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WELDING HANDBOOK 20 Sandvik welding handbook – 30 September, 2015 | CHAPTER 8

WELDING HANDBOOK

WELDING HANDBOOK 20 Sandvik welding handbook – 30 September, 2015 | CHAPTER 8

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction

3

Grade selection

4

Shielding the weld

5

Welding wire and rods

7

Welding strip electrodes

140

Welding flux

183

Flux cored wire electrodes

208

Covered electrodes

240

Thermal spray wire

324

WRC-92

351

DeLong

352

Schaeffler

353

INNOVATION THAT MAKES THE GRADE At Sandvik it's innovation that makes the grade. We are

INNOVATION THAT MAKES THE GRADE

At Sandvik it's innovation that makes the grade.

We are a world-class developer and manufacturer of stainless steels and special alloys for demanding environments. And for more than 80 years, we have been one of the leading global suppliers of welding materials in stainless steel and nickel alloys.

Our welding consumables guarantee;

– Safety - proven performance in demanding environments, consistent and high weld quality makes service life safe for people and the environment.

– Cost reduction - grades that reduce the number of manufacturing operations and reduce repair work. It’s also safe against cracking.

– Productivity - chemistry consistent between heats and batches makes manufacturing more predictive and consistent. Consumables for high speed welding take your productivity to a new level of industry standard.

The development of welding materials always goes hand-in-hand with the development of our new steel grades.

This means that you can use our material innovations and can rest assured that the matching welding materials will maintain the required quality for both industry standards and your own company’s particular needs.

Our experience in very many applications and our capable technical support is always at your disposal when you are unable to find the solution you need.

Quality Management

Sandvik Materials Technology has quality management systems approved by internationally recognized organizations. We hold, for example, the ASME Quality System Certificate as a Material Organization, approvals to ISO 9001:2008, ISO 17025:2005 and PED 97/23/EC. We also have product and/or shop approvals from bodies such as TÜV, JIS, DNV and Lloyd’s Register.

Environment, health and safety

Environmental awareness, health and safety are integral parts of our business and are at the forefront of all activities within our operation. We hold ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 approvals.

Don’t take our word for it – try our welding consumables and find out for yourself.

CHOICE OF WELDING CONSUMABLES

The table below gives typical selections of welding consumables and basic designations for wire electrodes and filler wire/rods. It does not indicate the silicon-alloyed variants used for MIG welding or the variants of covered electrodes or wire-flux combinations for submerged arc welding.

Base metal (joining of similar metals)

Sandvik welding consumable

ASTM/UNS

ISO

Sandvik

 

Normal choice

1

Over-alloyed choice

1

304L

2

1.4306

2

3R12

2

19.9.L (19.9.Nb)

19.12.3.L (19.12.3.Nb)

321 /347

2

1.4541 /1.4550

2

6R35 / 8R40

2

19.9.Nb (19.9.L)

19.12.3.Nb (19.12.3.L)

316L

2

1.4435

2

3R60

2

19.12.3.L (19.12.3.Nb)

25.22.2.LMn

"316Ti"

2, 3

/ 318

2

1.4571

2

/ -

5R75

2

/ -

19.12.3.Nb (19.12.3.L)

(20.25.5.LCu)

317L

1.4438

3R64

19.13.4.L

20.25.5.LCu

310

1.4845

2

7RE10

2

25.20.C

-

S30815

 

1.4835

253 MA

* 22.12.HT

 

-

S35315

 

1.4854

353 MA

* 28.34.HT

 

-

"310"

3

1.4435

2RE10

 

25.20.L

(25.22.2.LMn)

S31050

 

1.4466

 

2RE69

 

25.22.2.LMn

-

S31500

 

1.4417

3RE60

 

22.8.3.L

-

S31803

 

1.4462

SAF 2205

 

22.8.3.L

25.10.4.L

S32205

 

1.4462

SAF 2205

 

22.8.2.L

25.10.4.L

S32304

 

1.4362

SAF 2304

 

23.7.L

22.8.3.L

S32750

 

1.4410

SAF 2507

 

25.10.4.L

4

27.7.5.L

S32707

 

-

SAF 2707 HD

27.7.5.L

-

S32906

 

-

SAF 2906

 

29.8.2.L

-

N08028

 

1.4563

Sanicro 28

27.31.4.LCu

-

N08904

 

1.4539

2RK65

 

20.25.5.LCu

27.31.4.LCu

S31254

 

1.4547

254 SMO

*

Sanicro 60

-

Alloy 600

 

-

Sanicro 70

Sanicro 72HP

-

Alloy 625

 

-

-

Sanicro 60

-

Alloy 690

 

-

-

Sanicro 68HP

-

 

Sanicro 69

Alloy 800

 

1.4876

Sanicro 31HT

Sanicro 72HP

-

Alloy 825

 

-

Sanicro 41

 

27.31.4.LCu

Sanicro 60

1)

Alternative selection within brackets. Also other grades with similar chemical composition (minor variations mainly the C and/or N contents). Stabilizing element, if any, can be either Ti or Nb. "xxx" = constructed classification, denotes the type. Sandvik 25.10.4.L can also be used for the welding of other similar super-duplex steels as well as for a group of 25% Cr duplex steels with PRE values between 37 and 40 (UNS S31803 has PRE 35 and UNS S32750 PRE >41). * 253 MA, 353 MA and 254 SMO are trademarks owned by Outokumpu OY.

4)

3)

2)

SHIELDING THE WELD The primary tasks of a shielding gas is to protect the weld

SHIELDING THE WELD

The primary tasks of a shielding gas is to protect the weld pool from the influence of the atmosphere, i.e. from oxidation and nitrogen absorption, and to stabilize the electric arc. The choice of shielding gas can also influence the characteristics of the weld penetration profile.

SHIELDING GAS PROTECTION Shielding gases for MIG/GMAW welding

The basic gas for MIG/MAG welding is argon (Ar). Helium (He) can be added to increase penetration and fluidity of the weld pool. Argon or argon/helium mixtures can be used for welding all grades. However, small additions of oxygen (O ) or carbon dioxide (CO ) are usually needed to stabilize the arc, improve the fluidity and also improve the quality of the weld deposit. For stainless steels there are also gases available containing small amounts of hydrogen (H ).

2

2

2

The table indicates the appropriate choice of shielding gas for MIG/MAG welding, taking account of different types of stainless steel and arc types.

Parent metal (type of material)

 

Austenitic

Duplex

Super-duplex

Ferritic

High-alloy

Nickel

stainless

stainless

stainless

stainless

austenitic

alloys

steel

steel

steel

steel

stainless steel

 

Ar

-

-

a -

 

a

a

Ar + He

-

-

a -

 

a

a

Ar + (1-2)% O

2

b

b

()

b

c

-

Ar + (1-2)% CO

2 d

e

e

()

e

c

-

Ar + 30% He + (1-2)% O

2

f

f

f

f

c

-

Ar + 30% He + (1-2)% CO

2 d

f

f

f

f

c

-

Ar + 30% He + (1-2)% N

2

-

-

-

g

-

a) Preferably in pulsed MIG welding.

b) Higher fluidity of the molten pool than with CO

c) Except for Sandvik 22.12.HT and Sandvik 27.31.4.LCu where Ar is preferred.

d) Not to be used in spray-arc welding where extra low carbon is required.

e) Better short-arc welding and positional welding properties than with Ar + (1-2)% O .

f) Higher fluidity of the molten pool than with Ar. Better short-arc welding properties than with Ar + (1-2)% CO .

g) For nitrogen-alloyed grades.

2 addition.

2

2

Shielding gases for TIG/GTAW welding

The normal gas for TIG welding is argon (Ar). Helium (He) can be added to increase penetration and fluidity of the

weld pool. Argon or argon/helium mixtures can be used for welding all grades. In some cases nitrogen (N ) and/or hydrogen (H ) can be added in order to achieve special properties. For instance, the addition of hydrogen gives a similar, but much stronger effect as adding helium. However, hydrogen additions should not be used for welding martensitic, ferritic or duplex grades.

2

2

Alternatively, if nitrogen is added, the weld deposit properties of nitrogen alloyed grades can be improved. Oxidizing additions are not used because these destroy the tungsten electrode.

Recommendations for shielding gases used in TIG welding of different stainless steels are given in the table. For plasma-arc welding, the gas types with hydrogen additions in the table are mostly used as plasma gas, and pure argon as shielding gas.

Parent metal (type of material)

 

Austenitic

Duplex

Super-

Ferritic

High-alloy austenitic stainless steel

Nickel

alloys

stainless

stainless

duplex

stainless

steel

steel

stainless

steel

 

steel

Ar

Ar + He

a

a

Ar + (2-5)% H

2 a,b

b

-

-

-

b

b

Ar + (1-2)% N

2

-

-

-

-

 

-

-

-

-

Ar + 30% He + (1- 2)% N

2

a) Improves flow compared with pure Ar.

b) Preferably for automatic welding. High welding speed. Risk of porosity in multi-run welds.

Root protection

A perfect welding result, without impairment of corrosion resistance and mechanical properties, can only be obtained when using a backing gas with very low oxygen content. For best results, a maximum of 20 ppm O the root side can be tolerated.

2 at

This can be achieved with a purging setup and can be controlled with a modern oxygen meter. Pure argon is by

far the most common gas for root protection of stainless steels. Formiergas (N

alternative for conventional austenitic steels. The gas contains an active component, H , which brings down the oxygen level in the weld area.

2

+ 5 - 12% H

2

2

) is an excellent

Nitrogen can be used for duplex steels in order to avoid nitrogen loss in the weld metal. The purity of the gas used for root protection should be at least 99.995%. When gas purging is impractical root flux can be an alternative.

MOLTEN SLAG PROTECTION

In submerged-arc welding (SAW) and electro-slag welding (ESW), the shield is achieved by a welding flux,

completely covering the consumable, the arc and the molten pool. The flux also stabilizes the electric arc. The flux is fused by the heat of the process, creating a molten slag cover that effectively shields the weld pool from the surrounding atmosphere.

WELDING WIRE AND WELDING RODS

WELDING WIRE AND WELDING RODS Sandvik welding wire and rods are filler metals optimized for MIG

Sandvik welding wire and rods are filler metals optimized for MIG (GMAW), TIG (GTAW), plasma-arc (PAW) and submerged-arc welding (SAW). These are available in high performance stainless steels and nickel alloys, designed to increase productivity and lower production cost.

Lower production cost and higher performance is the name of the game for corrosion resistant alloy manufacturing. Sandvik produces filler metals from melting of raw materials to finished wire and rods. Characteristics of Sandvik wire are as follows:

– Chemical composition optimized for each welding process

– Controlled ferrite content and extremely low impurity levels for resistance to hot cracking and microfissuring

– Microelement control for optimum arc stability, wetting characteristics with extremely low spatter

– Controlled wire surface for trouble-free mechanized welding

– Alloy design for the optimum corrosion resistance and mechanical properties

Welding process

ISO

AWS

Metal inert gas welding/ Metal active gas welding

MIG/MAG

GMAW

Tungsten inert gas welding

TIG

GTAW

Submerged arc welding

SAW

SAW

FORMS OF SUPPLY FOR WELDING WIRE AND RODS

Our wire for MIG/MAG/GMAW, TIG/GTAW and SAW welding of stainless steel and nickel alloys can be delivered in the following delivery forms:

alloys can be delivered in the following delivery forms: Basket spool (BS 300) for MIG welding

Basket spool (BS 300) for MIG welding

Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Wire weight 15 kg. Precision layer wound. The highly evironmentally compatible basket spools can be treated as metal scrap when empty.

Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside
Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside
Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside
Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside
Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside
Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside

Sanpac bulk package for MIG welding

Wire diameters 0.8, 1.0, 1.2 and 1.60 mm. Outside diameter of the drum 510 mm. Height of drum 820 or 450 mm. Wire weight 300 or 150 kg.

Masonite spool (BS 300) for MIG and TIG welding

Wire diameters max 1.60 mm. Wire weight 27 kg. Precision layer wound.

Plastic spool (S 200) for TIG welding

Wire diameter max 1.2 mm. Wire weight 5 kg. Normal wound.

Plastic spool (S 100) for TIG welding

Wire diameter max. 1.0 mm. Wire weight 1 kg. Precision layer wound.

Rods for TIG welding

Wire diameters 1.0, 1.2, 1.6, 2.0, 2.4, 3.2, 4.0 and 5.0 mm. Length 1000 mm, Weight of rods 5 kg. Each rod marked for identity. Paper carton.

Basket rim (B 450) for SAW welding

Wire diameter 2.0, 2.4, 3.2, 4.0 and 5.0 mm. Wire weight 28kg. Precision layer wound. Highly environmentally compatible. Empty rims can be treated as metal scrap.

OUR STAINLESS STEEL GRADES

The table below shows Sandvik's standard program of stainless steel welding wire grades.

GRADES

Sandvik grade

AWS ER

*

ISO 14343

 

13.4

410NiMo

13 4

 

19.9.L

308L

19 9 L

 

19.9.LSi

308LSi

19 9 L Si

 

19.9.Nb

347

19 9 Nb

 

19.9.NbSi

347Si

19 9 Nb Si

 

19.9.L CRYO

308L

19 9 L

 

19.12.3.L CRYO

316L

19 12 3 L

 

19.12.3.L

316L

19 12 3 L

Sandvik grade

AWS ER

*

ISO 14343

 

19.12.3.LSi

316LSi

19 12 3 L Si

 

19.13.4.L

317L

19 13 4 L

 

19.12.3.Nb

318

19 12 3 Nb

 

19.12.3.NbSi

318Si

19 12 3 Nb Si

 

Sanweld AXT

(307)

18 8 Mn Si

 

18.8.Mn

(307)

18 8 Mn Si

 

23.7.L

-

23 7 L N

 

24.13.L

309L

23 12 L

 

24.13.LSi

309LSi

23 12 L Si

 

24.13.LHF

309L

23 12 L

 

24.13.Si

309Si

22 12 H

 

24.13.LNb

"309LNb"

23 12 Nb

 

22.15.3.L

(309LMo)

23 12 2 L

 

24.16.3.L

(309LMo)

(23 12 2 L)

 

25.20.C

310

25 20

 

29.9

312

29 9

 

22.8.3.L

2209

22 9 3 N L

 

22.8.3.LSi

2209

22 9 3 N L

 

25.10.4.L

2594

25 9 4 N L

 

27.7.5.L

-

-

 

29.8.2.L

-

-

 

22.12.HT

-

-

 

25.20.L

-

-

 

25.22.2.LMn

(310LMo)

25 22 2 N L

 

20.25.5.LCu

385

20 25 5 Cu L

 

27.31.4.LCu

383

27 31 4 Cu L

 

Sandvik SX

-

-

* (xxx) = nearest equivalent; "xxx" = constructed classification, denotes the type.

OUR NICKEL ALLOY GRADES

The table below shows Sandvik's standard program of nickel alloy welding wire grades.

GRADES

Sandvik grade

AWS ER

*

ISO 18274

 

Sanicro 41 Cu

NiFeCr-1

Ni 8065

 

Sanicro 53

NiCrCoMo-1

Ni 6617

 

Sanicro 54

NiCrMo-10

Ni 6022

 

Sanicro 56

NiCrMo-4

Ni 6276

 

Sanicro 59

NiCrMo-13

Ni 6059

 

Sanicro 60

NiCrMo-3

Ni 6625

Sandvik grade

AWS ER

*

ISO 18274

 

Sanicro 68 HP

NiCrFe-7

Ni 6052

 

Sanicro 72 HP

NiCr-3

Ni 6082

* (xxx) = nearest equivalent; "xxx" = constructed classification, denotes the type.

PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS FOR WELDING WIRE AND RODS STAINLESS STEELS

Sandvik

Suitable

Mechanical properties typical values at 20ºC (68ºF)

Typical applications

AWS ER

welding

ISO

methods

13.4

MIG

R

p0.2

790

MPa

Suitable for hydroturbine components and surfacing of

410NiMo

TIG

R

m

990

MPa

continuous caster rolls.

13

4

A

15%

 

KV

48 J

19.9.L

MIG

R

p0.2

390

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steels, stabilized or non-stabilized, e.g.

308L

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

304, 304L, 321 and 347, for service temperatures up to 350°C

19

9 L

PAW

A

34%

(662°F). Also for stainless Cr steels with max 19% Cr.

 

SAW

KV

135

J

Cryogenic applications down to -269°C (-452°F), depending on welding process.

19.9.LSi

MIG

R

p0.2

390

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steels, stabilized or non- stabilized, e.g.

308LSi

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

304, 304L, 321 and 347, for service temperatures up to 350°C

19

9 L Si

PAW

A

42%

(662°F). Also for stainless Cr steels with max 19% Cr.

 

KV

120

J

Cryogenic applications down to -269°C (-452°F), depending on welding process.

19.9.Nb

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless, stabilized CrNi steels, e.g. 321 and 347. Due

347

TIG

R

m

610

MPa

to the strengthening effect of Nb, 19.9.Nb is recommended

347

PAW

A

42%

for weld metals subjected to temperatures above 400°C

SAW

KV

150

J

(752°F). Particularly suitable for use in the nuclear industry owing to the low cobalt and impurity levels. Also for overlay welding of pressure vessels for the petrochemical industry.

19.9.NbSi

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless, stabilized CrNi steels, e.g. 321 and 347. Due

347Si

TIG

R

m

610

MPa

to the strengthening effect of Nb, 19.9.NbSi is recommended

19

9 Nb Si

PAW

A

35%

for weld metals subjected to temperatures above 400°C

 

KV

110

J

(752°F).

19.12.3.L

MIG

R

p0.2

410

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNiMo and CrNi steels, stabilized or non-

316L

TIG

R

m

610

MPa

stabilized, e.g. 316, 316L and 316Ti as well as 304, 304L, 321

19

12 3 L

PAW

A

35%

and 347, for service temperatures up to 400°C (752°F). Also

 

SAW

KV

110

J

for stainless Cr steels with max 19% Cr.

19.12.3.LSi

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNiMo and CrNi steels, stabilized or non-

316LSi

TIG

R

m

610

MPa

stabilized, e.g. 316, 316L and 316Ti as well as 304, 304L, 321

19

12 3 L Si

PAW

A

37%

and 347, for service temperatures up to 400°C (752°F). Also

 

KV

130

J

for stainless Cr steels with max 19% Cr.

19.13.4.L

MIG

R

p0.2

380

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNiMo ELC steels, e.g. 316L and 317L, for

317L

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

use in more severe corrosive conditions, e.g. in the

19

13 4 L

PAW

A

47%

petrochemical and pulp and paper industries.

 

SAW

KV

140

J

19.12.3.Nb

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNiMo and CrNi steels, stabilized or non-

318

TIG

R

m

610

MPa

stabilized, e.g. 316, 316L and 316Ti as well as 304, 304L, 321

19

12 3 Nb

PAW

A

36%

and 347, for service temperatures up to 400°C (752°F).

 

SAW

KV

135

J

Sandvik

Suitable

Mechanical properties typical values at 20ºC (68ºF)

Typical applications

AWS ER

welding

ISO

methods

19.12.3.NbSi

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNiMo and CrNi steels, stabilized or non-

"318Si"

TIG

R

m

610

MPa

stabilized, e.g. 316, 316L and 316Ti as well as 304, 304L, 321

19

12 3 Nb

PAW

A

35%

and 347, for service temperatures up to 400°C (752°F).

Si

KV

110

J

18.8.Mn

MIG

R

p0.2

460

MPa

Joining of work-hardenable steels, armor plates, stainless

(307)

TIG

R

m

650

MPa

austenitic Mn steels and free-machining steels, e.g. 303. Also

18

8 Mn Si

PAW

A

41%

for stainless Cr steels with max. 18% Cr, e.g. in the automotive

 

SAW

KV

140

J

industry. Overlay welding of carbon and low-alloy steels.

18.8.CMn

MIG

R

p0.2

460

MPa

Joining of work-hardenable steels, armor plates, stainless

"307C"

TIG

R

m

650

MPa

austenitic Mn steels and free-machining steels, e.g. 303. Also

18

8 Mn

PAW

A

42%

for stainless Cr steels with max. 18% Cr. Overlay welding of

 

SAW

KV

150

J

carbon and low-alloy steels.

24.13.L

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steels of the 309 type, wrought or

309L

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

cast. Also for stainless Cr steels. Dissimilar steels, e.g. austenitic

23

12 L

PAW

A

40%

stainless steel to carbon or low-alloy steels for service up to

 

SAW

KV

140

J

320°C (608°F). First-layer overlay welding of carbon or low-alloy steels to give a 304L deposit.

24.13.LSi

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steels of the 309 type, wrought or

309LSi

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

cast. Also for stainless Cr steels, e.g. in the automotive industry.

23

12 L Si

PAW

A

35%

 

KV

140

J

24.13.LHF

MIG

R

p0.2

410

MPa

Joining of dissimilar steels, e.g. austenitic stainless steel to

309L

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

carbon or low-alloy steel for service temperatures up to 300°C

23

12 L

PAW

A

40%

(572°F). Stainless CrNi steels of the 309 type, wrought or cast.

 

SAW

KV

140

J

Problem solver when center-line cracking occurs with 24,13.L. Overlay welding of carbon or low-alloyed steels.

24.13.Si

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steels of the 304 and 309 types,

309Si

TIG

R

m

640

MPa

wrought or cast. Heat-resistant, similar steels. Dissimilar steels,

22

12 H

PAW

A

35%

e.g. austenitic stainless steel to carbon or low-alloy steel. Also

 

KV

115

J

for stainless Cr steels, e.g. in the automotive industry.

22.15.3.L

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi or CrNiMo steels 304, 309 or 316 to

(309LMo)

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

ensure corrosion resistance in e.g. the pulp and paper industry.

23

12 2 L

PAW

A

40%

For dissimilar joints when alloying with Mo is essential. Overlay

 

SAW

KV

140

J

applications where higher Mo content is desired in the second and third layers.

25.20.C

MIG

R

p0.2

390

MPa

Joining of heat-resistant stainless CrNi steels of the 310 type.

310

TIG

R

m

590

MPa

25

20

PAW

A

43%

 

KV

175

J

29.9

MIG

R

p0.2

520

MPa

Joining of stainless steels where high strength or wear

312

TIG

R

m

730

MPa

resistance is essential. Problem solver when joining similar or

29.9

PAW

A

25%

dissimilar steels with limited weldability. Overlay welding of

SAW

KV

100

J

carbon and low-alloy steels.

22.8.3.L

MIG

R

p0.2

600

MPa

Joining of duplex stainless steels Sandvik 3RE60, SAF 2205

2209

TIG

R

m

750

MPa

and SAF 2304 or other similar duplex steels.

22

9 3 N L

PAW

A

25%

 

SAW

KV

160

J

25.10.4.L

MIG

R

p0.2

650 MPa

Joining of super-duplex stainless steel Sandvik SAF 2507 or

Sandvik

Suitable

Mechanical properties typical values at 20ºC (68ºF)

Typical applications

AWS ER

welding

ISO

methods

-

TIG

R

m

850

MPa

other similar super-duplex steels. Can also be used to join

25

9 4 L

PAW

A

25%

Sandvik SAF 2205 and other duplex steels of the 25% Cr type

 

SAW

KV

160

J

when the highest possible corrosion resistance is desired.

29.8.2.L

MIG

R

p0.2

700

MPa

Joining of super-duplex stainless steel Sandvik SAF 2906 or

-

TIG

R

m

850

MPa

other similar steels.

-

PAW

A

25%

 

KV

180

J

22.12.HT

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless Cr-Ni steel Sandvik 253 MA* or other

-

TIG

R

m

580

MPa

similar high-temperature steels.

-

PAW

A

35%

SAW

KV

120

J

28.34.HT

MIG

R

p0.2

410

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steel Sandvik 353 MA* or other similar

-

TIG

R

m

600

MPa

high-temperature steels.

-

PAW

A

30%

 

KV

120

J

25.20.L

MIG

R

p0.2

380

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNi steel Sandvik 2RE10 or other similar

-

TIG

R

m

590

MPa

steels exposed to heavily oxidizing media, e.g. nitric acid.

-

PAW

A

37%

 

KV

120

J

25.22.2.LMn

MIG

R

p0.2

335

MPa

Joining of stainless CrNiMo steels used in the urea industry,

(310LMo)

TIG

R

m

575

MPa

e.g. Sandvik 2RE69 or other similar steels as well as modified

25

22 2 N L

PAW

A

42%

type 316L. Stainless CrNi and CrNiMo steels, 304L, 304LN and

 

SAW

KV

120

J

316L, 316LN, for cryogenic applications down to -269°C (-452°F) and/or applications demanding low magnetic permeability.

20.25.5.LCu

MIG

R

p0.2

400

MPa

Joining of stainless high-alloy NiCrMoCu grade 904L or other

385

TIG

R

m

540

MPa

similar materials.

20

25 5 Cu

PAW

A

35%

L

SAW

KV

120

J

27.31.4.LCu

MIG

R

p0.2

360

MPa

Joining of stainless super-austenitic grades, e.g. Sanicro 28,

383

TIG

R

m

540

MPa

Alloy 825 or other similar materials.

27

31 4 Cu

PAW

A

35%

L

SAW

KV

165

J

*253 MA and 353 MA are trademarks owned by Outokumpu OY

NICKEL ALLOYS

Sandvik

Suitable

Mechanical properties typical values at 20ºC (68ºF)

Typical applications

AWS ER

welding

ISO

methods

Sanicro 53

MIG

R

p0.2

510

MPa

For joining heat resistant nickel alloys, heat resistant

ERNiCrCoMo-1

TIG

R

m

770

MPa

austenitic and cast alloys such as UNS N08810, UNS

SAW

A

37%

N08811 and N06617. Found in high temperature heat

 

KV

130

J

exchangers and valves, furnace tubing in the petrochemical industry, radiant heat tubes, gas turbines, components subjected to high temperatures in the chemical processing industry and components for power plants.

Sanicro 54

MIG

R

p0.2

500 MPa

For joining UNS N06022 (2.4602). Widely used as

ERNiCrMo-10

TIG

R

m

780

MPa

overmatching filler material for alloy UNS N10276 (2.4819),

SAW

A

40

%

other nickel-chrome-molybdenum alloys and for surfacing

 

KV

110

J

low alloyed steels. Used in aggressively corrosive media such as chlorination systems, geothermal wells, HF furnace scrubbers, pesticide production, phosphoric acid

 

production, SO

2

cooling towers and for weld overlays on

valves.

Sanicro 56

MIG

R

p0.2

470

MPa

For joining of alloy UNS N06022 (2.4602) and other nickel-

ERNiCrMo-4

TIG

Rm

750

MPa

chrome-molybdenum alloys. Can also be used for dissimilar

SAW

A

40

%

metal joining of nickel alloys, stainless steels, low-alloyed

 

KV

170

J

steels and for surfacing low alloyed steels. Found in aggressively corrosive media such as chemical processing plants, pollution control, pulp and paper production, waste treatment and for the recovery of sour natural gas.

Sanicro 59

MIG

R

p0.2

470

MPa

Joining of matching alloys or dissimilar joining to other

ERNiCrMo-13

TIG

Rm

750

MPa

nickel alloys such as UNS N10276 (2.4819), type UNS

SAW

A

45

%

N06022 (2.4602), UNS N06625 (2.4856) and N08825

 

KV

170

J

(2.4858). Nb-free weld metal for dissimilar welds in super- austenitic and super-duplex stainless steel joints or combinations of these with nickel alloys. Also used for surfacing. Found in scrubbers for flue gas desulfurisation (FGD), chemical process plants and in severe offshore and petrochemical environments.

Sanicro 60

MIG

R

p0.2

430

MPa

Joining of Alloy 625, Alloy 825 and other similar materials.

ERNiCrMo-3

TIG

R

m

670

MPa

Dissimilar materials, e.g. austenitic stainless steels to NiCrMo

PAW

A

42%

grades. Steels of the 9% Ni type for cryogenic service. 254

SAW

KV

150

J

SMO* and similar 6% MoN stainless steels. Overlay welding of carbon and low-alloy steels.

Sanicro 68HP

TIG

R

p0.2

420

MPa

Joining of Alloy 690 and Alloy 600. Overlay welding in the

ERNiCrFe-7

PAW

R

m

650

MPa

nuclear industry.

 

-

A

38%

KV

180

J

Sanicro 72HP

MIG

R

p0.2

390

MPa

Joining of Alloy 800, Alloy 800H, Alloy 600 and other similar

ERNiCr-3

TIG

R

m

660

MPa

materials. Steels of 9% Ni type used for cryogenic service.

-

PAW

A

45%

Dissimilar steels, e.g. austenitic stainless steels to carbon

SAW

KV

245

J

steels for high-temperature service, NiCu alloys to carbon steels, and NiCu alloys to nickel alloys.

* 254 SMO is a trademark owned by Outokumpu OY

WELDING WIRE FOR CRYOGENIC APPLICATIONS

For cryogenic applications, the chemical compositions in Sandvik's welding grades are optimized for Charpy- impact toughness and other characteristics which include:

– Extremely low impurity levels to reduce the risk of hot-cracking

– Controlled ferrite content for resistance to microfissuring

– A balanced content of microelements for optimum arc stability and wetting characteristics

Grade group

Alloy

Sandvik designation

AWS

Solid wire

Nickel

Sanicro 60

NiCrMo-3

 

Nickel

Sanicro 72HP

NiCr-3

 

Stainless

Sandvik 25.22.2.LMn

N/A

Grade group

Alloy

Sandvik designation

AWS

 

Stainless

Sandvik 20.25.5.LCu

385

 

Stainless

Sandvik 19.12.3.L Cryo

316L

 

Stainless

Sandvik 19.9.L Cryo

308L

Datasheet updated 10/20/2015 2:41:09 PM (supersedes all previous editions)

10/20/2015 2:41:09 PM (supersedes all previous editions) SANDVIK 12.LNB WELDING WIRE DATASHEET Sandvik 12.LNb is a

SANDVIK 12.LNB WELDING WIRE

DATASHEET

previous editions) SANDVIK 12.LNB WELDING WIRE DATASHEET Sandvik 12.LNb is a filler metal giving a ferritic

Sandvik 12.LNb is a filler metal giving a ferritic micro structure. The niobium addition forms carbides to improve corrosion resistance, increase strength at higher temperatures, and promote the ferritic micro structure. Sandvik 12.LNb may be used to join matching or dissimilar base metals. The greatest usage is for applications where thin stock is fabricated into exhaust system components.

STANDARDS

– AWS 409Nb

Product standards

– ASME/AWS SFA5.9

FILLER METAL

Chemical composition (aim), wt%

C

Si

Mn

P

S

Cr

Nb

<0.04

0.6

0,6

<0.030

<0.015

11,5

0,5

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION (ALL-WELD METAL)

The following data are typical for none heat treated all weld metal made by the MIG/MAG process using Argon +

2% O

2 as shielding gas.

 

C

Si

Mn

P

S

Cr

Nb

<0.04

0.5

0,4

<0.030

<0.015

11,3

0,5

MICROSTRUCTURE (ALL-WELD METAL)

 

Ferritic structure

 

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES (ALL-WELD METAL)

 

Temperature

 

°C

20

Tensile strength, R

M

MPa

450

Elongation, A

5

 

%

20

RECOMMENDED WELDING DATA MIG welding

Electrode positive is used to give good penetration in all types of welded joint. The following table shows common conditions for MIG welding.

Wire diameter, mm

Wire feed, m/min

Current, A

Voltage, V

Gas, l/min

Datasheet updated 10/20/2015 2:41:09 PM (supersedes all previous editions)

Short-arc welding

 

-

-

-

-

 

1.0

4-8

60-140

15-21

12

Spray-arc welding

 

-

-

-

-

 

1.0

6-12

140-220

23-28

18

 

1.2

5-9

180-260

24-29

18

Pulsed-arc welding

1)

-

-

-

-

 

1.2

3-10

150-250

23-31

18

1)

Pulse parameters:

Peak current Background current Frequency

 

300 - 400 A

 

50

- 150 A

80

- 120 Hz

Sandvik can provide recommendations for shielding gases.

Short-arc welding is used with light gauge material of less than about 3 mm, in depositing root runs, and in welding out-of-flat positions.

The higher the inductance in short-arc welding, the higher the fluidity of the molten pool.

Spray-arc welding is normally used for heavier gauge material.

TIG welding

The parameters for TIG welding depend largely upon the base metal thickness and the welding application.

Electrode negative and a shielding gas of argon or helium should be used to prevent oxidation of the weld metal.

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Sandvik materials.

Datasheet updated 6/8/2015 11:56:19 AM (supersedes all previous editions)

6/8/2015 11:56:19 AM (supersedes all previous editions) SANDVIK 13.4 WELDING WIRE DATASHEET Sandvik 13.4 is a

SANDVIK 13.4 WELDING WIRE

DATASHEET

all previous editions) SANDVIK 13.4 WELDING WIRE DATASHEET Sandvik 13.4 is a filler material for the

Sandvik 13.4 is a filler material for the welding of parent metals of similar composition. The weld metal has high hardness and erosion resistance.

Product standards

– EN ISO 14343-A – (13 4)

– ASME/AWS SFA5.9 ER410NiMo

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION Chemical composition, %

C

Si

Mn

P

S

Cr

Ni

Mo

Cu

N

0.01

0.4

0.6

0.002

0.015

12

4.5

0.5

0.3

0.015

APPLICATIONS

Sandvik 13.4 is a filler material for the welding of parent metals of similar composition with high resistance to erosion and cavitation. It is particularly suited for welding hydroturbine components and surfacing continuous caster rolls. Sandvik 13.4 is used for welding with TIG, MIG and PAW.

FORMS OF SUPPLY

Sandvik 13.4 is supplied as wire and straight rods.

WELD METAL CHARACTERISTICS

Sandvik 13.4 provides a martensitic-austenitic microstructure.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Temperature

ºC (ºF)

20 (68)

-20 (-4)

20 (68)

1)

Yield strength, R

P0.2

MPa (ksi)

790 (115)

-

-

Tensile strength, R

m

MPa (ksi)

990 (144)

-

min 760 (110)

Elongation, A

%

15

-

min 15

Reduction in area, Z

%

60

-

-

Impact strength, Charpy V

J (ft lbs)

48 (35)

42 (31)

-

Hardness, Vickers

HV

320

-

-

1)

after heat treatment at 590-620°C (1095- 1150°F), held for 1 hour, and air cooled.

CORROSION RESISTANCE

Sandvik 13.4 has good resistance to erosion corrosion and cavitation.

Datasheet updated 6/8/2015 11:56:19 AM (supersedes all previous editions)

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Sandvik materials.

Datasheet updated 7/20/2015 8:21:23 PM (supersedes all previous editions)

7/20/2015 8:21:23 PM (supersedes all previous editions) SANDVIK 16.25.6. WELDING WIRE DATASHEET FILLER METAL

SANDVIK 16.25.6. WELDING WIRE

DATASHEET

FILLER METAL MECHANICAL PROPERTIES (ALL-WELD METAL)

MIG TIG - typical for non heat treated weld metal

METAL) MIG TIG - typical for non heat treated weld metal Temperature ºC 20 Proof strength,

Temperature

ºC

20

Proof strength, R

p0.2 a

MPa

450

Tensile strength, R

m

MPa

690

Elongation, A5

%

36

Reduction in area, Z

%

57

Impact strength, Charpy V

J

170

Hardness, Vickers

HV

220

a

R p0.2

corresponds to 0.2% offset yield strength

MICROSTRUCTURE (ALL-WELD METAL) RECOMMENDED WELDING DATA

Disclaimer: Recommendations are for guidance only, and the suitability of a material for a specific application can be confirmed only when we know the actual service conditions. Continuous development may necessitate changes in technical data without notice. This datasheet is only valid for Sandvik materials.

Datasheet updated 6/8/2015 12:51:19 PM (supersedes all previous editions)

6/8/2015 12:51:19 PM (supersedes all previous editions) SANDVIK 16.5.1 WELDING WIRE DATASHEET Sandvik 16.5.1 is a

SANDVIK 16.5.1 WELDING WIRE

DATASHEET

previous editions) SANDVIK 16.5.1 WELDING WIRE DATASHEET Sandvik 16.5.1 is a filler material for joining EN

Sandvik 16.5.1 is a filler material for joining EN 1.4418 and similar steels. It is also used for overlay welding. The weld metal has excellent resistance to cavitation and is used typically for shafts, propellers, pumps and valves in for example, in hydropower generation. Sandvik 16.5.1 is available as wire and rods for MIG/MAG, TIG, plasma-arc and submerged-arc welding.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION- FILLER METAL

Chemical composition (aim), wt%

C

Si

Mn

P

S

Cr

Ni