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Textile Internship

Objectives:
To understand the concept of spun yarn production, grey fabric(both woven and knitted)
production, dyeing,
printing and finishing of fabric, textile testing and their quality aspects both technical as well
as for commercial purposes.

Contents:
I. Internship Report/ Document submission timeline:
Each Student group needs to submit one hard copy of the document, as a GREEN COLOR
(e.g., … )
hardbound report and a soft copy to the department.
II. Nature of the Internship Report/Document:
The report should not be more than a 5000-6000 words typed A4 size document. It should be
divided into following parts:

Part-I
I. Certificate for conducting the internship from the respective organization
II. Introduction
III. Objective of internship
iv. Company profile/ Company details
v. Organization Chart
vi. Process Flow of the company with time duration for each activity / process

Part-II, III, IV, etc…


The report on each assignment (atleast three) conducted department/section wise as
mentioned below must be given as separate parts (e.g., Part II, III, IV, etc…)

Part-V
The learning experience with reference to a single most interesting incident during the course
of internship should be described in not more than 400 words.

DEPARTMENT/SECTIONWISE GUIDELINES FOR THE TEXTILE INTERNSHIP

Assignment –I ( Four Days):

Observations to be made and information to be documented on the Yarn


manufacturing and Winding section:

Get the machinery features, machine and material process parameters available in detail in
the areas as
mentioned below:

A. Raw material storage and inspection section. Detail documentation of the raw materials
(fiber/filament) - Its specifications, bale specifications, storage capacity its area measurement
and the brief layout. Fiber inspection and test methods followed in the concerned
manufacturing unit.

B. Blow room section.

Detail information on the opening & cleaning methods followed – their timings, type of
input/feed system,
etc..., mixing/blending ratios and the machineries used for this purpose. Detail information on
the input material and the output materials’ specifications, productions per day per machine,
etc...

C. Carding section.
Detail information on the carding machine and process. Machine specifications like draft
(carding ratio), input weights, wire pin specifications (angle, material, etc...), different rollers in
the carding machines, output material specifications (linear density, productions per day per
machine, etc...).

D. Drawing section.

Detail information on the draft and doubling, machine detail, number of draw frames in use in
sequence,
production per day per machine, etc...

E. Combing section.

Detail information on the combing process and the machines in use with productions.

F. Roving section.

Detail information on the roving process and the machines in use with productions.

G. Spinning section.

Detail information on the spinning process and the machines in use with productions, output
yarn count, etc...

H. Yarn storing techniques and their testing methods.

I. Winding & Sizing section.

i) Warp winding section – Sectional warping, warp beam and weavers’ beam preparation, sizing
section- machineries, production techniques, size paste ingredients, etc...

ii) Weft winding section – Autoconer m/c, Rotoconer m/c, other weft winding m/cs., winding
process,
production details, etc...

Students are also advised to observe at least one problem from this section frequently
occurring and the
plausible solution of that problem as a case.

Assignment –II ( Four Days):

Observations to be made and information to be documented on the


weaving section:

Get the machinery features, machine and material process parameters available in detail in
the areas as
mentioned below:

J. Weaving section. Different types of looms and their features and specifications like WIR, rpm,
production in length and weight, attachments if any like dobby, types of fabrics produced,
fabric designing, efficiency, stop motions, safety measures, product defects, waste percentage,
layout of the weaving section etc…
Students are also advised to observe at least one problem from this section frequently
occurring and the
plausible solution of that problem as a case.

Assignment –III ( Four Days):


Observations to be made and information to be documented on the Knitted
Fabric
manufacturing section:

Get the machinery features, machine and material process parameters available in detail in
the areas as
mentioned below:

K. Knitting section. Different types of knitting machines & knitting processes, like flat bed and
circular bed
machines, their features and specifications like gauge, diameter, productivity, product defects,
wastages,
attachments if any like jacquard, etc..., process details, machine layout, warp knitting & warp
knitting, machine control and safety measures, product details, knitted designs.

Students are also advised to observe at least one problem from this section frequently
occurring and the
plausible solution of that problem as a case.

Assignment –IV ( Four Days):

Observations to be made and information to be documented on the Dyeing


section:

Get the machinery features, machine and material process parameters available in detail in
the areas as
mentioned below:

L.
i) Preparatory section. Processes namely, singeing, desizing, scouring, bleaching,
mercerization, etc..., to be
observed and documentation on process parametric controls, chemicals used, machineries
used, etc..., are to be made.

ii) Dyeing section. Different stages of dyeing like, Fiber dyeing, Yarn dyeing, Fabric dyeing.
Different methods of dyeing like H.T.H.P., Winch, Jigger, etc... Dyeing of various types of
blended materials like Polyester-cotton, Polyester-viscose, Polyester-wool, etc..., apart from
100% pure textile materials. Documentation on the process detail like chemicals used, process
parameters, & control, special features of each type of machineries, productivity, product
detail, faults and wastages, safety measures, etc...
Students are also advised to observe at least one problem from this section frequently
occurring and the
plausible solution of that problem as a case.

Assignment –V ( Four Days):

Observations to be made and information to be documented on the Printing


section:

Get the machinery features, machine and material process parameters available in detail in
the areas as
mentioned below:

M.
i) Preparatory section. Processes namely, singeing, desizing, scouring, bleaching,
mercerization, etc..., to be
observed and documentation on process parametric controls, chemicals used, machineries
used, etc..., are to be made.
ii) Printing section. Different styles of printing; printing process detail, print paste ingredients,
machineries used, printing screen making techniques, productivity, product detail, faults and
wastages, safety measures, etc...

Students are also advised to observe at least one problem from this section frequently
occurring and the
plausible solution of that problem as a case.

Assignment –VI ( Four Days):

Observations to be made and information to be documented on the Testing


and Quality
control sections:

N. Textile testing section. Fiber testing, yarn testing, and fabric testing. Testing of different
textile materials- their Physical, Mechanical, Morphological properties, Colour fastness
properties, etc..... Test method procedural details and the instruments used to be documented.
Documentation on yarn defects, fabric defects, dyeing and printing defects commonly found in
the industry. Students are also advised to observe at least one problem from this section
frequently occurring and the plausible solution of that problem as a case.

Evaluation Criteria:
Learning Diary 40
Viva 10
Presentation 20
Report/Dissertation 30
Total 100

Learning Outcome:

Flow process sequence and Technical details on machine particulars of spinning, weaving,
knitting,
dyeing, printing, finishing, etc… sections.

Particulars of raw material, intermediate products and final product, process details, product
quality
parameters.

Particulars of the manufacturing environment.

Human resource management.

Productivity analysis for various processes.

NOTE:
• The students are supposed to complete at least three of the above mentioned
assignments working in
atleast three sections.

Students working in groups of 4 or 5 will have to cover 5 assignments.

• In case any student finds more than three sections available in the factory, the
time allocated for
carrying out the assignments in each section may be suitably adjusted to cover all
the sections
available.

• The Project deliverables/results should be quantified as far as possible. Weightage


would be given to
the facts and statistics during evaluation of the report.

Students have to maintain learning dairy thought the duration of the Internship. &
submit the same during the jury.