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Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct answer.

Section 1 Quiz
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. Data Integrity ensures the duplication of information.
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

2. A row is called a record.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

3. A table is a collection of records.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

4. In the relational database model, each table name must be unique. The column
names in the table must be unique too. You can have two different tables that have Mark for Review
column names that are similar. (1) Points

True (*)

False

Correct

5. The advantages of object-oriented data model are:


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Reduced Maintenance

Real-World Modeling

Both (*)

None

Incorrect. Refer to Section 1 Lesson 3.

Page 1 of 3 Next Summary


Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct answer.

Section 1 Quiz
(Answer all questions in this section)
6. Physical data modeling is the examination of a business and business data in order
to determine the structure of business information and the rules that govern it. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 1 Lesson 3.

7. Every instance of an Oracle Database has an associated redo log to protect the
database in case of an instance failure. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

8. The Oracle Database stores data logically in tablespaces, and physically in


datafiles associated with the corresponding tablespace. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

9. Oracle Database stores data logically in tablespaces and physically in datafiles


associated with the corresponding tablespace. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Incorrect. Refer to Section 1 Lesson 5.

10. Business rules are used to understand business processes, and the nature, role,
and scope of the data. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct answer.

Section 1 Quiz
(Answer all questions in this section)
11. It is important to identify and document business rules when designing a
database. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

12. A database interacts with the data and provides the following facilities:
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Retrieving

Inserting

Both (*)

Neither

Incorrect. Refer to Section 1 Lesson 2.

13. A DBMS comprises of the following elements:


(Choose 3) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Kernel code (*)

Repository of metadata (*)

Query language (*)

Client

Correct

14. The main subject areas taught by the Oracle Academy are:
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Data Modeling, SQL, and PL/SQL (*)

Computer Repairs

Database performance tuning

Systems programming and computer architecture

Correct

15. The market for IT professionals is still increasing and will continue to do so in the
future as the world gets ever more dependent on computer systems. True or Mark for Review
False? (1) Points

True (*)

False

Correct

Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct answer.

Section 2 Quiz
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. What does single table refer to? (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
A type of database storage method where all of the data elements are stored
on top of each other.
A fully-relational database system like Microsoft's SQL Server or Oracle's
database systems.
Non-relational systems that typically store each table and index in separate
files and often do not support the SQL language. (*)
A database where all of the data is stored in one large table. (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 1.

2. Which of the following statements is true?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Flat file database systems pay more attention to retrieving data and making it
accessible to the user, whereas relational databases spend more energy
updating indexes and data pointers.
Relational database systems are the main thrust behind SQL since it provides
the language elements needed to tie together the information in the database.
Relational systems pay more attention to retrieving data and making it
accessible to the user.
Both B and C (*)

Correct

3. An ERD is an example of a Physical Model. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 3.

4. Entity names are always plural.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

5. Which of the following are reasons we create conceptual models?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
It facilitates discussion; a picture is worth a thousand words

It forms important ideal system documentation

It takes into account government regulations and laws

It forms a sound basis for physical database design

All of the above (*)

Correct

6. Primary
Key can Mark for Review
contain (1) Points
null
values.
True
False (*)

Correct

7. What is the purpose of a Unique Identifier?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
To identify one unique instance of an entity by using one or more
attributes and/or relationships. (*)
To uniquely determine a table and columns within that table.

To identify a specific row within a table, using one or more columns


and/or foreign keys.
Create an entity that is unlike any other entity aside from itself.

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 5.

8. Relationships on an ERD can only be transformed into UIDs in the physical


model? True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

9. A barred relationship is mapped to a primary-key column on the many side,


just like any other M:1 relationship. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

10. A table must have a primary key. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 2.

11. In the
relational Mark for Review
model, (1) Points
relationships
between
relations or
tables are
created by
using?
Foreign Keys (*)

Composite Keys

Primary Keys

Candidate Keys

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 2.


12. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called
___________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Field

Relations (*)

Row

Tuples

Correct

13. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves


changing terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers become Mark for Review
(1) Points
Columns

Primary Key Constraints

Tables

Unique Constraints (*)

Correct

14. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of:


(Choose Two) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Foreign Key (*)

Column

Check Constraint or Unique Key

Primary Key or Unique Key (*)

Correct

15. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct
Unique
Identifier Mark for Review
has a (1) Points
NULL
value for
each
instance
of the
entity for
the
lifetime
of the
instance.
True or
False
True

False (*)

Correct

2. Unique Identifiers:
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Distinguish all entities in a database

Distinguish one instance of an entity from all other instances of that entity (*)

Distinguish one entity from another.

Distinguish nothing

Correct

3. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called


relations. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

4. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called


___________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Field

Tuples

Row

Relations (*)

Correct

5. In the relational model, relationships between relations or tables are created by


using? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Candidate Keys

Composite Keys
Primary Keys

Foreign Keys (*)

Correct
6. A flat file
database Mark for Review
is a type (1) Points
of
database
that
stores
data in a
multiple
tables.
True
False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 1.

7. Which of the following are examples of e-businesses that use database software?
(Choose 3) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Online personal web page

Online book store (*)

Online clothing store (*)

Online research paper

Online personal shopping service (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 1.

8. Entities are usually verbs. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

9. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing


terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers become Mark for Review
(1) Points
Primary Key Constraints

Columns

Tables

Unique Constraints (*)

Correct

10. Which of the following statements about attributes are true? (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
They are often adjectives.

They have a data type, such as number or character string. (*)

They must be single valued unless they belong to more than one entity.

They describe, qualify, quantify, classify, or specify an entity. (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 4.


11. The
Physical Mark for Review
Model is (1) Points
derived
from the
Conceptual
Model.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

12. Data modeling is performed for the following reasons: (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
The ERD becomes a blueprint for designing the actual system. (*)

It helps discussions and reviews. (*)

We do not need datamodels; we can just start coding right away.

We draw an ERD solely to please the users; once completed, the ERD is
never referred to again as it serves no purpose in the real world.
Correct

13. Which of the following are reasons we create conceptual models?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
It facilitates discussion; a picture is worth a thousand words

It forms important ideal system documentation

It takes into account government regulations and laws

It forms a sound basis for physical database design

All of the above (*)

Correct

14. Foreign keys must be null. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

15. Relationships on an ERD can only be transformed into UIDs in the physical
model? True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct
1. There is
no limit Mark for Review
to how (1) Points
many
columns
that can
make
up an
entity's
UID.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

2. The candidate UID that is chosen to identify an entity is called the Primary
UID; other candidate UIDs are called Secondary UIDs. Mark for Review
(1) Points
No, after UIDs are first sorted, the first one is called the Primary UID, the
second is the Secondary UID, etc.
No, each Entity can only have one UID, the secondary one.

No, it is not possible to have more than one UID for an Entity.

Yes, this is the way UID's are named. (*)

Correct

3. A unique identifier must be made up of more than one attribute. True or


False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

4. Business rules are important to data modelers. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

5. A new system would have a mixture of both Procedural and Structural


Business Rules as part of the documentation of that new system. True or Mark for Review
False? (1) Points

True (*)

False

Correct
6. To
identify Mark for Review
an (1) Points
attribute
as part
of a
unique
identifier
on an
ER
diagram,
the #
symbol
goes in
front of
it. True
or False?
True (*)

False

Correct

7. Attributes have Instances. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

8. Age is a Non-volatile attribute. True or False.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

9. Documenting Business Requirements helps developers control the scope of


the system and prevents users from claiming that the new system does not Mark for Review
meet their business requirements. True or False? (1) Points

True (*)

False

Correct

10. The Physical Model is derived from the Conceptual Model. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
11. Data
models Mark for Review
are drawn (1) Points
to show
users the
actual
Data that
their new
system
will
contain;
only Data
listed on
the
Diagram
can be
entered
into the
Database.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 1.

12. All instances of the supertype must be an instance of one of the subtypes.
True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

13. You can only create relationships to a Supertype, not to a Subtype. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

14. Which of the following are suitable Entity names? (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
ANIMALS

DOGS

DOG (*)

ANIMAL (*)

Correct

15. Entity names are always singular. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

Section 3 - Quiz 1 L1-L5


(Answer all questions in this section)
1. All entities must be given a new artificial UID. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 5.


2. People are not born with "numbers", but a lot of systems assign student numbers,
customer IDs, etc. ᅠA shoe has a color, a size, a style, but may not have a Mark for Review
(1) Points
descriptive "number". So, to be able to uniquely and efficiently identify one
instance of the entity SHOE, a/an ______________ UID can be created.
Artificial (*)

Structured

Identification

Unrealistic

Correct

3. There is no limit to how many columns that can make up an entity's UID. True or
False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

4. Business rules are important to data modelers. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

5. "Only teachers may supervise exams" is an example of which of the following?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
An attribute that should be stored on the PERSON entity

A procedural business rule (*)

An attribute that is not be inherited from the PERSON supertype and is unique
to the TEACHER subtype
A structural business rule

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 2.


6. An ERD
is an Mark for Review
example (1) Points
of a
Physical
Model.
True or
False?
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 1.

7. Data models are drawn to show users the actual Data that their new system will
contain; only Data listed on the Diagram can be entered into the Database. True Mark for Review
or False? (1) Points

True (*)
False

Correct

8. Data modeling is performed for the following reasons: (Choose Two)


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
We draw an ERD solely to please the users; once completed, the ERD is
never referred to again as it serves no purpose in the real world.
It helps discussions and reviews. (*)

We do not need datamodels; we can just start coding right away.

The ERD becomes a blueprint for designing the actual system. (*)

Correct

9. Age is a Non-volatile attribute. True or False.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct

10. To identify an attribute as part of a unique identifier on an ER diagram, the #


symbol goes in front of it. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
11. Which
symbol is Mark for Review
used to (1) Points
show that a
particular
attribute is
mandatory?
#

* (*)

&

Correct

12. The "Other" subtype is mandatory. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

13. Entity names are always singular. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

14. Entity Boxes are drawn with 90 degree angles, also known as Hard Boxes.
True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

15. Which of the following is true about subtypes?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Subtypes should not be exhaustive.

One instance of a supertype may belong to two subtypes.

Subtypes must not be mutually exclusive.

Subtypes must be mutually exclusive. (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 3.

Section 2 Quiz
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. In the relational model, relationships between relations or tables are created by
using? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Foreign Keys (*)

Candidate Keys

Composite Keys

Primary Keys

Correct

2. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called


___________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Field

Relations (*)

Row

Tuples

Correct

3. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called relations.


True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False

Correct

4. A foreign key is a column or combination of columns in one table that uniquely


identifies a row of another table. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

5. Relationships on an ERD can only be transformed into UIDs in the physical model?
True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

6. Which of
the Mark for Review
following (1) Points
statements
is true?
(Choose all correct answers)
Flat file database systems pay more attention to retrieving data and
making it accessible to the user, whereas relational databases spend more
energy updating indexes and data pointers.
Relational database systems are the main thrust behind SQL since it
provides the language elements needed to tie together the information in
the database.
Relational systems pay more attention to retrieving data and making it
accessible to the user.
Both B and C (*)

Correct

7. Flat file databases avoids data duplication. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

8. Data modeling is performed for the following reasons: (Choose Two)


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
The ERD becomes a blueprint for designing the actual system. (*)

It helps discussions and reviews. (*)

We do not need datamodels; we can just start coding right away.


We draw an ERD solely to please the users; once completed, the ERD is
never referred to again as it serves no purpose in the real world.
Correct

9. A conceptual data model is converted using a Relational Data Base Management


System to which model? Mark for Review
(1) Points
Logical data model (*)

External data model

An entity-relation data model

Internal data model

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 3.

10. The Physical Model is derived from the Conceptual Model. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
11. Primary
Key Mark for Review
can (1) Points
contain
null
values.
True

False (*)

Correct

12. Unique Identifiers:


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Distinguish nothing

Distinguish all entities in a database

Distinguish one entity from another.

Distinguish one instance of an entity from all other instances of that entity
(*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 5.

13. In a physical data model, a relationship is represented as a combination of:


(Choose Two) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Foreign Key (*)

Check Constraint or Unique Key

Column

Primary Key or Unique Key (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 4.

14. A/an _________ is a piece of information that in some way describes an entity. It
is a property of the entity and it quantifies, qualifies, classifies, or specifies the Mark for Review
entity. (1) Points
ERD

Attribute (*)

Table

Process

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 4.

15. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing


terminology. Primary Unique Identifiers in the ER diagram become __________ Mark for Review
and relationships become ____________. (1) Points

Primary keys, Foreign keys (*)

Foreign keys, Primary keys

Foreign keys, mandatory business rules

Unique Keys, Primary keys

Correct
Section 2 Quiz
(Answer all questions in this section)
1. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 4.

2. Entities are usually verbs. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

3. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves changing


terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers become Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique Constraints (*)

Primary Key Constraints

Columns

Tables

Correct

4. Primary Key can contain null values.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

5. Unique Identifier has a NULL value for each instance of the entity for the lifetime of
the instance. True or False Mark for Review
(1) Points
True
False (*)

Correct
6. The
Physical Mark for Review
Model is (1) Points
derived
from the
Conceptual
Model.
True or
False?
True (*)
False
Correct

7. Entity names are always plural.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
False (*)

True

Correct

8. Data models are drawn to show users the actual Data that their new system will
contain; only Data listed on the Diagram can be entered into the Database. Mark for Review
True or False? (1) Points

True (*)

False

Correct

9. A foreign key is a column or combination of columns in one table that uniquely


identifies a row of another table. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

10. One-to-One relationships are transformed into Foreign Keys in the tables
created at either end of that relationship. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 6.


11. A table
must Mark for Review
have a (1) Points
primary
key.
True or
False?
True
False (*)

Correct

12. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called


relations. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

13. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables called


___________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Field

Tuples

Relations (*)

Row

Correct

14. Flat file databases avoids data duplication. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

15. Which of the following are examples of e-businesses that use database software?
(Choose 3) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Online book store (*)

Online clothing store (*)

Online personal shopping service (*)

Online research paper

Online personal web page

Correct

1. Relationships
can be Mark for Review
Redundant. (1) Points
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

2. No parts of an UID are mandatory. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

3. A particular problem may be solved using either a Recursive Relationship


or a Hierarchical Relationship, though not at the same time. True or Mark for Review
False? (1) Points

True (*)
False
Correct

4. Intersection Entities are at the Parent end of the newly created 1:M
(Parent:Child) relationship; therefore, the original entities are the children Mark for Review
of the newly created intersection entity. True or False? (1) Points

True

False (*)

Correct

5. A recursive relationship must be Mandatory at both ends. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

6. Which of
the Mark for Review
following (1) Points
would be
a logical
constraint
when
modeling
time for a
City
entity?
People are born in the city and people die in the city.

Daily traffic patterns must be monitored to determine how many law


enforcement officers are needed.
Cites may change their names and/or country association if the borders
of a country change. (*)
If you are doing a system for any French City, you would need security
clearance.
Correct

7. Which of the following scenarios should be modeled so that historical data is


kept? (Choose two) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
TEACHER and AGE

CUSTOMER and PAYMENTS (*)

CUSTOMER and ORDERS (*)

BABY and AGE

Correct

8. A table is in 1NF if …
(Choose 2) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
There are no duplicate rows (*)
The entries in a column are of different type

Each row contains different columns

The data is atomic (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 9.

9. Until all attributes are single-valued, the database model is said to be:
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Not Normalized (*)

Normalized

in 2nd Normal Form

in 1st Normal Form

Correct

10. A table is in 2NF if


Mark for Review
(1) Points
It meets the requirements for the 1 NF.

Each non-key attribute is fully functional dependent on the table's


primary key.
Both (*)

None

Correct
If a
relationship Mark for Review
can NOT (1) Points
be moved
between
instances
of the
entities it
connects, it
is said to
be:
Non-Transferable (*)

Mandatory
Transferable

Optional

Correct

12. Matrix Diagrams show Optionality and Cardinality of the ERDs they
document. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

13. A Matrix Diagram should be developed by the end-users of your database.


True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 6.

14. In a business that sells pet food, choose the best relationship name between
FOOD TYPE and ANIMAL (e.g. dog, horse, or cat). (Choose Two) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Each FOOD TYPE may be made from one or more ANIMALs.

Each ANIMAL must be the seller of one or more FOOD TYPES.

Each FOOD TYPE must be suitable for one or more ANIMALs. (*)

Each FOOD TYPE may be given to one or more ANIMALs. (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 6.

15. Transferable relationships can only be mandatory, not optional. True or


False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct
1. If Audit
trail Mark for Review
attributes (1) Points
are
added to
an entity,
they
must be
in the
entities
they are
auditing.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

2. Modeling historical data can produce a unique identifier that always excludes
dates. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

3. Many to many relationships must be left in the Model. It is important to have


them documented as M-M. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

4. Intersection Entities are at the Parent end of the newly created 1:M
(Parent:Child) relationship; therefore, the original entities are the children of Mark for Review
the newly created intersection entity. True or False? (1) Points

True

False (*)

Correct

5. Primary UIDs are:


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Always comprised of numbers

Something that each Entity should have, but is not mandatory (*)

Mandatory in data modeling

Useful as an alternative means of identifying instances of an entity,


independent of their datatype
Correct
6. Arcs are
used to Mark for Review
visually (1) Points
represent
_________
between
two or more
relationships
in an ERD.
Differences

Exclusivity (*)

Inheritance

Sameness

Correct

7. Relationships can be Redundant. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

8. Normalization is the process of organizing the attributes and tables of a


relational database to minimize redundancy. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
9. A table is in 1NF if …
(Choose 2) Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
The entries in a column are of different type

There are no duplicate rows (*)

Each row contains different columns

The data is atomic (*)

Correct

10. Normalizing an Entity to 1st Normal Form is done by removing any


attributes that contain muliple values. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
11. Relationship
Cardinality Mark for Review
is (1) Points
important.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

12. Matrix Diagrams are developed BEFORE the ERD. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

13. A non-transferable relationship means the detail can be changed to point


to a new master. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 6.

14. One Relationship can be mandatory in one direction and optional in the
other direction. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
15. Matrix Diagrams show Optionality and Cardinality of the ERDs they
document. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

1. One-to-One
relationships Mark for Review
are (1) Points
transformed
into Foreign
Keys in the
tables created
at either end
of that
relationship.
True or False?
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 6.

2. Foreign keys must be null. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

3. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables


called relations. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

4. Each column in a relation is called an entity. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 2.

5. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables


called ___________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Tuples
Field

Row

Relations (*)

Correct

6. Many
reasons exist Mark for Review
for creating (1) Points
a conceptual
model.
Choose
three
appropriate
reasons
from the
options
below.
(Choose 3)
(Choose all correct answers)
They capture the implementation details of the physical model.
They model functional and informational needs. (*)

They model the information flow of data.

They accurately describe what a physical model will contain. (*)

They capture current and future needs. (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 3.

7. Data models are drawn to show users the actual Data that their new
system will contain; only Data listed on the Diagram can be entered into Mark for Review
the Database. True or False? (1) Points

True (*)

False

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 3.

8. A conceptual data model is converted using a Relational Data Base


Management System to which model? Mark for Review
(1) Points
External data model

Logical data model (*)

Internal data model

An entity-relation data model

Correct

9. Primary Key can contain null values.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct
10. Unique Identifier has a NULL value for each instance of the entity for the
lifetime of the instance. True or False Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

11. A flat file


database Mark for Review
is a type (1) Points
of
database
that
stores
data in a
multiple
tables.
True

False (*)

Correct

12. Which of the following statements is true?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Flat file database systems pay more attention to retrieving data and
making it accessible to the user, whereas relational databases spend
more energy updating indexes and data pointers.
Relational database systems are the main thrust behind SQL since it
provides the language elements needed to tie together the
information in the database.
Relational systems pay more attention to retrieving data and making it
accessible to the user.
Both B and C (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 1.

13. Entities are usually verbs. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

14. The transformation from an ER diagram to a physical design involves


changing terminology. Secondary Unique Identifiers become Mark for Review
(1) Points
Unique Constraints (*)

Primary Key Constraints

Columns

Tables

Correct
15. Which of the following statements about attributes are true? (Choose Two)
Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
They have a data type, such as number or character string. (*)

They describe, qualify, quantify, classify, or specify an entity. (*)

They are often adjectives.

They must be single valued unless they belong to more than one
entity.
Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 4.
1. What is the
purpose of Mark for Review
a Unique (1) Points
Identifier?
To identify a specific row within a table, using one or more columns
and/or foreign keys.
To uniquely determine a table and columns within that table.

To identify one unique instance of an entity by using one or more


attributes and/or relationships. (*)
Create an entity that is unlike any other entity aside from itself.

Correct

2. Unique Identifiers:
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Distinguish one entity from another.

Distinguish all entities in a database

Distinguish one instance of an entity from all other instances of that


entity (*)
Distinguish nothing

Correct

3. Attributes become tables in a database. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

4. A/an _________ is a piece of information that in some way describes an


entity. It is a property of the entity and it quantifies, qualifies, classifies, or Mark for Review
specifies the entity. (1) Points

ERD

Process

Attribute (*)

Table

Correct
5. Entities are usually verbs. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

6. In the
relational Mark for Review
model, (1) Points
relationships
between
relations or
tables are
created by
using?
Foreign Keys (*)

Primary Keys

Composite Keys

Candidate Keys

Correct

7. A table must have a primary key. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 2 Lesson 2.

8. In the relational model, data is organized in two-dimensional tables


called relations. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

9. Which of the following are examples of e-businesses that use database


software? Mark for Review
(Choose 3) (1) Points

(Choose all correct answers)


Online personal shopping service (*)

Online personal web page

Online book store (*)

Online clothing store (*)

Online research paper

Correct

10. A flat file database is a type of database that stores data in a multiple
tables. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct
11. Data
models Mark for Review
are drawn (1) Points
to show
users the
actual
Data that
their new
system will
contain;
only Data
listed on
the
Diagram
can be
entered
into the
Database.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

12. Many reasons exist for creating a conceptual model. Choose three
appropriate reasons from the options below. Mark for Review
(Choose 3) (1) Points

(Choose all correct answers)


They capture the implementation details of the physical model.

They accurately describe what a physical model will contain. (*)

They model the information flow of data.

They capture current and future needs. (*)

They model functional and informational needs. (*)

Correct

13. Which of the following are reasons we create conceptual models?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
It facilitates discussion; a picture is worth a thousand words

It forms important ideal system documentation

It takes into account government regulations and laws

It forms a sound basis for physical database design

All of the above (*)

Correct
14. Relationships on an ERD can only be transformed into UIDs in the physical
model? True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

15. A foreign key is a column or combination of columns in one table that


uniquely identifies a row of another table. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

1. A unique
identifier Mark for Review
must be (1) Points
made up
of more
than one
attribute.
True or
False?
True

False (*)

Correct

2. The candidate UID that is chosen to identify an entity is called the Primary
UID; other candidate UIDs are called Secondary UIDs. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes, this is the way UID's are named. (*)

No, each Entity can only have one UID, the secondary one.

No, after UIDs are first sorted, the first one is called the Primary UID,
the second is the Secondary UID, etc.
No, it is not possible to have more than one UID for an Entity.

Correct

3. There is no limit to how many columns that can make up an entity's UID.
True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 5.

4. All instances of the supertype must be an instance of one of the subtypes.


True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 3.


5. Which of the following is true about subtypes?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Subtypes should not be exhaustive.

One instance of a supertype may belong to two subtypes.

Subtypes must not be mutually exclusive.

Subtypes must be mutually exclusive. (*)

Correct
6. Which of
the Mark for Review
following (1) Points
are
suitable
Entity
names?
(Choose
Two)
(Choose all correct answers)
DOGS

ANIMALS

DOG (*)

ANIMAL (*)

Correct

7. You can only create relationships to a Supertype, not to a Subtype. True or


False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 3.

8. Why is it important to identify and document structural rules?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Ensures we know what data to store and how that data works together.
(*)
Ensures nothing. There are no benefits to be gained from documenting
your Structural Business Rules. We need to concentrate on the
Procedural Business Rules only.
Ensures we know what processes are in place and how to program
them.
All of the Above.

Correct

9. How would you model a business rule that states that girls and boys may not
attend classes together? Mark for Review
(1) Points
You cannot model this. You need to document it
Make the attribute Gender mandatory
Use a supertype

Supertype STUDENT has two subtypes BOY and GIRL which are each
related to GENDER which is related to CLASS (*)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 2.

10. An ERD is an example of a Physical Model. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct
11. Data
models Mark for Review
are drawn (1) Points
to show
users the
actual
Data that
their new
system
will
contain;
only Data
listed on
the
Diagram
can be
entered
into the
Database.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

12. The Physical Model is derived from the Conceptual Model. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

13. Age is a Non-volatile attribute. True or False.


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

14. Attributes that can be divided into smaller subparts are


called________________. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Volatile Attribute

Single Attribute

Composite Attribute (*)

Mandatory Attribute

Correct

15. To identify an attribute as part of a unique identifier on an ER diagram, the


# symbol goes in front of it. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

(Answer all questions in this section)


1. Transferable relationships can only be mandatory, not optional. True or False?
Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

2. One Relationship can be mandatory in one direction and optional in the other
direction. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

3. Relationship Names are optional. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 6.

4. Relationship Cardinality is important. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

5. Relationships represents something of significance to the business. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)
False
Correct
6. Which of
the Mark for Review
following (1) Points
would be
a logical
constraint
when
modeling
time for a
City
entity?
People are born in the city and people die in the city.

Cites may change their names and/or country association if the borders
of a country change. (*)
Daily traffic patterns must be monitored to determine how many law
enforcement officers are needed.
If you are doing a system for any French City, you would need security
clearance.
Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 8.

7. If Audit trail attributes are added to an entity, they must be in the entities
they are auditing. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

8. Normalization is the process of organizing the attributes and tables of a


relational database to minimize redundancy. Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct

9. Would it be a good idea to model age as an attribute of STUDENT?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
Yes, it would prevent our having to calculate someone's age every time
we need it.
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)

Sometimes, but not all of the time

Yes

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 9.

10. A table is in 2NF if


Mark for Review
(1) Points
It meets the requirements for the 1 NF.

Each non-key attribute is fully functional dependent on the table's


primary key.
Both (*)
None

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 9.


11. When you
resolve a Mark for Review
M:M, you (1) Points
simply re-
draw the
relationships
between the
two original
entities; no
new entities
are created.
True or
False?
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

12. Arcs are used to visually represent _________ between two or more
relationships in an ERD. Mark for Review
(1) Points
Inheritance

Exclusivity (*)

Sameness

Differences

Correct

13. A particular problem may be solved using either a Recursive Relationship


or a Hierarchical Relationship, though not at the same time. True or Mark for Review
False? (1) Points

True (*)

False

Correct

14. Arcs are Mandatory in Data modeling. All ERD's must have at least one
Arc. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

15. Which of the following would best be represented by an arc?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
TEACHER (Female, Bob)

DELIVERY ADDRESS (Home, Office) (*)

PARENT (Girl, Bob)


STUDENT (Grade A student, Average Student)
Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

. A Diamond
on a Mark for Review
relationship (1) Points
indicates the
Relationship
as Non-
Tranferable.
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct

2. Relationship Names are optional. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

3. Which of the following are true about Cardinality? (Choose two)


Mark for Review
(1) Points
(Choose all correct answers)
Cardinality specifies whether something is required or not.

Cardinality specifies only singularity or plurality, but not a specific


plural number. (*)
Cardinality specifies a counting number (like 1, 2, 3, 4 etc.) in a
relationship.
Cardinality tells "how many". (*)

Correct

4. Transferable relationships can only be mandatory, not optional. True or


False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

5. Matrix Diagrams show Optionality and Cardinality of the ERDs they


document. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

6. Would it
be a good Mark for Review
idea to (1) Points
model age
as an
attribute of
STUDENT?
Yes, it would prevent our having to calculate someone's age every time
we need it.
No - it breaks the Normalization rules (*)

Sometimes, but not all of the time

Yes

Correct

7. No commercial database systems in the world will accept tables that are not
on 3rd Normal Form. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

8. When is an entity in 2nd Normal Form?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
When all non-UID attributes are dependent upon the entire UID. (*)

When attributes with repeating or multi-values are removed.

When no attritibutes are mutually independent and all are fully


dependent on the primary key.
None of the Above.

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 9.

9. Historical data must never be kept. True or False?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
True

False (*)

Correct

10. If Audit trail attributes are added to an entity, they must be in the entities
they are auditing. True or False? Mark for Review
(1) Points
True (*)

False

Correct
11. Relationships
can be Mark for Review
Redundant. (1) Points
True or
False?
True (*)

False

Correct
12. Primary UIDs are:
Mark for Review
(1) Points
Useful as an alternative means of identifying instances of an entity,
independent of their datatype
Always comprised of numbers

Mandatory in data modeling

Something that each Entity should have, but is not mandatory (*)

Incorrect. Refer to Section 3 Lesson 7.

13. What do you call the entity created when you resolve a M:M
relationship? Mark for Review
(1) Points
M:M entity

Recursive entity

Inclusion entity

Intersection entity (*)

Correct

14. Which of the following would best be represented by an arc?


Mark for Review
(1) Points
PARENT (Girl, Bob)

TEACHER (Female, Bob)

DELIVERY ADDRESS (Home, Office) (*)

STUDENT (Grade A student, Average Student)

Correct

15. Which of the following pairs of entities is most likely to be modeled as a


M:M relationship? Mark for Review
(1) Points
TREE and BRANCH

PERSON and FINGERPRINT

TEACHER and SUBJECT AREA (*)

CAR and WHEEL

Correct