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TOTAL HEAD CALCULATION FOR SEWAGE TRANSFER PUMP

System head = Total discharge head - total suction head


H = hd - hs

HEAD LOSS FOR SUCTION LINE


The total suction head is made from three separate heads:
hs = hss + hps - hfs
hs = total suction head (m)
hss = suction static head (m)
hps = suction surface pressure head (m)
hfs = suction friction head (m)

3m

3.8 m

The total suction head calculation:-


1. The suction head is negative because the liquid level in the suction tank is below the centerline of the pump
hss (m) 3.8
2. The suction tank is open, so the suction surface pressure equals atmospheric pressure.
hps (m) 0
3. We have to calculated the suction friction head is below:
hfs (m) 0.30 Note: Refer Annexure - I.
4. The total suction head is a gauge value because atmosphere was given as 0,
hs (m) 4.10

HEAD LOSS FOR DISCHARGE LINE


The total discharge head is made from three separate heads:
hd = hsd + hpd + hfd
hd = total discharge head (m)
hsd = discharge static head (m)
hpd = discharge surface pressure head (m)
hfd = discharge friction head (m)

The total discharge head calculation:-


1. The static discharge head is:
hsd (m) 3
2. The discharge tank is also open to atmospheric pressure, thus:
hpd (m) 0
3. We have to calculated the discharge friction head is below:
hfd (m) 2.21 Note: Refer Annexure - I.
4. The total discharge head is:
hd (m) 5.21

The total system head calculation:

H (m) = hd - hs 9.31 We considered 12 Mtrs head it is adequate.


ANNEXURE - I.

FRICTION CALCULATION DETAILS

Friction loss Hazen-williams formula for pipe = 0.2083 (100/c)1.852 q1.852/dh4.8655 (l)

Friction loss formula for valves & fittings = C V2/(2xg)

FRICTION LOSS FOR SUCTION LINE


Specified Data
l = length of pipe (m) 6.2
c = Friction coefficient (pipe) 140
c = Friction coefficient (Elbow) 0.75
c = Friction coefficient (Tee) 0.3
c = Friction coefficient (Butterfly valve) 0.3
c = Friction coefficient (Foot valve) 2.5
q = volume flow (liter/sec) 8.33
dh = inside or hydraulic diameter (mm) 101.6
V = flow velocity (m/s) 1
g = Gravity (m/s) 9.81

Calculated Pressure Loss for pipe (A)


f = friction head loss in mm of water per 100 m of pipe (mm H20 per 100 m pipe) 1113.12
1 Head loss for pipe (6.2 m) 0.07

Calculated Pressure Loss for valves & fittings (B)


2 Head loss for Elbow - 2 Nos (m) 0.08
3 Head loss for Tee - 1 No (m) 0.02
4 Head loss for Foot valve - 1 No (m) 0.13
5 Head loss for Butterfly valve - 1 No. (m) 0.02
Total friction loss for suction line (A+B) (m) 0.30

FRICTION LOSS FOR DISCHARGE LINE


Specified Data
l = length of pipe (m) 18
c = Friction coefficient (pipe) 140
c = Friction coefficient (Elbow) 0.75
c = Friction coefficient (Tee) 0.3
c = Friction coefficient (Butterfly valve) 0.3
c = Friction coefficient (Non return valve) 2.5
q = volume flow (liter/sec) 8.33
dh = inside or hydraulic diameter (mm) 76.2
V = flow velocity (m/s) 2
g = Gravity (m/s) 9.81

Calculated Pressure Loss for pipe (C)


f = friction head loss in mm of water per 100 m of pipe (mm H20 per 100 m pipe) 4512.65
1 Head loss for pipe (18 m) 0.81

Calculated Pressure Loss for valves & fittings (D)


2 Head loss for Elbow - 5 Nos (m) 0.76
3 Head loss for Tee - 1 No (m) 0.06
4 Head loss for Non return valve - 1 No (m) 0.51
5 Head loss for Butterfly valve - 1 No. (m) 0.06
Total friction loss for discharge line (C+D) (m) 2.21