiicrcn in the luuic
the Emperor, of the Bifhops of Ugiiri^, TufcAny^ Saxony, and Frtwce, wliorcfided tl .cii at
Rme. They acquainted John, to whom they gave the Title of Pontifcx SummMs, and tlut uf
Vmverftl Bijhcp, that hiving demanded of the Clergy and Laity of aowv the rcafun of hit
ahfenc^ thty bad related fuchabomiDatblethingg of him, as would make the moil impih
dent toUtifh : that he was accuTod cf Homicide, of Perjury, of Sacriledge, and of Inceft
with two of his Relations Tluf it Ha* like wife reported oflum, th.uhe had drank a Health

to the Devii, and fworn by Jnfitfr, fkmu, and the other Heathen Deities in his play at ha*
Tards : that they etmeftly intreat him to come and dear hSmlelf of thc& Accafations,
furinghim upon Oath that nothing fliould be done againd him but what was agreeable to
the Canons. This Letter bears date Novtmbtr 6. 963, Pope 7o/>» KlI. having received
it, return 'd this anfwer. *' We hear yuu defign to make another Popet
Kfli Aitdmmui diartt "but if you do, I excommunicate you by the Almighty God, fo that you
v^^i vu tultii al'tHiti *' /hall not be capable of ordaining any man, or of celebrating the Mais.
r.tpamfacae. St Ire being remitted to the Synod, to which the Archbifliop of
n Trrves^ and thjee Bifliops of EmilU uidU^uria uert: likew ife come they made

^iLhlL TT'''' the Pope thi.-! Reply ; Tlut the Letter he had lent w.s a iign of his folly
^!i!^BmtJiJa!ri7 ^^"^ of Prudence: that he Oiould have aUedg'd fome rea^boabte ex-
* abfence ,. and fent his Deputies to give the Synod an actounr
Mi6*m eelehrart.
thereof : that they would fubmir to him, provided he delay d not coming to
clear himfelf of the Crimes laid to his charge ; but that if he would not do that, they
would not value his excommuaicatioau which they mijebc with jullice retort upon bim.
This fecond Letter of the Council to nie Pope bean date Nwrnber 20. and was fent by
Cardinal Adrian a Prieft,and Cardinal ^rw^^/Zt? a Deacon They w cnc as far as Tihcr to give

it hin,- but diey could not meet with him there, for lie was rid into the Country b>
ftcrthey came* Wherefoffe not meeting with any perfon that could snferm them what
btwm gone, they brouglit the Letter back to the Council, whicli was fitting a third time.
The Emperor prden ted to them the Complaint which he in particular had to prcfa a-
Sinftjon*, tnx.. That forafinuch as that Pope had fent for him to him againflr A'
Ibert, and had afterwards taken an Oath of Allegiance to him, yet he had lince invited
this iame ^<i</^rrr to Kmc, and put himfelf at the head of the Revolters. Then theBi-
. flof]^ the Clergy, and die Laity tSRome faid, that it was ncceHary to cure this extraor*

dinary Wound, by as extraordinary a Remedy That if the debauch d Mor.,!s cf Pope

Jibn XII. had injur'd tlic Emperor only he might have met with fome toleration
, \ but
tincehe waathe ruin of to many, by the fcandal and bad example he had given, they \
retjuir'd the Emperor that this Monfter (whom it was impoifible to reclaim from his
Vices) Ihould be turn'd out of the Church of Rome, and that another Pope of an exem- 1

l^ary Life ihould be fet up in lus room. The Emperor approv'd of this Kcfolution, and <

deciar'd it was his delire, thatthev would choofe one who was worthy of iittirig inSt. \

the Crdi- Peter % Chair. He had no foonerdone fpeaking, butthofe who were prefent cry^d out
nation cf unanimoufly, that they chcfe the V'ene/able Leo, chief Secretary of the Church of Rome,
Ptfe Leo to be their Faflor, and Sovtrai^Pf and Univerlal Pope of the Roma» Church, rejofting
Vtll. jUwthe Apoftate becanfe of his irregular Life. Having repeated this their Voteriiree
limes, the)', according to cuitom, conducted Leo to the Ltittran Palace, confocrared hira
afterwards in ^x.Vttcn Church, and took an Oath of Fidelity to him. After this the
Emperor OtlA fuppoiing he had nothing more to fear in Rome, difinifsVl part of h^
Troops, that tney might not be a ereivance to the people but xVt Romans, woii ovet by

she BTomiies ofjoitn, loon after role up in Arms, and made Barricades to indcfeand cut
offolrki Bathe was refcu'd by the bravery of his Troops, defeated die Seditious, kiil'd'
part of them, and obligd die people to give him Hoftages. Pope Leo the Eighth of that
mmCp willing to ingratiate himfelf with the people, prevail'd io far with the Emperor
tgrhit inimcies, thatheperfwadedhimtorenore the Hoftages before his departure. But
jmfijOOCT was this Prince withdrawn to purfuc yfd,tli>ert, who lurk d about Camerin and
ftelhfa, but the Women whom Pope Jo^/i had debauch d, llirr 'd up the people to revolt
atteflw The Seditious had a defign ofpmtiBg Leo to death, and receiving John ; but the'
" ftiatliiUMiiQfflyiaAioneEiB|wrar: atiorthel^^

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of the Tenth Century of ChrijHanity,
but he Us'd the Friends of Leo very barboroiilly. among
others Cardinal jt^n a Deacon, the Re-e-
whofe right-hand he causd to be cut off \ Afu chief Secretary, whofe Tongue he cut out.^"*/'/*-
and cut off two of his I'ingers and his Nofc } and Orger Bifliop of Sfires, whom he causa'""' "f
tobewbipp'd cruelly, and would not lee iumgo^ but in hopes liy bia meanato olxain the^'<'/' J^'^'^
EfBperor's pardon, ^hn to aurhome his I^roceedings by an Aft tfiat ihould have fome'^'I*
ihew of Jullice, held a Syn^d FehrHnrj 26. in the year 964, where .ifniled fixteen Bi/hops
of lulj, and iome Cardinals. Thefe Prelates, devoted to the will and pleaTure of this
Pope, condetnn'd the Synod which had depos'd him, and elefted Leo in his Aenl : They
nronounc'd a Sentence uf Depolition agiinll I^o uiuthematiz'd all thofc who favour'd

iiim : declar'd his Ordinations null cotivea d chofe whom he had ordain d to the Coun-

cil ; and after thejr haiel d)li|d them to declare in writing, diathe who had ordain
them, having no power to do it, had not conferr'd any Order upon them, they flripp'd
them of their habits they cunlcrain'd Bentdiii Bifliop. of Porto, and Gregory Bilhop ot A!'

tMtd, to confefs they had done amifs in ordaining and they (ufpended them for a
time: and bjcuif.- iVrt? BliTiop oxoftla, who was one of thofc that lud ordain'd him, did
HOC af^ear before the Synad , tiic) dciiard hnn depriv'd of his Priefthood, without any
hopes of bein^ reflor'd ; they declar'd all thofc wlio lyd contributed to the OnlilBltioiltt
Imj or favour d him, or acitnowledg'd him afterwards, to be dqws'd or excommu-

nicated. '

The Emperor Othj being inform d of pafs'd at Rome, prepar d for his return
.thither, to puniihjoifaw according to his deferts.} but God prcvcnnd his Vengeance, ^^^(pE\£.
that inftmotts wretch receiv'd a mortal Wound as he was fpoi tin^ lumfelfone night with •/^^f'J'"*'
a Lady outof Towti, of which he dy"d within eight d^ys after, on ilie fourteenth of ^ f'ty,
Without teceivii^ the Sacraments. The £<m9m«/ perfilbng in theu: revolt , were before BeneJia
hand with the Emperor, by choodng Cardinal Semi^ a JDsacoo, ami placing him upon Anti.
the Papal Chalr,_upon his promife of never quitting it. A whileafter the Emperor caiucp^eij'
with his Armv, i'at down i^cforc ^ow«i and without being tcrrilied at the Excommunica-
tionriiunder'd againft him by ^//ffifcr, he confbrain d the
want of neceflaries , to open the City Gates unto him on the 2 3 June. As fcon as he enter *d Bcncdi^
Mome, that he might do nothing irregular, he ijeld a Synod, wliere he caus d ^fwt/zV? to be '''P*'
brought in his Pontirical Habit. He demanded of him by C.irdinal Be»ed^ the Arch-deacon, Lco_Vlii.
by what Avithoriry, and acccidii.^j 10 what Laws he had ufurp'd that Dignity in the Life":SPf"
time of Pope Leo, whom he iiiuiklt had c kcted, and why he had violated the Oath lie lud
teken with the relV of the Romtuu^ not to chqle any Pope withoBtdie Confent of the Em-
peror, .^r/rr^/iff acknowlcdg d his fault, and begg'dthe Emperor's Pardon, he divelled
niaifelfofhisPontiHcal habit, and put them, together with the Paftoral Rod, into /^o's
hands. Leo diverted him likewife ot his Cope, and declar'd him depriv'd of all Sacerdotal
and Prieftly Dignity, leavine him only the Order of Deacon, in confideration of the Em-
peror (Mn ; but he prohibited him from ftaying at Rome^ ana banifliM him. This Council
by a folemn Decree, related by Cm/rfw, granted to the Emperor the right of choofing a
Pope, and of inverting Bifhops and Archbilliops, and tbrbad thechooting a Pope without
his Confent, or ordaining a Bifhop deft, till he fhould reodve iiiv«ftinirefi«Hf the Empd-
ror. There is another Decree of Pope Leo, whereby he grants to the Emperor Otho all that
Fepir. and Cherlemagne had given to the Church of Rome ; but this is fuch a dubious Piece, as
dcTerves no credit.
0/i£> having thus quieted the City of Rome, departed thence afcer the FeftivalofS. Peter^
in order to return m Lamia) dj, raking along with him the Antipope £enedi£lis Prifoner,
and carrying off with him a many Bodies of the Saint& He loft in hit March a great
many of his Men by Sicknefs kept his Chrlfimdfs at F^tvia, and the next year retum'd into

Saxonj, after he had given his Inftruftions for the Affairs of Jiei^. BeneJid dy d at Hmh-
httrgh in Jnlj 965, after he had edified the Germans by his Piety, and made it appear dttt
he deferv'd to have been Difhop of Rome^ if he had been rais'd to that Dignity according 10
r)ic Canon. Leo dy d likewife the fame year. Afler his Death the RomMm fent Deputies to
the Eroptror Otho, to know his pleafurc concerning the Election of a Pope. Some Authors
have writ, that BeaedUl not being dead when Leo dy'd, the Emperor OtifO had a delign of
rc-eftabliming him, if he had not dy'd in the very mterim. Let the cafe be how it will,
John Bifhop of Narni, who was his Creature, was the man whom he deOgn'd to advance . . _
to chat Dignity • and 'tis very probable that be told his Intention to die Mmium Deputies.-'*'""'"'
He was thcreopon defted, and i^ac'd in the Holy See, and is theTU^ftMrftof that Name.
But whereas he was fupportcd by the Emperor, and wedded to his Intci efts, he treiucd
Very haughtily th6 principal Lords ot Rome, w ho arteded to retam the Liberty they enjoy 'd
%maer.<wmV. This was the reafon why they declar'd againrt this Pope, and refi^v'dto
turn him out of his Popedom. They caus'd him to be arrerted by Roger tne Prefeft ofRoftie,
being alTifted by Jettfry Count oSCdmfagnia, whither John was fcnt Prifoner. This Jftfry
teiT^ kill'd fome tine after, itfkd JEigrr bein;^ dead, the Rm*Mt being afraid of die Empe-
ror Or^v, who was preparing to come into /r.(/r, fee the Pope at liba-ty, and permitted
hxax to return xoiiome. itowever this did not huider the Emperor from comity peat

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J Ne)P Ecclc/Mjlical Hiftory
mardies to Rome; upon his arrival he arreilcd the ConTuls, the Prefecl, ajid the Decem-
viri (aBody t>f ten men who vrere inftead of a Sefaat^ and the Gnnd Council of th« City).
• -
He puniOid them afrer an cxamplary manner, for he fent the Confuls and the Prefect
mGertMHy\ and after he had caus'd the laft to be fiuniefuUy dragg'd and
wWpp'd through the Streets of Rme^ he hang'd up the Decemviri. 'Tis reported that he
likewifc ordered the Bodies of Jrq/S^ and Ro^rr tohc dug up, and afrer they uc-c dr.ig^'d
through the City, to be cali into the Comiiion-fhoie. lUvuig by thefe fcvcrc ProcL-cUiiigs
ftruck an Awe
into ihe minds of the Rohaks, after he had kept' his Ctr//?^?-?/} in the >ear
^66 at Rome, he went to /f4tr»»4 witii Pope Jofor, where he held aSyncd alvut Fujier,
ij»C»«wi/ in die year 967, wiici ein fevcral Regulations were made in the Ecclclialiical Difciclinc ;
^lUfeniit anddte rellor'd to the Church of Rom kke To^vns and Ttrritcries, w^hich had
nthejett been granted it Pepi/t and Ch^trUim^He
foimerly by They likewife excommunicated Ha-
ffj, of SaJt^ttr^h, becaufe he would officiate and wear the Pall, tho he had loft
..yold Archbifliop
his fight ; and Waufc, being charged with fcvcral crimes bclides, the Popes had prohibit-
ed him from cxerciiing anv Ej^copalfiinftioflu and FretUrie was put ia his plac^ w ho was
••nowCanfinn*d>' They liktwife rais'ld the Bimoprick on fvhidi the Town of Ma^M'ftr^b
depended, to an ^rchbifhoprick, by thcConrciit and Approbation of Hatto Arclibilhop t-f
.^itfeiKe, «nd Hiidevttrd Biihop of HMbajiat. From Ravemd the Empeior went into Tuf-
cMirf^ and (entfbr his Son Otho^ in order to have him crown'd Emperor by the Pope, which
Ceremony was perform \! .u /?ov;/- in the C/m"/?/?*,^/} hclydays, in the 967. Afrcr this
Expedition of Of/;©, Pope 7(//^» enjoy "d the Popedom very quietly W'liilll he liv'd. Hcraisd

the BiHioprick of Caput to an Ardmiflioprick, in recompcnce of the kind ulage he race

with there during his I uiprifoiimcnt. He fent a Legat into PofovLt, to inftruct the Po/cuf-
a»s, who dcfu d to be converted. He likewife fcnc a Legat to the f 'anJMs, and wrote fe-
veral Letters, wherein he recommended to the Biihops the obfervation of the C^otrh Dis-
cipline. Tisobfcrvd that he with a certain Ceremony blefs'd a new Bell belonging to the
Church of Saint John of ilie Laierj», and that this is the hi ll inltancc w c have of fuch Bene-
nediftions, on which the Title of Chrijimttg was afterwards improperly imposd. This
6«i«sWl^oFedy'd.$!f//nwf»*6. 072. Dow« alias />ww»«»facceeded. him, who dy'd at the end of
foKdift ^^^^^ months, without having done any thing of note. After him iJSfWfifffVI.had thePopc-
^I, dom: fome there arc who pretend, that he was in pofleifion of it before /Jo««< dyed. Let
the cafe be how iciyill, he furviv'd him, but came to a tragical end. Vox Otho dyia^ Maj
7. 973, a JSiM Lord of great Authority, (lam'd Gnciiu, causVlebe Pbretobefdzd on»
and committed him Ptiniiar to theCftttle of St. ^igf^, where he was ftnu^ed [(bme iew
days after*
Boniface This bloody de(^ \(ras put in Execntinn by theinfiiHiation of /r^nro, fimam'd SomfMe,
»AfT//»r;fr a Cardinal Dc.;con, whom C7^ri;rrf terms the moft impio us monftcr of M nikit;d, whora-
Mrwi^Bc* ther defcrvcd tlic name of Aiuieface^ than that of Boniface. This man, tho all o re bcfinear'd
nedkl. widi the blood of
- yet Kizesupon the Papal Chair in the year 974. But the'Jf^*
mans could not endure him long and having f und cur a PiflK p named BeneiiSl, of the

Family of the Mferics^ they fct nim up in oppolition to Bonijace^ wlio was forced in the
.year975> tu By to Con^antiw^le, whither he carried the things which he Sacrilegiouliy ri-
ried from ydc\s.VMican Church bcfoie he went oti. This BtneAiil was put up in his ftcad, and
enjoy d the Popedom very peaceably till the tenth of j^ilj^ in the year 984, on whicli day
the V/gts he dy'd. During thefe Revolutions, the Empor Otho II. was wholly taken up in GermAny^
and Death againft the Bohenutou^ and LotharlHs King of FratKc % and he^ was no fooner out of that
«/Odio II- Fatigue, but he was engag d to be^^in a new War in /m^ againil the Grrri^/, w ho, w ith
the alfiltance of the Saracer.s, deligiied to rc-take and Calabria. At rirft he had
fome advantage over the Enemy, but afterwards h6 was entirely defeated and taken Pri-
loner : Howerer, he found a way to make his elcape, and having rally'd fome Troops, he
alfaultcd and took the City tf i^r;7:—<vjr, becaufe the pet^ple of that Country had hcci .iy d
him. From thence he ret urn d to Home, where he dy d of grief on Becember 6 . 983. Af-
ter his death there arofe a debate about the choice of an Emperor; fome would have Mw*
ry Duke of Bavaria, Nephew to Ot^'n the Creat, ro be crow n d the Italians w ere for an Ita-

Emperor, nam'd Crefcentiui, but the Germans whofe iutereft was ihonefiA-Zl Rome^
Otfx> III. caufed Otho ill. the Son of the lalt C'-'k to be crown'd Emperor, with die Conlene of Pope
ertwned Benedict , who ilid not furvive Otho II. above fix Months.
^^^"^ BiOiop of Pai'ia was put in lus place, and took upon iiim the name of 7oA» XIV. lie
John XIV* High-ChanccUor to the Emixror and it was doubtlefs by the recommenda-
tion of this Pnncc, rlut he was advanc'd to this Dignitv, but he did nor enjoy it inig; for
Boniface return dtiom Conjiannnople in the year 985, and iiaving rnus'd feme of his own
Boniface fi^lion, and won the people by diltributing among them the money he had rais'd, by the
retKna ta of thofe rich Ornaments he had carry d from Rome, he render d himfcif very powerful
inibmv, leiz'donPope Johitj loaded him ^^th Irons, fhut him up in the Callle of Saint
^gelOf where he ftarv d him to death at the end of four months j but he himfelf did not
furtive above four months, and dy'd hated by all the World, even by thofe of his own
faftkm, who, 9fcc( his I^dv iMo Idi body very coirtORMliDiilly. Upon die DeaA of this

Digitized by Gopgle
of the Tenth Cehtury of Chriflsanity. i 5
Tvrant, the Clertjr iiid Lait7 6f Ifftwf wert left itlibAtjfto eie^A Pope. The diotoe
flil on a iPriell nam'd John, the fifreenrh Pope of tluit Tlie b;;4iri;iinu of liis Pi pc- joUn Kif
dom was diliurb'd by the fear he had chat Crefcentiits, wiiu having taken upon him rl]e ti-
tle ofConfuI, fm'A on the Callle of S. Angch, would not life him Co kindly as he did his
Predecellor. lli:(l;r this apprchenlion he withdrew into 7Af/f.»«;f, fiom whence he fent fe-
vcral Deputies to pr.iyi!ig him co come ro his .uIiltanLC It was th!S that inciind
the RimMitt ,who knew bv experience what they wcic to fc.t from fuch kind tf Viiits as
the Emperors made, to fend an hoiuuii MMc i.n.h.alagc to the Pope, e.imeltly to entreat
him to return, by givint^ him all the allumiKc he couid ucluc. He hearkened to them,
ud wasRoeiv'd with all the figns inu^nable of fubmillivm and r^ieft* From that time
forward he cnjoy'd the Holy See very peaceably till about the latter end cfhis Popedom,
at wliich tmic he v\ as again fo difturb'd by CrefcentiHs, tliat he was torced to pray the Em-
peror O/Ao to cometo hisalliltance- This Prince immediately march d with an Army in-
to balj^ and llorap'd fome time at RnvemM, During his ftay there, John XV. dyed in
Mky 996. The RomMi were oblig'd by an order from the Emperor to elecl in his place
Brtnto his Coufin-gcrman, who took upon him the name of Gregory V'. \}\MCrrfci\r.!ui- loon cregorjV.
after outed him, and fet up in his ftead John Biihop of PUctmui, This AcUon was not john tbe \
long impunifli'd, for Oth» eune immediately with his Arfny, and being (ban Matter of AAti-ptpe. |

jRomf, re-dhhViih d Crfgor^. JoAn fecur'd Iiimfelf with Cr^/r<r;'//.'«, in tlie Caflle of Saint
Ai^cio, The Emperor belieg'd it, Crtjccntim held it out very vigoroully, and it would
have been very difficult to have taken it, had riot he been kiil d treacheroufly. The An;
tipope 70/7W was taken, his Eyes were fcratch'd our, his Nofe and his Ears were cur otf,
and in that pollure was he led through the Streets of Rome, mounted on an Als widi his
Head towards the Tail, and forc'd to (ay as he Went aloi^ IVlMwrfisU JUr* to tU/fof^
a Pope, let him be ferv'd like me.
Tis faid tlut Gregory^ to prevent the trouble which might afterwards arifc in the E-
lefiion ofan Emperor, orderd that for the future itihoiudbe made by a cci tun number
of (7«r»»4» Princes, which he appointed ; which was done at theinllanr, and by the au-
thority of the Emperor OfA?, and to fevour thofe of his own Nation, and doubtlefs with
die approbation or the AonMK/. This Pope did not furvive his Eletlion aoove two y£*rS(3jrtert
and ei^t or nine months. Otho caus'd Gerbert to be elected in his ojace, who took upon ^^^'^ p^i^
him the name of Sihefter II. He had been formerly Archbiihop or Rheimj, and was then siiYcdcj
Archbifhop of Ravenna, having been oblig d, as wc fliall hereafter declare, to quit his
firil Acchbuhoprick. He was a man of great Learning, and much in favour with OthOf
Ivhlchindb'd lyinio prefer him, before all others, to that Dignity, fuppoling he conld
hot find a perfon more worthy to fill the Chair, or in whom he could more rely. We
lhall have occaiion to fpeak of the Aftions of this Prelate, before be was Pope, in the H>»
ftcwy of the Churches of fr^»rr during this Century s uidofwhathe did or wrote while
he was Pope, in the Hiltory of the following Ccntxiry, to which it beloil9, ibr he Wai
noK promoted to Saint Peter s Chair till about March, in the year 999.
• . ...

An Account oflibe ILoman Wthon in the Tenth Century,

AFter wh4t has been related of the State of the Church of Rime dwing the Tenth Cen-
tury, and of the Qjialificaticns of thole who eovern'd it, 'tis no wonder that we
havcfu tew Monuments of dds Chardii'dtber of C(Miii«|b]ieU at itawh or ofL^ten
writtcB by theJtopes.

John IX.
iot LttMi
^Obn the Ninth has us four Letters, and the Aftsof two Councils. The firft of thefe affotiapt'.

7^ . Letters, is dirctted to Harvej, Archbidiop of Rheimi, who fent to know of him how he
'^ibuld dkHumcktheiVirnM*/, who, after they had been bapttzd, had led lives wholly
Paean, and were tranfported to that degree of Extravagance, as to kill the Chrilliaris
and Priells, to facrifice to Idols, and to eat of fuch things as had been offered in facrifice
tfl.them. John IX. afcirhehad cungnrulated the Archbilliops happinefs, in the con*
vdrfion of Normandy, returns him this Anfwcr, that the perfons he mentiond being but
giewly converted, and not fully intruded in the Chnlban Religion, ought not to be
dealt with according to the naor of the Canons, but with fome fort of gentleftels and
hioderation. That however, if there were any among them, who would fubmit to all
the feverities df Pennance, he ought to proceed againll fiicn according to the Canon.
Agreeable to this Letter, Harvey lent to Gta, Archbilhop of Roan a containing Hartcy
dbsinilitutions of Councils god Popes, di^ Authorities of the fathers, and the Exaaapic jinbitif^
jiJ^ina,conoiriiing4ihe Mercy and Moderatioa wbicli 011^ n
exerek'd towards 9m
CMMK Surnets upon their fincere converfion and repentance.

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1 6 A New Ecclcfdfttcal Htflory
JohHi Tccond Letter dircfted ro J>i7/<i» Bifljop of Neoetfarfs: Hc congratulates his

ftedfjftncfs to the Cliuich nf Riime, from whofe communion norhiiii; was ubic to ftpa-
rate him, and declares to liinu tlut he hopes that by liis Prayers lie would prevail upon
God to put an end to the Schilm, .whidi was of 40 years continu.nKc. He likew ife de-
dares, 'tis his intention that tlie Decrees of his Predecefl'ors againlW/.w;"«/ nid his Adhe-
rents, fliould continue in their full force, and exhorts hinj not to atl contrary to
The third Letter of 7o/j« is dircfted to the Clergy and Laity cf Lati^res in Fntncc, who
had petitioned his Authority for re-eftablifhine ot Ar^rin, their Bifliop, who lud been
turn d out of his Bi(hopricK by the Sentence of Siefhin the PredecellDf of Pope 3Ww. He
being well informed that this fiiflioo had been deded canonically, that he was tum'd out
Upon filfe grounds, and thit there nad been never snothcr put in his place, re-dhblilhes
him by this Letter, notwithflanding the decree of Stefhen, wherein he tells them, " That
h« did not revoke what was done, but that he altered it for the better, for the btnedt
" of die Church, and out of pore neceffity, as his Predeceffors'had done upon feveral
"occafions. He wrote the very fame Wofds at that time to C7A/Wfi the i/w//-, and prays
^° re-invell A^grin in his Bifhoprick, vt-hich is his fourth Letter. W'c have two Let-
Tte Letter*
ters likewife of Pope Ben^diS on the famefubjeft, wherein Writtng to the Biibopg of
ff flfw»A,ft
ff^ FrMncCf to the Clergy and BiHiop of Langres, he confirm'd the fentiDCeof his FMdeolflbr
in fiivour of Argrin. and very earneftly prdlcs for his Kdlitution
The Utter ^^^^ likewife rw6 Letters of the Biihops of GemkOtf direifted to this Pope. The
•/Hatto firftis writ in the name of Hatio^ Archbilhoo of Mdyence^ and his SulBagans. Afrer pro-
ArMA^ tcllation made, that there were no Churclies more fubmilTive to the Holy See than
WMaymr Theirs, nor any Biihops paid ereater deference to it than they did, they acquaint him
f»JolBlX.>hat the Emperor Anw^imt beinedead, his Son Lewis had been elected in his place.
In the Advice of the Prmccs, and with the CQoTenc of the People, according to tlie An-
dvent cuftora cf continuing the Kines of frrfwr always in the fame Line. They told !

ikefopc, tbat the reafon why they did it widiout his permillioiu was» becaufe all the 1

BdlTei that open'd from Germoty to hsfy, were inthe pofldfkm of the B/nrhmatit, fo that
tlicy could not fend Deputies to Kofne, fior could the Pone fend his Legars to them :
that having at hik found an opportunity of conveying this Letter to liis hands, they
^. pray d him to confirm by his Benraiftion the choice which they had nuide. After this
they inform'd him of the Complaints which tlic Biflions cfBavjria made, upon the account
that the JVii/MMj/iar/, who had polfefs d thcmleves of A/oz-^W^, and were deck r d Rebels
tgainftthefmnfA, pretended that diey were out of their Jurifdiclicn, and wotrid have a
didincl Afetropoiltan of their own and they actus d the Bavariam of entering into Alli-
ance with the Pagans, and p,irraking of the diloiders ^hich they committed. They
aflur'd the Pope, that this accufarion was a malicious calumny, and gave him to under-
lUnd, that if he fliould grant the MorAv:.r,)s x Jflctrepo/itan, and permit than to withdraw
themfelves from the Jurifdidion of the Biiliops cf Bavaria, he would be ihc caufc ofgrcat
diforders; fortius would give them an occaHon of rifing againll the powers to \vliieh
they ought to be fubjc^l, and of making a new War with them. They added, that they
gave him this caution with ib much the more freedom, be<^au(c they thought thcmfelv cs
obligd to inform him, when ever any thing happeiui to ilic Church of Borne which
deferv'd corrcftion, thatfolume fpeedy and. iK^reiiary Kcintedy mi^ht be apply d thereto.
. The Letter of Thntmarm , MetrofmrM of Bavaria, and of the oiIkt Bifhops
Jbe Letter of that Province Ujh the Gmc lubieft is ai rtioUj;.
11 Tis written not only
tf the Bi. in ch« name of tiie biihop . but alio in the name of the Clergy and peo-
(hpitfht- pie of BMtmriM. They remonftrated to the Pope , that havii^ learn d from his
varia tn PrcdccefTors, and the lloly Fathers of the Cliurch, that the Biihop o{' Rome, had ul-
John IX. ways taken care to maintain the, Uuicv:i, and Uifcipline cf each Church, tiwy
could not tell how to believe what they had notice of every day, that there was tfliied out
rfthc Apoftolical See fthc Ori^inc of ilie Chrillian I<.cli5;ioii, and the fource of their
lactidotal Dignit)} a Decree unjuil, and contrary to the Doctnne and Authoi tty of the
Church: but that anr Archbifhop called John, and two Bi/hops who ^ave out that they
were fent by the Pope to Mm:-;: '..i,:- , had t^ivcn occalioii for ihis Kt j^iM c. That thclc
People were formth-ly Depend anrs. on their i'luue, and on their iiuiiops, who had con-
verted them : That the Bifhop ofi*4jf4n li id al ways liberty of entring among them, and
of holding Synods there, till fuch time as they rofe up in Arms, and renounc d ChrilVianiry.
That of late indeed thty bcaftcd that they tor a fummof Money had prevail (1 upon the
Pci)e to fend thrtsi Bifl\ops, who, in the Biflu prick of l\tf[Aw had undertaken fuch a
thing, as they couid not believe proceeded from the Holy Apuilolical Sec, iK-ini; fo di-
re^ly contrary ro the Intention ofthe Canons > namely, to canton that Billuini ick into
Hvep?.its, and ro pl.t ce an Archbifhop and tluec BiiliO()s into that Diocef:;, without the
confentot ilie Archbilliop and Bilhqp. They cited two Canons of Afriok, and fev«iral
Kaii'a)<es out of the Letters ofPope LnvaACekfiitte, wherein this vciy thing waspr<f-
;bited. They add, that hi* PtetlccefTor had cim'fecrated '^V^i&v'iMtf BiA

Digitized by Gopgle
of tU Tenth Century of Cbrifiiai^. i y
oifths inftiace.Q^theDukeof buc withal, hadicat him not into the Diitchy,
of P-'!fi^, but iatoaConquer'd,U>untry., They iikewife c(Mtiplain'<i. that his t^ats*
giving creilic to the' Stories of Ac
ScUnwumu, accus'd them of feveni falfitiflfc They'
Iikewife took notice that tliclr Prince was deicendcd from the Houfe of the King of
JFr«Ky. who w^re Chrtilia^ whefeas th« Mtrmd^ns and Scinvmans were originailr Fa*
pSttsmA Enemies to theChriflufi Religkm. They prais'd thdr King Lfwu, and ob-
jerv'd h i\<^ zealous he was fvir Rclit;ion and the Holy Sec. They refuted the Reports
vAuck thcScU'JomaHs had raisd of their entering into a prophane AlUaace with tht ntamtp
iAd of the^r fufiplythg them with money to go mto ^mj. T\wy fiiid that the SeUvt m i m
were the perfons wlio wt:rc in confederacy with the Hmm^ when they pillag'd, burntj
andravagdall before thciu. That for their parts, they dehgn'd to have opposd their
OlWring ^'^> aH<i to Iiave march'd to the AiTillance of Lombarij\ and that they might
in a condition to do it, they delired a Ceftation of Arms from the ScUvoniMns, but
could not obtain it. They concluded by conjuring the Pope not to give credit to the
calumnies which the SeUtitmmt caft upoq tfutOi nor (meg (odi a divifion tlidc M

One of the two Councils held under JohM IX. conven'd at Eome^ and the other at Ma-
itenAx. The Inllitutions of the former are divided into twelve Articles,
The firft condemns the Proceedings of the Synods held under Stefhen VI. againft the
Body of FormofHs, which they had dug out of his Grave, cited and judg'd in a ^11 Synod,
which was an Aclion without all Precedent. In this Article is forbidden all fuch ufage
fyk the future, becaufe a dead body cannot b^ cited into a Qourt of Judicature, lince 'tis
tmpoffiUe he Inoald suifwer the Accufadons liid to His charge
The fccoiid grants a full pardon to the Bifiiops, Priells, and other Clergy-men, who
Dtit of fbar of be ins ill treated themfelves, j^iVuled ai that i And Orders that ror tbo
fiitnre no fuch conftraints (hall be ufed, but tlutt the Biihops when d»qr convene ihall be
left to a perfcft Liberty and Freedom.
The third impr-ts, fuice Formofm had ^xgn tranflated from the Bilhoprick of
prr« to that of Komc, purely out of mwellk]r; 'iK>parronooifld inake it a Precedent for the.
future, and it flull not b<t .illow'd to promote any perfonto arty higher degree of Digni-
tv, who has been d&clar J to have forfeited an inferior Order , unle& he has been re-eila-
bliih d canonicallv ; as the people had done in advancing Bonifact L
wAio had been de-
pos'd fi omthe Suodeaconfliip, and afterwards from PriciVs Orders.
The fourth reftorcs thofe Clerks to their Orders, wiio were ordain'd by Pope Formofut,
and had been deposed in a patfion.
The fifth renews the Canon of the >^iV4»Council againftReK)rdinati6n$,Re-baptizations,'
and Trandations } and prohibites the, ordinary Bifhops in dioTe Churches, which were
provided with Ettlhops, nnldi tfadb who were in po^flioii had been depotd according to
theCanonp ' •
' • a •

Thefiacdi connntirthe comecration of £«wMrr for Emperor, and ebndeams that or

The feventh condemns the Acts of the Council of Kvme againil T<armtifns^ to be
The eighth declares Serglus^ Benedi^l, and MarittMs Priefls .uid Leo^ and P-tfcai, and

John Deacons, to be lawfully condemn d and fcparated from the Churchj and aiuthciua-
tizes thofe who ihoilld ackndWlcdge them as Clergy-^nen^ or ihotfld««ndeanroiir to re-
The ninth excomttjunicates the pcrfons, who had dug up tiie bcxly of Formofm^ and
caft it into the ( '

The tenth, fcr the prevention of thofe Violences, and that fcandal which f^metimes
happcn d in the Election of Fofes. ordains that for the future, none lliould be made, buc
what were elefted by an Aifembly of the Bifhops and Clergy, in porfuance to the Deiires
of the Senate and People, and in the prelence of the Emperor* This Canon likewile for-
bids the exacting of unreafonable Oatlu and Proroifest
The eleventh is levell d againft an abufe very prevalent at that time, of robbing the
Fope after his Deceafe, not. only of his Patriarchal Seat^ but of all others which belong d
to mm in Rvmcy or thereabouts.
The twelfth was againft another abufe which prevail'd at Rome. The fccular Judges
apprehended fuch Women as were fufpc^^cd to be bad Livers, Aud by the leverity vi hicH
thev us d to them, oblig'd their Mailers or their Relations to redeem them at a dear price
and afterwards thofe who had redeem d them, whether Clerks, or Laicks, thought they
might freely enjoy them without the fear of a Reprimand , fmce the publick cenlurewas
pabd upon them f which wa» the caufe of a very great di lord er. Tm
Council to put a
llop tliereto, granted the taking cognifance of and palTing Judgment on thefe oliiBnceSGfr
the Biiho^, with a power of citing the Refractory before the civil Magiftratcs. .

^me after, the Pope being come to the Emperor Lambert at JiavetmM, diqf
dMso conven'd a Couiftil o€ 74 fiiiUops , who c^B&pifd what had been done
D 111

Digitized by Google
1 8 A New Ecclefiajlkal Hiflorj
in theCouncil of Rcmr and approv'd of rhe ten following Indltutions.

Bythehrii it iaordaiad, that the Canons ofchcfHoly Fachers, and what is conuin'd
in die Regifttrs of CAtrkm^m and hk Socceflbrs concerniiis Ttmh Aould be ob>
Afterwards the EmiKror propiot^d Iwo Ardde». By the firft, all perm
jtrefbrbiddai toarreit, or olbr angr iqwy to diofe wbD ifaonld make ifaeir Appeajs txS'
his Imperial Majefty.
Bychefecond, the Emfserer onnfinns die Ancient Piivuedges granted or oonfinu'd bj
his Predcccliors to the Church of Hme,
« The Pope after waiidspropos'd the following Articles.
Firft, Aconfimution ofwlttt wae enaM m the Cooifca of Rime, in hrom
of fieri

Secotidly, The panifhlngof the Outrages committed on the Territories of the Church
of XaiiUy which lud oblig:^d him lo lunr recourfe to theEmperor.
Thirdly. A Renewing of the Tttnty Biide bctwcm the Holy See^ end theEmpeior
6"w», Zrfwm's Father.
Fourthly, That the £diAi whkli weie not conftramUe to the oooditioiie of An Treaty
fhoiild be rtrpt-ird,
'Hut tlic Eftatts granted by the Lctccts Pat tents of diC Prince, to tlic prejudice
of that fame Treaty, Ihould be refrored to the Church.
Sixthly, That the Emperor (hali break off the Leagues which the Smarts, the Lomhrir^
and the Frtncb had made together, contrary to the Intcrcfts of rfie Holy Sec and the
Lallly, That the Emperor fliail prote^ the Church of Rome^ prevent its being di-
fturb'd, and ufe his utmoft care to rcftore to it its ordinary Revenues, which were now
Thefe Articles being approv'd by the Biihops. die Pope recommcQdcd to them the
Appointing a Fail ami fiilemn Ltcaniei npon dieir Return to thor ReliwAive Dio-
LThe four Letta^ of Pope J<Ait DC and his A^ of the two Councils are extant CmcU.

fbelttters VJL? E have three Letters ot jSoA* X. which relate to the Atfairs of France. The two firft
«/Jahn X. are about rhe Affair of Hildmn, whom Charles the SimfU had turn'd out of the Bi-
fhoprick Lt'^c. This Hiiduin being fupported hy Gifeliert, who held part of irrra,'/: a-
^auiil CiMruj the Simple, and by Henrj the Fowler^ Kii^ ofGermatij, was ordam u Bifhop
of Tou^w, or £^^,Dy Archbifiiop nfCoAg*^, plac'd into the poflelTion thereof
and riticd the effi^ of it. Charles the Simple nominated RicherMs to this Biflwprick, and
cans*d him to be elected by a party of the Clergy and Laity of Uege^ who were come to
him ro complain of the extravagances of H7i«/«. This Princi thereupon wrote a Letter
_, . to all the Bilhoos of his Kingdom^ wherein he made it appear by the RegiHers and Ca-
nons, that Hiubim wss nutht to he a Bilhop. r 1 .) Becaufe he was a KtbA and Traytor
againft his Prince. (2.) Bccaufc he procur d hinifelf to be oidain'd by Faflion .uid Vio-
th «
t n"',^
aKHt iHal (sO Becaufe he riHcd the Ti cafures of the Church of Liege^ to bellow on thofc
were the Inftrumems of his Ordination. (^) Becaufe he had pretended that the
King had confc. "d on him tlie BiflKipncfv of ZiV^f. (5.) Becaufc being cited thrice by

Herman, to make his appearance before tl;c Synod, he had not complied therewith. M'
lor tliis remonitrance^ Charles exhorts liie Bilhops of his Kingdom to joyu with hifD» in
turning this Ufurpcr out of the Biniopi ick of Ltege.
Tis very probable tlut lie wrote h u-vvifc to Pope Joim X. upon tiiis very fubie^, and
that this ^ve occafion to that Pope to write to Herman, cittng him, and Hildnin, and
/?/r/,'fr«j" to come to Rente, that he might decide this difference; of which he infrrm d

Ccdrlcs the Simple in another Letter. The two Competitors obcy'd, and came both to
Rome, wliere the Caufe was decided in favour of Richerm, who was ordaiu'd Bilhop of
Lie^e by the Pope, and Hildjtin was excommunicated. Tbisconteft bcigaaio the year
920 and ended in the year 922.

1 lie third Letter of Pope /o/jw X. is directed to the Bifhops of the upper Narboanois.
The Cluirch of Ndrkamn which was the MttrofoUt of that Country, being vacant, Agi$ts
had been dbded into it aocordii^ fo die Canon ; but a powerful roan named Gerard, pof-
fcfi'd liimftlfof that Archbifiioprick, having counterfeited Letters from the Pope, fohft
X. dilowns them in this Letter, and declares that he would not give liim a grant thereof
when he came to Rme, tho he was ignorant of his Treachery and l6iaverv : but that
being fince fully inform d of the matter, he orders them not to acknowledge him any
hft^ Sx fiiihop, ^e
he had beca neither elected by the Clergy and Laity of chat Town,

Digitized by Googl
o/ the Tenth Century of ChriJlianUy. i j>

tior ocdain'd by the fiifliops of the Province. I^y the Cxme Letter he fends the FftU to
jA^iv. CThefc three'Lettcrsof 3'ofo» X. art ^cptUntCoticiL Tarn. XX.l1.574O

. Leo VII.

WE have likewlfe three Letcc s remaining of VIT.

The Firrt is direacd to Htt^b, Duke of France^ and Abbot of S. Ai^trtiH of Tomtx, Joe Letini
He thcreui enjoyns him,/ under the pdun oforcomnranteacion, nottolbflvrany Womento •fUiVB*
ftjiy, orfo much as enter wit!i!n the inclofurcof tliAt Mon.iltery.
. The Second is diredcd to Gerard, Archbilhop of Lorch in Germany. He grants him the

Pall, and permits him to make ufeof it, not only on the days of confecrating the Holy
Chrifm, and of the Refurreftion of our Lord, but alfo on the Fcftivals of Chrifimafs of
thcBlelTt'd Virgin, of the ApnfHcs, of Sr. 7f>'->» the B.iptifl, o^^t. L.irvreKce, of Sr. StefhtH^
and of dU thofc S.»ints whcie Bodies l.iy intar'd in his Church, and on the Day of his own
Confccration, .mi of the DLtlicuioii of the Church; during the confecration ,of Bifliops
and Priefts, and the Sermons to the nc v Converts. He OTiorrs him to behave himfuf
fix, as that thcSanftitf of his Moi a i; ui.iy be fuir ibic to the Dignity of liittOlril|iaiaBt, arid

|rfctT\ Is makei a very edifying Moral difcourfe upon that lubjcft.-

This Gerard came afterwards to Kome, and conlulted with the Pope about feveral
Quedions, to which he gave an anfwcr dirededio the Klhops of France and GerwMi^
Tiic iirll of thefc Qiieftions is concerning Necromancers, Magicians, and Wizards, whether
they c uglic CO be admitted to Penitence The Pope reply d, that the Bifliops ought to

bring t!:cm over torepear.incc by rhcir exhortations, that (o tnev might live like Pcnitenta
rather ttun dye like Crmunais; He adds, that if tliqr lligjuedthe cenfurei of the Biihops,

they ought to be pnnifh'd accoiding to the Rigor of the civil Laws. The fecond Queftion
is, whether the Bifhops crught tohy P»j v J V.' .-r, ox Domir.-is f ohlfcim the Pope reply'd, :

that they ought to ae^ confurrrrabiy to the cullom of the Church of /towr, wherein FdX
fWt was laid on Simia)s, the princi^jal FeiHvais, -and on the Feftivals cf the &tints, ori
Whicli ays they likewile faid Gloria in excetjis \ and that Domniis vobifcMm w^i m'A in

the time of Lent, tiic Ember-Weeks, the Vigjl of Saints, and on Fall-days. The third
Qjieftion ii, to know whether the Lords Prayer ought to be faid at the benedif^ion of tlie
Table : The Pope replyJ, N'o, hcc.iufc tlic Apoftles recited it at the confecration of the Ek)-
dy and Blood of JESV
S-CHR 1ST. The fourth is, whether 1 man might marry \yith
his God-mother, or God-dai^hter The Pope reply'd, that fuch Muriagcs were forbid-

d-t!. Trie rifrh hasi cfpe:! rj tl^1^-* Pr'cib '.vh m.\rry p jl^!: kly •)
The rope orders, that :

th y iluU i:e depriv d of tlicir Digiiiry, but that their Children ihoukl not be endamaged
thereby. Thefixthis, whether SutlVagan Bifliops can cOnfecrate.Churches, ordain Priefts,
or Confirm 1 he Pope prohibits it, according to the tenth Canon of the Council of An-
tioch. The feventh is, concerning thofc who marry their Relations without knowing it,
and who afterwards upon the knowledge theraif, confcfs it to the Pridft : the Pope or-
ders, tlut they tfluU be parted and enjoyn'd Pennancc. The lall is, concemine thofc who
rob Churches: the Pope declares, that the Biihops out^littojiroceed againft tnem with all
the Authority God has put into rhcir hands.

At the cud of rhi'^ Letter he adds, that hfr

conllitutcd C#r4r<i his Yicar in OVrw.i/y ; and exhorts t!ic Bilhops to wyn with him in
reforming thofe abufes, whfch th^Iilcorfions'of the Pagans, and the pMnetltfon rais d by

'falfc ChrilVians had introduced.

^hefe Letters of Z^o are written inapretty good Stile, and full of good Maxims, and
confirm the Judgment whidi PkAmi \m'paSmVBiod Inm^ vtaSiliiWas a great Sirvm tf
OmL CHiiLetters tire extant CSMinA2Mr.]X^p, 594.3 .

• •• .

Agapccus IL

h, concerninje Agipem 1

_ „ .
^rch, whole H.
8ee wsis the moft 'ancient MnrtfoUtan^ together with a Jurifdiftion over the Saftent
Pattnoma, and over the Countiy of Avarots, of the Moravians and Sc/avoniam, and
by wanting to the Archbifhop of SaUf/nrgh, whofe See was rais'd to an Archbifliopritk
by J>o ni. the Right over the JVefterr. PannoMia.
There is another Letter of this Pope, which is a Priviledgi ia fiivoitf of thft ilbby of

.XUtnj. LBoth thefe tetters are est4ntC«w»7.7b«r. IX. p. 1.8.3. ^- ' "

' - • • '
• •
I t"
• •. •
. . . . : ; • . :

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10 . A IsleiiP Ecclefiaittcal Hijlorj

John XIL
ni'Im^wXTTE have two Letters of Jab» Xll. One, by which he grants the Pall to D/tnffan
tf Jolin Vt ArcMnlhop of Cdnterbury and the other, whereby : he excommunicates Iffuitri anif
his Adherents, who had feizd upon the Lands and Eftatcs belonging to the Abbey of &
SimihorUn in. ^rovence. [Thefe Letters are extant ConciL Tom.l£ p* 641 .]

n^- Liners 'TTHcre are four Letters of Johu XIIL The firft is direfted to tlw Bilhops of 5m<£«r.
V^I^oiii he exhorts to acknowledge the Archlnfliop of Twrx for their Afttnfoh'tM. The
XiiL feconid IS directed to Ed^ar King off/gAwi, wherein he promifes him to turn out of the

Cliurch of WtnclxjieTj fuch Prdoendaries as lead a fcandalous Life, and to piit fume Monks
into iheir places. The third and fourth are two priviledges which he grai;ts, one to die
Monaftery built by Berenger Bifhop of Vcriun , the otlier to the Moiuftety of & Rtmj of
Meim. LThcC; four Letters are extant Co»ci/. Tom. IJi. p 663.3

iU Later pOpe Benedict VIL by his Letter to the Biihops ot France and German)^ confirms the
aflknedift Arbitration made in favour of thcCMurch of Lorch by his Predecelfor j^Afetus, andfendt
Yil. fhe Pail to I'ilgrin, was Archbifliop cf the place- [This Li tre: ib extant Tew,
IX. p. 7 1 8. It was tixli publiih'd by Lambeck, Com. Lib. a. C. 8. p. 645. who likewi/e gives
us a DiflojM tIPlitdt BtMtt^ eoneerning the priviledges of Ac
MonsOary ofGmUOtrt, an-
no 0001.983; wliicb ts lo be lilKC widi in lJmiteii% Book p. ^diQ

Jfc Letters THey ^vc the Title of the Letters of John XV. to a Treaty of Peace between PJhe^ei
9/ John
King of the Tr/? Saxons , and R:'h.:rJ Duke uf Norrr:^f!^y ro a Monitory which

XV, this Pope fent to Jb-mld and Baidwin^ Counts oi i-Undcrs. admonilhiug them to make
Reftitucion of the Revenu^ belonging to the Abbey of S. JUfK&vr $ and to anuther fuch
I ke Monirory fent to the Biihops of Pirttrdy^ exhorting them to procure the Cud RelUtU'
tion tu be made. ^T^efe three Letters .uc cxcanc ConciUTm. IX. p. 731.2

Gregory V-

The Letters fy'^i'»7 V* reftor'd to John Archbiihop of Ravenm^ the Church of PUcemia, wliichhad
Gregory been rus'd by h« Predeoeffor to an Archbilhoprick, and put diat of A^erratvanto
V, its Jurifdi^tlon Tliis is the fubjccl of the firft Letter of this Pope.

By thefecond he grants the Pall to Gerbert , Arciibifliop of BAvetiM, and conhxms and
griMits feveral privilnlses to that Church.
The third letter (tf'ausFDjMsji^ aPrlvilcdgc which hegranii a>dic Abbey of S. Am^
hrofeoi AHliait.
The fburdi is direfted to Queen Cotifiantia, the Wife of SofertKiag of Fr^wf, whom
he exhorts to punifli thofe who had pillag'd and burnt the Demeans of a Bifiiop ci f ,tnce
called Julian. QThefefour Letters are extant G>»c//. Toot, IX. p. 752. EdlMKiin pubuih d
another Letter of his^ ooncaming the priviledges of the Abbots ot Mom mm/ot.]
1 , This is all wc have remaining of the VVritiogs of thePOpes, which were ia po0edioa of
the Holy See during the Tenth Century.

Rathcrius Bifhop ofVerom,

Rathertus AMong the faiftOus men whoflomifh'd in ItaljdKuln^ this Century) none was of
Bifi$f vf
**• ^eater Repute than JUtherim, Bifhop of Feromt, Hialife has (bmetnins in it cxtnft*-
Vcioai. ^
dinary, upon the account of the many crnfs Accidents which he met with I k was a
Monk in the Abbey of Lo&^s, where he grew into great efteem for his Learning. Happy
had he been, had he ftay'd quietly in that peaoeable Harbour, and noc expos'd
, he did, to the Waves of ttrnpclluous World. But whether he was called to another

^^becaufeofhis Abiiitissj or whether he badfome other motive to incline hun to

Digitized by GoogI
of the Tenth Century vf 'CbriJliantty. t\
it, hcfoUow'dthe fortune of t\ut Hildtilii,. who li.ul ufurp'd the Biflioprick of Liege Ruhctm
and was afcerwaids turn d out of it. Hilimn Yttxi d into Ji*l7t *nd after the Death of Bifhsf »f
I^or^er, Bifhop of Fiertiu, he was put into the.polTeihon of that Biflioprick by King Havk^SWiU.
who promis'd to advance him to a more coiiftderabicSee when occafion fhould offer ,and then
to beftow thatof fifroM on SMherim. A whiir after that Prince having detcrmin d to
trandate Hildm'n to MlUn, fent RAtheriw to Romc^ to procure Pope John XI. to approve
of this TranlUtion. VVhilil itiCfiwriW w«b uDoachjs Nqracucioaac iiMiv, King hfugbil-
tei^d Mt mind juid dcfignd to beAow the AxmMkapntk m MSimwpaafomt other p^on.
Howeverj/f^tfemVw brought 3 Letter fromifoj«v,whereby the Pope appiov d ot the Inftalment
ofH/A^Wiff, in the Archbimoprick of MUm
and granted him the Pail, and another Lecter,
whereby he requtr'd in his own Name, and in the name oif the Church of Amv, thacJC«-
theriiu fliould be made Bifhop of Verona. This difpleas'd King Hugh, who had orhur
defigns in his head however, he could not tell how to deny the Requeib of the holy See,

and of the Lords that were about him. He was the more inchad to grant it, becauiei?«-
thertHs beinj^ thenfick, he bclicv 'd he would quickly march off to the other world. But he
recover d ot his diftemper, and wasord.und Bifhop 111 the year ^xi. Hugh being very
much enrag'd againft him, fwore that he fhould be never the better for his Ordination, and
would oblige him to be contented with only a part of the Revenue of his Church, and to
fwear that he would not reouire any more of it during liis Reign a nd his Son s Reign. Ra-
thertHs was not willing to fubmit to fuch an unreafonablc pro{K)ution, wiiereupon this Prince
caiu'd him to be perlecuied, and Couahc for pretences of turning him out. Tne War of Ar-.
iu^hm fiirniflt'd nim with a favourule opportunity of doing it ; for ArmUfhus becoming
mailer of fVro/?rf, /f4r/?m/*j was accoi'drfbcing one of his parry ; and yN\\cn Hugh had re- .

taken the ^wn, he ft:nc him Prif^ner to Pavia, where he was under confin^ent two yean
and an hatt. Being releas'd thence, he was oblig'd to go into exile, where he fpent five
years , after which he returns into Italj^ in hopes of beini; rertord to his Bilhcprick. In
his return he fell into the hands of Berenger^ who kept him in prifon tiiree months and an
half by the Advice of Matiafes: afterwarcb he was brouf^t to f<roM, and reoeivd by
A^i/OJ Count of that City. He llay'd there two ytars, under the Government of that
Count, who would not allow him any liberty. In the mean time A/AHajjeSj Archbifliop
of j4rks, being tranflated to Milan, bethought himfclfof ordaining a perfon for the Church
of Verona, and fome time after A'.zf/;<rr//« rcceiv'd an Order from the Emperor Lothariits
to wichdra-w. He did very w ilhndy. he fays, in obedience t^^thut Order, that which he
would havcdoneof himfel^, if hehadnotbeen forbidden by. the Gofpel to relinquifh his
Flock. He takes no notice whither )ie retir'd at thi; ciaie, but the Abijot FnictttH tells
us, that he ftay'd fome time at Frmienct with a Nobleduns Son call d Rtejteing^ that af-
terwards hcrcturn'd w
Loi>bes, where jic very kindly rec^iv'd by iZ/^M/rr whq was
ftill living, and that at iail he was fent ifor by the Emperor Otko. who plac'd him near the
peribn of h» Brother Bnm, This Ar«M9 havii^ been made Axdibiihop of CologMt^ in die
year 953. bclK w'd on iv4/^fr/*/ the Bilhoprick of ZiV^r, vacant by the death of ivrr<»i^frr,
who had fucceeded Hugh, the Succeifor ot Jiiqmer. But bad Fortune always attended
1dm, for he was oppos d by a prevaiUng party, who turn'd him out two yettrt after, and
Kit up in his place one Sojidrej, a pcrfon of Quality in that Country. Spite of thefe aof-
ix , he had a mind to be re-enttated in his Biilioprickof /irro/(4, and attempted it whca.
<Mhr came into /m/; a fee and tim:. At firft he met with fome difficulty, becaufe the
place was rilled by y^//os Grandfon, whofc ordin-ition had been ratified by the Holy See.
However, he malted upon it, wrote very powerfully to Pope John Xll. and to the Bilhops.
of France and Germany^ cited them toaCoiincU, and prevaded fo far as to be le-eltablidid
in a Syncd held .\t Paiia. Rut he was no foontr re-enftated in his See, but he had new
controvcrfies between hiuifelf and his Clergy, (b that he look up a Rcfolution to retire.
About the year 966. he came into France where he purchas d Lands, and bought the
Abbeys of S. jimdiid of Jmhm, and of in the kll of which be dy a in the
jcar972. -

This I'/iHiop has comprs"d fcvcral Treatifefc A great part whereof bath been rcoofoed
andjpubliih'd by father DacherjAn the fecond Tome of his Spicelegium.
' The fifft has a very fantallical Title : Tis eniituTd, J Treat ife of the PerfenJSadmrt of Ra-
thL-riub. j^/yZcf M'trcna, or the Vijlon of a Thief,'l among feveral others.
It isdcdica-
ed to JHuicrf iiiihi^p oiPdrma, and he thetjin lepiehends that (light which the Clergv
put upon the Canons. The Work isdi^ed into two parts. |n the firli he complains, that
he had formerly been turn'd ottby ihc Clergy of his own Church, who could not endure

that he fliould concern liimfelf with the dUlribution of the Ecdenailical Revenues of his
own Diocefs, tho it was part of the Pallors Duty i and who were not willing he (hould
cxercife himlelf in any otlicr Function, than of confccratiiig the Chrifm, and of con-
firniatjon. Being harafs d by their continual KcLdlion, he undercook in tins Writing to
Ihcw that their Attempt was a manifeft Owitenipt of tlie Canons and for the proof there-

of, he began by collefting thofe Canons which related to the Authority of ^ifhop^and .

which gtanted to them ms AddiiiUftratiou o^ the Goods belongii^ to their own ChureMb

Digitized by Google
21 // Ncu> ILcdcliajiicjl Hiflcrj
Madicrius Atterwards he made it appear by an Aii;iimejuation, that Bifiiops not being only oblig'i
^^fiap «f to feed their Flocks fpirjtu.iii>, Inir ilio corporally, they had aright to take cognizance
VeroM. of the iLitc aivJ diftribution t r thi: Church KeVunucs, fo .is to div ide them among the
Clerg.y .iccordjtig to jufticc and equity, ilcflicwsrhjc this equuy had been perverted in
the dillribution which was nude in tlie Church of lh ())i4 ; becaufe die mdl powetful ran
away wirh &.t grratcil ihai'e thereof, .uid enrich 'd themfelves at nthcr mem cnJls, and rh,tc
the Prielts and Deacons kept ail to ihanicivcs, without parting with any to the rclt ct the
Clergy. Headiis»tlMC dim ktc^« in whofe bchaL^ he fpoke, dSd not much cuncern them*
fidvcs about it, nvon two accotiffs : Firl^, bccaiife they were very glad they had tliis prc
tenct CO cxcufe themfelves from doing t\\z Ciiuich ahy icrv li;.- ; Secondly, occaulcr they
hop d heicaftcr to have the fimc advantage. Whereas they objeiled, that me cuftom of
the Church of / VroiM was quite concnury, he nuinCAins that they ought not to prefer an
evil cultom to the Intention of die Canons » an<i to the Laws of the Church. It was again
objected to liim, tli;.t ir a rcntction upuii i BiHiop to degrade himielf fo far, as to

<iilb-ibute amongit the Cicrg> , and to appoint cacli their Allowance of Corn^ of Wine, and
of Money. He reply d to tliis, diat it ma
not at all reqnifite that die Bifliop Ihonid do
thia Inmfelf, bui tn.ic he init^licdo it by his Priclb .'.nd Dc ions, if he could find any a-
mong them whom )ie could trud which way was authoris'd by the example of the Ado-

fties , who made afe of Deacons to diftrihite the Alms which werecoUemd by their Or-
der ; and by the practice of S. «yivfw.r, vvhn rnmmitred the <1 iftriburion of the Trcafures of
the-CbuTch to S. Lawrence upon which lie makes ihi^ rt iijar!., that St. Lawe/ice {jpcAkin^

toS.Sixnf, told him, that he had difposd o( his Treafures, calling the Treafiircs of the
Church, the Trt ifu- csof the Bilhops j becauferhc fiifhop is as it were the Hiibband of
the Church. He proves the fame things out of the Civil Laws, which gave the Biihcps a
power of treating about the priviicdges of the Church. He afterwards invicghs againft
that 'general conretnpr, \vli:ch .ill furts of Chriilians, from tlie mcancrt: L.uck to the Pope
himfeif, cait upon the Canuus and Laws of the Church; and he with a great deal of heat
declaims againll the irregular Lives of the Eccldiallicks of his time, who made no fcrufde
of violating the Canons openly in matters of moment , as well as in fmall things. He rc-
piovcsvery fmartlv, and charges them with feveral Diforders, which he dcTcribes in a
plain and naked (\:vU. Utlpcaks a'^a>nft thofe perfons ofQiulity , who were mark'd out
for Church Pnfeimems, and advanc d thereto by all manner of contrivances, how uniic
foevcr they were ftr foch in employ : He calls them Thieves,' faHe'Shepherds, whofe
blcniiig turn'd to acin fci peiP iis exc-mnuinicatL-d hy the Canon^; a thoafaiid times ovc:",

who rentier the Authority of Bifhops contemptible, and were tlie cauic why men let lo
night by their exeommmlicitibns and ibfolucions.
Id the Second p.ircnfhis Treitife, R.uher'yj more particularly fills upon thelmmodeily
of the Ckvgy, whicli was at iuclia heiglah in his time, that one could fcarcc ( fays hcj find a
man fit to be ordained a Bifliop, or any Bifliop-fit taordain others. He takes notice that
of all the Nations in Cliritlendom, the were the perfons who had the icaft regard
f'^ Tbk it for the Canons,
and the leaft eftetra for the Clergy : * The reafon he gives for it is that the
ttkp^f EccleJiAjiick/ oi t\\<:irOoianiry wcrcthemoftirregular in t!>C!r Conduct, rhemoll Imniodelfc
9nfgTcat in their outward behaviour, and tlic mort: remifs in r!\e d::.l:argeof their Duty. Hereckonf
rfafontf up feveral hortjble Stories, ar.d chj.rgesthem{.hieriy v.uli an lufainous Coiiverfe with Wo- ^,ni'-
rtien. In thecentlufion lie gives them to underlland that they had Itill place left for Rcoen-
tance, nnd curncftly exhorts them thereto. This Work was COmpos'd by JUtherifu lomc
rat Uit'

'"H^'i. time after he was laftre-crtablifhed in his Biflioprick of r#ro»* by the Emperor Oiho aboi>c
the year 962.
a"" la '
The Second Treatife is intituled ; A
Deliktnuivt DttermiHtultm made at LUge. He there
b"under *'l^«^ ^"^^ reafons, why he thought himfelf obliged neidier fivmally nor tacitly to re-
and tt,/,;i4 iiounce the Government cfh;-?
Fleck, nor to abandon it to thofe whoh.d uldul him of it-
viHin all Thefc ReoTons ate ibong and fliort, and are of the Natureof jhhm/ms : In the condufiori
f-(ccttJir.g hefeysdiathefbrmerlymadeufcofthemfbrthcBiflioprickofZiSp^fi but that the Sivteeti

Aii'^scafl a frrft w ere likcwile applicable to that

o£Ferena. Me ends with an Imprecaticii a^ainll tlmfe
Jctra modi whoperliit to.liarafsand difturbhira. This Work was written at r!iat time when he (oihcit-
reproaeb m edtihs re-eftftWiflimcnt in the BHhoprick of ffrom.
sit fitch ir- The third Treatife is intituled: ^i.tlh.nUconjelhirA cmjufdam. He Lhcnin evptifei under
regular ajVunknown Name, all that iiis linemies laid to his charge, and how tliey conttrucd all his
c/fr(;i of a contmu'd piece ofKallery on thcii^pite and Malice; and wi-ore
anions in a wrongKnfe-"] i''

"S**' a'bnUtthcendxjf hi. Life, v. henhehad taken up his refolution to retin- for he therein
-p'r f ol^fct vcs that it was forty years ago hnce he oegan to afpirc to Greatneis and Authority,

vnoic ^'^^ ableio attaihit LalUr, ^

oomplauisthBt theEmpetor himfelfhad ftr>
1^-1 '^/akenhim.
The following Treatife iscompos d upon the variance which hapn'd between hmi and the
Cfcrgyof afh.rhisre-dii»Wilh He fays that it was no new thing, and that it
beg:bi at the rime of his Ordination That it proceeded, (i.) becaufe his morals and thcle of

four Clerks were a coacradttkiou to each other, (i.) Becaufe he prefcrr d the oblcivanon of

Digitized by Google
of Ibe Tenth Century of Chrifiianity. i|
the Canons to thofe Cudonls which were iutroduc'd by tlie l3evii. (j.) Becaufe he had Ratherfit*
reftraia'd them from keeping company with \Vomen, according to the Iujim£tion.ofche Bi/iop /
tkrancil ot IRcf. (4.) Becauie he ^ould not permit the unequal dtftribution of the Church VcTooa.
Goods among the Ciergy. Tfi.u v.i upon tliU Lift account the gu.irrel between liim and them
isfbundedi^ as he had already demunlbarcd in a Letter written Co Hdfrt, Iwhich is his
firft Treatife. He declaims very ftrongly agaihftdie general firregulwity or sdl the Clergy^
which he dcfa-ibcs with very litcic Caution. Ik- tcllsusthe reafon why he undertook to
difcourfeof the dilbtbution of the Goods of his Churchy was, becaufe the Clerks, who had
recitivedan order from the Emperor to leave off dutnuniKarity which tfaey held with woi*
m-'n, excufed themfclves from fo doing under a pretence of their Poverty. That it was
upon this account he cntred U[xjn this particular, that they might all liave wherewithal to
The ylpologetkkTreatife of JR.nbcrin*,not an Apology of his whole Life, but he therein
is '

only gives an account how he had employed a fujuiu of moncy^ which the EnijDeror put
into his hands for the re-buildine the Church of S. Zeno. One of his Enemies, nam'd Aikr-
ctM, found fault with what he did, and would have had him diftributed it amongil the
Poor. Ratheriui mAktsit appear that he ought not to do it. (i.) Becaufe it was dcfigad
for the rebuilding of the Church. (2.) Becaufe there were not very many poor in his Dio-
cefs, and that icveral Derfom contributed tu their fub&ftance • whereas on the contrary,
diae were very many Churches demoliihed, or at leaft very mnch on( of repair, for the
rebuilding ot which nothing was bcftowed ; that thereupon he fuppofed he mignt even era-
ploy a part of that Portion of the Church Goods intended for the Poor on fuch a good
wonc He telts us, that his Antagonid had ventur'd to go to JPmw without bis Licence'
and that he had by Bribes procur d Letters from the Pope, which excommunicated him
and the BUhops hisSuccclfors, in cafe they ftiould concern thenifelves with the diftribution
pf the Cliurch Goods. He fays, that it was impolTible but due this Excommunication
would be the caufe of a great deal of trouble for if he ihould (light the Anathtmi of the

holy See, he O^tmld give a very bad Precedent ; but on the other hand, if he fhould fubmit
toit^ he (lioulil be no longer a Biniop, (Ince hewhois made a Bilhop, at the fmie time is
made an Overseer ^ not only in fpiritual things, but .dfo in the Temporalities of his Church,
as it is ordain d by a vaft number of Canons. ThisTreatife was compos 'd by Ratherius. .

after his laft re-cftabliftimcnt.

The following was wrote much about the (ame timeTis.a difcourfe dircfted to his

Clergy, wherein he upbraids them of their Rebellion. He there tells them that he had
refolv d to excommunicate them, as they had defcrved ; but he had delay'd doing it, ia
hopes they would have reform d of themfelves : That he urryed for a CommilFion from
die Emperor, who ihoiild report to his Imperial Majefty chisllearoiisofbodi fides, upoi^
which the Bmpdcor ihould detename what he pkafid, 9iid he would Qbqr his
This Treitife is followed by a Charter, whereby Ratherim inftitutes feveral Clerks into a
Monaftery, in the place of the Abbot and Monks, whom he was oblig'd to turn our, be-
caufe of their Irregularities. He therein appoints that they iliould hng the Officej and
that every one of them Ihould have his fhare of Com, yfVaie, PuUe andMdnejr, without
dividins^ the Lands and Vineyards.
The following Treatii'e is an Injunftion of Ratherlw againft the Marriage of a Clergy-mans
Sonoff^HMM, which was perfortn'd on z. Sunday in Lent. He declares that it is Irregular,
and that no Marriage ought to be celebrated during i^f, nor on Fall-days, nor onJiw- '

dajSy nor on Holydays ; and orders that all thofe who Ihould commit fuch a fault. Ihould
fall for fortv days ; that is to fay, that when others of the faithful eat at nine of the clock,
they fhoula (bar till noon e re they eat : when others fall till noon, they ihould fall till
^1 three a dodt : and whin others faft till three a clock, they Ihall abftain fi-om eatine till
night. He exhorts them likcwifc to be charitable to the poor during this time. He declares
dut he would undergo vthe lame pennance himfelf for being backward in oppoling fuch an
irregularity. He excommunicates fuch Offenders as woMd not fttbmit to this Pennance,
and declares that God would confign them over to erernal Damnation.
After thisTreatife there are five Letters of his writing.- The firft is direfled to AUrti»
Biihop of Ferr4Br4f wherein he acquaints him that his Clergy laid leveral Crimes to bit
charge, panicularly that of ordaining feveral lafiunsformooey. He exhorts him to rqpentf
and to behave himfelf better for the future.
The lecond Letter is writ in the name of all the Clergy of ^ro«4, and direcl.-d to him,
who was then in the Holy See, to the Senate, and to all the faitiiful of the
Church of Rome- It was compos d by RAtherins fom_^ time after his Re-e(Ubliihment^thic

J«f rj?, A^o^jiico. In this L.tter he defires to know what he ouglit to do with thpf«
rgyiaen mFirmi, who eater 'd into Orders wliiUl chat Church was governd by Intru-


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2^ A Nei^ Eccle/iallical Hi/lory
'^4theTw$ dcrs. He drew up a colleclion of thofe Canons, ^hicli declare fuch Ordinations to be inva-
of lid : however, he declares in the name of his Clergy, that their Bifliop having re&rr'd the
cfoiM. decifion of rlie c.ifc wholly to tiie judgment of rhc hcly Su-, they eatncftly enctcaced thac
See to artilt them, and deal favourably with them in that pai ticiihi .

Th6 Letter which follows precedes in date that whidl we have been juft mw
B-tthcrim wrote ir ro Pope John XII, in his own name, to dcllre his re-tfhibiiflimciit. He

he ought to be Bifliop of f'<ro».i, or no.

THcibui ch Letter is writ upon the Cime fubjcft, and diicc^eJ to the Bifliops of Iialj,
Trance^ and Gernumy\ he therein implores chdr AiTtllaacc, aiid cites his Advcilary to a
Ccuiicil, that his Caufc mirfit be dettsriniii'd there.
Tlichftli Letter is impcrTe^ ; 'tis a dedicatory Epiftle of lome Work, dticcled to aKiniop.
Thefe particular Letters are follow d by a Synodical Letter* which Jl^^Urmj pubiiih d m
a^ynod which beheld aflec his kft re- eitablilhmenr, in order to inibuA his Clergy, who
%vcic very ignorant. He recommends to them at tirft the getting by heart the Ap<.JHe"s
Creed, that whit h was fungat Mais, and the Creed of b.AbaMfinj. He explains to rhcm
the myftcries of the principal Peftivals of the year, exhorts them to fay Niafs, and tu ixm
mimicatc on the I'eltival'; ami Smi.tjs and advertizes tlioie who would enttr into Pndts

Orders of what they oujjht to know and practice, inordu io thcu Oidiiiation i vvluch he
reduces rc thefe heads Thtj- nuill bring Certihcates out of the Church Rcgiltcrs, whe-.

thcr they be free-horn, and of the fame Dioccfi. If they are Iwrn Skvcs, thcy uuitl prpifuL\r
thcir Letter rfl'r edoni
I- and if thcy be of another Dioccfs, Letters uf rccomiucnJuuoa

from their BiHu p, c.xW A mv^ Letters Demifforj. They nnilHcarn by heart, and be able
to explain the Creed, the Lord's Prayer, and to read diilindljr, and to explain tlie K-
piftle and Golpcl. They mull know how to adminfter' die Sacraments of Baptjfoi, of
Pcnnaixer, ana of Extream Un^lion, and how to perform the CcreuK>aics for the Burial
of the Dead, and for the Blelfmg of Holy Water, i hay muit be weU.vetid in Siu^iig,
smd in the Calender, and they mttft have a Martyology and a Ptmtetmat, He adds, thac
he would not admit any intoPriells Order-?, inikfj they h.ul Ipcnt lome time in his Ci-
ty, cither in a Mooaftery, or under the Di ft jplme of fome Learned Man^ and were uieii
of[ fome Learning themtelves. He informs nis Clergy ilut the Kiddicdlical Revenues
being divided into four parts, uhere<jf only one bcloii^d to tliem, they ought not to en-
croach on thofe which belong d to the Biihop, to the l our, and to Building. He orders
that a Regular obfervation fhould be made of Lent every day alike, except Su»iajs\ that
during Advent they iTiouId abftain frciTi c tring of Flc/h, and from the cclebr.iii ri uf Mar-
ri.igc. He requires that ablhnence m tne i^ll cule lliouid hkcwile btcbferv d iii the Olljvts
^'^ i^'*#«'and }fi}iifo>!tide, in the time of publick Prayers, in the \ igilsof all (heFcllivals,
foptfh Ca-
'^'^ FriiA)i cind SKndA)^ •, AW
tliat they ihould fUl till f all the PaHion-VVeeIc ; (liar on
Eafier Eve no Prieil (hould L\ Mais before ten a clock, lior Cblemhly ChrilUa any before
Impj^ that hour. He declares that the Priefls can enjoyn Pennance, and give Abfolution for
fecretSins, bat for tniblick OlTences they ought to apply theufelves to the Bifhop. Lall-
ly, he would have them omit the Fcftivals, which fell out in Z«tf , except thole of the
V'irgin A-Iary^ the Apoflles, and the Saints, whofe tedits lay interr d mtheir Church.
There is inferred io this Synoidicai Letter, a difcourfe cuntaiiiing; likewife fcveral Advice*
atid falfaniftionsfbr £cclefiaftick^ die which is attributed to rope Lt9 IV. sod & Vkic,
Tis very plain, diat 'tis ibre^ to this fubjeA^ but 'tis diflici^t to dstemint whofe piece
his. .

TheTreatife of Ri^heriiif, entituled a Journal of his Travel io kome^ is'a piece whereitt
he threatens his Clergy to go to Afo/wr, and impeach them there, that fo he might reduce'
them totheu-Duty. He tells them, that tho they uiiglic be very fenfible that he de-
it^'d to go toRomt, yet they were ignorant ofhisdehgn ingoing: Tluthedid notga
thither tn pur up his Prayers there; having read in the Golpel that the time is conic„
wlien Men jhall no longer fVorfhtp God on this A foMnfain, nor yet at Jerulaleni, and that Uod
tttMgs'Sfirit^ bt OH'ht to hevorfhifped inSfirit and in Tr nth, which every one might do aC
home in nil own Clofet. That he did not go thither by the Emperor s Order, having re-
cciv d no fuch orders from him^ but only to fend his Stddiers thither ; That he did not
go thither to learn any thing, hnce die Scripture gave him fufhcicnt inftruftions what ta
oo : but that he went thither no the Synod otfiifliops which were to meet at Romehy the
Emperor s Ordel-, to know oF'them how he ihould behave himfelfiu the Difcipline of his

Church, and particularly whether he mi^ht tolerate his Clergy's having Women amonglt
thera. fie oblcrves that he could ap^
himielf to no place fo properly as to Romt, t<x
inftruaionhowheoughtto demean himfclfindiat cafe "For, flays where can one"
* be better inform'd of the difcipline of the Church than n Rome ? Thcic aic the moit
eminent Doctors in the World : Tis there the Heads ot the Univerlal Chutdi do llpu-
?f|j(fa : Tis diercdicy cntnioe the conftitutiow ofEpiTcopacy, and i£c inHttotiQiis
' . ffodwr

Digilized by Goo^
of the Tenth Century of ChriJlUnitji. 25
* bther Ecdefiiflicks There tbey approve of thofc that ought to bcrecciVed, and rejwfbtbofc that Rathfriu^

* ought to be rejected. Nochii^ that ts diTinnull d there, can be of force elfe where ; and nothing B//3bo^ of
* which ii mimd dtatt eul bcabolilbM. Whither then can I better apply my (elf for the Cure of Verona.
* my Ignorance, than to tbefoorce and fountain-head of all Wifdotn? To ihis Gonflderation be v-'V^^
ad(b the Eqotty and Juitice of the Emperour, arid the perfoaal Deferts of Pope ^ein fvi^. the
TlNffih of that Name, who icarce deferred fuch an Encomram) and the hofei tfeM dry would
caD A general Cooodl, which be wiflies might prove beneficial to the Cba^b.
Heoi>laim tbe qoeftion be wonid propole to them ; namely, wbetber iboie who infring'd and
openly oomemn'd the Canons, ought lobe endur'd in the Church : He adds, that he would not fo'
tnA as nKmioa the Injuries be bid formerly fbtfer d from ibem, nor ibofe which ibqr fttU oooti-'
Biwd tt»beipiipoa bhn; but tb«i be knew not bow to rtfi'iib liking of dnt wbich paffect in thi
laft Synod which be held, wherein he had not the Liberty of Refurmln^ his Qergy, and in which

tberc wuoot ibe kaft notice uken of bis Sjmodiul Ltttmr,^ He enlarges bim(elf very mocb on tin
neeelBty tbert was of obfervipg tbe CmoBi ; and einemely conoera'tt, upon tbe accoant that
lbe(e Canons prohibited ibe Clergy, wbohad been foUty of fucb Crimes, Uom Cclchratine or dif-
cbargiog their Mioificrial Fuodkms. For (fays bej if tbtf do utf emififft their FduJti, tOy are
tUii^er ^btimg Dmifdi mitf tlnj d» eemfift tbnu, $befi CammtfrMh^bm firm difeharginx tbrii.
tuKBions. Since lit Cafe ftands thut, the Church would he unprovided of Minijiirt, Jtnet tbe Numl-jr
tie Wickgdmrn fogreM. He exhorts them to Repentance, and to recite a Prayer, which, be
fiyHr benet witbinibeMiheHet, wbereinGodiltobeimptofed fbrifaeir Sahraiibki and Confer-

fioa* throagh the IntercefTion of the Virgin, and all the Saints. However, fatafiMCb at the Oiflfi-
cnlty ftill rematn'd t becondodes, that he goes to J^one for the removal of ir.
To ihofe Treatiftt of l^dubertm are annez'd feverai Sentmns. Tbe firft and nioft ccmfiderable is
a large Inflrudlion apoo Lent. He therein blames thofc who did not obferve it accol-ding to the
Canon, either fafting only one pan of that Holy time,, or elle breaking out into Excclj ; or laftly,
bfeaktiig the Paft on Holy Tbarfday and Stttird^. Hcf takes notice, that in bis time the^ fafted iq
Lent only till Noon : That on Holy Saturday Mafs was not Cclcbrartd among the Latins till about
Miehr, and that they faded that day till Mafs was over: But that in tbe Creek Churdi tbcy began
im$6tmouj tf at Nine of tbe Clock in the MM^S ; that their Lent was longer. After
<!>|yyiBBi300Mtiendf Prayer, ATm^ {^'ving. and Repennmolk'; and (hews with what mind, and after!
wbat manner they ought to put ihelc into Pradicc. Laftly, totbrt'e InltruAionshe adt!« a Dilferta-
rioo againft the Errtt of the Jlnthrepomorpbttts, into which he percciv'd Tcvcral of bis Pricfts were
fUleo oat of <kn6i^lice, not being rapahic of imagining a God nqleii be b|d a Bod^. By feveral
'Afgumentslie IMf^filtrates that God u a pureSairir. HelikrAriiei^AKI a Ibolidi and (uperfttU'

oQs Opinion, that St. Miebaei Sang Mtft IB Hem cftty JliM^. ''He concKidel ^kvh ta^nltmk'

IVIMbni. wboS^JhortlieftilddRlnMagtfaftifibirSm^ teenAflUn fcftkreiitorMaii'

lice or Tgnonncej of having deny'd that "JESVS CHF^IST bad a Body, aild of biving om-
d{39p'd libe Derotioo of thofe wbo went every Mmd^ to bear Mais in ibc Ctardi of Sc. htieUelf
lb dm be was obltg'd to explain bbnlelf, by dcclirbig ibat fceoerfr faid ibic fBSVSCHU^IST,
that is, the incarnate Wifdom, bad not Eyes, Hands, or a Body; but only that the Divine SabitanCO
bad none ; and that be never (aid| that it was iU done to going to tbe Church of St. Micbsei to bear
Mali ; bn tbac be bad* faid, and wnid nafanin, tbat it was a grear piece of Folly to aflin* tfau
Sc. Mcbael Sing Mafs, and Saperdition ro believe, tbac it was better to gn to Sl Jti^i^iMirt Cbgldl
00 "Mmdajs, and Pray to him on tbat Day, than on any other day of the Week. >

The Second Difcourfe apoo Lear, ii a Mora! Exhortaiioo to refrain from Vice.
Tberc are bcfidesfour Sermons on E^Rer-day, and three on the /Ifcenfitn, which likcwifc contafn
very ufefot Inftrudions of Morality, taken for the moft part out of the Holy Scriptara and tbe Fa-
Thcfe are all the Works of I{etberius, uhich are exubt in the Second Tome of tbe Sfieilegiyml
There is fiill in the Tivclftb Tome, a Letter of tbe laitie Author upon the Eucharitt: He wrote
k (O a BiOiop, who having met him in a Convocation of Bilhops bdd by Ceierad, ttd ask'd him,
«rbetber be bad Sung Mafs that Week or no ? He complains, tbat this Qgeibon wu propos'd to
bim, rather to try him, than out of Charity ; and anfwers biii), tbat perhaps it were to be'wifli'd,
tbat neither of them had Cddmtcd it on Cbrijlmaj-d^ i deciariog witbal, tbat he had no good
Opinion of bim. He leaves tbe World to judge, wbicb of tbe two who recciv'd tbe Encbarift
unworthily, ismoft in dangerofbtsSalvarion; whether be wbo recetT'd it fetdom, or bewbereoeiv'd
It often. He adds, tbat were tbey to read tbe Homilies of Sc. CbryfoRem on tbe Epiftle to tbe Hr-
irewt, perhaps tbe Ottt woold abftaio altogaher from Celebrating, and tbe Utiar finom doiog it
every day. fxtm cbti pohf of Morality Hatberim paflbio aaocber of Doftrioe, and ask's him« to
whom he writ ; wbetber he undcHtands figuratively tbeie words, which are fpoken in giving tbe
Sacrameoti JheBe4frf 3BSVS CHBJST frefirvf tbetteB-Mrl^imLift. Hetells bim, tbac
if bennderftoodtbem in tbatSenfe. be was mierabfyUiKl; and antral Aiois (baf be OBghc tcT
believe, thatas in the Marriage of Cana in Galilee, the Changeof the Water
into Wine was Real, and not Figurative ; lo tbe Wine is by tbe Prieft's BiJUp's ami MIfiaif
BamBOm wade the i«at Blood titfBSVSC H^I'T, mad tbe Bread ^
iff* > thkjaraUel mtl
^Mptd^ muit
the^M^ aa4MtcalrinftF%nie:TbitiftbeTaftinltbeCoioar 4 iettnd at^

1 im»

Digitized by Google
26 A liw BccUfiaflical HtJhrJi
Ratherius ftem to laggeft the contrary, yet we ate not to Hick fiew{ and tint utiie"
Bi/hopef P^tiit to MuJ whereof Man was furm'd cbang'd iis Figure, ibo' the Subl'.ancc lUlI
frtme Tronjuh-

Vercwta. Tht h\tll.ic} <f Remained, ib wc ou^gbi to believe, ibai ibo' liie Cok>ur and Xalie of ibe

^^^^Y>0 " "rparnt. F!t the hiud and Wioe remain, ya we teoeive tbeieal Ffelh and the ical Bloed
(,f y eSVS CHB^IST: Thai if one fbould ask, what ii bcccmc of ibe
»t tie Mani.i^e of Cua m OtIUee,
^ahUtoa of the firead awl Wine ? itmigbc beanfwercd. That the Bread

ff Bread and w
into the tcmI Body
^^'^ ^ofpel teaches us , that this Flcflj and this Blood , arc the
Fl« <li a«i «he Blood ol ibe Body of JESVS
C HH^i T : That wc ougbt
MdBlMd ojf CbriA, w§rdt ^ak:
ingtftbe Priefl k mtreMractfm, nur lo be over-inqiiifitife about the leii, linoe 'tis a My&er)' of oar FaMi
mdpKTu s th-'PnejUobecm^ ttrcJ w'ab becaufe being a Myltcry it cannot be comprrbended ; and being a Mfftoj
Mgrratci finer f^jn^i^i V.n; Inn- of Faiib, wc IhouJd believe it, without going about to explain it. . ;'

jtlfbiid, wl}!ik Jp)efuTne ni Rwuvij}^

^ be be hu SenfUf will be fo bold m /» blajpbeimut as t» affert. And ds far. hit ether ArsanetU to etude the Em-
Alice if wrSti^y *tis dttptberts vmn ; mtlefs it etm hefmmty thtfwtn^t tt 0Hewtmiigx which cnntradUIoiir
Stvfe ard RejfoH, as vtU m tfnfe vhtch art- abne thfm. The One we ff0^^tke OA\er rrfdcrj. The My} .'n rf the
Incunation, of the ^kffed Trinity in Unity, and the hl^e, are above mrStnjeMd Reaf n, but nntrad !} r.rtler. Bw
the Myjkry j ;/ TrJUlubliaBtiation, m nor only above^ but antr.idiHs the yynt Tejlimiry of our Sei^fet .via Xs/.fm at
otit e. So that I leave the IVold to judge nbichof the two Ofimons is mt^\ Ortbodtx ; whether Out* wbkb laysy thtt
Chriihjrs do if Faith receive verj clinjlf in the receiving the Elements oj Brejd and Whe^ mhicb remMt.JkB the fme\
or tlicirs, which fajs^ that fbe Bread MiWmm eh^d
iaf tberud Bed/ md Bitid 4. Ctaaft, • <'6/M h
Foulcuin Abbot of Lohes, fpeik* of almoft all thefe Works of Jbuberim, wbicb we dill bave,
and likewife nUBca nentioo of (bme oibers which are loft ; vu^ • Treatife Eaiiioled The CmAM,
or tbe Mental Mtditatieiu tf ene Ratberius, Bi/hop of Verona, and Mmk
of Lobes, wbicb be wrh
during his firft Ezil, and addrefs'd to ibe molt Lea tried Prelates of bis Titnc A Treatile £ott- :

tulcd, Ti e Freny becaolc be tfacFein laOti like a Mad-«M« auinft Bsmdy: Sevetal Sermoot foe
Huly iburfday, for tbe Pctft of Feiiwco^^ and for fevcral Mifab of tfee'Blcftd Virgia, and
feveral other pieces. Tbe fame Autbor'addi, that j^jr/rrm in bis Exile at C«in.r, naeeiing wiUi
a Copy of tbe Life of St. Vfatar, cont6teii tbe Solediou ikercof , aod feoc ii 10 Ltlm » and that
afierwardi being in PmMwr, be Compos'd a Tieatife of Gtamaiat; wfaicli lie Dedicated to B^fiitig*9
SbOk nodcr the Title of Sfera-dorfum, or, jt Shelter for the buck/ldi.
Tlie StOeof ^juhtrm a obfcnre and intricate, but pure cnoogb in tbe TeroM : bii Ezpceflloaa
aie Bvelf and fmatc, and UiReaibaiDgi fuft enough. He was wcO acqoabitcd widi tbe Ctaoa^
had thorowly read the Latin Fathen, and very peainentljr made ufc of their Authority and Priu-
ciples. He reprova with Aarpoeli tbe Vices and irr^golariiiei of bis Tioae, without Iparin^ any
Idan, and particularly kvcbagaiaft the ooffiipied Manb
of Eodefiafiidbv wbichkedidaatftick

ATTO VerceiL .

Atio Bi- dk TTO or JJatto Bi(hop of Verceil, fame with the Bifhop of TlafL', of the (ame
foot the
/b^ 4 i\ Name, wbom we mcnttooed in tbe foregoing Century j is more moderate and lets obfcore
Vcfcdb Hftierint. 1^ wat tbe Son of AJJegaire, and prefided over the Cbnrcb of Ver'
^ ceil, from the Year 945. till about tbe Year 9<5o. His Wm
ks were a long time conccaTd
in tbe Vatican Library, and were at laft made publick by Father Dacberj, in the Eighth Tome of
IbS Spcilegiitm.
Tne firft is a Capitulary for the Clergy of his Diocefs, eofluining an Hundred Heads or Articles,
abtraft all extradlcd and copied from tbe Councils of Laodicea, Carthage, Toledo, aoduthcrs* from
dKDecreulsof Popes bocb trne aod falle, and from the Capitulary of Tbeodolpbiu^ only exceptif^
a Vety few, of which perhaps he is the Author. Thefe arc the Fourth, whcrdn heinjoynsbts
MeAs, Deacons, and Sub-deacons, to learn the Catholick Faith ftbat is, tbe Creed uf Athmafita)
by Heart : Tbe Fiftb, wbicb is a general Admonition to tbe EcdeHjiticics, to difcharge tbeir Duty*
aod lead exemplary Lives : TbeTentb, whereby be prdaioi, that when they Cooleccrate tbe Body
o( JBSVS c IIRJST, it Ihould be an intirc Oblation, 1. e. a whole Loaf unbroken ; and that tbe
Pricfts flioold celebrate the Mafs Fading. Tbe eighteenth concerning tbe Inftitution of Catechumens,
the Baptifm of Mutes, and the Obligation of Godfathers, to inflrudl tbofe £br whom they fiand
Sureties. The
Twentieth, whereby 'tis order'd, that in all Churches where Baptifm is /Idmtni*
Itrrd. Deacon with tbe Piieft, and enjoyns Priefts who bave no Deacons, to make
there Ibould be a
fpeedy choke of fome fit Perfon , and get him tO be Qfdam'd Deacon. ,Tbe Twenty nioib
miich enjoyns the Conferences of tbe Prieftst on tbe Tv9l day of tbe Mootb. a CoHoid eRaMtftrd
in tbe Ninth Cenmiy, as appears from tbe Capituiarys of ///nciN^rHf and I^icjtlplm. The Thirty
ouub. which impotts that for tbe fouaie all Bifliops (bcnld be enjo^n'd not to ordain Deacons till ibcy
bad oblig'd tbemlelvei 10 eomiaae la Cdibaqp. Tbt Seftaiy fifth, whereby be impoles a FssanoeoB
iadvwl»bytfaeirll0TCaliaefi1lboiildBekhtfiet-d^ TbeSefcntyteventb.

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of the Tenth Century of Chri/lianity. ij

wbidb tOiponi tint ihoie who OutU be fiiptiz'd or Coofinn'd, Ihall abftaio , during ibe time pre- Atto 8i- ^

ktib'd bf the fitfliop, from eating Meat, and for eight day! from the ale of Marriagic, and diat mP'Op
Qerk flioald be ordain'd till he bad received both thefe Sacraments. And dx Ninetiedif ivfaicb con- ""t^rn i

cem* the Pcnnaiioef which Prieftt oogbc to impale oa Fcddick Offender^ aod afier wlMtmanet cfacf <^VV»
ought 10 prefcat to tbc Bifhop facb Perioos as will act fnbmit co Feoaanoe.
The oezt Treatife is about ibe Perleoatioos and Troubles which the Eccleliifticklft&r'd. It i*
divid«d iuD tluea But*. Jbc iAvtmof die TniafalEt di^ fiiJftr'd ja beiag ccnfiir*d io their
Btribm. TliefMMd, of diofeibeyinet whhiaiheirOirdiniMiit: airf
^rd in their RcTenues. In tbc beginning be takes ootioc that the Church will always have its Pei«
ftcaaon, but that ibey willoerer Mtihe Ma^tay. aad that theCburcb beiiy fiModcdon iIk SoUd
Rock uf the ApoAaHcal Mb,
wfll ahraytflaM bf Faidi. bytbeLoveof 7 BfC;5 CHi{ If T,
by tbe Ulc of Sacraments, and by the Obfervatioo of the Commandments of God. Hippy Houfi I
(lays be) it u mt everthrwn bj Sttrmj, tmjbmmr'd hj Blaodh mr fiMkfm h
f^9di » 4r«ui# miieh

miiyMrfW, nor t» tfen Perfecutions nor to the AttMckf of MtUcious Sfiriti

, , nor to the Corruption of
Wim md bn^ietia. After he had thus expreft faimielf infcneral oaaceroinE the Pafeciiugns of this
Omoi '» bo lays tktt oae of tba tnoft vfini !
bktuM^ Ji Aai tRdbn ite ^^kkod aiv oocraAcd by
who teach themi and openly aflanlt tbem, that by this means
their Soperiottrs, they prrfccntc tho(e
they ouy evade the Inbmitting to £cdefiaftical PiaaflMBms : that to prevent this abnle, it was or*
dain'd io tbe Caooos, that Biihops flwnid not beaccm'd bat by iMiea of nofpooed RcpmatioB, mc
jodg'd by any other fadges than thoie of their own choofing, nor CotKlnnn'd by any other Authori-
ty than that of the Holy See, aldlo* it was allow'd for Metropolitans and fii/hops of tbe Province to
bear and examioe their Oiaies. After having eflablifh'd this Point ul Civil on the falfe Deere-
all of tbe Popes, be (ays that in his time, tbey did not only not obfervc tbcfc Precautions in the Ac-
culation of Bilhops > but that they would not Io much as give them leave to make tlxir own defeooc,
and wodd oblige tbeoaehber to bring their Breiiiren to fwcar that tbey are innocent, ortopnyride
a Champion to fight for them. He (hews tbattbele two Methods of fudf;ing tbe Crime or InnoceiM
of any Man, which were then to ufe, are both of tiiem unjalf and aniawf uJ , efpccially among
cfefiiftkkt. Thefift, bcanfe k iimvm. Mtm
tbat all tbofe who cannot produce Wime& to
IWcarto their lonoceoce, are guilty ; and that it had been always tbe Cufiom of ibe Church to ac-
^oit tbofe who were not convidedof the Ciimei laid to their Cfaarge, witboai obliging tbem to
bring otben to (wear for their lanMttMa, Tbe fecood Method, ( i.) Becaufe it was only io ufe «r
taiong Laicks, who did not approve of k ibsmieires. ( z.) Becanie it often happens chat the looo-
cnt are v aoquilird, aitd tbe Gaiky crown'd as Vvftois. j Becaufe this was to tempt God. r4.) fie>
CAofe ic being unlawful for Ecdcfiaftkks to 6ght tbemfelves, 'tis altogether uajuft to oblige than to
find CbaianaatioilKirAcad^ Older 10 beacqpincd: TiiiofMikmiaioaoiBCwacay ofdear*
« - .ti..„fi|MiM n<*
iB^ UKUiRivcf Of one infill mmJ^A hm
vrnne, nmRsII iiM^nafaiaM MrMa>«
ny tuuiHSBnigasaAuu* Kb
neta makes tbisObjedtaa to bioi-
fcff ; But mvji tre fiiffer aH the Faults which EccltJitHickt may commit to gt mlmijh'd f He anfwers,
that there are fome Periibot who oi^to iafier it> aod ifaacibefaarealRrmfons wfaofedan.isii
to T«^nt)ve and putitlh tbrin acccrJhg to ik Puaiii fcinlail -ia thf iir tbat purpofe, udwntbe
neccflary Precautions : bnt that a rafl) Judgment (hould not be pefi'd on ibofc who have rcceiV'd a
Pojivec tojodge the very Angels j That tbe Qergy ought not to be jade'd hj LakkSi InubyBifbofisi
ani tmi L/aicn otigiit tax to cnsona lacuiieifcs wrb yaaiBaig wcKt\jtnUf r
to by the Bilhop of the Dioccfj. And ytt (fayshcj the ijidtt cmtrary n mow olfirveahle ; For the Ci-
vit'Aiubaritjf mcrotcbes m
the Eceleft^n^U i md the Uttter m mm en^d theformer^ ifbicb oi^bt
h u
fifpmit, Utimm As fiv MsMmiV Ae^'t lia WHt^dttnmeu fobtfd rime tkm the Os-
tntStf tie Holy Fathers ; nen fo in their Condemvetieny mere regard w had to gyMtifie tbtir Htimourt,
sAm Io freeeed according to Canon Lsm, And front hence it b^fem, thtt bj the bift^ice ^tmigliteeim
fti^gtty the Offonett »/ the GuiltyeremBwH tht ttUkf tkm Oigwltyi miOigtiifimtm $»$mf»
4ny Perjen from an unjuff Acctifation.
Tbe Second Part is about tbc Authority wbicb Princes bad ufurp'd in tbe Ecclefiafiical Ordinati-
ons of Bifhops He fays tbat tbey ought to be made by tbofe wbobave a Right thereto according to

tbe Canons and Cufloms of the Church but that Princes abiblutely require that rheir Edid (hould

be of univeriai force m the cafe : That be, wbom they cfaofe, muii be (ieoeiv'd,tbo' never fo wicked i
and tbat tbe Man, wbom odiers (hall elfft, Ihoabl tas tejeded , tbo* Mvcr ib dderviog : Tbat tfaa
Faults of tbofe wbom they cbnfe, bow great (berer, were look'd npoo as notfaira: That tbey had no
regard to the Vermes, but to the Riches, the Parentage, and theScrrioesof theraibos: Tbatnuy
were ordain'd for Money, otliers by Reoommeodatioo, or becaufe tbey are ReUtkns, or io reooiii*
Scace of fboaeServieeihey bad done: That there are (boK PrinoEs fi> blind, as to prefer Infants m
ifhopricks, whohul iiot(bmudiasoaeof tbeoeceflary QsnUificatioas > uA who are oblig'd la
be under tiKOHK of TounaadA^ftM^ even arliikib^ ate ilieMiftai and Ja^eicf • wbola

In the lift Bm
lie reprcbeadsdie Abaifi» wMift preraira in bb ibiie; of rifli^
Church, when tbe Epifcopa! Sec was vacant hy the Death, or by tbeExpnlfion of a Bi(hop. Hecites
kihe three Pans feveralCaaoBS, and a great many fine PaOa^ ou of tbe faibci^io back bis owa

JL% •1*0

Digitized by Google
28 A Ncjv Ecc/eJiaJlical Biftcry ,

Atto Bi- Til? f:t'X a Birtiop nam'J iVatd n, 'a in was at Tariance wirli \-M Prin^r He cxLofts
is difL<!lcd to
flfopof him to liibiuit and f rociucts kvcral Pjiugcs uuiolilic Fatbtrs LOiicerning ibc Obcdi-
to hi« Prince,
\ iacil.
ence which is doe to Kings, 'i'bis iVatdtn is doubdets ibe lame with bim whom Ber«ngtr bsif BUdO
COi'^ Btftop of Cnmie, and who a^rwards prov'd imdwoni U) bim » ami umbdcoMr to die impeior (h
as Ltf/V^r4»J relates it. «
l ite aredket^ed to the Faitbfal of liitoini iSiocels : The twoiirft are a-
three fuiiowing Letters
gainit (bole, who
pretended to UiviiK vid A)opkdie cf tfangsw ccMue : ind i^ UA ^ fgAiaft .ifaolB
who Awottid fcaft on Fridays.
The fifih is dtr«l9ied toa Bilhop nam'd Aft. He therein Ihewi by tbe Eale/iaO.ical and Civil
Lttvs. tbat Martiige b prohibited between ttwie ;Hrbo bad coocntded a Spiritual Afiinuy by Baptiim,
eoeKhxj to tbe Adviee of rfaaE*Bi(bop, wboibudd (anfi ifaac ooe Tbierrjy who bad nurry 'd hit Go4?
father's Daaghter, was divtirc'd from hiv, and Ercommunicaicd nil tucfa lie midCilff
pearance in a Coort of JodjctdKC betbre tbe Arcbbiibop and Bdbopt. /
Tfcef;]rtfr»'« IxnCTofGiiM^DvaaiDaftteGh^^ wkeicHiJielciidt iiii«'theGi»-
py of a Letrcr, preicnded to Ik- Pope "^chgrjt, m
Theodortu fitlliop of Ptma^ aboUC [be FlraUfaiMNr
of Marriage betweeti thofe w^ho have coatradbd a SpidtudAiBaiqr*
Tbe feveBib h a LetttrofifAntr*^, a Frieft'of Mmh^ dirtded lo ^iTM, whereby be gives bini co
iir .lcrlland that tbefe forts of Mirnapr^ u n c !:lcc*iie prohibited io bis Churcbiaod delircs he would

let bim know tbe mcaaing bf tiie 1 uks £rtjie0u and Dtsaemjfts, meation'd io ^>icbarf$ Lct>

/ftro rcp!ys in rhe ciphtb Letter, That tbe Priefisjfet and De»eoiujfes were Widows chofcn to afHil
Ihc Women in tbe Adoainillratioa of tbe Sacraineoi of Baptilna. He docs not approve at aU. thcic
HHem^ weib Mkffif t aidii'Obfematbac tkele Tiilci ipf Pri^$
C^foionl^wfao fmnid tbac die
and Deacms might likewife be gfven to Women.
Tbe nintb and tenth arc dircv.'led to tbe EccMiaihcks of buown DioccU, againft tbofe who ktgt

compnif with lewd Wotnen, with whom ttey maincain'd a ibadabm Famitiadi]saiid wt^
kpt and maintain'd out of the Revenuciof the Church.
In the Uft, be advifes tbe Bilhops, his Brethren, ujKjo what was ncccfia y l>- dc>nc in cafe tb^

Kings of Itdlj/, (vi'z. Beren^er and Ad^itrt meaiioa'd formerly) fearing tbcir Enemies Oicutd rer ,

^ire bim and Thf* rrft of ih:;* Pifhop'? to continue Loyal torhcm^ net only by iL<.- 0.:h of AHcgiance,
batt^eza<iiing HoUa^es trom ihern. He gives them to un iccl- aml i^jjil tis not iui Opiniotithat they
ougbctogive tbemany. (i.) Becaufe be it not feefible, that the Hoiy Scaptnres and the Fatbett
bave commanded any thing elle than to be loyal and fubjei^ to ope's Prince, and la do one's beft to
preterve tbe publick Peace of tbe Sute, and to provide for tbe Safety of one's King. {%.) ^caufe
'c a fortof Pnmlhmcfltinflidted on tbe InnooeatforaMabers Faalt , which is contrary to Jultice:.

{%.) Becaafe'm cfaeczpofiQgofa-Mio'tljfiEiirfbaaeTeipporal lotereft, and thekavipg k to tbe

cbangcabfe Will of otben. (4.) Beoule *is (neb a new and Orange thingtas wooNl make tbe World
believe f itbcr liis: th'.- Pif^.nps of whom tbefc HoAageswere mjLiir'ii, arc moTC diiloyal than their
fredecelfors, or eife that the Princes are mote odipm. Wbercapoo be esfaortt bis Bretiven to pray
TO God far tbe Salety of tbrir Mmm. anA cobef biM «> 11^ cbm^ k»
Loyalty of tbelMiiciof Mr
Kiigilan* aadtbat be vraold Fcefenre cbexn acddy aad ooofiiat in
their Fideltlf.
Tbere b flill in the Maoiifcriprat anwber pien of ^in^ vnbnled Ar Fa&>ricit w Tie Pm^
ptndiculary trbiebjirt ft ,i Rfrrnof cf Vice, arj a J^^commender of Virtue ; and .'cvcntccn Sermani
wbicb 'tis impolfible to Tranlcribe, bccauk the Maoulcnpt
one caoaot
it ib torn in ibis placc^ that
read tc There are likewife fcveral tbh^ wmring in tbe Works wbicb are copied out ; all which
might be fupply'd by the Alirmrcnpt wWch they fsy in tbe Arcbivesof the Cbnicb of VerteU ; but

the Canons ot that Cbnrch wouid never coauounuoate tbem, nor (iiffer tbem to be copied, ootwith-
ftanding the importtiniiy of Father D*viuj Made by Cardinal Bom, and the Ambalfador of tfaclXiko
of Stvty: whether ti; kcaufe thcy knew not wbercibiiTrcafureiafi or bectde dicy wereioioded
* '
itfhould lye dormant there. •

Tht Woffcs of this Author ate nothing dfaalraoft boc a Colkc^on of Citations out of Scripture^
tbe Car>oni and the Faihen, which were very applicable to hii {wrpofe. What is bis owo» wric k
with fctnc (pint, and atter a lively and oaitiral nuumer. . . • .


' r I
I .

LVIT' r I I TP H,AN D,»tlV TP ^AND, is obe of the greateft Orbamenu of Ttalr. J^iOemim'
P^/tND, aflbres os that be was an Itditn^ and defcended from a Family of Ptm'u ; Others fuppofe that
bis Family was Sfanijlj. However it be, bis Father was lirnt by Hugh Kbg of hah to the tmpr lor
at CouflMttinople ; and being retnrn'd from that EmbafTy, hccmbrac'd the Monaitick Lite Irsvtng .

iMitfMMd very young. He wat braiigbi to f4v«>^ and made DMcon of that Chnrch.. His ReU-

Digitized by Cooqic
the Tenth Century, of Chrijiimty. 29
Uon$ prefcntcd bJm w'Berenii^er \\. to b« his Secretary. He fcrv'J biota long limc, and was lent Z.«i/pr,W.
Atabafladar by that Prince about tbc Year 948. to ConfiMtim Pft^^ogemt* Emperor of tbe B*R.
SoneityibMr'ibMit^biiKanibetnit BifhopofCr«iMiMtfW%ninoieNlKfyibathew«innd-
varKr'd 10 ibai Digoiiy till 0:1 0 I had render d bimfeif M>ftir4lf hafy : for he focti fell into dilgrace ' •

wilb Berengnr, wbo periecuied

and all bis Family ; Ifr (fait be was forc'd to
hicn into Cttaumj^ %
wbn* be cmipoM bit Hittory, on tbe top af wbkb faemlf «flbflMt tbe Tkle«f finaoML HtobM
into Italy with Otho, and aififted ar tbe Council held at J(««w to the Year 96}. againft Jolm XII. in
tbe quality of Biihap ot Cremons, wfaere be was tbe Emperor's InteriJreRr. In tbe Year 968 be was
fun AmbaiTftdor by dMC Priaeew PAfr« Emperor of tbe RaS, and bat writ bbritelf tbe Relation of
ibil Sitibaliy, which CTmtiitjJ very excellent Remarks on the Manners of the Crectau Emperors of
tbnibne. Hu Hiitoiy is dedicated to Rjtimund Biibop oi Elvirs in Spain. It is divided into Ox
Books, and begins with the Reigns of Leo Empegerofthe £4/^, and o\ Armlfbui Emperor of tbe
Welt, and ends at Luitprami'i Embairy from Berettjrer toCtrnfttntint. But tbe lait Book is imperfet^}
and inticad of continuing tbe Htltory, a Fragment is added, containiog tbe Hittory of tbe Ezpulfr*
on of Btrmgtr, of tbe Condemnation of Pope Jthn XIL tHlif all tbat bappen'd at Sigm OH Pbpe
BeneJitl was outed of bis Popedom. Tbe Fragment fceois to me to be Luitprand's, if we may judge
by the (lyle, and certainly it belongs to an Aotbor of tbat time. The third fiook is intituled. Tit
Ctuntcrpoifon, tbat is, Tbe ^fvemge ; becaafe therein be undenakcs to revenge bimfelf of tbe haft
uiage be faiad recdVd from Btrtmngr. Tbis Uiftocy, and tbe Aelacioa of bii Emba^ to tbe Eope*
ror Pbtcm, are tbe only geouiDe Pieces of Luitfrmii. For the Book of tbe Lift* of tbe Pbpei mat
S. Feter down to Formofm, is not writ in Luitprand's ftyle, nor is it mcncicn'd in Sigibtrt or Iriihc
mm. Some believe tbat it beioiiet to a more ancient Aatbor , bu tbey are aiifteken ; for it endi
widi • paflage copied oat of iberaAory of ljnr^4tt</, wbidiiselbrAereWflence^ttbii Work i»
Done of his ; But what time (bever it was of, 'tis nothing cllc but a vile Copier f An-ijl^fiuf tbe L5- (

brwiao. As far abeCknmicm wUcb goes luider tbe oamc of Lmttnmdt -'tis appatendy a fpa-
rioni Piece, wMcb m^biiv he ledkafl^d iiuuig tbk RooMwsei mdc n tbefixn 'of woMfiAraMMtf
by the Sfmitrd!.
LmtfrMd'i iiylejs barih and ttngbi bat fttoiig end veheweot. He wrote hii' Hiftoff Id a pt-
•heaeiliMMnr. bnfbcfc at teste ptalkoK, wnoK oMMig ifce Regular GMcr Mid Seffai«l •

Times. He therein fpeaks particnlarly of tbe Aflfairs of Italy, and of that whkb coooem'd the Ena^
fire of tbe fVeSy and therein iikewife iolms Ametbiag of the Empire of tlie Ba0t and of tbe Hft
Aory oftbe Vopei. r

His Hiftory was printed at BaJIlia the Year 1 531. The Relation of his EmbafTy at tn^djlat ia
tbe Year 1600. The fiook of Lifcs of the Popes, wbicbis foiiied on bim at Mayenca in tbe Ycac
1 6oi. And all his works togeiber, wkb tbe fpurioos C^rsmboi^ mat foUidM h§ ^mmt£ IV t
||KJefiM^ aadfriDttdiBiMeaK^lBMMy»lhBYcaci64Q. .

— I .

. .
J M ,

, •
f I > II




>; CHAP. HI.

• ' • • • • : ,r

. » • * • *

tbe Tenth Ceacory the Church of

waslook'd upon as the chief Chnrch of France, j-;,^ p,

IN and its Arcbbilbops had tbe principal thare in tbe Ecclcfiaitical and Civil Atfainof thai King- ty\f the
doox Tbe PriviledgeswUoithePopps granted to them, tbe great Reveooes which tbey ch»A tf
pollc^'d, .and which were confiderably augtaeilied at that tune; tbe Prerogative which they Rhdms*
bad 6if lC&i<eaating Kings, the Pofttbey bdtf iiitBe Aifemblies both ol' Church and State
their Quality, their Reputation, and their Perfboal Merit, rais'd them to a h(gber pitch of Power
and D'gnity thaq any Prelate could hope for. Bat fora(ilUKbju all great Digoites are envied and

eagerly tbirfted after, and tbe higher the Poll ts,ibe more expoi^ 10 ftorms and dangers ; 'tis not
at ad to be wonder'd at tbat there were Co many Artifices us*d to come into ibis ArchbiAoprick,
many beats to keep ia it. and if ihofe tbat had tbe polTeflion of it , have been fabjed to ib many
Scandatt. as tbe enibing Hiftory w9l make appear. Bm becaufe tbe Eoeiefiaftical Affiiin of ttie
Churches of Franct, and particularly of that of Hbeimi, bear fo near a Relation to thofe of the
State i and bccaule tbe Changes of Kiogi , and tbe RevoIiHioas of tbe Goversaiem have like-
wile pepdoc'd very many AlicritioatiD the Affakiof cheCbmch: 'Th neodBuj IQ begm vrab^"
ving yon a Scheme of the State of the F>-«iidblliooitcbjr, fnd of the SococfliM Of theKiogi wbo go-
veio'd Frtnce daring tbe TembCcntary.

• Afcef

Digitized by Google
A Nerp Ecckjiajltcal Hiflory
Tbeflatiof MxtttiktlkvkiaiChtrkt th$Grt^, whkfa happoid ia tbe Year 888. *liis&nCir«r/ef.finum'd
Aancc 4- the Stmfk, being ftiH id U
Ut Miooritf, die Neafhumt net Ctmpetgn, dcded OA or Eadkr, Cooift
r-.r f/jf of P^K, and Duke of France, to govern the Kingdom, give lii;n ilr: Q^ulity of Kinp and czoid,

bim (o be oowo'd bf Courier Archfaifliop of Sens. Od tbc^otber iid^ l^fMfbm liie Sen of QMr«r^
Chutes^ limfelf Mifter of the Cowtiy between Hu^m wxA the jf/^w wm Mowmfne ? tht ii> fawy
^'^r'^* and Swit:{erUnd a/i J caos'd bimfelf to be c^ov^^'iI King of Lor/'^r B:ir2_tin,!y.
, Lrrrii the Jion of B*-

r^fC/"^ K"** ^d on tbe Country which Iks from Lxnu to ibc jtea, between ibe J^4nmw aod tk: <<^/*/, aiut
weatJOixktitenttisofKMgof /irfwr ^
IVwwen, «iidcMiM ibit KingdoiD to he cwrfMil apM
/«T fe- wjf ^™ * Council held at Vjltnc:- on purpvifc- in the Year S?^ Thu^ Frjf:« waj divided inlotbrctt
Sm tt Kingdoim: Tbe Kingdom of Fnim««t wbtUa comprebeodcd Normamdj, Aqiatmny md ibe Otttofaf
leirothe ^ tmrimu^i dw Kingdoai of ^Irft*; aad ilieKiatdMB of LeMrAnj^^. fidb* wit not loqg
Ea!d. ^ in quiet pctfc'rion of a Kingdom rn whirh he maid rrcrrnd : o Rff^bt. Charlc; tht Simple bad bs

Toe iJe/|Ji Firtikm, who tent for bim from Englmd, wbuber bis Moiber bad carry d bim, aad ouis'd bim to
cf diarlci be Crown'd at Rpaim in tbe Year 89 3. He tmmediately enter'd into polTdfioa of « |an«f (be Kiog-
oieSilDple. dr rti and rais'd a Civil War between ihe two Partits ; which withm a while wra« appeu'd, anl
wboily ended bv tbe Ucatb of £m<^/, wbicb bappeo'd on tbe Ibimeib of ^aniury.Z^ Bj bis
Du±CbtrUj tin Simple took poleiTiOBof tbe Kingihm 6[ Frmee, not of Attu^ wm fOt
totrcr Bur^jmr^y^ Intbe YfsrotS bcaddrd Larrsji to hh DcmtntOTis, having corTquf^r'd it frotti
Uenrjt toe taiconer, after tbe Ucaib of CeWrfJ. bat ibc Malccontcnts among the Ficnch Nobfcit
Mok ao occafion from tbit War, to cue bim oat new Work, andelcded ^ftert tbe fin^ther uf JWbv

KinE^,who wa? Crown'd at f{l:r{rnj on the Twcmietb of Jrinr in rhc Year 921. fo tbai Cbarlei H'as
lorc'il lu qua Lot rain to COOK and bgbt t{fkert. Tbis lait wai iuii'd in Battle, bat bis Pariy dcct-
ird in bit room bit firotbertiirLa,w iffiJulpbrn U. Duke of Bi0gm4f. CtMriu tbt Simple finick up on
AUiaaoe wttb Htmy tbe Faukmmr, to whom he remitted JLorr^oa, nnm coodidoa tfaat he (booid aid
bim ; bat be was treacberouOy ukco in tbe Year 92 3. by Jft^«r» Corot of Vtrwumdtn , who kcpc
htm Prilbaaer iaUb'en? Cattle. Tbe Qpeen bis Wife witbdiew bito£ii;/«id witb ber 8n JUmv
From tbat time Cib«r/M tbi Simph wu
always in tbe Power of Hr^r, or HitfA /« B/mv Count of
P«ne, J^oAert't Son, wbo kept bim Prifimer till bii Deatb, wbiobJiappeQM ntbe Year 929. Upon
Jtrtii^piMf. his D^tb Stfidid^m was left in mtet pofieiBoa of tbe Kingdom to tbe Year 936. at wbkb time be
df'd widnac Iffiie, leavbg die UMkidQin of Bmgtmdy to lOsd^^ Md tbecbief
kaAnkj afframee 10 Ik^thHtitt, Count of Pav ndOr^Mi, •ndDlilwof Fr«wv, bit Bt«*
tbei^in-Liw. Howcrer, this Man bad not tbe Heart to take the Crovvn on Ii::n hd g afraid of

^OUtlOHer trtmcr.
Btbm Coont of yii wawibdi and GifiOmt Duke of LmMin ; and be tboogbt it more adriiable to
for Ae Son dfCbtrkfih fimfh oat of Ei^lMnd. who apon tbu Moenat ww ciird I>mv ifo»-
He wis rcce^'d withour any Oppofiuon, and do'.vn'd at l,%:n in the Year 'j.; '. Lntit
during iiia Kcign bad great Cooteftt witb the Counts Htbet^t and Hig'E'* and was fometintes at Wai^
hatimta it race wiub (Me King t^Gmmmf. Bat at hit, having tocomaiodited Mattert widt
UimbH, TIui;f\ be dy'd peace.'ibly in the Year 954. Iciving the Title nf King to bis Sen I.ctf.itius, an Infant
of Foartetn or Fifteen years of Age, and tbe Admtntftratioa of tbe Gom omcii i to Ht^b, to wbooa
yooog King gramra tbe Dntcdiy t^ Bmrpmif and Aquitmm. Httj^b dyed in the Year 9 jtf. %mi
left four Children, of whom the EMcft, nam'd Hugb-Capet was dcclar'd Dake of Fran:( in the

Year 959. by L«r£«rm, wbo gave btm hkewiie Po/^ou. Lotharm reign d peaceably Ibrce and
TUrty years, baviog after tbe Deatb of Ht^b tbt ffhite, reaflbm'd tbe Royal Autboi^. But tbit
Ltwk the Was loft in the bands of hb Son Lfirn, ftinam'd the Fainthearted; who furviv'd hh Faih-r only fix-
Kant' teen Months under tte Tmclage of HugirCapet, and was tbe iaft King of ibc Careitgwan Line. For
ttarted. after bis Deadi Htigb-Cdptt was Eleded King by the Noblell of Nfjm, about tbe end of \^ia
tbe Year 987. and afterwards Crown'd tt f(£w"wj, withotir any regard bad to Chiults Duke of Lar-
r«i«, Brotber to Letbdrim, whoai tbey bated, becaufe be iiad taken an Oath of Allegiance to tbe
*'^'* King of Geniuitrif for bit Ehicchy of Ltrrmm, Tbe next year Hugb-Capet catis'd bis Son Hfitrt aUb
to be Crown'd. However Dtike Charles W9i not altogether oat of hopes of re-inveftin;; bimfcif in
tbe States of bis Anceflors, and baving feis'd on Lm* and I^ms, be made Wa.r for lome time witb
AfAj batwastakenintfaeYear99t.intbeGtyof Lam, and carried Prifooer to Smtt.and fWu
thence to Orleans, where he was fliut up in a Tower, wherein he dy'd three years aftrr. And ffaoi
the Kingdom of Frmiet was transferr'd from the CarUtgman Lme to that of Huvb-Capet, wbo
Itv'd till the Year 996, and left his Son Hgbttt in qoiet pciflGrflion of die Kuigdom, which this good
Km gorera'd till the Three atid thirtieth year oftheenfuiiw Century. And thus much may fuf-
ioenr K^tcoocexni the PbGtical Eftaie of die Kingdom ol Wramt : let as now proceed to the iEc-


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of the Tenth Century of Chri^mity. gt

FU LCU S Arch.'Bifhoff of Rheims.

*^ a PerfoQ of
fuccccdcd Arcb-billK)prick of I^ximi, in the Year 88
MMCi«4n» in ihe Hew«py|^^
Qiiality, who bad
been a long time it Court ImtnediatcJy be lent to Popr M4ri- yirch-R:-
mis bisConfeflion of Ebe Faith, according w
Culiom, and rct.eivM ihe Pall frona him. in a Sc- flop of
Cond Lcncr be demanded a Coniinriatiun of ibc Privileges granct-d by the Popes lo hij Predeceflbrt, fthc^iiKi
acd made Complaints to him of the- E btr b r;M' h'd by Ins Brother {{ampo, for the building of a
Monattery, of wbitb Ermenftcy, uLu b-iJ uii.-n^d his WiJdow, had taken Pullclllon. Martnus
wrote on this laft point to to Gerard Arch biiliop of Sen$, in whofe Diocefs this MoaaAcry was ;
and m Jdim Arch-bifhop of {{nan, to whofe Dioafs Ermtnfroji did belong, giving him orders to cnjoycl
bim to relmquift the Ellate which be had !o unjuiLly poU'cIs'd himfclf of i and if he would not do
h, to oiake ufe of Canonical Punilhments againlt fatm. Fulcus wrote likewilc to Pope jidriMtim
Socceilbrof Mxrinm, to Congratulate bis Advancement to the Popedom; and at the fame time
ktic bim Tome Copies t)f the Privileges graated by the Popes, Lto, BetudlB, md NicMM to the
Cfanrcb of Hbetms, to which be defires him % grant a Conlirtnation. In tbe fame Letter be iotrettt
Ian to (end a Cotlttnillton to the Arcb bitbops of Sem and Jtea»« to adjuft the ibafioeft of tbe Mo-
ftlftery, whidi Ermmfrvf bad taken poffefllon of, and wrires in favour of frttMrhu Arcb-bidlop of . ;

Brunj, who wajaccm'J by a Monk of hisDioccIs ; affuring tbe Pope, that he had been £lea«l
tfvbit fiiflnptof bis Province, by the Cktgy and Laity of bis own DioccJi, aod Coofirm'd bf
njpe hUrhm. He feat another very fnbi»ffl»Te Letter to Pope Stephtm, wbereih be ibudcs bim fix
the Honour he did him in writing to bitn, and in ircaiing with him as a Friend and Brother ; Ti-
tles wbicb be coukl not pretend to > cbiiikiog it an Honour to be bis Servant and Subject. He af- <

ftret tinUt tint if be were not furrootKledi iod as it were Befieged by the B^rAdrwMtr, wbo were
nut above fire Lejgae? off sCiry and who Bcleagucr'd P4rif ; he
ti would have undernk'. n i Jour-
ney io tifm. He informs bioi of the part be bore in tbe Snares wbicb were laid againit bina. and
nnkKibli acknowledgtneMt for the fiivonr fhewVl by iheT^pe to hii Son Gsr^, who wtt the Aidi*
Bilhop's Kinfman. He prcmifes Obedience to the Pope, and cxt\i% the Dipniry nf the Church of
libetm, wbicb ix pretends bad bc^ Fooltded by Saint Sixtus, who was ieot by S. P«/«r, and was
i»e diigf of tbe whole fCingdoiii. He uddit thai Hope HmmfJm bad cflablflhed the Arefa^Bilhop
of l{beims, bis Vicar iaGaul ; and dcfircs him to confirm the Privilege? granted by his Predfceflbrt.
Wc preflea bim toorder Ermeiifra; to be Szcommooicated by the Atcb-Bdhops of Smt ana ligdm j
•od fatcreata bim to write to King Charfati, tooblq^e hin to refhxe in fidl to ibe Cbuchof J^jMrn
the Rerennes ubi^'h bc!onf;*d tn ir,
Tbe Pope anlwLf d t'ukm, ihn he was glad to !ec he bad iucb good iboaghts of ibc Holy 5ec i ^/«//«»jf
be afliir'd him. that be lookM upon Guji as bis own Child ; that be was deeply aiTeded with tbe De^ Stephen^
folar^nn of Frarrct, catis'd by ibeBgrbMritm ; that he pray'd God to deliver thai Kingdom out of all tn
itsTi cubic : And Lafily, be acquainted him, that he had lent Letters according to his defire, lo
tbe Arcb<4Nfha|W of Sens and Hfdut.
Fulcm wrote a Second Letter to this Pope, wherein be renews bis complaints again 11 lirmenfToy,
who would not obey tbe InjtUM^ions of tbeTwo Arcb-fiiAops, and intreats the Pope to caafe
bim to be Ezcommanicated. At the fame time be a^
bit Adviti^ whether ii be lawful to ordain
Bifliops every Fefiival day.
Tbe Pope feot bim afterwards feveral Letters.
The firrt is a Letter of Coiifolation, for tbe Miferies bo nriucr- w ent.
The SeoQod is a Kecommendatqry Luter, in bebalf of a Man who wa» oppicia'd fay hit Quldie* ^^^ste-

TheTf]:rd is Qj^cctcd to tbe Bifhops of FrdKce againf^ Fz-tf/ariMf, who had feizcd upon the Setp||[(^^'
of Brsmt^ after be bad been turn'd out of the BitbopricJu of Btrdeaux and Ptiturs. He io-
ffffm utn under the Fleiiaky of ExaxMnooicadon , to fdinqailh Breget, and lerani to Btf^

The Foonb is io favour of Jeuth^Jm, whom b^ bad ordain'd BiOutpof LMmgrtt. He ibereiotciii
Mm, thai after tbe Death of J^tue BiAop.or that Chardi» Awrttitn ArGh-Bilbo|i of Limu had or«
dain'd in bis room a Monk cafl'd Ep!cn, without being E!t fl^rd by ehhcr Clergy or Laity, wbo bad
£le(^ed TebthUm^ and defir d tbe Pope that be might be Con!ci;;ra(ed i that being willing to maio*
tam tbe Privil^et of all CliiircheSi he bad leittto AurtlUn to ordain Temhcldm, provided it appeat^d
rn bim. that he bad been unanimouny clct'^cd by Clergy and Laity That be bad fent a Bilbop to

be upon the fpot. to lee that this Order were duly put io Execution i bat that jianluin bad put a
trick npon bim, by (ending bim before to Latigres, with a promifetbat be woold be there foooafov
him ; and that inftcad (if being fo good as bis word, be fuffri'd the Bidjop tO wait for h^m r,3 no
purpolc: That the Clergy and l^ity had fentan AiSt of the EleiSion to I{mie, and pray d tiiai itut-
Miitf might be Conlecrated ; that he had writ again to /li/i'e/i^n. requiring him to ordain bim }
bai that inftead of obi y in" bis Order, be made it bis BuHnefs to b-inc; ihc other i\ -n Polli-ilion ;

LaiUy, That opoatbefielh loltanccsof the Clergy and Laity of Largrcj, he had ordained ItutM-

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3 A Ne» Eccleftajiical Hijlory
Fulctis dm i be enjoyrtt P«/««r to pw htmiato Poflcilion. Fukm replj'd to him, that he wu
trcr; willing
ArMi^o> to put bis orders touditDg Teutktldm into Execution , but that be had been obliged to defer it opo«
^Rhcims. i],^ King BmUs, who would fend his Amballadari to iiiai, to know his RefoJution. He
inftance d*
^^'V'*^ adds, that tfae fiilhopa were very glad at hit declaring that he wa* willing to maintain the Rights and
Privileges of Bifhops in their fall force. He dedrcs to know of him, whether it be lawfal for any
of b» i^uifragans lo execute the Orden of iheitUqb or of any other wiihoatto havc^ or to ondcr-
tafce any thing contrary to Im Probtbirions.
Other Wn- T^' ^•'^'^ P
' ^On irms iht P, irilegct of the Cbarch of Hjbeims and prr liibiis all Peribos whaifi»-
mit if ever Irom IciziDg or detaining any of the Kcvcnues which belooc to it. He liltewUe wrote lo Ai^.
Stephen in m
afaont the dinerenoe which bappen'd between Hermim Ardi*BiOiop of Ctbgm^ aDti jUitpdm fit-
fixt'Uf if ftlop of Himlurg and Srmt. They bad both writicn to the Holy See upon that Subjcd, aod had
AlJUgiurui came to Hgmt accordingly, but Hcrnum did ooc appear.
cited thither. HowcTcr,
If Mkub.
4 id,, QQwrflRng 10 determiDO a matter of that CbtileqiNnc^ widmut hearing both Vattki,
be orders Fuktuto call a Synod in his Name at ff'rnu, with itx Bilhops bisSoffiragans and Neigh-
boars ; and to dte thither Herman and Aidegatrut, with the Arch-bilbop of M^ftMt and bu Soffrai'
nns, to etatnlne ftridtly the Pretcniions of both Parties. He foviies him to coow tO-^Mt apoa flMp
AiTair and oibers, or at lead to fend tbiibcr fiMie able Perfbo, wicb iIk Fariiet eoMmrdt that ib kfi
inigbt be fully inform'd of all things. . . ;
TteUntrt ' Tbe Pope being dead befure ibis Affair was adjufted, Vukus wrote about it lohM Sucoeflbr ¥*r*
9f ¥\i\cuit« rfffi'i- praying that he would ron inue bim in the lam
- Cr rr.miiTion. :hank'd firm at rhc fame
Fonaoiits. time for ibe Complements he had km
htm by the Abbei;! Bertha i and asks his advice, what ougi»
R> be done againtt one ho had a mind to feize cn the Eftate which his Brother -in-Law C«nnt Evf
rarrl, had bequcath'd to a Monafitiy, whtch he bad built in Honour of Saint C*lixtus, wbofe R ily

he had brought from fynte. He wiihal declares to him, ihai he was very lorry to bear that th.^e
were Tome Pet font, uho gave diflurbanceroifee Qhoicbof Bi^me, and he was ready tu Aand in its
defence. Inibc Cor.clnfion be gives the Pope to underftand, that fevcrai Bilhops of France rcquir'd
the Pall, wbicb ibey ought by no means to bar;, lince it would cauTe ihon to dierpile.tbcir Metropo-,
litant and that he oughttouke fpccial cartabmt it* iMcaafe tfail aboGs mit^ bc^the
; of • Cu&
great deal of trouble hi the Church of Vrmet,
letter Pope Ferm^ reram'd faitn this Anfwer, ibac he was obtTg'd to inm for the GbDcem be Ihew^d ac
jT the unhappy (tare of the Church of ^owf That the Eaflerv Churches were likewifcdiflurb'd by an-

"j^" ticnt Herefiea and new Schiibns : That the Bilhops of 4frit4 had (cat their Depatie$ to i^me^ ^oe the
ad jtifting aod maldng up a Schifin, wbfdi was then on foot between tbe fiilbopt of thir Coomry j
ari ilia# there were fivcral other D \y::'r;s ti Home, fr in .^ivc:s pii s, who reqviir'd Anract? upon

ieverai di(tio(2 Subjeds : That he bad refolv'd to bold a Synod the hrft of March, to which be in-
iwd hoB. He bad already invitied Utn to aaotber Synod by a former letter, whereby he cnBftm'd
the Privileges granted to the Church of I(l>einis, and prohibited any Icizurc to be made of :hc Re-
9 renoes wfaicbbeiong'd to it. By tbe fame Letter he likewifc acquainted him of the Coronacioo of
69 perlbrm'd by him that fame Year.
By another Let-rr r f tbe Year fnfumg, beconfirm'J rh Donations granted to tbe Church of/^Witu^

nd gave Faleus to underlUnd, that be had Cro\^n'd Lambtrt tbe Son of Guy Emperor. Helike-
wife reprimands fevcrai LaicVs who would not be fubjetS to their Arch-Bilbop.
Forwfus wrote likewifc fcv crsl I^ettcrs in favour of Charlts the Simple, againft ftf/fr. He lent
for Fulcus to ^me upon that Subjcd, defiring all Ads of Hoftility might ceale, till his rctura.
Fideut cvcotTd bimlcif from this Journey, snd tells the Pope that he unghi to write to Jnatlphut
King of Ctrmanjr^ requiring hitn to a Hilt ClarUt, and to threaten EuJei v/\ih Excomtrxmication if
be cominDcd to ravage France. The Pope wrote to each of thcmi but it could not hinder Eudeg
from carrying on his Design : And ArmlphiuwiM fo far from favouring Cbdrlet, that he entred iho
Kingdom, laid Siege to the City of F(l>emt ; ravag'd the Country, and particularly rifl'd the Rc-
^ venues which belong'd to the Church,
tulcut made bit complaints of this to tbe Pope. A wbiJe
likewile wrote aootber Letter to him, wherein he takes Notice, that it was expedient that
ti Fope
Lambert Ibould entfr WD an Alliance with King CUrla^ and that tbe Kipe ihonld write toBuJet to
^onnoltis. inform him, tfitt k
vm btgbly reafonable, that Charfa flmald enjoy part of bis Father's Dbmiotont;
At ihefame tin?e be a iv; him, atxjut three PerfcDs • ho lay under perpetual Excommunication,
becaufeof tbe ill nfagc they Ihew'd to Ttatbtidtu fiiihop of Lamrett aod vaGautier Arcli-fiiibop>
of fmf «t«. whether be might admit them n
Pimnce : and aboat IftriYWBilhop of lirwtme,
iiirn'i! mu of bis Dioccfs by the Kcrrnani ; whether he rnipfii give him another BiOioprick, and
place in bii itead a Pcrlbo who might be more agreeable to the People of the place, and who could
[.anguage of tlw Gomuy. Tbe Pbpe i«iani*d bim Ail AalWier, chat be waa oblig'd to.
Tk Letter
ef Formo-
""^^ ^
wrote with Relation 10 Larrtherti that the three Pcrfons be fpoke of. had been con-
fitt $9 tul-
demn'd to a perpetual Ezcomnaunication , for having put out the Eyes of TefeboldMi ,
<ia. and for having caft Gatkr into PHfoii , aod dkit tbey ought ftill to lye noder tbar Sen*
Tbe laft Lcticr wbicb VofcFormefut wroic to Fukuj. related to Btrchatrm, whom the Laity and
Clergy of Chalmt had eleiKd their Bilbop by tbe Confeni of King Fudes. He complains of tbe
unwillingncf? of Fuicus t CnnTfcraTr hf-n
) anJ thit aficr rhr Deceafe of the late Bi/T.-| hi had

by way of Preveotien, caui'd this iiiUiof nek to be govein'd by Heriltad Bilhop of Jere^ane, wbo

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of the Tenth Century of Chriflianity.
bad been (um'd oinof own Dtoccls dut aticrwards be b»d or4aia'4 M4mis>»t a Mao of a pro* FuJcus
fats :

fligate life i and thn BrntowiMCDding to go to l^taw; lud beta Antfttd by CMrarfifae Oraunre AnblnjfKp
of Fu/cur, ind ff nt into BaotltaNnb For dut Jie diet ibe AnWIhop to 4imw, iritli MmwIim, Cmi- ^/Rhnms*
r4<f.and femil other Bifliopi, •V**-'
Fm/cm retura'd no reply to JtaHq/ftr, bat wrote a Lecicrt^ Compliment to Ste^nu VL Ui Siiccef- ,

for. Howeyer this did not prercot that Pope from dting him to a Syncxl, to be holden the
end of Stftemher. He excitt'd his going thither, and fcnt (everalof his Clergy in bis rooox He^j^^y^
gavethe Pope to uflderftaml, dttt be wander d at ibc bard Exprellions of his Letter ; ind the more^^^
becaule be bad been always very rnbai i;InT to ilie H ify Ser, and bad receiTed nothing from fr but
Kindnelfes and Civilities. He imputes li^is barlhncli ot the Fupc to the falfe Reports he had rcceiv'd
of him. To juliiiie bitDfeif, be fhews bow he bad been Educated from his Childhood, in all that
an EcclefitfHck ought to know Hnw aftcrwardshc was call'd to Cuart by King Chirltt tbc Son of

LtspH^ and cooiinaed in it tiii the Reign of Charlemagne ; that iie bad been eieded Archbtlhopof
Bjieinu by (be Bidiopi of the Province, and by the Clergy and Laity of that City ; and bow indu-
fkrioos be bad been in promoting the intereftcf that Church. Laftty be adds, that if King Eudes
would give htm leave, be would go to J(«me when the way was open, for be was then endoTed by
X^tntiMitbit Son of Amulphm^ who bad bafely us'd and rifled his Church. In fine, he pray*d the
Pope TO free him fnxn that Tyranny,aod not to oblige him to relinquilb his Church, at a time where-
in bis prelence was lb neceflitiy. Tbefeare all cbe Letters of Fulm to the Popes, and of tbe Popet
to that Arcbbitbop. of wUeh FMmri |i««iiitMi ismift, in ibe hat firft CUgun of the ftuftk
Book of biiHiftay.
h frii fifth
Cbipter tte fuot Autbor UMDikxutbe Leneif of ihit Attfri^bofj cflieAnl to Ac Kings
and Princes. TkLettm
Tbe firft is to ChsrUs the Gr^, tbe Soo of Umii ^ Gnmmsf, Death of Clmhs tbe^^"'':''^
after tbe
BaA/. wherein he pray d hmi ro prated agimll tbe PrMW MraMw, wbo bad nvaged die CaBn-^'^j^!'^^
ny a n J laid Siege to the principal Towns thereof.

la a ieoood Letter to tbe lame EmMior* be totreats that be wonid procure tbe Pall for him from
tbe iV)pt, and tbe Confirmeifeii of meP^hrBeges granted to tbe Cburdi of H^eimt.
The third is diredlcd ro Amulflm Kfng of Gemurty, "^vherein he gives him tbc retfon why be
bad anointed Chtrks the Stmpie King. He gives bnn to onderftaad, that open the Death of Charles
die Ba/i, tbe FrtiiA immediately miAc tbeir AnpScatioD to btm. lO be acoepi«i mderbb Fkoiedi-
on : but tbat baring received no Protcdion nor Grooteuaecc from him, thfy wrre obliged ro choofe
Chdrles for tbeir King» who was the only Man next him of tbe Royal Blood, and wbofe Brothers
and Prcdcceflbn ittdlieeiiKingi : Tbat tbe realbo wkftfaey did not choofe bnn fooner, was, becaofe
bcir.g too young be was iiot capable of governing tbe Kingdom, cfpecialfy at a time wbrn the .Vsr-
mans were ready to rifle and pillage the whole Kingdcnn : and that tl%y bad done it at lait witbouc
flonfolriog Armilfbm bi tbe Cale, according to tbe Cuftom of FrMce, wbich always was, wbeq
one King was dead, to put up in bis place one of the Royal Family, witbont conk^itinct my Foreign
^»wer. He likewife anfwer'd tbat which theyaccus'd btm of, vii. that be bad never Crow n d
CA«r/b ibe SitHp.'e, but that be migbt whb the more eafe beftow tbe Kingdom on Gn; { and makes
it appear, that it waa oohr «r Caliunny iovented bjr bia Enemies. And whaeas fome were plea fed
to raife a Report* ih«r€ftfr/r/ was not tbe Son of Lewi tbe Ligm i be (ays, tbat tbe very figbt of
bim would be a fuflficieni Evidence to convince tbem of tbe contrary j becaitfe any one might eafily
dilcern io btm, the very Air and Features <£ bii Father. LaftJy, be iotreats Amulfbus to do Juftice
10 this innoeent King, and bb own Koifinaa : Toooofiderthtrtbe Kingdom of Frgnce had al-
way b - n gn Hereditaiy Kingdom ; and to believe that tbc F'fK;/. had no other defign, than that
Cb«rlti Ibould be lead bj bis Cbnoiels, and boood co bin in a fam Bond of Amiqr aod Al*
In ibe foiinb Letter ubicli i? likewift.- dirfi'^ed loAmu!phut ^hc aflTnres bisn of the Fidelity wbcre-
with Kxa^Cbiriu and himielf iud oblerved tbe Treaties made with tbat i'nnce. He infomu him,
tbttdA King being minded to Aiiadcntdar, faidfnlnoGigraad the Pbpe, to engage then on fail
The fifth was wrinen to King EMdes. He Mtieaa him to gram tbe Chiudi of L4m libenji to
Aoote a Billiop, in tbe room of oUtn laidy DeoeaA}.
The fixth was dircdcd loCbsr/es, whom he very lharply reproTCS for bis intention of tnaking a
League with ibe Nanuans, and of making u& of them to reinftate bim in bis Kingdom. Her^
noi^atetto him, tbat it was a piece of Idolatry, thus toetuer into tbe Alliance and Inteicftof
gaos: Th»t tbe Kings bis PredecrfTcr^ were Servant cf the true God ; and tbat be hid rmonnced
nim, by joyaiog with Infidels ; tbat this was not tbc way to reakend tbe Tfarone of bis Ancefior^
bs rather to lode it, by palling oo bis Head tbe Wrath of an angry God * That thole who gave
bim ibtsadvTCf werr his Enemies, and tbat if be followed it, he knew not how to contiooeLoyal to
bim,nor bow to pievent faiojielf from drawing off as many as be could from obeying him, but that be
mnft be ftraed to Excommitnicne Vm, and ooodenn bim with a perpenul Aiutbema. He add%
tbit wrote thcfe things with f?rfrCTne gnVf andconcrrn. becanfe it wa^ bisdefirei that bcmigbc
be iud in honoar both with GOD
and Man, and tbac be migbt regain bis Throne by tbc beip of
AeLord. and not by tbe A[Ii fiance of tbe Devil; becaofe the Kingdoms wfakbGodbcAtm an
firm aod lafifngi wbcmtifaofe yt^/M9£qfuNi by bjaftioi and Rapine lit HBcendPt aad of a
Ihonfiaodiog. ^ F The .

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34 '
'A:Ne» Eccle/ia/lical JSiJlory . •

Pukoi was diredUd to the Emperoqr LMtnbert, whom be CongracaUurd ppoo die Popes De*
Tbe (eveoth
^rM^;> dnniion, that be would look upon bim as bis own Son. He exhorts him always to bear a due re-
^Rbeuns. and fac^uuur luthc Holy See, becanie ihat was tbe odIjt way ot Iccurmg bitnfelf an latercft b
^^V*^ Heaven, and of obtaining a fiiperioriqr Ofir all bis Enemies. He wilb'd hiia to remember that bit
Uncle Lamhrrt, v. bo bad been an Enemy to tbe Holy See, Perilh'd mifcrably ; and beiaircued Imd
to incctccdc witb \k Pui^e iur ibeirKinunan pompon, who bad been Excommuaicatcd.

Tbe eighth was Dedicated to Albradt, or Alfrede, the King of Great Britaui, wbom be Coogra-
tulatcs for the choice- he made of a wtjrrby Perfun to fill the See of Camerkury becaufe be heard ;

that in his Coiin.ry tbey advanced liicb a fort of Men, as pexuiiiied the fiiihopaod Pricfttto have
Wimcn among tbcaijaad iheLtiduto Marry tbeir Kindred, as well ai ibofe Vklin win Oft* «m
4icated to God>Sei VK«t '04 lobave • Wi|e ar.d a Concubine at the (amc time.
Tbe ninth wasdircded toUfcbiUa, a Qjieen or £mpreis> wbom be iofon&'d of tbe ill Reporu
which went about of her Condu^^ and cxboru ber to lead a Life aKKCOOofonaalikto CkntduOf^
fid ipberttaic of Widowhood, which fbe bad devoted to God.
In tbe frxib Chapter FloJasrd makes thentkia of the Letters wbicb Fh.Vv/ lent to (everal
tktUtters Iq tbe firit dtreded toFrnluiriu, ArcbhiOiop o£ ^ardtmiXjbt defires thai Arcbbiibup to preJinw
^kuM die Revenues of tbe Cborcfa of '^tim, wfiidi weie ii bii CNoce^ ind ' to ExoomauwicMe fndi u
tke^fi^»^i)u\d (drx on thcin.

TbeSecood is Direded toJ^4ii){, Arcbbiibop of fame Suhjed.
Arltt, on tbe
In tbe driid di'ieded to Hermm Afcbbilhop ^fColegn, be deciaits tbai be bad a great dcfireto bold
a Conference witb him, and the Bifliops oi bis Province, buc that be was prevented by tbelncur-
.fions of the Karnunt And be prays bim to do bim Jultice with relation to lome of the Revcnoca.

belonging to bis Chwcb, of wbicb leveral ^rfooa bad made a Scbifm > tbe Cdigiiaaiioe of this Af>
. fair having been refcrrd to iVilhert his PredcicfTor, and now laid before him.
• . The fourth written to the faijne Perluoi 'relates likewik to the lotereft of tbe Church of Hiettrn, for
lyne lUveaoes which were Embejieli'dfrotn it.
The fifth is directed to Gmf/fr, Archbifhop of Sens, about the bufincfs of the Abbefs HiUergartJa.
He intreais this Arcbbilhop not to be fo Falle as be bad been, to the Aliignmenis made upon this
Account, and iodorigbttotha(Abbc&
In tbe/ixTh hf Congratulates Piemicus a Bilhop of England, for b^ endcavounrg to root out tlicfe
Piforders ol which he had madeoKoiiun in his Letter to Alfrede, and hcexiiui i^ bim tu coiitmue la
The Seventh was direded to Jchn a ^gaum Prelate, whotn he put in mind of Ibme ArKkiit To-
kens of Fricndfhip, wbicb be had Ihewn to bim ; and inircau bitii to aiTarc Pope Stephen of hisSub-
IDi^ion to bim, and begs be would ftand bisFriend in that Atfair.
Tbe Ninth and TenUi were direded to Dodtlom, Bilbopof Cmbrtst* By the two firft hp
calls him Syngd, wbicb was to meet about determining tbe bofioefs betweeti HHiegtrit 9xA
to the
Htrmin^dt and by the Lit wrote in his own Name, and in ihc Name of the BiltKjpsbis Suflra-
^Of^ he csjoyi}! biM\ to comocl Cooiu htidmm lo ooake due Reftitotions of the Church RcveaiK»,
wbt^ be had feiz*d on, to fenaiiiin tbe Later wbicb tbey wrote to bim npon the (ame Subjed i aod,
Ip goand meet with Bifhop lUtilon at Arras.
The dcv^ib was writ to ibis HeiUtm, tuna the accoum of Dsdiltni having caos'd tbe Body of

SafiK CtSxiws lol^ taken away i wbicb badbeen beqaettbed by Ifjtdul^m to tbeCbaidi of J^Mnmi
whither it was brought.
The Twelfth was direded to D/iiw Biihop of L*en, w hom be reproves forbavit^ rcfufed the

Saaameougf fdifKeaKltbeEiicbacilU vthepoiu pf Doth, tooae/fdi/c&er, who was Ezecu*

fothinir ....
forHtgfaTteaMis andfiwdcofng Barial, and ibiUdding any Fkajicra lobenailA

IittbeTbimiVMblKdcfirei AfMral^^HMw Prelate to obtain tbe fiivotir of Pope Formofus, that be

m'gbi put HertUnd, larn'd out of bis o'.vn Diocefs of TeraK4ne$ into Pofleifion of the Bilhoprick of
C^4>'>\r,puiting him ui mind o( what bad Ijcen done in tbe Cafe of ABttrdui Bifliop uf K*nts, who bad
^eu TranfljitcdiOlWirj.
The Fourteenth was direded to He»iratui Bilbop of Beauviis He complains, that this Bifho^ :

was his open and profefs'd Enemy > Exhorts bim to a Reconciliation, and gives him to underftaod,
^1 be was accus'd of Rap.aes He takes Not^e to him of the Excommunication of one nam'il?

Alaram'ts, which the Bilhop of Bm«p4w bad thundcr'd out, and which be fiid that the Arcbbilhop
of Hbcimi was bound to put in execution : As to this point be ttUs him, that be was always ready,

to follow tbe advice and opinion of other fiiihopi. btu that he koew of sio
Fower wbicb tbeCfaoicb
of B'jiizais hid to command the Cbuich of I^im; and that this Excommaaicattoti was not groaii-
ded on a Lawful and Canonical Reafoo , bat only becaule tin's Man had left dbe Intereft of Eudej*^
and embraced that ot King ChtrUs. He Ukewife Sammoncd hiin to appear at the Ordination of
the Bifliopsof Senlis and Ctefasi* todsiVB bim to iwdfrftand that Pofe jfty^ bad ocdcr'd bim ip,

fend him to Bfveuna.
Tbe Fifteenth is a Letter of Compliment to Teuthaldus, Bi'lhop of Ldngre:.
Tbe Sixteenth was direded wbolc Proino{iQii.
to Hfdulpbus SucceiTor to I>«<i«». Bilbpp of ii^wa,
to that Dignity he Coogtatuiatcs^ aod advenis'd bim dac be bid too saflily ExcDiuaniaiied Mm.

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of the Tenth Century of Chrijiiani^y, 35 .

of hii Ojocdsuu, iiinung witial tbtt be gave him bis advice as i Friend to a Friend, noc being wil* Fulcus
1^ 10 mUce nie of that Autborky and Pririledge wfakb the Cfaorcfa of Iffieim had iiromaU Amigai' ^fMijln^
ty. of facoaanog«tt tMi^wboimde their Apptt^^

W^migbc likewife to ibefc Letters joyo that of Mnicira Bifhop of Chdenty dirafted to Fulem^
and ptiblilh'd by Fatber MabiS4>n in ihe thin! Tome of hisColloflions, wherein be asks tbc Arch-
biHiop's Ad rice, bow be uugbc to bcbav c himfcit with rcUiiuo to a Priclt wbu was lolemnly bc-
trcjilu J (a.a Woman, and would matry \m pubUcUy.
In ihc itvctuh Chapter fMMrd[^k> of fefcnl Lencsiof Fii^, dicedBd to Abboci, and t» ff^eLetters
Plirtoos of Note. Fuicus
The firft was dircdcd
an Abbot called Stephen, wbombecpinfiiiaHpoBlBi hafiag been d^$QtbeA^
priv'd of a Bilhopt ick to which be had beeo eleiiicd. fit^
In {he tccood bereptor'/d B^iina Count of Flsmdtrs > for the many Injuries he offer'd to the
Ontf**^ of bis Country : and among otbers for baviog oaos'd a Priett to be wbip'd ; for having
tarn a out leveral Parochial Priefls oat of thdr Churches, in order to make rootn for others of his
awn cfaoofing * ibr haviof; onjuiily feiz'd apoa anfiftate which the Kom h^;^(lowVI oat|i|eCfanrch

he did not &nhwiib ndte jUttiiiuioa,

The tfatni jt^itreAed to^Ctetgy waA Ulny of
of iV^roni for having feiz'd upon a Monaflery, C^c. be ibreaien'd to mgofninuiucate Uaib inGlfil
letveoff his Cm^ies to the C|iniidi.
upon the Eledioa of « Bliop.
Tbc fourth to the Clergy o( Ldan upon the i'ime Subjcdl. 1

Tlie hfUi tft^ii^e Mooksjof C«rj^, whom bq (cvcieiy rcpcoves fpr their havii^ owlly cam'd aw !

their Abbot
Thcfc arc nil the Lrttcrs nf Fh'cw, whichare tncmion d in floJiarJ; the very Extradh of Which

(hew as, tku this Ai^Uibllhop wrote with a great deal ot Strength and Auiifpiity i Thli he was zes- i

ioaifiirtjb^ «(el^iie4if<bf Piiircb, (or the Dignity of Biihops, and ptrticalir^ Rigbn aad
tot the
Prerogatives of the Church of /^/;«»T!/. He was alfailmaied by ffiftcmire and others of Count

B^Uurmt Qfj^atures in ffac Year ooo, whi^ CotuK was ipcatt'id ^«ialt him lor haviog taken asvaf j

HER Vpy ^..^rchlnflHf «f Ehdms.
tllS SuccefTjr was one HfiJ^P'ET.'S, a yoang Lord belonging to Coart, and Nephew w„£j^y£
CouT)t Ht/rlhlJ. He was ordain'd bv the nnanimouiconfeniof all the Biflioos of the Pro- .. c . t

and gj
by bis good Nainrc, and by
the Zeal he expreffcd for the Welfare of the Church, and for Ecclclia-
Heil'Dircipl:n<r. He held feveral ProTjncial Councils, wherein he dilcoors'd veryufefiUly <tf
cioo and of the Peace both of Cfaorcb and State, and of tbc Converflon of ibe Narmarif, who

pout that time embrac'd the Cbrifliao Faith. It was for ibeir fakes that be (eot to Guy Archbilbop ~
of I(pm a Letter contaiaiog ihiee aad twenty Articles eztraded out of tbc Canons and Letters of
tibe ropes, abont the imnner of treating tbofe, who after they had been baptiz'd, bad apottatiz'd,
avid •fterward's cetnrn'd to the Church. In the Ye^r 909. he held a Council «
Trojfly (a. Village near TheCeimil

Soijfens) at which aiCfied the Arcbbifhop of /^ott, wMll^felQiops of Ldon, ieauvMii Noym Cht- f/Trofly
. ,

laiw, SoiJfoiUt darfr^r* MumK, SenlM^ Tf reuane and Amiaui in which » alter be had difcours'd at
lifttof die-filifirin under which FirMcrgroan'd, which be impated to tbeStns both of the Laity
tod tbe Clergy, he gave them very fine and large IndruvSions, grounded on feveral PalTages of the
iNdicn and Canoos of pqpnciis. 1. Coo^mhig the Hoooor and Refped due to Qmrchei and to
fbeleSaftkkx. i;Cbooera{rie tbeBoty and AUegiaQCe wUtb BtAopfandfeoctdSaftielcs (>«^*d tbtleir
Kin;, and concerning the Duties and C2^1ificatioos of a Prince. 3. Conccrnicg the Reforraition tjf
tbofe Abafes which were aept into iJie Mooaftick Lifi^aad pacricalarly cooccmiog the Abbeys v(hv^
^NwrepofTefi'dbyLatcks. It Watordain'dthai AbbeitAa«iM[1seRd%ioat?cHans. wellsKin^lothe
Regular Difctpline an^l that the Monks and Religious fhoold lire according to their Prpjellloa and

Raie,j)rajiog for the Welfare of Kiogf, for. the Peace of the KJfigdoiii^nd /or the Tranquility ofi the
themfelrca wfcb &wnlar Affiiili^.' wiAiMit boiitiAg' after Ae ^inps oil
this World, and without incroaching on theRighuand Privilcdges of Ecclefiafticki and that they :

tnigbt have no Excufe for,flruling', the Abbott were eoioyo'd, or at leatt thole wbo bad the Go-
eniment of MonaftericSln'tfi|rCare, to pratlde tben Neeeffiirfef.. 4. Agamft tfaol<; who either
ty violence, nr hy any o'herinethnd, ffiz'J on Church Lands which be lo 'k'd upon asiSicrilcge.

Aeainft tbolc whu citbcr.abus'd or pcrfecuicd tbe Clergy. 6. Againft ibiTe who would.oot pay
iHps. a^the other Revenues belonging to theChnrchT The Dory of Titbes reached Kot hofy

FrutB of thf Earth, and to the Breed of Cattle, but likewife to thofe things which were the
of a^Man s Indafti^ voA.^Jixm.
7, Coocarniog (he Rapines and Robberies (9 rife at that

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5^ ' A VeiP Ealefiajlical Hijlory
Hci vcus time. He detnonftrates the Eooraiiiy dymof, aod IhcWi ibe Obligation ihey lay un4er of tnaktng
Archhifhop Reftttarkm, before tbey amid exped'AblbliRicn. 8. Agtinft ftcaling yo»ng Vomen, and agiinit
9. Concerning ibe Prohibitions nrca'd (o often hy tbeCanons
l^':i;m'. cfandcltir.c or UDl»vvfuI
^*yy^ againlt Prie(ts having Women amongtt tbem. 10. Cuoceming ibc Cbaltuy ubicb all Cb(iftiaai
Ivere oMigVl to fMitte ia^heir Worcft and AAioni 1 1. Coacerning rbe CM>Hgaitoo of keepiog

flrlf'^IX tn the Oaths they tooki wiiboitt bcirp pcrjur d. ri. Apainft quairrllomc Pcrlons who took
delight in Law-Suii$ and vexatious Pr-jkcuiions. 13 Againlt Homicides ami I. yars. r4. Againft
the Abufc which then prevail'd of ri.'^Tg th; Goods of %hups after their Dtccale. Upun tbis be
advifes that two or three nf the nciphSouring Bifhops, npcn the N^w$ of the Death of ibeir Bro*
ther. flitjuki go ar<d periorm the Ult O/Ticcs over bini. In (Lc Ct>ncluf)'.n, be exhorted the fiiHu^
10 refute the Errors of Pbttm. Laftiy, Hefumsupin a few words what ChrittiaM poght w
lieve and pra(5lice, and exhorts ih>.in Ltilifally to Liikhjrpe their Duties.
TbeGomal In the Year 911. Hfvm held anoiiier Council at the Uire place, whrreln he took off the Ex-
cf TroU y cammairicatian iffinol out againft Cittiit BnthU, who had -feit'd apdb loiiie of ihe Cbocth Rcfe*

9*^* Tbis Arcbbilhop afiRfted CbMet Simple in his Expedirion againft t&e Wtmnt, whthravag'd JLtr-
Mtn, and was the only Man who conti^o(^d l.oya] to that Prince, when he- waj abandoo'd by the
frmcb LotAt. In the Year 9x0. he broqgbt him ff^ims^ and adjuitcd Maners betwixt him
and fail Lords, and f«*cAab1lArd hhifb bisKragdoih. Bar wtibtn a imrr rhne after the Lords re*
volted again, an J '.i.-jUg met at l^heims, they eictfled King I^bert, and U.-ivcm vi^as conftraiVd to
crown bim. He did not furvive tbis GmKUtioQ but four days, and dy'd in the Year 922. .having
prrltded over theChorcb of l^imt Two and twenty years hdting four day t.
Seulfus /v '^rf
. au 'ti Scuffw to he cleilc
i ii: his room, who was then Archdeacon of that Church. He
Artkbtflnf had been ibe Diidplc of J^nigr of Auxena, wbo bad in&ru^ed himinibe Sciences, both Divine and
Rhdmt. Pkoplaae. He was ordamM by Bidiopof S^^, and by theodier KHiopsof the FrothMeof
^Ki0is. Elides the Brother of JTcrvm, and a Nephew nf that Name, were cired before hhn, being
accQs'd of Dilkiyalty to B^ert i and tbey not joftifying tfaemtclTCSj were Rrip'd of all dlte Reve-
MKSof the Church of J^fanw their pofleflkm, md caft himWfen: the former in tbeCaaody of
l^thert Count of VermjnJoii ; and the latter at Pari. In a Provincial Cfnindl held in the Year Jlj.
he impos'd a Peonancc on tbofc who bad boniAnns in ihe War between Hubert and Chsrlti j and m
Mother Council held in the Year 914. at Trojlj, he pot an end to the DifFcrence which was betweea
Count Ifa^c and Stppbftt BiAop of Camhray ; the farmer paying an hundred pounds to the latter, for
the wrong be bad doneto hisCburcb. 'Tis iaid that Seulfm agreed with Hehrt to relign the Arch*
bilboprick totbeSoo of ibatConn; However the cafe was, S«»//«rdid not enjoy tUl IMjfai^
long, being prifon'd in the Year 915. by the order of Hehert t5 ir is fiipi oft d.
PicCsotly after bu dcaib that G>uni citne to I^lximt, and having calicd tiiubcr Ahho Biihopaf
Jl^wfinp ^^JS""t Smm Bifliop of Chalons, he caus'd bis Son Hi^h,who wu not then above live years old,

•f Khniro- ^ eleiStcd by the Clergy aod People of Hheinu. Afterwards he pnxQted the Confirmation of this
JEledtoo by Kir^ i{idu!fbui, wbo committed the TemporaJiries of tbis Oiocefs to Hehert, tWl his Son
came of Age to take upon bimfelf the Government thereof. The Spiritaalicies were conferr'd by Fope
,?«/m^ 00 Ahho fiiOtop of Soijfont, fo that Hi^rr became abfolute Mader of tbatCburch,anddiove
ooK^K art the Clergy whom be fuppos'd to be againft bit lotcrefis and among oibtrs Fkdmi, as

he htmfelf informs us.

the W0rx In the Year 917 Kingi{<d:H//i«s and Count Uthnt £eU ooi apoo the acaNtnt of liie £arldom of
httwtm L*m, which fMrrt woold have had given to bis Son O^, and which the King de&-'d to keep for
Hcbcrt bimrdf. H-k-rt willini;
r ) rely on a Power which might fl-pf orr h's ?. icni-ons
. , had an Interview
WRaduI- with Hriir; King pf Gtrm4>VAV^ ftruck up an Alliance with bim. He caus'd a Council to be aw>
l>N^ ^ ven'd the fame Year at nocwfthftandtng ifae ProSifaitioli of King HfJti.'^^ which coiiliftcd of
fix Bilhops of the Province c'f /^/.Wwj;; Afterwards be delivcr'd Clarlti th* Ssmpfe out of Prifoo,
brotu^ him to S. jj^inrtn, and procur'd an loienrtew betwceo bim aod S^/idulflm Duice of Ntf
ntmus i from whence he brought bim to H^uhmh and writ to Vbpe ftim X. for the feftabtiAtng of
that Prince. Tbis attempt obllg'd {{iduifh-js to quit the City of Lmu to Hehert, and ro adjurt Mat-
ters with him. I{4duhhut Duke of the Nsmianj would not reftore to Jfjlr/vr/ bis Son Od«, till
he' had fet ChMrUs at liberty, and pmmu^d toobey him. At tbe fame time Hdert invited 10 i^Armf
O.hfric ArcbhifTiop of Aix, vsho bad bcenturn'd out af bis Church by the Straeert. that he might
there diichatgc his Epiicopal Fundioos; and to rcvkaid h'.m, he gave himthe Abby of S-Ttmctbugt
with the Revenue of a IPrebead.

France was then as it were parted between ihe great I.nrds , and tlie Regal Auihori v wis ex-
fftfiacc. fcamly ciamp'd. Hugh the White, Couiuof P*t»^ and Hehert^ were twy of the molt puAcrfol;
J(fdu!pLui hid the Title of King, and that little of tVc Regal ^hority which remainU For Cb^rto
was t^'- 'pnrt and paftime of all three. A? foon as Heltrt was rtcnncird 10 R^!i!:i!j>'.ui , he threw
Charles again into Prifon ; and B^idulflm afterwards returnirg to I{heivis, gave him a fireming fort
of Liberty, which he did hot long eiijqyi dying on tjie Seventh of OTloher in the Year 919. Af-
ter his Death Hr/gA and /ifisrf fell out, rhe Umbrage of which quarrel was. that tijc Latte r had

Artaldus given Entertainment to feveral Vaffals belonging to the former,and among ot'cers to Her'utn Couot
Archtnfhop "f Manfireuil. f{adu!fbu$ fided with hi* Brother-in-law //w^A and there was a warm War betwceo
tf Rbtims. ibcm : bat ^fJbilfhm bating uken the Ci^ty of l^ttims io Uie Year 93 r. aitt'd ArtMldm^ a Mmk

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of the Tenth Century of Cbiriftiadty. 37
cf f. ttgmft to be ordain'd Archbilbop «f d» place, who the jretr •fier racrivVi the Fill from Pope Artaldus
John XI: This Archbifhop held a Council in ihe Year 934. at Chjetcju-lhicrry, where he ordain'd ^^cbbi^p
Htldegarim Bilhop of BcauvMH ; and in the (ame year he ordain'd tuthtn Bilhop of Cambrtj. The "/RhcuM*
ytat •fier he held anoihcr Council at Fifmtt^ wherein he Excommuflicated iholir w'ao had made an ''"V^
unlawful Scilurc on the Revenue of the Church. King H^uifkni being dead, Hugh the il%te
recall'd uut ot England Lcitk, Chsrlei the Simple's Son, call'd upon that account Lemii dOutremer^
and caus'd him to'be crown'd at Lmh hj Aruldus Archbilbop of Hjpeimt, who continued in the
peaceable polfcllion of his Archbiftioprick for fome time, and ordain d Bithops in all the Churches
of his Province, except Chi'.mtind Amiens, fiu: Htbtrt would not endure thar any other but him*
felf Ijjould be in the pofleifion of fo conliderablea Poft, and thereupon lent Icvcral of his TrooM*
lo take and riHe the Caliles and ViUagcs which bclong'd to the Archbdbuprtck of J{heimj. Arttldm
for this Excommunicated him. King Levi to make him amends tur the LolTet he fultain'd^ranc-
cd him the Earldom of I{heims, and tite Priviledgeof the Mint, and alfiited hhn in taking levrral
Catties which were held out by t\je Troops of HeUrt. fortue did ooc ioog £ifour ArtMldui ; for
entriogiaio anew League with ffewr(againikjL«v*W*Oi«rrv«rr> ihey came with fVttlUm
Duke of NormMnJy, -beliegd theCky of ({beimj, became Matters of it at me end of fix days, and
caitt'd ^r/4/'d!iiiico«ppcar in the Church of S.i^ci», b the prefence of kteral Lords «od fitOoni
ud oM^M him to mtkea Refignatioa of his Attnbilhoprick, and to cooteoc hmfilf with the Ab-
beys of S. Ba:^9l and Avttuty, into the former of wbicli he rctir'd, after he had govcrn'd the
Chnrchof l(j!wi'Mffur the Aiace of £ight years and feven months. Hujih the Soq o( ikhertf was
replacd in p fegibB thereof and was ordain'd Prieft by Oiq Biibopof Stt ffont, thrtt Moothi after
liis tecum, and fifteen Years after his firft Elcifbion. He had fpcnt this Interval of Time at >f«jcfrrf,

wh*c he had folio w'd his Studies under G17 Biibop of thai City, who had ordain d him Deacoo i
for he had reeeiv'd tns odierOrden at t^eimt from the Hand 6tAU» BUbop of Smffmu.
The next Year, BatneJy 941. the rwe Counts Hehert and Hugh conven'J the Bidiops of the Pro- TheCtmcit
- rioce of l{beimj at Soijfom, and enter d into a Cooliiluiioo of ordainios Hugh ti\c Son of Jietttrt of Rhdos

ArchbiflK^ of Hjteimt. The Drpvnrt of the Oergy aod Laky of l^tSm met thetcaod demand- WtheJk-
edthat he tnighr he ordain'd, aOcrting that ^r/4/ii//nad not been Elc<fJcd according to the Canon,
but intruded by Force i aod that he had gi»eo up all the Title he could claim to that ArLtibilhop- ArtaHas
rick. Upon thn Renooftnooe^ the BiAops re(bl v'd uoon ordaining aod immedutely fet out
for Hlvims for that purpofe. Arts!Jus was already withdrawn to Lerrv d Oummcr : but that PriOGB ifa -u*
haring been defeated in the Year 941. near L*«, Artsldut wisycty lutky in reconciling himlelf
with Hugh the White and Hthert, in re-entriog into the PoflelTion of his Abbeys , and in making a
League with hJugh Arrhbilhop of l^hehnsj who fooo after receif'd the Pall that was fcot him by
"Pope StephtHVUl. Notwithrtanding this League, Antidiis nKUta'd lo Lettu d Outremer. In the
mean time ff;^frr dying in 943. Ltipi was perfwaded by Hugh the ff^itt to entertain the Sons of
this Count, and alio to leave Hugh in pofleinon of tbe Archbiiboprick of i^Wm/. upon condition
that they reflor'd to vfrr^tfi bis Abbeys, give btm another Bilhoprick. and grant that bis Kinfmea
Ihourd retain the Monours they bad obtaio'd. This Treaty was not long kept; for Hugh the ff^Uft
and Lemu tfOutremer Warring againt^ each other, the larcer laid Siege iwice t0.the.Ciiy 9f l(peim$,
and tbe fecond time having chas'daway Hugh Arcbbilbopof Idximj, he cnter'dtbe City, and r«-
eltablifljcj Aruldus, who was replac'd in his See in tbe Year 946. by tbe Arcbbifliops of Trtvej and

MtftHce. Tbe Cinircb of Aminu becoming Vacant tbe year after, Hiqb ordaiiui Jetkold Arch-
deacon of iciffms Bilhop thereof, wbkb oecafion'd t'TfM which wa* braogbe belore. an Aflenblf
of Bilhops and Lords, held near the River Cher. Tbie Affair was not bronght to any llfae at that
j>lacc, bat pat off to Notmdnr. In tbe mean time ArtsUat was Icli in pofleiJioo of ibc i^rcbbilhop-
ricfc of J^^mrf and Hugh pet rohted ito ftay at Mim(m.

A Council was call d and held at Verdun wherein wel» Ughrt Arcbbiflioy of Tnmh Arta!dus ToiCitrndl

Arcbbilhop of f^imst Odskie Arcbbifhop of Aix^ AdaUierm KAop of hitt$,G9\^i» fiifeop of Tu^c. of Verdaa
tUldthU Bilhop of the Vfpn I{bine, in tbe prefeoce of 9nm an Abbot* Iqoiber io Kipf Otbo, and*
of the Abbots Agenddznd Oish. huf_h was cited tbiiber by two Bilhapk b^t WMU OOK apfcar. The
Syood adjudg'd iheArcbbilbops ofi(/»iiRitobelongto /fri«/</Hr.
Another ^ondT w« calfd hi fmmtrj following upon tbe fame Sobjea, and held in tbe Cborcbof rheCmdl
S Pc'rr. near to M^ti^'n. Tbey met at the limt; appointed, and Hugh made bis appearance, fiat of MdkmM
after be bad difcours'd with f(^rt Archbilbop of Treves, he withdiew, and only caui d a Letter to
beprel^qtcdbyoneofbSsCtergy, which wasbroitgbt from/^>iM, and writ in tbe name of Pope
^^4/e/w,wbcrein it was order'd that Hffffcfhouldbcre-eftablilh'd in tbeArchbilhoprick o\ H^irirm.'Vhi
Bilhops baring read the Letter, alledg'fl that it would not be reafonabic to luperfede tbe ExLtutton of
the Orders which they bad rectv'd from the Holy See, opon the account of a Letter prcfenicd by the'
Enemy of Artafdm, and after they bad read tbe nineteentb Chapter of the Council o( Carthage con-
cerning tbe Accufcr and the Acculird, they adjodg'd Artaldm 10 have continued in the Cummooioo
of (be Church, and in pofledion of tbe ArcbbUbopridtofi^^awMf ; and that Hugk who bad been
alreac'y fuxmonM before two Synods, without appearu^ eitber » Mtghc ,10 be dfBfiy'ct of the
Communion and Government of that Church, till fodi time as be fhoutd dear bimietf in a General
Coaocit. This Sentence they notified to Hz/^/a wbo for his part declar'd, that ho vvuu J no: fubm;:

to it. In tbe mean time Artaldm having appeal'd to tbe Autboriiy of the Holy Sec, Pope Aga^tm
feat Bilhop Marmm hu Vicar to Kifg Othe, that he migbi caU t Ccwral Synod, to pais a dcioiriM

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^6 jl.Ne» Ecclejiajlkal Biftory \

The Ctantil Ii WM ieUf tK K^Mw the levcBtii of fmm in the Yctr Mawft/ the Pope $ Lrgat wu. tks
oflngcl- Prcfidebt thereof,and the Archbifhop of C»/(S»e , Mtjtnct , Treva and IlAmbcw^l his AififtMO^

hcimm/rf- y^jt^, (]j antj twenty Biflwps C*riJ«4»r, u iUxxu reckoniog ArtaUus Arcfibjtiiop of I(l»eimi , upoo
.'^ wbofe acooom the Af&mbif'mcc. The King* Otbc and L^trir d Outrcmer w-trc likewUe prclent.
r'^l^j^TlwIattcrmadehisCompIiinisagairUt the Rebellion of Hi/g/' i and afterwards -^'/vi fufcntcd
''^'^ bit Petition 10 the Popes Legat and the Synod, wherein bp gave a Remonltrincc ci tii Loutcins,

which was as follows. Jljdt after the deMtb ^ HeneaSt ScuUm ipho l:4d l/een put up in fltett
dtcbr'd btmfeif dgainif the KjnJred of hit PreJneJf*r ; and t}>4t be might gain hti point, he erJer'd in-
to a Confeirracy tnth Count Hcbcrc, who c*il tbem into Priftn, trlxre tlxy mere confind tii ti>e dt-ub
ef Kjng Robert. That Sculfus dftnj^ in tbt tbird year cf bu Pontificate, I'fing payfcu'd ( atfivnal attc
fieri] by Hci-rrt J Creatures, that Count fti:(do*tbe Church of Rhetms, and tern tn p-ffcjfun threof for

the Jpace cf fxyaxis hy the permijjian ef Kji^ Radulpbas. But that afterwxrdl thut KJit^ bting mov'4
by the I{emonflranccs the Bifittpi, wb» amfUim'd tbst tbot Cbureb wm leftfo Img mi t bout a Pafter,
after he had nude himftlf KUfier tf Rixiim, bad ctuu'd him to he ordain d by eighteen Biflicps. That
M m
be btd dtfchtrgd the Rpifcopal F Si i fer nine years together, ordhnd eij^bt Bifh^ps. 4nd a great ma-
npCleri($t and cremn'd l^ing Lewis and Queen Grrberga. But that Count Hugh bong inceus d agan^
bim, ^eau/e be aroald m* jigm in bi /<«w/r againlt tbt ICAV* bad fore d him, jfter he bad takgn tbt Ci-
ty <f Rbehns. to reftfn bi Jhthbifhoprick^ badfent Irim Mf» tbt Mtuaftery of S. BazoJ, and bad fm uf
:o hs place Hugh, Count Hcbcrt'/ Son, who ba4been ordain'd Deacon at Auxcrre. Th^t aftttwaxdtbt
eaSda Srntid at Soiffons, wbgrtin a Brtf^al atai modi H htm f ftmtt the Or4tnatim ^ Hufb. Tlia$
be inontdiate ly opposdit, and bad dtdm-'d thnm BiuMmumkattdwbt fhould ordain anytther ^rcUiJhip
ef Rbeims wbiUt he was living, and him wIm fkouid accept of fuch Ordinal an.
ant 4 fbeir bands, be bad dtfir'dtbtmj tbat tbty meuld kt htm go to mk, advite
Frhndt. mbatbfMgbut dt, mdfbatikaymMfiiiifm$h^Aagmhbbimtali!imi^
T'^jc aftertfardi, to get

tbt Q^fHi bit^

f(nt irithl'irr} Br/?-9/> Deroldiis. to wham, in the prefentttf thtQlietn, he gave tin Anfwer That hs

Excommunicated the Bijhops who fhtuld dart to ordain Mttbtr in bi fiaet » repeating tbt Protejlatim
tt bad fmutrfynudt Mdt^ My Tbat mtbtm
of appealing to tie Blip Set. That mitbtue Maf tanenm'd at mt
Uing tanetm'd tU Dtnitatitttiei
feme ef thefe Bifhepi went to Rheims to ordain Hugh. Th-it fnm that time Kjn^ Lewis prcvtn'^ un-
fuecefifult bt bad been obligd to wander from place to place like a yagahond ; and tkit afiervardt Jtvtral
tfbti ftitmlt bad irroHgbt bim byfirct to tbtCanti Hugh the White and Hebcrt. mho bavii^ bim itt
their p<yTer, amflraiu'd I Im to refi^ the Revenues ff hti Church, and ftnt into the hionafU^
5. fiazol. That being informed tbat they defigm'd to awai with iiim, Ix fed to Laoo. That Jinet
tbat, Kjff^ Otho came in to tbt affiftance of Kjng Lewis, hadturn'd Hu^h cut cf tl* Arddifltaprick, tf
Rbcitns, and re-ef.ahtipjd him thtrein. That Hugh retir'd to the Cafite f/McjU/on: in ti'cC'-n-
fercnce U'J upon the I^verCbcr, where he ttta prrfent with Hugh, hn JjfaJr ttai there Ja>j:ed irtore
the B;fh p! then prefent. That Hugh had there produc d a Letter writ to tbe PoftUt bit name, trijo e-
by he drfirdto hedifchargdfrem bis ArMi/boprttk, ipbiebbe bad maiatatnd wot counterfeit. .That
the Favour ites of Hugh havtng aBedg'd that an Affaif ef ibat Imftrtanee eeuU mt be determin'd in that
Jtfimbfy, beaufe ittfotnot a Synod eanccated according ttftnm, tbep bad put it iff to Koveiubi r
mnreum Synod mntabtiiidi mtdtbatintbtmaam tim itmat ankr% tbathtfimfd have the Go*
{crmnMr tbt Cbimeb ifRtMftm, mti Hagk m atm'd ttfiaj st MotzniB. Tmt Hugh eamt tn the
Seafin efP^tnta^e with Count Thib/)Id, to cjrjy tff aS tlx limine round about the City o/'Rheitns.
ibt Spned badbeembeidat Ycrdan at apptimed, »«iw«&H{u^ was ditdt ^ That
be iponld met tiu^ his
Apftaranct.^iiorttanetbm'beUtfhritiatdimmrlAtmiaamt iiimh bt4 f^d m Semtmee al/c/uteiy in his
fai : .r. But that Hiipli baf-ii.^ ii::Uxr'd tbjt bt Would mt fitfmit t» mt StMence, and rcniuimt.i^ jtiS
at Motizoo, he badfent to Rocnc by tbt Ambt^'ad»t ^ J^^fK-Oiho a Faitittp ceneaining its Com-
fiaimt s tbat bt tjcpeaed the Iffue of from thf^ntlm if tbt Ifyly Sit, and tbt Detttminatitn of rfc
CmmeiL This Petition o( Artatdus having been read in Latin and in the old TtutOHtck. Lar g i.:^^^,
Sig^Mus a Clerk beloogiog to enter 'd». prelected to tbe CouacU fbe tmer which ha J L Jca
broogbr fina ^fme, mti wbkh h^httn aMuf pradwfii bafote the CDvacit of Meti:^on and a- ,

OiKb'd tbat it had bern gi»cn bim by the Lcf^ai M.n inuj then prefent. It u written in thr name
of Gigf BiAop of Soiffons, Hildegaire Mhop ot Btaui^an, aiid of all the other B:i}iofS ot the Province
of J^Mv, whodefir'd tbe re*eMabiiAineaKef Hi^hutd tbe Exputfioaof Artaldnt. When ibis Let-
ter had been read, the Bifhops therein naeatioo'd did declare that it was Ccumerfeit, if <r tiuy

bad never heard the ieait tnenttoo of any facb thing, nor gave ibcir Conlctu that iudi a Rccjucit
Ibonld be niade in tbeir Names. Upon tbia their Oedararion tbii Deacon was depos'd as an Im*
poftor and Calumniator ;and in the fame Scflnin Artaldus was confirm'd in the Art hKil7i( j.' k of
^^ttims. In the lecond iklTioa Hffbort AtcbbiSbnip oi Treves alledg'd.thai lincethey ijaJ re cr:.:l;liih (l
Artalduj as lawful ArcbUlliap<if lif^itaik kwmwtqtUke to condemn ibe iDtrocler. Kh>
thetn the Council ought to proDoonce > Seaccoce agreeabte to the Canoo i and after rhe IX cn esuf
ibe Pope's touching this Subjed^ were read, tbe Bifliops dedard Hugh to be ExcunimufKj 'J and
CbraWnoatof tbe Church, till facfarioMM fasllKMM do Pcnnance /(jr his Fault. In ihc oiJkt Sef-
fioos tbey debated on feveral MaaMbta^ariCfaMcll Oitciflme » uAali ibe of ibU Council
•le redoc'd into Ten Canool.

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df the Tcath Century itf Chhftianuy.

Tbelecood, tbtKefealaataiof AruUui, and the ExcoajtiuiQicauoo of tfcofe, mba wck ot'TbeCtu^
diio'd bj Huibf unlets ib^ llioutd Appear bc£ve Symd lo be kid 'Iir0vuji^tmUr t %^m»ke u ^}'^
Samf«(3Lioo, and to icccift famaot for ¥ilnt tin hid doM. "^'""^
The third iaflii3s (be fiiM htaiOilMitt OQ Cook th$ HM MSM
ibr hanoc tnrii'don
-v—a ,f
Biftopof Lm«
. .

Tk fbnnb prolnbla the Ltiqr fram beftowing Cfmidiei on Priefti^ or from tucni^ ibem out ut ^-^''V^
'flKmwufaout the Approbation of tbe Bilhop.
Tbe fifth is fgaiatt xbok who aba(c (be Pri<:its. or do them any wrong.
* In the fiztb, it itorder'd tbattbe iiriiote&;/f«>-Veek, and die Mmi^^ 1*ttf(Uy^ and Wtintfiay
after HlntfundAy fliOvild be kept as Feftivals, as well as the L^rJ's Day.
lathe feventb, it is order (1 tb«i in (be Gntn4 iiiaoy (which ii on S. hUakf d^y) a Faft Ibail be
krpt as b (be /^o^ii/oif Week odore cbe
The tigbib importttbtt cfael«idkilliQdkl|iaveiioftaKof die Otfbkgp wbicb db. Faitl|f<tf 9^
fer'd on the Altar.
Tbe Hindi, dni ibcCogoizaade of aO DiflcKMCS abi»c Ibauld be brought before the £il-
The and laft Canon is icn^rfcd, and one cannot wen codiprebcQd tbe meaniag thereof
Tbere mcntioo oude of Vido«^ dedicated to tbe Service of God.

by ConM</ Duke of Lonain, rctock Mcu:^on, Mon-ThtCoumt

After this Council Lfsr// i/O.vfrfwifr aifiltcd
tdgue tod Lacn, and the B:(hops being met at Jyt?it{o*, Excommunicated Count Thii/old, and ciKd'/WouiOO.
Count HHg/>ri&rf^%/f to appear before the ^QOd lobe bcid at Tretwi. In this Aflembly, Giq ii-
fliop of StiSm» wbo had oid^'d w^ii w
L$mit, Knf
lojiM bifa &ut^ u^
* '
fanion. ,
' '•
' •

^r/4/iw« when be departed Iran £4M^e«uo^m»WK^ of Stijfonj, Jffiiifki^^

fhopof Loom, and H'lckfrcy o( TerreuMne, whcreiDeymet wi'tb lAnrimu the Popes Legar, and Ho- _
bert Ardjbifbop of Trevej, who waited for tbeir coming, wihout whom there would not have been a-
ay other Bifijop of G^rM^i^' and Lorrain. Marinui asked ArtalJus and chc rcii. of tbe fiitbops, how
^ah$be iVhitehud brfaav'd himtcif fince the la^t Synod, ant] whether tbeLetius which cited him
before (be Synod had been delivered to him. They rcpIy'd/Thathe ftill perii^cd in bis Rebellion
•od Robberies ; that one of their Letters had been dclivcr'd xp \im» and tu|tile,0|l^r bad been in-
'terapted by bis Party. Upisn this Reply, It was asked wlethe'r tov w«a come on his behalf OM
and none appearing, the AfTcmbly was adjoarn'd till the morrow. On
that day there appear 'd no
Depmy in behalf of Count Hug/> i and tho' tbe Qergy and Noblefi cry'd out, that he ought tp jfe
Exoommnnicated « dia( wi|^ jmu off to tbe third day. In thj; jnean tione they coofutted about
'tbe Affair of die BSIho^ Wbo fiad been dwdlwfbretliB Synod, or wbo bad any band in the Ordina-
tion of Hw^/j. TLe B;f];op of SoiffcmhcggA Pardon and obtained it; the Biilhop of Jtrouant wff
fomxd to have no hand in tbe Ordiaatiooi and ibe Bifliop of fiejm was ezciu'd bf realbo of 1^
Scd^iieft- Ob tlie'tUrd day Hi^b tht ff^ikt wm SnBtemmumiiM till time u be floutd come
and ask the Legal and the Bifhops Pardon for what be bad done: and in cale he fliould defer that,
bf ayoiy n'd him to go to /^om« for AbUblutioo, There were likewile two fiiQiDn Rf^«««nTitBtTmii
dbo wcft ordaVd by Hugh, tbe «ae of Amiiu, the other of Smfii t and t Cle» wbo bad inftitued
and inducted the Latter, hilitgduruj Bilhop of Beiutvtis was cited before Mjrinus, or to I^me, for
afllfting at their Ordination: and lafily, the yoan^ CotitK Hehert, firochcx to H/^b, was Ukeyi^
fonunott'd to make SatidiwSioo for the wrooe be ted done t^ BSftopt. Ail tbete oingi weretvanf-
at^ed in the Year 948. and from that lime forward Analdus rctnain'd in poflelHon of tbe Arcb-
bilhop of J{beims. which was inade fore to bioi by the Peace concluded between Lewit ttOutrmtr
and Htt^b the fVbite in tbe Year 951. lb tbe (atne Year this Arcbbilbqp held a Coundi of five K*
ihops at S. Thimj^ wbcreiii.he£amni9U6pcdCoiiK J^^W^ ieis'dapaAibe f^cfowt
ib««iU(Hdying the lad day of At^uU in the Year 967.
he bad been Archbilbop of H^iau
after '^^'^ ^
thirty years, fcvcral Biihops propos'd tbe Re-eftablilbing H<gj&. The Affair was debated in a Coun- "/Art a
dl held m a ViJiagc of the Diocei's of Meaux upon tbe River Marne, conGfling of Thirteen BiHiopl of
tbe Provinces of l^inu and Sent. The Biihops of Lam and Chaltiu very ftroqgly oppet'd his Re
ilitocion,and tbe Cafe was rcferr'd to tbe Arbitration of his Holinels. He gave them to underftaod
by Brum Hugb bad been Rejeded and Excommunicated by the Coujf-
Archbifliop of Cologne, that
dls of /^oNw and Pavia, and that there was no thinking ofhioi ag^. Whereupon they elcj^ed <•
,Clerk of tbe Church of l^it^j uU'd Odalric, tbe Son of a Caont nam'd Hugh, who was fupported odalric
.by King Lotbari$Uy by the .Qgeeo- Mother, and by Brtmo. He eajoy'd the Archbilhopf ick very Archbijhop
jeeeeably for the fpace of Seven years, and dy'd in the Year 968. His Sucoeflbr was drfafcriii or cf Rhcims*
A&irom, Brotberof Coaat^a)7, who govcfii'd.tbe.Gbarc|^ M
i^'flu fpr Nincsecn years , widi a Adalbqron
great deal of Pradence and Candor. Under bis Sp0cabaCf a Cooadl was heU ac I(bt$m in tiy ArcbbtflM}
Year 97 j. whereof Sttfben Deacon of >fPopePej^'d
Pope Vn. was Prefideor. In this Coandl T^vl^^Hbdim.
BsoonnginMcated for baviBgnoIawli^Iy (eizd onp tfa^C^jvird) Ami^ In the Year 97$.
,lie bdd aooAir ODondl at Sk. Mb7*s Moitni; vlfqeran oie pnOTV a Ranficatioo of aa Order he had

made, of patting Monks into the Mooafteryof S. Mm^on inftcad of Canons who were tbere: Af- Amnlphns
icr tbedeatb of tbia Ardibiflitipi Otab Csftt laid hold on this o£ Vllpng into h« iMe^ ^J'}J"l^.
dl i*m>//&Mi tfaeByfaKdBqo^Wflr CMtMe of Imnii^^iki lift;«^fb« C/<v^<m«» R«««.'^

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4-0 Eccle/ta/lkal Hijlmy
Aroufplius Clerk of tbe Church of L^m, hy procuring him to be elet^ed ArcbbiOiop of 1^^ In xht Y«e

Jtrebbf^ 989. who immevliately took of him mOath of Fidcliry. B within fix Months after bis being ia

<^Rheiin&. pQ^'e^Hon of ihe AicbbiQiopnck oi i{betms, bis Brother Cbarui was iniroduc'd into that Citj, and
becune Mafter of it by meaos of a Prieft oam'd Addlgtr. Which wubioiigbt about, as 'tis fup-
pos'd, by the Intelligence be had from the Arcbbiibop, who however was carry 'd by bis firotber 10
Lusn, aod calt into Prifon for forms (alee. Anudflm cotwitbXtanding ilfucd out a Sentence of £x-
commuokatioo agaioft rbole wbo had made an UDlawfitl Seizure of tbe Revenues of ihc Cburdi
of /^^imj; and (be fiifiioiiaof tbeproviDCe met atini/v, and palled a Decree againft Ad^mr^
whereby tbey Excomaiunicated htm and aH others who bad any lund io tbe Usurpation made npoa
tbe Churches of /(/wi'mj and Lmn, This Excommunicatioa was fent to all tbe Bi(bops and Cum-
plainis were made 10 the Holy See^ who took ptrt with Armilfbm. But Hugh Cafet, wbo bad al-
ways fnfpeded Ini Treachery, biTiag dtlboverM that hit Safpfcfcn was not groundleis, and that be
was in thclntcrcfti of his Brother, wroie again fl him to Pope Jofen XV. andcanrii :hL BI^^, s of
the Province of I^im to write to him likcwife, wbo aocus'd AnmlfbHtf and dcfu-'d be might be
Cbademn'd. Afer this Hu^h becoioing Mafter of the Cfty of luun. ini havfaig Cbtrks CSftodjr, m
proceed againd hitn.
TfxCouncU^ tooy: Arnu'fhvi, anJ brought hire to I{beimi, where be cali'd a Council to
o/Rheims It conMed of &a Sufiiragam of the Arcbbilhofirick of ithtnu, vu. Guy BiQiop of Seiffotu, AtUihtrm
dtmS diLtmy HmmvS Btmmm, Gtt^mmni Jaunu, RMoitcXM<t;on, and BudntaSm^i befidci
AfOiFphui thrm were Drbert Archbifhop of fij^m'n Arcbbilhop of Sem, Giu:!tT B:!l; p nf Avryu, Brw
m of Lmnrts, MHo of M*fcm, aod Hebert of Auxtne, with feveral
Artuiiphiu Bt(hop of Or/e«M/,
Abhoit elKferal IMoceflb. Sigmin was Prefidcnt tbemf, nd ArnuffliM of Orleane* Prolocutor.
In the firftSeffion held tbe fixtcenib offutte io the Church ufBj^at, Armlpbm Arcfabilbop u(l{btims
was acctts'd for having betray 'd bis TroA to King Hmb, and being tbe chief Caufc of the taking
that Giey, Sijg^^ kfdkMopvf Stm, alledgfd that he wonid not permit a Procels to be made 00
thisCbarge» tSl he was fare that .frnulphtu Iboold not be put to Death in cafe he waeConvidi-d of
High Treafoo ; aod moreover cued the Thirty firft Chapter of the Council of TsUJi, which imports
dMtftlhops fluff IMC proceed to tbe Determinatioa of fucbMltiers, till tbey had engag'd tbe Prin*
CCS upon Oath to remit the PnnifTimeniof iheOfFendcrs. Hervevs fltew'd that it would be of worlc
confcquence if ibc Prince fhould take oogoizance of the Cafe, and depKve tbe Bifliops of the right
of doing it. Brutu declared that be tnt ault concern d in this Affair ; that upon tbe account of bit
being a Rertincr to rhr King Lotharius bis Utic!c,he bad engag'd himfc'! f jr the- F;Jc!ity of .^^r.u'pf^'.u,
that he might be made Archbifhop of Bjjeimj, in hopes that be would not let bun lurftf any prejudicx
for this Adf of Kindne6: That Amulphuj was fo far from nuking his doe acknowledgoMmSi that
be bad began to perfecute his Friends, and had put him in danger of his Life that he bad to no pof*

po& warranted that he would not break the Oath of Fidelity which he bad takca to King Hugh i
tbftcdeie watfeffideot Evidence of bis Treachery, becaafe tbe Authors of that Rcbelliofl were bit
Dioft iottmate Friends, and fucb as he efteem'd very ht^ily. As to that which was alledg'd, ih|k
care ought to be taken that tbe Offender (hould liot low hit Life ; he aofwer'd, that there wai 00
need to fear any fuch thing under inces fo merciful as theirs were ; but that it was more to be
few'd, whilft tfaevendc&vottr*d aficr the Safety of ooe Man . that the whole £cckfiaftica| Order

wotddbeczpiitVItodflftger. AtliftitwatconcfnM, tbaz tbe'Mieft «te bad d^mt^d up tbe

Cares of the City to Duke C&tr/M, (hould he brought in. Whilfl they ftaid for Li Lomirg, ;hey

read over the Oadi of Pideliiy which Arnuifbus hud taken to Ka^ Utg^b aod King I^m, After*
wardf the Frieft raaiTd AidUgir appearing, ilecibir*d tNc it wai Armt^t who gave him die Keyt
of ibe City Gites, with orders rn deliver them up to Duke Ctjr'fj. After this Evidence was given,
they read the Decree which Arnulfbut bad made agaioit tbofe wbo made ao uoiawfol Seaore of the
Rcfeiwe ofdie ChbftA of ^imi, which prov'd tut Umfelf wu BxeMw&aiiieMed Jsecaaie be wa«
tbe Aarhor of th.iT Drprcdatrcn, and went fharcs with ihofc wbo committed it. To this was joyn'd
the ^tence ol the BUhops of tbe Province of I^imt, pab'd at Senli much about the time wbcreta
ibey bq^ to fufped ArmJpbuj of Treafoo. Aitei' the reading of tbeiie Papera and tbtf Ciiion»
tbe Council of Cart h-^^.' Jgainft PerfcrfS Fxcommonicatcd whn partake of the Sacrament.and agalnft
fiilhops who do any thing contrary to tbe Oatb which they have taken in their Ordinatton,Ieave wai
given to all who were minded to vindicate Anmlfbuj, to fay freely what they could in his bebalC
The ClfrgY of bts nvrn Church would ncirhcr arcufe ror defend hitn : But JobmSchn'affi'cut of Atf
xerrtf Hfnulfbui Abbot of Sens, and j^bba Sapcrior of tbe Monaltery of FUmrj, oodcnook to de-
fend bin, «na prodoc'd a great many PaAges enraded out of tbe falfe Decretals of the Aocienit
Poprf, to prove that /frTOTjofcw ought rn be re-rftablifht before they proceeded to judge htm ; and
that tbey might not judge btm till be bad been cited feveral times, and tbe Holy Sec made acquaint-
ed with the Bufineft. It was aiifweT*d them tJut he bad IbCcieot Notice g v^ n h m That tbey ought

Dot to re'Cftabii/h him till he had receiv 'd fuq^ a Senienrc as declar'd hrm .^blolv'd fince he had Ivcn
already Coodema'd ; "DiaiHihbmdtre hilhoy, q\ BeAuvaUf And Abba Archbifhop of Hlx
whh the dime Crime at ArmMut wai, bad hcen fbdg'd by tbe Synods of the Province ; That tbe
Holy See had been already infotm'd of this Affair by the Leners of King Hugh, and of the BiOiopa
of theProviaoe of J^Avmu, which had beco carry'd to J(amr by Deputies, which the Pope at firft had
pretty well eatettamM : Im that fioceCooot HrArrf had ptefented his Holineii with a line white
Steed aad (everal other thtogt, he deny'd to give them any further Audience. Tbe Deputies which
Bftep Srm* had teat to t(gm for bis Releafinent, added, ttet having requcftcd the Fbpe to Aaathe-

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of the Tenth Century of Chrijlianity^ 41
rnvoA tbofc wbo were guUiy ofCooHBcment, tlx Clerks of the Pope bad deaaaaded Money of Tbe Cmcii
thcnforKi aiKltbatueyittbciDgwilliagtogtvedieinuiyaotbictocoiuu, the Pope had tddofRheinis
ihcm aJ bis final Anfwer, Tbti the Perfon for whom be bad been Apprehended might releafe him, li'i'n/iAr.
ifbe tbougb( nt : from whence they concluded, that ihcHoly Sec did noi binder tbcm from proceed- ""^pbMfc
ilf ttpmibe Spot 10 the Judgaie9t and Deiermiaation of due Affair. Bat they carried the Point ^''^^^
bigber yet, and Jmtdflm Bi(hop of OrUtiu remooftraicd. (btc they might go on in the Trial, with-
out waiciflg for what J^mm Ibould lay in the Cafe And after be bad made ProtdUtioo that ail
dae Refpe^ oogbt to be paid to the Holy See and iu Dedfion^ witlmK ofleriag prejodiceio tittCa-
noos of ibe Councils ; be gave them to noderftand that there are two things of whicb great care
oogbt to be ukeo> which were not to permit ibat the Silence, or the new Lam or Inftitutions of the
PopeSt be any jMCindice to ibe Aociem Laws of the Charch: Becaufe this would be to overthrow ail
order, and to make every ihiog depend onthe Will and Piealiire of one fiogle Mao. That this did
not derogate any tiung of the Privileges of the Pmtiftx hiMximiui becaolc if the fiiAop of -^gmt
were a Man of Worth for bit Learning and his Piety, there was no fear of bis Silence, or of bis Ihh.
liri«§ the CooAitutiQis of the Church. That if on iJw coommi^ cidwr M«t«fUpMt«iitf, or Fewy
erKflion. he (faeiildfvNmifraaajDAicc, UsStlrnceaadbiiBew Dccie(»vm«d»leitDliclcic*ds
becaole be who ads contrary to ibe Laws, cannot prejudice the Laws. From ibence be took atftc-
fsficniolmcKtheiad £ikatcof the Church of Md§M(4t>ncf *tami of ihc Popes Iram
QS#iiftM to StK^titf Mid teWdlrit iUoncMe of ibeif Imiubuiiicik He ednd wbiiliei Biflkipi,
rKJtcd for their SamStiry and Picry, were oblig'd 10 fubmit tbemfelves blindly to fuch Infamous Mon-
tuut, who hid bo Lc«tMitt» oeithec Oivioe aor Proftbaoe. He canpUin'd that ibey Ihould advaocx
le ihe Mgiwft Pelt eff the Owdi iheiMerSe— eed Rcfcfeof ths Qergy ; PaOors twho OMMde?
ferv'd the name of Walking Statues, than of Rcafooable Men. Upon default of excellent Popes,
be was for cooiuking Meiropolitaos ; and took notice that there wetc a great naany fuch in GmUm,
9«^*»*> end in GemM^.very wcUskiU'd ioMatfeiaofRcligwoi and that iiwtiaipie DcopertoedL
ibeirOpinion.if the War wbicb happens between Princes did not hinder it,tban to go to leek it in that
Ciqr, which ac present declares in tavoor of bim vrbo gives nvoft and weighs its Jodgmems by ibe ,

Nombrr of Crowns which are preienicd. He adds, that If any one (bould aUcdge with Pope GtU-
fim, that the Church of /(fiwe is the judge of all Churches, and can jodg'd by noni, this is a Pro-
petilioa which the 4frKMit BUkipii would not confeoi is^ aad which could aot be true at this tim^
vtecii dmwit fearoaeneac If/m wbo bad tomtAm4ktfkA fldiiiae Learoing, if comaaoa
Fame were to be credned therein. That Ignoeaaoe was mote excofahle io other B^ps than in
the Biihop of Kpm, who ought to be Judge of the Faith, of the Life, of the Manners, and of the
|]ti(cipliBe of the whole Chvcb. That accordiag aK&.Gng|0r7sOpinion.tbe Bilhopswhen in £iel^
•re bA>i<iSt to the Comdkioii of the Holy See i hot when twy arc onUaqicabl^ Himiiity in one
i«ace icadcn theai idl EqBaLLaftly,Thax when the Biihop* of^«mt of thiinne wcve like to S>mn^
oothiag ocnid be dcoc more than bad been done, fioce ibe Bil>ir>ps and the King bad writ conotraii^
ihiivcffBttHneis to the Udy Sec. aad they had not ondct taloBn to dodde io the PieTiMn. vB
Utiweastbeyhad oohofiiee«ffawtf«titfy'dati<Mar, which waicanfimahleM tit OkOBii of
iht-- Council of StrdicA. He quoted feveral Paflages cut of St. Gregory, to fliow that BiOiops areol>>
iig'd 10 pooilh 0^eoQes,aBd that they Depite Bilhopa who are ooavkSted ihercofije added, Thit
dM*eieinightpa6hyathii€UBNihiaflneemoonldMK4e<oiotfae&^^ of HjghTiealMryec
that there have been loftaocei^ Arcbbi(hops of l^heims^ condemn'dby the BiHiops of the Province
lor this vKsy Crime » oaaad|i Gilkt Archbithop of H.btimi, whoprov'd diHoyal to Ciw/dc&rrsand Bk-
4tt aed waa deposNiat Tlswwft : Thai the Dccreeof Smid^, which iayons that dw Caofa of
JUfliops fhalt be try'datl^Mnr, oogbitobe extended 10 none but difiicult Causes and not le fnch ,

wherein the Crime is fdf-evidenc: That the Afriaut Aidtops have contdted the vcty Right of Apr
pellatiQa. and that the Caoacils«f Nice and jfmucb appointed the Synod ef Brothwa 10 deier>
mine thefc Marten: That he woald very readily grant the Cfaorch of /^enJ» more than ever the Afri-
&lbop pretended to allow it That they conlulicd it when the A£Fairs of the State permitced it;

And they fubraitted to its DesenBiaadoos, unlofs tfaey were ooatiary to Equity : But if it rcmahl^l
flent, the Ecdcfiaftical Laws onght to be confolted, and the rather becanfe tbe Church of Hgm at
fHCkot was deftttute of all manner of Supports and Sopplys ; for fioce tbe Fall of tbe Empire it haa
Joft the Churches of A/txaaJna and Antiocb, as well as thofe.of ^^rit* and 'od all £iir«^ be*
§an 10% off (ttm it : That ihe Chtiich.of Csw^Mteas^wai withdrawn from itaObedience: That
jha Churches of 5^1*. which ware neft remote, did notJkcknowledge iu Detenxunations ; and that rp^^ ^
~tt/m had ahandoo'd it delf, fince it po longer gave any w bcdelbnae Advice to it feU, or others. He fgjf Lt^Tn-
mndndcs, that aocordiagtothefcttw|»i4inty<ni»af jbraiec waa^thq^
Trialof iheArcfabilhopof J^facMM. - •
Sftccb of
^bt JB(/%4/<<{/ Oricjow 'V cjtiojt but b< tl'let vil, tbit cvm i» tbcje /(«e^tfjpir, mhe*d» Ronu might mtb e4< ha\<e impofed

m rae.UuM/ 'UtJ i^ii^fMt ifvld^ tUrc nvrt- >ni« jo mfe^ and fa bmtB at not to tbmkits Ei/hop (tfftiutL'ji a wicked gad ^
ignorant cm) tQ be tb( iofaUibie Jiulge <f ail CoDtrvurJiet. Km
vbether tkit bmfi proceeding 4 tkefmw «/fUieifflt ja
judging Amulphus, ft** hi0tim imen thej profej^ed to fay nil due difertKt t9 tie Holy See aid arihfiier the FrsBtft sf •,

the .M'^dcrn Gallicjn Churches in thit Age, tc rot a fuffidrrt Evidence fo irnf h-.w Uttfe they (even cf the Romifh Commu-

mm) believe tbe DoHrine of tbe Pope's Infallibility Cunieji tn fat of the) gmn bj ttj I leave tbe far tttdimfattial Rta'

6. tJpoa

Digitized by Google
A Kew Ecdefiafiical Hijlory
"^hcCourcrl Upon this ibc Synod came to a Rtfolution ; the Defecdtnc was called io, wfco took hii place t-
'/ Hhcinis mong the fiiAops. Tbe fiifliop of Or/^Mj upbraided hitn with tbe Favours be bad received frota
^imjl At- ibe Iving, wbtcb be had return'd wiib Treacbery.Tbe Defendant alledg'd tbat be bad dooe notbing
againtt tbeKing ; tbat be was alwa^ Loyal to bini ; tbat be bad been taken by force io bis City by

^i^rV^rf iheBoemy, the Kmj notcomirsg k, a AHlflance. The BiOiop c^Or/Mw* oppos'd to bim the Te--

ftimony oiAMger the Priett, vufaolaid he bad delirer'd ap tbe G«te« of ibe Ciiy hf his order.
Tbc Defendant reply'd that the thing was h)k : tbe Prieft mtiotiki'd to liii Face tbat iw Evideocc'
was true. Arnalphm of J(beimi complatn'd of tbe ill ufage he had met wiib ibc Bifboy otSnfftm i

aik'd faiia.lvliy be did not appetr wben he wu

cited by the King and Bilhops ; and upon the Aalwcr*
be made, dm
be could Aor, being tbrn'Trnm'dihCaitody ; that BtAop reply'd, that be had offi»<*d
tocoadudt bim, and allcrJg'i! levers; Cici:n)l)ance$ to prove that he hi J chiv'd himfclfvr y Jc~ (

oeitfuUy, Aiicrwards aootber Wnncis was prodoc'd^ who told bim tbat be bad laid to bim tbat be
pfcferrd Moce Ch*riet to tU rbe World and if be bad any kiadaelf ftr biiB,he ovghr to cadctfonr
ferve bim. Whereas feveral Abbots derUrrd rhat Arnutpbm ought to be permitted to withdraw,
•ad lo ask advice what Anfwer to make, it was granted bnn ; and be withdrew into « corner of
th^bamber with the ArcbbMnpof Stn$, and tbe Bi(bop of Ortettu, Lstgm, aad Amimt. Whilft
tiny Cor('>!lri?d rtn^rrhrr, they read in tbe ^nod the Canons Ot rhr C •inL:!^ Tff/eip again ft chore who
< t

KV'd diiioyai to tbeir Frince. lo tbe mean time Armutpbvt acknowlcj'd and confels'd fais Crime
are the Bilhops who were ret ir'd afide with bim, wbocaJl'd others to be prefeat at bis Dedara^
, tion. He mad?- it b*_-fore tbem, and thirty Ahb<?r^ or Clerks, which wer? ra!!"d ro be Witneflea.
This Acknowledgment took oiF ilw: Objciliion which migbi arile ufOn ibc AccQuni of tbc Holy Seej
becaofe Anmlphm having not appeai'd to it, cbofe bit Judges, and ackoowledg'd bis Faalt.tbere wm
difficulty remaiRrrr; (n rhit tbcy niigbt coadcmo him whboat incroacbing upon tbe Rights of the
Holy See. fiut to be iniurtn d what Ceremony tfaey (hoald tiie in bit DepoGtiun, ieveral CanoM were
conUiliad, andagnat maaylnftaiioei weit pibdo^d, which took ap tbe ramiaMf pan of thii
Tbe next day tbe Bilhops meeting in tbe fame place, after they bad ddbaitd femul Affairs
both £ocle6aftical and Civil, refum'd that of tbe Arcbbilbop of Rj>cims aod as tbey were de>

buiog after what iBMUKr he ouhi lo be created , Kiqg Hagh, aad Kiqg ^tUri emied with,
tbe Lords, aad thM cbaak'd tbe Bimope fbr ibeZeel tbay bad expref^d fiir ibraa, and aak*d tbem
bow tbf Call flood. The Bi/bop of 0r,'V4»/ murn'd ihc m rbis Anfwt r. that there was no need of
mainng.ibem Tbadu for doii^ what wu only (heir Dmy : (bat thev had oat t&td theveia oot of
•my Moriveof Lofc tothen, orSf Matred to df wdfim t ibey omtfd beanity wift dkar be wcrea-
tlc i<(.Icar himfelf ; but that tt lift, after many EvaCons, he hid acknoaiedg'd bis Crime, and

oonreoted to be degraded from hit ^riefthood, in tbe pretence of kvcrai Abbott, aad levcraJ Qerka
wbvwere Wboeffi* of tbt Dediliiien! that be thought it proper lo bafo bioi ihete before bin,
that thrKing himfelf might be both Witnef? and fudge, and that by this means bis Accafers, the
WitnelTes which had given in Evkleace againtt bim, and the Judges might be dncbarg'd. He waa
forthwith introdmfd, and the Bilhop of Orkdm having ask'd him whether he virere it ill of the (bme
Wind, be reply "d, fj^fff Ae ir^K Thr Biili op a5k"d him, whrrhcr hr urrc willing ro be deprived of
tbe Sacerdotal Dignity, wb'ch he hid hiibcrto abus^ : He.rcpiy'd, at j»u flt*ft for tbMt. CoUfMC
Mtpebmrd catching at that
v^o;lI laiJ, That he did oot explain bimfelf eneogb, arrd tbat be ooghc-IO

acknowledge his Fault publickly, tbat fo be migbtnot after wards, fay

, tbat tbe fiif}iop<i hsd impoft'd

upon bim tbereio,and that he had not made any Acknowledgment of tbat Nature. He reply'd
"Am b§htd »fe»fy emft^d hi Fduk, and MckfimUdgi tb*t he h^i [w»rv*4 frm that Ategimce whitb h»
0»'J n hi PfiMn 4ktt kt dtjired tbst thty mould ertdit what tht 9^hM iif Orleans p^uld fay i>f hith^,
tdid tbat be intftmU'km makf- m fair a Rffori of hi C^e at he emli. Tbcreopoe rbis fiilbop faid^
ti»t Amulfhvt dlBjaoinkt being cutarally modelt inlpcaking, and alham'd to acknowledge m pnb^
HdCt uihat he had oooMM^othen in private, it was enough that ha lhanfal acknowledge in f<mih
ntibaf-be had nor tepnfaeOirb of Allegiance wbtcb be o«v*d nibit PHnee. C^nnt Brochatd in-
lifted that he ought to deilite it publickly bui tSe Piilinp nf Orlcdvi
; nc"d him by faying, tbat the
Biibo(e were the Only Perioos wlio Gooid extort a Confciiion of tb^i Mature ; and that it was fuii-
«ihit Aat tbe AfflbbHbop-of J|Mhv bad mode bit ConfrfRnn lo tbem io private , and dccter'd bisf
ielf unwnrrhy of the Pricfthood becaufe of faisSin$, as hr had dnnr \\\ a Wriri^r; which was read,
wfaerein he deUar'd, that be bad confefs'd bimfelf to .^i/^ffxn Arcbbtibopof itm^ and to otbo^Bilhonf^
.ladd'bad appointed rhem the Jodget'of hsOfivocet, that be mjgfai raanaelrom tbem fndb ftnaa^ce
as he defcrv d, and be rrnnvM from the Sacerdotal Dignity J aod Confented that another Arth-
biibop ibould be piQ in \a% ptace, witixiui pretending ever to reinrn contrary to this Declaration.
Afterwards ifi«|j«rtbe Prieft confels'd bis Fault, fic was ask'd whether tie bad mbcr ht &if^
ded, or ly und-r a perpetual Excommunication. He prt fcrr'd Degradatioo, which was perform'd
with tbc ufual Ceremony ; for be wax ftrip'd of all bis Clerical Habits from his Prieflbood to hn
Sub deacnnlbtp i and each time be was ordei^d m
f(»-bear performbig tbe Offices of tbe Order, aiid
; of the Habit he was ftrip'd of r after this be was eojoyn'd Pennance, and retxiv'd Abfoliition with
„ ^ leave to Communicate as a Laick. l4AI]r> Tbey ilTucd forth an AmuhtmA^fj^^ tbe other Re-
tell WhO did MX appear m makfr Satafa ^ba s and Anml^im was 6i» RrimMr to fkk/mt, "


Digitized by Go .
f>f the Tenth Century of Chnftianity,
Jtmdfhm bang dnu d^oi'd and deprhT'd of tbe Archbiiboprick of Ji&cfmi^be Bifltopt etedcd in hh Gerbert -

fkae one Gtrhtrt or GiUtrt. He came of a coofiderabie Family of Aimrgnt i ««d applying bimltlf ArchbifUp
TO ilud y ,bc became a grcac Pro6cteoi in tbe Sciences and Piiilolopfay.He wu
broagfat ap in the Aio- HlKimw
Biftety of JmiidCt wbere belif'd a Momftick JUfe i and from cbence lie went iuo Sfsm, wbeic
>e leafn*d the Mttfatnaticki. Hewas afierwa ntt Sctoohmfter of tbe Gbarcfa of l(^m, where
Prince F{pi(rr^ Sod uf Hu^h Cj/cr, Ltottric ArchbifTiop uf I^rJ;, and fulttrt Bilhop of Ciurtrtt
were ba ^tcbolan i and be bad aiterwaid^ tbe Hoooor of being Tnor m
Otb9 IlL lamcdiaiely
lAcr l»b BteAion be madea Profeflko or Ui P«itb» and thereapon wai(Mara*d, and MlitiHBd and
IrduiScd inrothL' ArchbifTirjprick of l{fteim$. In rbr Yetr v9^- beheld aOauncil, wherein he Ex-
conniMinicated Count Htbert and other Ul«rpen« wbo bad uolawfoliy feiz'd apoo tbe Revcnact of
the Cbofcb of J^fomw. He fmiK at tbe&metiine n
Ftdem BiihopofAmitiu, wbb bad appropri-
ated to his own ufc frreral Re»eou<"s of his Cburch.
King Huj^b and tbe BiAoM lent tbe Decrees of ibis CMiRCil to Pope Jtbm XV. by tbe Arcb-
rfeacon of ^Mmi^ and fN«f d him to approve of ibetr filedioii of G^htf. Bat tUi Pope being
perl'u aded that Amulfhm could nocbave been Dfpos'd without hi! Aarhority^ vrty highly refented- •

wbac liic Bilhop) of France bad dooe. King Hugh wrote him word thit ibcy had done nothing iti
this Affair tbac might be of any Prejudice to tbe Holy Sea ; and thai if he pleas d to come to G>«-
m^t 01 into Frame, be would receive him with all the Tokens imaginable of Sobmiilion and Re-
fpcdi ; and diat Matxcr over again in bis Preteoce. Tbe Popelicnt
if be picas'd, tbey flloald try this
iAio i^Mcr Abbot Lto, with ordcnto call a Council, and in tbe mean time forbad ifce Siftop* wb9
bad Cnuncil of Bhrimj to be there. Gtrhert forefeeng tbe Storm tbat waf coming on
afiilted at tbT
bim, wrote to an Abbot, and ArcbL ahop itrv/ii, and endeavour'd to fortiSe tbe latter, againtt the
fearful apprcbenfiom he bad of i he Thanderoolti of Hjme, by telling bim, tbac tbe Judgment of tbft
Pope was not Soperior to God's Decree; That if be (meaning tbe PopeJ flxmld fall into Error, be
might be reprof 'd : that be could not ezclode BiOiops from tbe Commuoioa of JBSXJS CHUJST t
for being nnwilling to confeot toa tbing which tbey tbongbt contrary to tbe Gofpel : that tbey bad
no Power to debar bim of the Communioo, oeither at a Gilikjr iMoB* 6ofX be was Innocent, ooi
at a Rebel, ftwe be bad oor refas'd to go to any CooBCtt; flMt tMi Sentence, being an^ftfoogbr not
to be Jook'd upon as proceeding from ihr Holy St-e. jccordinx [o S. irs's Maxia^i. Thir the Ru!rf -

whereby tbe Catbdick Cborcb oagbc to be regulated are die Gofpel, the ApotUes, tbe Propben, the
Cbaciii tBtde by tbe Sptrh of Gw. aiid codemicd by thtt
and the Decrees of ihe Holy Apiftolkal See which were conlbnnable thereto. That thofe wJwOBt
of Cooiempt fwert'd inxntbefe Rules, ought to be jodg'd and awdemn'd by tbefe Rules : bot tha|
wboever obfirrvct and fclloin item* ovgbcfoen^ perpctoal fleace, wttbont ever bdag repaiaied
from the Commanioo of the Church. In condufirm hr dcclar'd to J/jjrj'n, that he ought nor to fu-
^nd tbe performing ^
his Fundiontbecaufeol the Prohibition of i^oine, and that he. ought to de-
4>ife this irregular JutgnMO^ feu thai wUUk be cndeavoniM to appear loaooeat, be AoiiM 4td»i4
himfclf Giiifry.
In the mean time tbe Pope by fais Legat very warmly prefi'dfor the re-eftablillracDc of Amulfhw,
and after he had appointed Councils to be held lor this porpofe at AiX-lthCLipeSt, and at I^ame to ,
^ gfyiooi
whi the BiOiops of Fnvre W Duld not go, be order*d one to be held at Mut^^omxbc Second of June,

in (be Year 99s. in which ailiiied L«i/«//r Archbilhopof 7Vn«/, ^mim Bilhop of ^Vri/inMnd Notger
t)f Liege, with Sigefrty Bifltop of Munfttr. Lto Legat of Pope 7abt XV. prefented to them a Lettq:
of tbac Pope, and after it had been read. Gerbert tiude ao eloqneat %NCch in his own Defence,
wherein after he bad (howo tbe Reaiboableneft of bis Condild, be declai^d that be had not taken
die Church of J(tm'i)w from its lawful Palferrjr b jc that Aruulfbm, wbo was unworthy thereof, ha-
ving condemn'd bimfelft be had been cleded and ordain'd Caaoakally in h» place. He gave thia
Speecb in writing to tbe Legat, wUo banded to bfm tbe Fope^t Letter. After tMi the ConncAbnke
op, haviog firll appo-rjiL-d to meet at Pj-o'mi the f^rft of Juh, and deptited^e'n a Monk of ihe Ab-
Imic Lit tbe Pope^ Lqgat, to go to King Hugh. But as Grrbcrt was go>4t away, Lt9 order d two
Billtops tot«monftraieto fctai/Tbii be oogbtto abSatn fnm celebratinj; Divine Servieegtill ibeCoo*
vcn:ion of the Synod. After he had derlir'd rhar their D?niincianon fignifie d nothing, be went hlm-
felf to wait upon L«»,and told him tbat it was not in the Po.vor of any Bifhop, nor of any Patriarch,
IKjr of diePopellaniclfmcxclodeany of tbe Faithful from the Communion of tbe Cburch, tilt inch
tittle as he had been either cnnviifhd of any Crime, Or had ackncjwlcdp'd himfelf to be Criminal,
or bad refused to appoar before a Synod, being cited thereto according 10 the Canon: That neither
of tbcfe being bli Cafi; be coold not teU bow to amdcmn btmfelf. However Lmttff Archbilhoo
^7re9et hiving calmly, and like a Brother, admooilb'd htm not to gire any occafion of Scandal,
be prevail d tipcn bim K> far, that for peace and qnietoeft fake, he would only abflain from celebra-
ring Mafs till tbe firft of 711/7 next, which wisibe liitie appomted for the Synod at Hbeimt. Tbe
Qoeen jtdtltid wrote to Certtrt, ordering him to appear at tbat Synod ; threaming him that if be
did not. foch Meafures ihould be taken as Ibould be thought rooft proper. Gerbert underftanding
tbat tbey would AbTolvc Amulfbm^ and re-cflablifh him, and all to gratifie Lee, wbo bad promis'd
that he Pope (hoald confirm tbe late Marriage of King H/lmii and being inftrm'd that hit Ocigy

nod Laity had dcclar'd agaioft hhn, reium'd das Aofwer to that Wncefi, That he wtwld not I*
there; and declar'd that be woold patiently attend the Betcrmination of tbe
SynrKi That having
rttdrH Ae Q weiaBaet of the Church dH^imt at tbe bands of die Bifltopt be was not willing to

Digitized by Gopgle
44 ^ Nei» EccltfaJUcd lijhry
ToeCtmf qiuiutitldieBUliBpiiuLdioimla^itt^ Bk dnc lit «ni sarin say naoDerofttidt of cy^ie&ig
til cf Senteocewhict] Ihould bcpa(is!d upozihun , ct of reLamingiui Dioccis by (aux: Tbtt io «itca*-

^^"^^^ for
47 Infln.

Smad ^^"^ Synod tppoioted m therms wasjield ibcrc accordingly ; of which we hnt oottUfAS^^t
irthr!^ Ptm^ AU ibtf wcjCU Imcool ji^, tbai ibgr UMreia Jdolv'd 10 ivcliU>liib .Amuifkm, tmim
nraiMt Mm. Thelatie^ jun»lii« w^he AeiiatiM Ik^ iAov obcr'^i Md xeur'd «e ih
Giricrt. ^'^'f lU. wbo fooo *ftcr^mhim ibc ArchbtfllCfnGlc td^Mnru, Iron: whaux be afgmdf ri ihc Pi-
Tbe rt- C\m As 40 ^auJflm /jvluMcvcr liuK Aoibwt nay layj iie was sat la
in (be Year 099. m
>r«Mr/l^ .Jibtfijr, «n4 trtcfltbliftidJBli Owe* yews after^ tbtudttaae^FopeCr^V. 3ti»$ the FtTtMuil^*
ment of Succei&r. His e- dUbliUmcnt was likewife afkcnviirdj coofirm'd bf Gabtrt liunfelf wbcnbc was

totbc Popedom. Fonbii Pope very f cucrouily iorgemng ail ibat was juli. IraC luM

/uAm '1
'^'^'^ it «*as tke Duty pf the Holy AfultolicaJ Soe to laiiic tbule wbo wenfUo, m
rcrtorc to ihfm tbe Dignity of wbitb ibty bad befodcpriv'd lo he ihougbt it cuovcMcax 10 iiio

ibme dcta^
"^xoar bidJ, even hini wboJiid been tuxn d out of tbe Arcbbilk^ ickof it/j«wfor
caufe lince his DepcAiOB JmuI not bceo ratibcd by tiK Pope, it wai bcMev'd be mi0llL M"
cft»blUh'd by ihc ClcGDcncy of tbe Holy See, Sc P«/«r baviaf iucfa « S»venitgn AotfaGrityjH tio«-
tber could luod io xrompeuiioa with. Tbatlbcreforchy rrtlorifig to hioi the Pattoral Rxid mrJi
JUog, iv gfWiM lun a power of pa/orowig aU Ml Archi-EpKcopal Fuodioas ; co imio Uie I >if
nity (hereof > to enjoy all tbe Reycooes beloDging toibc Church of Hhcumti aod to wear the Pail,
Tbat be prohibits aJltxuiwer of Pcrdiaos frooa opbraiding hJtn with his Depodiioa* being willHig
that the ApoUolicai Authority Aoold procctk hiaa. iho' his Coafqeacc coodcaoo hiin That Uft4y, :

Ik coofirais aod gctnisio hian dr Mn^ the ArobhiJhoprick of i(kMu with all <iitf btim'd 10 iLTkm

Tbe ffHtmgs of Gcibert.

The Wri- QErhnt was wkhout quefiioDiibe msft Lcanxd Man df bis Time> e^iaOy ia Propb«ie lean*
tings of ii^ : for hejad to bis &udy of the Ijagnays and Philofophy )oyo'd thar of the MatheaaatiQlBi,
oAaL wbereip he was a greac Proiiciem. He infonns ut bimfclf that he had compos'd fcvcrtl TriL^$ of
Rhetprkk, AriibojeiCick, and Geomeuy. He fpealu of a Sphere which be had made, and ix uxn*
pqs'da/siaUTicatileof tbetnanocrc^iuCooftruiijpa. He invented Clot^ and made one a«
M^Jihri^ wluchJwmitfattd accordiog loifasModoB of Ute Polar Star* she whidi be vkar'4
kbrougb a Tefefcope. Tbey likewiie attribBie 10 bin a Treattfe concerning the jfthtlsih, wijtiam
ia Oialogstic-wife> between hits and Lt« the Pope's Lcgat. This Art made hioi pals for a Magiciao,
avd |av« rtleioibeFabic of Jto^vy mmocciliP jJie Pant Chair bf a Coatsad^ which inad4( U
whhtbeDtTif. HeMa|wH»iaiBa]IdKAfiibord>eSnse, and efpedaUy io thofe whkh
rclarcd 10 the Church of Rheimsi and was in great repute with the Eiuperors aod the Kings of
fr^t. He bchay'd bioDtfli'lbiyjsUioihnledjfficulf liaies, thai he fcU ioio di(gnct wiib pqac^
Tbe AfdibiAop AdMlhgrm, as weVif die lirinaesaaci Prianflb of bti dme^md fimerat odMrumda
ofc of bis pen xu write tbcir Letters. He wrote liJtewife ieveral Letters in his own name to kvcsul
Perfoof about the A&in of Chotcb and iuice, or aboni paniouUr Atfairs. or ciie aboat (omc P<Ma(»
of jUsroing. There is a CoUaftioa mada «r aji Hnadnd aad finy of them, wbitA are paSiUlfd
from (he MaauTcript in tbe Library of Papm M^fm, aod prioied by the Care of bis Brotber iq iha
Year i^i I. at P^i-jr, with the Latcrs of ^oiw of 5a/tii^7 Sttfiw of Jturiuty. They aca

rcno'd io a very pure Stile* aod fucb as is truly Epidolar, with a great deal of Beauty aod Sptnu
Littbcy donuicontaiDlDWcbof EodellafiicaJ Affairs. He is likcwiie ibe Author of the HiKory
of the Ads made by the Council of I^htim againtt Armlpbm , writ wuli a great deal of R-^
legance aad Eo*>S7 > which fliews that be was no Iclii skilfd in £ode|iaftical, than be was io Pii»-
fane Learoirg. His Speech to tbe Council of Ximnn is a farihcr proof of both i as well «$ the
Speech wbicb be made, when Pope, ibr theia^rodtiogof Bifltops* puUilb'd by Father MahiScm ia
the Second Tome of h'tt 4>i*USt. In tha laft Fiece oeHiaDooftrates to tbe BiAicps that ibe bigber their
StaiioB and D^iiy is. tbe grater Obliutioas di|qrhr«nod<r of anfwericg the height of tiicir Poft
by fbeir Samftiiy ai^ their Merits • aod thac ibeir Fail is fo much the more deplorable , by bow
much the inore tbe height is from which they fall That God requires aure of rbrm ibaa of iht-

rcilof the Ckrgy « and thac their Fsnhiftallmfrr with a ievcrer Ftei^iihneDf thsQ tbok of otfaersL
Hr fxptainstD them tbe Qoalification wUdb St Pas/rcqoires of BiflMpt ia his &m ^Alc to TtnM-v
Afterwards be declares againft Simony, whiLh was fo common in his tiaK< thai iBiibopi gave
lifODey to Archbiftopsfor their Ondinatiea* Prieftlf Ikaconf, and other Cicuf -ump to Biihapik Ufi.
ciK]a««s my
l«|hly againa ilA 4n^ wA 4»Bite*io wboin kdUffdi DitelMoa m

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of the Tenth Ceptury of Ciirt/lianitj. 4.5

FLODOARD 'BnhaiAiiy of Rheims. tf Rheima

GMtmrdot FrodaMrd is not one of the Icaft Ornaments of the Church of /^jEwimm. He wai born
* «£#«rHfr VilbeyeAr 894. He was Prebendary of tbe Cbarcb of ^jiamt, and tiie Scholar
of l{bem]> of Auxtrre, whom Fulem had invited to ^ims, 10 be Prefident of tbe School of bis Ca-
noos. In tbe jrear 936, be took a Jotirney to l^ome, and in the year 940. be took up a Rektlatioo ol
going to S. Martin of Tuirs, becaule be coold not appro? c of the Promotion of Higb to tbe Arcb-
bilhoprick of J^tmt. But Count Hc^rri caos'd bim to be apprcbeniied, iad took from him the
Rcveoitet beloo^io^ to the Church of itivi'mi, which he was in poflcllion ui, and tbe Church of
Orwifyiwhidi he govern'd. He was for five Months confin'd to that City, till be was broagbi to
Snjfonty where be fubmitted to the JodgmcM of the Biibops. who coofirm'd tbe Promotion of i^iu
Then be was reftur'd to favour tbe Revenues which be pofleis'd were reftor'4 to brm, and ihe

Church of C«ro7 given bim, inftead of C«mM!7. Hea/Gfted at theCoaacilaffMm, wherein^

M/iw was ela<^ed Archbi(hop of H^iwu i aod Jiv*d in the World to OJdlrici tim», into wbefe baadi
he refign'd bis Benefice* and withdrew into thr Solitude of s MooAftery, where be dyed ia the y«ar

Tlui Awbor bw wriitcn an Hi8ory of the Church of ^beimt^ divided into four Books. He il«tt*
ingiTeita AceovN of the Snooil&an' and Lhra dT ibe Ardilbiftop^ of wbit tbey had dooe 6r
wriucn, and what happened w orth tbe takiqg notice of under each of them in that Church. Tbt
firlt Book beigioi witkue AfofileH and oads at the death of Si ^gau, Tb* Accouac of th« ficft
Kthops is mmm, iOi wlnt be (^yiof die following b very uaoemin. TUt tife S. %«9s tbe
Convcrlion and Baptifm of Clovi take Hp tbe grcatclt and beft pan of that Book. Tbe Iccaod Book
fiootaios tbeSucGdlioaaod Hiftoqrff ibe Arcbbifhops of J(iriim from &, f^pm down 10 fUtum4rm,
Xbe tbitd it wlnlly nkcn up wtt'ib^ UftofipwoMria. awl widi tbe AUbnA of bis Vrinngh fW
fourth contains tbe Hiftory of Fulm , aind of tboTe who fucceeded bira down to Odalrie. This Hi^
fiory wu pabliflt'd by Father Simoa4a ud printed at Fsrii in the year 16 i i. and aitcrwardc bf
C«/ttfMriw wbo got it TO be primed ac iif tbe year 1 6 1 7.

Befide this Piece, Fkd'.ardAsA likewile compofc a Cbnnicm (Tor Monficnr bad no grounds
toqaeftion whether it were his or no. ) It began at the year 877. but the bd\ years are loft, and
fvenveoQlf byitt tbeyear 9i9.and tbofewhichfoUow to the 9^
Wbere itaeids. JB«a4ir*Mr oh*
lerves that at Trevts there is a Manufcript, which contains fevcral pieces of Voniry of Fkdtmii
oanely, five hooki tf tbe Trtumfbt of tbt Ualisn hUrtjrrt **i Cai^ejfarti three 3ooiu tbt Tri-'
umfbs of J ESVS C H I{_I5T, Md ef tbe Saints If Faltfiim i and IWQ Baoi» ^
tf J E SV S C Hl{_ IS T at Antiaek Btif tbefe Pieces have not as yet bcea ppUiOt'd and 00 ,

bothr (as we bear ofj bu ever ken cbem fiooe. Tbe Cbrmem was fvbiiOi'd by Il4wfiear Bithm

A)i Advertisement to thefoBofmi^ Addition.

Jtftmm tHrdmk ivarprmud t imJerj^ooJ Afjkr Thieyry Rufoinf,

a LearntJ Rtligiottt BmeJiSim tf tbe Congregation cf S. Maur , tbat tht
Trtatift of Flodoard concerning tbeTritimfb of the Martyrs, wbicb Bonderius
fiuidf memim of, wot tn am 4tttimt Ai^ferift ft Cctrvent ^
tbf tuffifU

. . • ' •
• >

The J 'DD IT IO N.

ThefiMtfib Book begins wkb Pope SLArJifaK^'aBdiraut of dw IMratioMOt^iwalnMii^ Ckadim,

KumtriMm, mi Dml^^ He ibeidD %edci of Ae Fopei acoifdb^ n dw ita wlM^

Tic Fifdsandfiivb^fci vemU (W*. «ho*tbf» Seentl^Hwdl^iligi^mt* '


Tne k ventb treats only of the Perfccutioo under Dtoelttian.

30»<^hih ^ ibiftlj^ P« P<R/r«f^ fid*»mini4ithk.tfmarmujg .1^ ^itfifftttq^pifUT A^»-

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Flodoard mimaa. It begins witii the Hutory of 5. Mtt cti,iiid of nil the Mariyn which are in his falie Ducxc-
FrebeTrdarj Aficrwardt he fpeab of the Man^r*d Saiots which are worlhip'd in Itafy. The filieeiiib Chip'

^jf*^^ ter ii coooeming

S. Afra of Au^sburgb. TfaefizteeDth it ooaceroing S. Et^thim the Pope.
^'"V^ The ninth Book, maizes mendoo of S. VtUtntttit a Martyr at i^oMr, afterwards of the Manjff
diereaboais; Md
of tbe Deocabof*r, Gsiiamm, & John, and S. Ptatt tad «f ItfOtl
ixber Jdanwn, who were at l^me in the tioie of JnlUn ibt4P0STATB.
The VBttA Book btgim at Sw Julm the Pope, and endi wMt f^sliM and JhDniOe. He dmb
mentioot feveral other Saints; at for inftance, in the fccond Chapter be fpeaks cf F.Lfdiu whom ,

becglb A'4gMiA'«Cf>wlioi>ikidtoha«tfttflered at Aim under C«^4Mr,wiib Or^mwoAoi-

dkn: tefpealt ofSL Bi0im<^r0retit, ^vmnimi!be Rbenridm^ tnd or& Amm
of Mllmi
fce-BUket tntrn:i'jn of tbc Tranflition cf [be litter, made by S. Bafi!, who fent hit Body tO S. Am*

ingfS. (IhaTetheLeiier of me, dirededtuS.ifM^^, cakeaontof anaockotMuui'

leripc, tiHiidi tnaket tBcmioDof iWfTraiifladaBL) lotheibtnlOhipter, wlmbe ncMi of S.
nijfuj t})« Pope, be likewife fpeiksof S.Jerom. In the eighib Chipier he treats of r^c Schifm of
Latprtnett of Pafc^us the Deacon In the nioeteeath of Horjmijdm the Pope, of the Peace in
theEaft. of S. GmMwAtofCffpn*. of the ReAfctttiMof A/rka, of S. of the Converfioo of
Cttvn, of the Crown which hf (tm to i^oww, of rh* Ccnfalar Habits which he rcceiv'd from rh?
Emperor. In the tenth Chapter be Ipeaks of S. John the Pope, of Spuauebut, and of Bii^tiui, whom
Tbndmc caot'd to be pM to death. In the twelfth Chapter of C*fft*ianUt of ^1^^ Belifdiriu did a-
gain!^ theG«(iiio lMfraad4(WM. Ltftly beocitcailaifeof iod of whubftppned
in hii Mooaftery.

' the
clerenih Book comtwebeaclt dwifiAory of ^ Fbpet from Agdtho down to Cbrifippbilus. la
Cbapter be fpeiks at large of Bmifacf of Grrwdn?, wbrrm he ftiJcj Dof^'nr ard Marn r. Ir»
the iixib Chapter of Chdrlevugiu Pnoce of t'rsnce, who turn d a Hciigtouj. la the fevcnih Chapter
of PopeSM^ILflf hbFnvdkiMoAwwr, «f teminonhMiCnrehe wvongbi io the Abbyof
S. ZVinar, &c
The twtUih Book coouins the Hiftory from Leo I L«0 Vll.Inr the firft Chapter he fpeaks of the
Palb of HtHeauruj of the Settling the 08tve of the Feaft of the Alfuaiption of oar Lady
, In the .

iimnd Chapter, of fiiflnp of Jl^nwrnM. la the ibtrd Chapter of Himemtr$tf and of Ctsriet tht
In the fourth Chapter of Ftikm ArcUiiOiop of l^teim,*nief the fereral Commiffioos which
tbc Popts granted bitiL In the fifth Chapter of the Tranflttion of S. Calixnu the Pope to P^cirr,:,
which he calls VrAnM N^«M» OwrCin. He ttcao at Jai]^ of the A(Sioos of Arai^, wfaom(fac
Ckmlu King ofFnam dcftM 10 (ml Urn j^iiwM tmi^mih i
fijfs; Cmifiermi Mnal
The thirteenth Bdofch<towiteSiwwwMcb& <aMiitwbf faMi VHtMgm, and ofotte

Tbo AunocuUi Bonk abom dtt Cwidfarf'Snonk Mttiyitt ittd otfanf of tkGbnof '
ends aff by S Cfl/!w«^4ii aod hn Difciplfs. ' '

, ,
AttheendtianEpitaphof F/o^4ribtmfelf. • ' ' > < ^

TUil^analcripcitalimftuandenCMFlMw'i. /
Thdt*rls ftile is very plain, witboat any Orrrarrrnt and wiihoat ffwlcoft AftdilWO. Hc taAlBt
a great manj fixtrads, and reUta a raft oombcr of Miracles,

A U R £ L I A N CM e^^^ ^'^^'^ 0/ Rlieims,

CT'^itbtmitu makes tnentiOQ of another Clerk of tbc Church of B^eims cill d AureU*m, who, he lays,
tVrrJ' was very weU ikilfdia the Knowledge of the ScriptBfet,abd in good Litcratare; but above alia
good liofidao. He makes him the Amhor of a TnSt coooeming the Rales of Singing and of Notes»
tbt CbHrcb
^fUictek which be fitys was a very remarkable Volnme, intttoled, Itt Cmj^ttu Mi^k,MtJltr. He adds,tbac
be likewtfe com poid fc veral odier Pieces, and dut be flooritfd n the Rrigp of Amul^lmi obaQi lAr
ICV9M. WehaTOMtliiPgofiluiAMfaarJeftai.

^EKNERVS Mon{of S. Remy Rheims.

rr^E ought likcwife to reckon among tbofe who wife aa OnnuMBcny tbe Cbortli of l^fiMilr
Afyn^cf W Itcnwriu Mook of S. I(fm/of Hjxims, who was fern is the year q^S with fcveral Monks
j^SgSL eft«bliih a MoMaica! Difc^iline in the MoaattciT of HiaMttra in ymmudni. He wrote the Life
of & Om^mdM Abbc6 ofIftirftow, p*l«wl if iMte Mifclhii ii dw few! BwdiaiwCtaH

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, of the Teath Century of Chri/iianity. 47
kwf I tixltbeAcaniatof tbeTranlhttoaaf her Body, wbi<Aiieo be imtWftbMtlie fifth Cemonr.Bferae^
He fcot fevcral Monks to S. to be pot in Ac room of tboCc Clerks of the Church nt rhat^Jf^^f

Ptaoe, wbo did not lud reguiar Livei. He teJates io die Accouai of^
TranflatioQ of ihe Kelicks ^^">y
ofS. mmgmlt, ieveral Mirtde* which were wrought till tbe year yi^, ivbkh fliem cfaitbe wrote "^J^l|™<
aod lir'd beyon<j that year, fiuc tba^ much may iiilke 10 ^eak eoaceninf tbe Cboidi of t^thm, ^>'OrN#
We proceed to tbe other Churcbes of Br*nct.

GJVTIER Jrchhtjhop 0/ Sens.

TH S beginotng of thii CeatDty GiranVr was Arcfabilbop of &iu, wlio wai ordain^^i in the year
8S7. and liv'd 10 the year 923. He nude Coaftniiiaai» wUcb icoMia fifll anoogiMi Tbef ^"^^

ace comprcbeaded m fourteen Artidet.

Tbe firft Prohibits luch Abbotsand Conveoraal Priors, wbowoold mteppeirei tbe Synod, uA ^
were nor c:scui'd i from being admitted
into the Chnrcb for efght days

Tbe Iccond Dfobibits tbe Religious from itxtivioK any Depojiium uno 'Jicu Conrcnts wiiiiout tbe
pcrinillon oftoefiiOiop. #
Tbe third ordcn that tb^ dwidd all cat ipgedier io tbe fiune if^tQaj, and alllye iqgetfacr io tbe .

i^nie Dumitay.
Tliefaaithiaapordi tbatill tbe (eparite Apanotencsof Nunnrn'er fball be pullddown czcept facb
as were requi^ie to eotertaia tbe Bifliop ; or proper for tbe fick » oc fiu aoy ocber >CaBic wbkb ifae
Biflxw adjudge to be jnft and tieceflary.

Tbe that none of the Religious (hall be permitted 10 goabtOid, OTIolye Olltof die Moaa-

fiery, it be tmc leldoo). aod npoo fome lawfal occafiont.

Tbe (ixih. that all tbe fafpBoas and oonecefllry Doonof thefe Mooaftcrftt Aalt be (bat op.
Tbe feveotb prohibits the Ecctc(iil>icaT Judges from ifleiog fbrh general Fxcommunications, and
from Excommunicating all ibolic wbo Oiall CooimooiGaiewitb ao Excommuoicaie ferloo, uoleU ic
be npon fome great imponant ooeafioo. and io liadr Galb •§ oie caannoai.
Tbe eighth injoyns tbe Canons or Fidxodarieito rcgolaietbetiOffica, and tobcbavctbefflklrcs
ioibemwhb care and exa<^lacit. * •

Theniatb eojoyns them to obftm tbe Rnles prdcrib'd by tbe General CooociL
The and eleventh order, that the Communities of the Monks of Regnlar Canons be
tenth W ,

tbo(e Priories where tbcy were us d to be, if tbcy have but wberewitbal to lubUft.
eftaUilb'd in
Tbe twelftli, tbai ibe Abbots and Coaveotiul Priors (hail hare in their refpe(5livc Abfaefi and Prio*
ties, a fuflicient number of Religious, from
whom tbey fliall not ciad atiy PenGon.
Tbe tbirtecotb, that the Clerks wbo lead loofe lives (hail be (haven by the order of tbe Biflwpi.
Aiebdeacom, orodxr Offioett, lb thoc no Mark or Token vtMi:kmsiDmfm9 OaU bekft
Tbe foorteeoib imports, that when any Coanny (hall latrrdiAed Ibr.tbeOflleooe of tbe lord
or b» Bailiffs, that Intcrdit^on (hall not be ukcn off, till fuch time as filtilfiuSkin.he jnidc fiw the * '

Dwnages which the Parochial Churches fliillluffer by rcafootbercof. >. . ,

Tis question d whether tbefe Conftiiail(*ibeloag'd toibbGoMrifr^ or 10 (bne odier of a tliOK

modern date. And indeed diey ielateiaoKtnibeDifi:i|aiaof tbo'fiM6eedi9gCtattnnei».ihancoibe
Dilciylioeof tbe Tend). ,

Of the other 'Bifoo^s of FRANCE.

TH£ other J^lbo{» of f ranee (hew'd tbrmfelves no Icfs zealoas ior the keepiag up ol Dilciplinc
4»diDainttio1i»g ibeir Rights, than tbolc we havealreadymemion'd. We
have one f«™ous
^.^^^ ^^^^
Century. Ftikitt Count
inflanccof it related by Clil fr Monk of C/«»r. v^ho liv'd in the foliowing p^p^^^^
of Amw, upon his return Irom a Journey be made to JeruftUm,
being willing to difcharge himfclf pr^ncc

of « Vow be bad made, caus'd a Montftery to be built in tbe Tcrrirory of Tuarj, over againft the ancernini
Ci !' : c f ; r/»#j,wh'ch hr dedicated according to tbe Adviceof bis Wife to the meiqory of ihcCirrir' tte DeJf

bum aad icraplums, and not to the memory of any Martyr, H«ffc Arcbbilhop of Tmrf was int»ei> cttmif d
11 mII hu b time as Fu'cm iTiyiild re- Cbww,
aid tQ. perform ihc D;dicatk)nof that Manallery j but be refos'd
joftice taken irom it. FuIcm ftomach'd
Acre to Jiis Church tbe Revenues which be badcomnuT t»«U
iSjrefuial went to R-mi and after he had madftlevcMl
RetaWlo Pope Jabm, he letofo'd with
igjjjfSiPtifr^ who afterwards dedicated tbe MonaAery,
M«)iCoiiunidiattgraMed by

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4-8 A hJciiP Bccle/ia/Itcai Hiflory
The RMu- for ihv. poffok. At (ooa u the Bi/hops ol Fr4Jw« uoderiiood dm, (Uyi G^Wr; (&(t «r

^Wjf flf
«;i9n /t^ P.';>f ffl <tcc</r e/ H-icb Folcos ^ii made bhn
tirfe 'frtfir.u
tebiebbtving imelm'JVnlem t*nitkr Chmeb,
the Revenues swi tch
A'ibMP*/^ fmtfiM
had un- h
i»»iHiiyiu^d uf«M i And thai by this meant be bad gtvin rtfe ta « frefa SeUfm in $be Cbmtb if Rome.

X- D^^- abomituted tbit prtceeding, iookjnf^ ufm it m m

tmmanby ABitm , tbM t» flv Bi^ Mb fmmd
fcirtiw of a ^P'fie!":''!
(heuld vtr'.atc ;!/ jirfi Order efttbliflf'dbjtbe Applet andbytfxCanoHt, tkeCuficm ef tim
Cimrtb, Cbttrcb, founded on a great fmny AutberitUsefdntifttityt which fitrbiii Bijheft ti exeretje any Jmif-
diHion in anethers Dtocefj, unltfs tb* Biflitp tf tbtt Di«e*fs intreM him, or fwrmit him ta dt it. Pgr
tho the Pope c/ Rome / ? rr.^^ revrr'd ap^n tbe aceutnt eftht Dignity cf the Il:ly Ap^polidi ^f', yet tf
it mt fermutedtn ttnj CJje wiuatjinver fa vtoUte tbtHttUi ptjath d bj the Canofij And m each Btfhop
tftheCatbolidt,ChmbuthH\tAitai^lnit0mCbireh, tnd tbtf^ffrefentttive of cur Lord: Seitu
net nIhptfH' to dny mtH to undert«k* triy thing in onotbertDiee^j. Giaher adds, tbtc Fuleut notivith-
jtanding tht ic: Kemonftranccs, having caas'd thtsCbarcfa to be dedicated, had no Bifbops prelenc but
diofe of his own Dommiont, who alfiAed «
ic ouicb againtl their wUit { and that ii was no (boner

fioifli'd, butdMfaibrkkwMfalomdowaby* Aonai wlwii is sm^Hitcd lo tbc iB(hiie6 of ih^

Tlr Cmr In ^
year 989. a Council was held in the Abbey of S.S»viour of Clwrtux, in the Dioceft of Pth
dl^Oi'r- figfj^ at which aflifled Uie Arcbbifliof of Smdtmuf* 4a4 tilc Bifbop «f Pdti$r$,LiimKet. Ptrirueux,
nmt tntte 5^,^, AngmUmt. Tbere wm
wrim^ dfedose iliae fan tflaiag cot ifiiatAmuVagaintt dipfe
7^9*9* who Jhould rob tbc Churches of iheii Ri vrnacs, llefnud the Poor ofihcirDuts, or ^QOld IvftfOe
' apprehend or ahttfc a CUcJk, net faeariqg Arjnf, beloie be were uj'ti bgr hi$ Biihop.
The Cmh Ten years after tliere wai atmlier Cmmdl held in ttie City of tmtmfy wMcb waa eatled bf ffS^
ti! ^f Poi- //jriCo-ir.t of ?:aneri, jrut confilte.i uf the ArchbilTiop of JBflr<foi»jf , an d the Bifliopsof rcittersJUi-

ticn tn tlx c«o6(W d tbeO«d«r imdc in the CoaocU of CbtDrrmx

m»utt, Angeniemct tnd S*mut. Thajr ihcrna
year 9^ gg^ii^xheVtufumtf^Rxim^ And Ibrthepntriqiir
in execution, it was order'd thtr Grandees aad Jnlges {bon\d c^iuk full Reflitu-fon to be
all tbc
made 10 cv^ ooe, who bad any ihing takes froofi tiitiQ i aad that ihofe who would not (ubmit to
llmrDeiemtaHKiaM, MdhecoaAraia'd todo k bffms, Tbef tbccein tikewlfe fbcM Bite
exading any tbtng for tbe Admiaiftraiion of Pmnsnce and Confinaatioo ; and fCOcWd hC
frobitnuon made fo <^ieo agaiaift £aclc£atticks keepwg Cosmwoy with Womeo.

We ik|II reckoo amoag ibe C nciii of Fhnathc ^Pood beld at J^bim under Gtrbert ; becaal^
we look apon tint Arcbhifhop as a Frnekmmind htmiSt it was be alone who made die fflHoKpag
InftimtioQS in an Afle&bly ot bis Clergy, held tbe firft of Mtyia the year 997.
The Ctm- The firft is a ProblbitiMi <tf • great Abale wfaicfa nntvail'd in tbe Cbnrcb of I{avenna, according 10
o/^f Ra* which tbqr ftridtoBill^, at thf time of their C^jntrcratino, tbe Body of J E S ? CJfliTS T, V
aod i|je Holy Chrifm to the Arch-Prittts ot tbe i>iOi;«ts. 'lac Eucharitt wiiicb be Ipcaks ot in tbis
Wjtdr was a Confccntied Loaf, wkicb wu |iv«iB whole to tbe Bilbopon the Day of his ConiecnRf^
on, and which he kepcby kin toCoMMNUCtteiMeof ^
fonymji tQgetber, aa'tk obftrv^d in
the i^onan Decretal.
The Iccond imports, that all ifae Arcb-Priefts (liail pay to the Sub^DCMM of I^wmm. ai n
knowlcdgoaeot of tbatCbturdH an yearly Pcofioo of Two pence.
Tbe third renem tlie Aiickw Onms cQRtiemiiBf die ir^
admitted into Holy Orders and pron-biisPirhnp'S froin Cr.iiUaaiing Churches oui of their own Dio-
oe&, witboiuIcafefromtbeBttbopof Uiepboei aod from cnieruioing or keeping tbole who bf-
receiving any ibinf fkr tke
tbiog Tolumarily.
BmW of ikt iDmdii tKiMi M HelikewjleMdftbe
cr RclatiQitt Ihoakl give uj
VnHf weOidl fcfer 10 tbii plaoe tbat wUcb bappen'd in FWmop aad at J^mw abonc the Muriage
and Divorce of King l{obert and Queen Bertha.
Tbetnm'f About tbeend of this Century, that Prinre being a WidJuwtr by ilw Death oi Queen Lutgarde
^r^rof^tn^ Urft Wife, bad marry 'd Berth*, Siller to I^adulphus tlx Stmple, King of Burgundy, who was the

^^"^^ Widn-A- of the firft, Criiirn nf C/..rr.'rrj Pur fcrj fmucL is f^ie wis hi? Kinfwoman.and he tad
2^^* formerly Uood Godfather 10 one ot bcrCbiklren, ttio bciiid taken the Advice ut leieral Bilhopsof
bis Kiogdomabontic, yettbeFopeoppoi'ddiillilttTiage as being Null, and contraded t%iween
Peribns, who according to Law could not marry together. H^hrrt did what he cojIJ t' nnfirm this i

Marriage, aod fpoke about it to Lw Pope Grtgtrj the Fifth's Ll^t m Frd»cf,wbo maUe hipn believe
that be would obtain of tbe Pope what bedelir'd, provided he would caufc Amulfhut to be re-
r{hbli(h*d in tbe Arcbbilbqpriek of B^m. Ip tbe maw
ttoie^oiwifbftaQding tbe Judgment wfaicb

TbeCutncil P*^^'^ inmx of that Arcfabiftop, FopeGr^^ V. bdd a Conndl at B^me in tbe year 998. in
^Komejn the prefcnccof tbe Emperor Otbo III. at '.vlii h aiiilkd Gcrbert, at that time Archbilbop of Bfvtimit,

tbejem- and feven and twenty fiidiops4>f Itedj. In tbii Cmnctl be de^ar'd tb«t Kinf Hghtrt oqgbt tg ptrt
998. imder from bis Kinfwonan Berthg, whooi bebid naiTy'd contrary to tbe Laws, and do Peooanee ibr
Gr^oryr. feven years together, according ro ihc Degrees fet down h)' ilic Can ns, and if he would not, be
iboold be Anatbematizd : That Btrtba Ihoold lubi»it|o tbe (ame Penalty i and be Excqmmiuiicaeed

Ar^uwMi Aft^Orapof Itaw, i*b(» ked cilebrand dipt Marriage, and the Bifbops of frgnte, wbo
bad cither AiTifted or Confented thereto, ti!! fach titne as they fuoutd cumi' and give \hc Holy Sec fa-
tit£u9ioa. This Scotcace of tbe Pope tnade iucfa an Inprdliaa 00 tbe mioda of Men (if we wiU be-

Digitizca by
of the Tenth Century (?/ Chrijlianity. 451
Here Peter Dmmm in tbe cafe) that all the Kiog's Domefiicks, except two or three, abtndoo'd bioi. Tke Cmieii
Mid woQid no longef htte aht ConverfatSon with trim ; and tvea caai'd cbe VelTeU out of wbicb be of Rant m
Iwd-dtbcr cat or drouk to be Barn:. Let the Cafe be how it wiH, King l^ert at lawgiving car to f'"'
Ike AtldtoclttkMtt of AHnt tbe AUxK^paned with Sertha wiOm two or three yeana&er ; and L«» IX. ""'^ff
fftjcordfeg It feei of Cbtrtm wtetes h) fays that tbey came n» i^pay wiA the BiOiops. to obtain ^^^^^jjl
tbcir AbiohtidA,and to get thdr Piinnxnce naitigated. Tbe Autbor of tbe Life of Abbo does tux fay ''^^
ttai H^fett fr«Bt to « but tAu be cooifclljed bU Pauls bpd^ pablickly and privateljr : tbu ba
asked pardoQ, and did Ptananoe for it. 7W[» ^btcfa it diaft efideiK ii, tut the Marriage was of no
itt the iame Codddl. tbe Pope pffifid fef eral oiber Seaieoccs. Tbe firft io fitvoar of ibe Cborcb
iSfMm^rgb, wbkft hid beorraii^dai A BidMptick hy the holy See, bmI by the ConadH had
der Or^, and af»r«afdi defbiiiiy*4 o« of Coondl by 0(l» IL
Tbe Mond idnei R> the Perfoh of the Bi(hop of Merihurgb, call'd Gifldr^ who had quitted ihn
Churchto be ArtJibifliop of MjjT^f/tfW^i. Ic was order'd that if he had been rcquir'd by tbe

Clergy and Laity NUgdeirufgb to uke upon him that Arcbbifhoprick, be fliould ibU boki it: That
if that iiad not been done, and be could piote that neidier Ambition nor Avarice moved hlnioiilKr
upon him ibii Archbifhoprick, be fhould return to bti firft Cborch without bcitig dcpos'd. Bar if he
could not deny but that be was induced to tt by iome one or otber of tbdc Moiives, be fhooid be do-
f'riv'd of both
Churches. HkStGifitur did not fubmit to tbeSeatence of Gngery, bin held bflCbiheft
Ihurches. Whereupon he was accus'd in a Council at Hgnit, held under Syhtfier II. Sncceflbr to
Gregory V. who laipcndcd him for Tome time, and ordered bis Nuncio's in GermMnjr to cite htm.
But thai Bifbop prevail'd upon them by Bribery to pot it off, and afterwards pleaded for bis Etcti^
his being fickof tbe Palfy. At laft be appear'd before a Council hdd at Aix-t^bapelle, where htf
demaoded an Appeal to a GcDcrai Council. LaUy, Tbe £iBt«eror Utmy baTing lent for btm to
i3r*idmrib, and rcnacoftrated to him that be ought loifCdqinLfHlChMdl id hkmrnf
ft few days to coo6der on it, and dy'd io iJatJmtmm. ^. 1^

Wt Afttd

The third relates to tbe Church of P19 in V»U^. Gtff Biflop of that City,bad cieAtd for his StnS •

<3^br bis Nephew SiefheWf wkiioul the Cooieot of Cletgjr aad Laity however, after the Death 6t
Ct9f fbe Archbilhc^ of Bmgu and the fiilhop of Nevert had qnlaio'd Stffbm. Tha' CooAdl de^
ctUres this Ordinattoo to ba null and void i dcpoks Sttpitmi •MofenannioKds the PMaitt wbohaii
Ordain d bim, till fucbtimeas tbey (bouldcome and give ibe Holy See fatisfadion ; grants leave to
ibe CUrgf and lAiq, of Kr^«»cleA aBiftof i defirei thePofo aught ooofacttte- bho wtaomthqr
Aoold dea; anacdiaraluaf bbfvaoKtofopport S*^^
ted by tbe Clergy and Laity. This Sentence was put in Ezecntioo ; 'lU^4rJe vtus ehdtd by tbi
Clergy aad Latiy< aodotdaio'd by Silv^er 11. Saccedoc to Gnipij V. at we kam by tbe Fnigoieac
i Letter of that AifH^ wlatedbyfathtfikwt^yiotheAdttwifaa^ bdbra th(f
Ninrfa Tome of his 5W«;/<^iia», wherein he has giren u* the A(fb of that Council more compleat
than they are in the Edkioo of (be Coaodls by Father L*l>bi. He takes notice in ihe fame place that
Gregory V. held a CouBcil at Mum*, wbereki Gtudddde, who bad leia'd a|mi the Bpi(copaI fee offitf
Chnrcbof 0/oim or Vtch, in tbe Province of CatalonU, had been depos'd, as appears by a Lecrer of
Gngvj V. which Father Dacbery tells us is in tbe bands of MonGeur BaIu^iu$. Tis very probable
that tbb wasdone io tbe (ame CoaacB» wbere Otho III. poblilh'd an Bdi&. diredted to the iliib«
biftof^. Abbots, MarquifTes, Counts; and to all the Judges of /fa/r; whereby he declares that all
tbe Deeds of Alienation of the Church Revenues, even tbu' leas'd out for 99 years , fhall not be of
force any longer than the iifetkne of him who (hall make tbem ; and ibat there (hall be no fuch
Deeds nude bat for the Advantage of thofe Churches who are to be maiatain'd out of them. This
Edidl is dated OHober 1 7. in ib^k*f 998- and 'tis obferv'd that it was publifh'd by Gerhin in the
Synod wbicb torn'd Jbrmifbrn out of tbe Archbifhoprick of Mtlim.
In this Century there was no icfs care taken of fetding tbe Monafiical Difcipline of Frdme, than of
the Ecckfia&ical Diicipiioe ; and as tbe Bi(hops were diligent in refiiritaing tbe Clergy and Laity^ fo
time wete fome holy Abbots, who let tbemielves. and that with a great dial more fiMxefi, opotf
refonniogthe Monaftical Order, which was thehtfiMung of that Ceoiiify in a very tameotabhf
Condition. Moft of the Mooafteries having been ruin'd by the Nmiuiu, were abandoo'd, their Re-
venues were in polTcdion of Laicks, and tbe Abbots were Seculars. If there were any Monks ftill
lefiinthe hiooafteries, tbn were lacb at obferv'd no order; aodwerefoiar £rom living aooordiof
to tbetr Rule, that tbey dul ncx fo mocb at know k
In this Condici(<i] was ihe Monaderial Order, vvhen God rais'd up Berno, Monk cfAHhOt, to be the 77j> yVaiH^
Reftorer of it. He b^n bis Reforautioo in the Mooafteries of S'igV Awmt, and io leveral of the
ediert of which he was Abbot. For a Cbftom wai then mUfe, that one and the time Abbot held le- AUtf tf
. Teral Abbeys, or at Icaft fevera! Monafteries which depended upon him. He bad for bk CompanT- Ctaoy.
Uta and DUcipks Odo and AtUgrin. In tbe year 910. fVsUitm Count of Au9erfpit and Duke of A-
i^tdilfi Jkniog ibitaded tke Abbey of Cbmf, oonmuitad it to the GovtmniDt of Birw, wkr fit
f^tte MoAki into it, and took likcwifc care of tbe Monafteries of HtIs, 'MafTay, and Souvigf^,
^owere all uoderbii Condud, and embrac d the fame way of Living. £«ra« dying io the year
^iy. had fof hit Soaeflbr Ode, ihe Son of Abbo, bom at Tears im the year 879. Ho had baeo th
' 'fd'cM Goontofi^^ «iKlBMdeOaa»of& Mtr<^^^

H Sovae

Digitized by Google
50 ^ i^^^ Ecclefafiical Hijlory
the fi>Hnd- Some time after, being come to Ptrisy be became a Difciple of Kpn^ of Auxine ; and afterward*
int «f the God, he embrac'd tbe Moaaftical Life io the year 909. in the Mo-
refolved to dedicate bimfelf to
Abbiy 0/ oafteryof Btamt, nnder tbe Condad of Berno. Odo extended tbe Reformatio* of C/u>t^ to a great
^vBy* many ocber Monafteries, and carried it as far as l^air it felf^ to which be oudc three }oumeyt.Tbe
^^OT^ firft in tbe year 936. Tbe fetood in cbeyear 938. xaA tbe hftin tbeyesr 941. being calfd dutlKr
by tbe Popes to be the Mediator of the Peace between the ?rinO(iof Bafy. He dy^ «| Hmnm
dK Ktt 941. at bis retora from bit laft Jonmey to .Hgmt,
HeMfertkSaeetlbe jtdemir, '6rApiur{ nextbnawiaS. MW.wbowncnplafdby fft^i
Cspet in He dy'd in the year 994..Icavir^
tbt Rcf^nrmatina of aTmuft all the Monaflf rics nf Frjncf.
ibr bitSilccclibrO<^/»> who had been clewed three yean before his death. Xhii latt Abbot of wu
Otoff fiirAefpMCof Fifty Gzyean. ,

OD O jiUotofClnny.
<^Erm apply 'd himfelf more to tbe fetit' ngjpf hii Oider.ibu to ftody : bat Od» ipDiy'dhimieIf(Q
imiet, «fldniaUtheCoiM!it{onsorlu'iL{fr.XVta»
^ CtHoy. he was Canon, fit- mailc an Abii'i-igtrjent of the MoraU nf S Crf'^-.r:, in! ol" the Hy:r:ns tnJ Anthems
in hoooar of S. hUrtiu. When be wm
ooly Monk* he made three Bo«k$ cotkcx ning Frieithood,
opon th«Plropbecy of Jtremf, dedkhi«d Whirfh BMep of Linu^es ; Tbey mritnled ^^htmmt
five CoUcquia; and others callrlitin hv rhe Title o( OccupMtimu}. ^henhewai Abbot, ti:- wrote
the Lite oi a. Ger4ud or Gertrdt Coani of AurtlUc, ia foar Books, dedioaicd to yfims Abbot of
1Mb » Md
tbe L ife of & Mrriif of IiiH«f« i an AeoouK of the TranOaiiM of the BoJy of SLMcr-
rrn; a Piece whcreinS. Mmin isequalliz'd to tbe ApoMes^ fcvcraf Sermons tod a Panegerick of
BenediH. Tfaefe Tradsare primeii in the Library ofCtsmy , with Hymns upon tbe Holy Sacrt*
nscnt and S. Mtfi/afiwi Ail aadeot Author of hiiLife 'akes notice, th.ii being at l{ome, be cortti^
rrd the Life of S. Mdrtin ; and fpeaks of a Book about the Coming of S. Benedici into a VifJage near
Vr leant. They likewile anribute to Oii« tbe Life of S. Grt^or/ of Tcsarj, related by firrsHr. Father
hUhiUm takes notice tbac the Library of theReferm'd Carmefires of Ptru, tbere is a Manufcript
wbich formerly bclong'd m
thi? Mnnaf^ery nf S. JuHann^Te^m wherein tbere isa large Trcirifp ;n
Verfe, intitiUcid , Occupaticucj O.l-na /ii'bafis. He melds that this Piece ii divided into four Books i
tbe firft cooeeniag ibc Creai on ni the World: ^helbeond concening die Foraiation of Mankind,
the third cooceming his Fall i and tbe fborth concerning theComiptioo of Nanire. Tis by a mi-
ftake that ibey attribute to tbis Odo tbe Life of S. M««m, wbich belongs to Oi* Abbot of S.Mdurw
of FeJJix- They likewife falHy attribtite tobim frveral Cbrmiemt wbtcb Thomm of Lucca compos'd
luder tbe NaoKof CMik as it ba«hccii<ib(enp'd by die Ambor of the (£ftoryof tbe Cbonts of
Anfttt, reined indK-Tcttdi Tone of tbe Sfidhghm. $irihtrt pmOittht Tnfe of Mafidan
ana f^ys that be wy
piopeiPbrfap Cwftpofe iadftww—cr getawnMiiia wrimhe fbniM
upoQ the SaioOL '

J O H N AfH »/Cluny.

TohnJI^M^ "T* ^^ written by one of his Difciple^, rail r? Jihv., \\hnm be bad met in hair
his Juumey m the year 9 j3. and brought along with bim lo where be 'caus'd hioi to
if ChmY.
take upon bim the MonaitickLi^. Ir is divided into three Books, and printed in tbe Library of
Cltmy, and in tbe fifth BemdifUne Cenrary by Father MdhUm, who has likewife given us another
Life of Odfi^ written by who hv'd abrat Two hundred years after tbe death of (bat Abboc.

ODILO Mot of Clany.

has left as but a few Pieces : which arc, tbe Life of S. Mthihh Predeceflor ; four Hymns ii»
Odilo Ab- f)^*^
hisPraife; fcvcral Letters to S. F«/ier/ Bifllop of Ch4rtres\ the Life S. AdeUidt ih<i Emprels,
kt of Cu-
ay, Otoa the firft's Wife ; Fooneen Sermons npon the Feftivals of Jv/w Cirifi and the Blefled Virgin ; «
Decree conceining ihc Prayers for rhe Dead i«nd three Letters related by Father Lukf DAchery in the
l(eco«>d Tome of dm i^Ktlf^ium m rtb a Letwrof Pope John XIX. wijoreprov'd lum for refuiiog tbe

Archbidtepnck ui i.«m/.Hc / kt up m as the firlt Founder of tbe Fctftl of AU^initiiead of tbat

i;. !<

«f (hcComi»eiDar«ikm of the Dead. He liv'd to the yc«r 1048.

Digitized by Google
of (he Tenth Century of Chrifiiam^y.

bat of

. AEBO Mot o/memy.


AB BO or Alhi , Monk was born at Orleans, and Jn-

of Flettry or S. BentdtB upon the Lcirt,
** liruiSed and Edocaicd in theSdwols belonging to rhe Monaftcry of Fteuty, where be fiudied
under WUfMus the Abbot; and for feverai yu,r^ lo^cihcr had ibe Government of ttie Schools of
lliil Mwftety. He went afcerwardi to F4rs and /(ibnmj, to ftady Philofopby and AtooBiway ;
bat making dOfreac Pw^refs in them, be retdrn'd to OrUxm, wberc be learnt Mofick. From tbcnrr
be was inViced over to EngUnd, where be ungbt publicJcly for the fpcce of Two years, after wbicb
be retoro'd to tbc Monaitery of Fleury, of whufa he was made Abbor.This did not bbdcr lumtrom
profecutiog his Scodkx He bad fiteie Differences to ad joft with Amuhbm Bilbop of OrUmu, which
occafioo'd him to write m
Apology direded to the Kings Hugh and I^^bert, wherein be ezfaorts them
10 turn cut Htfrcticks; among whom be reckons fuch as belkir'd that the Revenues of the Chorcb
beloqg'd to them, and who had made an imlawfol Sei6ire upon tfaem. He would have the fame diing
done to thofe 8t§io|it who ifctT fbat ibe Cbordxt and Ahart befoog to tbem.He obferres tbac Je/m
Ciri" dcff. r.or fiy rhat the Charch is the Cburcb of S. Pf.'i-r , but ibat bis Church is baik upon r^^^
S. Peter. From whence he coodadci that bis SaccelTors caooot fiiy that the Chordxs wbicb tbcy iJit tHt
govern, «fethein» nodi left oui Aeymake a gain of them, as be &ys they ihea did every day. Akht k
milhtl^n in
the Utter fitt ef bit RemM\ C ^bicb jajt^ J bat m
Smim fajs bk Cburdt wm btilt ufm S. Peter) will appear toMj wbt
tM^tmlJfts Words in the Ori^y t&tth. tS. i8. KeeytJim kiym, in 9^ S lA^, J$ corf wTf ni^
UKoAiMOu ftx rhu ^Ex.y.f:i\^'ii> : nhiih njrJs in ourVerfim run tbi*f. And I fay unto thee, That thou art Fettr, and
opoD this Rock will 1 build my Church. Wbere we map ol^erve, that be does not Jaj^ om or coT mJ nirfft, but
c-T? iWt^ tm ritTPf , &c. from wbeiue ft tiu^be emetiuMtbia beAertut wta the Ferfm, but H» Rdtb tf 5. Petg-,
the Ru-linp-!i which be vnuld build hit Church. Thk Rfmarlifeems pertinent, fme the Romanijls frem tbk Ttxt^mii^^
tfS. John, cbtf. 2 1. V. 1 5, id, iyc. pretend to prove the InfulhbiLitjf and Vmverfalitf of the faftf.J

He likcwifcinhis ApoT py piv?5 an acronntof what pafTed in the Council of S. Denmm about the Tie Conii*
year 99$. where lie bimtelt was prelent, wherein having mainuin'd againft the Bilbops , the Right d/o/

which the Monki and Latcks bad of poi&lfing feveral Tithes, the People role up in Arms againft S. Dennis
the BifllopS, who were and forafmncb a? Sj?:rin ArcbbiOiop ofStnj, who wai At 99S*'
forc'd to fly for it ;

tbe Head of them had been wounded in tbe Fi^bt, Abbo was accus d of being the Author of this Se«
dicion. He made bisDefcMoe in thb Epiftlc He wrote • Letter to Berndrd Abbot of SegtiUea ia
tbe Dioceb of LtmegtM, to dilTwade him from givug a Sam of Money wbicb the Count of Tbmhufa
and tbe Arcbbilhopc? Bourget would exad: from him, for the making him Bilbop of Ctbon. That
Abbot having refolv'd upon uking a Journey to JenJUem, waidifTwaded from it by AU>», who
advis'd him rather to go 10 Jtow, whither he retif'd Momit G«ij|«iis .aiid being afierwatdt
Increated to reraiin inro the world, to rcHeve Ui Rdatibn, he again eonlblted lAbbo about what be
Olight to do in rbe Cafe, who in a very elegant Letter return'd him ihis Anfwer, That he tnght net 19
think tf quitting hi Sektttdt f
itnehe bik^lf im tbe Affitin ^
tbi fVorldL As to tbc Qgeftioo which
Bermmri propos'd, Whether he ODght to keep or leave hisAtbey? be retur^d him this Aafwer,7%if Ctf
Cttrnflanees mould d-.ri H Inm trhat to do\and recommends to htm the ufm-^^ hi; wtnaji Difcrttion to examtne
M biemm Confciencejpliteb tfthe tmoum tbe bemmtbte f«r ban,*nd nufi bemfciet teetbert : becduife
em tmfide tit * gr^et Duty te difchtrge theVMBtimiif m
Mee^ mbem erne ea» aimM Seidt' te Gedt
butths: on tl)t other fide, frhti » no hipes ef being able te do amy ^ood, hy reafon of tbe Wickfdto^t
^ tbife one bat to govern, 'tie mere convenient to retire^ to frovide for ones omn SaJvatton. Somedoae
after ifUv wmt to J^ama to obtain a ConfirmatiM tt the PHviledgesof bb Clmrcb. there oiec
with Pope7»6«XV. iipnn rhcHoIy See, who v:a^ not ''fay? Aimoin the Author ofhb Life) fuch an
one as be wilh'd him, or as be ought to be. Having ihit Pope in deteftation, be remro'd alter be ,
had offier'd op his Prayers in the Hdf Places God's Worfliip. Upoo hii retara from thisjoomey,
he wrote a LftTmotbe Abbot of Fit/i«, pablilb'd by Moolieur Balu^im in the firft Tome of bit

Colled ion of MilcclUoiei. He was afterwards fern a (iccood time by King B^i'eit to Pope Gregory V.
Socceflbr to ?0&», who tbreatned to lay the Kingdom under aa Imndii^ioD upon the Account of Ar-
an/^iia Archbifhnp of ^?/-fj>77? He met thi? PApf ar yff.'rfj wa* very kindly rcc«i»'d by him, and
obain'd of him a Pnviledge fur hu Abbey, by wuii^otbe BiQiop of Orleans was prohibited entring
into that Monaftery, unlefs he were invited thither ; and the Monks were permitted to celebnie
Divine Service fn their Monaftery always, even tho'ibe whole Kingdom were laid under anelnter-
di<5iion by the Pope. He adjafted tbe Buixnelsof AmulpbiM; and having cngigd bis word to tbe «

Fopet tbatthat Archbilhopibotildbereleas'doat ofPrilboandre*eftabIiib'd, be was introfted to

carry tbe Pall to bim. Upon bis retom to France, what be had promiil'd was accordingly done, and
he gave tbe Pope notice or n. About tbe end of his Life, he te-cftaiblfflrd tbe Monaftery of S^iaret
to Gajeeny, which was call'd tbe Mmaftery of tU l{ule, and in tbe Coantry Language la l{eouU,wbeTe
he wu kiU'd in d» year 1004. in an InfurresfHoo which tbe hdookiw Women of that "Oxuitry
rais'd againft Urn. Moalievr BMiufim lis pubtilVd « OMw
Lctnr wiincB hy the Monkrof Ww

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52 A Neiv Eccle/Ja/ltcal Hi/lory
Abbo Ab- jibi>o wiacb we have already mention <i, ibe Author ofhit
Beildcs tbc Apulcgy ar.d (be LctCcrsof
''^^ ^/ makes likewile menrion of ifae foUowing Tradls. Ofa Lctwr in Hexameter Verfe, in prcUe of
tkury. Emperor 0(/)o The Verfes begin and end with the (ame Lener, and may be read fix manner

^i^'W^ of ways, which make fo many different Seafes. Of a TreattCediredled to Odtio Abbot of Clunj, a-
bnit ihe Harmony of ibe Gofpel and of another Trad caocerning tbc Cycles of all the Years,from

ihcBirtbpf Cbrilt dowa to hii iime,wbicb Siriitrt fays is a CoBuneficary on ibe Treaiiie of ^t-
Bmut, Tbey likewife airibote loJiim tbe Abftraiu of Uk Lives of tbe Pofoi, taken out of ibe Hi- *
ttory of Aiufiajim the Librarian printed at M*jitiK« in tbe year i6o).
, Tbe Life of S. BJm$tid
King of Bi^Und and Mtriyr. Fttber M*hilif>m has given lu an Excellent CoUe^lioo of Canodt com*
pm'd by Ahift, and dedicated to the Kings i iu^i and ^«ttrt, ia the fecond Tome of bis Analeds;
N ftilc 15 vtiy puri: and elegant, and bis Conceptioos arc accurate: He was very well vers'd
in ibe Kuies vi Diicipiioe and Morality. Hie 2e«l fiwih* Mowfticil OrdBr« tad tbe iKereft of
tbe Monks, created bim a great many fiimaas Imbm6 « at lli fifi Utaiiiclf» keiad always in bis
Tbuugbi« the pttitu.lion of tfaeMotikii wlhHloaabliidihtfir-bMm NpMaUoeciJbBl^ aiil op-
jpot d all wbo anooy'd tbcco.

AI M0 N 1 Monl^oj Elcury.

/lion 'T'H E Lifrof i*^^ was written by i^ifuwn Monkoftbc fanoe Moniftery. Hewuof MuitMm,
MmjI- r.f [ht Sun of ^nenoude, ihe K\a(v.'omiu of Gerald, Lard <:>( ylnlircrre. lie cmbrac'd tbc Mo-
Hcury. oaRick Life in tbc year 970, «i(Micr OiVfeiUSr Abbot of & BatediQ upon the iMrei and flour ilh'd
under hit Sncceflor jlth, whofe bitlmate Mend he wu. (4e nteoded bin m bis Journey to
nigutf and after hbdeatb rcturn'd to his Monaficry, The prirci;;.il PiiLC of this /iimom 15 his Hi-
ftory of France dedicated to Abb*. It was primed at Pmu by B*dm 4jcettfim in (be year 1514. un-
der ibe Name of jUmmim. Fifty vean after Moniear PifAw» or Fithtmt caai^d it 10 be re- primed
from a Manufcript, luidertbc true Name of Aim>in. It was publi(h*d in tbe year 1 567. at tbe Prin*
tiog Houfe tdl'extl. In tbe year 1603. ^smet of Bnuii, Motik of S. G«raum del Prt:{ » caos'd it
to be |iriiited, and pretended that ic was writ by Ainmm, a Monk of SL GermMin. Ten yean after
Trcherm infcrtcd it in ihcB 'y cf the Hiflory of Pr-inee, which be caus'd to be printed at lUnoucr.
Lattly, Tbe Mejfuurs Ducbefme inferted it in tbc Third Tome of their Gilkciioos, printed ia tbe
year 1^4 1. Tbis Hiftory is divided imo fife Bodes; Bat of ^immi's there arc only tbe three £rft
Boo!c$, and one and forty Chapters of the Fourth, which cods ai the foundiog of tiie Mooaftery of
FUurj. The reft is compild by a Mook of very late itanding.
Aimnn n likewile the Author of two Books oS the Miracles of S. Bemdi;l, which are tbe fecond
and third Pnoksuf thcfe four, which arc in the Library of F/w*'^' » ofihcLifeof S. y^W^.rr.fnri: n'J
before ; ui a Sertnon upon the FeAival of S. BenediR i and of feveral Vcrlcs upon tbc lirft louDJing
of the Monaftcry of F/«ir», printed in the Third Tome of tbe Colledioo of Duchcfnt i tCfgcthCr
with another Trcatifc in Verfe concerning the Tranflation of the Relicks of S. BiKtMtl. He is not
altogether fo elegant at bis Mailer But be wrote with great accuracy, and bis Narration is
plain and picaianc, widxHtt hftvfqg UBf tbtog of ibnAttBcfii M mie wbidi KfCfalodKr AvchatB of
(bat time had.
Tbe Abbey of LoUt, in tbe Dioceis otCmnhray and Principality of Li^«i founded in the Seventh
Century by& Vrfmary prefcrvd theMonaftical Difciplinc till tbe Tenth Centtiry, at which time
its reputatkxi was farther iacreas'd by Icvcral Abboot who for tiieir Piety were defervcdiy adranc'4

to tbe3iiboprick of LitgCt and rccamneadedibeaiiiUrato the Worbl by dieir Wriiiofk

ST E P HEN Akhot 0/ Lobes.

"T* firft is Sttfhim wbon FjniSeHHicdb t Learned Mui, and of whom he fays,tbat be «blerT*d

the Rule of ibc Canons : which made People believe that he was a Secular Abbot. The fame
Author adds, that he has cait into a more potilh'd liiic tbe andem Liie of S. L*mhtrtt which was
written in a cou(fcdre<s,andbenDMdea very famouspieceof Profeovtof it: Thacfaelikewilbaude
another (mall Trcatife, compot'd of feveral fine Tboiighu extradied out tyf Holf Writ ; in u hich
be has inferted the Chapters and CoUedb of each Feftival in tbe year: and that in tbe Preface he
obfcrvcs ibat be bad been advanc'dco Mttt^ by dedicating bit Trcatife to Kgbert fiiihop of that Gty.
Sigibert fays likewife* that be made a piece of Prole apon ibe Trinity, aiui upon tbe Invention of
S. Stephen the Proto-Manyr. Utbers lay, that tbey are ocftain Offices appointed for tbele Feltivala.

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of the Tenth Geatury of Chrijliamty. 53

The Life of S. Latnhctt was publiWd io the Htftory of die BjOopt of Lkpt bf Clk^Mmti, Thk Stephen
Stcfixn vruordaio'd BiHlop of X^m io (he year 90]. Aibtt ^
After his ibe Bitapridt c7 iMgt was oontdted » as was formerly hinted, bedveen nttAdn^^'^
and I^'quier; but the latter being Abbot of Ldrs, «rr:( ii it from the other. In hi* time the ffu-
df of ibc Liberal Arlstnd Sciences (fays Fukutn) began to flourilli in the Abbey of L^s, at)d the
flBOft fanKNW Profcflbts of thiin were Scamin. 'Thiodtiim, aod I{sth*rim. We
bate already given a
pftrttCQUr Acconni rif The Trsnljiflion* an 1 \^'rkrrifi ^.f the Iaf> of rbc& Perfonj.
, Trithemim like-
wife attribatn to H^lirtin, who i^quur tor the Biflioprick o(Luge, the Title
vixk CompcilIOr with
cf Abboc^l«i^. nnd afTotYs us tbic be wiUtc«tifc Hiftory of the Abbots of that Monaaety, mnI
fcwi>1fluiBa<ii r bot'cis pcobabletJat WSikeo, WW that he took ud for mUm fiMb .

F yLCUIN Mot of Lobes.

T Nthe eod of this Century Fukuin or Foicuin was cboien AbUn u( Lo^j. He iofc a well pcun'd Fulcuiii
^ Hiftoryof that AUx^. from k% fixttfaatdioghf LMde/in Mad SJZJrfmgr tahistiw^ whidkwts Abba^
pubbOi'd by Fstii r D. Luk? titcbeTy in thr Sittb Tome of hi<; Sricilr^ium. He has likewife com- Lobc^
pc's'd A I ftaiiic ui rne Miracles of it. Urjnur, rclcrr d by Hnychenim to Afrit 18. aod the Lifis of
Pukum Bilhop and is contain'd io the fifft Yut of the Fourth JlcMdKSiiwCrasujby FttberM-

UMm. Mm Sn w»» cfaofen Abboft in the year "97 5. «>d dyld io 9190.

' '
.* '

li ER I GER ^^iJi/i 0/ Lobes.

HE had for hiJ SjcccfTor Bfr»^#r, the Fnend of AW^rrBifliop of Liege, whole Works are com- Herigcr
pifd IB the foIlijwingCatalogue, colJe<^ed by the Author of the Coatiatution of Fidettms Hi- Abbottf
ftory, w
The Hittory of the Bifhops of Litre : The Life of SL Vrfmsr io Verfc t A Later tcJ Lobck
abooi (jctegul Qadtions, tod two txbet Traces > which were nerer pubKlh'd ; A Trettife by way of
Dutlogae between him aod AlJebold Oetk of the Church of Liege, and afterward Bifhopof Vtr^h»
oonceniiBg theDi(iiai£0M of the Cburcb^and the Qacniiig of our Saviour : Aod another Tteatife coo-
tdniDg«CblliQVm <if'in^mir!ar<Kcsof ihet^tl^ the Body and Blood ofJBSVt
C I^I S T 3^i';{)i\ PtfchaJtM I^aiUrtvs. Tbc Hiflory of the Bifhops of T/ri was pub/ifli'd bv
CAgfaaarffi.^and hii Ticatile of oar Savioar's Body aod Blood is that Anonfmoqi f fet forth iP
KRBbarCklk.lle LHeof 5.t;rfWi8 mnH^fimtit frferr'd to April if.andtmMbef' Vorkt are onlf
in AfaMlfcript. Scmt th'i P;i 1 alfo aiirlbvucJ tu bim t'T- tbc L?ft of S. BerUnda referr'dbjT

Balsajbr 10 f 3. aod by Father Mtin^on to the third BtiUQtm 4^T«ty. aod that of S. CMjttUt^
jlinfattdoAdcr ibe Nuwof Nuger ^
S»im wMirdS 19* Thii Abbot died in tbe feit

ALDEBOLD ^i/hop,pf Utrecht .

^A iMfUCktk of tbc Church of Lim , and afterwitdi du&n JBiOm atVtrecht about the ^^'^
9«r ioo9.iMiiie(lieffiftar7ortfce%pettyrIfe^
by $iirm in Juh
Saints writ
wlUalittiiittAI In'tbetNci oT the ^lI^
en J in the Fifth Tome oiCaniJm's AntiquiticJ. 7ritl:mim Tikcwile r^t^^^l^
1 :

aukcs mcMiao of a Hymn inCommeodatioa of tbeCrols • of another in praife of the Virgin M^tyi baviL left
•Bdof ianeQiberVoi]aoftbe&iBeAi»lw, aawKlliBFlnfe« HedkdwClXioiy. hnFmphj-
fKcitts in
tbe Cmt of tbe EMfim Henry IL wiam be ferVdin ^alUji of a Privji Cmjetiir and General tfbk Armies^ he became a'


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Abht cf
ALBERT Sbottf Gembiours.

jit.hin or Olbtrt Abbot of gwrf/mry. s likewiie one of the Writen who proceeded from (be
Abbey of Loi«. Si^ftfrf informs us, tbai he wai a Perfon iltnftrioas for his profound $lti!I in
Homan Literature and £odeiia£tkal ASaus, as alio by rea^ of bis great Zeal lor Religion, aod
tbat be render'd bis Name imniiDml by wrhiogtbe Lifes of tbe Fatbers, aod oompofiag UytDos io
Honour of rhe Saints; but more rfpecislhr in rrgard rfiar hr was Totor to Bucbard fitlbop of
fV«mus, and incited bim to ihcltudy ot Divinii) ind ctoiu hxva lopoblilh bu V'ufame of Canoos

Ibufefbl to [he who^ World, wfaidt waswrhien anddidated by bim, and cotnpil dbjr tbedtttgeace
of that Albrrt. Sigebert does not fay cbai he compos'd thofe Lim of tbe Faihe:s, boi flO^ tbai iw:
wrote tbem wiib faiu Hand > oevenbelefi Tnihemum aakcs bim tbe Autkor of tbcm.

O D I L O Mon{ofS. Medard at Soiffons.

Odik> /l^'^ MoiAi o(S.Me<iUrdtt SoiJ^s flourifli'd aboMihefttr 920. aod wrote • Book ooaceniing^
JUaftaf ^
ibe Tranflatioo of the Relicks of S. SebtjiUn Mtrtyr, and '^.Gn^ry Pope, to tbe Mouaftery of
S. Murd S. Med^erd, dedicated to higT4m Dean of that Abbey, wbo was ordiio d fiiiliop of Imm , A. D. 931.
^Sa^on therefore 0</i;«'i Pi coe precedes tbat year. Ittsreferr'dby £a/jkN^io7aMun7io.aiidiotbefoanl»
BentdiHine Century by Father MdMm, who bas likewile gi?en as m ibe (ame Volume, tbeHifiory
of the Traoflation of the Relicks of & Hhuftim, of S. MtraWms, and <^ & Peter aod ha Comp*-
wai^ made io the famr Mntuftg^ AC. teS. aadmianitgrtbeliiDe Aatlnr.

GERARD Aldiot o/ S. Medard at Soiflons.

Gerard /^Ersrd Abbot, oi ratber Dean of & MuUrd at Scifcr::, floorift'd ta tbe middle of the Tenth C<m-

Abbot of ^
tory, having found ao anckm MasBfcrtpt ut ibc Life of S. J^Mannv/, be cait u ioto a more
s. Mcdar^piite
ftile, and aaade another of it in Vcric which he pre&nted to Orb Arcbbilbopof J^,as it

<rSoiflon^f^pf,„ljy tl^£piftle[>£j;c^fory puWifh d by Father M^W/wi in tbe &ft Tome of his Anateas.
Of thefe Works there uooJv exiaoc lite Aoaeoi Life of i<MMWu» tbat be oocreded, and wbkb was

« •

JOHN Mhot of Arnulphus at Metz.
Toho Alh ^Ol-n ofCer^r, and afterward Abbot of SL JHmioi Jm^^ut
Monk u
M$t:(, floarilb'd tbere ta
MefSJit-J lime oi A dither cn, who was BUhop of that City. He wrote Ae Life of ^GpUkfimds Abbels
nulphus at of A&r:^, and the HiEory ctf her TraoIIatk»> with the Life of S. 3ohn Abbot of fail Pttron^
Metz. dedicated to lUer^ fiUbop of Mff;{. FiibcrMiMIlM Im mferced thefe Works io difttcai ToBKt
of ba BemdiQim Ceatories.


Helpenc ZJBlfiric or Cbilperic Monk of S. Gal, cotnpot'd in rhe year 98c. a Trcatifcof the Calendar, rbc
«r Chiipe- FidGue to wbicb was piabliih'd by Father Mtbtltm^ io the Suit Tome ot his Atut{eSt,iMd w hicb
1^ tt^ wMy yttoT'^'i ilHwili i rp fciAtlihtiiyflf %Qvmiiit4uPn^

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of the Tenth Century ofChiftiantty. 55

BEBiT HlEK'PrieSifVd^m. ^

<DErtbkr Prieft of rmAmwnxca Compeodioitt Hiftoiy rfibeBttoptof dittGbucdi, aod dedia-

ted it to Ddio, who was tbco Gomaoor of tbtt Gmncry. It was pablifli'il by Ftthg fUriwy

todKTweUidiToaKof ihe$/Mf^«Mu He floorifli'd about iiie7eu9S7.

This Work of Bfr/^jcr was coniinu'iJ by an Anonymout Monk of S. FiVw at F«ri«ii down toAngmdifi
1tvrt7 die FonrKeocb Bilbop of that Qi7.^rwaid tamtiie$ Monk of Lunjud at laftof tbc Ume
Mooaacry of&Fir'fMatrfrin , mdea SoppkniawaadCottimdMOfl^ toibtlte
of Alhtron, rhj[ is to fiy, to tbe middle of the Twelfth Century. TbefeWodbiM fittDW^fef
otlMr Coatiaoaiiaa in tbc lame Tome of Faiber DMbtr/t Sfieihgimm,

ADS^ MotofLuxeinl
THere were two Monkj in tb« TfOifaCenmry who bore tiic Name of yiiija Tbc farft of tbele, Adlo Ab-

tbc Abbot of Lmxndl, wrote a bom tbc year 9^0. a Trcatile of tbe Miracles of S. VswUhertM 'f
ibc third Abbot of Lmxwi/, tfrbicb if contain'd in tbc firft Tome af the BtmdiBifu Ccnrari«. Tbr
leaxici Abbot of Dtuvres in tbe Diocc6 of Botirgts. is the Autbor ot ihc Life of S. Bercsue of tbati

ofS. AV^Coafeirori of cbeHiftory of tbe TranHauoa and Miracles of tbe Uner; of tbe Life of "^^''^
S Frcdhfrt Abb )T of Cr'.ltr, of tbc Hiftory of rbe Traoflatton of bis Relicks :and Jaftly oi the Life
ot S. Mdnjuet the hrll Biihopot Jeut. All thck Works> except tbe lift, are in tbe ieooad aodtoaub
BentdiSiHt Cemaries of Fatber Mak/ilm ; tbe laft was fahfiOi'd bf Moofienr A^m». TWi Aarinr
flooriili'd aboinlIdle yeac 980. and died ia jl9i.


Mook of tbe Abbey of MU^ or S. MnMtn io tbe Oiocefs of OtUsmi, i\mnii\ d about liic LetaUus
J EtMldus
end of tbe Tcntb Ceotnry. He wrote tbe Hiftory of ibe Miracles of S. Mtxtwun or hUmin, Moali tf
tbc FbQoder of tbatMonafteryv^Uifli'd by Fatber hUUUm ia diefirft Tome of his Btiiedi- SMaaia,

Amw Cesinries; and it is probable tbtt fae isdwiainewiditbeAmhor of the Life of S- Jitbm Bi-


The Hiftory of the Churches of Germany.

TP Hii Emperor Armdpbm the Uii uf tbc BracLboi C*rl!m

wboobtaio'd Gtrmtny ix jfg j^jg^^
tbc Stocfci
^ Im loberinoce, dyi^f in the year 899. left wbo being only Ititimt of
but one lawfnl Son oam'd L<»«,
c%ht years old, was committed to tbe Care of Otbt Duke of Stxomf^ wbo
tnarricd bis Sifter ; and tbf pmpirt
oiUitto Arcbbitbop of hUjfenee : Soon after be becaoae Heir of Ltrrdm, of wbicb J^uentiiold Grrnu-
Billard Brother was in poflefluw. fiat be was not able to Ibbdoe It^* nor to caufe bualelf to be " •

oown'd Emperor ; neitber did be live long, bw dyed betweca eighnen and twenty years old, ^'"'^ ^'^
if. C. 91 1. leaving only two Dangbters, named PUieidiM*»dhUtbiUK. Tbe firft vfu tiMrried to^"'^
Cmr*je Ooke of Franemia, and tbe other to H^mry tbe Fowler. Pake of Saxmo , and Son of Duke
OrAa Tbe Eftaws of die Realm defigninftn OMdic dwCniwo apoa diat Qiit, ba dctod 10 be
ano^d by mioiiof Uiold Agc.aod adfiw iNfcw difcCwwdr Daka frawwrfat InrMi Son
9 Hut^

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nr:JlM-Hmi7Dukeor54xwi>, wboie Moderation wu not ib gitat, dtim'd « Right to part of the King-
ttth$ttf dom, u having nuuried one of che HcirclTci, revolted againtt CMrddb, wag'dWar with farm, and
r^.^N^gatn'd ibe Battle.: however rfaic Ad vanuge prov'd ineffedual, and always remaio'd in
V OC***" I>ofr«lIion of rbcifBr6iiB; dVatb; ^liich hap^sen'd in rhe ^eir 91 3. When he left hitnry Duke

7^ ^ ctm.
^'^'"^ nis Heir, aod oider'd cbe Loidt to wait apoo bim with the Crown and the Royal Orca-
peribnn'd hit Uft WiN, and adbiowkdg'd tkmj Ooke oi StxtHf, fomani'd the F»m-
tJ'\^\^ ^"^^ '^'^ 8 German/. Tlui valiant and pradcdc Mooekapcjn awe Arnutpbus Duke of Amr*
J delated the //umfrfAw.wiip ravag'd (ietauut^i ov^rdiqie ilie Vandaia; fubdii'd hobeM^i
indaner^ving reign d Seventeen yearly cfjred ^. C. 93^. 'the Lorda fu6ftiiafiid tfi his place big
elded Son 0:ho, aficrwarcfs lurria tn'd tbe Grr^r ; againlt u ho!n his Brother IJtnr) made War, btit
f .. wu defeatf d. and mortaN^ ^oundefl in a fight. , Tbe DnkcsGiilert and Ever*nL who were Au*
. ihOfiQr lUilRevolE, perHhdtnaootberfingajieaient neftr Andenm^ and left Oroa ia the quiet
pcffdiion of hij Dominions, which he enlar g d confiJcrably ; and joyn'd to them the Kirgdom of
Xi»iy, wiib^ii^e Impcnal-OigRUj, w^id) palled to brs Son Otho^ aod to his Grandloa at the lame
Name, as it has been already rebued.
Under thefe Emperors, who were no leli Religious than Valiant, the Chnrchei of Qermary u cre
in a lioorilhing Gindiiion, by tbe means of a great number of Reverend fiiOiopst the Writings of
ieveral Aatbon; aod che propagniMof ife if^^ among tbe Noifbera People it whtc we Hm
flull proceed to Ihew in giving an Accoiint of foch Pdibmilliiftrt(m lor I

ly, as GermtHf has produc'd in this Ccmary.

S. XJLK I G 'Bijhf of Augsburgh,

..... '

. . ,

ll^ ^ AaU begin with Vlric Bifliop of Angihurib AhcHtH Fio^.

S. UInc
^ S.
ly in Gtrmait;, tlie Son of Hi^Aut and tbetfirgti ; He begin to fiiuff io the Mohaltery olS,
64/, and was uken fion tbeoce loM pot under die Tuition oufdaAnmi JBiffio^ of Amthurgb, k
tbe year 909. He made a Joordey to ^vmk, and during bis reGddift dM^ JlM/lirmdi6d, aM tdk
Hiltin his Succeflbr, after whofc death Vlric was nominated Bifhop of AugsUirgh by King Ifen/^^
A. C. 914. He wu bigUy eftcem'd bj cfaatftinoe, and the Emperor Otbt had a panicoUr refpet^
Arhin. ItePlrebK^ lalikemamer, mtdenraotber Journeys to J^mw j one alnnt tbeyear 956.
and tfaeotber near the end of his Life. He dyed A. C. 973.
ibe 8gd yew of Ul Mge^x hnm^
govoned ihe Cfanicb of Aigthirtb daridg Fif^ yean.
HiiLife, ^MdiwUwtiiml^MAatlior^iboltrinMhUMdG^ wlowttCsmemporary
wkbhim, contains many remarkable Paflagcj. It is there related, thatbcCdes the Divine Office,
which he liiog every day with bis Canons in cheCboir of Church;
bis He was wont to reaie in
yhHfcM«rtU Ofitoif Oft Ikftd Vitgitt, of ifct HolyMa^ and of AU ibt Sairni; whb the co-
iMPAtter; andlBat h^waiacebftaiti'd to&ytMe^ two, or three Ma (fes accordingly, as the time
WMtA perttiit : That in Lcm^ Matias at Night, he cootipu'd bis Praycn ti^ the
after having (aid
b9ht mt IM ItH rdbg to tbe Vigils for the dead, wlwh he fiing wiiliibeChoir, and afiefwodc «feo
; That be continued in ihe Church at Prayers till the Canons return 'd with the Creh to cele-
* Thf fif fi * Pn'mg
cj tlx RO' brate Mais, at which be alfiited, and kifled tbe Hand of the Prietl that officiated That after :

man CAfla-j^^fj \^ fu^g ^ Here* with the Canons, and that be renuin'd in the Church till tbe Sextt i when
m^fhitrs.^^ vifited tbe Altars, and kneel'd before ibem, finging a Mtferere and a De PrtfumJk That then he .

Camber, to wa<h bis Face, aod to prepare for faying Mafs That when it was faid,
J^"^**. return'd to bis

Vefpers after it, he wag wont 10 viit the poor of tbeHoip.ial, to waft the Feet of Twelve
ji/^s, mongft them ; and to give every ooe a penny : That at his departure from thence, he lat down ac
Table > that after having eat, be faid bis Compline, and retir'd : That be fpent all the days of Lent
•Acr thimaBner, till that of the Indulgence, commonly call'd PMnt-Sutidty: That on that day,
be went early iatbe Monuog io the Chnrcb of S. Afftr^ Ahere be fans A Trmity-Ma6, and made
a Beoedidiod df ^PlIih-TiA B^hcbH. WbUiBecarriM ahodtirt noetfdibo, aecdropanied with
the Clergy and People, with the Gofpel, the Crofs, tbe Ba nncrt, and an Image reptclcnting our Sa*
Tioar fittngon an Afs, Mfir w
Mounr Ptriticb, where be was met by the Choir of Canooi, aod
EtbfePtopIti WbO eofttMilR way wiUi Moi-Ttee BrtodMor GaMMMi: That fie AMeia
atibn to tbeoJ ti^n oor Savionr's P»!lion, and that they return'd togciher to <Jrg Malt in tne
i«l Cfaortb : Thai dMriog dx thite fe^wrfa^day . he bdda^Sf nodical Ai&iobly : Tl«t
nUr'm^ht dMrtftd t> Wh
t »fti trt„ QxdbMd
iheHo^ €biy«B aM mlHf Ofk, omI dti>
Rribu^ed thcii amori bis QergY I That afrcHrard ha wcdr, itcording ro his tifaal Caftntti, loTifit
ttit Hbfpftal^dm wbeocii hie mun»>d to tb^Ofaofifc i GMbrd kwtlvt poor Men io the Vtttry , and
HiJS^meWki TIMkaGlbihhMi^t^ Admioi-
IHtrftbfc ffciy S»cr4Wrtt ro tbt Pfopli; as nn ihe pirtediog day, be laid up the frfl of tfce Fucba-
^ in drtlji^ tb bory ik, aceordirtg tOtbeCoftanof dB& tintes* aod thai at Nigbt beett Bread
1M| aMdftii^. MM tm^ ^MMtttStUtm A^Umtt^ ofl^lbtMidbrM 9tk^
o tb*

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of the Tfenth Century of ChifHamty.

tbe Repethioo of ibe Plalccr, the Skigiog of die TJuce Ltuoin, the Biding of liie Tapen, and tbe S. Uiric
Rctdingof the Leflboi, be went in Rooeflioiito S. T^^n't Cborcb, «bet« lie bapriz'd three lo&att,
and then rerttrn'il to Cclibrate M«fj, to AdOiinUter rhc Haljr Sacramem to tbe People, and to fay A«g*-
Vcfpcrs : Tbac at'icrwirdi be dikributcd VidutJi to a great many Peribas: That on E4fier-Da]>, af- '^"^^'^'^^
w cbe Prime Office* be ul'ually went to S. dmbrofei Cburcb, wbere he celebrated tbe Tiinuy
Mali, and rrr'jrn'd from ibcnce in Procc<rioii, carrying tbe Image of our Safiour with the Carpel g
tbe lighted Tapers ibc IiKXole to S. John BaptiJl '%C)3\iVQ.h, where he Sung Tierct, a ad Jroia
tbenoe to tbe Cathedral, wbere be lung Mafs and admmillred tbe Sacrament to all the Aintlanit;
Afterward be gave Provifiont lotbe Canons of bis Cathedral, an ^ to iH j C!crpy i;f S. ^frdtCbatdti
diftributing to tbetn Lambi FleHi and pieces of fiacun, which bad been blcilcd at Aia4 and gave
ttan A very fpleadid fioteruibaieai. Iiiitlfoobfervable, tbathewaswoattovi^iliisDiDeelieTC
ry Fotir ycMS toiaftiiiifttbePleo|4e ; toadminifterihe Stfaimfcat of Cnn&nmtioii, «ad to idowa
bit Clergy.
I (halt take do notice of a great number of Miracles that are related in this Life of & Vhic, nor
4lC tkofe that were wrioea bfiStburd bis foartb SucceflbTt ud by Btrnt Abbqt of Afer : but 1
CMMot omh tbe Hiftory of AtMlhtn Nepbew to tbit RevcKml Bifliop. He bad caits'd him to be
careitilly edacatcd, gave bim an Abbey, dellgn'd him for bis Succelfor, and made ufe of bis Setvicv
in tbe miiiageaieaiof aJl hii Aifairs, as well at Court, as io hi> own Dioceli. To gain him gi«4*
ter Aotbority. be ii t w m
d ifee Emperor, in tile laft Journey be imde to /(omf, to voudbfafeto encruil
him with th; fo'? Adminiflraiiun of ih:" Affairs of his Diocef*, and lo tioni'naic Siiiri fur hisSjcccf-
Jor. AdMbera npoahis reiuro frooa AtntbHrrlty Q« only ctiu'dao Oath of FtdcUty to be taken to
Ub, by tbeCiergyand People oftfae City, bottlfeprefiiOB'dtode tbe CtdbrSnC Tbb Attepp(
gave otfcncc to ibc Bilhops of Grrm m', mfcrnuch, that in a Council beldac Ingelbeim in the year
972. in tbe prefoiceof the Emperor Otbo, and of his Son, to which S. Vkk^ and AdMlbtr» ifrene
Mumm^U } « Praoe&waa drawn upcagafaftdklaner. for prcTaniii^ to bear cbe Maifcsof tbe ft^
fJtfcopsI Dyniry ar;.i npon thsT accnimr xhcy proccdeil fofar, is to declare
, him 'jncapal^e of iuc-
cxseding ha Undc m the billtopnckof Aag/kuijb. Whereupon the good old Man, noc being able
fufficiencly to expjkin tbe Cafe, by reaibn of bn great Age, (eat word by one of bit i^lcrks, tfaat
be defign'd to retire, and embrace the Msnaftick Life, according to the Rule of S. ^'fKfi.-'ft, whofcr
babit be badafliim'd. The Biibopc of tbe Council having trndf n Rca]Onit.rance, Tbac be ought not
tbos to teavebii BUboprick, aodflin tbis Ezamplii! would be of very dangeroos ConCrqiKncc, ob«
lig'd bim to retarn to tbe Govemmrnt of his Church ; promifing bim at tbe lame time, iha; after bis
dta^ib no other Bilhop (hould fuccced io tbe Diocefj of Augsburgb, bat AJsIhera ; of wbots they ez-
atSedanOatb, that be knew not that it was unlawful, or that ir was an Heretical Pradice. toaf-
fame the Enfigns of tbe iEpUcopai D^fniifx and KȣiacHetbe Anfaori^ of n fiiuop wkboot dne
TbbPromile fignifird nothing with refeedl toAiJbm, becaale be di^ fnddenly id a (hort time
^fwr, even before bit Uode » who bad tot bis Sacoe&r MnK7 cbe Son of Count Burebdrd., wbo
'caas*d bimielf to be diofen by fcfrce.The latter dy'if a^be lid livVl, that is to (ay, rather like a
Soldier than a Bifhop ; for in his tiitie be raifed a Rebellion againft hh Sovereign Prince, and wai
kilfd in a Bauel fought againft tbe Sdrscem in tbe year 983. After bis death, the Emperor Otho tbe
Seoood, was defiroof to confer cbtt Bilboprkir opon t^treidhnim, wbom & VHc
bad defign'd for
his Sulc< rT r bat upon hit refufal of ft, Eutychu< Count (jf ^//off was clcftcJ.
; Lui:u'</i>u.\ who

fuoxeded in the year 988. made a loorocy to H^^m 10 procure of Pope ysiw (be XV. the Canooi*
'cation of &
XHfk, which be dbiiind in aCbnocil at K*me, upon tbe reading af the VS^ and Mira«
ides of that Saint, wlio edified the Church rath r by his Life and Cunvcrfation, than by bis Wri-,
tingi ; for few are aitribnted to bim, and tboic too are very dubioas. We
b«ve «|lrcady obfenrcd
IhiC (bine make btn tbe Amhorof a Dilbontie, concerning the EcclefiaAical Fnhdiont afcrib^d cb
Pope L*o the Four:h, and infertcd io the Synodirall etter of Ratlxriut, which feems to be really To;
becaufe be returns an Anlwcr to certain Queftioas which the Writer of his Life lays be propos al to
bit Clergy, during tbe time of his Vilhation.
The fame A>rhor cites a Sermon of S. Vine upon the Eigbt Mortal Sins, and the Eight Beatitudes.
But II u robable ibai he compos d it out of the ordinary Diicourirs thai be bad heard from the

Mouth of that Saint In the preceding Century was likewile publilh'd in G«rt>umj,t letter bearing

the Nsine Porr NVr-/<ff

of S.T/'/r/c.and diredred to in ^vbich^^e advifeththat Popc,for purring an end

io tbe irregularities of tbeClrrgy, w peiaiii thtm to marry: Mention 1$ made of this Letter, iaao
Addition of B«rrib«»/ Prtclt of C:nflMt:{, 10 the Chronicon HernumitK Ctmrd^t iod its af- .

iirmM to hp mentton'd by j£neat Sylviut in bisTreacifeof the Manners pf tbeG«ri>i«ff^» where be

fays, That 5. Vine reprov'dihe Pope for keeping Concubines. But this LetKr is apparently Suppo^
fiiitioDi, by reafon that in S t^/ric>s time there was 00 Pope oam'd Nicf/«,neitbev did S.Vhic Bilbop

tf Avgshturgla lire in the titne of tbofe Popes who bore ib«c Name, The Ambprity of tbe C^hrooi- •

coo is of little moment, andy£M« Sylvim does not diftin^y make mention of that Letter; bii'c
only fays, that S. Vine reprov'd tbe Pope, upon account of his Concubines' ; which may agree with
^obH the XIL Befides that* ibit Paflage is not foood in Ibme Manulcripts of Sjhim'^ Hiftory, nor in
Ait K^num Edition. But alibo* it were tine, that this Anibor allndet to that flodnmftii ijmer, ic
iHrould obly prove (bat it was already forged in his time ; and that h I; " Ore asdeK than tbi CoQn*
db of «nd Cai|/?4M{,wfaidi, as I prefome^ cannot be call'd io ^eftiofl. . . i> #

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A Is/W Ecclefiajlical Hiftory

AD A L B E R O 'Bijhof of Augsburgh.

UtrUlfim tbe AbboK «f ^Bf:

AdaJbeio JDtAm the Picdcceflbr of S. Vlriek Amhor of tiicLiic ot S. fiift


A D A L B E R T 5, JPifto were Ssuits. ;

TH F two Stints nim'd 4iMm not oolj illommaitd GenMif; with ibe Light oi liieir i>oCUiii^
B*rbaroBS Nadoas: Tbe foniMr.
but alio propagated tliitcfiliBGo<i»i«w«gft
hit inj? preach d il to the People,
who inhabit along the Coafti of the B*Uici SeM, and having rakm
tnucb pains in CoBvmaiaUieSc/^wwwaw, wa» ordain'd tbc Ml AfChbiihop of M^^r^ in tiw

•ear 96H and dyed in 9I1. Tbefceowl,

who wn Bilhop of Prague, in Uke aaanoer preadi'd tiit
Fo^^nieri, and l^ung.trsan' The laTtfr left bi5 Bifhopnck, by rcaloo of the
GofpeltO tbe Bohemian,,
exCcffiTe Enoraiiues of the Pe<»lc of
MebmM, and departing to i<«»*, tiicre cmbrat d the Mona-
ftick Life in iteCoufWR of SL
Afar fcaviog fpentfife year* there, he rctam'd 10
be rctorn d tbe fetrond rme to R,omt tnd
and paf^'d frnm ifcencf iisroH«i^f«7 i ffOTO whence
Mefided five yean toorc ia tbe JameMooafteiy. Hewaialfo remov d again by tbe Soliataiioa ol
Ba^ry?a* King of
STArchbiflitioflMta*?, whodil^i'dP^
hii Dotntnion*, be went icto Prujfta^aod from thcoce imo Li-
'Bthimd having forbidden bim to cmcr
faith, he at kft t«oei?'a th»
f^^^^ wher^ having IbHittd mucb in propagaiiag the Chrittian

BHUNO Jrchbi/kf o/Colpga

of ibe laipcror H.wrr tbe F<»ar/fr . and_ Brother of Otj^ tU
cpi?/;.. Arcb^ifhop of Co!c^. the Soti
TdAiM ^ G«« i» none of tbe Icaft OfoatpcnM oi the Church oi Grr«4«; both with reiped to h» pn>-

byaWnter of ibat.ime th.t be bad .cqui-

,/Colo^foondLeamingat«dfi.galar Piety. Weareinfann'd
Srffi^and l^.«Tofig«ei; that he h|wi perusd att theAnooi^
iSaperfcd Knowledge of tbe
that he took a particnlarOwe of Mi Dioce* and Uep-

that he had a very hne Libi^ry j and
'7? *rtirfn'*W «M their faperfluoas Habits, zud obliging them toacopftamattendan e n he Di»- (

Confercaca. reiterated ^bortati-

riesoftbeifFondlions. as »!f« inftraaiog tbeon by iKqacw.
^ «d his own Example. S,xm Sem^s ia|s . thatof he eoiiipai*d a Gonwiinty on ^9^'
tbe Dem,Htc4m at It» alfo rc
tbelkbMfcript ofwhichiikepin) die Library
he wrote the Urn of aM»SriB» H« wi chofco Arsbhiihop
of CW»^« in the |eat
^Ittd that

ROGER ^. PantaleoD.

rr H E Life of this great AichWfliop wn wrinea hf J(«*r a Monk of PWam at Ctf^ wb»
mS^S a dcdkatsd k to PWbiMr bis Succcffbr w tbe year V7 It referr d by Smrim to O.^o^. 1 1. and

to the ftiie ot thole times. Wc alio may reckon up a great nam-

SSioI* is writtea verr elegantly widl
b^d60rm7n PtSwSi UhAifa-Cd^k and Pi«y. twm •boo are Hemy ArcfabtOop
SlVAr lfW««Blftop of I(^uihm, Sigifman J of Halherftsdf, and m«ny otbers whom we iball not
We (baU ciRiffoR fCOCoU wgif• a pttricaUj Asawa of thoje who hate (eft a>
now meodon:


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9f the'lisai^QaiJ^ii^^if ^
R A t H B DL t) U S 'Bijhot) o/Utrecht.

RiCfli^/ldSur or a OmRM by NxTtoo, dcfeended from the Princes of FrifflanA, tpply'd RathboU
himfdf le liody uodcr Ndmu or Atf«m«, ia the CoBtt of C^mt/m r£w Bsid* «nd ill im 6ioo Lemi, du&
where tboiie Fkinoes cuu'd the Liber*! Sdcaoet to be uugbc pabikkfy. He wu
cfaofia Bilhop of ijf Utfeifel*
Vtrtchi in the year 899. TWrieanar (kys, that he was well ve^s'd tn the Knowledge of tbe Holy
Saifcores , and that be wai 00 Novice in Hamane Liienture ; ihu be was of a quick Apprcbetifi-
cad much eftcem'd for bis Eioqaeoce, letMling a very Cuaunfpaft [jfe and (^veriktiM { ifatt
ke fofffn'd tbe Cburch of t^frcobf doriog Sercniteo years, aad Vrioif fcveni Trwfb ; ui>oii| o-
dwn, a Treatife of the GMnineiMlaiioii^ & McmVi; another of <bat of & Jk«/«c« ; Tbe LHeof
& Jimslttrgs i a Book' of HomiJies and Sermons ; certaio florid IXfeottries oa S. fViUmJi an
OCee of the Traaflatkn of S. Mmin ; with dhrcn Hyunsio Honoat^tbe Saiau j aid laftly
thttlK dyd ia tbeyear 917- or raihcria 918. Aoodier Writer aaaa'd IPflRMm of ftdfcs attribaier ,

to him certain Poetical Pieces, and a Co^pendiom Chronicoo. Smim tikcwife a^ibes to bim ao
Edme ooaocndBg S. iUim. Father M«i^
bat fMtfft'da DifaoNffr of iaiM #b

HILDEBIEK T ^Mi/hop of Ucntz.

TJSiditn Brother to the Emperor CtnrsJg, tbe Thiiteeoth Archbifliop of Mntfqf CrownM Otbe HiMcbert

—titGrmin tbe year 938. But afierwaidTa hiviacoQmbin'd widi Aj'dM''' Bifliop of Strat^jr, ^cbbi/hof

UtUiMm the Fi&eciidi Atchbilhepof MMt^. Piiaoe of 5«mv^ avi Sob of 0«k «b OMf.
7-fara(MMiictUftbriiAKym$;s4.Mady'd^ «Hi«q^ t CMbm «f 4f jTT^

. Pill • '.
. • i :

.JB. O N.N O ?rCorbey. Saxony.

. or Am Abbot of Cmhtj ia {^xm/, floarilb'(iJUMier AmuJfbm tod Lttn ibe Founb. Kmu Bomo itt*
i^ViTCbMif. He wrote a Treadle of tbe iaci«|&^
Adam of Bremrw, who cttcs a hiflaae oT n COPOefBIMMilBMlttf MMpiw** Wa lim bev ra
l£ftory of

I I I r

W A L T,R A MN U § ^shurg. .

I^Altrsmm Waliramm
" or
year 8os> and did not dye
Biflxipof frmili*;^,
uU 90$. it
who aflifted at tbe Coandl of ttibtirU in tbe Waltram-
the Andior of oenaia Poeiicai Pieces whtcfa are islcned nus
b lit iiMSMl Tomeof CMtfMiMMkL "i ^tnts-.

* •
V / . r -
I a
• •. r $OLO-
. .:

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$ 9 L Q M Qk}fk. 'Btjhof.. o/-Qonftaace. . .

Solomoa CO/«mmi Biflwp of Ctn^tttm &a(A at the fame time, for be caned npoi the Epi(copal Fuo-
Bi/hop if ^ dion in the year 5S1 and dy'd in 9 9. He likcwifc compos d ccruin Poems Jed icitcd 10 Biflwp

<^^(»^*'°<^i>cdiK iwbi<bite.iti the fitfrX^iw^fjfaOutNAinqHueiiif <;4|i^ Ho hadbcea IMttUv««/

\ « M' •. • .'I. ' . . .. •

.i. \f •
.1 i »•' I .:• •
I V" , •

f. n. •:^^... :\u\ :aJPi^ • ?»•• • • .•£».. . » ?

. .
."• .1.. » '{'J* Tjrl ,M • rr .••!.. i ,,.t?)..* . . . • ,'.'\\.,

' • R . • I
..•.ii.iH .V: • #. .
• * «.*..»..« . • f..::r . • i

Utho B;- D iltf«l)fii^iii^'<}r*«fAlMiftMAi^lili Snnlflbvlft tH 9«*r 9|o.-. tMl^llftol^'ft: libv^

0/ rbe Secotid Duke of SchtrnbenJ- IVb T^/^ «ft«ft A
MttrnJ^mi 1,' itriMtf Ml
-...tA rjd:t.l '..l.c'<
Stratebutg. ai^jj.-^eit^g glAtWifcdBtf^fcfccfltiftr, '
. :1

. NOTGER tieijSiammereir. , ^

•W* V icf d vcm

joaaf^ inco iBc Moniftery of 5. wi«rc be Itudicd uo^
fertus aod
T«/:^». Tbefe ibree Moob ftad^iog cogoher, ftqfftmi^ Lyfniay ia ib«t AbUv, .wbcxe
tbey h«d frequent Coufercoca oae wkb laadKr. tpplyiog ttmiUvcs own cfpedally iSe'fta<!y »
of ihe Liberal Arts and Sdcnccs, and to that of Mofick in particular : Bat their chief Employment
ynsttK oBikiinuf Fnfis, Nuiti ccMBPOi'd nany, and tranflMcd the Pfrktr imo h^Diuei far
dwiiferf iOag^Hfiwi.' Heii«MetbeLifear&6«/ iaVerle. astUoaTiettOe of dwLettm
• of tbe Alphabet, that arc ui'd in Mafick and fomc other Works of the like nature; bat the prind-
f$lo{ thm»h\i!!§^t}fok^tSj pohliSi'd h^ of his Amiqaicies. Tbe
lame Cmifiut bat (et forth fonne of the ^afes and Hymns of this Aoihor, with a Fragment of tbe
Life of S. Gal, in the Fifth Tome of thebme Work, in which is alfo foand the Treaufe of Muficfc
fit6des afatfs W«ic% Q«<^'V>^«« annbotes to Notger the S uon»m kt nb* .two

, : Bobkl of tbe Hifltry dfCbttbmuM ttlkt dihiidueii to QbtHfs the B*ld, and Mttimet bf » Mme-'
lefs Monk of S. Gal: Aad iodcedbe fcems to dilcover himfclf in the l6th Ch>(^ of the ScldMf
Book, where be declares that he it fabjcd to SummcrioE, and wants Teeth. The fame Ao-
• ihor obfervet, that he hat feep a Maoafcripc of die oTSL G«/, written bjr way of Dialogoe^ L&
which bears t&c'Name of N#fjf*r. To him likcwife is attribmcd tbe Life of S. LtfM<A>4/</ referr'd by
Surius loMarch If). That of S. Rgmdclus Biftiop of Vtrtcbt, rcferr'd by the lame Hiftorian, to
• Sept. 3. and two Botkn'Ol the M^radesbEihif Saint: fiat k'ftnot ceruin Char th((iB Works Me his ;
neither do tbe^ apfeff to b<* oF t6b fltm<! ^MiotgU^fpettt ibe "grtztt^ parf df 1ft Life in ilSe^indi
Century, anddy'd intbeMoMhof vf/ri7, J. €.911. His Mariyrdogy was oompos'd in the end
ojf^ Ninth Century, or in thebeginaio|; of tbc^Taith.
9 It i

W I Ti c ft iMb U S Uohk V ^Xorbey in

Witkhin- .

imMank. U/Itichindm, Moak o( C»hgr MoM&aj in H^^fbdiMfit tbt

H^titduebinius^ or H^Hdicbauu t
in Weft-
, Qfdn of
q^I.and IL He wrote thice Bookiof iW Hiftaryof
S. Jmtdfft. floorifli'd uodcf
AAiaasof Amot m4 ifaeFM^ aad wUcli ends at
M - .

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of the Tenth Century of Chriflianity, 6t

dK dM(li of (he itUKTi Ui«t nio ^y,yca^ 93^... Tliejr .-are dedkited to Qgecn MdtUidi, vvjtidiia-
ia liif

Dtogfater of the Emperor Otiti tnd vme pnaml at Bifi "A. ft t53&. Framfort in i $77. A- n
moog the German Hirtoruns printed in 1580. and ar the end of t particular Edinon by Mnbtmm y Corbey
at Frattrfort in 1 6^1. Siphert (ays atfo» that be wroie io \etk a fUlaixn of & Ticda's Faffigo*
ud cbe Life of S. Mihe
flfft HermiL Tbde Wcrbti^Iofti thto'to ik lift bf M»- Edm
Im'w, itereuc cem Vcifes wlachaieniribaRd lodiw Monk; w<<nrv

RCifvida a Ndtt 6f the Monaflery of GtniUtfktim, faONMr fdt ber Q^Iay, Learoing aod Piety, Hofwida «
ftmrUliM rni^ (lit Emperof Oth« II. by ivbof! Ofikf ftt iMkApM'd In Hcraick Verfe a Fane*^ Mm.
gerick upon the A^iion$ of She fikewifc Ivfore ih Veffe the P»f7ion of S. Omni
the Firft.
llop and Martyr, and ibai of 5. PeUgim \«bo iuffer'd Maityrdom n S/^riii i and iocse ocber Poems
! fcomroaldaiioo of the Virgin Mirj and S. t is alto 00 S. QmJalpbm wad ibme otber Sabn.

To bcr likcwife ii attributed the Lite of S, tVilhhd ftifhdp of EichJIadt, and that of S Vnndaid ihe
firft Abbot of HnlJc/betnt, related by 5wri«x, taHifm aiid Fatber MJtiteH. This Nun wiott: ta «
£oer iiile ibeo mod part of the Auchoi s of ber titne, aod Uttr^iiM vers'd in tbe Knoirledge- of Ae
iSneJiiod LaitnTuiigm'i HtrPocmof rhf 1 .'Ir of Otb», Was printed whh If^ncNnifi Works at
$r4m^ar$ io i6z and in (he Colteiilion of tbe Qemdk W'titeii by ^ttherm i and ber foctkal Fie-
1 .

m Wcce prioied tofftthM it MtfMitM^

1)61. by CmttAk
: • i , . .

EtiTuUdm, wbo In Ibc yeat 9t5- ruccjeeded Sttrhand kill'd by the W?/»f<jy/<it!r tt Au^shmfh, m tbe
Biiboprick of Bicl^*it, pats'd in hi* time for a very I^ai&ed M«n, ai baving attain J tu i coa- Jc^^
fefcrtWe Knowledge ititbiCwA^ Lstin, at»d/ffir«p Tongues, and more efjpeiiaif in the Art of a!ju
MuOck. He v^'rote tbe of UvH &
mihMktd VmithiU, WiAlkakid Sk,,MktU$ tnd S.BU^
He wai Bilhop for the fpace of Twt*ty ftor yean.
Anotber Oemaa Bilbop of tin Ouae cime, bas given «
the Life of S. Httntgrnd* referr'd by Sunw Gemuo
m Aug. ij. and a Nam<Ii6 Vmat nadca ^iirnltive of th« TnniktiaQa^S; Efifbmum hiSaop oS^M-

M«fai(oi^. .... , "iir'^-^'

>-l t •
» .

THIEB.RiK>*i»^>%Y Triers.

A^ffrrv Prnrnl^of the Cht»rch of M<wf *, and aiterwards Arcbbilbop of TriVr wrote fometimc Thierry

belote the precediflg Auibofs ( i«r be dy diatbe year 970J ibeLtfeof ^.LutrtM^ teiert d by ^<^^^


q- ' —

P|(JbMoAkofFH/i4wr(itetbeLifeofS.iyimw. who is fuppoj'd to ha»e been Bifliop of JWMMJt, O^te Bf:

or rather Meti{. This Life is dedicated (or<«i^/i« ArchbiOwp of IW«r, aad •wm poblilb'd/J^^
fcy B^<MrtvHft, who caos'd it la be frioted J. j6i6««t MMff, with other Lira of ibelmiftrvMi
Pcrfooages of Gtrnuny. Liudolfbvt was made in 9 99. and dy'd in 1 c S Tbn re-
Arefabilbop of Tr-V r
^Kt9$bh oompoi'd hit Work in tte NiotbCcMary. or ivtbe begioaiqg of the Xcmk Cl^fcwr

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fi^ A New Ecclejiaflical Htflorj

.. •
.,'**' :. , 'I . ' . ...

U F t IN G U F F O flr Afoj^o/ Werthia.

Y!^V/i <te ftnwdiiie t;i!i«, or tKCtxtVfftitrrieJUmi, MoDkof ir«r(£i», wroietbeLife ofS.JLii^

jrr Btlhop of Mn^fr , wbicb wu
princcd at tbc iatt Cemuor , with a Poea
of the iiame Aaibor ; (am« ntfibwe to bim Uk Life of S. Idk referr'd bj f «r/iK to fm. 4. Suffri^
</iir(ays(lutbelikewifeldttlieIjitor&iM»Kli«ftfAfkM^ ivbkh featEnw nte cuMUii
Manolctipb ^
^ ^« tii^ Adiootjrof vetf few CooDdlt of GmnairiB Ae Tenth CcMiity, aMnT we fctvt
*^~*r juftgroundsto fuppufcibii tnaoy murt; wcrebeld. The firft, of whicl},anj' Monument is remainiRg

f fir
* Cooocil held at Cakitm^ia ibcjcar o»z. bf tbe order ofCjfacnilrjKiaf of pMncr.and Hrm? King
of Gnmnry. It wtf cotapwU of mlatct, «iY ilnuM* Aitbbifliop of Afmr^ r/j^rr Arcb-

BilT.op of Coi' -^n, and fix other German Bifhops, ;iril made Eighr Cirinns. of which unly chc Firft,

Fifth, Sixth, beveaib and £iigbtb rexnaia io oar Poifeilkm. Tbe fihk forbids Marriage between Re-
latienf to cheSMth Geaeratioo. The RAb prohftin Leyncn.wbo hive Cbippels,fromfecdv&ig ifae
Tyihrsdf ihem with ibeir own bands on purpofc to pur tbem to rof;ne ulcj, and ordains d:at rhe

Prielh fluU receive and oie tbem to tbe advaiuagc of tbe Cburcbe*, and for tbc mainienaacc of Ho-
fpitaliand poor People. Tbe Sixth brioBi the Mbakt under Sabjeftkw 10 tbe JurifdiiSiantiid Qq^
vemtnent of the Bifliop. Tbe Seventh coadcoans a Pcrfon u ha fclfs a Chriftian for a StaVe, as goH*
ty of Murder. Tbe Eighth forbida tbole who give aoj Goodtor Revenaefl to a particalar Church
toukeaway theTyibadiieupiaMaaKof Mdillewinakio^ Chardiiowliicbfliqf bdoi^d
A Council The Canons
of a Council beld at Brfmdt io tbe year 931. in like manner are ftiU extant, widi s
at Eriiirdt Preface which fliewi tbatitwasoMTeaVl by theOrderof Kiag Hewry ibc Firft, io tbe Fourteenth
15*' ^^
R"<'g". "nd that it was compoJ*dof the Archbifliop of TrUr and Twelve Btflioi».
firft of tbefe OaoDS imports, that th^* FeftiTals of the Twelve Apoitics ihaii be luicmntz'd, aad
that tbe Faft of tbe V^ib lhall be obfcrr'd according to tbe ancient CoDfiiratioM. TbeSecood,tbac
no Pleas Outll be bcidin'rheCoaits of Jvtdicararc on Soodiys, Holy-days, or Fafting-days : It n al-
io added, that Kiog Mmry prohSiited tk: judges 10 Cite any Perton betore tbem m
the Week pre*
ceding the Feftival of Cbrijimjs, that of S. Jotm Baptift, ioi daring tlie wiMk time of Ltnt, till
the Eighth day after B*tt«r, la the Third it is forbiddco to defirer a SmnnxNis or Warrant to thole
Perfoos who are going to Cbnrdii or are there abeady, that they may not be diftorb'd in their De-
votions. The founlnmpons, that if a Prieft be fbrp&5bed of any Crime, and accnliKi before his Bi-
fbop, be flult be thrice admoniib'd to •dawwkdge his Faoh, and Otall undergo ooodtgo Pu-
be pi««c his Inooceace by dearieg himfeff by bis own Oath^
oiftinent, if he be fotfod Outtty, onlefr
or by that of hii Colleap !. The Fifth forbids private Perfbns 10 impofe Falts without the Con-

ftiu of the fiilhop or h^ Vicar, becaaie awi^ doit to can; 00 SuperftickMi Diviaadooi, or fat o>
dwr finifler etidf, radkr Aanoat of t Prindple (tf IVnitiM.
Wc hivc already made mention nf the Conodl of Ugr'.htim hdA in the yrar 94S. io treating of
. the ConteAs of Artddm for obtaioiog tbe Archbilhoiprick of H^im, io regard that it was chiefly a^
ftttiUed npoo tbtr adoohnc. - * «
A Courci! In the yat ibc Emperor ihe Ffrfl held at i#j<jji»irjfi ati AflcmWy of the Btftops of Qn-
ttt M«9. Br once and luiy i where the Arcbbilbop of f4ent\ prefidcd, and pubtilh'd £kveo Caooon,
bur^ A* wUcb were approv'd by the other PlreAcf.
^:9^> The Firft ordains thai the Priefls, Deacont and Subdeacona that marry, (TiiII be deposM accord-
. . iog to Chap, a J. of tbeCooncitof Canbtg: Tbe Second is agaiali Ctcrgy-mcn, wifi^ep Dofe
and Kfdt wr HoBliog, and are addided 10 that Exerdfe ; they are to be faipeoded froai their Foip^
(Jlions long tbcy perfift in fiicb Ptadices. The Tlrird cirdaicu that Bifhop^, Prufts and Dea-
cons, who ipend their time in playinj; at Games Qt Chance, fhall incur tbe Penalty of being De-
pot'd,oolefs diey renounce fuch icrt cf Garnet. Tbe Foartbia agaiaft diofe Qeffn^inea who keep
fuTpiciouj Women in their Houfcs.Tbc Fifth prohibits Monki from gm'rg cur of^thctr Cloifter s,witb-

out the pcrmilTion ot ibeir Abbot. The Sixth eojt^ns fiiQ>op« to take cue of tbc Muoaftcrtcf of
their RefpetfHve DiocelTes, and fpeedlly to Relbnhdie Difordert that are committed in tbem. The
Seventh and Fiphth forbid them to hiotler Clergy-men and Caooncfffj from cmbracipg tiM Mooa-
fiicalLife.l he Ninth prohibits Lay-men from turotngoot of the Cburcbet tiKifc Perfons towborti the
tbefiifl)opshave cominiited Cire of tbtm TheTenth attributes to tbe fiiftoptbe right of taking Cog-
; nizance of toediftnlvitioa of Tytfaet. Aod tbeEfe^eatbrmpcfr}, that ooc only tbt- Birhopa,, Prjeitii^
Deacons and Sobdeaooos fhall lotdafogleLife* but alfo that ^e other Clergy ih»a be ebUgfdjW
lift jCdkdBntfy yrim diey ciipM |o ycin of 1^

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of the Tenth Century of Chrijliamty, ^3


Accomt of the Churches of Eaglaod,

the beginning of ibeNInib Century, Kin^ A'.frti re-eftiblifb'tl the UniverHiieJ, and cauj'd 77y StAtf
TN (be Liberal Arts and Sciences to floudili va Ef^i*»d, ioviitof over the
fevcral other LearoedMea of jPhOKt 3 Im dw Kkigi Ids Sbeoeflbtt
Abboi Grimbaldmt tad ^ Cagbnd
were ^iefiy implofM
Reforming the CorrupsiooJ of Manners and Difcipline. In tbc beginning of thi? Cemury King
Edvard, upo the Remonftrances and Hircats of tbe Pope, who complaia'd that for &yen}ean tiie
whole Couatry of the H^eit'Stxm ^nu dAmve of Bifliopa, cam'd a Cooodf 10 be aObaibledu
Car.trrh-jry, io whicfa Archbiftop Pi/fgwOTj prcfidcd, and where feveril Pcrfjn'? were chofen 10 bt

BiiJiop* in that Province, and elfewberc, wbo were ordain'd by Phieimm attct bit Remra 6«nff^°^^
]|Miw, wbitber be went on pnrpofe to give an Account to tbe Pope of t£ Prooeedtngt of ibe Omcil,
and to paciHe him. Tbc Pope approv'd their Ri-gu!ation?, nrder'd thai for rhc future tbe Charcbcs
fliould 00 longer be left vacant,«nd confirm d (hePnmacy o(theChwdiofC4nterbur;/.A\l ibcfe Ai^ioof Phleemoo,
asetttributedby feveral Aotbon to Pope Farmefiiiy but in regard that ibit Pope djr'd a long wbile Arebhijltp
before the time of King EdrarJ.ihey are ratber to be afcrib'd to John the Ninib.who poifcft'd lJieSce^f|«fCi9
of i^ome in [be beginning of Edmirdi Reigni A. C, 904. to which this Council may be rcfi:rr*d.
Tfae fame King publilb'd in tbe year 906. divers Lawt againft tbe Difbrbers of cheTno-Xav Ed*
tjuiliiy nf i!;c ChnrcS ; againft Apoftateswboru be condemns to death; again'lt Clergy-men wboWttdV
toiiiuai RijL'bcnes cr Fornication ; againft liiceAauiu Pcrfom
i againft ibofc wborcluicto pay Tytbci,'^^'^*

DC keep Sundays and Ftfting'daysi and agaioft Sorceren and lend Womeo, who are coodem-
ncd It's allb ordain'd in that Edi&, that Perlboi coodenui'd tody for Ca^
to diiferent Panifluneots.
pical Crimes, Ibould be permitted to make a Confe^n of tbdr Sios in private to a Prielt i and ibac
(hofe* wbo have been deprived of any Member for an Offence , and ^rvive three days, Iboiild
caaie tbeic Woaadi bo be dicft'd* «nd ceoeire Gwfofaniai, aAcr btviqg oboin'd a Lkcooefnai
tbe filHiop.
King EthelUan, who facceeded EJmard in tLc year 923. 10 like manner caus'd certain Laws XO^'^i E-
be £Qadcd relating to EcddlaftiqUAffai^ wub tbe Advice of tbePcelaies, Lords, Aod Lewned^^'^^
IVf en of fan Kingdom, by wliidi be ordaiiTd, TbitallilKLindi; and eves tbofe of hit own De-^^'*
means, fl; ulJ he liable to pay Tytbts, He enjoyn'd all tbofe, wbobelJ any Fltjtes of him, toa(-
low lomcwbat for the Maintenance of the Poor, and other ciuiitabie Ul«: He prohibucd Oturagcs
that were done 10 tbe Churcbes, and agam condemn'd d>e Sormen and Vhebes to ImprifiiotiieBt;
an J to pay great Fines : He regafated the manner of proving tbc Innocence of Accnfc pLrfons by i

Pire or WaterOrdeali Forbad tbe itecping of Markets, orbayiiig and (elliog oa ^iundays; Aod
QrdaiQ*d that peniir*d Perfons and falle WitoeOes (hookl be dagnrd of Cheiftiaa BaiiaL To dttk
Laws be added divers Infractions for tbe BiOiopi » «ad KConmeoded the Readang ia iIm IdMnAo-.
ries every Fruiij Fifty Pfalms upon bis Account.
Forafmuch as tbe moft remarkable Circ ax an Lc« f ibofe Laws, is tbat which rdates to tha
11 c

Clearing or Coovidliog of an Accufcd Perion, by die Trial of Fire or Wafer, rhen commonly cali'd
Ordeal ; and in regard that ibe manner of perlortuing it is there expUin'd at large ; ii may not be
improper Jiere to infcrt an Account of that paflage. If tUfftmht Jefiratuta clear lui$tfe(f ty Or-
deal, tb^ it tc f'.\ h the Trial of Fire or Water, let tJiem come to tie Pritfi three Jays before be it ,

tpbo fhdli gtve him a BenediSion ufualmamer; And during iIkjc tiiree da/j let him est na-
after the
thing but Brud sad Salt or Pu'fe him htsr Mafs every day i let kim make an Oblation i let him
; let

receive the Saerametu on the day be m to imderjro tbe Trial, If it he that tf IVater, let him he CM
flung d one Fathom below the Surface of tbe fVater. If it he that if a Hoe Irott, let it be put into h«
Hand, and left there three days, without lool^ing on it. If it b§ tbst of Hot fVater^ let it be made
Laylin^ hot, and let the Hotid «r ^ras tkt Asa^ Ptifmttfiit aM» it, bo ai tbofe Trials, both tbt
jiccufed Perfm and tbe Am$it are to Fsit, mid to caiifi TMve ffitneffit t» be frefemt, mbotn^ takf a»
Odtb tPiih them, and let Holj Water he printed iipci them. TIktc arc two Mftiffff of ihefe tiait»
ooe of which n prioiBd At l«r|e» and tbc otbcr is an Abridgment of ihem.
King Bdimmdhti no left Zeif (or tbe naimaiDhig of the Dila|diDe of ibe Cbmcb, than fait
PredcLtlhir ktlxip^ir.
He hfld in tbe year 944. which was th^: ibiul of his Reigo, cvcri on Exjler- afUcal Af-
,!jy, an AOcmblyof the Prelates ajid Lords, io which be iiude certain La,wsreU^ to Cbaiiiqr, and Ami^ an*
the payment of Tytbes, andof tbe Almi-penay ; at atf> agaioft tbofe wfaoofl&d Violenoe to ArlQpv.
Nans ; againft pcrjur'd Pcif n?, anJ thofc who aflificd at profane Sacrifices. In thefc Laws arc f"
fpeci&ed tbe Eccleliaftical Penalties to be iafiided 00 ibc Infringers of tbem i vi^, Tbe privatioa
of CbrifKaafiwialandKcoimnBnieatiM. Tbc fiilhops are there enjoyn'd 10 repairiheirCbarchei
i'. their own Charge,and to prefer a Petition to tbc Prince,for tbe Reparation of others,andfor their

Oxaameocs. He likewile made Laws for tbc p unifhmem of Mardeceri^ and foe tbc regiilating

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A ISleip Ecckfiajikid Hi/kry
vi xMarriage-SolcmDhics. This Aflwnbly was bdd under ifWff«» Archbif?iop of TJr^ ttid Cut Ardr
bifliop of Cmttryury.
bdo Arch- Tne Utter made about that time, of Admoflitioa oc
certain Ecclefiaftical Conftiniiioos, .bj way
bifh«p of Inltrudion, in which he recommends, i That the Churdi (hodtd be leftin the peaceibte EBjoymcai

Cantcrbu- of its Priviledges and Immuniiics, and that tie Taxes Oiould bclaui on the Revenues belonging to
'y* it. X. HeadiDoaiOiMjibeKifttaiMltbePuncestoobey tbcAichbitbop^
to oppreA no Afifi * to tttaumfter |dUcfcte all » to puaiA CdtolBilft; and le idiefed* foar wiili
their Alms. 3. He orders ti c Bifhopi 10 lead an Exemplary Life j to vuir their Dtocclles once eve-

ry year ; to preach iIk Truth boldly to Kingi aod Princes > to Exeommanicate aooe without jutt;
eroands* and to Ibew to All the vnj Salvation. m
4. He enjoy ns die Priefb like nunner to five m
Cifa:mrpcLlfy, and to wear Habits confbronable to their Order, s He gives tbe lame Adiat»-
nitton to aJi the Clergy. 6. He exhoru the Monks to perform their Vows, and forbids ihtm 10
turn Vagaboddi cooieatii^ tBemfelves only with wearing tbe Habit of Monks, without leading «
Life conlbtiant toibcir PromTton: He recommends to thftn working with rbeirown Hands, reading

and prayer. 7. He prohibits fnceftaotuMarriages with Nuns , or near Relations. B. He rccom-

iMtitt Peace and Union, 9. He Cfljoym the Obfervstioo of the Solemn Fafts of Lent ; of the Em-
hfr^^rc\t, of fPliJfufdajf and Fridtji and tbe Celebration of Divine Service on Sundiyi^wd FeffivdJs.
Lattly, He recommends tbe payment of Tytbes. Tbetcisalfoa PaAoral Leiier wnuca by thi«
Arcbbifhop, and direded co bis Saffragaos, which is related by Wiiitan of MalmsbuTj.

An ^cm- E^ffiuBfll being kilfd inihe year 94^, hi? Brother EiW took poflc/iion of rhe i hrone. We have
Uyif i,Q Laws enabled by this Prince, only the Charter at a conlidcr»blc Donanoo ludide by bitn to the
flops at Turk^ettilus, who had been formerly Chancellor of ibc Kingdom,
Monaftery of Croa^md, 10 ftvoor of
done in anAi&mbty ofBiAg|ii aad Lwdi kddai Utf
A & m8' '
itnbe year (^48.

of Slnd, which bappen'd b 95$ Bdmin the Son of Edmund was proclainrd King,
After tbe death
but fomctimc after, part of £ii^/«ii^ Revolting, Bdgtr the Brother of Edmitt got a lhare oi his Oi-
ininions, and upon his Brother's Death, obcain'd the Ible PoOefCoo of tbe wboTe Kingdom. Tliit
Friflce being more Religious than his Predeceflbrs, entirely re-eftablilh'd the Paiiiy uf DJciphnc ui
ikeCborcfaof £iig/4iid; aod brought the Mooaftical Cottrfe of Life imoHepote, by (he Advice of
S. bunHun, mho may be call'd tbe Reftorerof tbeEcde&ftical Difciplkie B^UiuL n
This Saint was born in the Coi:ntry of the iVtil-Saxons, in the Hrft year of Ki.'ig Et}:>c!Il4nt
^' 1 ;,T
1 Reign A. C. 933. He eocer'd into Holy Ordcn very young, aod after havii^ compleatcd his Sta-
o/CiQtct '^^^^^ iiude applicatJoQ to iftMb ArcfeibidMpcfC<M«cr^Mi7, wbo iocrodiMrd hku into the frtbaavt
||iry, King Etbrlflan Afrcrward having fill'n intoftnic diTprace at Ccarr, he rctird to ^feg Bi&opof

iVimheStr, whoadvis'd him to embrace tiie MotiafUcai Life, which he accorditiigly did, and coo-
titaed 10 UtRerifeoMiie'tilltke R^of
KJag Edlnimrf , when be «it mHnd to Gowt hj Hut
Prince He did nnt remain long there, without hrinp cbnoxirns ro the Envy and Hmed of Icvcral

ferfoRS. who mi(reprefented him to the King; infomucb that be was obligVl to retire to his Solitude
of 6/«0Mm7, #bmbeiook up his Abode; ahbo' be was reftorM to tbe Fatoar of Kfng Bi/lum^
whomd sl .vsy? J preat refpcdi for him ; granted rnnfrJerable Revenues to his Monaftery, and con-
itiotl'd to follow his Counfeis, not only in the management of Civil ASairs, but alluOf Ecdelialticar.
He vh» no left efteent'dky King Eirfd, who detrrmin'd to nominate him to the Bifhoprick of fVttt-
chr^ffr; hm FJiPiH bsving recciv'd a fcverc Reprimand for his Irregularities frt in this AMv r ha-

nilhdhtm, and pillaged his Monaftery. However, King E^^j^dr rccalfd him immediately alter hit
Acceflioo 10 tbeGrown, and made him not only Bifliop of H^nchetfer, but alio conferr'd 00 bin
. the Governmfnt of rhe Church of l.vndcrt. At laft the ArchhifTi'^.prirk of Cantirlury hfh^ vacant
in tbe year 901. by the death uiOdo Eipsn Bi(hopo{ H'mchester^ who was appointed 10 luppljr

place, dying in a Journey be made over tbe Alfi to Home, to fetch tbe Pall i and Berltielim,vtho

was fubftitnted in his room, having refus'd to accept that Dignity, DunBan was Inveited with it x
few days after, and went to l^rmt to receive the Pall. At bis return, be apply'd bimfelf altogether
to tbe Reformation of the Clergy of Eag^/aW, and took*upoA him to Expel all tbofe who icfoa^d jM
lead a Regniar Courfeof Life^ and ro Reftore tbe Monks to iheir former Siatkxi.
Tbil Snot bad for bii Pdlow Laboorets and Imitator* df bis Zeal, Bibelmcld fiilLop of PTiw
(heder, and Ofmafd Bifhop of iVorceller, who founded a great number of Monafleries, and io6k
tavtch pains to Reforming tbe Clergy, aod £sttrpaiiogtbe Vicetthat were predominant in EmglgnJ.
Tbe former dyed in tbe year 984. before $. Dmilftm, who forettrid bis approaching Death, as well
, ibat r f the fiiOtop of Heehekert in a Vi!-r >v 1 : fi ihofc two Prelates made hrm bur tbe latter did

Dot dye till after tba Arcbbil]io|iL vi:^. in tbe year 991. As for S. DnnRan, he furviv'd King BJgv,

wbo dy*d in 97 5. and namiaiDd tbe Ri^ of tbe young Prince Eimind, agaiaft tbe l^irnfinns of
Alfride, who cndcavour'd to transfer the Crown to ber Son F.ihcjfredi bat £^r4r(/ being AfT-d'nated
Three years after by the Treachery of that Queen, Dmilsm was conftraiocd to Crown EtLel/red,
aod foretold the Calamideidiatffloaldbefiill Enttrntd, and ibe FaDiiiy of this young Prittce, as «
Ptinilhment for his Crkncv and Aax of bii ftkcSer. At lift S. DkuRm dy*d laden with jfran and
bonour yt. C. 96 B.
In his time, and apparently by ha Diretffion, King Bdgtr io 9^7. rot only publiflrdllawt like to
thofc of his PredeccfTurs. for tbeprcfervation of the Revenues of the Church ; for tbe Payment of

Tyibe^ and St. Pcter'i Pence » sati for the Solemn Obtcr nations 6f Satdiyt aod Fettivals i but alio

Digilized by Google
of the Tenth Century of Chrijlianity^ 6^
JiverJ Ecdefiaftical Cor<fti;urions, tcUting lo the Manners anr! Fundions of Clergy- meil ; to the
Ci.-Icbraiion oi tbc M«ls s tu tkcConfcilion ind Pentiance^ liiat ougbc to be tmpos'4 oa. cbole wbo
commit Sin, &c. may fervc as a kitid of Ruual for cbe je of CuiatBl. It
Indeed tbefe Canons U
il were madf in rhr- yf ji- 767. by King £ /j-jr but cfais does nut a;->j^ctr to be
affirm'd rhir rhcy ;

altogether UTtaio , and pcriiaps ihcy arc oi a later lUtc. l uc Uiltourfc which tbis Krng nude to »

Dm^M Afcbbidiop of Cantertury^ind to Ofwaldkad Ethelwtli fiifliopi of M'orctHcrtnd WineheScr,

is trucb mare certain. He there inveighs againft the Irregularities and Oiforders of thcClcrgy, and
patbeticalty Exhorts tbole fiifliops to joyn their Auihuri:y with His, to reprefi their lafoleoce i and to
oblige them to apply the £cde6a(tical Rcveones to the Relief of tbePoor,for t^ bicb Ule they were
defign'd. To the end that this Order might be pat in Execatica, be granted a CaauDiliioo to tbole^
three Prelates to take the Matter in band, and gave them power to turn oat of tbe Cburcbet fitdi
Clergy-men as liv'd diflbluiely, and to Subhitutc others in their roum.
By f irtue of ^
\n\m8tissi, & Dw»^4» held « General Condi ^l. C. 973. in wjiicb heordaio'd Atenerd
that ad the Prteftt, Deacons and Sobdeaconf, who would not Tead a fober Life, llkwbl be Evpeird ^tmr/if
ihcir Chiirclirs, and caus'd a Dc^rLC ru be made, 10 oblige thcni t Fm'irav i Rcguhr and Muna- Eflg'ind

ftick Couric of Lite^or to Retire. And accordingly ,tbeie three fijihops iiua d the old Clergy-ipcn oiu'"
of mo t part uf the Churches, and put Monks in tticir place, or eUe ferifd them to affime the Mo-^
nUillcal Hil>it.
S. DiUiitan did not only iliew bis Coaftaoqr and Zeal, with refpetflio the Clergy, bat alio
at jseafoui in treating^ Kings and Princes : For be fltarply teproT*d King Bdj^ar for abtiHng a
youcg Maid whtMn he dad (ent d r out of a MonaAcry, and impos'd on him 1 PLonancc of Seven
years.. A certain very potent Earl having nurried one of bis near Ktni women, be ExcomiQuxticatcd
nbtti and refiis'd to take off the Ezcommunicatkia, ahbo' tbe King had commanded bim, and tbo
Eai 1 bad obuin'd a firicf of the Pope for bn RcAorarion. S. Dunflan being iafoi m'd of it, re-
ply'd, That ht g>m readj to obey tht Pvpt'sCommiMdit frovided the Perjan bad re*Oj> repented of hit Of-
fence » but tbjc he areuld notfujfer bimta ferf^ imUtin, nor without fiibmittiKg to the Difcipltm tf
tbe Church to tnfu.t over the PreUtn, an J, ui it were, to triumph ht; Cr/n- m
At laft, the Earl be-
ing roov'd with bis Conitaocy, and the fear of tbulc PaniQimcots wtiich the Divine Vengeance utof.
clly iniii^ upon Excommanicatcd Pci Ions, left his Kinfwoooan, did Poblick Penance, and threw /f Cnmnl
hinfclf l!. n prnthaie before S- Dimjlan inaConnci! barcfooT, cloath'd ivith » Woollen Garment} unyrr 5.

boiding a Bundle oi Rods in bis Hand, and lamcming h\% Sio, fruni u hi..b S. Dumitan gaTC him Dundan
Abluluttoo, at tbe rcqueft of tbe Bi/hops of the Cbuocii. and King
The Reformation of tbe Clergy cannot be carried on without great Oppofliion, nor witbonr crra- Edg^.
ting many Male-contents, infomuvb that in King Edg4r'% Life time , the Clcrgy-tneu depriv'd of
tbeir Benefices, ufed their utmoft Efforts to recover tbem ; and having made a Complaint in an
^ Cmsdt
Afleaably held at H^tub^er, in tbe b^inoiog of tbe year 97s. tbey pitfail'd upon tbe King, by Witi-
tbeir Encreatwi and tbe Promifes tbey made to lead a more regular Courfe of Life fot tbe future : cheftcr
Bot as they were about making a Decree for their Ref^oration, on Condition they Aonld live more ilX>975«
legalarly, « Voice was beard coming as it were from the Crucifix, wbicb {voooaoc'd tbele words,
Itwiitutnnnasctmit, ycuhave psft'dm juftSntemce, mdym miM it it m «//tr jtour Dtctfient.
However, after cbe death of King Edgar ihcfe Clergy men renewed their Inllatjccs, and cvenoffer'd
fiwoe to drive tbe Monks ixit only from their Places, but alio out of tbe Mooalteries wbicb were.
kMTylbandfd But S. 'DimlfM always laabMiaM fail Refennatioa. ^bkb plwaifd ni'tbe moft part *

of the Ch'M. ivi Moiiaff cries of England, under the Reigns of E^ff-rfri/ and Ethtlred.
;. ;

&DunltoH and S. Ethefmald did not only take pains to Reform the EcclefialUcai Difdplioe ia
Bugltmi, bat atlb in reviving tbe &ady of the Liberal Sciences, and even tbey tfaemlelm aHqNMTd
fome Works. A modern Enghfh writer, call'd Pits, lays that S. D//n.f?<iT rnmpirdoenain Forma
of Arcbiepifcopal Bcncdidiionsi afmallTradk on tbe Rule ot S. Btmdicl i a Book call'd, ^lesfw

ibe Mtnaittcal Life i feveral Writings a gainft Vicious Prieits i a Treatilc of tbe Eacbvift; anotfaer
ofTythes; a Book of Occult Phibfopby ; aTraiiforthc Inftrucliun of the Clergy, and fome Let-
ters. And indeed, we cannot be certainly atliu'd upon the Credit uf this Writer, wbctber S.Duif
were really the Author of ihefe Works, ahich are no longer exunt ; but we find « Coormp*
dance or Rule r th' Moraflick Lifi-, and under the Nameof FJ^^ar fci forth by ^inrrui, which

is apparenily a Picec of S. D ^k.Qm, as '.vdl as the other Conftitutiuns uf that Prince, and there is

extant a Letter written by him to ^ulfin BKhop of r forcefiery wbicb Father M«^j7/m« publilli'd fron
a 'Manufcript of Monlictjr Fd.vit-, D<)?>or of tbeFiLuIiy of Psri. The Liff cf S Dunflsn was
written by Osborn Cb.iuntcr ot' il.e Cathedral Cburctof Canterbury, who was CotJicmporary wuh '

ibttSainc, and is fottnd in ihe Fil.h £L"^:^>iiJ/n<r Century of Father Mkfcim. c Fhl
If we tnay give fat dier Credit to Pits, S. Etbelir4id^w like maftner fiotapoi'd feveral Tra«2s, ^'^jj^fl
of which he gives us this following Catalogue : A Book dedicated 10 Pope XIV. concerning^ win-
tbe Authority of the Bilhops over tbeir PricAs ; a Trcatife againft tbofe Priefts who commit Forai- jipflffT
cattbii, and againtt their Concubines i another of tbe Abbots of Lt»di(fsmi another of tbe KingiL-
RiniFdpmt, and Biflmpitcks of e>r?/4»<j i aHiftoryof tbe Kings of Gre^BriVdin; a Narrative of.
his Vifititions i a Trcatife of thePlanets and Climates vS [iic Wi):M ihc Treatile of the .Ablxits of

LinJ^am, which this Autlibraicribaies 10 S. Etbeiwsld, is apparently a piece coiiipos'd in .Vcrie bf

AMbM^ « Manic of tbat Abibef. Tbe ote Work* irt ao longer £xtant,and perhaps getif wcreh,
bat calf k Pit/* tnu^ioaiiDft.
K The

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(6 A Nei}; Eccleftajlical Htjiory
Alfnc or The
Writers of Ecdcfiafikal Hiftory are not agreed iboot the imtnediatc Succeflbr of S. Dunjfan
^'^^'l 10 ibe Archbifliopruric oi Canterburj: Some give bim ibe Name of Siridmy aod ocbccs of Ai/rte
or jE!fric : bowever , it is ceriain (hat tbelaiicr walArcbbilhop of CMr«r^«)7 io the begtooing of
f*"^ following Centary, in regard rbir he figr d in thjr Qpaliiy a Fri?iledge granted by King£/Ae/-
rtd ; He wasaFuDil of S. Uiheiiraid,
iuccccdcd bitn in the Monattery of Akmgtan i was aticrwird
maie Mk» tf M^huiyby King FJfrtr, then Biibopof fome Cburcb b
Bngldnd, about wbidb
/irbor^ arr not agreedand at Is!*, being advanc'd ro rhrMerropolirzn S"f
j m
CtMtrlmTj, he go-
Vcrri'd clue Cburch ciH about ibc jfar I CQ^. This AuhbuTiop in (ime was io great rcputaiioa
fur bis profound Skill in the Sdenves of Grammar and Divinity, infomacbthacbe wasSurnam'dnv
Gramrvnru-sr,. Hi? Scrmnns were tranflated ini'j ihf Jj-v n TungaL-, in order tribe read publickly
in tbc Churches , and Lu Letters were inferted in ibc iyDod»L*l iiooks oi ibc Churtii ol England,
The Bfvliflt Writers aifure us, that ihcir Libraries were full of a great number of Works of tbii
Arcbbifhiop, written in tbe Saxon Torgae, and tbe^ have lately publift'd fome of tbem traaflaicd
into L^in, vi^. A Patchat Homily ol tbe Body and Blood of Jejm Cbrtft in which be dilcuiuicf

mticb after tbe lame manner as t{atTsmnm<x Bmrtm, and two Letters, ooe lo fVulfin fiifliop oC
S4lihttrjt and tbe other to IVutfian Arcbbilbcm of 7«ri^oo the fame Subjed, which were printed at
Lemlm in i j66, i6ii, and 1638. In the Body of tbe Councils is comain'd a Canonical Letter
of ^l/riCj direded to Wulfin, which is a kind of Ritual for the ufe of tbe Priells. Tbe priodpal
ManolcriM Tieati^ of this Autbcr, compos'd in the i4xm Tongue, are ao HiAoi| of the Old ind
New TdlanieM dtt die Taking of Jerufalemi • Fenhcnriai i Eighty Semom ; 1 Letter coocern-
ing tbe Monaftical Life ; another againl^ tbe Marriage of Clergy-men ; a S^Ariw Chronicle of ihc
Church of Cgmerhoy ; certaio iJaa pf ib* Saiat^ and Vcrfioos of Ibme X,4t»s Worl(» » apdig 9^
AmtbelXRlogiieor SLG^vnry.
Sotneiiiiic bcfrir; FriJegod, a Monk of ^.Saviour tt Csntrrlury, wrote in Vcrfc, at tbe rtquc/l

^ ^
^''^ °^ ^ fyilfrfd %nd of S. Omen Archbilhop of wa
^MiltfAm b
the frft Mn
1 former piWifli'd by H-
of the Tbin] and Fourth BntHaim Cbmiiki. WStitm of Mimi^
^jir^obferTCS, thar thefe Verfe^ arc not altogctbcr cnnremptihle, fa^tll^FfwdigprfiqMfpilKl^iqir
ny GrMil: words and fkafit wbif;t> render tbem ooiucUigibk.
Infrid At the(anietiipel'«l^^, • Monk oflVSrae&Qlf er, wrote the Life of SI ApIiImi tftd « |Uta||bi|
and Wul- of the Miracles that happcn'd at his Tranflatinn and after him fVnlfi*n, Monk of tbe igfftf J^H/^

ihn Mmkt naftery, compos'd in Verle tbe HKtory of that Trantlatioo, aad the Lifie of & BfbfUKid.
ffWin- TbuswebaTejivenan AMomiof alivoftaUchenofkniiHfW


Oifirvaims m tbe Ealefiajlicd Affairs of tin Tenth


Cmtrwer- f '^HERfi we^^e no CootroTerfics in the Tenth Age of tbeChoKb. reiaqM 19 Artjcki
fiei about I cf Faith, orDoftrinal h>ints of Divinity, by reakxi that thetc woe m
Heretfcks, par
Do^rhal other Inquifiure Perlons, who rcfin'd upon MttTcri of Religion, or undenook to dive
Foints. into tbe bottom of its Myftcries. The Sober Party cooteoted ihemielves only to yield-
fal^ «ii inplicite Faith to whatever the Ciiafcb*Bien tboagbt fir to deliver from the Pelpit ; and the
Wtrfligaie Wretches, abandon'd thcmfelres to grnfs S^nfuilirks, which gave Saiisfaaion fo rhcir
braitHb Appetites, rather than to the Vices of the Mind, 10 which oaly ingroious Pcr^ni jire liable.
Therefore in fhis Age of Oarki^fi koAlgfUnuoe, ibeQmrcb not being diifiurb'd upon tuaaa$ xHt
its Dodnnca, had JWKluog! iodolmiif>|iuaftapic»ilie fimnDmes of Piftipiing apd Man^
Cf$kfMih Tbos were oeverthelefs in Bt^lMtid fome Qergy 'men, who Bread and
pofitively aff rm'd that tbe
titf^M Witjc on rhe Alrar rctain'd the very fame Snbftarjcc after ConCecrarton, and thar they wrre nnJy 'be
Reprc&ntauon of the Body aqd Blood of Jefm Qbrili, and not bis Real Body atui Elood. Odp
Archbifhopof Cdnrrr^Nr; being defirous to oppole tSis Opinion, pray 'd to Qod one day, as he was
Celebrating fAtti folemoly, in the preiience of a multitude of PMple, to Ihew the very Subf^aace of
thele Myfteriet ; which happen'd 01 the breaking of the Coofecraied Bread^ out of which ( as its
reponed) iflited forth feveral Drpps of Blood ; which Mirade bein| f«en by bit Ciergy, apd by
ibofewho do^Mflf tbeRmt^ie^MBof tlie99d| of grfmi^k^ ia ifte Mwiitt^iherAfj^icd
their Error,


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of tbe Tenth Century ofChi/iiomty.
Tbns Oihorn, a Writer of tKofc dme*. relates the Ma :tcr
Life of that Sain:.
in the The fime Of th<: En
Autbur in ibc Life of S. DumJIm lays, that tbac Saiot rciurning to the Altar, cbaogd tbe i^read aad ^^""J^-
Wiof into our Savioar s Body and Blood, by tbe Prayer of Coa(ecr«noo ; bac whed be fcad givcii
the BenedivttioD to the People, be the Altar a fccond time tu preach, and that being altogether

fraolpuricii with the Divioe ddcour d af^er iucb a paihciical ouaaer concerning tbe Real
Spirit, tic
ftfcfcnce of ibe Bo4y of 9'fi>' of tbe Fiuute RefurreCUon, ind of
Cbrtjl, Eienil, dMC doe
ifVOuld bave tboagbt that « glorified Saint was then fpeaking.
Hftberius fiilhop oiVtrons ttiiiymaintains tbe fame Opinion in one of his Letters i aod Fuleuia
of i.plnft in diicoutling of ibe Eo^bariitical Tfibie, lay$, That tt h tbe Tabti mmUcbthi
atd ftadi of our Lord m cenfumd. ThLl'e Author? exprefs ibcmfclvcs after the fame manner as Paf-
ci)4/j|« J^^cr/Mf I ocvcribckii this did uuc biiidci fuuie others, wbo liv'd iti the end of tbe fame *

Cetituty, to take ppcf with ^trAmnm, to make ule of bis Expre/Hons, and to uppufc cbofc of Pi^-
d^iltt. Tbis ii fpp^reniJy d(M)c b>' Aifric ^rcbbidiop of dnterbury, and Herigtr Abbot of Lebet,
fltho' ibey do aot impffgo ibe Rjea^ Pricf<;nce, as wc have made it appear in the preceding Century.
Tfaeie are aU tbe ivipfrl^^bk CircqiDllaaces u rbe Tcitih Ceiitury, relating to Poian of OodfiHt
Ibr tbe £rroar of ihs Amtbrfanmplnttscot^WKd by Hatbetiiu in one of bis Sertnons, was peculiar
19 oernis Clergy-naeo of Itsfy, sad ibo& q£ the Grtekift nientiun'd by Pope Farmefus Jo one of bis •

I^ctfCfS toF«/cHr,are ancient, and not moderq iferefifi. We refd in a Chronicle of tbe Abbey of
^t^t that PariitM Abbot of (Uc Mou^enr^ jvtlKyc^^Sf.coofuied one^^^«4 wbofave
k flqr, fbit boili Mm $oql and ^ody pedfliaa^ 'imk > bm k is not known whether ibii Error eoo-
lioQ'dloog, neithpf is there toy of DurM^'f Piec^ now extant. THeG)otcfls tbac arofe about
bS f >)i4Hy or tiv^iiy of Prdf n«|iqQ JBidp by jlofnder^ were foqn iiic^cd. Some Perfoos were
qf Opipipa , thfK one might fc^St oo Frkhiyi, out their loi^atjoa was not of long conti-
qitfnce. Upoa tbe whole, there wf$ no CounciJ b^id in this (^cniuiy that cither debated, or
nude aoy Dedfioos with refpetfl toaoy Poiotof Dodr ioe^ wiiic^ f^^h (berc was no Error
in M P Itriw <if ft^ftmfmvH^ llW. mdc a^r P^orbaooe in Gbufcb.
W ^
Howfoever enonpoas tbe Irregularities of the Pof^ might be ac [bar time nevertbelefs a great ^/ ,

4fliaf IUfpf<5k W4» ftewn \P Um

A^UwrW. W»J »hc Cbrij^iani di/Mng*ifl»ipji according to
- iimfiUnf* RmiIe.
^tktf $eft from ihP ferpaa (jf wl^ PoQpe^d it, |Md «* aincb veoeradoa
fur tb<^ Dignity qf the Qoe, 9s y version to the ^^trair^igancies of the others; anfi upon this account
ttUfy yielded QM'mm fo ^^Wg^fW iA¥>h V4 I^it and M^ful Ordinances, proceeding from
fhr Aothoriiy of the Holy $efr llf) AfifNV'd ih? i^pri^ of tbe Popes, which iotreocb'd opo*
the Liberty of the Churches and the Joiiei^ti^ gt the M*ons. This may be obierv'd in the coo*
dw^ of tbe Biihop of Gtm4ivi, .^ttd m tbe Letters tbey wroiejcom^roiog tbe Ercdions of fiiHiop-
ridv* which die Pope auctnpud to make in l^oravtg, to the piejiidice of their Rights i in that of
ihr Bi^hupiof France aifcmbled in a Council at i^^'i^M againll Arnulfhui ; in tbe Diicourfe ma^e
bf the Bithup of OrUfinee \a that Coaocii i and m the Juj^g/i^qjt t^v pA^i'd with te/ped to tbe Le-
.tlW AtteartpiLwho prefam'dro Confacr«Ge p Cb|ityb ypft"t Ordinary. Neither ^^ *

wet e the BiOT** °^ ^'^ff of a different Opiniqa, ai ^pfffrs from their DepoGpg of Pope John
XlL S. Dtmftan Ihew'd the (ame Re^i^ion io RjeA#)g to Ablblve a Pcrfon. alibo' the Pope h«d
cxprcfly cnjoyo'd him todoiij mdlbf like contlai^ is oblerTablein /{tfridrrii/i, who did not think
himklf pblig'd to obey the Order of a Pope, ivbp ^boat to dejprivc him of the Difpofal of the
Ecclefiaftigal Rcfenaetof his Dioqels. However, Adbigoiikeni Titles were giveq to tbe Popes, and
fbeir Primacy tod JuriUit^o was ^p^nowledg'd : Tbey bad not at. vet alTum'd the Right of Or-
. daining BiAoflor Metropolitaps i fay SfalmX- an4 fuphqiWUl. fSjU^ pw^'d, tbu it did not
belong to ihemj bot they granted tbtfiall, not only- to Archbi|^(V% hoi atlb to Rveial Bifliops,
Whicb Pradlice Fulejuti or Fulca Arcbbiibop of RLi'm ccnfurcs asan Abufe, which fuliifd the Splen-
.ftar of the Hierarchicai Order. Jbey.ireredeliroas, tinyiihe Ar(:h^flK>ps Ihould co^c in Perfooi

$tm CO fccctfftftbe Ml, wlkb «ii afiully d^A* ^y the A.rchbi(bops of Bpgl^nd and GeniMX^;
•hit not by ibt^e of France.
^M'&t VdF* lilKwU« nad 10 An^iA^p^icks and BiSinpricki , and there were
*ftwtr4lfis«mplcsfBdwClpnVf of iMit famof Eivadkiona ; uMj^ddurg, Menhurg, Faffaw, Ft^t-
tentia Sic. They alfo alfum'd to tbenjfcJKs a Power to Judge Bilhops primarily, according to the
piredion of tix DtctatU, and «J%i|n'd a Bfigbt fo Summon them |o But it does not appear :

HmttheBidnpaof Fhaieram tctepvlcdg^d that Right ; 00 the contrary, tbey follow'd the anci-
ent Cttftom which makes the BiOiops lubjed: to tbe Judgment of the Provincial Councils, and to
prevent the bringing aoy Appeals to M«aie, tbey ob^ig'd the acculcd Perfons to in^ke choice of their
'\mm Jodgea, as it happeo'd in the Alair oS ArmUfhut.
Jebn IX. own'd that the Popes might be iniltaken, and that their Judgments tnigbt be revcrs'd :
That ftey ought to be cbofcn by the Bttbops of Italjiy and the Qcrgy and People of ^wie, with
•tbe Emiperor's conient, and in the prefe^ioeof bis Deputies; as it was ordain'd in the Council of
Kf:^^ held under tbe fame Jehn IX. Otho and bis Succcflbrs bad the plenary Injbyment of that
flight, and the Eledion of tbe Po|Wld<^ndedon tbofeEmperprs. Odaviam was tbe iirft of ibc
ifopes who cbang'd hiaName u(mki»KlfiSkkm,4ftw)liithhe was imitated io the fame Century' by
(tengory V. and SylveHer \\. Neither w«fc the Popetaa fcc ahfolnie Sovereigns ia ihepnr of ^tmh
-4tttbe bMiiaping of this Ccoiufy tbe MffWu aojoy ^ *o m>parvc<f of Uberty.iwderihe GofemmeBt
<i^i W i^OgM«SwiiWri i »fc aitMi|lwi>i^
ipi -
-is* littti

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6S A Hen? Ecclifiajlkd JUijiGify
Cf tht tors j caus'ii (be Honsunj to take an Oath of Allegiance to tbcm ; and treated as Rebeb tbofe who
rtft sAu- rcvoliad agaioit (hem; &u
ibe Po|>eslMd the Demeihsof a great ownberof Towns ia Uslyyitixit
*b9fitj» timegmnd by King Fi;fM^«ttd nlierwardt ecmfirm*^ TbeVriimaftbofeTiaRi*
*^"V^ particularly ^tbtriui , ifMw , Gerhtrt , and fomc otben complain'd »ciy miicb that under fome ,

Popes a ihamdfol TralBck was made ac ^gm of tbe moft Sacred Tbiog$,and tbat every tiling there
was to be purdias'd fcr Money. We alb leadL tbat the Popes were m'd to gram Indolgeooei
to ibofc Perluos who made a Journey to ttgmi aad k b fdind IBlhe life of & Vkk, dw die
fcot him back laden whb ladolgences.
SivtrMt Tfaere were few Cooodbbeld in tbis Century, and io tbe mft part of tbem tbe Decrees weie
I'vnts of concerning Tytbei ; a^ainft (h« Ufurpcn of Cburcb Rcrcnne* ; againft Churcb-rncn who keep
i>ijiijlinc. Concubines i and againit Marriages among near Kclatioos. To which pui(xjle ibe Degrees oi Con-
fangninity ere a'iemled m
ibe xveoth^ in wbkhit was forbkidca to contradl Marriage, and bpi-
ritoal Affinity took place at well in tbe Eaftcfn as tbe Weftem Cburcbes : Sucb Perfoos as aAied
wilt) Cbcfe IfnpedtQCtia were divorc'd witboot reditft, oettber were any DifpenfiuioBs granted to
Kiogi aad Mmbm* ic iFFift to ilK Cifeof Ki^l Jl^lir*^ «ad dM •
Founb Marriages were abfoltitely proUbited itf tbe Eaftcnt, b« not m <fae Veftero pariL Tbe
Bifliops were cboten by tbe Cleny and People but cbe Princcr would not fafl^r tbe £>edion to be

made without their cooftnc. ibit Invettiiures of tbe ArcbbiflKM, and BiflMricfcs, were graaned la
OfAtt by Popelo VIL ind weicglwu widttbeRing and Staff. Tbe TnollRioiy of BMkm
became very frequent, and Coadjutors began to be joyn'd with them, with Aflurance of Succeed-
ing tbem. Thus Vthe Bilbop of Str4$bmrg had AretimksUm for bis Coadjnior j bot tbis prt/Stkc
was ooadeain'd by the fiilbops —
of Ci ii y. witb ffcfbeft to ifiWhw^ whom %>XHrityk wIo UmK
had cfaofen him for bis Coad|Mor, and ^Gngfis^V. triAfdj^WlhBBilhQpfirriyiafWier* Wto
in like manner bad ordaio'4 ins Nepbew. ^
TUsGcMwy is tbe firft^ in whicbfc iitMbv^ltW AdbUovi^^
to get the pofTeifion of ferenl Bifhopricks, and in wtiicb Bifliops were ordain*d at tbe Age of eigh-
teen years, as Pope Jchm XL John XII. aod tbe fiifhop of Jttfy i and cieded very young, as Ri^ib
of ytrmmdois, aod Jbtt^US. Flatriarcb of Cm fmi mfk. Maojr Biiops of Itsfy aod Gtrmmf
oblig'd their Canons to be Regular, and to live in comixKM: otben placed Monks in tbeir Cathe*
dralst aod even advaoc'd then to Dignities; and others oo tbe cootraryitum'd oaiirregalar Mo«k%
to fabftitute Secular Clerks fa dRir room; asdid J^as&irMakieaeof the Cburcbes ot bis Dicoei.
Tbe Ecdciiaftical Kevennes wtre nfnaf^ divided into fbiu- parts, and tbe Biftops afinm'd tbe fole
Adoiiniftration of them, biu m fbnae Churches other Clergy-oMn bad particaiar Revenues, whids
they enjoy'd iodepeodeotly of tbe BifliopL After tbe Daub of tbe BiAops tbe Reveauea of d»
Cburcb, and ibofe they lefr, wercofien cxpoi'd topiliage, ark it related by H4thtriM$, jitto, ami
, feveral other Writers. To prevent this Rapine, tbe Prioceor oetgbboarwg fiiflop eogag'd to uke
care of tbem. Tbe Lords were wont to fettle Priefts at their pleafare, in tbe Cowtfy Cburcbess
Benefices were often oooferr'doo onwonby PerigotS and fomiiiti Pierfoos were ^jknc'd to tbe
Epilcopal Dignity, witbont aay merit, aiid enlyotraeemMitaf Ack qiialiiy; an alwfe m«ch la-
ixiei^ by Hfthtrius and /Itto. Laftty. Ignorance was fo prcdooakliat in tbofe times tbat it was ,

aMbbiie^iieoefliuytoadmkFriciUof iiicaopartsiotbcSMatedFwidi However, tbe JK-

AopoMtivniU ID f«nier«kmiiioie capable, by Synodal feftradimSi by frequent Conftitacet
WUtknib'fAlOriginal of which may probably be referr'd to tbe Ninth Century) by Scboolk,
wfekhmtthepaitbe CaibedralCborcbesaod Mooafteries, aod by faraiOuog them with dims
fenlMflfSeniiomad ftdwuatlo fdy prepared. TbeBiflk>piM«iMrCtergy-inefl wti«of>
ten oblig'd to bear Arms, at /(jrArriw obferves, altbo* it be prohibited by the Canoni; an ihu fc
wbjcb wascommiacd both in tbe Eaftem and Weftem Parts. In rbe beginning of this Cenuinr,
sheMoab wtte rery ktcguiaf,and cba uMtofci were iii|rtl.askl podefrd byUicks,who«flhaVI
dwqnalityt^ Abbots; but after Matters were regulated, tie Monafttcal Difcipline was re eda-
blllrd, and Regular Abbots were conftitured ; nevertbelels tbe Bilbopi for a long time retain'd
Ibaw Abbeys as it were in CMwaiMi i the fame Abbor, or the fame Regular Clerk beld fetnal
Abbeys, which be caas'd to be govcm'd by-Co-Abbots or Pro-Abbots, or Sapcrioum. To wbidi
tkre may refer tbe Original of Conncgatioas. Divers Monks were advanc'd to the Epifcopacy,
pofletsM Dignities in the CaAcditl Charches aod , WM
wdifa'd Priefts under tbe Titia
of tbeir Mooaftery. Publick Pennance was ftillin ufe, bm very rarely pradii'ci. and the Canoni-
cal Dticipiine'was enervated by tbe RedemptiOD of Pennances which was then iniro«juc'd : The
R%oaraBdAnfletityof Faftiif. watiMfernKkaband. andAeOkl^gacioa ao ReoeiffvEheb*
crament was reduc'd to four times a year.
J(4/£tfrii<i forbad in his Diocefs the Gekbration of Marriagts on Sundays, and in the time of

Lent, altbo' the contrary Coftom had prevail'd. We find ntbit Century the firft Example of cbe
Beoedidkn of aBetti fbriherekiioaKagioaiDadeof AMaiaibe Ancbois of tbe precedmg A*
es, wbo bate tieated at large of Gacnoeia.' IMerMMtf dnbi bk Notts , on & Grep^
JsaaoKotary, two ancient Marufcripis wbfebprelcribetbe CeremoQies of this Bsncdkiiioa, boi it
ss imccnaki tbat tbey are OMceaocieat cbaii tbe TciitbCeKiirj. At tbat cbne alio they began to
iMkeataaanflf DMaetSerffk^ ifae(MoeofABlKi||BMa7» bkntatadfadie LifeofS.1^
OHtSikKwitfraaiiouylicfenrdiy, and ia ihi iiMiiiiiMiMi ofifci fijftory of tbe
tit, ibtt

Diyilizua by GoOgle
of the, Tenth Cchtiiiry of Chriftianity^
BMhopi of IMhi JMadai ii mUe
of a mfaCbilc whom Jlirws«rJiftoporilir d7.iiekinf> jtft»d
man of 0/&a ibe Great, m« in the Church, lying proHrate on the Ground, and fajtog rfje Office
of (be fikls'd Virgin. Pettr Damitm in tfae following Ccnmry , in like manoer makes nacntion of
t«D CMtt wbo were wont to recite ii every diy ; ana Pope Vrhsn II. ordato'd in ibe Cooncil of
Clirmonty that ibe Office of the Virgin M^r; fhould be ftid on Saturday. We nuy alfo obferve,
tbat the Cooncils and Bilbopiof thole Times pronounc'd Ecemal Aoatixmas, that u (o lay, perpe-
nial Exoommimtcattoni without hopes of Abfoludon agtinft the Ufivpot of Cboidi Revenocs, and
againft thofc (hat offer'd any Injury to Ecclefiaftical Perlbas. The manner of clearing tbofc that
were acculed of any Crioic by Fire or Water Ordeal, or by a Duel batween two Champiao^
was then in tife, and even Clergy-men were oblig*d to provide a Champion ; bot tbere unw cer-
tain Times when all Ads of Hofliliiy ceas'd, whicb were call'd Tbt Tract of God.
la this Century we find the firft Example of tfae Solemn Canooizatioa of a Saint by (be Pope.
Tbis Pope is 7«En« XV. wbo pUc'd S Vlrie io the Rank of tbe Saints in the year 99 5 at the re- .

queft of Uutllfbia Bifliop of A^sbwrg. We dull berefobjoyn tbe Ad

it lelf* whicb was drawn the Caw*

Bp on that occalioa : ^ohmBiJhof, Strv*m if tbt Serinaut ^

G«d^ t» tdt ArM/bepj, Bijhopi «ndKixat'm4
jUatt 4 France *JL Germany, Greeting, and the Apefioliedl Btmdiaion. Onang held mi Ajfemhh Smtf-
in tbe PaJdct 4 fiiv LtBCnui, m the Isft ddjf •/January, Jctnthttmcfi Holy Pop* fittings with tbe ii'
Jhipj, Pntfis, Ducm tmt Cltrgy ftsndir^, tbi$n6ft J(«i!«reWLiinolpbus, Btjfhop of Augsburg nj/^,
11^, fdid, M»ft Htty Bifhop, tf it mty pleffe you and the reft of the Reverend Eijbtps and
tti^bm fr^ni$^ tovvt tt4v*t$ nsd inywr mffHts, the Botk^ mbicb I bold ui mj bamd, eanurtf
hgthth^mUWrtOit «f 9. Ulrie, wU mm fimUme Kfhep ^ Angsbarg, f ^ mti *bat ym nufp
^ttrtntrdi urddim what you (kai thinks fit. Then the Life of tbat Saint being read, ibey proceed^
CO tbe Miraclci which were perform'd by or after bis Death, aa tbeic-
faim, either io btiLife-ttme,
floringof Sigbttt> lbs Blfodi tbe Bmtaiing of Derik oot of poOcfid BeHoM; ifteCteringof
ocben afflided with tbe Palfie, «nd feveral other Miracles which were not comtnitted to wriring
Jbefi tbingi being tbtu rtlattd, me have refolvd 4»d ordMind^ mith tbe cemmoit eti^entt tbat tbe Atfr-
JM17 ifS. Ulrk nigbt t« be bemur'd mith 0 fiem JlffwQimi Smts fateere Devotion, by reafeit tbat tre m
etU^d te betuur amdfhem Tefpe& to the Rilickf of tbe Martyrs 4nd Confefftrrs, in ordtr to Adore him
mufe hisrtjn^i^ Cmfejforj they are : fVe hmnir tbe Servant t, to the end tbat thu honour may redotmd
f§ tbe X.«r(^'"'9~ It is our pleeftne tbtrtfire tbat the Memory ef Ulric be Confeerated to tbe HoHmr
ef the iMtd^ and that it may ferve to etdekrati hi Praifis far ever. Then follows the Anathema a-
rfttbofewbo (hall ad any thing amtrary to this Decree, wicfa the Sals« of tbe Pope, of
Btibops, of nine Cardinal Priefts, and of foaae DeacOMk
This is tbe firft Solemn Bull of CanonizatkM i for tbe more ancieat Exanplei , which are pro*'
duc^d of tbe Caoooizatina of S.Smtbert by Pope Leo III. and tbat of & jbbo Martyr by Adrian I.
at the requeft of Offia King of tbe Mereiamt ia tbe end of the Eighth Ceotory, are only grounded
naSoBpafiiiiiaas Pkcct ; oay, ibe very NaoM of Caaoaiwtion in diac kofe. is yet mofc Modera
thutbaTentfa Centary, aaditfoBMloniyntheBanef FbpeilVx4Md^ horibe Canooivi-
doaof & AAMTi/tbe CoofeiTor, King of Bmland, in the year 1 161. in that of the Canonization
& Tkmtm ciCmttrtury fi^facyean after, aaa io tbe Letter of Vlrie £ilbi^f Cmfttuet 10 Ct^x-'
wmBL ia wMdkfcewwfcr iiie CbaiaJMiioB of BMIopCaiwat
lo the Primitive Charch tbe Name of Saint was given to all Cbriftians, in their life-lioiey
aod even after tbeir Deatfa^ when they dyed in tbe Commnatoa of tbe Ciwrcfa, hiTiqg prcletv'd
ifelBHBOHNiaf tfaevBapriftn, lima SMfepittieohr ic^efti^
iJhe annMnt of Religion, and were call'd Martyn of 9tpn Cbrifi i fo tbat tbe Evidence of^ the Mat-
ter of Fad* and tbe Teftimooy of the Faithful, caord thir Vcoeratioo to be paid 10 their Me*
'my, wUeh tbeir geoeroat Coaftaocjr lad merited ; nevctdhdefi, it belong'd to tbe BiAops and
Oergy to make a Catalogue of thofe who deierv'd that boooar, and to diltingaiOi the falfe Mar-
tyrs fromihe irae. Therefore S Cyprian m his Nioty feventh Letter admooilbes his Clergy to uke
careezadlyio-BaariE all tbe days of tbe Death of thole wbolafier'd MartyrdoB, to die eMi iNs
' tbeir Memory might be celebrated with the other Marryri. Optatut Milevitanus reproves LueiUai
for kilTuig every day, even before tbe Coonmunion, the Retick of a certain Perfon, who was Aid
tobeaMartyr, bMfntoocyctadowiriedg'dasfack b b reported tbat Pcpe C/fmea* I ap-
pointed (even Dcicom, and F«fo'«i« as many SubrDeacoos to commit tbe hGt% of tbe Martyrs to
wriiiiig i but this Matter of Fad being grounded only 00 tfae Authority of tbe Author of tfae Pon-
tifical Book, is of 00 great Confeqoence, and fo mnchlhenther, in regard tfaat we are informal
by the Popes Gelafint and Gregory, that tbefe Ads were not much valu'd by tfae Cburcb of H/mie
whicb was oootent only to have a Caulogoe of tbe Saints and Martyrs who were to be bonoarVf«
Tbe Conadls of Lsodices , Ctnhage, and BMra^ ordaio'd. that great care be taken to make a dm
diftiaftion banwaa tbetme and Ufe Manyn, and tbeEninpleof SLMarfaaof "XmKu and feve-
MlxidkrRefeNadBUbt^ vidw difiWaded tbe People from tbe Sa perftfeipot WoriMp of ftlla
Martyrs, apparoidy Ibews tbat it bekmgs to all the Bilbops to declare what Martyrs ought to ba'
ackaoiiJedif'd.aiid poblickly boooor'd. After ibe Martyn io proceft of time was likewile bo-
«ow\i, tbe Meaaory of Virgins, Aodnritea, Biflnps ttuamfd ftrtfaeb Saadity: and laftty, of
thofe Pcrfonj wbofc 6ogular Vernier were remarkable in their Life-time. Tbeir Names were in-
imed in the Dyftiekt, tbat were reciied ai the Altar, aod ibey were ftikd by the Name of tbe Sdints
mi aiefeJ, Ti i, etjloit ndffQ:

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70 A Ner^ Ecdefiajlical Hijhry
lUC'tm' £?er| particular Cburcb w^s qu'd lo place in tiut rank, tbofe wbo fa^ pfPMgfttni ibi
tiy^'m of CbrWiin Religion, the fiifltopi, and ibol^ wbo N4 HvM in greac Repaiatioo fqr riteir SaoA^.
A^ri r,v4rJs were made Kalendars ai>() Martyrologies, of the Saints of fevcral particular Cburcbe^
wbicb were by little tod Jif tie fl^lpcn'd tbrqtfgboat tbc fai^ern and Wcl^ero ^ar{s. ^bvch
of i(4mf| asottei 'ba4d«ae« iii|aeiir«of one of thcw Ifartyroltgiet^ from -«r^i^ 44* eaaiparti
His, and afterwards took in that of Vfuardut ; but it doej not appear that before tbe Tenth Ccn*
ttiry> an; Solcipti Dccteci were fUMle at Hsmtt ur cUewbcre, fur tbe CaooaizatNiO of, Saints. la^
d«ed, -thliCQftottiw^iemifflyelUyiA^^ in tbe Eleveaib Ccnmryi, wben 44^^ffr4my
R^tlertus, S. PVihroa i Gtrar J B](hop of Toul
, , knd H^olfoMg 6i(bop of fyuibtm wc-rc CaqaMz'd
feveral Popes. In tbe Twelfth, Pfrn^ (^'/(^nd/^j was Caoanizd by Pope PsfebaiU. Camr4d
Ihop of Cot^Mt:(t Cdlixtm II. at tbe requeft of Virie Biihop of the fame place ; Hifgk Bifliop
of Grenoble, S.Sturmm Abboc of FultU, and the Emperor Iknry I. by Eugtniui III. But it it ob-
Icrvable, tbit thclc two lalt Papers declare that the Solemnity of Canunizaiion QUght lo be fcx-
furm'd rcj^ularly in a General Council, and yet tbcy do it by tbe Authority ^ fbc Cbwch ^
^ j^ome, with the Advice of tbe Arcbbiftiops and BiHiops, who were prefetit in that City.
V Diy-ing tbefe two Centuries, the MetrupolicaDs and Bitliops were not depriT'4 ftl the Right to
de(jbK as Sainu, (iscb Perlbosas died in tbe Reputation of Sandtjiy, and to ^tie iheir Bodies la
be expos'd to tbe Veneration of the Faithful : Bat Pope Alejftndtr lit ^r(t relien'd to bim/elf tbe
Canonization of Saints, as a Matter of great Coofeqaenc^, Immm
a(ter t^im Ul. ailan d ti^
Ihme Right ; iafboqi^ tlac we do tiot fc«d tbat tb^ |l(^pr lolenii;^ ((^cMiiz d any Saiata fiooB iMk
thne, altbo' there were fame wbo were generally te|«|^ li|cb a!n99g (be PeoplCr
The Infli- Jbe loftitution of the fevco Ele<£lQrs of the Eiaptfc s alio reffrr<4{P dtis Ceoituir, according 10
Tut ion of ihe general Opinion of tbe Germia Hiftorianii wlio v^ rote after ^be Reigo of Frt4iitk Hand wi»

j(ffirm that Pope Grti^ryV, «Rd ||iej|g(nperQr Ot^ IlL dcd^r'd, tvjtb ctf f4 ^be Fnam
f&fc^ tif GtruMHx, that the BletiiiQIiof toe Emperor Iboald belong, for ibe fop^ir, oo^ M iboib fieacB ^
. *'9'"*witJ|out allowing any Vote to the others: But the Original of this ^f^U is vety tnucb diipmed,
ttd is iiocgroanded 00 any Autbenuck Record* oe ti^ Teltui^ny f)f any Cootfoiporary WnoK
lodeed (bme, particularly JcrtUufs^hm givea it am,tb^t tbe R^^oiF (boofiag tbefiflniKfor has bda
peculiar to the leven £le(^ors ever Cmcc Cbarlemagtii ticne j aod this Opinion (eenutu be aintirm'd
bv the ^otbority 0/ fMffnmean lU who ackoowle^s* Uk ppw^r of E|e(^Ung (be Kfl^ ai|l£mpaiar
10 be laiierm fn tbelWciof m Cili|>(fe, 10 tb( Rigbt jof^Iy bdoogt , moree/peoaUy in rfr
^idthat ibit R^ht and Power is derived fo them frtyp tbe ApQitqbcal See, in ihc pc rfon ofdiioy
tmqph wbo trauferrd tbe Empire frooi ibeGffCMiit^u^ Tbtodtrio4mbm nkn iIm
IdHnripqwilietipe ABtfoOMT'dttKOaA aad mte-ckd IriBdel' «f
Grrmitsr tbe Authors of it. OiMifin-iwj main|||ia^^lliattbiintunber of Elei^rt was not fix'd till
after the Pcath of Fi-eieric^^ II. tba« before tbat tiflpe all tbe Princes of Gfm^iv were wopt to gif«
tbeirlSamgesfor thp Elet^ion of the Emperors > that ibe^ number ooc reftidnU m fmmt
that the name of Eleif^ors was then tinknown ; tbat alcbo' tbe precife timcof ibe Inftittlttoa am*
not be dcteiaaia'd, yet it ought to be fix'd between the yean il^o. and i x8o. and accordhig to all
appeuance. under the pontificate of Grtgerji X. which pcrb*^ gaveoocafioa to tbe generality «f
Aiuhoi-s to refer it to tbat of Gregory V. Jarjatus'% Opinion concfrn«ig the Antiquity of the leven
medort, is at prefeoi generally dtfdaim'd ; it being evident that CliMrlenugu'i Potterity obcaia'd
ibeiEmpire bylbi|M|ght of SuccciTiun, and by tbe Elediooof tbe Gtrwum, French and /m&m Pria*
csi and Noble men. After tbe Death of Lewm IV. the Son of 4ri^u(fh$it, the laft of Chrltma^m't
Race, Italy bccaoie (as we have already declar'dj a Prey to die Bntngin, toGt^, L4mhert,Ltm$»
Bofo, Hugh, iMbtirff l(4«ul, &c of whom fome aSeded tbe Title of Emperor, and even oamU
tbemfelves to be crownU In GcraMpi, Cmrsd, Henry the fowler, Otbt were cbofeo Kings by
tbe Stxont and Frtncb, as it ia related by Luitfraad and VfStkhMm, Writers, who flouriflt'd ac
that time. Tbe laft was alfo acknowledged and crowo'd Emperor when be bad fubdn'd Itdly : Hit
Soa aad Grapdiba obtaia'd the Inpecial Diadem by tbe R%bt of SaccefiSoo, and kf tbc filedioa
of tbe Princes, as well S^jravas Fremb aod it^itm, Tbmfife nil tbat time, ii caaooc be fatd »
tbat the ElcL^ ion of the Emperor was referv'd to tbe fcven EletSotti Now to kiKiw whahcr ita»
was e^e^^iedbv Pope Gi^|«r;V. oodcrO«b*UL we need only coqairc after what qaipner HiAnri*'
ami^teAeEle^iiaofUiSnadfijn 10 bmbc^ carried 09, dm
istolay, wbetfterfctacie paff
form'd by tbc fcven Elcf'iors, or indifferently by all tbe Germam Princes. Otho frifingtKfu affarea
MS, lhac after the Ukceaie of Otb« LU. Htmrj Duke of AsiMr/4 wai cbofett EoaBeror by aM she Nb>
bilky orLofdtof theiODdgoai: Jtmmhis ngm pkmrUmi aad lUt Avtar rpMBi alwff i|a
fame manner concerning the Eledlioa of Conrad, who fucceeded Henry But nothing more vMnlP

Ihewi to whom tbe Right of choofiog tbe Emperor bdoog'd, tbeo that wbicb baipto'd to dw riw
of tbe Emperor Henry tbe Fonrtb , whea Fope Gr^«7 the Sovcatb de^ou-arllefole Uai)
and caus'd I{odelfhus to be fubftituied in bis rooBi ; for he made application to all tbe Dokee,
Earls aod Bilhoptof tbe Gensup Empire, and Hgdoifiau was dtQkn by a P|ny of tbe Pj^iiMi
from tbe Ekfi«l% tinOM wIkhi W UUid thi Bilh«f»«f WiirMfaui flMl.-Mtf, iMMl'Ai
- ' . t

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af the Tenth Century af Lhrijlianity , ^fi
Maimi when Vmrj Anher of nlw loipttial Xfaisae. and cams'ii r^iv inM-
the 'Fifth ^btnOflid his
\mM io*hciih(MoBii-in'Ui4lMd, •Ms^wu'dwe -hf ill dto ^bnurnxSiOmimuo iodi&rvatJjt, '"f'oa ^
«> k is related by Ot\yo fnfin^nfu^ and by ihi! Abbot of ^r^rgt. ±Mb»riuj the Second was .io fbe.fwB
Vkc muma daStxd £mperar'by the FrioGiKif theEmiie, at ibe ij^ttctntioa of the .^BohbiflMp of ^^^^'^^ ^
Mmt^- Vheo CmmI the Tbitd ww^ftpfteil; ehuiiutby I'lia^llttBiifarr offlriooee. «mI jllmr/ T^rf^*
of Bavaria with fomc Saxow Princes rcveri'd his filc(^oa, becaufc ibey were not prcfent, it wtai'^^'V^
rcquUtte tu call a general A0ianbiy of all'ihp firhnei, lin «fhiah<ibe Stxmt aiifted, .and gme sate
ftnt lohh Eledkm. After tbe dntb of Canni^ IMtridt Btrhmffk wae pradahn'd Emperor in
aD Allembly of all the Princes of Germtny, in which t^e Barons of Italy were alfo prefent. Ltftly,
In (he time of Pope ImtoctHt the Third, the Gtmum Princes being divided, after the Death of Hiif
ry tbe Sixth (bine of then eleAed hit Bcocher Ofci, atid oifaen 9hitif of ^etoeAni; on wUch oc-
cafion Letter? were written on both Hdes to the P ipc : The Eledlori of Qtho were tbe Archbilhop

of Cologn^ the Bilhop of PaJerharn, two other fiilliups, and two Abbots, the Duke of Lvrdim and.
Brabant, the Marqaefs of the Sacred EmptFe, and the Cooot of /O^iti ^bo declare in thefiodjof
ibe Letter , that ibey elcvfled Orho and conlirm their Proceedings by their refpciflire Seats.

Thofe of the contrary Party were the Archbilhops of MiJgeburg,Tner,ind liefancoHi tbeBifljopsof
Hdtmbon, Frifingtu, Augtburg, Confidnt:^, Eicbftadt, fVomu, Spire , Hilderpteim , and Brixttli the
Cbanccllour of tbe Emperial Coari, four Abbots, the King of Boljemit, the Dakes of Saxony, Ba-
varia, Aujlria and Miravia i the MarqoeCs of H^wr^trg, and other Potent Noble-men olGtrwuy,
wbo all declare that they bad drain FMft> Emperor, and that laaiiy other G^mm
Fdooeshnd cm-
leoted to hisEledion by Letters. ,
This evidently proves that the Eledion of the Emperors was not referv'd to the feven Eie<fh)r*.
bat that itbeloBg'd to all the Princes of the Empire. Innxent the Third replying to thofe Letters,
mm not CMfi^le tf tij^fiit^ *t tbt Elt&im if sm EmftnT^ tithtr in qiidi^ ^ M £/cfi«r,
grimtbatrf ajujgt ; mot at an BltSor, bttaufe it Jattntth^Migto bimi but totht Prinett, tnatimHi
tbt Pttnr tf cbeojng tbe Emptrar i dtvtlv'i aeeorcLng to ancient cujlom ; mere tjpeciatfy in regard that
tb^ rtmv'ditfnmtbtHtfyStt, mlMbtr4»iftn'dti»Koaan Empire, in tbe terfin Chufemagm,
frmm Ae GrediBi It alvRaaMiii. Thefe ate
plyed, when allfldg]d io behalf of the (even Eledlors
wordi of that Pope, which are tnanflUtly mifap-
it being appareot.tbat in this place,
: b: makes
meocionof ail dierlrinceiof the Empire, who had an inherent RJghs co de£t the Empcrm erer
finee thednwof Cbtrlemagn ; affinniag that ndiher Kid hit Legtt aAed as a Judge, u regard
that he bad not proceeded agaioft PAiYi^ in a Judiciary Form, nor pafs'd any Judgment upon the
Validity or Nullity of the Eledion : That therefore be bad only perform'd tbe Fun(^lioo of a
BwiM — , -by ^odattng 10 -thm,
4im -the Stake ant Jicafadittcd linni hdag ahaAfei^
whereas Otbo was noc. That many of ibofe perfons who had a rfgbt to chocfe the Em-

peror , bad approved Otbo't Ele&ioo : And that they who bad cbofen PbHif , had fbr-
tciied their Right, by oufywgon tbe EIe<2ioo, in tbe ablenoe, and to tbe contempc of theotheifc
That bclidcs, Pbilip was not crown'd Emperor, either in the place where it ought to have been
done, or by a pcrion, whofe office it was to pertbrm tbe Ceremony : whereas Otbt was crown'd at
^ix-la-CbapeUe, which was the proper place for his Coronation, and by tbe Archbilhop of CoJogn,
whole Right it was to officiate at tbe Solemnity : That therefore he nominated and dedar'd Othe
Earaeror, being incited thereto by a principle of Jnftice, u alfo upon account that he had a Right
to tavoor whna he thought fit when the Sntfrages of the Eledors were divided: That be-'

fides, there were leveral (awful Impediments againfi Vbilif Duke of Scbmabtn , as his being
Excommunicated, Atuinted of Perjury and defceoded of the Race of the Perfecmors of the

Thus (hit Anfwer fuppolcs dial iheie petfimi^ who had a rkhc 10 duwfe the Emperar, and whal
lie neniinM by thti Pope, are not only dieleveo EleAon, bat alio all tbe Frincet <nd Noble-
men of tbe Empire, of whom a party had tle<^ed Oth, and the greater number Pii'/i/* ofSchigd-
km t Bat after the death of the laiier, all (he Suffrages were re- united 10 faTonr of Or;b« A. D.iia$i«
and hi the ioDowuig year, Othbmfi Bsooamwicand, tbe Mnoei of GsraMiw, the Kh^of
Bohemia, the Dukes of Au/iris ind Bavaria, the Landgrave of T&wnV^fn, and many others beir>g
aOembled* eleded Frederiel{, King oi Sicilj Emperor. Hitherto we hod no mention of the fcvcoi
BleAon \ and indeed tbefirft Wrher that nukes any, b the Caiduial of OAni. who liv'd hi the
time of Pope Innocent the Fourth, and fpeaks of them in his Commentary on the Decretal of Inno-
ems Ibe Third, where be affirms that the Elcdors mentioo'd in that pUce, are the Archbi(bopi of
Mmtt, C^egn, and Trirr, the Count Palatine of the ^ine, the Doke of Saxony, the Msrquels of
Brandenburg, and the Duke of Bohemia. Mattbtm Pari writing the Hitlory of the Council of
Ljont, at ibe (ame time. reports, that after the Depofing of Frederick,. Pope Innocent the Fourth or-
dain'd that the feven Eledors (hould pad into an Ifland of the River Hhine, there to chohfe an Em-
peror ; but thofe feven Elc^ors, whom be names, are the Archbilhops of Cologn, Ment^, and SaJt^'
bitrgt /<«/?r»'4, Bavaria, Saxony, and Brabant.
and the Dukes of However, Marttnut Potoiius a. con-
icniporary Wrirer, names the feven Ele^ors after this manner, that is to fay, the thiee high Cban^
cetiorsof the Empire, the Archbilhop of Menr^, tbe Chancellor of Gertnany, the ArcbbifliO|f
of Tn«r Chancellor of G4X1/, the Archbilhop of Cologn Cbancettor of Italy, the Marquefi of Brak*
denburg High Cbunberlaio, the Palatine of tbe I{hAie High Steward, the Duke of Saxony Gentle-
M(if cheHocft^ andtbelODgof AMliHigbCapbeitcr. Thii Author ^thmiUKhinfFeak- .

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72 A Nm Ecclefiaftkd Hiftory, Scc
rhthfli' iDgoro«t*iliftTMni,irfdciilMiiidM^dlaw lobelia were inftitBtfd WMicfAu Enoperor*
tutimof aftfao' be obfcrvcs th»t it did not happen rill afterward. Thua Relation mike? it appear thai the

loftimdooof tbe idrea fiJeAoncnnbated to Pope Gngtty V. wiUkmu aojr joft grooodi, n aatbittg
^^'"'"/oetr fetoekac, tnd d«*difa7pra(MbteiliutbeBlMiaf«of tlieEi^^ nor nduoed lo
^'^'"^''''tbc number of Tevcn tiUlbePontificaie of Innoant iht Fomih, anJ ibat buf.ire, all the P^iocesaod
^<^^V^ Noble-aeo of tbe fioapire wditiereatly, migiK have a 12»rt in ba £lc&ioo, notwithftaadiog llie


biymzed by Google

Chronological Tables
And other Neccffuy


Tenth Century.
BtBltm Em- frors and EcclefiafHed 41". Ct$meilj. BeettfitSiiegl


900 V. the Umi IV. The death of Umei$maupi£

Stephen VI. Phaofopbcr. ibeSon of Fiulques or F ulcus Clkttens.
II imprifijo'd
XVL Amulfbm K. Arcbbiihop of^^mmt tValdramnm fli-
and itrwigled •nd EoDpeior aflatfinated by Coooi
•bonttiwcad of Gaum^p. B*UbnH*t Party: NHjrer ttt Stmmi
Chtrlei the Htrvtm Iboceeds
Simple King him in tbn Aldkr jiurelian Clerk
dwfea to of FrMCf^^ ttiibofckk^ of the Cfaotch of

King of Sir* GtrntUer or GuMltt^

rnw fiidup of S«M
don of btlf
tt oootefled
bciwccu Sc
remer and

901 thnimmTL xvn. NieelM Patriarch Selomm BiiLop of

fucceedf J(#- of Cimftmtim^e it
dqwrd bjrLM'i or- Smm or Am
dkaatibe dcft ftf Kfbfiog to Abbot of Ctrto in
eod of nitn* approve his fourth
(7 days. Muriage.aiid Rutbjf-
?«b«IX.ii mimh fa np in bis
fahftitutcd ia
bu loom.

901 E xm Ttelocur-
of the
Join replies
HtrW Arcbbiihop of
or TJtrv^
fioDS of

garians in I- CoaverSm of the Adt'brro

m// (ubdtud NtniMiMi

Digitized by Google
The Chronological Table.
Wi^tm Em-
•sma SecitfidRicJ 4^
K' "!* if Fr. fiUN,

IIL JOX. Stephen Abbot of

Ltkt it enkiin'd 6i-

BiOlop of CunncHs ct ^mmt llIsM*Ardilridk)p

904 IV. XX. iL^jpi the jtrgrim

John IX. Son of BofoH Ldngrtt is reftor'd to and /^irc'rjrij in fa-

after having is takea by his by vour oif the memory mgr Metropolitaa
Pope IX- of Vope Fmmfm. of £4««m,ovrite|0
aowo'd Bt-
t$Hgitf rctini Lamiert isackaow The Council of Pope Jibn IX.
uodec Steplnn Abbot Ot
to ^tvrmi, hhEyd to be kt^'d fifllperor in Ctmtnbur}
and declares pat out, and tlftdM^f of Kitig Edmtri, ttA Loir; acui aftlt^ ,

UmhnBw himlcif to be to the exclLition (if Pr:egmmd Archbi- of
peror. crowo'd fioK- Btrtt^er, and in tbat fliop of tbac Pro-
peror. qaality, he dNifims
L:imhcr( I he ancient PriTi-
conteadswiih ledgrs of the Chilrch
of^(Mw the ^
dl«f i(5«tfliM*
IS owo'a by
ibe Pope tod
bjr the bglh

TJie dciib of
»oS V. XXL
The death

fucceedi faiin. I

I. :

The Laws ofEi-

jofi n. • XXII. lM^4Kio£ of £<i!r

Lfo V, is

fub{titai«4 in
Us roon,<iE>

afier^Dd iflf
prifbfi'd by
v.'ho iifurpi
the See df

907 Cbrifioihilm XXIIL

(even mrj'Wtfj?

after by *»r-
grtu ttnde
Anripopc in
the date ot

908 IL XXIV.

k Gooadl «
Tro,^!* under
ArcbbtHtop of

Digitized by Google
The Chronological TMe^ '

Wtfltrn Rm-

ftnn. Kings ft, fdrk

mid Italy.

IV. XXVL LMitirtis The frjundiog of
Sergiutdy kill'd by the Abbej of CJ^, tAVtrtebt,
Ttntbuf, bffraUiwCMWor
m n Plac'd Berenj^er Auvergne aod DokV
ootlK&eof remains the of Afuttuu.
ibte Maacr

XXVIL Kkoijt PatrUrcb Letters wrftim

fit lliecletth '
of Conftamtino^ is
rccall'd fame time be-
fore Lro's dear h.
I r.
Bmkmiut Fun*
AlexMdtrt trcti of Ca^antimpb
Brother is de- is baniOi'djnd dies
dar'd Tutor ia eadkalittkwhiJe
tobisSooCMt* after.
fimtine Por-

9» HL n. C«MrW is JoL-n Deacon of The death of NM>

He death Alex*ndtr eleded King Jl«t)«im4 ti cfaoleii Bt-
gtr tht U0iimertr,
ofPojKyfjM' being de«cl, nfGfmj4«; AupofBtf/omV, Icavfs
/^au. JVico/dftbe after tie that B flioprick to be
Lmid»(ixc- Patriarch is death ofX«it^ made Archbilbof
oeedabiin. lo cboleo Tator » IV* Htvenna, andaclaft
tfieeiid of the to the Toatig •Tirgto
fiine year
" the Paful

dnfin Plope
by the in-


I. in.
j9^«f the iim-

dier tttmi oat

tfas Bnriardb

on of the Go"

91) OL V. nr.


9*7 V. m VL
9lt VL vm. VIL The death ofj^^f-
Tbedeatb of hodut Bilbop of

letrfT for bts


Fofrlrr,rhf ("on
ot Othe Dak«

Digitized by Google
ftrers and EeekjUfiieMi Af- BeetffidRicsl

Bmptrart. fsirt. CoimeHs. Wftttrs.

Vlt DC. t Tbe Death of

j^«f is bft- Saiomm fiUlUBp of
niih'd from
the Court, &
cmed to the
Empire, by

910 vni X IL Nico'.fi Parriarcfi

of CtnfiMttinoft is
A Ccuncil Ccn-
aamimfl* ,aJboat S.
OJilo Mook of
MetLard at Stif-
M^bHiira ft 6- tlie fiavdi' Alasri-ySmi.
CaoA time. age. 7hc clcaih of Sff-
A Treaty of A- fbn&iihopol Ltege,
gnemenc between Lnten by King
tbe Partiftns of N»- CtMrlts the StmpU ia
coIm and Euthjmim. favoor of ^bnus
AConteft about tbe
Bifhr>prick of Liigt
between HilJuintnd

Aootber Conieft
roucbing Arcb-
bifltoprickof Ndr-
hum betweea Jjpus
and Gtrgrd.
911 XL VL A Council at Troffy
onder Hsrvt Arcb-
biOop flf JtbMNi; '

9i» X. xn. IV. TheDeacc ofjcbn A Gbnndl m Tbe death &

J{4-rt ftTCorofi(icAr-
i? e- Bervaus Atchbilbop
le£ttd aad rui,ordain'dBifliop of of JlMw.
and crown'd U0ge by that Pbpe.
K. of Ftmu Hilduin dcfot'd and
in oppofittoo ezoomtnonkatecL •I

to CUrkt tbt tm^ facceedi Uif

Simfit, m the Arcfa*

9»1 XL xnL V. A Coradt at Tbe death of

ItMiMf oader Akt Arcbbilbdp of
kiird in bai- fm ArchfaiAop of
iel,butbisSoo that City.
Siif^b dufes TheLftWioffi-
l^JD;;/ K. of
BuTgundf, to
bediofal K.
of France.
Cbarits the
SimfU tt ap-
ptefaended &
lent Prifooer
to Ch(tt*MM
thitrry, Tbe
Q^eea Ui
Wi& retitct
.tft £i|{i. witli

xn; XKV. VI. A Drcrce mide la A Coandl at

£er««jg«r is the Conndl of iVfl ?!' Xrc/?r under -<wfffff
IdUVl, SmI ialafav of Stepijtn Archbilhopof
KfOUl Dake BiJLop of Cambray,
of Burpmdy agaiott Cuuat
Kouins Ma- St/AvViiot^uaVi
Ocrof Ite^ ' Biihqtcf At^glhti,

Digitized by Google
T^fe Chmologiad Tahk.
Edfftm Em- ferors, and EnlefidllicaJ 4f-_

ftrm. Kimi*f Fr. ftirs.


xia XV, VIL lithert CooM of

VtrmMmhii^nfes bis
Son H«isi&* age4 only
; years, tobecbofen
Archbifl). of Hheims,
•iter tbe deatii of

xnr. XVi vin.

the begin-
ning of the
Reign of
Hui>b Codnt
of 4r/M b^

91 S XVI. 'XVUi • •

Jelm is pat
in P'lTon by .... 4
Cnj be Bro-

ther otH«^4
& dies there.
Leo VI. (ac-
ceeds bim,
and dies fix
months & 1

9*9 StefbmVIL XDC .1

XX. XiL •
j NieboU PatrUrcb RtityclAut Pstri-
ofConjlantinepU dktf _
arch of AiexanJrid,
mod An;h^..\ OAAbbocofCAr:
« ^ i
' 9.

^tthtrmt made
-iof '

XXL xm. King
I{s6Ut' C2u{'ct

to cbuien
Eifhop of
this year,

of £r«»£ini.
7im Xf.
the Son of
Strgitu aod

9S& IL xxu. XIV M«»40i^f Arcbbl- KCamHuEf
Amulfhmof fho^of Aries, ptUej fgrdt.
itmridvn- mtoJir«^, where be
geswar wiib get* podfeflww of to-
Hugh mltalj. veral fiiAapridci.
& it repnls'd. /•prow Dean of
Haj^b'u in- S-Medmrdu MJfemt
vkedtol^mMr nordain'd Bidi^of

Md£nicioi ^

Digitized by Google
The Chronoiogkal Tabie,
l^tfttrn Em- -

93) TfT XXnt XV. Stipbt* Pitriarch ,

prifijoed bf takcttbeCa- iog. Trjpit vfiibai-
5 t lucd in bis room, till
and makes iheefijidB the Em-
bimtelf Ma- Peror'i Son cuw to
iter of $emt, magt.
A Conncil ai
MA iV.' XXIV. XVI H,lJ.i4n,j o^d^ln-

wdt bf Aruidm B»- «fcf Artoldtu Ardf

Clop of lifKimSyin the bidwpaf JCAmriM.
Cooadl of CittfTM

Fulhtrt madcBi-
ibopof Bummi hf

atf V. XXV. XViL A Council ai

ik^SMi againft tkt
Ufarpers of Gfaaieli

936 VL XXVi XVIIL 0<?9 Abboi of CAi-

7«iii XL irjr is lent lor 10 t(gmt

yUfc^iw and leaves cnrc Fnce amoog

M»« his Domiai- gfae Priacca of Jf*(r,


Tbedeaib ,

firnam'd ' . .

dOutntmr u '

K.of Fnms$k
' ' '

tj.. -.jto " XXVIL L ! .: Eutjchitii war

• - ' •

Otbt IS
^ Aidbi-
crawn'diCof OrAoL

of Lvrch is made the

fofc't VicarmGw-

Oio Abbot of dw . .

rCMTQC to i(««B«
to rc-


Digilized by Google
I_ »

The Chronological T %ble.

AX* ftfth BdStm Em- fftt and Eed^ft^^' 4f'


Lf diet,

340 IL XXX. Artoldus I'j oblig'd Tbe death of&/-
Alhtric 10 refign the Arcii-
Pauiardi of
oiQfes tfie biftoprick of ^jtfsm/,
Pbpeiobe«r «od^«i(ji a ptt in Ttadtard
bnt'd. Fir.
of /(/Mm/.

941 MI. XXXI. r. Hugh n (Kddn'a A CooocU it

4 Jaiop eri^iw. «^'iif.ferthe depo-
fiog of JrrdJuj
AicbbidLof i^iwNw,
and die Orfl&tiaii

#4» IV. XXXE VL OJt Abbot at th- Ti^dejtliorab'

nfifft**^ tbtrd line Afab6telC/iMir.
10 J|(m», to be the
Med i I cor of aPMoe
bawecA tin Xrj/IM

94}Thede4thof XXXUI. m
hiarinuJ 11.

944 It XXXiV. The depoGng of Tbe Conndl of The Hiflory of

Trjfh* Patriarch of Cffftantimtph. onrStriooi^ Image
Cmift^ntiHcpfc , antJ A Council in Ev^- feet to K. AhvMnr
the Ofduuuon oi Und tuxdet KutgMd- ^od ctbnii^ of

941 IX. jtt*» made ttAoff

t( Ittfytx-
jAtAhif Bf

«f ibe Mar-

id hit

XXXVli dKMUus iV'-cfta'

blifli'd in tbe Arcfi-
dies, iHlboprkkQfJ^iMlw.'
MllLillC-* Tbedearbof fiJ^
tecdthtea mund K, of rn^^/jK*^,
who leaTC* his 6ro-
Ihcr AMf IB fijOHctf

digitized by Google
The Chronological Table,
WeRern Em-
j|.Cl Pfftf' Ef/lerm Em- percrs.and ExeU^t^tsl Jlf- CoMciUk EecUjUftieiS
fertrs. j^inj^s of Fr, /writ * , H^r^t.
dud Italy.

11. XXXm XL TcthMud hch dci- A Council held -

• C
con of is made near ibe River of ' '

BiOiop of Jtmi*ta bf CUr. > •<

Hu^h Archbifhop of A Council ii TV - - - •

i^tnu.wbo likewife
dun held in tbe '

onlaini nodier for MbaihofNlMraiA. '

Stnlis , which caufes

an loformuion to be ' .^. '.1 i

dr««B op agaioft

94a UL 30CXV11L Xlt ! Luitfrtnd is feat AGMBdlbddM

Ambaffidor io Cm- Miiu^^owin themoiiUi
' ' "
- fiiauimflt. of "ianutrji '
* :

. ^«oW«/co*firna*d ACooncUn Ai-

in tbeArchbiHioprick gtlhtim, June 7.
of and Hugh \ Council at Tri-
declar'd an IiMllder er in favoar of Af
and ExoxDmanica- toldus.
rnl in tbe Council of A Council atLM- ^
Ir^elbtim Jo„ under Bind K, " '


•' •
Guy Bifbop of Sf gfJBi^/^ml
' ijjMtp^f* S^tisfadK
i»nro K
Lein's in the
'id-Canndl of Mnf
^0ir for ''liraaining

Jluf^h Arcbhithrjp of
j^iMu^nd txgi par- --

Tr/fr, for prrfonaidg .'I '-^ 'i "

tiiat Ordioatiua. - i:.At\^:
Rirmnu a Mmk I

of JlieMiw, ii lent to
"• " "
re-eftaMifli tbe Mo- • .

nafHcal Difciptine in
• the Monaftiiry of


XIIL A Council at Aowf.
The death waidi confrmM
of Latbtrius' thai of Ifigelheim la . .1 i j.-*

King of ^t. fvnmfd 4r$Mus.

canlcs biui'
feU to be

If4/r,with his

XIV. The Decree of Sim$m hkU^m-_

Adeltid* Popeil

ot Lstharius

inrucs Otb» Bifllop

„ Vti» Bi%>p of
XtJ- •iwdIov.
Qtrtrd Oeao of S.
Mtdsrd Sttjjms.

9,, VI XV.

Digitized by Google
The Ckvhobgkal Tabk
fPiftem Em-
Ed si ern Em- fercrs mid EccUfiMiiksl4f-
Emftrtrt. fiuru

95» VIL XUL XVI. A Cooadl 'M.

Ibopof Mmt^.
AiUU»rt{ab- 0«r4M^ Abbot of
mk toOr£v,
and are re* dtbm Mook of
cftaUifh'd ia
nf Cmurimj.

sn vm. xuu XVII, iruHi ibe Brother The Couacii of

of the Emperor Of^ H TUnnj.
is ordaio'd ArcfatM'
dtopof Coltpt. \ .

fiifltopof li^
994 DC xuv. XVIU. ff^liMi tbe Son of

ofFr«Mc»diei Aed AicttiAQp «

oat^.i j.aad Mm^.
Son Ibooccdi

The death of

waj Gover-
nor of l^gmu

«5 XIX.
Tbtdciib out of tiie BiAopridc
c£Lieg0, aodlM^
ghrei the (et in his p'ace.
Duccfaies of The death of Bi-
Tie gets po^ rtd Kiof of BH^Mit
TefTionof the and AfiiitMfft whom Edwin the Soo
See o( J^mWf to Ht^b cbe of Edmund fucccedi^
aod is nam'd and a(
of Frtnce, 8e
the Father of

9S6 IL XLVL XX Tbeefbff^ P«tri'

The death arch of Ctn^Mtimt-
of Hif the dies,aiid a certato EJ^ar Kim ^
wMk Dnke Monk naitfd Fdr
9itrmm. tnHet it ful

9S7 XLvn.
iv. XLVIIL xxn.

959 xux. XXIIL

H«;(;& Ciifit
D. of ErMMet

tkarim, who
alio gives

Digitized by Google
iVtfiem Eta-
EtBtrn BlII- farersand. ^efiiRial
farm' Kings tf fdin.
It. and luljr.

Nitf« preacbetiii
960 vj. XXIV. Arvunmt, and rotm-
.{lolct a Treatiieof
dies, and bis
tbe Religtoa of dw
Son Sigm0ms
Jbterrj or Tiw0Jir>
m Atcfebidiop ol


XXV., The death of Ar-. The death of O-

9^1 Otha ttttf toldus Arctbilhop df
The Ek&Ma of S. Outran Arch-
(jr,tnd Beren-

^er being.*-

tirei to (Xt*
uio Fmh.

xxyL 'RjtberMU tt^oa A CouncU bekl rf^rieUiNte

96*- VIIL «l Monk of Orlwfa
foilie Brrtiopriicorm tB« Oioceb
^pme in ibc
end of tbe
year, and
and ho!cfj a »*«?r,
Synoa, for the In- ^
**** «

il4/i Abboc of
peror by

fSj DC IV. XXVil.
in the Month

•V or Ai^t^ agkintt
revolts a- (^ici-
• .
gaioft Otbe,is pbom thoem
deposM hi a a procbim*4 » 4

C :r:il it Emperor by
£is*MjkTidLt9 tbe Army* -!. ;

VIILiirnb- L V
ftituted i

xootn. J.
• >• J.'.»

Some cioae
after, the /^i-
manj taicc up
Arms againft
0th. but he
f edttflBS them

IL xxvm. The Rcftoraiioa of A Coundl at
fcpe y«** XII. in a Febar.l6.\a hvOgUffj^
After Qria't -
Ccnncil J^omf , PopeyflAwXIt.
which declares L«« ACoracilhddat.
JUaVm. a
cxpeD'd, and VIILdepos'daiideX' J^Mlf in the Montfr
Jctm communicated , and of jKiiefor
^ , - thc^
his OrdioatioDSVoid. ftor4UonofLM^
cniers J^mmc,
where faedtn TbeReftoratiooof
Afj; 1 4. i^VIIL inanotber
Tbe I{smmi Coundl at ^fme,
fiibftftnttSi- A Decree ofthe la-
V. in ter Coundl,by which
his room. the Inveftitarcs «re

Uiyilizeo by Googlc

grmntcd tt) die Eor

to J(«M,dc- {xcor*
polei Btiif
a&t and re*

VOL XXDC The death of Aw

9^5 HL Hmtf Mook of &
in exile
^fu^ at J^jbtim.
death of Br«'
M Archbiflwp of

with the £m-

iV; / XXX. I(^herm leatrea the The death of

9d6 BiOwpridcofFirNHii

tnrn'd ootbf Ud KlilCilO FMMfc

and re-cfta-

™- V. XXXI. O/;&0 coofirms the A Council at

9*7 Orib« oimes Dooatioo of the £c' veuHd held on £4>
to liMir,aiKl defiaiticai Revenues fitr Day.
caoKS lui of I{gnu made by P#- A Coancil tt
Soo to bo //» and CbarlemMgm. ConJidHtinoflc in
aoHntdBut Herald Arcbbi(hop which the Empeioc
of SiUt^^i » de- propoles to declare
pos'dand neouMm- Mch Soldiers at are
oicated in the Couo- kiU'd ia dw W«if
glof J^raoHM* and Manyri.
j^m&ric^ cbo^ to The Laws and
lopply fait place. Con(^i[Oiioos of Bd-
~ The £redioo of gsr King id.Buf
'hUgiehurg in IIM
lame Coiucil.

XXXD. Luitprtnd is frnt a The death of

9^8 IT. VL ^iffMiykcdibiihop
.^^jlccond time to Cmf

Sk Adtdbert is made
Arcbbifllop of
ditmrg htTiog
convened the
The Eredion of
ibeBilboptick ofC^*
tu* into an Ardf.
The death of Oiflf'
ric AtcfafaiflMf fl£
I{beims, who left

. d4/ivr« iwabcGeflbr.'

Digitized by Google
The Chronological Table,

ferm, tud
fdtu .

^ V. VII. XXXUL The Eredios of

the fiilba|>ric|cof flr*
nevento into aa AtCih-
kill'd: and bithonridL

to the Impe-
taX DigoUy.

97* VI. H. XXXiV. Peljtuatt Patrkrcb %fr MbokofSL

oiConflMntinofte dies, fanta'.em at GoJli|pi.
«ad Af^ cbolea to
is Tb?dcMhof T£»-
fopply bis plac& <rr;> Ardibffltop of


97 Z VUL IV. XXXVJ. NMe^ra Maokof ACooadt beidat The deaib ot

SJBdhMummf MoMK & May. by J(^»*w)V'BiAqp.or

dkS Jr/?.'. 6. ofla^. ^iiUm AicUnOdp rirww
Denm iuc- of Jtfc/Mf.
ceedsbfm,6c A CooncO at
dies at tbe hgtlhtim ,
cad of ihree Crafares tbe Con-
Mootbs. dad of >«ii/^lbe
the Ami*
dtii lor the
fifth of tfatt
Name, is ad-
vtnc'd to tbe


97t I.
V. . XXXVn. Heiirr fuccceds S. A General C un- The df Jth of t^/-
Qthtth Vkic ID tbefiilhop- cilio £i^/«i4 under r«cfiifliapof ^fi^fr;
taken Prifoop Crtit dies rickofiiAff^jf. ^.Dm^M Arctti- fcir;(.

er hyCinciutt
cod fitaog- His Son O*
lediotlieCt- >La II. reigos
£](€ Enperac
. V •

974. Bnifitcf VL II. A Cotmcil a: dn-

ufarps'the under King Lander/ht

Tbe 1^7-

maiu kc up
BemdtnW II
in oppofiiioQ
to bioo.

57 f ir. VIL Patriarch of A Council at S. Etlelo'elJ Bi-

Bom/Jie is Cmfttntimple it de-
farc^ldio c- mifeet dies pos'd, and Antmius hero Archbidtop of Tbe death ofT/-
fcape by StuditM fubftint[cdiii thar Ciry. tbo BiAopof Sn4((^
flight to Ccn- ])«//and bis room. A Council held at tuig,
Tbe death of Ed- Wtnebcfler in ihebe-
the Sons of jarKiogitf £«f/«a^ linoiiisoftlicycir. '

biymzed by Google
Ti&tf Chimdlcgical Tabic.

EtBem Em- pfron and Eccltftajlieit

fernt, K^mn ti Ff.

the Emperor who leavei EJmarJ

i^umiuiuj are bis SocceHbr.
pfic'J on tbe
Throne, Stigaud 10 (hcBiibop-

976 UI. I Antamius Studita

tolutiMfiijr abdicates
voltt agauft tbe Pauurcbal Se«
tfaeiwoSfloh of Ctnfitminoflet
which retnains fa-
cam iiw jrciia.

977 nr. V. Hi^tpord King rf

fiv/mi is a^Taffint'

97« V. n
979 VL IV. VII

98e VIL V. vm. 44^ AUw U

Cbilptric Mook
of 5lG«/ mm* btt
Tmtile of tbe Ca-
Fmktdm Abbot of


981 VJiL Vt The cieaih of Foaenii Orations

tenimStudiu. i<H^ nudebj ifmtm;; Fa-
Umt Cbryftteru rk march of ConfiMtUf'
adranc'd rothc Fatri- mople for Nicefbanu
arcbal See ot Confiatt- the i^hiloibpber.
The dearb of A-
dMilbtrt xJae. hrlt Arcii-

98^ IX. m
The JEm-

bis Son Otho

UL lacceedf

984 XL a. The death of S.

Btbeiwald BiOop of

and leaves
9»bm XIV.

Digitized by Google
The Chrmiogical TahU.
WefJern Hm-

9B5 a
r«iurns to Lotbtrius
Jipne, COW K.of Frtmct
firm y«hm cnfesbbSoa
XTV. in the LffTfT to be
Cattle of & crowod.

be dies; Bo-
vifact dies
Iikewife four
Alooths after:
John XV.
B advanc'd
to ibe PaMl
Dignity. He
retires to Top-

€*tiSf ta maid
the' Fpriecn-
tl!in nf Crtf-

K. of Fr*«»
<iies«& Umi
iht Ptfr'fif*

JtcnTted Lis Ton

luccccd] ijun.

987 hl xn. m

of Lmk th
ed, Jum 11.
Hugh Cdptt
5s clckflcd and
K. of FroHCt,
of Jk<«7, and
crown'd at
JtjblHMI, fir

9S8 nr. xm. v. An h&mhif or Tbe death of S.'.

HttgbGsptt the FrfWf/j Ncblc-
Om^m Arcfabidwp
likewiie can- men at Orltmu foe
fiiUiSDa tbe Coramtioa of
J^hcrt ro f>c King ^m.
ouwD'd at _ Luitpifhus h niade

Cb4riej D.

wages War
wiib ibcm to
for tbe

Digitized by Google
The Cbrmkgkal Table,
TT'eRern Em-
Biftirm Em- ftrertt and CsuHeih.

989 V. xnr. n Ad*lbero ArcU>i- iiCoUDCiI C/<dr-

fhop of Fj^f!m! liy- rea* agiinit rhi U-

isg, Ul^h Lafit cau furpersot iheReve-
fa Jnmi or ^rnii/' Bttcs of the Church*
^hv, natural Brother cs kod of (tie Poor.
to CharUi Dainc of A Graadl at
Lorrsin to be cbofen
to fiipply Ut fiiQe^ A Council at
tis agaiaft jiJdlgar
a Clerk of tbe
Quifcb of


Tbe death of Faf*

euin Abbot oCLcIts.
Gtrgrdthit Bumk

S9 ,
va. XVL vm. t^MaMoitk of
Cbtrlet Dx£
Larrain is ta-
ken Prifoner
•t L4o«,ooa-
ytj'd wSen-
/ii, aod from
thence toOr-
trmt, where
be is coofin'd
in a Tower
tUliiii death.

99s vnr. XVIL Ameid or Amul' A Comdl at Cerlert Archbi*

fhiu Archbilhop of ^jm'mi. ibop of Upeim.
J^Mtf is depos'd in AamimMuktiS
« Council in that Ci< FUftry,
iy.and Gtrhert lub- The death utAd-
ftwwfil ta fail room. fi Abbot flf Ptif,

993 DC xvm. A Cooocil ac

^ims againfttfae
Uliirpm of Eccle-
fiaftkal Revenues,

^4 XIX. XL
Chsrln D.of
LtrrmM, the
hftof tbe

99i XL XX xn. 7«hi Chrj^^ff

Patriarch of m^tm'C m
A Council at ^Mie,
which & VIrk Abbot of
Alktrt at
tinofU dying, Sijm' was Canoniz'd. AJelMd
mm is fubfiitoted ta A Council at
bil roooi.
Artmlplu) is rr- in favour of Amul-
cftabliA'd in (be yjci/i againft Gerbert,
Arddriftoprick of A Council ul(pnpu:
Jibeimty aod Gtritrt The CooQcil at
fotc'd to retire. S, Dt$m$t.

Digitized by Google
l^he Chronological Table.
Wefitrn Em-
fercr$ftnd Eeelefi^ieal Af' CmiciU. EecUJuflkd
Kjnrt of Fr. ftirt. VFrittn.

996 XIL XXL XflL The Chard) of 7o£ii Abbot of &

John XV. 0<i&« goci PlMcnud ereded by
dies ia the CO /m/t- ?o^XV. to a Me- •t AI;/;(.
Monrb of Hugh Captt tropolitan See, » re- Ltt«ldm Mook of
dies, and bis ftor'd to the Arch-
Brtmt dx SonBdtrt of lUvar
bidiopi-icic Tbc Writer of
Riofiun cf iclptt •hme. na by Gregory V. UMi die Lifeof SiHtmr-
€»i&* ii cfao- O/Ao is rhr Ch'vch <>\ nr- M ,goneU.
fai in bis GHMradEoa- /#rr«r ii to (ike man- TbeAiubor of (be
Aead,andM' pcrar nerniMle Aibjeft to TnnfltiioaofS.C-
med Greg0ry byFo
Pope Gre- the Archbilhopnckof

y.CnfceHttMt ^gvewM by ibe ftose

aod caafet
Bp. of
Pttetntis to
OtU mtr-
dies (o /{cMw,

bitn a fti i a
craci manner
and re-efta-
bOihei Grcr.
Gerbert is made A Coundfat ^f'>y?^n Monitor
Afd^Hlbq* of v«iUM heldMdf I. frmcbetter.
hfGtrhirt Ardkir FtiJegodeMstkli
IbopofiliitG^. fUnterburr.
Lanfrid Motikt^


ni. naask The deirh ofN»-

A Coondt at /^rr;;
and beld io ibe Maruh is
bifltopot Toiat, Armenia.
fldicr ftAof* of of OHober. Tbe CoDtinna-
Fy«fK» are excom- A Ci:)nfT:tud''^n of tors of Birtbier't
maaicated by tbe tbe hmpcror U<i)fl Hiftory.
Pope,fbr GOQKnting UL pobliA'd in ibac Nieephem
o^wd afliftiiig tt ibe Pbiloibpber.
MuTii|{o bnwm
K.^akrr aod BirthM. MMook offflf-^
Ibe Dt|iuiy of an dk
Epifcopal See, ts re-
fi^d it) tbe Cournil
«tj^ to ibe Ck
of XAcf jtfijij, wUch
was crtif^cd to a Bi*
ftoprick under Otb»l,
aad afterward do*
bts'd noder OihtVl.
999 v. XVL A
Litttolfbfu k made F«- Tbedeatbof J(4g^
Tfaedeubof iMtfBilbopof

OdiU Abbot ot
AidibLofJ^ Glwgr.
«n«M Ibc*

biymzed by Google
O F t H£

Ecclefiaftical Writers
1 N XH£



T H^ro T M A R,
MorMoGuB of B0wtri4 j Flourilh'd in the b^siooug
flwywfcfrfMifai, «Hde AicUiilioriiStk. M HATTO,
Bilkop of C^fitfw i ftoaiiih'd ioilxpui oi the Ninth
Abbot of J Of and afterwardi Pifhngf of
;, tiTy f
, ^ . . *» Bilhop in 903. died in 910.


NOTGERcl]eSiioiiiiefer« | JOHN x.
Ploutt'd in die dBdaTik pitcediog GeMwy.and b . chorm in 911. dfed ui9t8.

***^trR eT"/a n"""

rat BODI7S « R a D bo D us. '
BMHv of t;mcl# i loade in 8f9. died in otS.
CtokflfthcCburcfaof J^jbeiswi Flooriardiavoo.
G AUTER lUS, lM«»itof &J*d«/Mf«!tfk#/FlodrUh'dm9»«.
AtcbbiOnp of Smi; Ordaio'd Ardibilbop in 887.
t „ o
/\ ¥ a c r « m r A«
t *v i «
^53^ 1' firnam'd Mj^ttd,
SOLOMON |PMmrdiofC«)(l««iw*/*j
1 raii'd ro -har Sfe in 890.

Billivar CiilllMe* i made BiOnp

» 89i.dKd *» 9^
^ ^,4. jajfic dhNWi'd in 910. &
btnUb'd in 901. reftoc*d io 91 1. depot'd « lecood
in 930.

B - '
Abbot fACwij in %txm% Fi«viOi'd in
Pacriarch of 4katmbU i naaiifli*d IWm 9}}.m 940*
of iIk Centnry. died in 940.
Arcl^tQlop of tti)tim > Ordain'd in 900. ROGENNETA,
JOHN IX. Emperor of CmJiMtintfk i born io 9ooJnoceedcd Ml
adnn^d 10 dw Papal D Jmher itt9ii*iiqpmtomtliinlKKin9i9died in
Pope ; gn;; y in 901* died in

Digitized by Google
A ChrmJogical TahU
Flour ifh'd under Cm/?4fl(i»Mr Porphp-ogrnntta. Dean of Medard at SoiJJon

SIMEON MET AP HRAST£S, die of tbe Tenib Century.

floorifli'd under the lame Emperor. THIERRY, '

Aicbbiftop oflMtr 1 Flowii'd io 960. died in 97*.

Abboiof Clutn; born in 879. made Canon olToariva
^oo.-qnbr«c'd tbe Monaitical Life in 9o9.6l0CCcd> Monk of C^'m Ssjuvi FlouiOM fion 9jeA» 980.
«d BfiiM jiMbe Abbey of Cluny ia917. A'BBO or ALBO,
LEO VII. Abbot of P4ew7i FlouriU'd from rite year 96o.k»^
Digoiiy 9j6. died in end of ihe Centory, died ia 1004.
F©pe raifed to the Papal in

Popes cboftnin^j. dkdib97a.
Vopei dtoTen in 943. dted in 946.
mi SON, .. D
AGAPETUS M. Abb«dfAN«Mv7; Flovnlh.'d Jb(m^yut96»,
946. died in 9;;-
Sopei eleiSled in

Mook of S. PMtaleen at CoUgn i Floorift'd m 97*.'
Bilbapof Fimnm; Fkmrift'd from the year 920, made
Si&op of Vrroni tn 931. tranilatcJ 10 L#f^fin 953.

nwrn'd loVtrw my} j.ietubat
in 97s.

Bidiopctck 10 966.

Canon of J^Mw, bwi k«94. RmriOi'd n 94*Jied Pope ; eleded in 974. died in 984.
in 956. ScETH EL WOLD,
LUITPRANDU5 or UUTPRAKDU5, fiilhopof mmeh^tr i flooriOt'd after ihe fm 9<o
died In 984.
BUbop of Crmma i FlMfidl'd frwiibe year 948. till .

Sr. D€/N&T4lf»
HILDEDERT, ArcbbKicip of (Umtrltury ; Bom iayj^mii^ Anb-
Archbilliop of Klent:(^ ; Flourifli'd abouc tbc year 940. fiiflicpi0 96i. died in 9S8. '


Abbot of C4/2rf/; FlowUhVi •boat tbe year 950. Abbot of tkuvret ; Fknioii'd in 9S0. died in 991."
Mmk of €bu9 { Rourlili'd abotat the fpnethne. Monk of S. Gaiws Flomift'd in 989.
O DO, fOtIN Xtf.
ilyNkbUhopof Cdnttrhury i FlouriHi'd at ibciaBie limc. ikyOi laifedM ilat Dignity in <)^iJ^ faf9<>
Monk of S. J<fM; at Ulieimj FlooriOi'd at the fame
ottnf, and died in 965.
0/ 4rmem»i Floorilh'd after tbe year
960, died m
Bilhop of rerctSi i gorcm'd that Cfanrdi from dke Cbofen
iJtibaiiiLtki ; ia 97}. died ib 990.
year 945.10 960.
fiifliopof Bubftddt i made in 97 5. died hi 999.
ArcbbiftopofCiKfni OidainMin 9S}.died-ia 9^3.
Pricaof Vtrduni Flourifli'd in 98 o.
Arcbbflhopof Mrttf:;: made io 954. dM jnftfS.
JOHN xii.

depofcd in 963. died in 964.

Pope i Bledbd m 996. died in 999.
Fope i elected in 9 5 3 .

Sr. L R I C, U ArchbilTiop of l{hrims, afterward of /^««mhm, and at
BiAopof ifufiftirr;; Flourilh'd fr ooa the beginoiqg of laft Name of Sjlvtfitr IL FlonrifliVt
tbe Ceamry, aU his death in 97). aboQC tbe year 980. cfaoten Arcbbifbop of !(jmm m
EDGAR, 99i.forc'd to leave his Archbilbcprick in 995.made
a little wbile after ArcfaiMfliop of iUoiWM^
King of Bi^Undi came id tbeCram in 9S6. died in «ad ad*
van^d 10 tbe Pafal^|pdi| jq99V -
vrao, ATMOINor AIMONIUii» .

WhofciStrtAui^i iiudein9So. dkdiD97|. Monk of FfrM7 i Flowidi*d fron 98<>. to tool, died
in i 007* H fi»

Digitized by Copgle
of tht Ecdefea^ Writers.
rbrigeX WOLSTAN,
MMkoffPliKl^l nooriMteibeiametiaM:
Monk viH^tnkimi Floarilh'd ia the fndttf tte Cen- MoftkoflSifioiirtiOfflji FMVdatifefin*
6 £ R A It D, LANFRID,
TbeVhipilof&t/faV; flairilh*d«ttlieltnetinM. Monk otmiO^tri Flaonft'd akooi ifaMd of tbe
ANanielefs AUTHOR, Ceatuiy.

Monk of ^Vttozx Verdun, who wrote a Cor.tiiiLiation

of tbe Hiitory of the BiOiops of Verdun aJccr Bcr^ Gbiatcrof tbe Cburdi ol Cmttrburyi
Flotuilh'd «c
Hoaiifli'd aixiKcliecad mf the Cnmfy.
toe tame time.
Abbot of Qtmikbun i nodrift'did die cod of theCes- Archbifliop of c^nrfrk,, ; Flonrifli'diii ikoid oflfii
Ceiutiry, died about \qo6.
BtAopcftAiMfe i FkniridAl tcd»fiuiiediii6 TfeFUtofiiiAer S FkmriOrdtttliecadof
Abbot of S Arnout or
aboQltiie lanse tiaic.
>f rmi
pli» MrTj^j fkmriibVl Biihop of tjrU i Floarifli'd it dte lutt

L£ 1 AL U S, Mook of Fi^ Fkwrift'd io rbe end of ibii
Monk «f MiQror SL MmnIi s w Eke maooer ^iflt'd nry, and ia ikekgiaeiiis of ibe Eleremh.
IQ die end of tbe Century. ODILO,
A Namcleis BISHOP, Abbot ofc/z/n; J made in 991. tyedki I048,
Of Germmy wbo , wrote tbe Life of S HMmgtmk i HIPPOLYTUS THEBANU5,
Floorilh'dixitbe endof tbe Century.
Flotirilh'd inihii Ceatarfi bai tke r—*^fr fhwti
A NameleC AUTHOR, kaowo. •

or Ik Hitorf of lbs TtnOmm of S. Efipkmius LAURfiNTIUS,

fiUhopof PMd« i Fkttiilbrd inttecodvf iteCea- A Monk of Liege, and afterward of 1^ ai VaimS S.
riearift'd ia ibit bigiaoi^g of tkeTwdfbCbiiBif^

A TABLE of the WORKS of th^ Ecclefi^

ajiical IVntm of the Tmth Cmtmy.


Bifhop of Strasburg.
Ctnuim fVorkf nbrfibMilifw;
S E V IL R. AL iMters^ rtfard to I lodoard. Certain Poetical Pieces,

F ORM OS US P^>;e. NOT G E R StarTtT^frfr^Moai^ SjQf^-

H« Gomune P^ytrkh
Cemn Lccten to Fmi^uts ArcbbiOiop of I^ims. AManyralogy.
A Fragment rt the L?feof SLGtlto*
POVLCLUES or FULCO,..^ Certain Projes or Hymoi.
A Treatife of Cbarcb Uvfi^
kif^of of Rhdau;
The Hiftwy of Chnfertugnt,
Snwiil Lmm podaccd bjr JManl TbeLifeof & G*Um in Verfe.

M A N CIO Jl^kf <f CbikMii. ATiaaltatiQii of tbeFfaker

Sfuritm Werkf.
in B^Dmdh
The LImor SL Lmid»*U and S. Hsmtetus.
Tiro Boobof iteMiiaclnof SI «awiAiv.

'bigitized by Google
A TM of the IVorkf
AUR ELIAN, 4 CMk if tk Chttd^f Certain HomiJieJ or SermOtM.
Tk Oftkc l/ ibr Tranflation of S.
Hymns tn bonoor of tbeSatnn.
A Work, kjl.
Cerum Poeiilk
ATre^iitc of Cburcb Mufick^call'd Ihe I{eguUr Tuntr. A<!!liraaicle.

GAUTERIUS, jirchkfjh^ «/Sens. ODILO, M^»»*</'5.Medirdtf#Sdflblls.

Hh Genutne Pf^orkj P i:t cxtimt.
CenaiD Ecckfi«(Uctl Cooftunuons. Ao Hi&ory of tbe Traoflatioa at the ^clicks oSS. Sr-

SOLOMON. Btfliop cf Conftancc. MiMaiid & ISMviDihe MoflcflMy of &


6nitiB Hoeni dedicand cb Atit NICOLAS, Patriarch cf

Genuiw H^orl<i.
B ON N O «• B A V O, tmby m Divcrj Letters (o Pop? s and oiber Perfons,
EUTYCHlUi, Patriarch 0/ Alexandria.
Ao Hiltory oi ibe tnetnorabic: Ai^ltons of bis time.
A FralBMNtof ftTffcttile. calfd Tbt cimmmi or
H EK V /EU Archh^ih«f ff Rheims.
lf» d(|f(bf 4f ffuim Unmgt m trdtr.
iVorkjytt in Mtnufcrift,
ALener toGtij ArcfabUbop of ^gmm, A Trctiiic of tbe Art ol Pbyljck-
A Ui ipDtaiioo between a GIviftiMi aad ft I fai My,
JOHN IX. ?oft.
Tbe Hiftory of Sieify.
A Difpofing of predoiu Tbiogs in order from tbe
OcitioBof a» World til tie year 917.
A Getmm Wtrk, T Af Emptror of CoiiftaiUiaopl&
The Life of S. Hmtlfim Abbot of Rltnngtn. Gnntint Workj.
The Hiftory of tbe Iiaige of ^tfm Cbrifi fiuu to Ahgif
THEOT MAR, MetrofoUtm^ham. rmKmitdBdiffih mA brongbt 10 Ctafimimfh
A Letter written in bis owA N«me, aad nader tfattof The Life of tbe Eawevor Ai/S/L
the Biibop of BMiMiji^ to Pofe 74tt EC A Treadle of FdbklBI.
iiUtencftl Paodcds.


ALcBcrtoVo^fifaiDC A Cmnine Wir^ wbidf M bav$.
Tbe Hiltory oi tbe tiiuog and Ikiciiig of ^mifdm bf
STEPHEN. AhhintfUAm.mitfm'
wards Bij^of ef LiegC.
Above ft bandnd Lives of tbe
mrkfUt. fbtpt and pan printed.
cm of Holy Scripnuv.
Concepdoaitalcea Moral Semencei nd Rnteti
Cemtn Pr^um Dtlcoiuicsoa ifae Tmkft aad the Nine Lctrcrj-
Xovemioo of S. Sttphm's Body. Ceruui Poetical Pieoei.
One bundredUmof dir
W»kf fined.~
AlnMt4fo fttniboicd to otber Aatbours &c AiUtiut
JOHN X. P«^.

Three Letters.
His Gnm'ne fVgrf^i.

RATBODUS, crRADBODUS An Abridgaicat of ^^Grtgwyt Morals.

Hy tntrt aiid Aaibemt in booour of S.
Bijbof ^Ltrctht. Mmm.
Collations or Conferences.
The Lives of S. Gtrard and S. liaut^ of
A DifcouHeontbelifeol' $, 4mM«tM, «ad ihitof AoAflooom of Ttmibibm of SL
The Encemium or OaBmcodaiRHi of S. JMMk
TradB in CMmBendttioQ of & himm tnd SLBta^Jcv. A Bucgyrick 00 S. BfwAA

Digitized by Google
^ the Ecckfr^ical W^rit&rt
D 17 E A N D U i^i^ ^Caltrd:
Tbf Lifif of S,

be Monal.

Tbe Life of S.MMni. J OH M. Mmk fl/Cluny. ,

A CenUint fVork^

LEO vn. The Life of S. Oio Abb« of Cltmj.

O D O, AfMiptuf 4 Canterbury.
Bit Hiimim w^ki.
MARINUS U. P<^< gflclgfidtol
Cwi aiiMiMrt;

BERNERUSj Jdtoi( tf/'S. Rttny lUieimk.

AGAPETUS IL Piyt; Genuine ff«i<4fb

TiK Li& of S. IbMMN&i

Two Leocrs.
IkHHIaiytftlMlrm(UfiM«r ibi Ut oTihd

RATHE R1U S, Bij^f Verooi.

A Book of FerpeodknUiib His Genuint tf^k^iftiU txtmn.
A deliberuifeOMddiai nude «t Ln;#.
A ConjcLlare on a caxtia QH»riir A Capitulary for tbe Clci^y of Bis Dioce^.
A TrtCt about tbe Coottxt bet«M«a ^fthriiti mi the A Treatife oK tbe Perfecmioot raii'd aiaicit Clergy-

Clergy of r«rm4.
An A[>J^^pctical Trfiiife'. Ekven Lemn.
A Dilcoiiricio ibeCkrf;^ of J^«r«M.
A Chtntr 6r di» faMndMi «f Gimm inAntl of P»litic4, or tbe Perpca^Cttlir.
An Ordsaaaoe probibuinf to loktsaize Huritigu cm
Sundayi. BRUNO, ArcUifi^p '/Colpgi.
Five Loirn.
A SfQodual Letter. A Comaieotary oa tbe Peinateiicb*
l^rinirvvtloacruy to l^fiM*
Six Senrofij t

WILLIAM, AnU^ftfMcna.

A Letttr on the BaeUriR.

Tbe Combat, or MednatioMflf iteHMft

A Book call'd ?br9»^
JOHN Xn. Pi^.
I>ivcra Senoon*.
TbeLifeof &tyr/ii«r.
A Grammar, which bears tbe Titleof f/er« dtrfu Two Letters.
FLO D O A R D, Cmm of Rheiau. 5. ULR C I Brflfo-p ofAugibarg,
Gevnine IV rk.^ ftill txtmt* Gonuint kForl^i.

An Htth}r|r ot the Cburdi ot Hhetmi. Several Sermons x^ka'A m by ibc Autbor of hb lift;

LUITPRANDUS, cr LIUTPRANDtTS A Letter ifcow the GddMct «f9rie&

BiJ}i»p of EDGAR, England

A Hiftory bcgjooiog at tbe Reigo of tbe Empcrots HisLaM

Ia9 and Jh imlptm, ttd OMKng «r'4iM of Cmffw His Difixuirfe to S. Dw^m.
A Rduioo oi bn iMBiM% w tbe £»feror Fjbpc«r. .

An Hiftorf of ih» Sa^tflfM of Ami^. CertuB Eodbfiaftical CocAiittiQBiL

U T H O, Bi^«f 9xfahiu^:
Tbe Lives of tb«
A CbroDiclc.
The Li»« of S. Arhofufftii and S. Ainani.

HULDEBERT. jircUsfiH^efUtm' GERARD, Dtan «/ 5. Medard#« ^Xtm

Gemtint JVtrkf. A Gtmim f4^trl(,
iUlMrfdMlbilMi Tbe life of SI ifeiMMmvio Brafet

Digitized by Google
A Table of tbe ff^i>r{s
A Lencrio IPh|G> Bidnpof IfMhr,
A D S O N, itfWsr ^Deartcf.
THIEHRY cr THEODORIC, Genuine fVarks which we have.
Arehhijhop of Trier. Tbf Vvc, nf
S. Froai>trt.
S. Smyw, & A|M», & Mm^M
j1 Genmm Wtrk,
Tbe Hiftory of the Tianllttiai and MindctofS.
The r in* of S Lutrad4. Bercartm and S.Frtdbert.


ilionit S. GaUus.
TlimBooboftliellHIdrxofiheliMMif, coottioisg
tbe Reigns of tbe Bmfoan Bmj ibe Fowkr» ud A Mue to A Ttcadfe of ibe Getadar.
Cmin RxiBit A Tfcatiieof tbe Calendar. -

fVarkt hit.
The tJT« ofS. Thccl^ anH S. PWthc firft Hennice. JOHN XV. ¥0fe.

AB l; O, or ALB O. ^.bh^t ofBtwy. GemdmnM^/Uttixtsnt.

A Relation of cbe Tteicy of Pbue bciwun BHkHt
tin Genuint IVarki fhich we have.

An Apology. Aa Admaaitioo to tbe BiAopt of Pietr^,

Letters to Bernard Abbot of BMnfiiM.
A Letter to to Abbot of F«^. NICO of Armenia.
ACblledlimQfC«MMi A Genuine Wvi k.
WerkfltRl A TnAoOMMlivg the Religioo of ihe Armenisnt,
k Letter in HesMMSer Vcrfe ia CnmmfndirioB of
Tbe Harmony of tbe GoTpd dfldicind w OUb, Abbct ef Ujbe$,
A Trauiie of I be Cr r /f f Genuine Ifirl^,-

spur torn Workj- Hit HtftofX of tbe Abbey of Lohi.

An ]&)hd(De of ibe Liret of the Popes. Tbcm of & Vrfimir and S, Futcnin.
XteTjfeof&UML R E G N A L D, B,Jhop ef Eichftadt
JOHN Xni. Pi^.
GMiMtiyirV; The Lives of S. Nica/^r and S. BUftui.
Bdv Letter*. The Lives of S. fV,lbM aod S T>„f,<rha/J.


Pr$e^eJ Verdun.
An Hiiiory of the Miracles oS S. yamUlbert.
ACowFcndioMHiftwy ofitaBiflwpaofFtriw.
ROGLK, Monk of S. Panuleon « Cologn.
A Genmat H'orkJiiS extant. GREGORY V. P.^.
The Ule of JB^AfcU>i(bop of c</^
ROSWIDA, <^5l»^GandcrflJeim.

A ?i:cm 00 tbe Life uf tbe Baiperor CMS*L

Other Poetical Pieces.


A Genuine Work^ The Hiaory ot the Adts of the Council nf ttfuim 5m
ALener lo the Bidiopi of Firtme and Germmef, 991. ^ -ww^ m
A Difconrf^. TO the Ccundl q{Mou:^cv ia
ETHELWALD, Bi(hop 995
S. Winchcfter. A Difcouf ic cooarwDg the £pifcop.j fuodlio^
Sprim mk/, Simooy, wbch ke oompoi'd, being
Thiee Letters written daring bis
ATrcatife of tbe Abbots of idaiifmn» aod others Pontifical^
mentioo'd by Bitfdeus.
Divers Treauia ot Rbctorids,
&D U N S T A N, Archbijf^p ifCmrerbory. nutty.
Arttbaiencfc^ and Geo-

W Genuine Wtrkf.
Caneerdid, or Roles for tbe Kdooaftkil Life. Monk of Fleury.
BcdefitftioUCoottimiaoaiu^ of£<^4r The Hiaoty of frmet in ibroe igofajHl
---aim ai44


Digilized by Google
(?/ ^he Ecctejiajlical Writers,
ilie UfeoT iMi AUwt of Wkmy. A NameUfs German BISHOP.
Two Books (jf the Miraclci of S. Benedict
A SoiDOD on (iie FeftivAt of that Saint. dGtmum Wtrk,
A Pjece in Verfeoi UtTmaaaiion, tod on ibeFoan- Hgtiftrf&lliwydk
dMkn or the Abbey oSFkmj,
Tbc Hff^ory of t& Tranlhtiiniif tbeBbdff
«f & Bifi
Ad Hiftory of the RiiTinp of LiVff.
fbdmuj hifbop of Bsms. .

A Treauie of tbc Body aod Blood of lefiis Gbrift*

Gtmim Warkf.

A Lmer Tbe Life of SL BtbtlmtU.

to Uugbx^u frTcral Qirfftior^;.
A Hi^o7 ill Verie Of die TiMOniM fif
A Jittuk of Difcord, and of liw Comins of oar
S. Wi
DtiAtful Winks. FRIDIGOD, JM^Corby.
HbeUraofS. JbMiditiMl & A4»M Genuiru Wor^t,
The Lives of S. WH/rid aod S. Om».
i< Gmtine fV«rI(. LANFRID, MmkpfWwdiater,
Tbe Life of & X.«^{vr fiifhop ofMin^fm Gmm'm Wmr^f.
Tbe Ufc of & Smitbin.
An Hiftory of tbc
that Saint'jflody.
Mincki ana
^ tie Tnadarinn
*«OIUMon of ^
7kliie,«r& tetelQnf oCA^sM OSBORN,CA^r,r ?rr4fCW<Qtt.
GERARD, ri»Pi^/<S.UIri& A Genumc W«rl^
A Gttadm* WtrkjmUeb mi liiMs> TbeLifeor&l)M^4ii^
lie life of & t;i^ fiiflop of iAyjiii^
A L FR I C, LF RI Q ^.i^^.,/'
*^MMrf^ WRITER, M<M«I^ 5.Vito«r dmcrbaiy.
fAGtHidtnt ^firk,
A SertnoQ.
A Oo^doMtfatt of Btr^bitr'i Hiftorjr of the BiHbopt of Two Laten.

ALBERT, or OLBERT, A^t of Wor^lon,wnHmMm4aifii

Divers Sermnn?
, Gemblours. in th? Jaxw Tongnc.
Ao Hiaory of ibc yew and CbrtSigm liU the

Tbe Lires of ifae Fathers coiapoi'd by tbtt Aoibor. APeniteona).

A Letter about tlic Mooaftical Life
ALDBLBOLD, Bi{h»f tfVueOit, A Letter agaioft tbe Micriite ef OHW-iaeo.
A Gentfine fVnkt
Oemio Lives of tiie Sanis.
TbeHiftotyof tbe Emperor Hmry UL TjwikiiMor Akne Woifcsof clie
fV«rkf lift.

HyraM m n«ife of tbe QnA, ead of tbc Virgiii

N I C E P HO RU S. fJ. Plii^>^.
Some other Work*.

JOHN, Abht rf S Arnulphw tit IhfctZ.

Genuine H'ori^s. MOSES 5ARCEPHA, -r-rt
An AcoNintof the Life and Iranflatioa of S GUde- Syria.
A Tieiufeor the TcmSriaf nndife
LSTAIDUS, AMifMieK, OTHLd,Afai«<5fFoIda.
•r S. Memin.
Genuine TVorkt. TheLiiiof
An Hiftory of tbe Miracles of SL JioHnib
TbcUkof §.7»/i4»B«bopf|riMflM. The Life of S. fi«nr/4cr.

Digitized by Google
A Table of the Ms^ Letters and Canons^ &;C.
OD I L O, ^bbot */ Cluoy. A Fragmenr of a£bronicIe. ....
Gtimim Wmkf fiiJl ttetsmt, I be Lives oi rbc Apoftlrt.
tlietiTeiof& Mmiimi$,MUidt, LAUKENTlU$,M«iio/ U^e^smd^^
Lciter J t'j S Fulbtn.
HntmdifS. Vico «r Verdun*
Three ocher Letters.
Fourteen Sermont.
A GaiMrnit Wtrl^^
HIPPOIYTU iflEBANUS. A ContinMiiMiof iheHiftory «f tbc Biflioptof Tfl-

A T A B L E of the /*8x, and Camns of cbp

COUNCILS held in the Tentb Century.

Tttn Letten, fetitimi

iffli. ,
CrttBifffr iiaff, Petitimt
and Cmmm-.
and Cmpiw.
JBcvca Cat)(w.
^ Codnea«tl^9P4 Adi divided into
S. Thutrj 9SI An Extrad
ot ite kda
ACounnI at /^avrmitf 904. Tea CaputUarics.
A Council be!d An EjKr»<ft of the At*}! in
A Coancil tt Cantirburj ib. tie toft.
tlie Dioce^ Htdogrd and in
England, undcr^9o6 JJiws.
de" •

ACoaodI ai f(pni 9*1 k&s.

King £4iMr^ 3
Ads diridedkioFiImn A Coaocii M 9*4
Ariide*. ACowidlM «NM 9^4 A Dec
Ads loft.
Ads loft.

Aa £nna of the A(£b in

A Itmrioitt Decree.
A Cofoadl at ](4w«m9^ Adtifld Lei.«rihe Vtf.
Eigbt Canons, of wbicb An AtffiTib. in Enf^!. T
oolyfoarrtmajn> under K- £<^^4ri5c >9^7 Uwt twi CooSiintioaL
9*3 AnfiKtndof tfaeAdsIn S. Dtmfttm \
A Coiinril at Cn*-/ .^/^
An A£(cmb^ iol fitnttno^t under>9^7 A*"*"
Liwt. Hietfbtm Ph-coi \
Ktng£/£«|ki J A Council at Mount ? AAn
AftExtradlofihe Adsin s. r Anixtradef ibe kct% i$

9*7 AnEstrad; ofdbsAftsin tlieLifeof V^Ca

FiedmrJ, A g«i«tal
^ Coandl
inBi^Umd ^^^^
A Pfcfioe lad Flw Ca-
Canterbury un- /
nons. I

^* Ao Extract of rbe A as is
AnExtradof the Ad^j inj dcr S.D«i^«iif Dta^m's Life.
BMmi. I 971
91s ADecree agaiBftU!'u<f«^
«fEcdefiati. Revenues. 971 Acn
AnBztnd of Ibc AdU in Chnreux 989

AnEccle&ftte: Af7 SeitHi 989

fembly in H«5f/«i^944 Uw9 Hiihfiiliiri and
99» Aoi and IXiboorfai of iir-
under K. Edmund 3 CiviL
'C»»ftsiitinopIe 944 Aaiioft by Gtrbett.
Near the Rt'l Aasbft.
RbHm 991 An Admonition 0/ the B|>
fliops, & Cirhert'i LfiT(?r.
Vmbm 947 A« Exmd cf the AAi is 995 An Ad for iltc Caoooia-
tioaof S, ^Mnt,
AnEnrad^ of (he Ads in
f7S Acr*.
tbe fame Author.
An Eacract *i (be Aaski
In^elhtim 948 Ads and Ten Cinonf.
Jlamint Appcndhf.
94S An ExtraCl ul ibc Acti ia St. Dtiuus
99) Ao Batrao of lie hmim
TriVr Of IVrwi 948 Ads in Phd»4rd. 997 *niret Canons.
o ^ Lotidm 943 Laws loft. 99»
(J £«lKCaiMQi or CooOi-
TheCfaanerof a Domti- tntiont.
oaio dx MniHtiy flf Pntiert 999 Tfircc CaOQBA
Acn loft*
449 Eund of Ik AAiti

Digitized by Google
A TABLE of the of the WORKS Ecde/iaflical
• of the Tenth Age of the Church
jiabors difpofed
according to the Si^jeds they treat of.

jM» Abbot of Fletoy'$ Apology.

-—Hii two Letters.

— Htt CoIIeaion of Canons.
Pbpe Johm the Thinecnih's Letters.

A Dillenatioa agiinft ibe

Net's Tnft eonecmiaf iiNRd«ioa of ibe

JIfftbtrim't Trtati(e of ibe Eodiirift.


Herigtr Abbocof Lthes's Trearifcon the fame fubjcil.

Pope BtmiiB the Seventh's Letters.
S. Dmftsns Letter to tfa^ fiilbop of Wn^br.
Pope Gn;^ tbe Fi&b> nor Letters.
Pbpe5//(;(/7eribeSecoaihQifav6of the Bpttopet
A Sennoo and two Leant oo ihc^fitMbvUt bjr A{frie Bfftop of Mmp^
Letter to F«/cw Arcb* CMWs
bilhop of I{heimj.
Alfric Archbilbppof Omurimj't ^"iwiral Lmer.

B0*ks ^ Cbareh-Difciflme.
Pope SttPbtm tbe Fifth's Letten reierr'd lo FUdo*rJ.
CerainLetten by Pope Fornufm. Pope Stefim Ae FKfa's Leners leferr'd to fUdttrd.
tmlcm Arcbbifliop of it&etiiut's Letter*. Pope Fami^ LoKif fioMI bf the feme An-
Bccirfaftial Conftiiniioni bf Qtmurim AtchbiOop of ibor.
Stm. / LenoB wrinca hf Fakm ArebUftop of t(^m$.

'Btrvxm Arcbbifhop ofl(jb*MM% tCttcr 10 Go Aftfar NUgf the Stammerer^s Hiftory of Chtrltnumm.
biiiop of
by VapcJtbmlX. .
Fope Jcbn IX and Btmdia iV'a fefoal
Pope the TcndA Letme,
M0f ond Theotmar's Leuen to Pope Jth DL Charht the Simple King of Fr^ww, his Letter to the
Vbpe 9tmdi8 ibe Fourth's Leuert. '
Bifliope of tbaiKti^doai, and
Pope y»bm X. a- w
Fope7«Aiitbe TcwnLencrir ' I I boutbe'Aftirqfflii/lAAi*f being wnidcdnpoa the
SdrntrJ King of Er.f^'ind s Law| i0'9o6i, Biflroprfckoftf*;*.
KtD£ Etbei/tan's Laws ia 92^. • • A Fragmcmof tbe Hiftorical TreatUe. bf BmkkUg
Lcnen lijr Nfeite Phtriaidi of CmfiimUmfh 10 tbe
Pbpes. v.. \ C<mfi4ntin» Pmftt/npmitkt* isk of ibe Eai|Nior
Pope L«« the Seventh's Letters. BtfiL
Fope i^j^MMT the Second's Letters. His Hiftorical Paodeas.
Hathrritx Bifllop of TtfrMw's Book of Perpendiculars. -His Hiftory of the Image of ftfia CtM
- - His delibciative CoodBfioo
His Wtkiam tkam the

made at Li^t./
* "
broDght from Edtjfs to Cmftsmtimfk.
ft. CMitttSmtit mwf of tbetakpg xifmfikm by
him and his Clergy. tbe $ur*ct»s.
-His Apologeticat Treaiife. f(g»bttiusi Apology , and fome other Traces of the
•Difcourfe to the Clergy of K«rMi4. lame Author.
>His Charader aod S|«adel OmMmog^ JnUMr/t Hil^ory of the Cfauicb of J^^dobk
•His Fire Letters. — His Chronicle.
HisSyaodelLener. Laitfrmdm's Hiftory.
•His Itinerary to J^smt. HaRdatkaGf bSt £niba<^ t» ibeEaapaor
His Six Sermoos. PifMr.
Odo ArcbbilTiop of Cantm His Hiftory of tbe Eapalfion of Brr«t^«r.
doM and PaftoralLener. A Chronicle of the Arcfabifl»p of Jtfnrf bf ffiHim
'4m Biftop of rarcrtTs Capinlaiy. Arcbbilbop of that Citf.

His Treaiife of PtefacwiB M liifed egibift die ff^ttehinJm's Hiftory.
Pope Jobm die Fi&eoub's Relation of tbe Ticaqp of
•1^ ElevcM Lfiwrf. Peace becween BMrti and HiebMri.
-—His two Leners to P ipe John XII. His Advice to tbe Bifliops Ptctrjf. ^
£4sar King of BHglsadt hit Laws. Fidaim'i Hiftory of the Abbey of ijAes.


Hit DilccBfle of & Oei^aa GirAweAicbbilbopof /(.^um^ Letters.

Digitized by Googic
J TMrf the ff^tr^f. Sec
Otdtrft Hiftory of the AOs of die Cooncil of
againft Anutlpbus.
4^ Monkof
Vffin lifaiin/f life of f. Ln^pr BAop of"

" His OUcourfe lo the Council of Mou^m,

' TiK LHe of Cttw ^C^anvrf tNiBniL
Utri^trAUbK of Idti* liiOwy «f ikt Whop of 7«fa Abbot of & Amulphm at Mrr;^f LifCS of S.ClNfr>
Lstgt. and & 7«b« Abbot of 6«r;{e.
Ainmn Moak of Fktiryt Hiftory of Fr^aer. ietdlJa^t Hiftorr of ibe Mfrtdes of S. MeMAiu
Mw» Covpato fiiftifj of ifee Wtagt of IVr Hu Lire of S. JuHav Biftop of
The Life of S. HmmimtU by a naaielcfi G*rm«i fit-
ACcntiBMtioa of the HiAety of ibe Bilhopi of Vtr- lho{>.

dun by a nameler* Monk, The Hiftory of the Tranflatioo of tbc Body of i

ifir/fo/it Hiitonr of tilt Brnmm Hmj 10. ;ii&«ifi»Biibtpof P^'« by a oamelets Wriccr.
A FragoMni of ttifftfytat 'Oikum^ChimMr mifimt Monkof flMliry2«r'iLtfeof & BtU»M.
Lmrmee Mook of Lief^t'% QiaiaBilin of ibe Hifto- His HiQocy of cbe TraaflaoMi of the Bo^r
fy of cbe fiiflwpiof KiriMi. ofS-Smuhim,
FriJtgtd Mmk
of CMfffao/i Uffttof 1 liSIMpaBd
S. 0»e«.
Livtsif th$ Sslmh
LMnfriii Monk ofmnebtjMtM of S. 5#(fim, and
HUiory of the Miracles of UlTtillflttion.
Jilcigtr the Siammercr's Martyrolofy.
Oji^m'sLifcof S. DunfiaM.
Hii Fragment of ibc Life itfS. GMu. NiV»/W ibe Philofjpber's FaaertlOMAmArllir
.J ,1 .ii^vcu ,^
L.fc °f S

Life of & Prrartl..

f,'*;" . .

OJ./f MookofS.A<f^*r<^at J«/««ihtsHiftory^ofthc M«Vlftf«^

Trandanoa of (befUUcki of & Stks/hMm aod &Tf-
q^,/, ^bbot of CWs Lives ofS.
Hifftltm tUkmmA Uva of tbe Afiofttefc
HfuiMduitLntt of S. AmtlbergM aad-S. WiMfmJL

Mreaphraflefi Lives ofthe SaoilS.

Abbot ot Clun/s Lives of S.GtrMiu aod SMtrtitt
HiiAcooaaiof ibeTnoOuiooofdiefiodyof 5<«rm McufbrMBest Moral Seueoces.
Oi» Abbot ofehip^Cowfctcocci.
I Comi —His Sermons. — •

on S. BaneJiS, -—His Epitome of S. Grtiny'i Morals.

mUtlnrt Arcbbilbop of Mtof^t Vcm Of oemio I(ftimm'» Cofijedhire on tttttAi (^iftf*
- ,
-His Sermons.
3tiM Mook ofCimLife of S. Oil. S,XJInc BUhof of dtatburit Sermons.
AnNKn^aLifeaodTcMllaiionof ibe Rdfckf of& at- fUiU iUbat of Cib0r^SmMttiead Lenett. ^
6irh)|> of S^iofanx'i Lives of S. ^r^^f^Mand H^arkt skont^ a Muu^ick Lift,

6^4ri Monk of S Medxr^s Life of S. i^«M«tf/. Ode Abbot of Clmy'% Conferences.

Itien^ or Tbudaric Arcbbifliop of Trmti Life of S, DmStmtt HaraMftf, or iUika fer tbe Mooafiifik
& Iwniic Life.
Abbot of LoMwHi ifiAoqr of d» Mincks of
S. fVmdtdkrt. FMticsl Worki,
Kfger Monk ofSL F^MMWtUfeof Aow
of Calo^n.
H^Mlirtmmt BMhof of Strahurgh's PoeoHk
4Mm Abbot of Dfj/trf't Lives of S. Btruin, SA^fUw,
Nelger the ShttMB^'s Ptefrt and t^fHMb
SL hUnfuet, and S. Fradhnt,
Selmun Bifbop of Cmtfimu's Poon.
His Hiftory of the TraoilaiioM tod MiMda
Simeon MetaphrMfie/i PoCtM.
of S. BtrcMri and &
Hymns and Aotbems n faoMMr of S. MM»te»
Abboiof M% Lira of & t^ffaur ndS. Od«'s
j(j^»MAs Ninof GM^ff/WaisfaerPoaftootbeLifeof
the Anperor Orh L
Htgindd Bilhop of EieiAMdt'% tlM or&NMb^.BAr
Her other Poetical titm.

Jw, S. mihaldm, and S.VmuhMli. Aimrim Mode of TittMaft of

Htrair Abbot of Life of S. fr>Mr.
S. fcw*fc ^ibi Purti of Abbey cf
^iiMw't Life of i<M« Abboiof ffaPTt.
HbtwoBHkiof Ibe llinwfci of &
.UisScomiao AUnl«f tbttSifab


Digitized by GoOgle
A Tdie ofiie Qkncils, &C.

An Alphabetical Tarle of the Ecclefiafiical Mhors

of t;iie Ttf^ Cemu0%
Ost«rM Chanter vfC^Httr-
A Bbo, or jHh,Ahbcn of S. lAt^w/y-m ArcbbilTiop j
^olin Abboc (i(S.Arnul-
Flemn, ji A-' of Canterluyj, 64; pbusuh4eti{y $4
Ahlbtro ^^.oiAiigthurg,^% D«r«Mte Abbot of C^^lrri Adook of CAin^, 50 R.
d XJtreebh5 ^ 67 n AthMu
j^iahold Bp.
Adjon Abbot of Dkottm,) s E Li1r>Jy$d Monkof fT/n ^ Birhopot
,ttr I(jdhclda$,

Ai^m Abboc ofLttxueil, ib. |}^4r k.of £MrW, 64 c^A<r, ... 66 i(ftheriut B iTtop o.' J'ir*-
Jigtptm II. Pope, 9 1 & Ai S. &ieW</Biftop of lo. Jequ.
jUmoin or Aimamm Moilk mncbifitr 65 and aficrwaidofSLFSM tfH^inaldus Blfilopof£ie&-
AiOicftifl^ Puruucb of A- it Trt^iMi, 55
itftt*rr. arO0vrf; Afelntor kxmtiria, 4 £«• VII. Pope, 8 & 19 I{^gtr Monk of S. PMir«-
Gtmblours, 54 F. Letal^vs Munk of hU^fie /fon 2t C /*«•/, 5^ '

4f jfne. or i£^, Ardr FLbdmdt Cmoa of S. MemiH, JS HsfvidM a Nua of Gio-

bilbop oUGmiitrhry^ Jt6f/au 45 Lmr/rauAtfyfiilhop ofCrr-
An ijwitrmMW Aaibor fii- Forn^ui, Pope, 31 S
ibop of GfraMiipf. 61 fWcMi , Arcbbiihop of M, CO/«fflm fiilhop of C»Ki-
An Amtgmtm Amhoc ^tdwu, 31 MAkeimBUkap^eU'
Tridegcd, Monkof Cmmt- Urns, 35 Metapbr4^ti,
^Ky, 66 _
hUrinus 11. Pope, 9 Stephn V. Pot)/-, ^ I
Aaotber gwwy Wri- lyBMH, or Fikidat Abbot
^ fww MoiiJ( Anonymous, 55 Stephtn Abbor of Ltitff
ter, Mtfts Bar-CefbHtbiOoflli aftcrwaid fiiDiop of
wf<«o Bifhop oiP^retil, Syria, 5 Liege, 52
AmeliM Cterk of dw Cb. G4utgriiUt AidmAop K. T
of 47 A Namelef) Author Bi- IT'Iltn'nitr MetropoIltjQ
G«r»dS. Vine I Papil,s6 fliopuf GfrOTiPy, 6i
A Wi rter,Mook
finvn^. Dean vt^MtJUrd
1 Snffms^\ i
of S. r*/«tt yerdun, JJ
Tfcff 177,

or Ttetdouc Aicb-
of Tr$er, 61
Btnedsa Vn. Pope, to 'Grtgory V. Pope, i $ 8c 10 J
Anoiher Ndtnele/i Author. U.
JlmMnvMook otSLl^mx H. 61 T Muk

Arcbbilbop of: Nictfharui tbc Fiulofepiier, ^ iLfric.v.rVjfn

oHf-'frthin 6l
Btrtbier VneftofVtrdM, Mnwf, 16 I
5 S. TJhic Bifhnp of yfttg/^
55 Hehtrie , or CLilferic, j
Nicelat Patriarcfa of Cm- /'tfrj;, 56 (3 fciju.
Monk of S. Gdt 14
jbn)^ Abbot of Nietof Armmia, 4 60
Bormo, or fi^tw. Abbot of Herx^eus Archbi/Tiop of Notj^er the Stammerer W.
Mook of S.G«i; 60
^niw Afdibilbop of Cf IliftMffr* Aichbiftop of a irgmnut, Bilbop of

r^HUperie, or Httfnie,
Hifftfytui thel&^4», 4 ^ AKhotnfC/
0^//7» Monk of S.Mt-
dsrdKSdUjiHU, S4
Straiburg, 59
Arcbbilbop .
!• AAwjf, ibid.
Monk ofSGrfi&r, 54 JeannetCamenittes 4 ,
Odo Abbot of C/w«r, 50 H'tichiri Jut , Monk of
^«/>M lX.Pope,6& 15 Od» Arcbbilbop of C^mtf Or^ in Sdxmjf, 60
hay, 64 tVal/ttm Monk of IPSir
7oi&n XII. 10 8c lO. Olhrrt, or ^/W, Abbol of

An Alphabetigal Table of the COUNCILS held

in the Tenth Age of the Church.
Fit JPiyii. Xtfib An*. FiSH^ lAirr. JSmTA P/fce. P4|^rf. Tcgrt
• ^ttuHMttf^' ^89
A lHb<fc^, 49 iDo>
^ C

elUMMnMihsr.37. 934

p6w, ^7.

920 p/^ifr,«s, 93» I

' G4Mr/r^r/r;> oodcr C^«ii»i««y/f, ibid. 944 En^bnJ under K. ^ IN^elheim. 9, 948
& Ang^w^Xi ^
974 Ci H^Kfi^i ibid. 967
i £dNM«h463, 944 iifgelbeim, 38, 97^
L Lm4mi>

Digitized by Google
An INDEX of the Trimipal Matters, &c.
Tttrs. Tttrs. P/mt. P^r^f/. Tf^A P/iCf. Fi^.
H«fB«, Li 9^4 Wy. 35, 909
^Ondm, 64, 948 & 904 i^om;, ibid. 964 911
{(omty il 5c 995 914
M. j^Jtif»»4, 48, 997 i^amr, ^
211 i^ffine under Sjlvejler
J{btims, 39, 975 II. 49t lool 947
ibid. 971 ^lmms, 40, 989 S.
MM^My J2i 948 J(j!vimi, ibid. 99* C gwtt. 40. 989 w.
Mff«3f9n, 948 I(bnms, 4*» 993 ^ S4ig^,i7, 94« y^Jfcbefier, 6^ 975
J4»«;{«»,41. 995 i^^eiiw. 44, 995
P. 904 1"fli>rr7-CA«rM«,37, 934
'pOititrs,^ 999 9. 949 S.Tf)ierry,^ 95}
963 1W<r,or Trmijibid. 948

A General I N D E X of the Trincipal Matters con-

tained in this Volume.

ABltjs io ibe pofTcflion of Lay-men, 61^ Rrftot'd ifn»N//iirjKtngof Gtrmtnj, crown'd Emperor, by
to Regoftr Cmons, ibid, feme rerain'd by the way of recompencc for bciiip fevere againft the
Bf feveral Abbcyi govcrn'd by tbc fame nuns, The time cf his death, tbtd
Abbott ibid. Artaldtis ArcbbiAop of Bpfi^' his Ordination 37. ,

Abbey of S. Ambrefe at MiAm ; a Pririledge grant- A Priviledgc granted 10 him by King Lem d'Otitrr-
ed to it> lo. jww.ibid. He is oblig'd to rclign bis Arcbbilhoprick,
vf^^ of C/«iir, when and by whom
Its firft Abbot*, 10. A Privikdge
fonndcd, ^
graatcd to that Ab-
and to accept of two Abbeys, t^i^ His Tretty with
Hugh upoa accoont of that Refignation, ibid. He is re-
bey, 15, itofcd to hisEpifcopal Sec, 36. Tbc time of his dcaiii,
Abbty of CrcjUnd, a Donation made to 11,^4. 39.
Abbey of Fkurji a Privilcdge graiucd to that Ab- Aoj^shirg, ibe Biihops of thai Cborcb io the Tenth
bey, 51^ Century, 56,&c
Abb^tKfgulsr, by whom
fuundfd and focaird,5l.
Abbots i their Office and Fundions, 4 t. B.
AbfihtioUt that of publick fins refet^'d to the Bi*
(hop, 14. OApti/m, tbcAdmtniftration of that Sacrament,!^
Adilbert xhc Son of Berenger, expell'd It^jf by bis ^ Fcnnance impos'd on Adult Pcrions admitted to
Father, 10. His Intrigaes with Pope Jehrn XII. agaioft lecetveit, 17.
Otho Recovery of Italy, ibid.
for the He is inntcd to Belh ; the firft Example of the Benedi<5lion of Bells,
Heme by the Pope,from whence they are driveo out by 14& 65.
Benefices, the Merchaadiie that was made of them
Adam; M(fes 8<r-G«^Ws Opinion concerning bis in the Tenth Ccaniry, 5 1 &
63. Plurality of Beoefi-
Immorwlity. j, CCS condemned, 8 & <iSL
AdeUidMyi\x Widow of Lttbsriiit King of ItMljr, per- Birenger the laccels of bis Anns in bafy,
, He ^
fecuted by Beren^er, wKo cnvcn to marry her. lo. She caufes bimfclf to be crown'd Emperor, ibid. His Cor
makes application to the Emperor Otho L who refcncs rcnation condcmn'd in » Council, 12. He is kijl'd al!
faer,and takes her 10 Wife, ibid. yerona,^
A^ius Archbifltop of N<ri »»f,confirm'd ?n bis Arcb- Berenger, the Son of Adalbert, Marqoeft of IvreM ;
biflioprick,and Ctrard, who had the poncHioo of it, his power fnfpedled by K. Hugh who determines to

turn'd out, lL difpatch him, ^ He makes an Efcape to Germmi/^

Alheric. his Authority at Heme, after having expell'd ibid. He returns to hafy, ibid, having re-effablifli'd
Hugh his Fatber-in ljw,8. Odavtan his Son ad vancd bis Authority, becaules bimfclf to be crown'd Ki^,

totne Papal Dignity at the Ape of lS years, L£2. 10. His vain Etforit to ourry Qiieen AdM^dt^ Lie
Alms, the firlt founding of Ainu-money, or S.P«e«r s thariuss Widow, ibid. He is compell'd to fnbmit to
Pence in Engtmi, 63. the Emperor Otho L ibid.

Anathenid, publilhed to continue for ercr,3l,g9. Founder of the Order of Ciuny, 49.
AntbrofomiTpb$tes, ihcir Errors confuted by B^hf ereded by tbe See of Bom* in dfi
vius, 67. Certain Itdltan Clergy-men fallen into Tenth Century, t^i Lis 49 & Plurality of Bifliop-
(hat Error, ibtd. ricks conferr'd on the fame pcrfoo 8, 48^& 6fi. ,

Apptdh : of ihofe to the See of Rone, 4t. Bt/htps, their Elctftion and Ordination, 17 6^ &
Argrin Bifliop o( Ldnffrej, reltored 10 his fiiflnprick, Some Bilhops chofea very young in tbe Tenth Century,
1 1 , ^6 & dS. Of the Epiicopal Fundions and Aatho^
/Irmeniani ; the Miflkm of Hieo into Armtni*, 4. rity, Zf,2z 8c 13. Bilhops not allow'd to confecrate
Atrati Cleigy-roen allow'd to bear tbeis, £8. ^Churches beyond their own Dioccli wuJwui permiflt-

n -d by Google
Ad index of the 'Princi^ Matters, Sec.
OQ, 49. nor to orcUin foreign Clergy- meo, witboot Peoaldes to be infiided on thofe who fpeod tone
recomtacodatory Leuert from ibcir fiifbopt, ibid, nor Hunting or playing at Games of Hazard, 6a. obliged
10 choofc Coadjutors,
to Cburcbci,
Mooki ni«de
^& dS. Of ibetr Right to lead a fingie Life, 2^
Subjcifb co tbeir Ju- nently 162, & 6^ Forbidden
6x. aod to live conti-
to kecpfofpeded Women
rifdiCltaD)6z. aod ibe Moiufteriet co their Vilitttiom, in their Hoallcs,)^ & 6^ Coaftiiuiioos agaiofl Cler-
Hid. Of the Aliegiaoce tJiqr owe 10 Kiog*.
gy-men who commit Robberies or Fornicationj63.0r-
2 i.4o.
8c 4J. Wbeiber ibcy miy be tllowed to gire Holta- dinancies agaioit thofe who do tbem any .'injury, jz.
fCkfortbeit FideJxj, Depofcd for High Treafoot
iA &4i. Of Jadidaiy ptooecdiogi againll fiiOiopt,! Clirk/, why contemned io Ita^ according to H^ube-
I7,4q>,& 4i. C5f the rtmoring of lijcir Caufcs to the rittt, u. Secular Clerks fnbftitnted in tbe room of
Seeof J|fMK, 41. PeoAlties to be ia^£ted oa tbofe Munki, zi. What ihcy ought to know.g 6. Clerks ob*
who art addided to Hunting, or to pteyiog at Gatnc; ig'd to embrace tbe Mooaftical Life vaEagLoUt ^4.

of CiMnce, £^ Wbetber they ought to fay Psx vabu, Conflituiioos againft thole who abnfe them, ana
or DtmiHui vebtfcum, ^ fiifhopt obJig'd to preferve relating to iheir Ordinations, 48^
i A Penalty tobc ia-
the Revennes of tbeir Charcbes,i^fW. Of the {nllaging didled on Cleric wbo live licentioofly, 47.
of their Eftatcior Goods after rbeir Deccafc or Expal- Cetdjuteritt, cot>demo'd in feveral C^ncib, 4^.
ion,i7.36,& 6^ How ibc Empct^t Nieephorus feiz'd U, Commumon ; an Obligation to participate of k
on their Revenues after tbeir death, a 8t 3. The Mif* four times a year, dK.
daneaaoor of two Gruk Biflwpt tolerated in a Cops- Cmftjfton; Criminab allow'd to make Confeilioo
cii, i. of Capital Crimes to a Prieft, 6 a,
Bmiifsttf the Su^ccdbr of F<>rmefuj,xaxu'd oot of the Confvnution. Clergy-meo forbiddco to ezadl aay
See of H«mt, ^ thing for tbe Adminiitratiooof it, 48.
BtmfMt, Anti-Pope, the outrsgioos AdbtxxntDitted Cofi^r<>;4rtMi, the original of tbem, 45 &
by hitn in alpiriog to the Papal Dignity, and Cooful of R^me, r^. his Tyranny over
in main- Crti'centiiu

Kaioiog his Authority, 4. 1

tbe Popes, 1 i. His revolt agaioft the £mpcror,i^i</.Hc
Bmtm/ i a Conftiiniioa about the barjtsg of the is kill'd by Treachery, ibid.
dead, 24,ae48. ... D.
C (T\Ee«mviri, wbo they were, 14. An ezennplary pti-
^ jtnam^Mtim »f SMtmtj i the original aod progreG of
of it, 65 fi^u.
niOitnem of their Revolt agaioft the £mperor O-
tbe, ibid.

Ctmmt of the Couodis of the Teath Ceotory, (i DtMcomJfeti Atto'i opioioa coocerning thetn, zft.
fequ, 49, 6i. ^e. Of the oetziTity of obfenriog theai, Didm fii<bop of jU(M» reprov'd by Ftiletu Arcbbi-
a4j2j7Tbe Italiutt of all the People in Chriftendoaa fhop of I(Joeimj, upon account of bis proceedings wi<b
faccording to E^kyrw) have the Icaft regard to the refpet^ to a ceruio CrimLQ»l. 34-
Ca nons , xu. DignitiuEctiefiMfiietUy wbo are anwonby of HAm^
Csmem Regalarof particular Cborcbes ; Rtilei for according to S^4theriuj, li,
(beir Fondlions, 47. DifnfUnei Certain Rcgalations of Ecclefiafiical Dip
Ctmmfisift I(tpd»y iofUtatedio (erml Chapters of cip{ine,r4. By whom rc-etablilb'd in EngUnd, 6^
DuttfiM Arcbbifhop 9i Canterbury, refufes to taka

Chsrits tbt SimfUy Kiog of Fr«M% Ui oppo- off an Excommunication which be bad denounced, al-,
fitioo to £«i»i Count of Fiira, crown'd Kiog io & ^
tho' be receiv'd expreis orders from tbe Pope to do it
The Argameats of Fulctu Arcbbifhop of I{htimt about 63. He cannot be prevail'd with, to that purpofe,bat
the Coronation of Cb«rltt tbt 5imfit,-ii. His Remoa- upon the reqoeil of the fiifhops of a Council, ibuL
ftranceto that Prince concerning bit Alliance with the E- .

JJorvuHS, ibid. King CbAtlts itnprifoned by Herbert T^CcUfiddictl Perfemi, fee Clergy-tnen.
Count of Vermsmdeisy ^
He is detaio'd Priliooer till Eceltfufitcdl DffctfUiu, fee Difcipline.
Bdj^ar King of England, reprov'd by S. DMnfimi,6^,

liii death, ibid. 36.

CluBrUi Doke of L«rr4M,tbe laft of the CsrliMt Race, Tbe Penance which he impofcd on himi ibtd.
why exdnded from the Crown, and Hugh C*ptt pre- BMimti The Aotiioriiy of Prtooes ia iheJElctftioa
ferred before him,}o. His vain AuempuagainfliAijA, of Bifhops, 17 & 68.
Und. (3 40. His imprifonment and death, ^9. EJeami of tbt Emfire i Tbe time of their Iafiiiati(%
C hefts ccntainiflg the Records of a MoaafteryiNttoi 15.70- f^ff^tt. .

Erohibiod to receive any into tbeir Co&ody, without a Empertr ; The Eledlion of tbe Emperors reAratned

Joeoce from the Biibop, 4.7. to a certain ntunbcr of German Princes, 13 & 70.
Chrifimi Nuhiog to be exaded for the dillribuiioa EucbtriRi Several Pcrfaoa in tbe TentbCeniury de-
of it, 48. ny that the Eachariffical Bread and Wine arc tearil*
Chttreb CiubtUck., Rules for its conduct, 4^ cfaaogcd into the Body aod Blood of Jcfus Chrift, 66.
Cbwrthfx Temple ; The fiiibops in £<i(|(iWiiJ obliged Pretended Miracles 10 ooofiiiD tbe cootrary Opioioo,
to. repair their Churches, aod the Kiog to (land to the ibid. & 62. Tbe Anthori wbo maintain it,67. Other
Reparadoo of the rcit, 6^ Of the Right of the Bidiops Writen who treat of the Eocharilt after the fame man-
to Cborcbes, si^ Laymen forbidden to proTidePriefts ner as gatr«mmit, iUd, Divert QpciUons relating to
for Cbarchn, or to turn tbem oat, without the coofent this Sacrament, li, 24. An Abafe of it reform'd in
of tbe Bifbops, 39. th e Church of B^nna, 48.
Cl0rgrt»**i Of tbeir irregolar pratflices in the Tenth ExcorrmtUHitatims i a ConQiiMtion about fach as are
Cesmuy, i6,8c 65. Of their runcilioos, 26. 17. Sc deoounc'd by Ecclefiaftical Judges, 42j A fcrpetual
Of the Perfecutions ibat were raifcd agaioft them,. Kxcommunicatiooj 31 6^. &
g?. Of iba aojoft Ftocefles krr'd ufoo cbeiD» ii*d

An INDEX of the Trincipal Matters, SCC.
F. Cotmcils and Excotnmnoioated, ^ £^ feqit. Tke 8f-
F)fti, •ConftitTrtiofi abomtbtt ob $.AI<r^'sdiy,^9 (hopswho ordaiird bim ubHged to make latttfadion,j^'
ForMtdcn to be hnpoAl witbout the BHhopi coo- Peniltief inftidedon tbofe who bad ordaia'd hm ihid.
fciit,6i. A Rdixation of Ftftiny,6 1L Ot tbeOHigt- Hti/rhCoatH of Arltf, becomes Mafter of I{»me bf
Of tbofc prcfcrib'd by ^ftheniM tii- mtrrymg Msr*fia, 2i He is expelJ d tbence by Alht-
tfon of F«fti,64.
fhop of Verma, How
ibejr were obfenr'd in his riots, &. His emerprrre* to get podeSka of tbat City a-
time, - ' gain, ibid. The Kingdotti of Italy is (eft bim by Hd-
Fcmufus Pope, tbe fentiments of feveral perlbasfor dulfhus, ibid. He itctmftraioed by Berengtr to abaa*
and againft hina ^ 6^1^ Hh Memory and Or* don it, He retires to Pmatetjand die* tbere,A</.
dinatiors ccmdctnn'd in a Comcil. 6» Rfi-eftabliAi'd L
fa atiotbcf ConnciJ, ibtd. 'T He Imi^« of Jcfas Cbrift, wbea broogbt ftoui ff-
Firfnrir ArchWhop of l^beims; QuaJitiet attribmed dtffa R> Cvaftantintpl*, 4. ' /
to him by Pr>pc Stephtn V. 3 1, For wbtr retfon cited tmchatmert, Wbetker tfaey oogbt CO be admincd t«>'

ta /^OT»f by Perm^ui atxJ Stefhn VI. 8c Tbe PennatKe, 19.

Excufeslie ihadeto dediiw that Jonraey, ibid, Hii Imdttlgencti granted by tbe Popes, 6fi. * )t

RctnonflrtftCf to King Charfes the Simffe, about his InjiruBioy^t Sywdal ; tbeir original, ibid,

Leagae witbrbt 'Normam, 30^ Aoctbcr RrmonftntMC tnterdidiont, a Regulation of tbcm in favour of tbe
made by that Arcbbifhop to Haneratut Biftop of B*mm- Parochial Cfaurcbes,47. j .• .-•

tait, His Death, gs.

2^ Irtvtftiturtt, tbe Rigbt of tkeai granted to tlleCikt^

France, The Divifion of it mto tfafee Kiogdotw, jo. perors, z & 43^ •

Tbe ProRtrrtort of Htigh Cafet crown'd Kiitgs of fM(r, that KingdonconteAed among diven PiSn-,
France, tbid. & 36. ces, 2il C fi^"-
Friday, feme would bare Feafttng or tbat day,
Fr at arms Arcbbifltop of BnrdtaHx, cbofm Arcb-
^ Judiciary Prcceedatgj againft tbe Bifllops and Ctergy
irregularly carried on, ij. ' . «; ^ ' •

biftiop of B9HrgM,3i. OW^ed to leave tbe latterMe- K. •

tropolitao See, and to return tothtt oiBawdtattx^bid. I, MredHort about tfceir Dvty, 6^ VW-
G. iber they may require Hodagcs for ibc Fideftty
G/tma tf Hazard ar Ctumce j a Teniftf be hf6- m offiifliops,
Clergy- mcB^fao are addid)cd to tfaein.6i
<5)xd ofi I, .
• ••

Gerard Arcbbifhop of Sens , rcccirei a CommiiTioti r jimbrrt, crown'd Emperor by Pope Fetnt^ui, £ gt
witb John Arcbbtfbop of from tbe See of I{gme ^ all His Title acknowledgd by John IX. 6. His

to rrgtrtatetfae reftatiration of a Monaftery,
Gerard ki ^ MMny
p tS ttnb; tbe Times
^m Coronation confirmed in a ConnciiTiT^
wbtc^' cal end, 7.
His Tragh

the Pof>e allow'd him to wear the Pan, 1^. Divers Langresi Two Biihopi ordaiii'd ivrtbat Cfaurch,)!
Qoeftions prtipos'd by him to tbe Pbpe, and tbe Ao' Lams JtOunamn i wbence be obtain'd tbat finiaaie,
fwcri to tbfm,»^<i Made tbe Pope^ Vicar iti Gpr* JO Sc 32iTbe Motires tbat indac'd the Eilates
matiy, ihri. him King, The time of his death, jo.
Qiifiair BiSnp of htrr^ir]^, a Sentence pafsVJ againft Lewi tbe ism of fi«^,Coam of Arltst atibnet ibe
Wtn, irpon account of his inftalment in tbe ATcbwibo|>- Title of King of Ariel or Provenct, 30, He Abdicafe*
ri* tjf Magdeburg, 49. the Kingdom of hah, He is recalM thitber aod
Go^f^aHytrj, the obligaTion they lye nnder to tbeir bcfray'd, ikid. A i ; 1

God-cWdfrn, 26. Lorcb ; Tbe Right of precedency grt*»n^ tfe the

Gflfft; irregnlar proceedings, that ^ttit in aft, to Ohtircb of terctbefore that t)i Mt:{burg, rg. Tbe
judge of tbe Guiltinefs orlmtocency of an accnfed per- JurifdiAion of it regulated, ibid. •

foo, 02. Lmts Prayer ; Vbctber kougfat to be

Gm; Doke vlfSpleto crown'd Emperor by Pope for- Bc ii tdit^i on of the TAte, ig, i . j ij

DMritf, 68t jx. iTie time of bh death, 6, •

M. ' '1' '•» i

H '

]l«^4Aramrs s icker
tfaey ougbr 10 kki' l
i tittd
Arctbffhop x)fSah:^trrg, for wbatrcafbo to Pensance, T9. ..,^:i!-ri 7
FTAnlld tif-
*• pofed and excommunicated, 14. Magdeburg ; rbe eretftioo of tbe Cbarcb of T^li^de-
Hwm Count of Ferrtiand«ts, bisTreacljery to i^Sc^ Tbe'irft-ArciH
King burg into an Arcbbilhoprick,
Cbi^Ui tbt Jo. He makes himfedf Mafler of bilbopofthat Dioceft, j8. - •
Simtfie, . nio i^'

tbe Arcbbifhopridc oTf^Wnrr, by cttjfifig his Son to hfanajfet Archbifhopof Aritt ; Tbe MorifM that
be cbcKen Arcbbilbop, jS. After what mantier be di- ioduc'd him to leave tbat Mcrropoliuo See,8. TbeBi-*
IpOf^sOf tbe Goremmcm c^faat MctropaliranSe«,»W. Siepricks wfaidi lie obtata'd ia Italy againii aH«ianaer
Brcotnmnnicited for pillagirrg tbe RcTmoes of iSe of Rules i^i He declares for Berengeryjho piromirei
Chorcb di f^-runs, 37. bim the Arcbbiiboprick of Miian,^. He adi^ally ^eis
J/rr^HaW Biftop of TVrwjwe drirtn OQtttf bfl Vkt poflefTionof h, and tarns dat tVaHtrt, id. Heez- '

t'he Ksrmm, 31. nomi na ted to tbe Bhbopritjc

cefsliy pek I{atherius out of tbe Bifhoprick of Verma, t>..
of Ch^hns, 34. Markfti forbidden to be kept on Sunday»,6^. -'*
Hildbin, iotroded on tbe Epifcopal See of Ut}re,i%. Mtnrriage ; WiAwfaom fbrbidden to be cont ract ed,
Tbe caufcs that rendrr'd him nncapAle, ibid. At laft 1, 15, of, 48. (5i, 64 8t 68. Tbe Tiines in which
Itiro'd out of tbat Bifhoprick, i^V. t(atberiits prohibits to marry, and the Pemttirt be im*
Arcbbifhoprfi^/Tirwj, cbofen at the Age of pcrfes oa tbofe per^s, wtM> Ht mt» obferte tMm. Ig.
'ivtycift, 3^ ArtolAui fubftiftitcd in hit room, ibid. A puni(hmeot to be infli(fh?rf oa married Pniifti, ty.
&37, Rcftoredto the polfrflion of his Arcbbiftwprick, At what times I^athrriui forbids Matrimooy to belo^

1^ Hit Ordinatioo,!^ He is depos'd io fereral lemnized, 14*63. Diftarbaotcs in ngbmt aboai E

An INDEX of tAltTrincipal Mitters,S)Ci.
iiitrmge, Third and ittanb Marritgcs proinbi-
ted in tbc Ealtem Cburcfaes, z & 6iL P^,the Popes cojoyn tbe Arcbbidiopi to go to t^fme
Tbe Church
I(fm does nor tncinuiethe nallky of tben, Sccckid *- to reoci«e it,67. The BtQtops to whom the Popf 1
and Marriages
ibird oboozioos to PeAtuaos in rbs granted the PjII in the Tenth Ceniury, oo. ^1,^7,
Qretk Char<b, ibid. & 6^ Ativicp 10 tbe Pope about tbccoofie^fknof ^
S. Martin at Tmrs; Women v^forbidden to cnur it, jzat 67. . ' . .

that Monaftety tinder ptin of Excommunicauoo, Par4di{e ; tbe MyfHct] fignificatioM of tbe Terre-
M4r.'in B:fbr)p of Ferrara^tccm'd o£ baviog ord&in'd Aiial Paradtfe, L
GMfdrta for moticj, rj. • ^- • , » > ta04m i made to tbe Pope, to pre-
'Mtrtx's The Emperor fikefhm^t endcamrart to vent the diriding of tbe Bilhoptick t^f Psjfaw, 16. The
get a Decree made in a Council that alt tbe Soldiers,
, Mi(iind£r(taoding between the Mgrtnimu atid B0M-
wbo «rer« kill°diiltbeWar,(bonld be reputed Martyrs»3 ruHs obont that Afiak, ikiiL
Mtfn ofth* Celebration of it^ Clefgf-men, Patharck Tbe osiffine of tbe FatrUrchs of Akxf ;

wbo itand convi<5lcd of ao^ Crime, forbidden to lay tmdn^t according to Butychiiu, 4.
it, iM, Mais ceiebrtted wMiout tbe Commtmion, Patrons, A Copftitutiao for the Patrons of Chutdr
I r. At what hour it was afnalfjr faid on Hofy Stiw- ei. 1?.

PtBMMMct, Publick Pennaoce in u6:, 36, 17 8e

hlerihfr^, when that Cbtiecb Was rais'd lo a Bi(bop- but very much eoerTated,6& Tbe Rigoarof k OMglii
rfck, ^afterwards deftroy'd and reftor'd to ifcat dig- to be Initigaied in favoar cf New Convero, 1 5^ A
afty, ilriJ. Probibaioa m
cxa(^ any thing for tbe Admuiftratioa
Morufteries, Rules for ibofe of Nans, 47. and fo* of it, 43.
the other Monafterie?, ihiJ. &^
SevcraTMobafte- PeatecoH, A, Eak tb^i. tbc Ceiebrattoo of due
fies govem'd by tbe fame Abbot, ^&^ Feltiv^l. 3^
MondJiicAl Order ^ tbe ftaie of Tenth Cen- Perjured Perfowt; Conftications agtinfi tbein, aod
it in tbe
The originaJ of (be MooafiicaJ Congrega- puoilkaeau inHiOird on tbcno, ^6 & 6^
W. » •
Phutntia, Tbe Church of Flacettia ettdbtd into an

inftin«ed by Birtibj^, «wW kt CatHedfal Arcfabi^koprick, and afterward- reftor'd to tbat of

fliHrCbarcfaes by BtffiOps, ^
Churches, 65 & 6^ Irregular Monks mznid oot of VeiMM, lA.
'ftals'd ro tbt £pikopal P(eim f K.ules for tbe keeflag of C(Nl^^Days, and
jyipmy, ihid. iftftrAtftions co<»eei*ing th«r Doiy 64. about certain Judiciar)- prQceediogs, 6%
Subjetfk to the jurifdi^^ioo of feeir BtaK>pSt djj- F«r- pQpet ; Of ibcir Elcdion, 1 2 & The right of
bsdded to go 00c «f tbier MoiM^emt wi«bo«c MlTe. cboofing them granted to the Emperor Otho L 13. Of