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# Name: ____________________________ Date: _____________

## HONORS Physics Worksheet

SOURCE: Mr. Peachey Period: ______
Pittsford Mendon High School Chapter 4 Practice

Let [your scholar] know nothing because you have told him, but because
he has learned it for himself.
Let him not be taught science, let him discover it.
If ever you substitute authority for reason, he will cease to reason; he
will be a mere plaything of other people's thoughts.
- Jean-Jacques Rousseau

In preparation for our upcoming test, please solve each of the following problems. Be sure to draw a free-body
diagram, and then apply Newton’s 2nd law to the situation. In some problems, it will be necessary to resolve one or
more forces into orthogonal components. For a horizontal surface, these components will be horizontal and vertical.
For an incline, they will be parallel and perpendicular to the surface. Then set the equation up for your unknown
value, and substitute the known values into it to solve for the unknown.

1. A 9.0-kg steel box rests on a horizontal steel surface. A 60.0-N horizontal force is then applied to the box.
Determine:
a. the magnitude of the force of friction
b. whether it is static or kinetic
c. the acceleration of the box
d. Repeat the above problem for a 70.0-N force
e. Repeat the above problem for a 90.0-N force

2. A wooden block is dragged across a horizontal wooden surface by a horizontal applied force of 12.0 N. The
block accelerates at 0.800 m/s2. After a time, the block is released and it glides uniformly to a halt.
a. What is the mass of the block?
b. If it is released while travelling at 4.00 m/s, how far does the block glide before it stops?

3. A copper box is placed on a steel ramp. The ramp makes an angle of 30.0° with the horizontal. The box’s mass
is 5.00 kg. Find the acceleration of the box.

4. A block is pulled along a horizontal surface by a force of 12.0 N. The block has a mass of 4.00 kg and it
accelerates at 2.00 m/s2. Find the coefficient of kinetic friction for the interface between the block and the
surface.

5. A stone falls vertically through the air and experiences a drag force. If the stone’s mass is 6.00 kg, and the drag
force is 14.0 N, what is the acceleration of the stone?

6. A 15.0-kg box has a rubber bottom. It is sliding on a horizontal sheet of ice with a 30.0-N horizontal force
applied to it. Determine:
a. The force of friction on the box
b. The acceleration of the box
c. Later, the horizontal force is reduced to 20.0-N. Determine the acceleration of the box for
this condition.

7. A wooden block is dragged across a horizontal wooden surface by an applied force of 12.0 N at an angle of 35°
above the horizontal. The block accelerates at 1.00 m/s2. What is the mass of the block?

8. A box is released from rest on a frictionless ramp. The ramp makes an angle of 20.0° with the horizontal.
a. Find the acceleration of the box.
b. How far down the ramp will the box travel in 4.50 seconds?
c. At what distance down the ramp will the box have a speed of 5.00 m/s?

9. A block is pulled along a horizontal surface by a force of 12.0 N. The block has a mass of 6.00 kg and it
accelerates at 1.00 m/s2. Find the coefficient of kinetic friction for the interface between the block and the
surface.

10. A stone falls vertically through the air and experiences a drag force. If the stone’s acceleration is 3.10 m/s2,
and the drag force is 25.6 N, what is the mass of the stone?

11. A 10.0-kg box has a rubber bottom. The box is at rest on a horizontal asphalt surface. The surface is dry. A
75.0-N horizontal force is then applied to the box. Determine:
a. whether the force is sufficient to move the box
b. the magnitude of the force of friction
c. the acceleration of the box
d. Later, the horizontal force is increased to 90.0 N. Determine the acceleration of the box for this
condition.

12. A copper block is dragged across a horizontal steel surface by a horizontal applied force of 32.0 N. The block
accelerates at 2.00 m/s2. What is the mass of the block?

13. A block is placed on a frictionless ramp. The ramp makes an angle θ with the horizontal. The box has mass M.
Develop an expression for the acceleration of the block in terms of the given quantities and physical constants.

14. A block is placed on a ramp with coefficient of kinetic friction µk. The ramp makes an angle θ with the
horizontal. The box has mass M. Develop an expression for both the frictional force on the block and the
acceleration of the block in terms of the given quantities and physical constants.

15. A block is pulled along a horizontal surface by a force of 32.0 N. The block has a mass of 6.00 kg and it
accelerates at 2.00 m/s2. Find the coefficient of kinetic friction for the interface between the block and the
surface.

16. A stone falls vertically through the air and experiences a drag force. If the stone’s mass is 8.00 kg, and the drag
force is 24.0 N, what is the acceleration of the stone?

ANSWERS (there may be errors here; please let me know if you discover any):
1. c. 3.73 m
a. 60.0 N 9. 0.10
b. Static 10. 3.82 kg
c. 0 m/s2 11.
d. 50.3 N, kinetic, 2.2 m/s2 a. No
e. 50.3 N, kinetic, 4.4 m/s2 b. 75.0 N
2. c. 0 m/s2
a. 3.2 kg d. 2.4 m/s2
b. 2.7 m (a = -2.943 m/s2) 12. 5.8 kg
3. 1.8 m/s2 13. gsinθ
4. 0.10 14. g(sinθ – μkcosθ)
5. 7.48 m/s2 15. 0.340
6. 16. 6.81 m/s2
a. 22 N
b. 0.53 m/s2
c. -0.14 m/s2
7. 3.0 kg (this one is tough)
8.
a. 3.36 m/s2
b. 34.0 m