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Name: ________________________________________ Grade 8-Newton 01.21.

19 Score:________

ACTIVITY on HINGE THEOREM: CLOCK WISDOM

A complete revolution around a point is equivalent to 360º. The minute and hour hands of the clock also cover
that in a compete revolution.

Procedure:
1. Study the faces of the clock shown at different hours one afternoon.
2. Write also your answers to the ponder questions below.
3. Compute for the measure of the angle formed by the hands of the clock given that one revolution for each
hand is equivalent to 360°.

Clock Time Measure of angle formed by the hour Distance between the tips of the
Face (Exact PM Hours hand and minute hand hour hand and minute hand (in
) mm)
A
B
C
D

QUESTIONS:

1. How do you describe the lengths of the hour hands of the clock faces using a relation symbol?
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2. How do you describe the lengths of the minute hands of the clock faces using a relation symbol?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
3. The angles formed by the hands of the clock can be called as___________.

4. In the activity, what do you observe about the measures of the angles formed by the hands of the clock
at different hours? ________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

5. What affects the measure of the distance between the tips of the hands of the clock? Explain.
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

6. Making a Conjecture: Your findings describe the Hinge Theorem (This is otherwise known as SAS
Triangle Inequality Theorem). How will you state this theorem if you consider the clock hands of two
faces (say, Clock Faces A and B) as sides of two triangles and the angles they make as the included
angles? State it in if-then form.

• If two sides of one triangle are congruent to two sides of another triangle, but the included angle of the
first triangle is greater than the included angle of the second, then____________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________.

7. Using Hinge Theorem, write an if-then statement about the appropriate sides and angles of ΔCAT and
ΔDOG.

8. Is the name Hinge for this theorem suitable? Explain.__________________________________________________


____________________________________________________________________________________________________

9. Hinge theorem characterizes many objects around us. Give examples of these objects.

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ACTIVITY on CONVERSE of HINGE THEOREM

Materials: protractor and ruler

Procedure: Study the house models and complete your copy of the activity table. Note that the scale used in
this drawing is 1 cm = 1 m.

HOUSE Roof Lengths at the Roof Lengths at the Length of Roof Base Roof Angle
Right(in cm) Left (in cm) (in cm)
A ML MN LN ∠LMN
B QP QR PR ∠PQR

1. Write your observations on the following:


• The lengths of the roofs at the left part of both houses __________.
• The lengths of the roof at the right part of both houses __________.
• The lengths of the roof bases of both houses ___________________.
• The roof angles of both houses _____________________.
2. What influences the measures of the roof angles of both houses? Justify.

___________________________________________________________________________________________________

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3. Making a Conjecture: Your findings describe the Converse of Hinge Theorem (This is otherwise known as
SSS Triangle Inequality Theorem). How will you state this theorem if you consider the two corresponding
roof lengths as two sides of two triangles, the roof bases as their third sides, and the roof angles as
included angles? State it in if-then form.

If two sides of one triangle are congruent to two sides of another triangle, but the third
side of the first triangle is greater than the third side of the second, then _____________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

4. With both houses having equal roof lengths, what conclusion can you make about their roof costs?

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