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CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

This chapter presents the background of the study,

conceptual framework, statement of the problem,

significance of the study, scope and delimitation of the

study, and definition of terms.

Background of the Study

Social networking sites (SNS)or better known as social

media sites have become popular with the help of digital

technologies such as tablet, smartphone, notebook and the

internet (Boyd & Ellison, 2007). Social Media provides a

convenient platform that helps people make new connections

to improve friendly relations with other individuals and to

exchange information (Coyle & Vaughn 2008; Wang, Chen and

Liang, 2011). One of the most popular social media sites

today is Facebook. Statistical data showed that there are

more than 500 million people with Facebook accounts the

same data also showed that they visit Facebook at least

twice a day. (Boyd & Ellison, 2007)

Today, social media has become an integral part of

people’s daily life. However, since its emergence,


many studies were conducted that proved the positive and

negative effects of social networking sites. Schill (2011)

reported that the negative impacts of social media sites

include anxiety, behavioral changes, mental health problems,

psychological effect, severe loss of personal productivity,

stress, a sense of guilt and crisis both on adolescents and

young adults and professionals. Also, the same research

indicated that individuals with the age 14-30 preferred

technological communications to express their emotions

instead of face-to-face communications. Wang, et. Al (2011)

showed that students (from primary to tertiary level) spent

plenty of time on social media sites instead of doing their

homework, studying their courses and preparing for their

examinations. Many studies have also reported that

students’ grades are negatively affected by heavy use of

SNS.

Furthermore, according to the research of Bernard and

Dzandza (2018), it was proven that there is a heavy

presence of social media usage among students. Previous

studies of Wiley and Sisson have found that more than 90

percent of tertiary school students use social networks. It

is also found out that, students use social networking

sites (SNS) approximately at least thirty (30) minutes any

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given the day as part of their daily life routine

(Nicole,et.al, 2007). This shows the level at which

students are patronizing these sites and this may bring

along both positive and negative effects on students as far

as their academic performance is concerned.

The second year BSIT students of the University of

Science and Technology of Southern Philippines (USTP) are

not exempted from the distractions and challenges posed by

social media. The study seeks to foster an understanding of

how SNS impacts the second year BSIT students of USTP. If

the influence is negative, the result of the study will aid

educators to generate solutions that will mitigate them and

help not only the BSIT second year students from the whole

population of USTP focus on obtaining better learning

outcomes.

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Conceptual Framework of the Study

The conceptual framework which guided the research of


this is shown in Figure 1.

Independent Variable Dependent Variable

 Demographic profiles of Effects on Studies


respondents
 Less study
-Age time and more
procrastinati
-Gender on
-Economic status  Distracted
and loss of
 Different Social Media
concentration
Sites
 Poor quality
 Number of Social Media
Accounts of school
works
 Duration of Social Media
Usage  Late
submission of
 Reasons of using Social subject
Media requirements.

Figure 1. Conceptual Framework of the Study

The independent variables consisted of the demographic

profiles of respondents, which include the age, gender, and

economic status, the different social media sites, number

of social media accounts, duration of social media usage,

and the reasons of using social media. The dependent

4
variables consisted of the profile of the respondents, and

effects on the studies of the respondents.

Statement of the Problem

This paper aims to investigate why the second year

BSIT students spend too much time in social media sites and

how this affects their studies.

Furthermore, the researchers seek to answer the

following sub-questions:

1. What is the profile of the second year BSIT

students with respect to:

a. Age

b. Gender

c. Economic Status

2. What are the common social media sites do these

students use?

3. What are the reasons why do these students spend

too much time using social media sites?

4. How much time each day do these students spend

browsing their favorite social media sites?

5. How many social media accounts do these students

Have?

6. How does spending too much time in social media

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affect the respondents studies?

Significance of the Study

The researchers believe that an investigation on why

students spend too much time in social media sites and how

this affects their studies deserves some serious

considerations. The result of the investigation would show

how too much spending time in social media is a factor that

affects the study habit of every student, which would then

raise awareness to the students that they should be

conscious on the time that they spend in social media. It

is therefore, hoped that the result of this study could

benefit the students and makes them learn to understand

what is the importance of regulating the time they spend in

social media to avoid their studies from being affected.

Also, the result of this study can also be used by

educators to generate solutions that will mitigate them and

help not only the 2nd year BSIT students of USTP but the

whole populace of the University. Furthermore, the results

of this study may also provide better understanding and

solutions for parents on regulating social networking

exposure for their children. The researchers also believe

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that this study would be an effective tool for reference by

the future researchers about this study.

Scope and Delimitation of the Study

This study is focused on investigating the reason why

second year BSIT students of USTP spend too much time in

social media and how this affects their studies. This study

will be conducted in University of Science and Technology

of Southern Philippines. The respondents for this study are

second year BSIT students enrolled in the second semester

of school year 2018-2019, of which only a portion of their

population will be chosen as respondents.

Definition of Terms

For the purposes of clarification, the following terms

are operationally defined as they are used in this study:

Social Media. Refers to websites and applications that

enable users to create and share content or to participate

in social networking. (https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Social Networking. Refers to an online platform that

allows users to create a public profile and interact with

other users on the website. (https://www.merriam-

webster.com)

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Social Media Accounts. Refers to the social media

user's profile. (https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Facebook. Refers to the popular free social networking

website that allows registered users to create profiles,

upload photos and video, and send messages.

(https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Notebook computer. Refers to a battery or AC-powered

personal computer generally smaller than a briefcase that

can easily be transported and conveniently used in

temporary spaces such as on airplanes, in libraries,

temporary offices, and at meetings. (https://www.merriam-

webster.com)

Economic status. Refers to the respondents’ family

annual income. (https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Patronizing. Apparently kind or helpful but betraying

a feeling of superiority; condescending.

(https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Foster. To encourage or promote the development of.

(https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Mitigate. To make less severe, serious, or

painful.(https://www.merriam-webster.com)

8
Regulating. To control or maintain the rate or speed

of a process so that it operates properly.

(https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Website. A location connected to the internet that

maintains one or more pages on a world wide web.

(https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Integral. A necessary to make a whole complete;

essential or fundamental. (https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Anxiety. A feeling of worry, nervousness, or unease,

typically about an imminent event or something with an

uncertain outcome. (https://www.merriam-webster.com)

Adolescent. In the process of developing from a child

into an adult. (https://www.merriam-webster.com)

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CHAPTER 2

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES

This chapter presents a review of literature and

studies both local and foreign which are relevant to the

present study.

Foreign Literature

Average users spend 2 hours and 22 minutes per day on

social networking and messaging platforms, with the age

bracket from 16 to 24 years’ old who spent the most time in

social media according to Global Web Index (Salim, 2019).

Facebook, Youtube, and WhatsApp are the top three social

media sites used worldwide according to statista.com.

But according to the report by Common Sense Media, a

nonprofit organization, on any given day, teenagers in

United States spend about 9 hours using social media for

their enjoyment. In the report, the teenagers admitted that

they used social media while making homework. They also

agreed that it affected the quality of their work. This

claim is supported by Steyer, a pyschologist, who cited

studies such as one at Standford, which found dramatic

differences in cognitive control and the ability to process

10
information between heavy media multitasker and light media

multitasker (Wallace,2015).

In article in BBC by Galer (2018), presented the

result of a poll conducted to their Twitter followers,

which they asked how much is too much time in social media

for them. Over a third (40%) of the 554 people who voted

thought that more than two or three hours was too much. But

she admitted that the result does not necessarily represent

the general population. She also pointed out that a third

of UK 15-years-olds use internet for six or more hours a

day, with much of that time dedicated to social networking

sites.

Moreover, Galer (2018) research has suggested that

young people who spend more than two hours on social media

sites are more likely to report poor mental health which

can affect their academic and personal life.

Foreign Studies

In a study conducted by Talaue, et.al (2018) at Jubail

University College in Saudi Arabia, showed that spending

too much time in social media has a negative effect on the

study habit of the respondents. It was revealed in the

11
study that respondents admitted that their time for

studying or making assignments have been affected because

they had been spending more of their time in social media.

It was also presented in their findings that respondents

had a hard time absorbing information as there were far

more interesting things on social media that they find. It

was also concluded in the study that social media became an

integral part of the student’s full life, took up most of

their spare time. The time spent by the respondents on

social media stressed that the impact on their academic

performance ends up negative.

Moreover, in the study of Wang, et.al (2011) of

college students at Johnson and Whales University revealed

that the respondents’ studies were negatively affected by

too much use of social media. Their efficiency in doing

school work decreased as the respondents admitted that they

were using social media while doing homework.

All the same in the study of Mushtaq (2018) conducted

in Alberoni University. Based on the data he gathered, he

inferred that the extreme use of social media may

negatively affected academic performances of the students.

His findings also showed that students were losing

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concentration and focus on their studies while being

informed that it is possible to play online games through

social media.

Also in the study conducted by Mingle and Adams

(2015), the usage of social media affected the timely

submission of school assignments with the reason from the

respondents that the use of social networks caused them to

procrastinate and that social networks distracted them.

Local Literature

The Philippines is the world leader in social media

usage, this is according to the report by London, United

Kingdom-based consultancy We Are Social. It was reported

that there were already 67 million of internet users in the

Philippines and according to them, Filipinos spent an

average of 3 hours and 57 minutes a day on social media

sites, mainly on Facebook. It was also mentioned that the

number of Facebook accounts matched the number of internet

users in the country, and another 10 million Filipinos were

on Instagram. Overall, Filipinos spent 9 hours and 29

minutes a day on internet based also in this report.

(Camus,2018).

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Filipinos are said to be most active on Facebook,

Instagram, Snapchat, and Twitter. With the use of social

media has become extensive, the country has been tagged

“the social networking capital of the world,”and has become

part of Filipino Cyberculture. There are positive and

negative effects of these social media. The positive is

that it increases student collaboration, improves

participation, content rich resources and are useful for

team projects. But these sites have also caused potential

harm to the students. Students are usually the victims of

social networks more than anyone else. Students study or

search course materials online, with that there’s a

tendency that they get attracted to social networking sites

to kill the boredom while studying, and even make their

attention diverted from their work. Whether social media is

favorable or not, many students utilize these sites on a

daily basis. (Gudia,2017).

Also in an article by Astodello (2016), he mentioned

that students were highly motivated to use social media

sites to satisfy their social needs more than their

academic needs. He also pointed out that majority of the

students nowadays spend most of their time chatting with

their acquaintance, playing online games, and watching

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videos instead of reading their lessons, making their

assignments, and other school works. According to him, the

main reason for that is when these students work online for

school works, they get distracted by social media. They

tend to browse social media during study break to kill

boredom during studying.

In addition, some students are getting lazier and were

no longer interested in going to school according to

Astodello. The alleged reason is that students get

extremely indulged to get global access and that lead them

to perform less academically. Astodello emphasized on his

article to encouraged students to limit the time they spend

on social media sites and advised that students should

substitute these hours with reading.

Local Studies

Morallo (2014) had concluded in his study conducted

in Lyceum of the Philippines Laguna, that using social

networking sites decrease students study time and increase

leisure time. He stated also that students in Lyceum mainly

use SNSs for non-academic purposes or entertainment

activities and for communicating with friends and

classmates about school work and assignments.

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A study in Centro Escolar University-Malolos

conducted by Tamayo and dela Cruz (2014) showed that the

diversion caused by social media to the students’ studies

affect their academic performance. Furthermore, using

social media had an effect on the student’s academic

performance. Based on the results of their study, using

social media impeded the student’s learning and directly

affected the student’s attendance on school. It was also

stated that the more the student indulged in social media,

it had an effect on the students’ studies.

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CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

This chapter presents the methods of research used,

the population frame and sample size, respondents and

subjects of the study, data gathering instruments,

validation of the instruments, data gathering procedures,

statistical treatment of data.

Methods of Research Used

The descriptive method of research was used with the

questionnaire-checklist. Descriptive research, according to

Santiago(1985), concerns the present situation, prevailing

conditions, current practices, contemporary events,

characteristics of groups of individuals, their behavioral

patterns, attitudes or opinions. Hence, this method was

used to analyze the opinions or perceptions of the second

year BSIT students of USTP on how social media affects

their studies.

The Population Frame and Sample Size

The researchers have conducted this study to the

second year BSIT students enrolled in the second semester

of school year 2018-2019 of USTP. There are 100 second year

students officially enrolled in the second semester of BSIT

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program of USTP (USTP Registrar, February 2019). Students

who are not enrolled in the IT program including the

faculty, were not included in the population.

Patten (2004) states that obtaining an unbiased sample

is the main criterion in evaluating the adequacy of a

research. Patten also identifies an unbiased sample as one

in which every member of the population has an equal

opportunity of being selected in the sample. Therefore,

random sampling was used in this research to help ensure an

unbiased sample population. A sample size (n) was drawn

from the population frame (N) with a 5% margin of error (c).

And for the purpose of this study the researchers used the

second year BSIT student population frame N = 100 and thus

a sample size of n = 80.

Respondents and Subjects of the Study

The respondents and subject of this study were the 80

sample size of the second year BSIT student population of

USTP in Cagayan de Oro City. They are composed of students

who are currently enrolled in the second semester of year

2018-2019 and who were present during the administration of

the survey questionnaires. And all 80 respondents have

returned the accomplished the survey questionnaires.

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Data Gathering Instruments

The instruments used were a researcher-made survey

questionnaire to gather the needed data for the research.

This is the most viable method to obtain information from

the target students. In designing the instrument, the

criteria and characteristics of a good questionnaire are

considered. In this case, both open-ended and closed-ended

questions will be provided, to enable the respondents to

answer and reason on their own words or choose one or more

of the given alternatives, respectively.

The questionnaire shall contain the following aspects in

order to obtain reliable and valid results: Profile of the

respondents such as age, gender, and economic status. Level

of social media use such as number of accounts owned and

usage duration. Reasons of respondents for using social

media sites. The effects of too much time in social media

to the respondents’ studies.

Validation of the Instruments

The survey questionnaire had undergone critiquing and

a lot of revisions under the guidance of the researchers

English 40 instructor. To ensure that the questions in the

survey questionnaire would give an accurate data, an

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outline of chapter 4 was made to be the basis of the survey

questionnaire. Research was also employed to ensure that

the questions had basis to be able to gather data that

would answer the statement of problem and the sub-questions.

Data Gathering Procedures

After the validation of the instrument, the

researchers secured a written permit to the chairman of IT

department to asked permission to administer the survey.

Records from the registrar office are useful enough for the

needed data on the population of second year BSIT students

of USTP school year 2018-2019. After given the permission,

the researchers made a round inside the school campus and

looked for the second year IT students and explained the

purpose of the study to the selected respondents and then

made sure that each participant corresponded to their

predefined criteria. The researchers collected the data by

means of survey questionnaire that comprises their age,

gender, economic status. And the other questions focus on

what social media sites they commonly used, the reason why

they spend too much time using social media sites, how many

social media accounts they have.

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Statistical Treatment of Data

After having retrieved the accomplished questionnaire,

the researcher compiled, tabulated, tallied the data, and

statistically analyzed with the data instruments of the

study. Descriptive statistics such as frequency count and

percentage computation are considered.

The researcher was guided by the following formula:

% = F/N x 100

Where:

% = percent

F = frequency (the number of times the item appears)

N = total number of items in our data

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CHAPTER 4

PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter summarized the gathered data,

assembled and presented in tabular form for further

analysis and interpretation. Essentially, the discussion is

focused on the findings on the specific problems posited in

Chapter 1.

Profile of the Second Year BSIT Student Respondents

This topic discusses the profile of the second year

BSIT student respondents with respect to their age, gender,

and economic status.

Table 1. Presents the distribution of the respondents

by age and gender.

Age FC(M) FC(F) P(M) P(F)

18-19 1 7 2.50 % 17.50%

20-21 26 18 65.00% 45.00%

22-23 4 11 10.00% 27.50%


24 and above 9 4 22.50% 10.00%

Total 40 40 100.00% 100.00%

The respondents consisted of 40 males and 40 females.

Ages from 20 to 21 dominated the population of the

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respondents for both genders, then followed by 24 and above

age bracket for male gender, and 22-23 age bracket for

female gender. Out of 40 male respondents, only 4 were

counted for the 22-23 age bracket, and 1 for the 18-19 age

bracket for female gender. There were 7 females for ages 18

and 19 and only 4 females for ages 24 and above.

It is noticeable that most of the respondents were

older compared to the supposed age of a second year college

student. One reason for that was that most of the second

year IT students were returnees. Last 2017, the free

tuition fee was implemented in the university, and this may

have compelled the out-of-school youth to return and

continue their studies. Also, when the tuition fee had been

effective in the University, they only offered two courses

for the freshmen, returnees, and transferees, which were IT

and EMT courses.

Table 2. Presents the distribution of the respondents

by economic status.

Parents’ Monthly Income FC P

10K and below 46 57.50%


10K-20K 15 18.75%
20K-30K 10 12.50%
30K and above 9 11.25%
Total 80 100.00%
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Most respondents enrolled in IT have parents’ monthly

income of P10,000 and below, followed by parents’ monthly

income of P10,000 to P20,000, then parents’ monthly income

of P20,000 to P30,000, and lastly parents’ monthly income

of P30,000 and above.

USTP being a state-owned university and the fact that

students of this university enjoys free tuition fee and

even miscellaneous fees, supported how the data collected

had turned out. It was expected that most of the students

enrolled in USTP came from the lower class family.

Common Social Media Sites Used by Respondents

This part discusses the common social media sites that

the respondents usually use. The respondents were allowed

to select more than one answer if they use more than one

social media site.

Table 3. Common social media sites used by the

respondents.

Social Media Sites FC Rank


Facebook 78 1
Instagram 45 4
Twitter 36 5
Messenger 70 3
Youtube 72 2

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The top three social media sites that the respondents

commonly used were Facebook, with a frequency count of 78,

followed by Youtube with a frequency count of 72, and

Messenger with a frequency count of 70. Instagram and

Twitter were the last ones with frequency counts of 45 and

36 respectively.

As per Statista.com, Facebook and Youtube were the

most commonly used social media sites worldwide. In the

Philippines, there were reported of 67 million accounts on

Facebook according to Camus (2018). Moreover, according to

Gudia (2019), Filipinos are said to be the most active on

Facebook, thus the reason why the data collected turned out

this way.

Reasons Why Respondents Spend Too Much Time in Social Media

Sites

This part discusses the reasons of the respondents for

spending too much time in social media sites. The

respondents were allowed to select more than one answer if

they spent too much time on more than one activity in

social media sites.

25
Table 4. Reasons why respondents spend too much time

in social media sites.

Reasons FC Rank

Chatting or messaging acquaintance 73 1

Watching videos and listening to music 71 2

Browsing other people’s profile 42 4

Get updates and news 60 3


Transacting business online 27 5

Chatting or messaging acquaintance got the highest

frequency count of 73, followed closely by watching videos

and listening to music with 71 frequency count. Getting

updates and news followed with a frequency count of 60,

then browsing other people’s profile with a frequency count

of 42, and transacting business online trailed behind with

a frequency count of 27.

The data gathered suggested that most of the

respondents’ reasons for spending too much time in social

media were because they like to chat or message their

acquaintance and they like to watch videos. These results

were further proven by Astodello (2018), which was

according to him, students were highly motivated to use

social media sites to satisfy their social needs than their

26
academic needs. He also pointed out that the same reasons

mentioned above were the usual activities that student

nowadays spent their time on in social media sites.

Number of Social Media Accounts and the Time Spent of the

Respondents in Social Media Sites

This part discusses the number of social media

accounts of the respondents, and the amount of time they

spend on social media sites.

Table 5.Number of Social Media Accounts the

Respondents have.

No. of SMS accounts FC P


1-2 35 43.75%
2-3 21 26.25%
3-4 11 13.75%
4-5 5 6.25%
5 and above 8 10.00%
Total 80 100.00%

Most of the respondents have 1 to 2 social media

accounts, which had a frequency count of 35 or 43.75% of

the population of the respondents. There were 21

respondents who have 2 to 3 social media accounts, then 11

of them have 3 to 4 accounts. Only 5 respondents have 4 to

5 social media accounts, and the rest have more than 5

social media accounts.

27
Table 6. Number of hours the Respondents Spent on

Social Media per day.

Hours Spent FC P

3-4 30 37.50%

4-5 17 21.25%

5-6 11 13.75%

6-7 11 13.75%

7-8 0 0.00

8 and above 4 5.00%

3 and below 7 8.75%

Total 80 100.00%

Majority of the respondents spent 3 to 4 hours in

social media sites per day, it had a frequency count of 30

or 37.50% of the population of the respondents. It was

followed with 4 to 5 hours spent in social media sites,

which had a frequency count of 17 or 21.25%. 5 to 6 hours

and 6 to 7 hours tied in 3rd place. Zero frequency count

was recorded for 7 to 8 hours, 4 frequency count for 8

hours and above, and 7 of the respondents only spent below

3 hours in social media sites.

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The data gathered suggested that majority of the

respondents spent more time in social media sites compared

to average users who, according to Salim (2019), only spent

2 hours and 22 minutes per day in social media sites.

It can also be inferred that despite the fact that

most of the respondents only own 1 to 2 social media

accounts, they still spent more time than an average user

does.

Effects of Too Much Time in Social Media to the Studies of

the Respondents

This part discusses the effects of too much time in

social media sites to the different aspects on the studies

of the respondents.

A.Effect of Too Much Time in Social Media Sites on the

Study Time of the Respondents

This part discusses the effect of spending too much

time in social media sites on the study time of the

respondents.

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Table 7. Effects of too much time in social media site

to the respondents’ study time.

Response FC P

Lessen study time 33 41.25%

Cannot tell 31 38.75%

Doesn’t lessen study time 16 20.00%

Total 80 100.00%

There were 33 out of 80 respondents confirmed that

spending too much time in social media sites had lessen

their time for studying. The result was then followed

closely by those who answered neutral, with 31 frequency

counts, and only 16 respondents denied that spending too

much time in social media sites affected the time for their

studying.

The result of the study by Talaue, et.al (2018) at

Jubail University further confirmed that spending too much

time in social media sites indeed lessen the time for

studying of the respondents. Based on his study, spending

too much time in social media had a negative effect on the

study habit of the respondents. It was revealed in the

study that respondents admitted that their time for

30
studying or making assignments have been affected because

they had been spending more of their time in social media.

Table 8. Number of Respondents Who Chose Browsing

Social Media Sites Over Studying.

Response FC P
Choose to browse once 7 8.75%

Choose to browse sometimes 54 67.50%

Choose to browse most of the time 11 13.75%

Choose to browse always 3 3.75%

Never choose to browse 5 6.25%

Total 80 100.00%

The data gathered showed that 54 out of 80 respondents

admitted that they sometimes choose browsing social media

sites over studying. There were only 5 respondents that

denied doing it, 7 respondents who admitted they have only

done it once, 11 respondents who admitted doing it most of

the time, and 3 respondents that claimed doing it always.

It can be inferred in the results shown above that

social media sites can cause procrastination or more

leisure time spent than studying. This is further proven by

Morallo (2014) with his study conducted in Lyceum of the

31
Philippines, who pointed out that social media sites caused

procrastination.

B. Effect of Too Much Time in Social Media Sites on the

Concentration of the Respondents when studying

This part discusses the effect of too much time in

social media to the concentration of the respondents.

Table 9. Number of Respondents Who Browse their Social

Media Sites While Doing Homework.

Response FC P
No. of students who browse sometimes 45 56.25%

No. of students who browse most of the time 26 32.50%

No. of students who browse always 6 7.50%

No. of students who never browse 3 3.75%

Total 80 100.00%

There were 45 out of 80 respondents admitted that they

sometimes used social media while doing homework. 26 of

them have done it most of the time, then only 6 respondents

have always done it, and only 3 who never done it.

The extreme usage of social media could cause

distraction to the students’ concentration when studying,

according to the study of Mushtaq (2018). Going back to the

32
study of Talaue,et.al (2018), their respondents had

admitted that they had difficulty in absorbing information

as there were far more interesting things they find in

social media sites.

C. Effects of Too Much Time in Social Media Sites on the

Quality of the Respondents’ school works

This part discusses the effect of too much time in

social media to the quality of the respondents’ school

works.

Table 10. Effects of using social media sites to the

quality of the respondents’ school works.

Response FC P

Has negative effects 26 32.50%

No negative and positive effects 44 55.00%

No negative effects 10 12.00%


Total 80 100.00%

There were 44 out of 80 respondents answered that

there was neither negative nor positive effects, 26

respondents who answered there were negative effects, and

10 respondents who answered that there were no negative

effects.

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The result was confusing as the respondents’ answers

prior were leaning to the negative side effects of too much

time in social media. The respondents were undecided if

spending too much time in social media had affected the

quality of their works.

D. Effect of Too Much Time in Social Media Sites on the

time of submission of subject requirements of the

respondents

This part discusses the effect of too much time in

social media sites on the time of submission of subject

requirements of the respondents.

Table 11. Number of respondents who experienced being

late in handing assignments or projects because of

spending too much time in social media.

Response FC P

Experienced being late once 11 13.75%

Experienced being late sometimes 39 48.75%

Experienced being late most of the time 8 10.00%


Experienced being late always 3 3.75%

Never experienced being late 19 23.75%

Total 80 100.00%

34
There were 39 respondents who admitted that they had

experienced sometimes being late in handing assignments or

projects. There were 19 respondents that denied it, 11 of

them admitted that they had experienced it once, 8 of them

most of the time, and 3 of them who admitted that they

experienced it always.

Mingle and Adams (2015), had shown in their studies

that the usage of social media had affected the timely

submission of home work of the respondents.

E. Overall Effect of Too Much Time in Social Media Sites on

the Studies of the respondents

Table 12. Number of students who believe that spending

too much time in Social media sites affected their

studies negatively.

Response FC P

Number of students who believe 35 43.75%

Number of students who cannot tell 32 40.00%

Number of students who don’t believe 13 16.25%


Total 80 100.00%

Out of 80 respondents, 35 of them believed that

spending too much time in social media sites had affected

35
their studies negatively. Followed closely with 32

respondents who cannot tell or decide, and only 13

respondents denied that too much time in social media sites

had affected negatively their studies.

All in all, spending too much time in social media

sites had a negative effect on the studies on the

respondents. Aside from the effects that have been

discussed above, studies supported this claim. The study of

Tamayo and dela Cruz (2014) at Centro Escolar University,

showed that using social media impeded the student’s

learning and directly affected the student’s attendance on

school. They also stated that the more the student indulged

in social media, it had an effect on the students’ studies.

36
CHAPTER 5

SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

This part of the study presents the three topical

areas of this chapter, namely: summary, conclusions, and

recommendations based on the findings of the study.

Summary

This study aimed to know more about too much time in

social media and its effects of to the second year BSIT

students of USTP in second semester of school year 2018-

2019.

More specifically, the researchers sought answers to

the following questions:

1. What is the profile of the second year BSIT

students with respect to:

d. Age

e. Gender

f. Economic Status

2.What are the common social media sites do these

students use?

3. What are the reasons why do these students spend

too much time using social media sites?

4.How much time each day do these students spend

37
browsing their favorite social media sites?

5.How many social media accounts do these students

have?

6. How does spending too much time in social media

affect the respondents’ studies?

The findings of the study revealed the following:

1. Most of the student respondents were 20-21 years of age,

in which of them were 26 males and 18 females. Most of the

respondents’ age is not the usual age for a second year

student, since these students were returnees. There were 40

male and 40 female respondents.

2. Most of the respondents’ parents have a monthly income

of P10,000 and below. It was expected that most of the

students enrolled in USTP came from the lower class family.

3. Majority of the respondents chose Facebook as the

social media they usually used every day followed by

Youtube and lastly Messenger.

4. Majority of the respondents’ reasons on why they spent

too much time in social media were for chatting or

messaging acquaintance, then followed by watching videos

and listening to music.

38
5. Most of the respondents have 1 to 2 social media

accounts. Most of these respondents spent 3 to 4 hours in

social media sites per day. The data gathered suggested

that majority of the respondents spent more time in social

media sites compared to average users who.

6. Majority of the respondent confirmed that spending too

much time in social media sites had affected their time for

studying. It was revealed in the study that respondents

admitted that their time for studying or making assignments

have been affected because they had been spending more of

their time in social media.

7. Most of the respondents admitted that sometimes they get

distracted from using social media sites while studying or

doing assignments.

8. More than half of the respondents were neutral or

undecided if too much time in social media sites affected

the quality of their school works.

9. Most of the respondents had experienced being late

sometimes on handing or passing their school works because

of spending too much time in social media.

10. 35 out of the 80 respondents believed that spending too

much time in social media sites had affected their studies

39
negatively, 32 of them have said neutral, and only 13 of

them denied about it.

Conclusions

Based on the findings, the following conclusions are


drawn:

1. Facebook is the most popular social media that is

used by the second year BSIT students of USTP. The

students spend too much time on Facebook just to chat

with their acquaintances and watch videos in it.

2.Using social media affected their study time, the

respondents tend to use social media instead of studying

and their concentration in classes are also being

affected.

3.Around 44% of the respondents agrees that using social

media affected their studies negatively. 40% are

undecided on the matter and 16% denied that social media

affects their studies

Recommendations

In the light of the findings and conclusions of the

study, the following recommendations are given:

40
1. Seminars, symposiums, and discussions should be

organized regularly to inform students of the

dangers of spending too much time on social media.

2. BSIT Students should be encouraged to improve upon

their study habit for better performance in their

academic endeavor.

3. Lecturers and counselors should help the BSIT

Students to imbibe efficient and effective study

habits.

4. Time management in using social media and studying.

5. Further research should be carried out to find out

the factors which make social media a strong force

among this target population with the goal of

providing mitigating solutions for the negative

effects.

41
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46
UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY OF
SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES (USTP)
CAGAYAN DE ORO CTY

TOO MUCH TIME IN SOCIAL MEDIA AND ITS EFFECTS TO THE


STUDIES OF THE SECOND YEAR BSIT STUDENTS OF USTP

A Thesis
Presented to
Ms. Bernadette Garcia
English Department Instructor
University of Science and Technology of Southern
Philippines
Cagayan de Oro City

In partial fulfillment
for the Requirements in English 40
Technical Writing and Reporting

By:

Abato, Leo Carlie A.


Amper, Allan Jay T.
Arrabis, Vincent Louie D.
Beron, Juniel A.
Cahanap, Rhea
Caiña, Luigi N.
Casalan, Nathaniel John
Dantes, Rachel
Fabela, Liam E.
Fabella, Rommel N.
Group 1
BSIT 2R2

March 2019