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LEED Green Associate Exam Review Course - 2011 Instructor: Jeff Vincent LEED AP
LEED Green Associate
Exam Review Course - 2011
Instructor:
Jeff Vincent
LEED AP
LEARNING OBJECTIVES  REVIEW COURSE OVERVIEW, LOGISTICS SESSION  WHAT TO EXPECT ONE  EXAM
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
 REVIEW COURSE OVERVIEW,
LOGISTICS
SESSION
 WHAT TO EXPECT
ONE
 EXAM & CREDENTIALING OVERVIEW
TO
WHY BUILD GREEN & INTRODUCTION
USGBC AND LEED
- BREAK -
The purpose of this review course is to help YOU to study effectively in order
The purpose of this review
course is
to help YOU to study
effectively in
order that you will be
successful
and pass the exam.
LEED GA
REVIEW
COURSE
LEED
EXAM OVERVIEW REVIEW ALL SECTIONS OF LEED REFERENCE GUIDE WHAT TO EXPECT OPEN DISCUSSION –
EXAM OVERVIEW
REVIEW ALL SECTIONS OF LEED REFERENCE GUIDE
WHAT TO
EXPECT
OPEN DISCUSSION – ASK QUESTIONS
ACCESS TO PRACTICE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS
STUDY TIPS
ADDITIONAL MATERIALS AND STUDY RESOURCES
ADVICE FROM LEED ACCREDITED PROFESSIONALS
ANY ANSWERS TO THE EXAM TO PASS THE EXAM WITHOUT INVESTING ANY SIGNIFICANT PREPARATION TIME
ANY ANSWERS TO THE EXAM
TO PASS THE EXAM WITHOUT INVESTING ANY
SIGNIFICANT PREPARATION TIME
WHAT NOT
TO EXPECT
TO GET ANYTHING OUT OF THE REVIEW SESSION
WITHOUT READING THE MATERIAL
DISCUSSION OR DEBATE ABOUT RECENT
LEED/USGBC/GBCI INITIATIVES AND ISSUES
TO REGISTER COMPLAINTS ABOUT USGBC
MATERIALS OR WEBSITE
Exam Overview
Exam
Overview
LEED GREEN ASSOCIATE OPTION A - Documented involvement on a LEED-registered project. OPTION B -
LEED GREEN ASSOCIATE
OPTION A - Documented involvement on a LEED-registered
project.
OPTION B - Employment (or previous employment) in a
sustainable field of work.
OPTION C - Engagement in (or completion of) an education
program that addresses green building principles.
AND Successful completion of the LEED Green Associate
Exam.
LEED AP
A. Agree to the Disciplinary and Exam Appeals Policy and
Credentialing Maintenance Program (CMP).
B. Document professional experience on a LEED project,
within the last 3 years, with verification through LEED
Online or employer attestation.
C. Submit to application audit. 5%-7% of all applications
will be audited
AND Successful Completion of LEED Specialty Exam in one of
the following:
• Building Design + Construction (BD+C)
• Interior Design + Construction (ID+C)
• Homes
• Neighborhood Development (ND)
• Operations + Maintenance (O+M)
** You can sit for both exams concurrently.
CREDENTIALING MAINTENANCE PROGRAM (CMP) REQUIREMENTS: LEED GREEN ASSOCIATE: 15 Hours (3 LEED Specific), Every 2
CREDENTIALING MAINTENANCE PROGRAM
(CMP) REQUIREMENTS:
LEED GREEN ASSOCIATE:
15 Hours (3 LEED Specific), Every 2
years
LEED AP WITH SPECIALTY
30 hours (6 LEED Specific), every 2
years
LEED FELLOW
none
1. READ THE GBCI G.A. CANDIDATE HANDBOOK 2. STUDY & PREP – USE REFERENCE GUIDES
1. READ THE GBCI G.A. CANDIDATE
HANDBOOK
2. STUDY & PREP – USE REFERENCE GUIDES
& DOCS IN THE HANDBOOK AS STUDY AIDS
STEPS TO
THE G.A.
EXAM
3. REGISTER FOR & SCHEDULE YOUR EXAM
GREEN ASSOCIATE EXAM •100 randomly selected, multiple choice questions • 2 hours to take exam
GREEN ASSOCIATE EXAM
•100 randomly selected, multiple choice
questions
• 2 hours to take exam (exam tutorial not
included
in time
limit)
•Score Range is 125-200, 170 is minimum passing
score
ACCREDITED PROFFESIONAL SPECIALTY EXAM
• 100 randomly selected, multiple choice
questions
• 2 hours to take exam (exam tutorial not
included
in time limit)
• Score range is 125-200, 170 is minimum passing
score
NOTE **Both exams may be taken together, you
will have 4 hours to complete them both. There
is no scheduled break between exams, although
you may leave the exam room, but your time will
not stop.
If you pass one part of the exam and
not the other, you are only required to re-take
the part of the exam that you did not pass.
WHAT TO BRING?
EXAM QUESTION TYPES RECALL QUESTIONS: tests direct knowledge of concepts, e.g. definitions, facts, processes and
EXAM QUESTION TYPES
RECALL QUESTIONS:
tests direct knowledge of concepts, e.g. definitions, facts, processes
and synergies
APPLICATION QUESTIONS:
tests knowledge of procedures and performances, how things work,
calculations, formulas, order of steps in processes, and process
application
ANALYSIS QUESTIONS:
Test reasoning and problem-solving, demonstrating understanding of how
things work,
• Test attempts to apply application of knowledge to actual situations involved in certifying a
• Test attempts to apply application of
knowledge to actual situations involved in
certifying a LEED project
• Know submittal documentation requirements
for credits
• Know reference standards thoroughly for
each credits/prerequisite
• Be knowledgeable about calculation
methodology, but will not be required to
perform actual calculations
• Must be familiar with multiple credits to
answer single question
• Understand certification process including
review, fees, etc.
• Practice exam/questions to test knowledge
but do not expect exam questions to be
similar
WHAT TO STUDY MATERIALS + RESOURCES Green Building & LEED Core Concepts, 1 st Edition
WHAT TO STUDY MATERIALS + RESOURCES
Green Building & LEED Core Concepts, 1 st
Edition www.usgbc.org/resources>Publications
Candidate Handbook
http://www.gbci.org/main-nav/professional-
credentials/candidate-handbooks.aspx
LEED V3 Reference Guide
www.usgbc.org/resources>Publications
LEED GA/AP
RESOURCES
Studio 4 FREE study guide
PPI - www.ppi2pass.com
LEED Certification Process
www.usgbc.org/leed>LEEDCertification
LEED Online www.usgbc.org/leed>LEED-Online
LEED Credit Templates
www.usgbc.org/leed>LEEDRatingSystems
LEED Credit Interpretation Process
www.usgbc.org/leed>CIR
LEED NC Technical Workshop
www.usgbc.org/education>workshops
LEED Essentials for Professional
Accreditation (Online Course)
The Triple Bottom Line Reduced Environmental Impact. Peak Efficiency. Improved Capitalization Rates. Increased
The Triple
Bottom Line
Reduced
Environmental
Impact.
Peak
Efficiency.
Improved
Capitalization
Rates.
Increased
Marketability.
Higher Lease
Rates.
Improved
Productivity.
Reduced
Absenteeism.
ECONOMICS
PEOPLE
ENVIRONMENT
USGBC is a community of leaders working to transform the way buildings and communities are
USGBC is a
community of leaders
working to transform
the
way buildings and
communities are
designed, built, and
operated. We promote
buildings that are:
WHO
WE ARE
ENVIRONMENTALLY RESPONSIBLE
ECONOMICALLY PROFITABLE
HEALTHY PLACES TO LIVE, WORK, TEACH AND
LEARN
Architects Product Manufacturers Federal, Local, and State Governments Building Owners Nonprofit Leaders Planners
Architects
Product
Manufacturers
Federal,
Local,
and State Governments
Building
Owners
Nonprofit Leaders
Planners
USGBCUSGBC
Engineers
Interior
Financial
Designers
Planners
Utility
Managers
Landscape
Architects
Building
Tenants
Property
Code
Managers
Officials
Each Chapter made up of is – even more local Branches find yours!
Each
Chapter
made
up of
is – even
more
local
Branches
find
yours!
Introduction
Introduction
LEED Reference Guide User’s Manual for LEED Defines criteria Examples of strategies Not exhaustive Contents
LEED Reference
Guide
User’s Manual for LEED
Defines criteria
Examples of strategies
Not exhaustive
Contents of Reference Guide
Prerequisites and Credits
Required Submittals
Referenced Standards
Green Building Concerns
Design Approach
Synergies & Trade-Offs
Calculations
Additional Resources
Case Study
INTEGRATIVE APPROACH • Whole Team: Owner, User Group, Architect, Engineers, GC, Facilities/Maint. Staff • Whole
INTEGRATIVE APPROACH
• Whole Team: Owner, User Group,
Architect, Engineers, GC,
Facilities/Maint. Staff
• Whole Process:
– Pre-design
– Design (all phases)
– Bidding
– Construction (all phases)
– Occupancy

LEADERSHIP in ENERGY and ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN

A leading-edge system for certifying DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, & OPERATIONS of the greenest buildings in the world

Scores are tallied for different aspects of efficiency and design in appropriate categories. Standard categories:
Scores are tallied for
different aspects of
efficiency and design
in appropriate
categories.
Standard categories:
1. Site Planning
2. Water Management
3. Energy Management
4. Material Use
5. Indoor
Environmental
Air Quality
6. Innovation &
Design Process
System-Specific Categories 7. Location & Linkages 8. Awareness & Education 9. Smart Location & Linkages
System-Specific
Categories
7. Location & Linkages
8. Awareness &
Education
9. Smart Location &
Linkages
10. Neighborhood
Pattern & Design
11. Green
Infrastructure &
Buildings
EACH CREDIT CATEGORY
EACH CREDIT CATEGORY

Population vs. Consumption

Population

5%

88%

Portland Cement Association

Energy Consumption

7%

United States

56%

25%

19%

Other G7 countries

Rest of the world

30-70% ENERGY SAVINGS VERIFIED PERFORMANCE HOW CAN LEED HELP? REDUCED LIABILITY & IMPROVED RISK MANAGEMENT
30-70%
ENERGY
SAVINGS
VERIFIED
PERFORMANCE
HOW CAN
LEED HELP?
REDUCED
LIABILITY &
IMPROVED
RISK
MANAGEMENT
ENHANCED
PRODUCTIVITY
INCREASED
VALUE
MINIMUM PROGRAM REQUIREMENTS 1. MUST COMPLY WITH ALL ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS 2. MUST BE A COMPLETE,
MINIMUM PROGRAM
REQUIREMENTS
1. MUST COMPLY WITH ALL ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS
2. MUST BE A COMPLETE, PERMANENT BUILDING OR SPACE
3. MUSE USE A REASONABLE SITE BOUNDARY
4. MUST COMPLY WITH MINIMUM FLOOR AREA REQUIREMENTS:
Min. 1000 SF
except for CI = 250 SF
5. MUST COMPLY WITH MINIMUM OCCUPANCY RATES
6. MUST COMMIT TO SHARING WHOLE BUILDING ENERGY & WATER USAGE DATA
7. MUST COMPLY WITH MINIMUM BUILDING AREA TO SITE RATIO:
Gross floor area no less than 2% of gross land area within LEED
boundary
WHEN TO USE EACH SYSTEM
WHEN TO USE EACH
SYSTEM
LEED – NC LEED FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION AND MAJOR RENOVATIONS LEED PURPOSE •Define and measure
LEED – NC
LEED FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION AND
MAJOR RENOVATIONS
LEED
PURPOSE
•Define and measure “Green Building”
•Prevent “Green washing”
RATING
•Evaluate environmental performance from
whole-building
perspective
SYSTEM
HISTORY
•LEED 1.0 Pilot Program (August, 1998)
•LEED 2.0 (March, 2000)
•LEED 2.1 (May, 2003)
•LEED 2.2 (November, 2005)
•LEED V3 (April 2009)
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT PROCESS
•Review rating system and reference guide
every 3 years
•Steering Committee, Product Committees,
Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs)
LEED version at time of registration is
maintained
throughout certification.
POINTS REQUIRED TO MEET CERTIFICATION LEVELS CERTIFIED 40 – 49 POINTS SILVER 50 – 59
POINTS REQUIRED TO MEET CERTIFICATION
LEVELS
CERTIFIED
40 – 49 POINTS
SILVER
50 – 59 POINTS
LEVELS
GOLD
60 – 79 POINTS
PLATINUM
80 + POINTS
TOTAL OF 110 POINTS AVAILABLE
ALL PREREQUISITES MUST BE MET

CERTIFICATION

Sustainable Sites
Sustainable Sites
Efficient Water Use
Efficient Water Use
Energy & Atmosphere
Energy & Atmosphere
Materials & Resources
Materials & Resources
IEQ
IEQ
Innovation Up to 10 additional credits Innovation: 1~5 Credits LAP: 1 Credit Regional: 1~4 Credits
Innovation
Up to 10
additional credits
Innovation: 1~5
Credits
LAP:
1 Credit
Regional: 1~4
Credits
END OF SESSION ONE BREAK TIME
END OF SESSION ONE
BREAK TIME
LEARNING OBJECTIVES SESSION  SUSTAINABLE SITES TWO  WATER EFFICIENCY - END OF SESSION -
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
SESSION
 SUSTAINABLE SITES
TWO
 WATER EFFICIENCY
- END OF SESSION -
Sustainable Sites
Sustainable
Sites
Sustainable Sites
Sustainable Sites
• 29% of LEED Points 1 PREREQUISITE 8 CREDIT CATEGORIES • Maintain/enhance local ecology 26
• 29% of LEED Points
1
PREREQUISITE
8
CREDIT CATEGORIES
• Maintain/enhance local
ecology
26 POSSIBLE POINTS
• Mimic ecological features
SUSTAINABLE
• Minimize heat absorption
SITES
• Minimize the need for
additional infrastructure
OVERVIEW
• Minimize the vehicle use
• Reduce encroachment on
agricultural land areas
• Stormwater run off issues
• Water quality
• Impact on undeveloped lands
• Improve previously
contaminated sites
GREEN BUILDING CONCERNS 1 PREREQUISITE 8 CREDIT CATEGORIES 26 POSSIBLE POINTS Where do we put
GREEN BUILDING CONCERNS
1
PREREQUISITE
8
CREDIT CATEGORIES
26 POSSIBLE POINTS
Where do we put the building to reduce
impacts?
• Avoid natural areas or protected
habitats
SUSTAINABLE
• Build in already-developed areas
SITES
• Take advantage of public transportation
OVERVIEW
How do we protect the site?
• Minimize the footprint
• Limit construction disturbances and
plan restoration
• Limit stormwater runoff and erosion
• Reduce heat islands and light pollution
INTENT Reduce pollution from construction activities by controlling soil erosion, waterway sedimentation and airborne
INTENT
Reduce pollution from construction activities
by controlling soil erosion, waterway
sedimentation and airborne dust generation.
SS PREREQUISITE I
CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITY
POLLUTION PREVENTION
REQUIRED FOR CERTIFICATION
REQUIREMENTS
 Prevent loss of soil by runoff or wind
 Protecting stockpiled topsoil
 Prevent sedimentation of storm sewers or
streams
SUSTAINABLE
 Prevent air pollution
SITES
 Site-specific sediment and erosion control
plan
 Temporary and permanent seeding
 Structural control measures include
earth dikes, silt fencing, sediment and
traps & basins
 Meet EPA or local codes (whichever is more
stringent)
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System (NPDES)
INTENT Avoid development of inappropriate sites and reduce the environmental impact from the location of
INTENT
Avoid development of inappropriate sites
and reduce the environmental impact from
the location of the building on the site.
SS CREDIT I
SITE SELECTION
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Do not develop:
 Prime farmland
SUSTAINABLE
 Previously undeveloped land lower than 5’
above the FEMA 100 year flood plain
SITES
 Endangered species habitats
 Within 100 feet of wetlands or per local
laws if more stringent
 Previously undeveloped land that is within
50’ of a water body
 Public parkland, unless a land trade is
accepted
REFERENCED STANDARDS
 USDA’s definition of Prime Farmland
 FEMA 100 year flood plain
 US Fish and Wildlife, Marine Fisheries
and local
endangered species lists
 Wetlands definitions
INTENT Channel development into urban areas with existing infrastructure, protect greenfields, and preserve habitat and
INTENT
Channel development into urban areas with
existing infrastructure, protect
greenfields, and preserve habitat and
natural resources.
SS CREDIT 2
DEVELOPMENT DENSITY AND
COMMUNITY CONNECTIVITY
5 POINTS AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Option 1: Development Density
 Increase localized density
SUSTAINABLE
 Existing density of 60,000 SF per acre
 Two story downtown development with
covered parking
OR
Option 2 – Community Connectivity
Construct or renovate a building on:
SITES
 A previously developed site
 Within a ½ mile of a residential zone or
neighborhood w/ average density of 10
units/acre within ½ mile of 10 or more
basic services with pedestrian access
between buildings and services.
REFERENCED STANDARDS
 USDA’s definition of Prime Farmland
 FEMA 100 year flood plain
 US Fish and Wildlife, Marine Fisheries
and local
endangered species lists
REQUIREMENTS (continued…) SS CREDIT 2 DEVELOPMENT DENSITY AND COMMUNITY CONNECTIVITY 5 POINTS AVAILABLE 
REQUIREMENTS (continued…)
SS CREDIT 2
DEVELOPMENT DENSITY AND
COMMUNITY CONNECTIVITY
5 POINTS AVAILABLE
 Development Density = Gross Building Area
÷
Project Site Area
 Density Radius = 3 x √(property area)
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
 Proximity is determined by drawing a ½
mile radius
around the main building entrance on a
site map
and counting the services with in that
radius. (Radii
can be drawn around more than one
building or
main entrance).
 21 services listed as examples.
INTENT Rehabilitate damaged sites where development is complicated by environmental contamination, thereby reducing
INTENT
Rehabilitate damaged sites where
development is complicated by environmental
contamination, thereby reducing pressure on
undeveloped land.
SS CREDIT 3
BROWNFIELD REDEVELOPMENT
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Develop sites that have:
SUSTAINABLE
 Documented Phase II Environmental Site
Assessment
OR
SITES
 Governmental Agency documented Brownfield
INTENT OF CREDIT
 Remove hazardous materials – remediation
work
must be performed.
 Social and economic revitalization
 Includes rehab of existing buildings
INTENT Reduce pollution and land development impacts from automobile use. SS CREDIT 4.I ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION:
INTENT
Reduce pollution and land development impacts
from automobile use.
SS CREDIT 4.I
ALTERNATIVE
TRANSPORTATION: PUBLIC
TRANSPORTATION ACCESS
6 POINTS AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Proximity to mass Transit:
 Within ½ mile of an existing (or planned
and funded) commuter, light rail or subway
station
SUSTAINABLE
 Within ¼ mile of 2 or more public or
campus bus lines
SITES
 Show pedestrian routeroute not radius
 Exemplary Performance: demonstrate a
quantifiable reduction in personal
automobile use
through multiple alternative options
INTENT Reduce pollution and land development impacts from automobile use. SS CREDIT 4.2 ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION:
INTENT
Reduce pollution and land development
impacts from automobile use.
SS CREDIT 4.2
ALTERNATIVE
TRANSPORTATION: BICYCLE
STORAGE AND CHANGING ROOMS
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Commercial/Institutional:
 Provide secure bicycle racks and/or
storage (within
200 yards of a building entrance) for 5%
of
occupants (determine peak users) and
provide
shower/changing facilities for .5% of
FTE occupants
OR
Residential:
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
 For 15% of building occupants, in lieu of
changing facilities
FTE = total occupant hours/8
EXEMPLARY PERFORMANCE
 Provide a comprehensive transportation
management plan
INTENT Reduce pollution and land development impacts from automobile use. REQUIREMENTS Option 1 Provide preferred
INTENT
Reduce pollution and land development
impacts from automobile use.
REQUIREMENTS
Option 1
Provide preferred parking for low-emitting
and fuel efficient vehicles for 5% of
total vehicle parking capacity.
SS CREDIT 4.3
ALTERNATIVE
TRANSPORTATION: LOW
EMISSION AND FUEL
EFFICIENT VEHICLES
3 POINTS AVAILABLE
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
Option 2
Install alternative-fuel refueling
stations for 3% of the total vehicle
parking capacity of the site.
Option 3
Provide low-emitting and fuel-efficient
vehicles for 3% of full-time equivalent
(FTE) occupants.
Option 4
Provide building occupants access to a
low-emitting or fuel-efficient vehicle-
sharing program.
INTENT Reduce pollution and land development impacts from automobile use. SS CREDIT 4.4 ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION:
INTENT
Reduce pollution and land development
impacts from automobile use.
SS CREDIT 4.4
ALTERNATIVE
TRANSPORTATION: PARKING
CAPACITY
2 POINTS AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
CASE 1: Non-Residential Projects
Option 1
 Must not exceed local zoning requirements
SUSTAINABLE
 Provide preferred parking for
carpools/vanpools
serving 5% of occupants
SITES
Option 2 (for projects that provide
parking for < 5% of FTE building
occupants)
 Provide preferred parking for
carpools/vanpools
serving 5% of occupants
Option 3
 Provide no new parking.
CASE 2: Residential Projects
Option 1
 Must not exceed local zoning
requirements.
REQUIREMENTS (continued…) CASE 3: Mixed-Use Projects Option I SS CREDIT 4.4 ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION: PARKING
REQUIREMENTS (continued…)
CASE 3: Mixed-Use Projects
Option I
SS CREDIT 4.4
ALTERNATIVE
TRANSPORTATION: PARKING
CAPACITY
2 POINTS AVAILABLE
 < 10% commercial – use residential
 > 10% split requirements
ALL CASES
Appendix 1 Default Occupancy Count
Guidelines.
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
CASE 2: Residential Projects
Option 1
 Meet MINIMUM local zoning requirements
 Provide infrastructure and support
programs to
facilitate shared vehicle use (carpool
drop off
areas, parking for vanpools, car
sharing…)
INTENT Conserve existing natural areas and restore damaged areas to provide habitat and promote biodiversity.
INTENT
Conserve existing natural areas and restore
damaged areas to provide habitat and
promote biodiversity.
SS CREDIT 5.I
SITE DEVELOPMENT:
PROTECT OR RESTORE HABITAT
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Greenfield sites:
 Limit site disturbance
SUSTAINABLE
 40’ beyond building perimeter
 15’ beyond primary roadway curbs
 25’ beyond permeable constructed
areas
SITES
 10’ beyond surface walkways, patios,
parking,
utilities <12” in diameter
OR
On previously developed sites:
 Restore 50% of site area (excluding
footprint) or 20%
of the total site area (including
footprint), whichever
is greater, with native/adapted
vegetation
EXEMPLARY PERFORMANCE
Restore or protect ≥75% of the site
(excluding the building footprint) with
INTENT Provide high ratio of open space to development footprint to promote biodiversity. SS CREDIT
INTENT
Provide high ratio of open space to
development footprint to promote
biodiversity.
SS CREDIT 5.2
SITE DEVELOPMENT:
MAXIMIZE OPEN SPACE
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
CASE I
 Reduce the development footprint
(building,
access roads, parking) and exceed local
zoning
open space requirement by 25%
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
CASE 2 (for areas with no local zoning code)
 Provide open space equal to the
development
footprint (owner must state that open
space will be
conserved for building’s life)
CASE 3 (for sites with zoning but no
requirement for open space)
 Provide vegetated open space ≥ 20% of the
site area.
REQUIREMENTS  For projects located in an urban area that earn SS Credit 2, vegetative
REQUIREMENTS
 For projects located in an urban area that
earn SS
Credit 2, vegetative roofs can contribute
to credit
compliance.
SS CREDIT 5.2
SITE DEVELOPMENT:
MAXIMIZE OPEN SPACE
I POINT AVAILABLE
 For projects located in an urban area that
earn SS
Credit 2, pedestrian-oriented hardscapes
can
contribute to credit compliance as long as
25% of the
open space is vegetated.
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
 Wetlands or naturally designed ponds may
count as
open space if the side slope gradients
average 1:4
(v:h) or less and are vegetated.
EXEMPLARY PREFORMANCE
Double open space standard
INTENT Limit disruption of natural hydrology by reducing impervious cover, increasing on- site infiltration, managing
INTENT
Limit disruption of natural hydrology by
reducing impervious cover, increasing on-
site infiltration, managing stormwater
runoff, and eliminating contaminants.
SS CREDIT 6.I
STORMWATER DESIGN:
QUANTITY CONTROL
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Option 1: Existing imperviousness ≤50%
Implement a stormwater management plan that
prevents the post-development peak
discharge rate and quantity from exceeding
the pre-development peak discharge rate and
quantity for the 1 and 2 year, 24 hour
design storms.
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
OR
Option 2: Existing imperviousness ≥50%
Implement a stormwater management plan for
25% DECREASE in volume of runoff from the 2
year, 24 hour design storm.

IMPACTS FROM URBANIZATION

IMPACTS FROM URBANIZATION
INTENT Limit disruption and pollution of natural water flows by managing stormwater runoff SS CREDIT
INTENT
Limit disruption and pollution of natural
water flows by managing stormwater runoff
SS CREDIT 6.2
STORMWATER DESIGN:
QUALITY CONTROL
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Implement a stormwater management plan that:
 Reduces impervious cover
 Promotes infiltration
SUSTAINABLE
 Captures and treats runoff from 90% of
the average annual rainfall using
acceptable best management practices
(BMP).
SITES
BMPs used to treat runoff must:
 Remove 80% of post-development total
suspended solids (TSS)
 Meet local standards
 Use an in-field performance monitoring
system
REQUIREMENTS (continued…) Non- structural Measures: SS CREDIT 6.2 STORMWATER DESIGN:  Capture and treat using
REQUIREMENTS (continued…)
Non- structural Measures:
SS CREDIT 6.2
STORMWATER DESIGN:
 Capture and treat using natural methods.
 Vegetation, swales, disconnection of
impervious areas
QUALITY CONTROL
I POINT AVAILABLE
Structural measures:
 Rainwater cisterns
 Manhole treatment devices
SUSTAINABLE
 Reuse for irrigation
 Reuse in a gray water system
SITES
CALCULATIONS
 Determine average annual rainfall
 Non-Structural: determine filtration rates
 Structural: confirm equipment capacity
 Combination
INTENT Reduce heat islands to minimize impact on microclimates and human and wildlife habitats SS
INTENT
Reduce heat islands to minimize impact on
microclimates and human and wildlife
habitats
SS CREDIT 7.I
HEAT ISLAND EFFECT: NON
ROOF
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Option 1
For 50% of non-roof impervious surfaces
provide any combination of:
SUSTAINABLE
 Shade from existing tree canopy or within
5 years of
landscape install
SITES
 Shade from structures covered by solar
panels
 Shade from structures having a Solar
Reflectance
Index (SRI) of at least 29.
 Pave with materials having a Solar
Reflectance Index
(SRI) of at least 29.
 Open-grid paving
Option 2
 Place 50% of parking under ground or
covered by
parking structure
 Any roof structure must have a SRI of ≥29
or covered
CALCULATIONS (continued…)  Q = (O+R+S) SS CREDIT 7.I HEAT ISLAND EFFECT: NON ROOF I
CALCULATIONS (continued…)
 Q = (O+R+S)
SS CREDIT 7.I
HEAT ISLAND EFFECT: NON
ROOF
I POINT AVAILABLE
 Q > T/2
 Q = sum of open space paving, high
reflectance
paving, and shaded area
SUSTAINABLE
 T = sum of all non-roof hardscape surfaces
 O = total area of all open grid paving
SITES
systems(≥50%)
 R = total area of all hardscapes with a
SRI value ≥29
 S = effective shade area
VOCABULARY
Albedo
Emissivity
Pervious
Solar Reflectance Index (SRI)
INTENT Reduce heat islands to minimize impact on microclimates and human and wildlife habitats SS
INTENT
Reduce heat islands to minimize impact on
microclimates and human and wildlife
habitats
SS CREDIT 7.2
HEAT ISLAND EFFECT: ROOF
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Option I: High SRI
For a minimum of 75% of roof surface, use
roofing materials having a SRI ≥
SUSTAINABLE
 78 for a low sloped roof
(≤ 2:12)
 29 for a steep sloped roof (>2:12)
SITES
Option 2: Vegetated
 Install a vegetated roof for 50% of roof
area
Option 3: Combination
Install a combination of high SRI &
vegetative per the following criteria:
 (Area of roof ÷ 75%) + (Area of Vegetated Roof ÷50%) =
Total Roof Area
EXEMPLARY PERFORMANCE
100% of roof is green
POTENTIAL SUSTAINABLE SITES CREDITS SS Credit 6.1 Stormwater Design: Quantity Control (1 point) GREEN ROOF
POTENTIAL SUSTAINABLE SITES CREDITS
SS Credit 6.1
Stormwater Design: Quantity Control (1
point)
GREEN ROOF
SYNERGIES
SS Credit 6.2
Stormwater Design: Quality Control (1
point)
SS Credit 7.2
Heat Island Effect Green Roof (1-2
points)
INTENT •Minimize light trespass •Reduce sky-glow •Improve night time visibility through glare reduction
INTENT
•Minimize light trespass
•Reduce sky-glow
•Improve night time visibility through
glare reduction
•Reduce impact on nocturnal environments
SS CREDIT 8
LIGHT POLLUTION REDUCTION
I POINT AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
SUSTAINABLE
For Interior Lighting:
SITES
Option 1
Reduce the input power to any openings in the
envelope by at least 50% between 11 p.m.
and 5 a.m.
Option 2
All openings in the envelope must have
shielding for a resultant transmittance of
less than 10% between
5 a.m.
11 p.m. and
REQUIREMENTS (continued…) SS CREDIT 8 LIGHT POLLUTION REDUCTION I POINT AVAILABLE For Exterior Lighting: Only
REQUIREMENTS (continued…)
SS CREDIT 8
LIGHT POLLUTION REDUCTION
I POINT AVAILABLE
For Exterior Lighting:
Only light areas required for safety and
comfort
Lighting power densities must not exceed
ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA Standard 90.1-2007
Meet exterior lighting control
requirements from ANSI/ASHRAE/IESNA
Standard 90.1-2007
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
Lighting Zones:
LZ1 – Dark (park & rural)
LZ2 – Low (residential)
LZ3 – Medium (C/I/HDR)
LZ4 – High (major city centers &
entertainment districts)
• ACID RAIN • ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES • BIODIVERSITY • BIOMASS • BIOSWALE • BROWNFIELD
• ACID RAIN
• ALTERNATIVE FUEL VEHICLES
• BIODIVERSITY
• BIOMASS
• BIOSWALE
• BROWNFIELD
• BUILDING DENSITY
SUSTAINABLE
• BUILDING FOOTPRINT
• COMMUNITY CONNECTIVITY
SITES
• DEVELOPMENT DENSITY
• DIVERSITY OF USES OR HOUSING TYPES
VOCABULARY
• DRY PONDS
• FLOODPLAIN
• FLOOR-TO-AREA RATIO
• FOOT CANDLE
• HEAT ISLAND EFFECT
• IMPERVIOUSNESS
• NATIVE & ADAPTED PLANTS
• PERVIOUSNESS
• PRIME FARMLAND
• RAIN GARDEN
• SITE DISTURBANCE
• SOLAR REFLECTANCE INDEX (SRI)
• STORMWATER RUNOFF
• STREET GRID DENSITY
• TRANSPORTATION DEMAND MANAGEMENT
• VEHICLE MILES TRAVELED (VMT)
• WETLAND VEGETATION
• XERISCAPING
QUESTIONS ON SUSTAINABLE SITES? SUSTAINABLE SITES
QUESTIONS ON
SUSTAINABLE
SITES?
SUSTAINABLE
SITES
Water Efficiency
Water
Efficiency
Efficient Water Use
Efficient Water Use
1 PREREQUISITE  3700 Billion Gallon annual water deficit in U.S. 3 CREDIT CATEGORIES 10
1
PREREQUISITE
 3700 Billion Gallon annual
water deficit in U.S.
3
CREDIT CATEGORIES
10 POSSIBLE POINTS
 Energy Policy Act of 1992
mandated use of low-flow
plumbing fixtures
WATER
EFFICIENCY
 Water efficient measures in
commercial buildings can
reduce consumption by 30% or
more
OVERVIEW
 Water Types:
 Potable
 Graywater
 Blackwater
 Wastewater
 St
t
1 PREREQUISITE 3 CREDIT CATEGORIES 10 POSSIBLE POINTS 3 AREAS OF WATER USE FOR A
1
PREREQUISITE
3
CREDIT CATEGORIES
10 POSSIBLE POINTS
3 AREAS OF WATER USE FOR A BUILDING
• INDOOR WATER
WATER
• IRRIGATION WATER
• PROCESS WATER
EFFICIENCY
OVERVIEW
CONSIDERATIONS FOR EVERY CATEGORY & CREDIT
• ENVIRONMENT
• ECONOMY
• COMMUNITY
Water Efficiency Goals: • Reduce the Quantity of Water Needed for the Building • Reduce
Water Efficiency
Goals:
• Reduce the Quantity of Water Needed for the Building
• Reduce Municipal Water Supply and Treatment
INTENT •To increase water efficiency within buildings to reduce the burden on municipal water supply
INTENT
•To increase water efficiency within
buildings to reduce the burden on municipal
water supply and wastewater systems.
WE PREREQUISITE I
WATER USE REDUCTION
REQUIRED
REQUIREMENTS
 Employ strategies that in aggregate use 20%
less water than the water use baseline
calculated for the building (not including
irrigation).
 Calculate the baseline according to the
commercial and/or residential baselines
outlined in text.
 Calculations are based on estimated occupant
usage and must include only the following
fixtures and fixture fittings (as applicable
to the project scope): water closets,
urinals, lavatory faucets, showers, kitchen
sink faucets and pre-rinse spray valves.
The following fixtures, fittings and
appliances are outside the scope of the
water use reduction calculation:
WATER
EFFICIENCY
 Commercial Steam Cookers
 Commercial Dishwashers
 Automatic Commercial Ice Makers
 Commercial (family sized) Clothes Washers
 Residential Clothes Washers
INTENT •To limit or eliminate the use of potable water or other natural surface or
INTENT
•To limit or eliminate the use of potable
water or other natural surface or
subsurface water resources available on or
near the project site for landscape
irrigation.
WE CREDIT I
WATER EFFICIENT
LANDSCAPING
2 – 4 POINTS AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
OPTION I: Reduce by 50% (2 points)
Reduce potable water consumption for
irrigation by 50% from a calculated
midsummer baseline case.
WATER
EFFICIENCY
Reductions must be attributed to any
combination of the following items:
 Plant species, density and microclimate
factor
 Irrigation efficiency
 Use of captured rainwater
 Use of recycled wastewater
 Use of water treated and conveyed by a
public
agency specifically for nonpotable uses
 Groundwater seepage that is pumped away
from the immediate vicinity of building
slabs and foundations may be used for
landscape irrigation to meet the intent of
this credit. However, the project team must
REQUIREMENTS (continued…) OR OPTION 2: No Potable Water Use or Irrigation (4 points) Meet the
REQUIREMENTS (continued…)
OR
OPTION 2: No Potable Water Use or
Irrigation (4 points)
Meet the requirements for Option 1.
AND
PATH 1
Use only captured rainwater, recycled
wastewater, recycled graywater or water
treated and conveyed by a public agency
specifically for non-potable uses for
irrigation.
OR
PATH 2
Install landscaping that does not require
permanent irrigation systems. Temporary
irrigation systems used for plant
establishment are allowed only if removed
within 1 year of installation.
WE CREDIT I
WATER EFFICIENT
LANDSCAPING
2 – 4 POINTS AVAILABLE
WATER
EFFICIENCY
REQUIREMENTS (continued…) Non-Potable water sources include:  Captured rain or stormwater  Graywater from
REQUIREMENTS (continued…)
Non-Potable water sources include:
 Captured rain or stormwater
 Graywater from building use (sinks,
showers)
WE CREDIT I
WATER EFFICIENT
LANDSCAPING
2 – 4 POINTS AVAILABLE
 Municipal recycled water (reclaimed
water)
 Condensate reuse
WATER
High efficiency irrigation systems (micro-
irrigation) deliver up to 95% of water
supplied vs. convention systems that are
only 60% efficient.
EFFICIENCY
Use of native plants and indigenous species
will reduce irrigation needs.
Graywater = does not contain human waste or
process food.
Use month of July for irrigation
calculations
INTENT  Increase local aquifer recharge  Decrease demand on municipal plants WE CREDIT 2
INTENT
 Increase local aquifer recharge
 Decrease demand on municipal plants
WE CREDIT 2
INNOVATIVE WASTEWATER
TECHNOLOGIES
2 POINTS AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
OPTION 1
Reduce potable water use for building
sewage conveyance by 50% through the use of
water-conserving fixtures (e.g., water
closets, urinals) or non-potable water
(e.g., captured rainwater, recycled
graywater, on-site or municipally treated
wastewater).
OR
OPTION 2
Treat 50% of wastewater on-site to tertiary
standards. Treated water must be
infiltrated or used on-site.
WATER
EFFICIENCY
STRATEGIES
 Low-flow toilets
 Automatic sensors
 Dry fixtures
 Composting toilets
 Waterless urinals
STRATEGIES (continued…) Substitute graywater or captured rainwater for potable water:  Sinks WE CREDIT 2
STRATEGIES (continued…)
Substitute graywater or captured
rainwater for potable water:
 Sinks
WE CREDIT 2
INNOVATIVE WASTEWATER
TECHNOLOGIES
2 POINTS AVAILABLE
 Showers
 Toilet flushing
 Custodial
Treat wastewater on site:
WATER
 Biological wastewater systems
 Artificial wetlands
EFFICIENCY
EXEMPLARY PERFORMANCE
100% Reduction for potable water use for
sewage conveyance, OR 100% on site
treatment of
generated wastewater.
INTENT To further increase water efficiency within buildings to reduce the burden on municipal water
INTENT
To further increase water efficiency within
buildings to reduce the burden on municipal
water supply and wastewater systems.
WE CREDIT 3
WATER USE REDUCTION
2 - 4 POINTS AVAILABLE
REQUIREMENTS
Employ strategies that in aggregate use
less water than the water use baseline
calculated for the building (not including
irrigation). The minimum water savings
percentage for each point threshold is as
follows:
WATER
EFFICIENCY
30% = 2 points
35% = 3 points
40% = 4 points
Calculate the baseline according to the
commercial and/or residential baselines
outlined in text. Calculations are based on
estimated occupant usage and must include
only the following fixtures and fixture
fittings (as applicable to the project
scope): water closets, urinals, lavatory
faucets, showers, kitchen sink faucets and
pre-rinse spray valves.
EXEMPLARY PERFORMANCE Projected water savings of at least 40%. (the next incremental percentage threshold) WE
EXEMPLARY PERFORMANCE
Projected water savings of at least 40%.
(the next incremental percentage
threshold)
WE CREDIT 3
WATER USE REDUCTION
2 - 4 POINTS AVAILABLE
At least 10% reduction in process and
non-regulated water use. (Process water
is water for industrial processes and
building systems such as cooling towers,
boilers and chillers.
WATER
EFFICIENCY
Non-regulated water use are things like
dishwashers, clothes washers and other
water consuming fixtures not counted in
the calculations)
REFERENCED STANDARDS Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992 and 2005 Water Closets Urinals Showerheads Faucets
REFERENCED STANDARDS
Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of
1992 and 2005
Water Closets
Urinals
Showerheads
Faucets
1.6 gpf
1.0 gpf
WATER
2.5 gpm
EFFICIENCY
2.2 gpm
Exceeding (EPAct) of 1992
REFERENCED
ULF Toilets
ULF Urinals
Showerheads
Faucets
0.8 - 1.0 gpf
0.8 – 1.0 gpf
1.0 - 1.8 gpm
1.0 - 1.8 gpm
STANDARDS
Composting Toilets
Waterless Urinals
0 gpf
0 gpf
Uniform Plumbing Code 206, Section 402.0 –
Water conserving Fittings and Fixtures
International Plumbing Code 2006, Section 604 –
Design of Building Water Distribution System
WATER • BASELINE VERSUS DESIGN EFFICIENCY • BLACKWATER • COOLING TOWER VOCABULARY • GALLONS PER
WATER
• BASELINE VERSUS DESIGN
EFFICIENCY
• BLACKWATER
• COOLING TOWER
VOCABULARY
• GALLONS PER FLUSH (GPF)
• GALLONS PER MINUTE (GPM)
• GRAYWATER
• IRRIGATION EFFICIENCY
• HARVESTED RAINTWATER
• POTABLE WATER
• WASTEWATER
QUESTIONS ON WATER EFFICIENCY? WATER EFFICIENCY
QUESTIONS ON
WATER
EFFICIENCY?
WATER
EFFICIENCY
END OF SESSION TWO
END OF SESSION TWO