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Compensation of farm income loss through backyard poultry Odisha, Dhenkhanal District, Kankadahad Block
Compensation of farm income loss through backyard poultry
Odisha, Dhenkhanal
District, Kankadahad Block

Vanaraja chicken variety for backyard poultry farming

Changing climatic conditions affect crop production and result in lower incomes of farmers communities.

Climate changes also affect the food and nutrition security of the families.

Promotion of backyard poultry farming with new chicken varieties could help to substitute the loss due to crop failure to some extent.

Poultry farming is easy to conduct.

Landless and marginal farmers and women can earn revenue by selling eggs and meat of the quick growing birds.

Backyard poultry is a part of farming systems mainly run by women farmers women in rural areas. The major

challenge with local birds is low egg production and weight gain. Vanaraja is a dual purpose chicken variety developed by the Project Directorate on poultry in Hyderabad. Vanaraja is suitable for rural communities where it can be reared in backyard feeding mainly from natural scavenged food with minimal supplementation.

It grows faster and produces more eggs than the

available desi variety of poultry. The additional income

with less care will give economical support to farmers. Birds can be reared with less investment and less technicality.

This pilot was initiated in Urbengi village that belongs to Kankadahad block in collaboration with WOTR. After providing training to the villagers, 8 women farmers were selected for implementation of the pilot. They were provided with both day old chicks and twenty eight day old chicks as well. Vaccination was provided and health regularly monitored by Dr. Satya Bikaram Tarai, AVAS Kankadahad, who regularly visited the village and interacted with the farmers. During the pilot project he has visited 8 times the village. Mr. Harihar Khuntia, Livestock Inspector, also frequently visited the village.

Vanaraja reared for both meat and egg purpose. Within six months it gives eggs. In a year one female Vanaraja

can give 200 to 250 eggs. One bird will be 2 to 2.5 kg in

a year. Farmer can get both egg and meat. It was

observed that the birds are more sensitive to cold temperatures. The sheds were constructed and chicks were released with lighting facilities. However, due to frequent power cuts in villages the lights provided were not able to give sufficient warm conditions to the chicks.

not able to give sufficient warm conditions to the chicks. But the women were enthusiastic and

But the women were enthusiastic and adopted various techniques to make them survive in adverse conditions.

The mortality percentage was around 6% and they were able to make them survive to a greater extent. The chicks have grown up and attained the 1.8 kg at the sexual maturity stage. They started egg laying and the women were happy to get the additional income from these hens.

The key learning was that the landless and marginal farmers/ women would be able to earn revenue by selling eggs and meat of the quick growing birds. It was shown that the birds can be reared with less investment and less technicality.

and meat of the quick growing birds. It was shown that the birds can be reared
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal
Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal

Ms. Sebati Singh wife of Biragi Singh of Urbengi village under Kankadahad Block of Dhenkanal

District shares her experience that she is happy rearing improved Vanaraja variety of poultry bird.

It gives more eggs and more profit with same risk

and labour as in indigenous poultry bird. It also supplements the nutrition of her family members.

She expressed her happiness and appeals to other

women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry

bird.

to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry
to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry
to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry
to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry
to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry
to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry
to other women of the village to rear Vanaraja poultry bird. Economics of Back yard poultry

Economics of Back yard poultry rearing (8 women farmers):

Economics
Economics

Construction of back yard poultry farm (Fixed cost)

Rs. 17600

Cost of 176 chicks

Rs.4800

Feed and Medicine

Rs. 2150

Miscellaneous cost

Rs.850

Total cost

Rs. 25400

Income from eggs (250x8x88) taking 50% female birds

Rs. 176000

Income from (176 birds x3 kg x Rs.150)

Rs.255200

Net income for 8 women farmers

Rs. 229800

Each women farmer got on average

Rs.28725

Ms. Susila Singh, W/O Banamali Singh believes that this is a good initiative by government to increase the economic condition of poor tribal people. It can be practiced in any season and any climatic condition. This initiative will increase the nutrition security and income level of poor farmers.

One indigenous bird can give 100 to 150 eggs in a year which cost maximum Rs. 1200/- at the rate of Rs. 8/- per egg.

The weight of an indigenous bird will be maximum 2 kg in a year which will cost nearly Rs. 400/-.

Total income from one indigenous bird is Rs. 1200 + 400=Rs. 1600/-

One Vanaraja poultry bird gives 250 eggs in a year which costs Rs.

2000/-.

The weight of an Vanaraja poultry bird will be maximum 3 kg in a year which will cost nearly Rs. 450/-.

Total income from one Vanaraja bird is Rs. 2000+ 450= Rs.2450/-.

Variation in income is Rs. 2450 – 1600 = Rs. 850/-

There is 53 per cent increase in income from one Vanaraja poultry bird.

Only cost of one 28 days Vanaraja poultry bird will be Rs. 50/- where as the cost of one 28 days indigenous poultry bird will be nearly Rs. 30/-. There is variation of Rs. 20/-.

Information prepared by:

CCKN-IA Climate Change Knowledge Network in Indian Agriculture A network which makes a difference.

Foster knowledge through exchange. http://cckn-ia.org/en/ https://nice.cckn-ia.org/