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See discussions, stats, and author profiles for this publication at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328580883

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Article in Construction and Building Materials · December 2018

DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.10.096

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3 authors, including:

Uchechi Eziefula Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo Uchechi Eziefula Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo

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Construction and Building Materials 192 (2018) 287–300 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Construction and

Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Construction and Building Materials

journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/lo cate/conbuildmat Review Properties of seashell aggregate concrete: A review

Review

Properties of seashell aggregate concrete: A review

Uchechi G. Eziefula a , , John C. Ezeh b , Bennett I. Eziefula c

a School of Engineering Technology, Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, Imo State, Nigeria b Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria c Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria

Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria highlights Concrete with higher seashell ratio has lower

highlights

Concrete with higher seashell ratio has lower physical and mechanical properties. Ground seashell aggregate can replace up to 20% natural fine aggregate in concrete. Up to 50% seashell as a partial coarse aggregate can give normal-weight concrete. Current data on durability of seashell aggregate concrete indicate varied effects. Sound absorption and thermal insulation studies of seashell concrete are required.

article info

Article history:

Received 13 July 2018 Received in revised form 15 October 2018 Accepted 15 October 2018

Keywords:

Aggregate

Concrete

Durability

Mechanical properties

Physical properties

Recycled material

Seashell

Waste management

abstract

Trends in concrete technology are currently directed towards sourcing alternative sustainable materials for concrete in order to minimise over-reliance on natural resources. Many of the substitute materials used for producing green concrete are recycled materials obtained from industrial wastes and by-products. A promising solution to the challenge of seashell waste management involves utilising seashells as construction materials in concrete. Experimental investigations have been carried out on the use of mollusc seashells such as periwinkle shell, mussel shell, oyster shell, cockle shell, crepidula shell, clam shell and scallop shell as aggregate replacement materials in concrete. The seashells were utilised as partial or total replacement of fine and coarse aggregates in concrete. This paper is a literature review of seashell aggregate concrete. The paper first presents an overview of the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of the seashells. This is followed by a discussion of the physical, mechanical and durability properties of seashell aggregate concrete in fresh and hardened states. Possible applications in the construction industry are also highlighted. Mollusc seashells have similar chemical composition with limestone-type aggregates but characteristically contain traces of chloride and sulphate salts. Although inclusion of seashell aggregate reduces the physico-mechanical properties of concrete, utilising some seashells as partial coarse aggregate at up to 50% substitution level can produce normal-weight concrete for non-structural and low-strength structural functions. The current understanding of seashell aggregate concrete provides a basis for further research on various aspects of its behaviour including the sound absorption and thermal insulation properties. 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Contents

1. Introduction

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288

2. Methods

adopted

in previous studies

 

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2.1. Preparation and treatment of seashell aggregates

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2.2. Other component materials of seashell aggregate concrete

 

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2.3. Mix proportioning and preparation of concrete specimens

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2.4. Evaluated properties of concrete

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3. Properties

of seashells

 

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Corresponding author. E-mail address: uchechi.eziefula@imopoly.net (U.G. Eziefula).

0950-0618/ 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

288

U.G. Eziefula et al. / Construction and Building Materials 192 (2018) 287–300

3.1. Physical properties

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3.2. Mechanical

 

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3.3. Chemical composition and impurities content

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4. Physical properties of concrete produced with seashell aggregate

 

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4.1. Workability

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4.2. Density of fresh and hardened concrete

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5. Mechanical properties of concrete made with seashell aggregate

 

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5.1. Compressive

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5.2. Splitting tensile

 

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5.3. Flexural

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5.4. Modulus

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6. Durability-related properties of seashell aggregate concrete

 

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6.1. Water transportation

 

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6.2. Air

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6.3. Shrinkage and weight loss

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6.4. Freeze-thaw

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6.5. Other durability-related properties

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7. Sound absorption and thermal insulation properties of seashell aggregate concrete

 

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8. Potential applications and directions for future investigations 9. .

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299

Conflict of interest.

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299

References

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