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COMPUTER AIDED MANUFACTURING

Objective: To understand nature & significance of Machine tools. To develop skills


for programming skills required for manufacturing.
Unit Topic
Introduction to CAM and its role in Product cycle and importance of CAM.
CAD/CAM computer hardware, types of systems. CAD/CAM system evaluation
criteria, input devices, output devices, hardware integration and networking. Hardware
I trends. IBM PC compatible CAD/CAM software. Operating systems.
Microcomputer based CAD/CAM systems, general features, hardware components
and configuration, IBM PC compatible CAD/CAM system, microcomputer based
CAD/CAM systems.
Numerical Control: Introduction, numerical controls its growth and development,
components of NC systems. Digital & analog output, application of NC machine tools,
II advantages and disadvantages of NC, operation of an NC machine tool system, machine
centre, Microprocessor in CNC systems, CNC-DNC and adoptive control. Justification
and economics of Numerical control part programming, syntax of part programming,
languages, APT.
NC Part Programming: Introduction, manual part programming. Preparatory
functions, feed rate functions, miscellaneous functions, spindle speed functions, tool
III change function. Data input labeling of programmers and sub programmers fixed cycles.
Tool length compensation, Do loop, Macros, Verification. Documentation, Computer
aided part programs, computer aided part programming languages, APT language
structure.
Group technology: Introduction, concept of group technology, GT loading, how GT
works, stages for adopting a plant for GT, benefits of GT, Process planning and GT.
Computer aided process planning (CAPP); Process regions for different process
IV planning, integrated process planning systems CAPP implementation.
Flexible manufacturing systems (FMS): Objectives and benefits of FMS,
Components of FMS. Problems with FMS, different types of FMS Technology required
for FMS.
Computer Integrated manufacturing (CIM): CIM systems, elements of CIM,
different modules and information on flow, design aspect of CIM, CIM planning and
implementation process.
V Robotics: Introduction propose of robotics, law of Robotics, Basic element, degree of
freedom, Classification of Robots, Economic and social significances of Robots,
Robotics applications.

References:

1. Automation, Production System and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, by Mikell P.


Grover, Prentice Hall of India Pvt Ltd.
2. CAD/CAM – Theory and Practice, by Ibrahim Zeid, McGraw Hill
3. Computer Aided Manufacturing, by Cheng, Pearson India
4. CAD/CAM: Principles and Oerations, by P. N. Rao, McGraw Hill
5. CAD/CAM: Computer Aided Design and Manufacturing, by M. Groover, Pearson India.
AUTOMOBILE ENGINEERING

Objective: Automobile engineering is the study as how to design, manufacture and operate
automobiles like buses, trucks, cars etc.
Unit Topic
Power Unit and Gear Box:
I Principles of Design of main components, Valve mechanism. Power and Torque
characteristics. Rolling, air and gradient resistance, tractive effort, Gear Box, Gear
ratio, determination, Design of Gear box.
Transmission System:
Requirements, Clutches, Torque converters, Over Drive and free wheel, Universal
II
joint. Differential Gear Mechanism of Rear Axle. Automatic transmission, Steering and
Front Axle. Castor Angle, wheel camber & Toe-in, Toe-out etc. Steering geometry.
Ackerman mechanism, Understeer and Oversteer.
Braking System:
General requirements, Road, tyre adhesion, weight transfer, Braking ratio.
III
Mechanical brakes, Hydraulic brakes. Vacuum and air brakes. Thermal aspects.
Chasis and Suspension System:
Loads on the frame, Strength and stiffness, Various suspension systems.
Electrical System :
Types of starting motors, generator & regulators, lighting system, Ignition system,
IV Horn, Battery etc. Fuel Supply System: Diesel & Petrol vehicle system such as Fuel
Injection Pump, Injector & Fuel Pump, carburetor etc. MPFI.

Automobile Air Conditioning: Requirements, Cooling & heating systems. Cooling &
Lubrication System, Different type of cooling system and lubrication system.
V
Emission standards and pollution control : Indian standards for automotive vehicles-
Bharat I and II, Euro-I and Euro-II norms, fuel quality standards, environmental
management systems for automotive vehicles.
Maintenance system: Preventive maintenance, break down maintenance and over
hauling.

References:

1. Automotive Engineering- Hietner


2. Automobile Engineering - Kripal Singh.
3. Automobile Engineering - Narang.
4. Automobile Engineering –TTTI, Pearson India
5. Automobile Engineering –Ramakrishna, PHI, India
NON-DESTRUCTIVE TESTING

Objective: To study basic principles, techniques, equipments, applications and limitations of basic
NDT methods and selection of appropriate NDT method.
Unit Topic
Introduction Scope and advantages of NDT. Comparison of NDT with DT. Some
I common NDT methods used since ages, Terminology. Flaws and Defects, Visual
inspection, Equipment used for visual inspection.
Common NDT methods Die penetrate test (liquid penetrate inspection), Principle,
scope. Equipment & techniques, Tests stations, Advantages, types of penetrant and
developers. Illustrative examples - Heavy castings of large size, frame of jet engine,
II porosity testing of nickel alloys, leak testing. Zyglo test Magnetic particle
Inspection - Scope, principle, Ferro Magnetic and Non-ferro magnetic materials,
equipment & testing. Advantages, limitations Interpretation of results. DC & AC
magnetization, Skin Effect, use of dye & wet powders for magna glow testing, different
methods to generate magnetic fields, Applications.
Radiographic methods X-ray radiography principle, equipment & methodology.
Applicability, types of radiations, limitations. Interpretation of Radiographs, limitations
of Y-ray radiography - principle, equipment. Attenuation of electromagnetic radiations,
III source of radioactive materials & technique. Photo electric effect, Rayleigh’s scattering
(coherent scattering), Compton’s
scattering (Incoherent scattering). Pair production, Beam geometry, Scattering factor.
Advantages of Y-ray radiography over X-ray radiography Precautions against radiation
hazards. Case Study -X-ray of human body.
Ultrasonic testing methods Introduction, Principle of operation, Piezoelectricity.
IV Ultrasonic probes, CRO techniques, advantages, Limitation & typical applications.
Applications in inspection of castings, forgings, Extruded steel parts, bars, pipes, rails
and dimensions measurements. Case Study – Ultrasonography of human body.
V Eddy Current Inspection Principle, Methods, Advantages, Scope and limitations.
Types of Probes. Case Studies.

References:

1. ASM Handbook Vol. 11,8th Edition - Non-destructive Testing & Evaluation.


2. Research Techniques in NDT Vol.3, R.S. Shah, Academic.
3. Industrial Quality Control, Webstar.
STATISTICAL QUALITY CONTROL

Objective: A comprehensive coverage of modern quality control techniques to include the design of
statistical process control systems, acceptance sampling, and process improvement.
Unit Topic
I Quality-Definition Basic concepts of quality, quality control of quality, cost of quality,
quality control and inspection.
Total quality control, total quality management, Employee involvement Continuous
II Process Improvement, Supplier partnership Performance Measures, Deming’s 14 points.
Basic statistical concept, concept of variance, frequency distribution. Theory of
probability and probability distribution: Normal, binomial, Poisson distributions.
Control charts for variables-Variability, Basis of sub grouping, frequency of sub
III grouping, chance of making an error, drawing preliminary conclusion from control
charts, some control chart pattern, control limit on the chart.
Control charts for attribute, choice between P-charts for attribute, choice between P-
chart and np-chart, control chart for defects, comparison between attribute chart and
IV variable chart. Acceptance sampling, the operation characteristic curve (OC-curve),
quality indices for sampling plan, sampling plans.
Reliability, quality control and reliability, need for reliable product definition for
V reliability, basic element of reliability, cost of reliability, mean time between failures,
mean time between repair, quality and reliability, system reliability. History of ISO-
9000 series standard, ISO-9000 series of quality system, need for quality system, need
for standardization.

References:

1. Statistical Quality Control By Grant


2. Statistical Quality Control By M.Mahajan