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Electric Fields

Achmad Prayogi

Departemen Fisika, FMIPA Universitas Indonesia 1


Outlines
• Properties of electric charges
• Insulators and Conductors
• Coulomb’s Law
• The Electric Field
• Electric Field and Continuous Charge Distribution
• Electric Field Lines
• Motion of Charged Particles in the Uniform Electric
Field

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Introduction

• The electromagnetic force between charged


particles is one of the fundamental forces of
nature
• In this chapter, we will discuss about Coulomb’s
law, which is one of fundamental law governing the
force between any two charged particles
• Next, we introduce the concept of an electric
field associated with a charge distribution and
describe its effect on other charge particles

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Introduction

• How to use Coulomb’s law to calculate the electric


field for a given charge distribution
• Motion of the charged particle in a uniform
electric field

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Section 1: Properties of Electric
Charge
• A number of simple experiments demonstrate the
existence of electric forces and charges. For
example, after running a comb through your hair
on a dry day, you will find that the comb attracts
bits of paper. The attractive force is often strong
enough to suspend the paper. The same effect
occurs when materials such as glass or rubber are
rubbed with silk or fur.

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Section 1: Properties of Electric
Charge
• In a series of simple experiments, it is found that
there are two kinds of electric charges, which
were given the names positive and negative by
Benjamin Franklin (1706 – 1790).

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Section 1: Properties of
Electric Charge

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Section 1: Properties of
Electric Charge

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Section 1: Properties of
Electric Charge

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Section 2: Insulators and
Conductors

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Charging a metallic object by
induction

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The Charged Object induces
charges on the surface of an
insulator

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Coulomb’s Law

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Coulomb’s Law

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Charge and Mass of the
electron, Proton, and Neutron

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The Hydrogen Atom

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Force of Particles in Vector Form

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Example of Coulomb’s Law

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Example of Coulomb’s Law

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Electric Field

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Electric Field

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Example of Electric Field Problem

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Electric Field of a Continuous
Charge Distribution

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Problem Examples

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Problem Examples

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Electric Field Lines

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Rules Drawing Electric Fields

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Motion Charged Particles in a
Uniform Electric Fields

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