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# Week #5

Monday
1. Warm up
2. Good News
3. Heat Transfer Notes
4. Heat Transfer Article
5. Launch
Heat Transfer:
Conduction
Convection
I. Thermal Energy
A. HEAT (thermal energy) is produced from the motion of
molecules.

move.

## C. As molecules move FASTER, more heat is produced.

D. Temperature measures how fast (kinetic energy) the
molecules are moving.
Question
Why is Frosty melting
E. Heat always transfers from a
warmer to a cooler object.
II. Heat Transfer Methods:
1. Conductio
n
2. Convection
During this video jot down any
the 3 types of heat transfer.

http://www.teachertube.com/video/heat-transfer-164366
http://www.science4us.com/elementary-physical-science/energy/heat-energy/?
unit=energy&demo=inthelab

## Cooking with Heat Transfer

When you heat a metal strip at one
end, the heat travels to the other end.

## As the metal is heated, the particles vibrate.

These vibrations pass thermal energy along the
metal causing it to heat up. This is called
A. Conduction
1. Heat transfers from one object to another
object through DIRECT CONTACT.
2. Occurs in SOLIDS.
EXAMPLE: Cooking on the stove

Conduction =
Examples of Conduction:
B. CONVECTION
1. Heat transfer in FLUIDS (liquids or gases)
2. Heat is transferred through CURRENTS .
3. Warm fluids RISE bc they’re less dense
4. Cooler fluids SINK bc they’re more dense.
Convection
Current

Convection = VENTS
Convection Current
Cool fluids sink
Sink=more
dense

Rise= less
dense
Warm fluids rise
Convection current in boiling water
Water cools at
the surface

## Hot water Cooler

rises water
sinks
Examples of Convection:
1. boiling 2. lava lamp 3. hot air
water balloon

4. heated
air
Convection currents in nature

## Convection currents in the Convection currents cause the

atmosphere cooler breezes you experience by a
are responsible for our weather. large body of water.
Convection currents also cause the
movement of magma within the
earth.
The third method of heat
How does heattransfer
energy get from the Sun
to the Earth?

1. Heat transferred through space by
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES
2. Can occur in all states of matter , but
radiation does NOT require matter to
transfer thermal energy

## 3. Example: Solar radiation from the Sun

1. Heat from 2. Cooking in a
Sun microwave

lamp fire

## How much of the sun’s radiation do we actually

REVIEW
• requires direct • currents in fluids •rays or waves
contact •major source: heat
• occurs in solids from the sun
• does not require
•warm fluids matter
RISE less dense
•cooler fluids
SINK more dense
•Found in nature

Animated Review:
https://www.wisc-online.com/learn/natural-science/earth-science/sce3
EXAMPLES OF ALL 3 TYPES OF HEAT TRANSFER:
Tuesday
1. Warm up
2. Good News
3. Global & Local Winds Diagram
4. Winds Webquest
5. Launch
Thursday
After you are done with your journey…