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Table 1

Characteristics Gold Iron Nickel Chromite Copper

Luster Metallic Metallic to


without Metallic Metallic Submetallic Metallic
tarnish

Cleavage Imperfect
None /Fair None None None

Light Olive- Iron- Silvery- Dark Gray Copper


Color brown to black white to Black Red
Dark Yellow

Magnetism Diamagnetic Magnetic Magnetic Weakly Weakly


magnetic magnetic

Hardness
2.5 to 3 4 to 4.5 4 5.5 2.5 to 3
(Mohs Scale)

Fracture Hackly Hackly Hackly Uneven Hackly

Crystal Habit Massive / Massive/ Massive/ Massive/ Nodular


Disseminated Granular Granular Granular

Streak Golden- Gray Metallic- Dark Copper


Yellow gray Brown Red
Table 2

Common Rock- Example in Igneous Example in Metamorphic Example in Sedimentary


forming Mineral Rocks Rocks Rocks
Group

 Rhyolite

 Gneiss  Quartzite  Flint

Quartz  Slate  Chert

 Granite  Granulite

Feldspar  Gabbro  Shale  Mudstone

 Sandstone

 Pegmatite  Mariposite

Mica  Andesite  Phyllite  Chalk

 Gritstone

 Pumice  Amphibolite

Amphibole  Diorite  Soapstone  Dolomite

 Taconite

 Tuff  Eclogite

Pyroxene  Pyroxenite  Skarn  Greywacke

 Laterite

Olivine  Peridotite  Hornfels  Turbidite

 Dunite  Mylonite  Diatomite