Sei sulla pagina 1di 27
By: Nicole Urbaniak 1 s t hour http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
By: Nicole Urbaniak 1 s t hour http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898

By: Nicole Urbaniak 1 st hour

By: Nicole Urbaniak 1 s t hour http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898

http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898

By: Nicole Urbaniak 1 s t hour http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898

Introduction to Gandhi

One of the most influential world leaders and is widely considered the father of his country.

Born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India.

He studied law in London, England.

In 1893, he went to South Africa, where he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indians.

Advocate for the rights of Indians, in India and South Africa.

Leader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule.

Became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience.

His doctrine of non-violent protest to achieve political and social

progress has been hugely influential.

Killed by a fanatic in 1948 in New Delhi, India.

influential.  Killed by a fanatic in 1948 in New Delhi, India. http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
influential.  Killed by a fanatic in 1948 in New Delhi, India. http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
influential.  Killed by a fanatic in 1948 in New Delhi, India. http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
influential.  Killed by a fanatic in 1948 in New Delhi, India. http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898
influential.  Killed by a fanatic in 1948 in New Delhi, India. http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898

http://www.biography.com/people/mahatma-gandhi-9305898

What is Transformational Leadership?

What is Transformational Leadership?  A leadership style that focuses on creating gradual change in organizations

A leadership style that focuses on creating gradual change in

organizations by a commitment to the organization’s vision.

It defines people’s mission and vision, renews their commitment, and restructures their systems for goal accomplishment.

Characteristics of transformational leaders:

 Characteristics of transformational leaders: • Inspirational • Trustworthy • Charismatic role

Inspirational

Trustworthy Charismatic role models who lead by example Understand the strengths and weaknesses of their group and align them to optimize performance to reach goals

Engage members of their group to also become leaders

Foster high levels of personal commitment from their supporters to achieve a shared goal

Set goals with high standards in mind Exceed typical achievements

with high standards in mind • Exceed typical achievements http://www.pachamama.org/transformational-leadership

http://www.pachamama.org/transformational-leadership

research-methodology.net

4 Steps of Transformational

Leadership

1. Challenge the process-This is the first step in the process of

transformational leadership. Find something that needs to be changed.

2. Inspire a shared vision-Share vision in words that can be understood by followers. Create a partnership with those involved so that they can see why the change is needed and how the change affects them. Demonstrate the need for change.

3. Enable others to act-Give followers the tools and methods to solve the problem. Lay out a specific plan of action and let everyone know what they must do to make the change happen.

4. Model the way-Show that it can be done. The leader does what he is asking of the followers. They work side by side to accomplish this goal.

How was Gandhi a

Transformational Leader?

He strived to heighten the motivation of himself and his followers.

He helped his followers reach their fullest potential.

Gandhi satisfied the needs of his followers and remained sensitive to a higher purpose.

He provided a vision and a sense of mission to the Indian public.

With his charismatic personality, Gandhi inspired millions of Indians by giving them individualized consideration and stimulating them to higher order needs.

He appealed to higher values and ideals of followers by using charismatic methods to attract them to the mission.

Overview-Purpose of Presentation

The purpose of this presentation is to demonstrate how Gandhi used transformational leadership to free India and stop civil war.

Gandhi demonstrates the characteristics of a transformational leader and uses the steps in transformational leadership to solve problems and transform India.

leadership to solve problems and transform India. http://mlk-

http://mlk-

kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/

enc_gandhi_mohandas_karamchand_1869_1948/

India. http://mlk- kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/ enc_gandhi_mohandas_karamchand_1869_1948/
India. http://mlk- kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/ enc_gandhi_mohandas_karamchand_1869_1948/
India. http://mlk- kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/ enc_gandhi_mohandas_karamchand_1869_1948/
India. http://mlk- kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/encyclopedia/ enc_gandhi_mohandas_karamchand_1869_1948/

Challenge the Process

In the opening scene of the film, Gandhi demonstrates transformational leadership in trying to make changes in South African society.

One major problem Gandhi faces in the opening scene is racism.

He travels on a train going to South Africa to be a colored attorney.

He sees that life there is different, as the white men on the train are telling Gandhi that there are no colored attorneys in South Africa.

This problem relates to racism due to the fact that colored people do

not have special rights in South Africa, and they are ruled poorly by the

British.

in South Africa, and they are ruled poorly by the British. http://flcenterlitarts.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/e
in South Africa, and they are ruled poorly by the British. http://flcenterlitarts.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/e
in South Africa, and they are ruled poorly by the British. http://flcenterlitarts.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/e
in South Africa, and they are ruled poorly by the British. http://flcenterlitarts.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/e

http://flcenterlitarts.wordpress.com/2011/03/31/e

very-time-a-book-is-banned-a-demon-gets-its-

wings/

Challenge the Process

Another major problem emphasized in the film is that Gandhi worked to

eliminate is the Indigo/crop problem.

This problem exists because the British will not buy indigo from Indian farmers because Britain already grows it.

In 1917, the poor peasants, the indigo growers, invited Gandhi to Champaran in Bihar to see for himself the problems of the much exploited peasants there.

In the beginning, the land was owned by the local people.

Later, the white people from Britain grabbed the land and instead of the traditional sugar cane cultivation, the white people forced the people to

enter into indigo cultivation.

The British Indigo planters coerced the poor people to grow indigo on 15 per cent of their land and part with the whole crop for rent.

Indigo cultivation was profitable only for the British.

The local peasants had only misery and poverty.

 The local peasants had only misery and poverty. http://sushlaventulip06.blogspot.com/2013/09/vi
 The local peasants had only misery and poverty. http://sushlaventulip06.blogspot.com/2013/09/vi
 The local peasants had only misery and poverty. http://sushlaventulip06.blogspot.com/2013/09/vi
 The local peasants had only misery and poverty. http://sushlaventulip06.blogspot.com/2013/09/vi

http://sushlaventulip06.blogspot.com/2013/09/vi

bgyor-series-i-for-indigo-indigo.html

Inspire a Shared Vision

Gandhi inspires a shared vision when he addresses a speech to solve

the problem of poverty in India.

Many people during the early 1900’s across India were living in poverty.

They had a scarce amount of food water, little clothing, and no shelter.

In October 1931, Gandhi visited London where he addressed a large gathering at Kingsley Hall.

http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/mahatma-gandhi-

http://www.ndtv.com/article/india/mahatma-gandhi-

s-famous-speech-at-kingsley-hall-in-1931-138262

s-famous-speech-at-kingsley-hall-in-1931-138262 http://www.gandhiserve.org/e/
s-famous-speech-at-kingsley-hall-in-1931-138262 http://www.gandhiserve.org/e/
s-famous-speech-at-kingsley-hall-in-1931-138262 http://www.gandhiserve.org/e/

http://www.gandhiserve.org/e/

Inspire a Shared Vision

Gandhi tells the British to leave India so that change can be made.

He gives them four reasons as to why they must leave:

1. There are 350,000 million Indians and 100,000 British - the British are largely outnumbered.

2. Indians should be allowed to deal with their own problems.

3. The British humiliate the Indian people.

4. Indians would prefer to have a bad government then an allied one.

Also, Gandhi says, “It doesn’t matter what religion people are, they are

all God’s children.”

Gandhi says this to inspire non-violence and reconciliation in the angry crowd protesting outside his ashram.

http://www.freedomfightersonline.com/

non-violence and reconciliation in the angry crowd protesting outside his ashram. http://www.freedomfightersonline.com/
non-violence and reconciliation in the angry crowd protesting outside his ashram. http://www.freedomfightersonline.com/
non-violence and reconciliation in the angry crowd protesting outside his ashram. http://www.freedomfightersonline.com/
non-violence and reconciliation in the angry crowd protesting outside his ashram. http://www.freedomfightersonline.com/

Enable others to act

Gandhi inspires the people of India how to act toward British tyranny in order to change it.

1. Never submit to unjust British laws

2. Resist actively and provocatively

3. Embarrass them

4. Change their minds, but don’t kill

5. Day of prayer and fasting

Gandhi lays out a specific plan of action and let everyone know what they must do to make the change happen.

everyone know what they must do to make the change happen. http://forusa.org/blogs/for/peace-quotes-mahatma-gandhi/10229
everyone know what they must do to make the change happen. http://forusa.org/blogs/for/peace-quotes-mahatma-gandhi/10229
everyone know what they must do to make the change happen. http://forusa.org/blogs/for/peace-quotes-mahatma-gandhi/10229
everyone know what they must do to make the change happen. http://forusa.org/blogs/for/peace-quotes-mahatma-gandhi/10229
everyone know what they must do to make the change happen. http://forusa.org/blogs/for/peace-quotes-mahatma-gandhi/10229

http://forusa.org/blogs/for/peace-quotes-mahatma-gandhi/10229

Enable others to act

Gandhi suggests a method in order to solve the problem of imported cloth which took income away form Indians.

He suggests that the Indians should stop buying British goods and make

their own clothing, “homespun.”

Gandhi argued that India’s self-rule could only be achieved if it became self-sufficient, and he urged people to take up spinning and wear only home-spun clothing.

In the beginning of the film, Gandhi wore suits and professional clothing,

but as the cloth problem expanded, Gandhi always wore homespun

clothing.

problem expanded, Gandhi always wore homespun clothing. https://my.hamilton.edu/news/story/clothing-gandhis-nation-
problem expanded, Gandhi always wore homespun clothing. https://my.hamilton.edu/news/story/clothing-gandhis-nation-
problem expanded, Gandhi always wore homespun clothing. https://my.hamilton.edu/news/story/clothing-gandhis-nation-
problem expanded, Gandhi always wore homespun clothing. https://my.hamilton.edu/news/story/clothing-gandhis-nation-
problem expanded, Gandhi always wore homespun clothing. https://my.hamilton.edu/news/story/clothing-gandhis-nation-

https://my.hamilton.edu/news/story/clothing-gandhis-nation-

homespun-and-modern-india

Model the way

Gandhi models the way by wearing traditional Indian clothing rather than a suit.

His rational for this is that he wants to support his comrades in prison.

This scene shows the characteristic of modeling because Gandhi shows

that the problem can be solved.

He stands up for what he believes is right.

Another way Gandhi models his non-violent cooperation is when he is in

court.

He urges the magistrate to punish him to the fullest of the law.

This event showed his followers what he wanted to do and how it would get done.

followers what he wanted to do and how it would get done.
followers what he wanted to do and how it would get done.
followers what he wanted to do and how it would get done.
followers what he wanted to do and how it would get done.

http://aurorasvoice.org/index.php?option=com_content&view

=article&id=89:season-for-nonviolence-2012&catid=4:news-

archive&Itemid=9

Model the way

The Salt March, (took place from March to April 1930 in India), was an act of civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi to protest British rule

in India.

During the march, thousands of Indians followed Gandhi from his religious retreat near Ahmedabad to the Arabian Sea coast, a distance of approximately 240 miles.

The march resulted in the arrest of nearly 60,000 people, including

Gandhi himself.

On a positive note, India finally was granted its independence in 1947.

In this example, Gandhi demonstrates how to make the changes that are needed.

He shows that it can be done.

changes that are needed.  He shows that it can be done. http://beautifultrouble.org/case/the-salt-march/

http://beautifultrouble.org/case/the-salt-march/

He shows that it can be done. http://beautifultrouble.org/case/the-salt-march/ http://www.history.com/topics/salt-march

http://www.history.com/topics/salt-march

4 Characteristics of Transformational Leadership

1. Idealized influence-being a charismatic role model who builds confidence and trust.

2. Inspirational motivation-providing meaningful work and setting high standards.

3. Intellectual stimulation-encouraging creativity by questioning common assumptions and beliefs.

4. Individualized consideration-being a mentor by responding to individual needs.

consideration -being a mentor by responding to individual needs. http://climbthepage.com/local-internet-marketing/
consideration -being a mentor by responding to individual needs. http://climbthepage.com/local-internet-marketing/
consideration -being a mentor by responding to individual needs. http://climbthepage.com/local-internet-marketing/
consideration -being a mentor by responding to individual needs. http://climbthepage.com/local-internet-marketing/

http://climbthepage.com/local-internet-marketing/

Idealized Influence

Transformational leaders strive towards creating idealized influence by:

Articulating a vision and explaining how to attain the vision in an appealing manner

Leading by example

Acting confidently and optimistically

Sharing risks with followers

Emphasizing values and reinforcing them by symbolic actions

• Emphasizing values and reinforcing them by symbolic actions • Displaying a high level of ethical

Displaying a high level of ethical and moral conduct

Idealized Influence

Gandhi displayed high levels of morals and ethical conduct and can be trusted to do the right thing.

He endured hunger strikes and served in the lowest caste of people in

India.

He practiced non-violent methods of protest and encouraged others.

Gandhi wasn't just delivering his message from behind a podium but was out in the streets, living his message.

He demonstrated an incredibly charismatic vision and acted in a way that inspired others.

Gandhi gained trust and confidence of his followers and led by example.

His followers admired him as a role model and respect the decisions he made.

him as a role model and respect the decisions he made. http://www.capmembers.com/media/cms/L

http://www.capmembers.com/media/cms/L

2L_Mod2_Ch7_Leadership_Schools_of

574B8BF2CB81E.pdf

http://indiandefence.com/threads/the-discovery-of-india-

bharat-ek-khoj.44751/

Inspirational Motivation

Transformational leaders inspire followers toward new ideas or goals.

Articulation of a clear and appealing view of the future

Development of a shared vision in both economic and ideological terms so that the followers see meaning in their work

Making sure each follower had a role in the fulfillment of the shared vision, and setting high standards for the followers to attain

objectives

Encouraging followers to integrate and become part of the overall organizational culture and environment

objectives • Encouraging followers to integrate and become part of the overall organizational culture and environment

Inspirational Motivation

The ways Gandhi elevated people from low levels of need focused

survival by appealing toward their inborn desire include:

• Making vivid descriptions of a good future that raises one’s imagination

Motivational speeches and conversations

Public display of optimism and enthusiasm

Highlighting positive outcomes

Stimulating teamwork

Gandhi was motivated by prejudice from the British in South Africa.

He was motivated to act against the British Empire when he was imprisoned for demanding independence.

the British Empire when he was imprisoned for demanding independence. http://mama.indstate.edu/users/johannes/ch5_f99.html
the British Empire when he was imprisoned for demanding independence. http://mama.indstate.edu/users/johannes/ch5_f99.html
the British Empire when he was imprisoned for demanding independence. http://mama.indstate.edu/users/johannes/ch5_f99.html

http://mama.indstate.edu/users/johannes/ch5_f99.html

Intellectual Stimulation

Transformational leaders raise their follower’s awareness regarding

problems and develop their capacity to solve such problems in many ways.

Fostering a climate that favors critical examination of commonly held

notions, beliefs, and the status quo

Creating an environment conducive to the creation and sharing of knowledge

Encouraging sensitivity to environmental changes

Encouraging the suggestion of radical and controversial ideals without fear or punishment or ridicule

controversial ideals without fear or punishment or ridicule • Empowerment and imposition of the leader’s idea

• Empowerment and imposition of the leader’s idea only in the absence of viable ideas form the followers

Intellectual Stimulation

Gandhi challenges assumptions and takes risks and solicits his followers' ideas.

He stimulated and encouraged creativity and innovation in his followers.

Gandhi’s vision provided the framework for his followers to see how they connect to him, the organization, each other, and the goal.

Gandhi supported his followers to:

Try new approaches

Develop innovative ways of dealing with organization issues

http://www.pachamama.org/transformational-leadership

issues http://www.pachamama.org/transformational-leadership h t t p : / / q u o t e k o

http://quoteko.com/gandhi-praying.html

Individualized Consideration

The transformational leader treats each follower as a “whole” individual rather than as an employee and considers the individual’s talents and

levels of knowledge to decide what suits him or her to reach higher

levels of attainment. A transformational leader applies such individual considerations by:

Listening to each follower's needs and concerns

Expressing words of thanks or praise as a means of motivation

Making public recognition of achievements and initiatives

Making privates notes of congratulations to boost self confidence

privates notes of congratulations to boost self confidence • Ensuring fair workload distribution • Undertaking

Ensuring fair workload distribution

Undertaking individualized career counseling and mentoring

Individualized Consideration

Gandhi listened closely to his followers and acknowledged their unique needs.

Gandhi acted as a coach and advisor to each follower on an individual basis to help them reach their full potential.

It fulfils the individuals need for self-actualization, self-fulfillment, and self- worth.

It also naturally propels followers to further achievement and growth.

http://www.transformationalleadership.net/products/Tra

nsformationalLeadershipReport.pdf

t i o n a l L e a d e r s h i p

http://lifepositive.com/the-age-of-gandhi/

Conclusion

Transformational leadership is leadership style that focuses on creating

gradual change in organizations by a commitment to the organization’s

vision.

The four steps used by leader are:

1. Challenge the process

2. Inspire a shared vision

3. Enable others to act

4. Model the way

a shared vision 3. Enable others to act 4. Model the way  The four characteristics

The four characteristics used by leaders are:

the way  The four characteristics used by leaders are: 1. Idealized influence 2. Inspirational motivation

1. Idealized influence

2. Inspirational motivation

3. Intellectual stimulation

4. Individualized consideration

http://www.history.com/topics/maha

tma-gandhi

Conclusion  Transformational leaders are: • Inspirational • Trustworthy • Charismatic role models who lead

Conclusion

Transformational leaders are:

Inspirational

Trustworthy

Charismatic role models who lead by example.

Understand the strengths and weaknesses of their team and align

them with tasks and goals to optimize performance.

Engage their followers in a way that moves them to also become leaders.

How was Gandhi a transformational leader?

leaders.  How was Gandhi a transformational leader? • Gandhi satisfied needs of his followers and

Gandhi satisfied needs of his followers and instead of riding those needs to power he remained sensitive to a higher purpose.

He provided a vision and a sense of mission to the Indian public.

It was under his leadership that India won its Independence.

http://www.historytoday.com/sites/default/files/Ti

mes_of_India_front_Page_15_August_1947.jpg

http://o4learn.com/ http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp- content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-

http://o4learn.com/

http://o4learn.com/ http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp- content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-
http://o4learn.com/ http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp- content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-
http://o4learn.com/ http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp- content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-
http://o4learn.com/ http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp- content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-
http://o4learn.com/ http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp- content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-

http://www.seowebmarketing.co.uk/wp-

content/uploads/Gandhi-Google-Doodle-

Change-in-the-World-quote-300x225.png

The End!!!! 
The End!!!! 
The End!!!! 
The End!!!! 
The End!!!! 
The End!!!! 