Sei sulla pagina 1di 3

Streamlining your body reduces the friction of movement to a

minimum thus decreasing overall drag.

For fishes having a streamlined body that is smooth helps save energy
it would otherwise have to expend swimming.
Streamlining, in aerodynamics, the contouring of an object, such as an aircraft body,
to reduce its drag, or resistance to motion through a stream of air.
A moving body causes the air to flow around it in definite patterns, the components of
which are called streamlines. Smooth, regular airflow patterns around an object are
called laminar flow; they denote a minimum of disturbance of the air by the object’s
motion through it. Turbulent flow occurs when air is disturbed and separates from the
surface of the moving body, with the consequent formation of a zone of swirling
eddies in the body’s wake. This eddy formation represents a reduction in the
downstream pressure on the moving object and is a principal source of drag.
Streamlining, then, is the contouring of an aircraft or other body in such a way that its
turbulent wake is reduced to a minimum. The mechanics of airflow patterns lead to
two principles for subsonic streamlining: (1) the forward part of the object should be
well rounded, and (2) the body should gradually curve back from the midsection to a
tapering rear section. An efficiently streamlined body thus takes on the look of a
horizontally inclined teardrop shape.
An aircraft or other body that is traveling at supersonic speeds requires a different
streamlined form from that of a subsonic aircraft because it is moving faster than the
speed at which the pressure impulses it creates are propagated in air. Because the
pressure waves can no longer be transmitted ahead of an aircraft moving at supersonic
speed, they pile up in front of it, creating a compression, or shock, wave. Further
shock waves are created at the midsection and tail of the supersonic aircraft. The
strength of these shock waves is dependent on the magnitude of the change in the air’s
direction, which in turn is dependent on the sharpness or angle of the forward tip and
other surfaces of the aircraft’s body. Supersonic aircraft thus have sharply pointed
noses and tails and straight, narrow bodies to minimize the intensity of the shock
waves (and attendant drag).
This article was most recently revised and updated by Kathleen Kuiper, Senior Editor.
LEARN MORE in these related Britannica articles:

fluid mechanics: Drag

…reduce the drag coefficient by streamlining the obstacle. It is at the rear of the obstacle
that separation occurs, and it is therefore the rear that needs streamlining. By stretching this
out in the manner suggested in Figure 17A, the pressure gradient acting on the boundary
layer behind the obstacle…

Drag, force exerted by a fluid stream on any obstacle in its path or felt by an object moving
through a fluid. Its magnitude and how it may be reduced are important to designers of
moving vehicles, ships, suspension bridges, cooling towers, and other structures. Drag
forces are conventionally described…

laminar flow
Laminar flow, type of fluid (gas or liquid) flow in which the fluid travels smoothly or in regular
paths, in contrast to turbulent flow, in which the fluid undergoes irregular fluctuations and
mixing. In laminar flow, sometimes called streamline flow, the velocity, pressure, and other
flow properties at each point…


Sign up here to see what happened On This Day, every day in your inbox!

By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice.

A "body shape" which offers very little resistance to the flow of air or water around it is called as
Streamlined shape.

An aeroplane or a car has a streamlined shape for the following reasons:

1. In order to reduce the fluid friction or drag that it encounters when flying through the sky.

2.To increase the efficiency of vehicle by reducing the loss of energy which is required to overcome

3. In order to improve speed.

Read more on -