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POLYGRAPHY

1. He is the person who devised an instrument that can record changes of blood pressure, pulse beat
and respiration simultaneously which he called the “Bread board Lie Detector”.
a. Cesare Lombroso c. Sir James Mackenzie
b. John A. Larson d. Leonarde Keeler
2. The first person to conceive the idea of utilizing an instrument (hydrosphygmograph) for detecting
deception in 1895.
a. Cesare Lombroso c. Sir James Mackenzie
b. John A. Larson d. Leonarde Keeler
3. The person who devised his own polygraph machine in which aside from the usual pneumograph
and cardiosphygmograph component he added two (2) galvanic skin resistance tracing.
a. John A. Larson c. John E. Reid
b. Richard O. Arther d. Leonarde Keeler
4. A person who makes a great improvement on the polygraph instrument in the year 1926, which is
capable of recording blood pressure, pulse beat, respiration and electrodermal response.
a. John A. Larson c. John E. Reid
b. Richard O. Arthur d. Leonarde Keeler
5. The person who devised his own polygraph instrument with the addition of muscular resistance
which are detected with the aid of portable chair. HE also devised the guilt complex and silent
answer test.
a. John A. Larson c. John E. Reid
b. Richard O. Arthur d. Leonarde Keeler
6. He is a heart specialist who described in two British journal the polygraph machine as “Ink
Polygraph”.
a. Leonarde Keeler c. Sir James Makenzie
b. Dr. Hans Gross d. William Moulton Marston
7. He devised a system of detecting Systolic blood pressure using a sphygmamonometer and a
discontinuous technique in questioning in the year 1915.
a. Leonarde Keeler c. Sir James Makenzie
b. Dr. Hans Gross d. William Moulton Marston
8. The person who made the first suggestion for using the Psycho Galvanic reaction for detecting
deception and stated that galvanic skin phenomenon is under the influence of exciting mental
impressions and the will has no effect upon it.
a. Veraguth c. Sticker
b. Harold Burtt d. Vittorio Bennussi
9. He later partially confirmed the results obtained by Benussi and improved upon his technique.
However, he considered this respiratory method of less diagnostic value than the blood pressure
technique, so he combined respiration and systolic blood pressure.
a. Veraguth c. Sticker
b. Harold Burtt d. Vittorio Bennussi
10. In polygraph result, this refers to the incorrect decision that deception was not practiced by the
examinee.
a. Error c. False Negative
b. False Positive d. Deception
11. He devised a quantitative analysis on a polygraph chart and the test called Backster Zone
Comparison Technique.
a. Cleve Backster c. C.D. Lee
b. Richard O. Arthur d. Galilleo
12. Among the several other lie-detectors somewhat similar to keeler's is the Berkeley __________, a
blood pressure-pulse-respiration recorder developed by C.D. Lee in 1936:
a. photograph c. kymograph
b. polygraph d. Psychograph
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13. He made used of a plethysmograph and focus on the study of fear as a great factor influencing
emotional disturbance and also utilized the scientific cradle or pendulum in 1895.
a. Angelo Mosso c. Cesare Lombrodo
b. William Marston d. John A. Larson
14. The first attempt to utilize scientific instrument in an effort to detect deception occurred about:
a. 1895 b. 1915 c. 1921 d. 1907
15. The first man noted for the use of the word “Polygraph”
a. Thomas Jefferson c. G. Gallilleo
b. F. Galton d. Sir James Mackenzie
16. It is the scientific method of detecting deception done with the aid of an instrument known as
polygraph machine.
a. Word Association test c. use of alcoholic beverage
b. polygraphy d. Narco- analysis test
17. What was added in the Larson's polygraph instrument by Leonarde keeler which is also considered
as one of the major components:
a. Kymograph c. galvanograph
b. cardiosphymograph d. pneumograph
18. Which of the following notion about polygraph instrument is wrong
a. it is capable of detecting lies
b. it is incapable of drawing or interpreting any conclusions
c. it is a sensitive machine like an x-ray which needs interpretation
d. None of these
19. The Raid polygraph differs from the keeler’s in the following respect except:
a. An adjustable and portable chair is employed wherein metal bellows are inserted in the chair
arm rests.
b. The chair seat is directly attached to recording bellows in the machine to form closed
pneumatic systems.
c. Three additional recordings are made by this method
d. There is no need of using corrugated rubber tubing
20. It is an ancient method of detecting deception practice in Bengal, India where accused to proved his
innocent would touch his tongue to an extremely hot metal.
a. boiling water ordeal c. red hot iron ordeal
b. ordeal of balance d. Ordeal of heat and fire
21. A scientific foundation of polygraph technique which states that among the physiological changes
that may be recorded and identified are those which may automatically occur, only following the
stimulation of these specific nervous system, components, from which the stimulation of these
specific nervous system components can be reliably diagnosed.
a. mechanical leg basic premise
b. physiological leg basic premise
c. psychological leg basic premise
d. psycho motor leg basic premise
22. it is the scientific basis of the polygraph test which states that the polygraph machine is an
instrument capable of making records of various human functioning simultaneously in a chart paper
a. mechanical leg basic premise
b. physiological leg basic premise
c. psychological leg basic premise
d. psycho motor leg basic premise
23. Which of the following notions about polygraph instrument is wrong?
a. It rings a bell
b. It has a dial indicator
c. It flash a light
d. All of these
24. Of the following which is a kind of polygraph instrument?
a. Stoelting polygraph c. keeler's polygraph
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b. Laffayette polygraph d. all of these
25. It is the Hindu book of science and health which depicts the nature of lying.
a. Ayur Vida c. Dharmasastra of Gautama
b. Vasistra of Dharmasastra d. Koran
26. The polygraph instrument has ____ major components?
a. three b. four c. five d. six
27. The following are major components of the polygraph instrument, Except:
a. Keymograph c. galvanograph
b. cardiosphymograph d. pneumograph
28. It is that component of the polygraph instrument which is designed to detect changes of
electrodermal response:
a. Keymograph c. galvanograph
b. cardiosphymograph d. pneumograph
29. The Pneumograph component detects what?
a. Breathing c. Blood pressure of the subject
b. Skin resistance d. None of the above
30. Which of the following is one among the major components of the polygraph?
a. sphygmomanometer c. kymograph
b. blood pressure cuff d. cardiospygmograph
31. It is that section of the polygraph instrument designed to make a permanent record of the polygraph
test.
a. keymograph c. pen and inking system
b. pnuemograph d. galvanogaph
32. Corrugated rubber bellows with the aid of beaded chain should be fastened on the subject's:
a. Abdomen and chest c. waistline
b. hips d. neck
33. It is that section of the polygraph machine designed to run the paper at a regular speed of 6 inches
per minutes
a. keymograph c. pen and inking system
b. pnuemograph d. galvanogaph
34. It is that part of the galvanograph component which converts electrical to mechanical current:
a. Amplifier unit c. finger electrode assembly
b. resonance control d. sensitivity knob
35. It is that part of the pneumograph component which is attached to the body of the subject with the
length of 10 inches.
a. beaded chain c. rubber convoluted tube
b. finger electrode plate d. blood pressure cuff
36. An attachment of the cardiosphygmograph which is placed above the brachial artery.
a. Arm cuff c. Wrist cuff
b. infant cuff d. hand cuff
37. Sets of electrodes are attached to what part of fingers :
a. palmar or tips of fingers of convenience
b. toes
c. ankles
d. neck

38. This is a galvanograph attachment section EXCEPT:


a. sets of electrodes c. electrodes jelly
b. stretched band d. rubber tube
39. In the _________, the bladder is centered over the radial artery:
a. wrist cuff c. hand cuff
b. arm cuff d. infant cuff
40. It is used for inflation of blood pressure-pulse cuff:
a. water pressure coupling c. air pressure coupling
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b. breath pressure coupling d. none of these
41. It is that part of the cardiosphygmograph which indicates the amount of air pressure in the system
a. air pump c. sphygmamonometer
b. arm cuff d. connecting plug
42. Capillary pens has:
a. Two short pens and one long pen
b. Three short pens and one long pen
c. one short pen and two long pens
d. all of the above
43. The size of the galvanograph recording pen is ______?
a. 5 inches c. 7 inches
b. 6 inches d. 10 inches
44. It is a short horizontal line in a cardio tracing located at the middle of the diastolic stem
a. Dicrotic notch c. Diastotic
b. Diastolic d. Systolic
45. It is the normal rate of pulse beat of an adult subject in a polygraph test?
a. 60 –65 b. 70 – 75 c. 6- 12 d. 13- 15
46. What is the normal cyclic rate of respiration of a normal built person in a polygraph test:
a. 60 –65 b. 70 – 75 c. 6- 12 d. 13-15
47. Generally speaking, all persons subjected to lie detector examination are all ___ and this creates a
set of distortion.
a. Terrified c. convenient
b. nervous d. confident
48. It is the sum total of the dissimulation which the child acquires from his surrounding once he learned
to go out and socialized with his neighborhood.
a. Personality c. Heredity
b. Environment d. Education
49. The investigator should avoid asking witnesses long complicated questions because this will:
a. Give the witness a chance to formulate desired answer.
b. Enable him to ascertain the purpose of the interviewer.
c. Renders difficulty in obtaining the facts for conviction
d. Embraces him and cause him to answer he does not know
50. The best way to conduct a thorough interview is for the investigator to:
a. allow himself sufficient time for adjustment
b. permit the interviewee to give narrative statement
c. be guided by a pre-arranged checklist
d. Devote adequate time for an interviewee’s evaluation
51. What usually set the tone or condition and creates the atmosphere during the interrogation?
a. interrogator’s behavior
b. the type of crime involved
c. questioning style of the interrogator
d. the subject’s personal history
52. It is the stage in the conduct of the polygraph test, which is designed to prepare or condition the
subject for the actual test or in-test?
a. Initial Interview c. Instrumentation
b. Pre-test Interview d. Post test Interview/Interrogation
53. It is conducted for the purpose of obtaining confession or an admission from the subject once
deception is observed.
a. initial interview c. Pre-test interview
b. Instrumentation d. post-test interrogation
54. It is that stage in the conduct of the polygraph test where the consent of the subject is taken usually
held at 20-30 minutes.
a. initial interview c. Pre-test interview
b. Instrumentation d. post-test interview or interrogation
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55. Refers to the brief confrontation between the subject and the polygraph examiner done every after
taking each chart.
a. initial interview c. Pre-test interview
b. chart probing d. post-test interview or interrogation
56. Lie detector test should be conducted in:
a. a noisy place c. quiet private room
b. crowded place d. dark private room
57. Subject under polygraph test should be fit which means that he/she should be:
a. under A-1 condition c. physically fit
b. mentally fit d. psychologically fit
58. The following persons cannot be subjected to polygraph examination:
a. psychotic c. feeble-minded
c. imbeciles d. all of these
59. What should be the attitude of a polygraph examiner in confronting subject in a polygraph test?
a. arrogant c. authoritative
b. cordial but firm d. antagonistic
60. Who determines the guilt of the subject in a polygraph test?
a. Examiner c. Judge
b. Prosecutor d. Investigator
61. In any interrogation the belief that man is fallable human being should not be overlooked and
therefore polygraph examiners are always subject to _________.
a. precision of diagnosis c. errors
b. certainty of interpretations d. none of these
62. Refers to any outside force coming from the environment, which could excite a receptor or any of his
organs.
a. Stimulus c. Reaction
b. Response d. Emotion
63. What should be the mark placed on a chart paper at the start of the test?
a. X/60/1.5 A C. XX/60/1.5 A
b. XY/50/2.5 A D. XXX/60/2.5 A
64. It is a type of test designed to overly responsive subject, consisting of questions that are purely
fictitious incident of a similar nature to the one that is under investigation
a. general question test c. peak of tension test
b. guilt complex test d. silent answer test
65. It is a type of series consisting of series of relevant, irrelevant and control questions answerable by
either yes or no developed by Reid:
a. general question test c. peak of tension test
b. guilt complex test d. silent answer test
66. It is the type of test consisting of series of irrelevant questions with only one relevant question.
a. general question test c. peak of tension test
b. guilt complex test d. silent answer test
67. It is the type of question designed to establish normal response from the subject
a. relevant c. irrelevant
b. control d. knowledge

68. It is that type of questions given to determine information known or the subject possess regarding
the crime or the criminal or his whereabouts
a. evidence connecting question c. sacrifice questions
b. knowledge question d. control questions
69. “Did you shoot Gabriel last night” is an example of what question?
a. irrelevant question c. control question
b. relevant question d. none of the above
70. A type of question designed to obtain a response from an innocent subject.
a. irrelevant question c. control question
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b. relevant question d. none of the above
71. It is a type of question designed to link the subject to the crime. In criminal investigation it is
otherwise referred to as associative evidence:
a. sacrifice question c. knowledge question
b. evidence connecting question d. control question
72. An irrelevant question between and after a relevant question in a peak of tension test:
a. control questions c. padding question
b. sacrifice question d. knowledge question
73. It is the force questioning of a person who is reluctant to give information.
a. Interview c. Confession
b. Interrogation d. Admission
74. It is a self-incriminating statement falling short of an acknowledgement of guilt
a. Admission c. Interview
b. Confession d. Interrogation
75. Aside from the elimination of the necessity of the coil wound spring, the other purpose of using a ten
inch corrugated rubber tube is:
a. to obtain more satisfactory recording of the respiration
b. to make the examiner convenient
c. to lessen the subject's nervousness
d. to accumulate more air
76. Questions in polygraph test should be answerable by ______.
a. yes b. no c. neither yes nor no d. a and b
77. A type of lie intended to mislead justice:
a. white lie c. black lie
b. red lie d. malicious lie
78. A type of liar who tells a lie due to mental disorder:
a. amateur liar c. professional liar
b. pathological liar d. situational liar
79. Polygraph test is not a substitute but merely an aid in_____?
a. investigation c. testimony in court
b. examination d. conviction
80. Response given by the subject in a relevant question which deviates from the normal tracing are
called:
a. normal response c. specific response
b. deceptive response d. none
81. Among the three systems of the human body, it is considered as the
less value in the detection of deception according to Harold Burtt.
a. Cardiovascular Activity c. Respiration
b. Electrodermal Activity d. Exhalation
82. The following, except one, are the major components of polygraph instrument.
a. Pneumograph c. Cardiosphygmograph
b. Kymograph d. Galvanograph
83. In this particular technique, the relevant questions are compared with the control questions via
numerical scoring.
a. Relevant/Irrelevant Technique
b. Concealed Information Test
c. Backster Zone Comparison Technique
d. Comparison Question Technique
84. An item in the searching peak of tension test that is recognized by the guilty person as unrelated to
the crime.
a. Key b. False Key c. Padding d. Possible Keys
85. “Did you steal the missing money from the vault? This question is an example of ________.
a. Control Question
b. Irrelevant Question
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c. Relevant Question
d. Sacrifice relevant question
86. A response which is generally seen as an upward movement from the baseline with subsequent
return to the pre-stimulus or original baseline.
a. Tonic Response c. Response Amplitude
b. Phasic Response d. Response Duration
87. In the recording of physiological data, it is considered as the time between stimulus onset and
response onset.
a. Zone c. Response Window
b. Response Latency d. Tonic Level
88. A method of chart interpretation that consider the consistency of reaction to a specific question with
significant magnitude in arriving in an opinion.
a. Numerical Scoring c. Quantification System
b. Global Analysis d. Conspecnificance
89. In polygraph examination, this component records the inspiration-expiration of the subject:
a. Kymograph c. Pneumograph
b. Cardiograph d. Galvnograph
90. It pertains to an examiner agreement with his own decisions when evaluating the charts on different
occasions.
a. Interrater Reliability
b. Reliability
c. Validity
d. Intrarater Reliability
91. This section of kymograph runs the chart paper at a constant speed of regardless of the voltage
change.
a. Paper Rail Guide c. Rubber Roller
b. Synchronous Motor d. Kymograph
92. During the polygraph examination, the examiner based his findings with regards to the truthfulness or
deception of the subject on:
a. Facial Expression of the Subject
b. Personal Observations of the Examiner on the Behavioral Reactions of the Subject
c. Physiological Reactions of the subject on the Chart
d. Sweating of the Subject’s Fingers
93. In polygraph examination, if there is strong reaction on the relevant question it is an indication of:
a. Inconclusive c. Deceptive Response
b. Truthful Response d. Normal Response
94. The chart being used in polygraph examination had approximate vertical divisions of:
a. one-half inch c. 100feet
b. One-Fourth Inch d. a and c
95. During the recordings of physiological reactions of the subject, the instrument runs how many vertical
divisions in one minute?
a. 16 vertical divisions c. 12 vertical divisions
b. 100 vetical divisions d. 12 horizontal divisions
96. A component of the autonomic nervous system that causes sudden and dramatic changes in the
physiological responses of the subject:
a. Somatic Nervous System c. Parasympathetic Nervous system
b. Symapathetic nervous system d. Central Nervous System
97. Which among the physiological reactions recorded by the polygraph instrument is considered
exosomatic reaction?
a. Respiration c. Pulse
b. Blood Pressure d. Skin Resistance
98. All, EXCEPT one, are the physiological reactions recorded by the pneumograph of polygraph
instrument:
a. Inspiration of the Subject c. Exhalation of the Subject
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b. Breathing Pattern of the Subject d. Pulse
99. In the field of forensic science, the forensic psychophysiological detection of deception is a term
referring to:
a. Forensic Ballistics c. Polygraph Examination
b. Forensic Photograpphy d. Polygraph Examiner
100. He is the person who developed the control question which is considered as his significant
contribution in the field of polygraphy.
a. Cleve Backster c. Leonarde Keeler
b. Vittorio Benussi d. John A. Larson