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Lesson Plan- Science

Objective: Identify beneficial microorganisms and explain why they are beneficial.
T will write on the board the words SALMONELLA and E. COLI. And will draw a happy face and an
angry face. T will ask Ss’ if these microorganisms are harmful or helpful. Ss’ will choose the correct
face (angry face)
Teacher has a bag with some objects in it. (Realia) T will invite to Ss’ to come to the front of the
class, T will ask the Ss’ to close his/her eyes. T will give the Ss’ an object, the Ss’ will touch the
object, will smell the object and the Ss’ will have to guess what the object is and to write on the
board the name of the object. (The objects are: milk, yogurt, bread, cheese, penicillin)T will ask
the Ss’ to go to his/her seat, and then T will show to the class the other objects (yeast, old bread or
fruit with mold, plant). T will ask Ss’ to go to the board to write the names of the new objects.
1) Introduction –
The teacher explains that some bacteria can be helpful because they help people, plants
to live healthy. T draw the following a chart on the board and explain.
Helpful What do they do? Where are they?
Bacteria Help your body to break down the food we eat. Turn milk In our bodies .
into yogurt, help make certain kinds of cheeses. In the soil near
fruit trees.
Mold It is used to make penicillin. In the soil, in the
air, everywhere.
Fungi They help dead things to decay, or break down. Removes In the soil.
waste from Earth. Make the soil good for plants.
Yeast It makes bread dough rise. In the soil.

2) Practice
a. T will group Ss and will give them some written information in different envelopes
(Unscrambled words to make sentences, Incomplete sentences, Incomplete chart
)Ss will change envelopes between them in order all groups make all activities.
b. T will put a card board with incomplete information.
c. T will give Ss pieces of paper with certain information about the class.
d. Ss will put the information on the correct place on the card board
e. The students copy the lesson (chart) in their notebooks.
3) Production
1) Students will explain with their own words that they like the most.
2) Ss will talk about things they know.
3) Ss will talk about a new thing they learned today.
4) Students will choose the correct answer .


Which kind of microorganism turns milk into a. Yeast
yogurt? b. algae
c. bacteria b. Phytoplankton.
d. phytoplankton c. Yeast.
Which kind of microorganism makes d. Bacteria.
penicillin? Which is a beneficial microorganism?
a. Bacteria a. Salmonella that causes you to be
b. protist sick.
c. mold b. Mold that produces penicillin.
d. algae c. Algae that causes red tide.
d. fungus that causes ringworm
Which microorganism does a baker add to
bread dough to make it rise?
a. Penicillin.


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