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Week #5

Monday
1. Warm up
2. Good News
3. Heat Transfer Notes
4. Heat Transfer Article
5. Launch
Heat Transfer:
Conduction
Convection
Radiation
I. Thermal Energy
A. HEAT (thermal energy) is produced from the motion of
molecules.

B. The amount of heat depends on how fast the molecules


move.

C. As molecules move FASTER, more heat is produced.


D. Temperature measures how fast (kinetic energy) the
molecules are moving.
Question
Why is Frosty melting
E. Heat always transfers from a
warmer to a cooler object.
II. Heat Transfer Methods:
1. Conductio
n
2. Convection
3. Radiation
During this video jot down any
important info you hear about
the 3 types of heat transfer.

http://www.teachertube.com/video/heat-transfer-164366
Conduction & Radiation
http://www.science4us.com/elementary-physical-science/energy/heat-energy/?
unit=energy&demo=inthelab

Cooking with Heat Transfer


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QZavDQiiTyI
When you heat a metal strip at one
end, the heat travels to the other end.

As the metal is heated, the particles vibrate.


These vibrations pass thermal energy along the
metal causing it to heat up. This is called
A. Conduction
1. Heat transfers from one object to another
object through DIRECT CONTACT.
2. Occurs in SOLIDS.
EXAMPLE: Cooking on the stove

Conduction =
Examples of Conduction:
B. CONVECTION
1. Heat transfer in FLUIDS (liquids or gases)
2. Heat is transferred through CURRENTS .
3. Warm fluids RISE bc they’re less dense
4. Cooler fluids SINK bc they’re more dense.
Convection
Current

Convection = VENTS
Convection Current
Cool fluids sink
Sink=more
dense

Rise= less
dense
Warm fluids rise
Convection current in boiling water
Water cools at
the surface

Hot water Cooler


rises water
sinks
Examples of Convection:
1. boiling 2. lava lamp 3. hot air
water balloon

4. heated
air
Convection currents in nature

Convection currents in the Convection currents cause the


atmosphere cooler breezes you experience by a
are responsible for our weather. large body of water.
Convection currents also cause the
movement of magma within the
earth.
The third method of heat
How does heattransfer
energy get from the Sun
to the Earth?

RADIATION
C. Radiation
1. Heat transferred through space by
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
2. Can occur in all states of matter , but
radiation does NOT require matter to
transfer thermal energy

3. Example: Solar radiation from the Sun

Radiation = RAYS
Examples of Radiation:
1. Heat from 2. Cooking in a
Sun microwave

3. Infrared heat 4. Heat from


lamp fire
Solar Radiation

How much of the sun’s radiation do we actually


REVIEW
CONDUCTION CONVECTION RADIATION
• requires direct • currents in fluids •rays or waves
contact •major source: heat
• occurs in solids from the sun
• does not require
•warm fluids matter
RISE less dense
•cooler fluids
SINK more dense
•Found in nature

Animated Review:
https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/natural-science/earth-science/sce3
EXAMPLES OF ALL 3 TYPES OF HEAT TRANSFER:
Tuesday
1. Warm up
2. Good News
3. Global & Local Winds Diagram
4. Winds Webquest
5. Launch
Thursday
After you are done with your journey…

… open up a Google Slides or a Google


Doc… write a descriptive story about your
journey as a water molecule. 8 Slides if you
do slides… with pictures
Launch
Friday
1. Good News
2. Precipitation Article on Canvas
3. Weather vs. Climate article on Canvas
4. Finish Journey Story
5. Finish Webquest
6. Launch