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LORETO NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Direction: Answer the following questions;

1. In a hot spot, Volcano A is on top of the mantle plume, Volcano B is 10 km farther from
A while Volcano C is the farthest. What can you infer about the ages of the volcanoes?(page
34)
a. Volcano A is older than C c. Volcano B is the youngest
b. Volcano B is the oldest d. Volcano B is younger than C

2. Right in the middle of an island, you can find a rift valley. What type of plate boundary
exists on that island?(page 34)
a. convergent b. divergent c. normal fault d. transform fault

3. Plates A and B shows a divergent boundary. If plate C is adjacent to both plates and does
not show any relative motion, what type of plate boundary is present between A and C?
__________________ ( page 34)
a. convergent b. divergent c. normal fault d. transform fault

4. What geologic event is most likely to happen at the given type of plate boundary in
number 3?(page 34)
a. earthquake c. rift valley formation
b. mountain formation d. volcanic eruption

5. You were asked to locate the epicenter of a recent earthquake. Which correct sequence of
events should you follow?(page 35)
i. Determine the difference in the arrival time of S and P waves recorded from each of the
seismological stations.
ii. Use the triangulation method to locate the center.
iii. Obtain data from three different seismological stations.
iv. Determine the distance of the epicenter from the station.
a. i, iii, ii, iv b. iii, i, iv, ii c. iii, iv, i, ii d. iv, ii, i, iii

6.How do you compare the densities of the Earth’s crust, mantle, and core? (page 41)
a. the mantle is less dense than the core but denser than the crust.
b. the mantle is less dense than both the core and the crust.
c. the mantle is denser than the core but less dense than the crust.
d. the mantle is denser than both the core and the crust.

7. In 1912, Alfred Wegener proposed a theory that the Earth is once a single landmass.
What is the name of the Mesozoic supercontinent that consisted of all of the present
continent?(page 74)
a. Eurasia b. Laurasia c. Pangaea d. Gondwanaland

8. Which of the following can you infer from the continuous movement of the lithospheric
plates over the asthenosphere?(page 75)
a. all the continents will cease to exist
b. all the volcanoes in the Philippines will become inactive
c. the continents will not be located in the same place as they are now.
d. the islands of the Philippines will become scattered all over the world.

9. In which case can a magnetic field be produced? (page 84)

a. a charged comb c. a welder’s arc flash
b. a falling glass rod d. a rolling plastic cylinder

10. complete the following statement: Moving a metallic detector past a 5 peso coin creates a
secondary magnetic field that is most similar to that of________. (page 86)
a. a horse shoe magnet c. a current-carrying, circular loop
b. a flat refrigerator magnet d. a V-shaped straight wire that carries a current.

11. Which device can be used to determine the polarity of an unmarked magnet? (page 134)
a. a suspend magnetized needle c. a second unmarked magnet
b. an improvised magnetic cord d. a charge metal rod at rest

12. how will you describe the magnetic field around a current-carrying coil? (page 134)
a. the magnetic field is weakest near and around the coil.
b. the magnetic field vary directly with the distance from the coil.
c. the magnetic field is strongest inside the current-carrying coil.
d. the magnetic field lines are closed loops along the loops in the coil.

13. During the Student Technologist and Entrepreneurs of the Philippines (STEP)
Competition in Landscaping, a water pond transformer changes 216 V across the primary to
12 V across the secondary. If the secondary coil has 10 turns, how many turns does the
primary coil have? (page 85)
a. 10 turns b. 18 turns c. 180 turns d. 228 turns

14. Which statement about an electromagnet is TRUE? (page84)

a. the electric field surrounding a battery-powered electromagnet alternates constantly.
b. the current in the electromagnet coil temporarily magnetizes the iron core.
c. the electric field strength is inversely proportional to the current.
d. the magnetic field lines produces are all straight.

15. What basic principle enables ALL electric motors to operate? (page 86)
a. iron is the only element that is magnetic.
b. opposite electric charges attract and like charges repel.
c. a moving conductor place within a magnetic field will experience an electromotive force.
d. a current-carrying conductor placed within a magnetic field will experience a magnetic
force.

16. Which statement about transformers is FALSE? (page 86)

a. a step-down voltage transformer steps up the current.
b. transformers use mutual induction.
c. transformer are an application of Faraday’s and Lenz’s Laws.
d. a transformer can function with either an alternating current (AC) or a steady direct
current (DC).

17. What transformation can take place in an improvised generator? (page 87)
a. mechanical energy into electrical energy
b. electrical energy into mechanical energy
c. alternating current into direct current
d. direct current into alternating current

18. A loop conductor lies flat on a horizontal table. A toy magnet is hanging still over it with
the magnet’s north-seeking pole pointing down. What happens next? ( page 87)
a. the magnet produces a clockwise current in the coil
b. the magnet does not produce any current in the coil
c. the magnet produces an upward electromagnetic current
d. the magnet produces a counterclockwise current in the coil.

19. A magnet moves inside a coil. Consider the following factors: (page 86)
I. strength of the magnet
II. number of turns in the coil
III. speed at which the magnet moves
Which can affect the electromotive force (emf) induced in the coil?
a. I only b. II only c. III only d. all three factors
20. In the visible spectrum, which color has the longest wavelengths? (page 143)
a. Blue b. Green c. Red d. Violet

21. What type of electromagnetic waves is used in radar? (page 143)

a. infrared rays b. microwaves rays c. radio waves d. ultra-violet rays

22. You see the reflection of the clock without numbers in your plane mirror. The image
formed by the hands of the clock shows the time of 3:30. What is the real time? (page 169)
a. 3:30 b. 8:30 c. 9:30 d. 10:30

23. What is the distance of your image from you if you stand 1.5m in front of a plane
mirror? (page 170)
a. 1.5m b. 2.0m c. 3.0m d. 4.5m

24. A white sheet of paper cannot act as mirror because it ____________ the rays of light.
( page 171)
a. diffracts b. diffuses c. interferes d. refract

25. Which of the following is/are true of concave mirror?( page 171)
I. it will never form a real image
II. an inverted will be formed if the object distance is greater than the focal length
III. an object can be magnified if placed at f
a. I only b. II only c. I and II d. I, II and III

26. What kind of image is formed by concave lenses? ( page 172)

a. always real
b. always virtual
c. could be real or virtual; depends on the distance of the object from the focal point
d. could be real or virtual, but always real when the object is placed at the focal point.

27. Sun’s ray are observed to focus at a point behind a lens. What kind of lens was used?
(page 172)
a. converging lens b. diverging lens c. focusing lens d. none of the above

28. This optical instrument uses 2 convex lenses to make a smaller object larger. (page 172)
a. camera b. microscope c. oscilloscope d. telescope

29. Which of the following optical instruments will be used to produce a reduced an inverted
image of a distant object? (page 172)
a. camera b. projector c. microscope d. refracting telescope

30. A photocopy “Xerox” machine produces an image that is of equal size as the object.
Considering the location of an object in a convex lens, where is the object located or placed
to produce an image that is of equal size to the object? (page 172)
a. at F’ b. at 2F’ c. between F’ and V d. between 2F’ and V

For the questions 31 and 32: the following is the base sequence on one strand of a DNA
molecule: A A T G C C A G T G G T

31. If the strand is replicated, which of the following is the complementary strand that is
produced? (page 295)
a. TCGTCCGTCTAG b. AGCAGGCCAGGGT
c. TTACGGTCACCA d. UCGUCCUCUAGA

32. If transcribed into an mRNA, what would be the resulting strand? (page 295)
a. UUACGGUCACCA c. AGCAGGCAGGAUC
b. AGCAGGAGATTC d. TCGTCCGTCTAG

33. Where can most fossils be found? (page 300)

a. sedimentary rocks c. lava flows
b. granite rocks d. black soil
34. In what era can the oldest fossils be found? (page 300)
a. Cenozoic b. Mesozoic c. Paleozoic d. pre-cambrian

35. Which of the following statement explains Lamarck’s Theory of Use and Disuse? (page
301)
a. body structures developed because they are used extensively
b. body structures developed because they are not in use
c. body structures developed because of competition
d. body structures developed because of mutation

36. Which is more definite characteristics to show relatedness of two organisms?(page 301)
a. similarity in development
b. similarity in courting behavior
c. similarity in structure
d. similarity in genomic DNA

37. which of the following statements supports the idea that extinction is necessary?(page
302)
a. to give way for other organisms to develop
b. to let other organisms evolve and progress
c. to know who is the fittest
d. all of the above

for question 38-40: How should each of the ecosystems below be used to conserve its
resources.(page 345)
38. Coral reef
a. promote it as an ecotourism destination
b. collect coral fishes and sell them to pet shops.
c. collect corals as souvenir items for tourists.

39. Hilly land

a. convert it into an industrial area
b. build a community where houses are built among the trees
c. turn it into a jogging area

40. Rainforest
a. cut the trees into logs and make timber
b. get only minor forest products
c. advertise it as a camping site

41. Which example has particles that can be drawn closer to occupy smaller volume? (page
352)
a. fruit juice c. air inside the syringe
b. block of wood d. ice cube

42. Which of the following phenomena does NOT involve the application of gas pressure?
(page 352)
a. burning fuels c. vulcanizing tire
b. falling leaves d. rising hot air balloons

For numbers 43,44 and 45, the choices are:

a. Boyle’s Law c. Combined Gas Law
b. Charle’s Law d. Ideal Gas Law

43. What law explains the mechanism of gas compressor?

44. What gas law best explains the explosion of the heated aerosol container?
45. What gas law explains the relationship among the volume, pressure, temperature, and
the number of moles of gas?

46. How is a chemical equation is balanced?(page 402)

a. changing subscript c. adding coefficients
b. erasing elements as necessary d. adding elements as necessary
47. What are the products in the equation below?(page 402)
Zn + CuSO4 ZnSO4 + Cu
a. Zn and Cu b. Zn and CuSO4 c. ZnSO4 and CU d. Zn only
48. Which of the following statements about collisions is correct? (page 439)
a. reaction will occur even without collision of molecules.
b. all colliding particles have the same amount of energy.
c. only fast-moving particles collide with each other.
d. reactions can happen if the colliding particles have enough energy.

49. Which of the following is a correct pair? (page 445)

a. glucose : disaccharides c. starch : polysaccharides
b. sucrose : monosaccharide d. triglyceride : polysaccharides

50. Manganese dioxide is a black powder that catalyzes the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide
to water and oxygen. Which of the following statements is correct? (page 440)
a. the mass of manganese dioxide will stay the same during the reaction.
b. the catalyzed reaction will produce more oxygen than the uncatalyzed reaction.
c. the particles in the catalyzed reaction will have more energy than in the uncatalyzed
reaction.
d. manganese dioxide will cause production of more water.

“Never be too Proud. Never to be Bossy. Remember that you live in a planet that has
GRAVITY. What goes up, must come down! Humility Counts….”
LORETO NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
Poblacion, Loreto, Agusan del Sur

1. In a hot spot, Volcano A is on top of the mantle plume, Volcano B is

10 km farther from A while Volcano C is the farthest. What can you infer about the ages of
the volcanoes?
a. Volcano A is older than C c. Volcano B is the youngest
b. Volcano B is the oldest d. Volcano B is younger than C

2. Right in the middle of an island, you can find a rift valley. What type of plate boundary
exists on that island?
b. convergent b. divergent c. normal fault d. transform fault

3. Plates A and B shows a divergent boundary. If plate C is adjacent to both plates and does
not show any relative motion, what type of plate boundary is present between A and C?
__________________

4. What geologic event is most likely to happen at the given type of plate boundary in
number 4?
a. earthquake c. rift valley formation
b. mountain formation d. volcanic eruption

5. You were asked to locate the epicenter of a recent earthquake. Which correct sequence of
events should you follow?
i. Determine the difference in the arrival time of S and P waves recorded from each of the
seismological stations.
ii. Use the triangulation method to locate the center.
iii. Obtain data from three different seismological stations.
iv. Determine the distance of the epicenter from the station.
a. i, iii, ii, iv b. iii, i, iv, ii c. iii, iv, i, ii d. iv, ii, i, iii

6.How do you compare the densities of the Earth’s crust, mantle, and core?
a. the mantle is less dense than the core but denser than the crust.
b. the mantle is less dense than both the core and the crust.
c. the mantle is denser than the core but less dense than the crust.
d. the mantle is denser than both the core and the crust.

7. In 1912, Alfred Wegener proposed a theory that the Earth is once a single landmass.
What is the name of the Mesozoic supercontinent that consisted of all of the present
continent?
a. Eurasia b. Laurasia c. Pangaea d. Gondwanaland

8. Which of the following can you infer from the continuous movement of the lithospheric
plates over the asthenosphere?
a. all the continents will cease to exist
b. all the volcanoes in the Philippines will become inactive
c. the continents will not be located in the same place as they are now.
d. the islands of the Philippines will become scattered all over the world.

9. In which case can a magnetic field be produced?

a. a charged comb c. a welder’s arc flash
b. a falling glass rod d. a rolling plastic cylinder

10. complete the following statement: Moving a metallic detector past a 5 peso coin creates a
secondary magnetic field that is most similar to that of________.
a. a horse shoe magnet c. a current-carrying, circular loop
b. a flat refrigerator magnet d. a V-shaped straight wire that carries a current.

11. Which device can be used to determine the polarity of an unmarked magnet?
a. a suspend magnetized needle c. a second unmarked magnet
b. an improvised magnetic cord d. a charge metal rod at rest

12. how will you describe the magnetic field around a current-carrying coil?
a. the magnetic field is weakest near and around the coil.
b. the magnetic field vary directly with the distance from the coil.
c. the magnetic field is strongest inside the current-carrying coil.
d. the magnetic field lines are closed loops along the loops in the coil.

13. During the Student Technologist and Entrepreneurs of the Philippines (STEP)
Competition in Landscaping, a water pond transformer changes 216 V across the primary to
12 V across the secondary. If the secondary coil has 10 turns, how many turns does the
primary coil have?
a. 10 turns b. 18 turns c. 180 turns d. 228 turns

14. Which statement about an electromagnet is TRUE?

a. the electric field surrounding a battery-powered electromagnet alternates constantly.
b. the current in the electromagnet coil temporarily magnetizes the iron core.
c. the electric field strength is inversely proportional to the current.
d. the magnetic field lines produces are all straight.

15. What basic principle enables ALL electric motors to operate?

a. iron is the only element that is magnetic.
b. opposite electric charges attract and like charges repel.
c. a moving conductor place within a magnetic field will experience an electromotive force.
d. a current-carrying conductor placed within a magnetic field will experience a magnetic
force.

16. Which statement about transformers is FALSE?

a. a step-down voltage transformer steps up the current.
b. transformers use mutual induction.
c. transformer are an application of Faraday’s and Lenz’s Laws.
d. a transformer can function with either an alternating current (AC) or a steady direct
current (DC).

17. What transformation can take place in an improvised generator?

a. mechanical energy into electrical energy
b. electrical energy into mechanical energy
c. alternating current into direct current
d. direct current into alternating current

18. A loop conductor lies flat on a horizontal table. A toy magnet is hanging still over it with
the magnet’s north-seeking pole pointing down. What happens next?
a. the magnet produces a clockwise current in the coil
b. the magnet does not produce any current in the coil
c. the magnet produces an upward electromagnetic current
d. the magnet produces a counterclockwise current in the coil.

19. A magnet moves inside a coil. Consider the following factors:

I. strength of the magnet
II. number of turns in the coil
III. speed at which the magnet moves
Which can affect the electromotive force (emf) induced in the coil?
b. I only b. II only c. III only d. all three factors
20. In the visible spectrum, which color has the longest wavelengths?
a. Blue b. Green c. Red d. Violet

21. What type of electromagnetic waves is used in radar?

a. infrared rays b. microwaves rays c. radio waves d. ultra-violet rays

22. You see the reflection of the clock without numbers in your plane mirror. The image
formed by the hands of the clock shows the time of 3:30. What is the real time?
a. 3:30 b. 8:30 c. 9:30 d. 10:30

23. What is the distance of your image from you if you stand 1.5m in front of a plane
mirror?
a. 1.5m b. 2.0m c. 3.0m d. 4.5m

24. A white sheet of paper cannot act as mirror because it ____________ the rays of light.
a. diffracts b. diffuses c. interferes d. refract

25. Which of the following is/are true of concave mirror?

I. it will never form a real image
II. an inverted will be formed if the object distance is greater than the focal length
III. an object can be magnified if placed at f
b. I only b. II only c. I and II d. I, II and III

26. What kind of image is formed by concave lenses?

a. always real
b. always virtual
c. could be real or virtual; depends on the distance of the object from the focal point
d. could be real or virtual, but always real when the object is placed at the focal point.

27. Sun’s ray are observed to focus at a point behind a lens. What kind of lens was used?
a. converging lens b. diverging lens c. focusing lens d. none of the above

28. This optical instrument uses 2 convex lenses to make a smaller object larger.
a. camera b. microscope c. oscilloscope d. telescope

29. Which of the following optical instruments will be used to produce a reduced an inverted
image of a distant object?
a. camera b. projector c. microscope d. refracting telescope

30. A photocopy “Xerox” machine produces an image that is of equal size as the object.
Considering the location of an object in a convex lens, where is the object located or placed
to produce an image that is of equal size to the object?
a. at F’ b. at 2F’ c. between F’ and V d. between 2F’ and V

For the questions 31 and 32: the following is the base sequence on one strand of a DNA
molecule: A A T G C C A G T G G T

31. If the strand is replicated, which of the following is the complementary strand that is
produced?
a. TCGTCCGTCTAG b. AGCAGGCCAGGGT
c. TTACGGTCACCA d. UCGUCCUCUAGA

32. If transcribed into an mRNA, what would be the resulting strand?

a. UUACGGUCACCA c. AGCAGGCAGGAUC
b. AGCAGGAGATTC d. TCGTCCGTCTAG

33. Where can most fossils be found?

a. sedimentary rocks c. lava flows
b. granite rocks d. black soil

34. In what era can the oldest fossils be found?

a. Cenozoic b. Mesozoic c. Paleozoic d. pre-cambrian

35. Which of the following statement explains Lamarck’s Theory of Use and Disuse?
a. body structures developed because they are used extensively
b. body structures developed because they are not in use
c. body structures developed because of competition
d. body structures developed because of mutation

36. Which is more definite characteristics to show relatedness of two organisms?

a. similarity in development
b. similarity in courting behavior
c. similarity in structure
d. similarity in genomic DNA

37. which of the following statements supports the idea that extinction is necessary?
a. to give way for other organisms to develop
b. to let other organisms evolve and progress
c. to know who is the fittest
d. all of the above

for question 38-40: How should each of the ecosystems below be used to conserve its
resources.
38. Coral reef
a. promote it as an ecotourism destination
b. collect coral fishes and sell them to pet shops.
c. collect corals as souvenir items for tourists.

39. Hilly land

a. convert it into an industrial area
b. build a community where houses are built among the trees
c. turn it into a jogging area

40. Rainforest
a. cut the trees into logs and make timber
b. get only minor forest products
c. advertise it as a camping site

41. Which example has particles that can be drawn closer to occupy smaller volume?
a. fruit juice c. air inside the syringe
b. block of wood d. ice cube

42. Which of the following phenomena does NOT involve the application of gas pressure?
a. burning fuels c. vulcanizing tire
b. falling leaves d. rising hot air balloons

For numbers 43,44 and 45, the choices are:

c. Boyle’s Law c. Combined Gas Law
d. Charle’s Law d. Ideal Gas Law

43. What law explains the mechanism of gas compressor?

44. What gas law best explains the explosion of the heated aerosol container?
45. What gas law explains the relationship among the volume, pressure, temperature, and
the number of moles of gas?

46. How is a chemical equation is balanced?

a. changing subscript c. adding coefficients
b. erasing elements as necessary d. adding elements as necessary

47. What are the products in the equation below?

Zn + CuSO4 ZnSO4 + Cu
b. Zn and Cu b. Zn and CuSO4 c. ZnSO4 and CU d. Zn only
48. Which of the following statements about collisions is correct?
a. reaction will occur even without collision of molecules.
b. all colliding particles have the same amount of energy.
c. only fast-moving particles collide with each other.
d. reactions can happen if the colliding particles have enough energy.

49. Which of the following is a correct pair?

a. glucose : disaccharides c. starch : polysaccharides
b. sucrose : monosaccharide d. triglyceride : polysaccharides

50. Manganese dioxide is a black powder that catalyzes the breakdown of hydrogen peroxide
to water and oxygen. Which of the following statements is correct?
a. the mass of manganese dioxide will stay the same during the reaction.
b. the catalyzed reaction will produce more oxygen than the uncatalyzed reaction.
c. the particles in the catalyzed reaction will have more energy than in the uncatalyzed
reaction.
d. manganese dioxide will cause production of more water.

“Never be too Proud. Never to be Bossy. Remember that you live in a planet that has
GRAVITY. What goes up, must come down! Humility Counts….”

Prepared by:
PETER PAUL H. NACUA
Grade 10 Science teacher
Answers key 32. A

1. D 33. A

2. B 34. D

3. D 35. A

4. A 36. D

5. B 37. D

6. A 38. A

7. C 39. B

8. C 40. B

9. C 41. C

10. C 42. A

11. A 43. A

12. C 44. C

13. C 45. D

14. B 46. C

15. B 47. C

16. D 48. C

17. A 49. C

18. B 50. B

19. D

20. C

21. B

22. B

23. C

24. B

25. B

26. B

27. A

28. B

29. A

30. B

31. A