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Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Reinforced Concrete Slab A slab is a two

Reinforced Concrete Slab

A slab is a two dimensional structure, it carries load primary by bending action and transfers the load to the supporting beams or walls and sometimes directly to columns. A structural section to be considered as a slab, the minimum span shall not be less than four times the overall slab thickness. Slab is used to from a variety of building elements like floors, roof, stair cases etc

Classification of slabs

I. Based on support condition

Edge supported:-each corner of the slab is supported by beams

supported:-each corner of the slab is supported by beams  Edge unsupported:-the corner of the slab

Edge unsupported:-the corner of the slab is free from beam support; the slab is rest on columns (Flat Slab).

from beam support; the slab is rest on columns (Flat Slab). II. Based on structural section

II. Based on structural section

Solid:- A slab that is uniform in section

section  Solid:- A slab that is uniform in section  Ribbed:- A slab that has

Ribbed:- A slab that has a variation in section or hole in the slab.

 Ribbed:- A slab that has a variation in section or hole in the slab. Surafel
 Ribbed:- A slab that has a variation in section or hole in the slab. Surafel
 Ribbed:- A slab that has a variation in section or hole in the slab. Surafel

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I III. Based on structural action  One way

III. Based on structural action

One way slabs They transfer load in one direction (In the short direction)

-Long dimension

-Short dimension

≥ 2

Two way slabs They transfer load in two directions.

-Long dimension

-Short dimension

< 2

in two directions. -Long dimension -Short dimension < 2 EBCS-2 recommendation on designing of slabs Thickness

EBCS-2 recommendation on designing of slabs

Thickness The following minimum thicknesses shall be adopted in design:

60 mm for slabs not exposed to concentrated loads (e.g. inaccessible roofs)

80 mm for slabs exposed mainly to distributed loads.

100 mm for slabs exposed to light moving concentrated loads (e.g. slabs accessible to light motor vehicles)

120 mm for slabs exposed to heavy dynamic moving loads (e.g. slabs accessible to heavy vehicles)

150 mm for slabs on point supports (e.g. flat slabs)

Flexural Reinforcement

The ratio of the secondary reinforcement to the main reinforcement shall be at least equal to 0.2.

The geometrical ratio of main reinforcement in a slab shall not be less than

=

0.5

The spacing between main bars for slabs shall not exceed the smaller of 2D or 350 mm.

The spacing between secondary bars shall not exceed 400 mm.

or 350 mm.  The spacing between secondary bars shall not exceed 400 mm. Surafel T.
or 350 mm.  The spacing between secondary bars shall not exceed 400 mm. Surafel T.

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Analysis and design of one-way solid slabs If

Analysis and design of one-way solid slabs

If a slab is said to be one way then the ratio of the larger dimension to the short one is greater than or equal to 2. This means the main reinforcement runs in one direction only.

means the main reinforcement runs in one direction only. The analysis carried out by assuming a

The analysis carried out by assuming a beam of unit width (shaded area of 1m width in the above picture) with a depth equal to the thickness of the slab and effective span length equal to the distance between the supports. The strip of unit width may be analyzed in the same way as singly reinforced rectangular section beam. As the loads being transmitted to the supported beam, all reinforcement shall be placed at right angles to these beams. However some additional bars may be placed in the other direction to carry temperature and shrinkage stresses. Generally, the design consists of selecting a slab thickness for deflection requirements and flexural design carried out by considering the slab as a series of rectangular beams side by side.

To calculate spacing between bars, by selecting the diameter of the bar, a s = 1000

The maximum spacing between bars is

= 2 ,

350

Minimum area of steel

≥ 0.5

bars is = 2 , ℎ ℎ 350 Minimum area of steel ≥ 0.5 Surafel T.
bars is = 2 , ℎ ℎ 350 Minimum area of steel ≥ 0.5 Surafel T.

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Design Example Design the floor system of an

Design Example

Design the floor system of an Exhibition room which consists of one-way solid slab supported by beams. It also subjected to a uniform load of 3KN/m 2 for partition wall. Use concrete C25 and steel S300 class I works and the floor finish is ceramic tile.

Solution

class I works and the floor finish is ceramic tile. Solution + 0.0035 = 0.0253 0.0035

+ 0.0035 = 0.0253

0.0035

200000

260.87

Design constant

1.25 =

=

= 0.85

=

=

25

1.25 = 20

=

0.85 × 20

ϒ

=

1.5

= 11.33

300

1.15 = 260.87

ϒ

0.8

=

260.87

0.8 × 11.33 = 28.78

=

= 200,000

+ = 0.8

= = 0.0035

= 0.8

260.87

11.33

To assure ductility

= 0.75 = 0.019

= 0.8 260.87 11.33 To assure ductility = 0.75 = 0.019  Check of one-way structural

Check of one-way structural action

Panel

Lx

(m)

Ly (m)

 

≥ 2

1

3

7

2.33>2 ,one-way

2

3

7

2.33>2 ,one-way

3

3.5

7

2 =2 ,one-way

Depth for deflection

= 0.4 + 0.6

400

2 =2 ,one-way  Depth for deflection = 0.4 + 0.6 400 Panel Le (mm) d(mm)

Panel

Le

(mm)

d(mm)

1

3000

24

106.25

2

3000

24

106.25

3

3500

24

123.96

24 106.25 2 3000 24 106.25 3 3500 24 123.96 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
24 106.25 2 3000 24 106.25 3 3500 24 123.96 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Take the maximum value d=123.96mm Overall depth D
School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Take the maximum value d=123.96mm Overall depth D

Take the maximum value d=123.96mm

Overall depth D will be

Using

15mm concrete cover

Using ϕ10 reinforcement bar bottom

Using ϕ8 reinforcement bar transverse direction

D=123.96 + 15 + 10/2 =143.96mm, use 150mm

d=150-15-10/2=130mm

d 1 =150-15-10-8/2=121mm

Design Load

 Dead load
 Dead load

From EBCS-1, Table 2.8 Flooring and Walling, for PVC covering (Ceramic

tile) the density is 16kN/m 3 and its thickness=20mm

The density of the cement screed form EBCS-1 Table 2.1 =23kN/m 3 and its 3 and its

thickness=30mm

The density of C25 concrete is =25kN/m 3 3

Self-weight of the slab = 0.15 × 25 / = 3.75 /

Cement screed= 0.03 × 23 / = 0.69 /

Ceramic tile = 0.02 × 16 / = 0.32 /

Partition load = 3 /

-------------------------------------

Total dead load DL=3.75 + 0.69 + 0.32 + 3 = 7.76kN/m 2

Live load Form EBCS-1, Table 2.9 category B C3, and form Table 2.10 we get the value

LL=5kN/m 2

By considering one meter strip the design load will be = 1.3 + 1.6 = 1.35 × 7.76 + 1.5 × 5 = (10.476 + 7.5) / = Design dead load + Design Live load = (10.476 + 7.5)kN/m

+ 7.5) / = Design dead load + Design Live load = (10.476 + 7.5)kN/m Surafel
+ 7.5) / = Design dead load + Design Live load = (10.476 + 7.5)kN/m Surafel

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Analysis The variations in live load in

Analysis

The variations in live load in different panels will result different bending moment values. We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis.

We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
We use a Structural Analysis program called SAP2000 to do the analysis. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Summarizing the values Loading Span AB Span BC
Summarizing the values Loading Span AB Span BC Span CD type Moment(KN.m) Moment(KN.m) Moment(KN.m) Span(Field)
Summarizing the values
Loading
Span AB
Span BC
Span CD
type
Moment(KN.m)
Moment(KN.m)
Moment(KN.m)
Span(Field)
Support
Support
Span(Field)
Support
Support
Span(Field)
1
13.605
13.236
13.236
0
11.017
11.017
10.993
2
6.406
12.211
12.211
6.548
15.140
15.140
9.225
3
8.125
7.142
7.142
0
18.590
18.590
18.997
4
12.417
16.667
16.667
4.827
14.115
14.115
9.645
5
6.949
10.583
10.583
4.088
21.688
21.688
17.669
6
12.960
15.049
15.049
2.367
20.663
20.663
18.108
Maximum
13.605
16.667
16.667
6.548
21.668
21.688
18.997

Design the section for flexure (moment) M max =21.688kN.m, b=1000mm, = 260.87 = 0.75 = 0.019

=

0.2952 =

Reinforcement

21.688 × 10 0.2952 1000 11.33 = 79.80 < 130 … . !

d=130mm, d 1 =121mm, b=1000mm, = 11.33 , = 260.87

The maximum spacing between bars is

= 2 ,

350

Minimum area of steel

= 2 × 150 = 300

350

=300mm

≥ 0.5

0.5 × 1000 × 130

=

300

= 216.67

= 1 − 1 −

=

, = , =

× 10

4

= 78.54

,

Minimum reinforcements is needed in transverse direction; using ϕ8 reinforcement bar

d 1 =121mm

=

0.5

0.5 × 1000 × 121

=

300

= 201.67

=

×

=

50.27 , =

× .

.

=

= 249.27 , = 400

Use ϕ8 C/C 240

, = × . . = = 249.27 , = 400 U s e ϕ8 C/C
, = × . . = = 249.27 , = 400 U s e ϕ8 C/C

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Location Moment ≤ 0.019 = Spacing S

Location

Moment

≤ 0.019

=

Spacing S

Actual S

(KN.m)

(mm)

(mm)

(mm

2 )

Field-AB

13.605

0.003204

416.54

188.55

180

Support-B

16.667

0.003961

514.94

152.52

150

Field-BC

6.548

0.001512

196.5 ≅216.67

399.69300

300

Support-C

21.668

0.005230

679.86

115.53

110

Field-CD

18.997

0.004547

591.11

132.87

130

Reinforcement detail

18.997 0.004547 591.11 132.87 130  Reinforcement detail Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 9
18.997 0.004547 591.11 132.87 130  Reinforcement detail Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 9
18.997 0.004547 591.11 132.87 130  Reinforcement detail Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 9

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Analysis and Design of Two-Way Solid Slabs Tow-way

Analysis and Design of Two-Way Solid Slabs

Tow-way slab are a floor system whose individual panel are rectangular and the ratio of the larger to smaller span is less than 2. They are composed of rectangular panels, supported at all four edges by beams or walls stiff enough to be treated as unyielding.

The general procedure to design two-way slabs

1. Depth determination The minimum effective depth for deflection can be calculated as

0.4 + 0.6

The overall depth D can be calculated = + concrete cover + Longitudinal reinforcement

400

2

Note that the reinforcement is in both directions

2. Design load calculation Base on the limit state design method, the design load P d is computed as follows

= 1.35 + 1.5 Where

DL

is dead load including self-weight of the slab, partition wall, finishing etc…

LL

live load

3. Analysis of individual panels (Moment) The first step is to determine support and span moments for all panels. The support

and span moments are calculated as follows

= is the design moment per unit width at the point of reference.

= the coefficient given in EBCS-2 Table A-1 as a function of (L y /L x ) and support

condition of the panel. = Longer span of the panel = Shorter span of the panel The subscript (i) has the following meaning S=support f=field (span) x=direction of shorter span y=direction of longer span

In table A-1 of EBCS-1 if the value of the aspect ratio (L y /L x ) is between two values then use linear interpolation. This method is intended for slabs with uniformly distributed loads. If a slab is subjected to a concentrated or line loads, in addition to a uniform load, these can generally be treated by considering them as equivalent uniform loads using Reynould’s method, provided that the sum of the non-uniform loads on panel does not exceed 20% of the total load.

4. Adjustments of support and span moment

=

= is a uniformly distributed design load

I. Support Moment Adjustment Let MR > ML If (MR - ML)/ MR * 100 < 20% then the design moment Md M d = (MR+ML)/2 If (MR- ML)/ MR * 100 ≥ 20% then distribute using their relative stiffness.

M L )/ M R * 100 ≥ 20% then distribute using their relative stiffness. Surafel
M L )/ M R * 100 ≥ 20% then distribute using their relative stiffness. Surafel

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I = − = − + + ∆ =
School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I = − = − + + ∆ =

=

=

+

+

=

1

1

+

1

=

1

1

+

1

=

,

,

=

>

=

>

<

>

II. Span Moment Adjustment If the support moment is decreased, the span moment M xf and M yf are then increased to allow for changes of support moments.

= +

= + Where = , , = coefficients for adjusting span moments given in EBCS-2 Table A-2 If the support moment is increased, no adjustment shall be made to the span moment.

moment is increased, no adjustment shall be made to the span moment. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
moment is increased, no adjustment shall be made to the span moment. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
moment is increased, no adjustment shall be made to the span moment. Surafel T. Date:-November 29,

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I 5. Check the depth for flexure ≥ 0.2952

5. Check the depth for flexure

0.2952

If not satisfy, revise the design with a new depth calculated using the above equation.

6. Reinforcement design for flexure We can calculate the reinforcement area using equation or design chart. For a given and calculated data of

Material data C- and S-

Effective depth(d) ,Width(b=1000mm) and Design moment(M d )

I. Using equation

= 1 − 1 −

2

=

II. Using design chart

=

= To calculate spacing between bars, by selecting the diameter of the bar, a s = 1000

Compare the above design spacing S, with the minimum provision given by our code.

=

0.5

=

2

350

7. Reinforcement detail The reinforcement bars can be detailed in such a way that at least 50% of the positive bars is extended into the support. The negative bars may be terminated at a distance of L x /4 to L x /3 from the respective centerline point of the support.

8. Load transfer to frames The design load on beams supporting solid slabs spanning into two direction at right angles supporting distributed load may be assessed from the following equations.

=

= EBCS-2 Table A-3 gives a value of load transfer coefficient , and the assumed distribution of this loading is shown below.

, and the assumed distribution of this loading is shown below. Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017
, and the assumed distribution of this loading is shown below. Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017
, and the assumed distribution of this loading is shown below. Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Design Example Design the floor system of an

Design Example

Design the floor system of an office building. Load form partition 2kN/m 2 , from floor finishing and screed 1kN/m 2 .Using C25 and S300 class I works.

25 1.25 = 20 = 1.25 = = 0.85 0.85 × 20 = = 11.33
25
1.25 = 20
=
1.25 =
= 0.85
0.85 × 20
=
= 11.33
ϒ
1.5
300
=
1.15 = 260.87
=
ϒ
=

= = 0.0035

= 0.8

= 200,000

+

= 0.8

260.87

11.33

+ 0.0035 = 0.0253

0.0035

200000

260.87

Solution

Design constant

To assure ductility

= . = .

Step 1 :- Depth determination

= 0.4 + 0.6

400

panel

L

x

L

y

L

y /L x <2

d(mm)

 

1 4000

4000

 

1

40

85

 

2 4000

6000

 

1.5

35

97.143

 

3 4000

5000

 

1.25

37.5

90.67

 

4 5000

6000

 

1.2

38

111.84

 

Maximum

111.84

Overall depth D will be using

15mm concrete cover

Using ϕ10 reinforcement bar bottom (it run perpendicular to the Longer span)

Using ϕ10 reinforcement bar transverse direction (above the bars that runs perpendicular to the longer span, which runs parallel to the longer span.)

= + concrete cover + Longitudinal reinforcement

2

= 111.84 + 15

+ 10

2

= 131.84

Let provide a minimum thickness for slab with concentrated load

D=150mm

d=150-15-10/2=130mm

d 1 =150-15-10-10/2=120mm

concentrated load D=150mm d=150-15-10/2=130mm d 1 =150-15-10-10/2=120mm Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 13
concentrated load D=150mm d=150-15-10/2=130mm d 1 =150-15-10-10/2=120mm Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 13

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 2 :- Design load calculation  

Step 2 :- Design load calculation

 

Dead load

 
The density of C25 concrete is =25kN/m 3

The density of C25 concrete is =25kN/m 3

 

Self-weight of the slab = 0.15m × 25KN/m = 3.75kN/m

 

Floor finishing and screed= 1kN/m

 

Partition load = 2 /

 
 

-------------------------------------

 
 

Total dead load DL=3.75 + 1+ 2 = 6.75kN/m 2

 

Live load Form EBCS-1, Table 2.9 category B C1, and form Table 2.10 we get the value

 

LL=3kN/m 2

 

= 1.35 + 1.5 = 1.35 × 6.75 + 1.5 × 3 = 13.6125 N/m

 

Step 3 :- Analysis of individual panels (Moment)

 
 

P d =13.6125kN/m 2

 

=

Panel

Support

L

y /L x

L

x 2

         

M

xs

M

xf

M

ys

M

yf

Condition

m

α

xs

α

xf

α

ys

α

yf

 

kN.m

kN.m

kN.m

kN.m

1

7

 

1

 

16

 

0.058

 

0.044

 

0

0.044

 

12.632

9.583

 

0

9.583

2

6

 

1.5

 

16

 

0

 

0.078

 

0.045

0.034

   

0

16.988

9.801

7.405

3

4

1.25

 

16

 

0.066

 

0.049

 

0.047

0.036

 

14.375

10.672

10.237

7.841

4

8

 

1.2

 

25

 

0

 

0.063

 

0.058

0.044

   

0

21.440

19.738

14.974

  0.058 0.044     0 21.440 19.738 14.974 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 14
  0.058 0.044     0 21.440 19.738 14.974 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 14
  0.058 0.044     0 21.440 19.738 14.974 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 14

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 4 :- Adjustments of support and

Step 4 :- Adjustments of support and span moment

I.

II.

Support Moment Adjustment

Adjustment between panel 1 and panel 2

M

L =12.632kN.m

M

R =9.801kN.m

100% = 12.632 − 9.801

12.632

× 100% = 22.41% > 20%

=

1

= 12.632 −

1

1

+

1

4

4 × (12.632 − 9.801)

1

1

4 +

= 11.217 .

Adjustment between panel 2 and panel 3

M

L =9.801kN.m

M

R =10.237kN.m

100% = 10.237 − 9.801

10.237

× 100% = 4.26% < 20%

10.237 + 9.801

=

2

=

10.019 .

Adjustment between panel 3 and panel 4

M

L =14.375kN.m

M

R =19.738kN.m

100% = 19.738 − 14.375

19.738

× 100% = 27.17% > 20%

=

1

=

1

1

+

19.738 −

1

5

4 (19.738 − 14.375)

1

1

5 +

= 17.514 .

Span Moment Adjustment

Panel 1

= = 12.632 − 11.2165 = 1.4185

= 0.380

=

= 0.280

+ = 9.583 + 0.28 × 1.4185 = 9.980 .

=

+ = 9.583 + 0.38 × 1.4185 = 10.080 .

Panel 3

= = 10.237 − 10.019 = 0.218

= 0.332

= 0.154

= + = 10.672 + 0.332 × 0.218 = 10.744

= + = 7.841 + 0.154 × 0.218 = 7.875

× 0.218 = 10.744 = + ∆ = 7.841 + 0.154 × 0.218 = 7.875 Surafel
× 0.218 = 10.744 = + ∆ = 7.841 + 0.154 × 0.218 = 7.875 Surafel

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Panel 4 ∆ = − = 19.738

Panel 4

= = 19.738 − 17.514 = 2.224

= 0.172

= 0.338

=

= + = 21.440 + 0.338 × 2.224 = 22.192

+ = 14.974 + 0.172 × 2.224 = 15.357

= 22.192 + ∆ = 14.974 + 0.172 × 2.224 = 15.357  Step 5 :-

Step 5 :- Check the depth for flexure = 22.192 . , = 260.87 , = 0.019, b=1000mm

=

0.2952 =

22.192 × 10 0.2952 1000 11.33 = 81.46 < 120 … . !

Step 6 :- Reinforcement design for flexure

b=1000mm=1m, d1=120mm=0.12m, d=130mm=0.13m The maximum spacing between main bars is

= 2 ,

= 2 × 150 = 300

350

350

Minimum area of steel

≥ 0.5

0.5 × 1000 × 130

300

=

= 216.67

≥ 0.5

0.5 × 1000 × 120

=

300

= 200

=300mm

× 1000 × 130 300 = = 216.67 ≥ 0.5 0.5 × 1000 × 120 =
× 1000 × 130 300 = = 216.67 ≥ 0.5 0.5 × 1000 × 120 =

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I By using design table = → , =

By using design table

=

,

=

To calculate spacing between bars, by selecting the diameter of the bar, a s

= 1000

, =

× 10

4

= 78.54

   

d or

         

Location

 

Moment

d1

K

m

K

 

A

s

S

Provided

KN.m

s

 

2

Spacing

       

mm

mm

 

m

 
 

M

xs

11.217

0.13

25.763

3.999

345.05

228

220

M

xf

9.980

0.13

24.301

3.985

305.925

256.73

250

Panel 1

M

ys

             

M

yf

10.080

0.12

26.458

4.008

336.69

233.27

230

 

M

xs

             

M

xf

16.7

0.13

31.435

4.064

522.07

150.44

150

Panel 2

M

ys,R

9.85

0.13

24.142

3.984

301.86

260.18

260

M

yf

7.279

0.12

22.483

3.973

241

 

325.9

320

 

M

xs,L

9.85

0.13

24.142

3.984

301.86

260.18

260

M

xf

10.56

0.13

24.997

3.990

324.11

242.32

240

Panel 3

M

ys,R

17.13

0.13

31.837

4.068

536.04

146.52

140

M

yf

7.739

0.12

23.183

3.978

256.55

306.14

300

 

M

xs

             

M

xf

21.837

0.13

35.946

4.109

690.22

113.79

110

Panel 4

M

ys

17.13

0.13

31.837

4.068

536.04

146.52

140

M

yf

15.11

0.12

32.393

4.074

512.98

153.1

150

M yf 15.11 0.12 32.393 4.074 512.98 153.1 150 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 17
M yf 15.11 0.12 32.393 4.074 512.98 153.1 150 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 17

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 7 :- Reinforcement detail Surafel T.

Step 7 :- Reinforcement detail

Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 7 :- Reinforcement detail Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 7 :- Reinforcement detail Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 7 :- Reinforcement detail Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Step 8 :- Load transfer to frames

Step 8 :- Load transfer to frames

= =

P d =13.6125kN/m 2

 

Support

Condition

 

L

x

 

 

 

V

x

 

V

y

Panel

L

y /L x

           

Discont

   
   

m

Cont.

Discont.

Cont.

Discont.

Cont.

 

.

Cont.

Discont.

1

7

 

1

4

0.45

0.30

-

0.30

24.503

 

16.335

0

 

16.335

2

6

 

1.5

4

-

0.40

0.40

-

0

 

21.780

21.780

 

0

3

4

1.25

4

0.485

0.32

0.40

0.26

26.408

 

17.424

21.780

 

14.157

4

8

 

1.2

5

-

0.36

0.45

0.30

0

 

24.503

30.628

 

20.419

- 0.36 0.45 0.30 0   24.503 30.628   20.419 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
- 0.36 0.45 0.30 0   24.503 30.628   20.419 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
- 0.36 0.45 0.30 0   24.503 30.628   20.419 Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 20
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 20
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 20
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 20

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 21
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 21
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 21
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 21

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 22
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 22
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 22
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 22

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Design of one way ribbed Slab In one

Design of one way ribbed Slab

In one way ribbed slab, the supporting beams called joists or ribs are closely spaced. The ribbed floor is formed using temporary or permanent shuttering (form work) while the hollow block floor is generally constructed with block made of clay tiles or with concrete containing light weight aggregate. This type of floor is economical for buildings where there are long spans and light or moderate live loads such as in hospitals and apartment buildings.

General requirements:

Because joists are closely spaced, thickness of slab (topping), t slab ≥ 40 mm or 1/10 clear distance between ribs.

The topping shall be provided with a reinforcement mesh providing in each direction a cross sectional area not less than 0.001 of the section of the slab.

Unless calculation requires, minimum reinforcement to be provided for joists include two bars, where one is bent near the support and the other is straight.

Rib width b w ≥ 70 mm, and overall depth D j ≤ 4 b w,joist , excluding t slab

Rib spacing is generally less than 1m.

In case of rib spacing larger than 1m, the topping need to be designed as if supported on ribs (i.e. as one way solid slab between the ribs).

If the span of the ribs exceeds 6m, transverse ribs may be provided.

When transverse ribs are provided, the center to center distance shall not exceed 20 times the overall depth of the ribbed slab.

The transverse ribs shall be designed for at least half the values of maximum moments and shear force in the longitudinal ribs.

The girder supporting the joist may be rectangular or T-beam, with the flange thickness equal to the floor thickness.

Procedure for design of a floor system of ribbed slab:

1. Thickness of topping and ribs assumed based on minimum requirements.

2. Loads may be computed on the basis of center line of the spacing of joists.

3. The joists are analyzed as continuous T-beams supported by girders.

4. Determine flexural reinforcement and consider minimum provision in the final solution.

5. Provide the topping or slab with reinforcement as per temperature and shrinkage requirement.

6. Design the girder as a beam.

EBCS 2 - provisions Web-Flange Connections

6. Design the girder as a beam. EBCS 2 - provisions Web-Flange Connections Surafel T. Date:-November
6. Design the girder as a beam. EBCS 2 - provisions Web-Flange Connections Surafel T. Date:-November
6. Design the girder as a beam. EBCS 2 - provisions Web-Flange Connections Surafel T. Date:-November

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24
iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page 24

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I Design Example of one way Ribbed Slab Design

Design Example of one way Ribbed Slab

Design the floor system shown below which is made of ribbed slab. Dead load from partition wall plus floor finishing and HCB block =3.5kN/m 2 and floor Live Load =2kN/m 2 . Column dimension 30x30cm and Use Materials C30, S300 class I works.

30x30cm and Use Materials C30, S300 class I works . Step 1 Geometry  Effective depth

Step 1 Geometry

Effective depth of joist or rib Here Le = span of the joist = 5.5 m βa can be taken similar to flat slab = 24

= (0.4 + . )

=(0.4 + . )

=195mm

Using ϕ12, 15mm concrete cover, ϕ6 stirrups Over all depth D=195+15+6+12/2=222mm <260mm …………………Ok! Note: - overall depth (D) of the rib from the ribbed slab section is 260mm and its width

b w =80mm.

Use D=260mm

Overall depth of the joist D= 260mm≤ 4 bw = 4(80) = 320 mm.

D provided is OK!

Thickness of slab (topping),

40

∗ ( )

From the ribbed slab section, the clear distance between ribs=320mm and the thickness of the topping slab=60mm

distance between ribs=320mm and the thickness of the topping slab=60mm Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page
distance between ribs=320mm and the thickness of the topping slab=60mm Surafel T. Date:-November 29, 2017 Page

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I 40 = 60 ≥ 10 ∗ ( 3

40

= 60 10 (320 ) = 32 = 40 … … .

1

Step 2 Loading

Dead Load

Form self-weight topping slab + self-weight of the rib = (0.06m * 0.4m * 25kN/m 3 ) + (0.08 * 0.2 * 25) = 1kN/m

From partitions, Finishing and Block =3.5KN/m 2 * 0.4m = 1.4kN/m

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Total Dead Load (DL)=1+1.4=2.4KN/m

Live Load(LL) = 2 * 0.4 = 0.8 KN/m

Design load(P d )=1.35DL+1.5LL=1.35(2.4)+1.5(0.8)= 4.44kN/m Step 3 Analysis

4.44kN/m Step 3 Analysis Step 4 Design for flexure  Design constant = . ϒ .

Step 4 Design for flexure

Design constant

= .

ϒ

. (

.

)

.

=

= 13.6 , =

ϒ

=

= 260.87

.

=

= 0.8

= , = 0.0035

= 200,000

+

= 0.8

260.87

13.6

+ 0.0035 = 0.0304

0.0035

200000

260.87

To assure ductility

= . = .

= 0.0304 0.0035 200000 260.87 To assure ductility = . = . Surafel T. Date:-November 29,
= 0.0304 0.0035 200000 260.87 To assure ductility = . = . Surafel T. Date:-November 29,

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Check the depth for maximum moment M

Check the depth for maximum moment M max = 16.78kN.m, b = 80mm Check it by using the limiting depth d

=

=

16.78 × 10 0.2952 × 80 × 13.6 = 228.57

0.2952

= 260 − 15 − 6 − 6 = 233 > 228.57 … …

!

Design of the mid span Section as a T-beam

=

+

5

= 80 + 5500

5

= 1180

= 400

= 400

Assuming the NA to fall in the flange,

M

u =9.44KN.m

M u = 0.8 x b e f cd (d – 0.4x) 9.44 * 10 6 = 0.8x (400)*(13.6)*(233 – 0.4x)

Or x 2 – 582.5x + 5422.794 = 0 On solving the above quadratic equation, x = 9.46mm Therefore, NA falls within the flange A s = (0.8 x b e f cd )/f yd

= (0.8 * 9.46 * 400 * 13.6)/260.87

= 157.87 mm 2

Number of 12 mm diameter rods = 157.87 / (π * 12 2 /4) = 1.4

Use 2ϕ12

Design of support section as a rectangular beam

Overall depth D = 260mm; d = 233 mm

Breadth b = 80mm;

M umax = 0.2952 f cd bd 2 = 0.2952 * 13.6 * 80 * 233 2 * 10 -6 = 17.44KNm > 16.78KNm the

section is single reinforced.

M max = 16.78KNm

= 0.0304 = 0.61 = 0.0185

= (1 − (1 −

= (1 − (1 −

2 ∗ 16.78 ∗ 10

∗ 13.6 ))

80 ∗ 233

2 ∗

))

=

0.5 0.5

=

300 = 0.0017

13.6

260.87 = 0.0179

>

A s = ρbd=0.0179*80*233=333.184mm 2 Number of 12 mm diameter rods = 333.184 / (π * 12 2 /4) = 2.95 Use 3ϕ12

of 12 mm diameter rods = 333.184 / (π * 12 2 /4) = 2.95 Use
of 12 mm diameter rods = 333.184 / (π * 12 2 /4) = 2.95 Use

Hawasssa University iOT, School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I

School of Civil Engineering Reinforced concrete Structures I  Transverse reinforcement at topping. Cross-section area

Transverse reinforcement at topping.

Cross-section area of the topping

Based on EBCS-2, A st = 0.001 A c , A st = 0.001*60000 = 60 mm 2 Reinforcement in a unit width (i.e. 1m)

A c = 60 * 1000 = 60000 mm 2

Spacing using ϕ6

=

. ×

= 471.17

Use Ф6mm @ c/c 400mm in both directions (since secondary reinforcements shall not be greater than 400mm spacing) Step 5 Design for Shear The design shear at d distance from the face of the support; we do center to center analysis so the distance will be=30/2 + 233mm=248mm=0.248m. The design is done for the maxmuim shear.

The design is done for the maxmuim shear. Maximum shear force at the support = 15.26kN

Maximum shear force at the support = 15.26kN Shear force at the critical section (V sd ) = 14.16kN V RD = 0.25 f cd b w d = 0.25* 13.6 * 80 * 233 * 10 -3 =63.38kN = 63.38KN >>14.16kN → ok

= . .

=

. × .

=1.165Mpa

k 1 = 1+50p = 1+50*0.0179 = 1.895≤ 2.0 k 2 = 1.6 –d = 1.6-0.233 = 1.37 > 1.0

V c = 0.25 f ctd k 1 k 2 b w d

= 0.25*1.165*1.895*1.367*80*233*10 -3 = 14.06kN V sd =14.16kN Since V sd > V c → provide shear reinforcements

V

=

,

V s =V sd -V c

Consider 6 mm diameter stirrups with 2 legs,

Av = 2 * 6 2 * π / 4 = 56.55 mm 2

=