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Question No1: Give the details of road

networks of NHA with map…………?


ANSWER:
List of National Highways:
Sign Course Length (km) Lanes Completion Year Status

Karachi – Torkham
1819 4 1952 Operational
(N-5 National Highway)

Karachi – Gwadar
653 2 2003 Operational
(N-10 National Highway)

Mansehra – Chilas
240 2 - Operational
(N-15 National Highway)

Karachi – Chaman
813 2 - Operational
(N-25 National Highway)

Basima – Khuzdar
110 2 - Operational
(N-30 National Highway)

Hasan Abdal – Khunjerab Pass


806 2 1979 Operational
(N-35 National Highway)

Quetta – Taftan
610 2 - Operational
(N-40 National Highway)

Nowshera – Chitral
309 2 - Operational
(N-45 National Highway)

Kuchlak – Dera Ismail Khan


531 2 - Operational
(N-50 National Highway)

Kotri – Peshawar
1264 4 - Operational
(N-55 National Highway)

Lahore – Sargodha
185 6 - Operational
(N-60 National Highway)

Sibi – Sukkur
385 2 - Operational
(N-65 National Highway)

Qila Saifullah – Multan


447 2 - Operational
(N-70 National Highway)

Islamabad – Kohala
138 4 - Operational
(N-75 National Highway)

Islamabad – Kohat
146 2 - Operational
(N-80 National Highway)
Sign Course Length (km) Lanes Completion Year Status
Hushab – Surab
487 2 - Operational
(N-85 National Highway)

Khwazakhela – Besham
64 2 - Operational
(N-90 National Highway)

Chakdara – Kalam
135 2 - Operational
(N-95 National Highway)

Larkana – Lakhi
61 2 - Operational
(N-105 National Highway)

Gharo – Keti Bunder


90 2 - Operational
(N-110 National Highway)

Hyderabad – Khokhrapar
220 2 - Operational
(N-120 National Highway)

Taxila – Haripur
44 2 - Operational
(N-125 National Highway)

Larkana - Mohenjo Daro


28 2 - Operational
(N-155 National Highway)

Larkana - Nasirabad
34 2 - Operational
(N-255 National Highway)

Sakrand - Nawabshah
35 2 - Operational
(N-305 National Highway)

Larkana - Shahdadkot
50 2 - Operational
(N-455 National Highway)

List of StartegicHhighways:

Ratodero - Naudero
Name 18 2 -
(N-655 National Highway)

S-1 Gilgit - Skardu 167 km 2 1982

S-2 Kohala - Muzaffarabad 40 km 2 2016

S-3 Muzaffarabad - Chakothi 55 km 2 2010


Budget Goes To NHA:
The Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government unveiled its first annual budget in the
National Assembly. It was presented by State Minister for Revenue Hammad Azhar.
The session was chaired by Speaker AsadQaiser. The government set the budget amount
at Rs7,036 billion.
 Total outlay of the PSDP is Rs1.863 trillion.
The National Highway Authority is to get a share of Rs155.966 billion.
The Sukkur-Multan Motorway is to receive Rs19 billion.

National Highway Road Network Map:


Question No 02:
Enlist Domestic and
International routes of Pakistan
Railway with stations detail?
Pakistan Railway:
is the national, state-owned railway company of Pakistan. Founded in 1861 and
headquartered in Lahore, it owns 4,800 miles (7,791 km) of track across Pakistan
from Torkham to Karachi and operates freight and passenger service. Pakistan
Railways was also known as the Pakistan Western Railway from 1947 to 1974.

Network:
The Pakistan Railways network is divided into main lines and branch lines. The Karachi-
Peshawar line is the main north-south line, and the Rohri-Chaman line is the main east-
west line.

Domestic Routes
Main lines:
 Main Line 1 (ML-1) Karachi–Peshawar Line
 Main Line 2 (ML-2) Kotri–Attock Line
 Main Line 3 (ML-3) Rohri–Chaman Line
 Main Line 4 (ML-4) Quetta–Taftan Line
 Main Line 5 (ML-5) Taxila–Khunjerab Line

Branch lines:
 Hyderabad–Badin Branch Line
 Hyderabad–Khokhrapar Branch Line
 Bahawalnagar–Fort Abbas Branch Line
 Samasata–Amruka Branch Line
 Sher Shah–Kot Addu Branch Line
 Lodhran–Khanewal Branch Line

 Lodhran–Raiwind Branch Line

 Khanewal–Wazirabad Branch Line


 Shorkot–Sheikhupura Branch Line
 Shorkot–Lalamusa Branch Line
 Golra Sharif–Kohat Branch Line
 Nowshera–Dargai Railway
 Bannu–Tank Branch Line
 Daud Khel–LakkiMarwat Branch Line
 Malakwal–Khushab Branch Line
 Sangla Hill–Kundian Branch Line
 Lahore–Wagah Branch Line
 Shahdara Bagh–Sangla Hill Branch Line
 Shahdara Bagh–ChakAmru Branch Line
 Wazirabad–Narowal Branch Line

Main Lines With Stations:


Main Line 1:

Discription Establish Length Station Time Gauge

Karachi–
1,687
Peshawar 22 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
1881 kilometers 184
Line (Main hrs broad gauge
(1,048 mi)
Line 1)
Major stations
1. Karachi City
2. Karachi Cantonment
3. Kotri Junction
4. Hyderabad Junction > Hyderabad-Khokhrapar Branch Line, Hyderabad-Badin Branch
Line
5. Nawabshah Junction
6. Rohri Junction > Rohri–Chaman Line (Main Line 3)
7. Khanpur Junction
8. Lodhran Junction > Lodhran–Khanewal Branch Line, Lodhran–Raiwind Branch Line
9. Multan Cantonment
10. Multan City
11. Khanewal Junction > Khanewal–Wazirabad Branch Line
12. Lahore Cantonment
13. Lahore Junction > Lahore–Wagah Branch Line
14. Shahdara Bagh Junction > Shahdara Bagh–Sanga Hill Branch Line and Shahdara Bagh–
ChakAmru Branch Line
15. Wazirabad Junction > Wazirabad–Narowal Branch Line
16. Lala Musa Junction > Shorkot–Lalamusa Branch Line
17. Jhelum
18. Rawalpindi
19. Taxila Junction
20. Hasan Abdal
21. Attock City
22. Nowshera Junction
23. Peshawar City
24. Peshawar Cantonment > Khyber train safari

Main Line 2:

Kotri–Attock 1,519 km 10 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)


1916 112
Line (Main Line 2) (944 mi) hrs broad gauge
Major stations
1) Kotri Junction
2) Jamshoro
3) Petaro
4) Sehwan Sharif
5) Dadu
6) Mohenjodaro
7) Larkana Junction
8) Habib Kot Junction
9) Jacobabad Junction
10) Kandkot
11) Kashmore
12) Rajanpur
13) Dera Ghazi Khan
14) Layyah
15) Bhakkar
16) Kundian Junction
17) Mianwali
18) Daud Khel Junction
19) Jand Junction
20) Basal Junction
21) Attock City Junction
Main Line 3:

Rohri–Chaman Line (Main 1906


296 km
40
10 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Line 3) (184 mi) hrs broad gauge

Major stations
 Rohri Junction > Karachi–Peshawar Line (Main Line 1)
 Sukkur
 Shikarpur
 Jacobabad Junction
 Dera Murad Jamali
 Sibi Junction
 Mach
 Spezand Junction
 Quetta > Quetta-Taftan Line
 Kuchlak
 Bostan
 Qilla Abdullah
 Chaman
International links:
Proposed link to Kandahar, Afghanistan
Main line 4:

Quetta–Taftan Line (Main 1902


163 km 4.25 Mixed
Line 4) (101 mi) hrs gauge

Major stations:
 Quetta
 Spezand Junction
 Nushki
 Ahmedwal
 Dalbandin
 NokKundi
 Koh-e-Taftan
 Boundary Pillar
 Mirjaveh
 Zahedan
International links:
Continues to Zahedan, Iran

International Railway Routes


India - Two rail links to India exist: the Thar Express from Jodhpur,
Rajasthan to Karachi and the Samjhauta Express from Delhi to Lahore.
Iran - Pakistan Railways is connected to the Islamic Republic of Iran
Railways at Zahedan, where a break-of-gauge exists between
the 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) Quetta–Taftan Railway Line and
the 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) Kerman–Zahedan line. The link was completed on 18 May
2007.

Q#3:Write a brief detail on Air space of Pakistan?


Pakistan Airspace:
Pakistan Airspace is partitioned into 02 Flight Information Regions (FIRs) for example Karachi
and Lahore FIRs. Lahore FIR incorporates Pakistan airspace North of scope 300 North while
Karachi FIR incorporates Pakistan airspace south of scope 300 North just as those segments of
high oceans (upto 2330N) where the obligation regarding arrangement of ATS rest with
Pakistan.

Area Control Centers :


The services in respective FIRs are given by Karachi and Lahore Area Control Centers (ACCs).
Karachi ACC is additionally subdivided into 4 control segments (East, west, North and South)
while Lahore ACC has 03 control areas (East, West Upper and West Lower).

Route help offices They are situated at air terminals across the country to give fundamental
navigational direction to pilots. The offices comprise of three principle components:

i)The Non Directional Guide (NDB) and High Recurrence Omni Directional Range (VOR) show
the heading to air terminals for flying machine.

ii)The Separation Estimating Gear (DME) demonstrates the separation among airplane and air
terminal.

iii)The Instrument Arrival Framework (ILS) demonstrates the ideal coast incline, which helps
land the flying machine at the centerline of the runway.

Administrators using Pakistan airspace/Air terminals: notwithstanding Pakistani administrators,


the administrations of Pakistan ANS are being used by 19 worldwide carriers at 04 noteworthy
air terminals of Pakistan for example Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and Peshawar though 88
timetable administrators are using the administrations while overflying Pakistan airspace.

Q#4 Briefly explain the water ways of Pakistan


with ports?
Water ways :
Pakistan has a 650-mile-long coastline along the Arabian Sea, itself part of the bigger Indian
Sea. Ending at the Arabian Ocean, the incomparable Indus the Indus one of the longest rivers in
the world, and the volume of its Waterway depletes the whole nation, except for Balochistan’
far western desert. A length of around 1,800 miles makes normal yearly stream is double the
Nile’s. The Indus River starts high in the Tibetan Himalayas, crosses into India and then enters
Pakistan, moving in the direction of the southwest and moving through the heart of the
country.
Karachi port:
• Karachi Port is the hub of Pakistan's entire economic
activities as 98 per cent of the entire foreign trade is
conducted through this port. The existing Port started
taking shape in 1854.

• Few years later, Manora Breakwater, Keamari Groin,


Napier Mole Bridge, Native Jetty and the Chinna Creek
were started which gave initial shape to the port. In 1882
construction of wharves was started.

Port Muhammad Bin (PQA):


• Construction work on Port Qasim started in 1976. The
port is located 50 kms from city of Karachi. It is designed
to provide integrated port facilities to adjacent industrial
and commercial establishment and is administered by
Port Qasim Authority (PQA).

• Port Qasim is Pakistan's second busiest port, handling


about 35% of the nation's cargo (17 million tons per
annum).

GAWADAR DEEP SEA PORT:


• Gawadar is situated at about 290 nautical miles via sea
west of Karachi on Mekran Coast. As a full-fledged
deep-water port it will become a regional hub, an
alternate to the Gulf ports while serving as trans¬
shipment/transit port. The port is connected with the
airport road by a 5-km long road. Once complete, will
eventually handle dry cargo vessels of 100,000 DWT
and oil tankers of 200,000 DWT.

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