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‧ Sectional Properties ‧ Allowable Joist Span Table

‧ Limiting Height Tables ‧ Header Load Table


‧ Combined Axial and ‧ Web Crippling Load Table
Lateral Load Tables ‧ Details

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calculated by Devco Engineering, Corvallis, OR in accordance
Stud and Joist
Steel Structural Products with NASPEC. The strength increase from cold work of forming
Studs are a general purpose framing component used in a
Steel Structural Products, a division of Mill Steel Company, is a has been incorporated for flexural strength per NASPEC A7.2. The
number of applications including exterior curtain walls, load
world-class manufacturer of light gauge steel framing compo- Yield Point (33 or 50 ksi) used to calculate the tabulated values
bearing walls, headers and floor and roof joists.
nents for the commercial and residential construction markets. are shown in each table. The Moment of Inertia for Deflection is
Since 2005, SSP (formerly Steel Structural Systems LLC) has calculated at a stress which results in an effective section modu-
dedicated itself to building strong solid relationships through lus so the stress multiplied by that section modulus is equal to the Track
excellent service, competitive pricing, high quality products and allowable moment. For the steels that have 33 and 50 ksi listings, Track is used as a closure to stud and joist ends as well as
reliable delivery. Its manufacturing operation allows for the flex- if the design is based upon 50 ksi material, the 50 ksi steel needs framing components to heads and sills. Note: 10’ is the
ibility to efficiently accommodate both large and small orders as to be specified by the purchaser. standard length. Custom lengths available upon request.
well as custom length components.
Product Designation Steel Grades
33-mil (20 gauge) and 43-mil (18 gauge)
General Information and As specified in the AISI standard for cold formed steel framing
33 Min Yield KSI
General provisions A5.2.
Product Speciications Depth (1) Type (2) Flange Width (3) Minimum Metal 54-mil (16 gauge)
This manual describes the stud and track components manu- Thickness (4) 33 Min Yield KSI
factured by SSP for curtain wall and load bearing construction.
The enclosed tables provide necessary information regarding 600 S 162 - 54 50 Min Yield KSI must be specified when ordering

the physical and structural properties of section members in 1. The first set of numbers represents the depth of the member to 68-mil (14 gauge)
various load applications. The data contained in this publication is 2 decimal places without the use of a decimal point. i.e.: 600 = 50 Min Yield KSI
intended as a general guide only. It is not intended to replace the 6.00”, 362 = 3.62” web depth.
design, specifications and drawings of a professional architect or
2. The alpha character represents the type of member. There are Steel Thickness
engineer experienced with cold formed light gauge steel design. Product Design Minimum ASTM C955
2 different alpha characters used. S = Stud, T = Track.
SSP assumes no liability for failure resulting from the use or Gauge Mils (in.) (in.) Color Code
misapplication of the information contained herein. The types 3. The second set of numbers represents the members flange 20 33 0.0346 0.0329 White
of SSP products used for particular applications depends on width to 2 decimal places without the use of a decimal point. 18 43 0.0451 0.0428 Yellow
thickness, coating type, yield strength, section properties, and the i.e. 162 = 1.625” flange. 16 54 0.0566 0.0538 Green
specifications and standards established by ASTM International, 14 68 0.0713 0.0677 Orange
4. The last set of numbers is the minimum uncoated metal thick- 12 97 0.1017 0.0966 Red
the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI) and code authorities as
ness expressed in mils (0.001 in). These thicknesses corre-
detailed by the following. ASTM C 955 Standard Specification for
spond to reference gauges as follows: 33 (20GA),
Load Bearing (Transverse and Axial) Steel Studs, Runners (Tracks),
and Bracing and Bridging for Screw Application of Gypsum Panel
43 (18GA), 54 (16GA), 68 (14GA). The mils define the Track Selector
minimum allowable uncoated metal thickness and are 95% Leg Size 1 1/4” 1 1/2” 2” 2 1/2”
Products and Metal Plaster Bases ASTM C 1003 (ST33L, ST33H, of the design thickness. The 5% variance in metal thickness Gauge 20-14 20-14 20-14 20-14
ST50L, ST50H) Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Carbon, is permitted by section A2.4 of the NASPEC. Thickness (33-68mils) (33-68mils) (33-68mils) (33-68mils)
Metallic and Nonmetallic -Coated for Cold-Formed Framing Mem- Web Sizes 2 1/2”, 3 5/8”, 2 1/2”, 3 5/8, 2 1/2”, 3 5/8, 2 1/2”, 3 5/8,
bers ASTM A653/653A Standard Specification for Steel Sheet, Available* 4”, 6”, 8”, 10”, 12” 6”, 8”, 10”, 12” 4”, 6”, 8”, 10”, 12” 4”, 6”, 8”, 10”, 12”
Zinc- Coated (Galvanized) or Zinc-Iron Alloy-Coated (Galvannealed)
by the Hot-Dipped Process
Member Selector
Flange Size 1 3/8” 1 5/8” 2” 2 1/2” 3” 3 1/2”
Gauge 20-14 20-14 20-14 18-14 18-12 18-12
Thickness (33-68 mils) 33-97 mils) (33-97 mils) (43-97 mils) (43-97 mils) (43-97 mils)
Where ‘NASPEC’ is referenced in this publication, it is the “North
American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Struc- Web Sizes 3 5/8”, 4”, 2 1/2”, 3 3 5/8”, 6”, 3 5/8”, 6”, 3 5/8”, 6”, 3 5/8”, 6”,
Available* 6”, 8” 5/8”, 4”, 8”, 10”, 12” 8”, 10”, 12” 8”, 10”, 12” 8”, 10”, 12”
tural Members”, 2001 edition, including the 2004 Supplement,
6”, 8”, 10”,
US provisions. All SSP Physical Properties and Tables have been 12”
Note: *Punch size will vary on smaller web members
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Table of Contents Web Punch-Out Size and Location Symbols and Deinitions
SSP studs and joists are manufactured with punch-outs along the Gross Properties
GENERAL INFORMATION ........................................................ 2-3
centerline of the web to accommodate plumbing and A Gross cross sectional area of the section
SECTION PROPERTIES electrical installation. The punch-out is provided 12” from the Ix Moment of Inertia of the gross section about the X-X axis
Structural Stud Notes and Table .................................... 4-5 indexed end and the intermediate punch-outs are placed at 24” o.c. (strong axis)
Structural Track Notes and Table................................... 6-8 intervals. The 3⁄4” by 2” punch-out is available for 2 1⁄2” Rx Radius of gyration of the gross section about the X-X axis
Iyy Moment of Inertia of the gross section about the Y-Y axis
web members only. Unpunched studs are available upon request.
TYPICAL FRAMING DETAILS (weak axis)
Illustrations ................................................................. 9-10 Ry Radius of gyration of the gross section about the Y-Y axis
Punch-Out Dimensions Effective Properties
CURTAINWALL APPLICATIONS
1 1/2" Ixx Moment of Inertia for deflection calculations based on “Procedure 1
Limiting Wall Height Notes and Table ........................ 11-13 for Deflection Determination” of the NASPEC
BEARING APPLICATIONS Sxx Effective section modulus about the X-X axis (strong axis) Stress = Fy.
3/4"
Ma Allowable bending moment based on the effective section modulus
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Notes
and the allowable stress including the strength increase from cold-
and Tables ................................................................. 14-24 work of forming (AISI 7.2).
FLOOR APPLICATIONS 4" 2" Va Allowable Shear Load.
Floor Joist Span Notes and Tables ............................ 25-29 Torsional Properties
J St. Venant Torsional Constant.
HEADER APPLICATIONS Cw Torsional warping constant.
Header Load Notes and Table .................................... 30-31 Xo Distance from the shear center to the centroid along the principal X-axis.
Ro Polar radius of gyration about the centroidal principal axis.
WEB CRIPPLING
Beta 1- ( Xo/Ro)^2
Allowable Web Crippling Notes and Table .......................32 Framing Components
Web Crippling Conditions Illustration ..............................33

TYPICAL LOAD BEARING DETAILS Web Web


Engineering Terms
Return Lip
Illustrations .....................................................................34 Wind Load (lbs./sq.ft.) = Forces produced by wind, either direct wind
(positive pressure), a vacuum (negative pressure), or those generated
SUGGESTED CONNECTION INFORMATION by wind whipping around the corners of a building. These forces are
Punch-Out
Screw and Weld Allowable Table .....................................35 1 1/2" x 4" usually calculated according to the prevailing building code. Wind
forces are referred to as transverse load, are perpendicular to the wall
and cause it to deflect.
Flange Flange
Axial Load (lbs.) = A vertical force produced by overhead loads such as
4"
floors and roof. Floors and roofs contain both dead loads and live
1 1/2" loads, which combined make up most of the axial load.
Header = A beam or joist that spans 2 or more studs, accepts overhead
12" 24" 12" loads from floors and roofs and distributes the overhead load to the
Indexed End O.C. TYP. Min. studs or jambs.
Delection = The amount of movement of a system, usually greatest at the
mid point, caused by transverse loading.
Corrosion Protection Delection Limit = A design criteria which specifies the maximum
Products will have a minimum G60 coating weight as specified by allowable deflection for a system. i.e. (L/240, L/360, L/600)
ASTM C955.

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Section Properties

Section Properties Table Notes


1. Effective properties include the strength increase from cold-work of forming per NASPEC section A7.2 where applicable.
2. Tabulated gross properties are based on the full, unreduced section away from punchouts.
3. Effective properties of all ‘S’ sections based on punched sections. Track sections are considered unpunched.
4. For deflection determination, use the effective moment of inertia. Effective moment of inertia is based on Procedure 1 of the NASPEC.
5. For sections with properties listed for both 33 ksi and 50 ksi yield point, the required yield point should be specified in the design documents.

4
Section Properties

5
Section Properties

Section Properties Table Notes


1. Web depth for track sections equals nominal depth plus 2 x design thickness plus bend radius.
2. Effective properties include the strength increase from cold-work of forming per NASPEC section A7.2 where applicable.
3. Tabulated gross properties are based on the full, unreduced section away from punchouts.
4. Effective properties of all ‘S’ sections based on punched sections. Track sections are considered unpunched.
5. For deflection determination, use the effective moment of inertia. Effective moment of inertia is based on Procedure 1 of the NASPEC.
6. For sections with properties listed for both 33 ksi and 50 ksi yield point, the required yield point should be specified in the design documents.

6
Section Properties

7
Section Properties

8
Typical Framing Details

Screw sizes are only examples. Size, spacing and anchorage of framing components shall be qualified by design.

9
Typical Framing Details

Screw sizes are only examples. Size, spacing and anchorage of framing components shall be qualified by design.
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Limiting Wall Heights - Curtain Wall

Curtain Wall Limiting Height Tables Notes


1. Lateral loads have not been modified for strength checks.
2. Lateral loads have been multiplied by 0.7 for deflection determination.
3. Limiting heights based on continuous support of each flange over the full length of the stud.
4. Limiting heights are based on steel properties only (non-composite).
5. Web crippling check based on 1 inch end bearing. Where listed limiting heights are followed by “e”, web stiffeners are required.

3.3 mts

1.93 mts

4.39 m

2.56 mts

11
Limiting Wall Heights - Curtain Wall

12
Limiting Wall Heights - Curtain Wall

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Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Combined Axial and Lateral Load Table Notes


1. Allowable axial loads listed in kips (1 kip = 1000 lb).
2. Allowable axial loads determined in accordance with section C5 of the NASPEC, with section D4 used for treatment of punchouts.
3. Listed lateral pressures and axial loads have not been modified for strength checks based on wind/earthquake or multiple transient loads.
4. Allowable axial loads based on bracing KyLy = KtLt = 48 inches.
5. Superscripts represent exceeded deflection: 1 = L/120 exceeded; 2 = L/240 exceeded; 3 = L/360 exceeded; 6 = L/600 exceeded; 7 = L/720 exceeded.
6. Lateral pressures have been multiplied by 0.7 for deflection checks.
7. Studs are assumed to be adequately braced to develop full allowable moment, Ma.
8. Check end reactions for web crippling.

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

14
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

15
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

16
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

17
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

18
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

19
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

20
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

21
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

22
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

23
Combined Axial and Lateral Load Tables

Superscripts
represent
exceeded
deflection:
1
= L/120
2
= L/240
3
= L/360
6
= L/600
7
= L/720

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Floor Joist Span Tables

Allowable Floor Joist Span Table Notes


1. Spans are based on continuous support of each flange over the full length of the joist. Bridging Recommendations
2. For two, equal spans listed span is the distance from either end to the center support, with the Floor joist bridging may be spaced
joist continuous over the center support. as indicated below, except where
3. Joists must be braced against rotation at all supports. member design requires an alternate
4. Shear and web crippling capacity have not been reduced for punchouts. spacing.
5. Web crippling check based on 3.5 inch end and interior bearing. Where listed allowable spans
are followed by “e”, web stiffeners are required at ends, “i” web stiffeners required at interior Span (ft) Minimum Number of Rows
support, and “a” web stiffeners are required at all supports. up to 14 1 at mid span
6. Total load deflection limited to L/240. Live load deflection limit as noted. 14 to 20 2 at 1/3 point
7. Alternate span live loading has been considered for two, equal span condition. 20 to 26 3 at 1/4 point

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Floor Joist Span Tables

26
Floor Joist Span Tables

27
Floor Joist Span Tables

28
Floor Joist Span Tables

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Head Load Table

Header Allowable Uniform Load Table Notes


1. Deflection limit is L/360.
2. Allowable loads have not been modified for strength or deflection checks.
3. Headers consist of two members, boxed or back-to-back.
4. Allowable moment, shear, web crippling and moment of inertia are based on twice the
value for a single member.
5. Web crippling check based on 1 inch end bearing. Where listed allowable loads are fol-
lowed by “e”, web stiffeners are required.
6. Web crippling and shear checks are based on unpunched webs. If web punchouts occur
near supports, members must be checked for reduced shear and web crippling in accor-
dance with the NASPEC.
7. Members are assumed adequately braced to develop their full flexural strength.
8. Allowable loads are for simply supported headers with uniform bending loads only.

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Header Load Table

31
Web Crippling Load Table

Web Crippling Load Table Notes


1. Listed allowable loads apply only to members with stiffened flanges (i.e. S-sections).
2. Listed allowable loads are based on members ‘fastened to supports’.
3. Listed allowable loads are for unpunched webs.
4. Allowable loads are for single members.

32
Web Crippling Conditions

33
Typical Load Bearing Details

Screw sizes are only examples. Size, spacing and anchorage of framing components shall be qualified by design.

34
Screw and Weld Allowables

Screw Table Notes Maximum Allowable Screw Connection and Screw Values (lbs/screw)
1. The edge distance requirements are based on
1/4 - 14 No. 12 No. 10 No. 8 No. 6
NASPEC section E4.3.2. Steel Thickness Steel Dia = .25 (in) Dia = .216 (in) Dia = .190 (in) Dia = .164 (in) Dia = .138 (in)
2. The allowable loads are based on steel properties Mils Design (in.) Fy (ksi) Fu (ksi) Shear Pullout Shear Pullout Shear Pullout Shear Pullout Shear Pullout
of the members being connected, per NASPEC 27 0.0283 33 45 121 59 111 50
section E4. 33 0.0346 33 45 177 84 164 72 151 61
3. When connecting materials of different steel 43 0.0451 33 45 301 143 280 124 263 109 244 94 200 79
thicknesses or tensile strength (Fu), the lowest 54 0.0566 33 45 424 180 394 158 370 137 266 118
applicable values should be used.
68 0.0713 33 45 599 227 533 196 373 173
4. The nominal strength of the screw must be at least
97 0.1017 33 45 693 324 533 280 373 246
3.75 times the allowable loads.
5. Values include a 3.0 factor of safety for the screw
connection.
6. Penetration of screws through joined materials should
not be less than 3 exposed threads. Screws should
be installed and tightened in accordance with screw
manufacturer’s recommendations.

Weld Table Notes


1. Weld Capacities based on NASPEC, section E2.
2. When connecting materials of different steel
thicknesses or tensile strength (Fu), the lowest Allowable Loads for Fillet Welds and Flare Groove Welds (lbs/in)
applicable values should be used. Steel Thickness Normal Fillet Weld Type Flare Groove Fxx Limit
3. In the NASPEC, the factor of safety varies depending Fxx Limit (E60xx)*
mils Design Fy (ksi) Fu (ksi) Weld Size Longitudinal Transverse Longitudinal Transverse
on the type of weld. (E60xx)*

4. Based on the minimum allowable load for fillet or 43 0.0451 33 45 1/16 499 864 NA 644 663 NA
flare groove welds, longitudinal or transverse loads. 54 0.0568 33 45 3/32 626 1084 NA 682 832 NA
5. Allowable loads based on E60xx electrodes. 68 0.0713 33 45 1/8 789 1385 NA 859 1048 NA
6. For material less than or equal to .1242” thick, 97 0.1017 33 45 1/8 1125 1947 269 1226 1495 1402
drawings show nominal weld size. For such material 113 0.1242 33 45 1/8 1374 2378 550 1497 1826 1712
the effective throat of the weld shall not be less than 54 0.0568 50 65 3/32 905 1565 NA 985 1202 NA
the thickness of the thinnest connected part.
68 0.0713 50 65 1/8 1140 1972 NA 1241 1514 NA
97 0.1017 50 65 1/8 1625 2813 269 1771 2159 1402
113 0.1242 50 65 1/8 1985 3435 550 2162 2637 1712

Notes: 1. For welds with L/t > 25


2. For tw <= 2t
3. Based on weld effective throat tw = .7071
4. Based on weld effective throat tw =5XXX R= outside corner radius = 2.5t
5. Weld capacities based on 2001 NASPEC (including 2004 Supplement) Sections E2.4 and E2.5
6. When connecting materials of different steel thickness or tensile strength (Fu). the lowest applicable values should be used
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Steel Structural Products LLC • 1195 Port Road Jeffersonville, IN 47130 • (502) 368-4252

www.steelstructuralproducts.com