IS 5477
( Part
2 ) : 1094
mm
JTFra
Indian Standard
FIXING THE CAPACITIES OF
RIZSERVOIRS
METHODS
PART
2 DEAD
STORAGE
( First Revision)
UBC
6278156
December 1994
BUREAU.O;F
MANAK BHAVAlk,
INDIAN
9
BAHADUR
NEW DELHI
STANDARDS
SHAH
110002
ZAFAR
MARC3
^{P}^{r}^{i}^{c}^{e} ^{G}^{r}^{o}^{u}^{p} ^{5}
Reservoirs
Sectional
Committee,
RVD 4
FOREWORD
This Indian Standard
finalized by the Reservoirs
Council.
( First
Revision
Sectional
) was
adopted
Committee
by the Bureau
of Indian
had
been
approved
by
Standards,
the
River
after
Valley
the draft
Division
By providing extra storage volume in the 
reservoir 
for sediment 
accumulation, in addition 
to 
the 
live 

storage, 
it is ensured 
that 
the live storage, 
although 
it contains 
sediment, will function at full efficiency 
for an assigned number
of years.
This volume
of
storage
( in the fixation
of which
the minimum
draw
down level is also a major 
criterion m case of power 
projects 
) is referred 
to 
as the 
dead 
storage 
and 

is equivalent 
to the volume 
of sediment 
expected 
to 
be deposited in the reservoir 
during 
the designed 
life of the structure.
The distribution
pattern
of sediments
in the entire
depth
of
a reservoir
depends
on many
factors,
such
as slope 
of 
the valley, 
length 
of reservoir, 
constriction 
in the reservoir, 
particle 
size of the 
suspended 

sediment 
and capacity 
inflow ratio; 
but the 
reservoir 
operation 
has an important 
control 
over 
other 
factors. 
However, 
a knowledge of this pattern is essential, especially, 
in developing 
areas, 
in order 
to 

have an idea about 
the 
formation 
of 
delta and the recreational 
spots 
and 
the consequent 
increase 
in 
back
water
levels
after
the
reservoir
comes
This standard
( Part
2 ) was first published
into
operation.
in 1969.
The present
revision
has been
prepared
to incorpo
rate the 
latest 
knowledge in this field in this revision 
an additional figure for 
determining the type of 

reservoir 
has been incorporated 
in addition 
to modifying 
Fig. 
1 and 2 and some 
tables. 

This standard consists of four parts, Part 1 covers general requirements, Part 4 covers flood storage. 
Part 
3 covers 
live storage and 
For 
the 
purpose of deciding whether 
a particular 
requirement 
of 
this 
standard is complied with, 

_{t}_{h}_{e} 
_{f}_{i}_{n}_{a}_{l} 
_{v}_{a}_{l}_{u}_{e}_{,} _{o}_{b}_{s}_{e}_{r}_{v}_{e}_{d} 
_{o}_{r} _{c}_{a}_{l}_{c}_{u}_{l}_{a}_{t}_{e}_{d}_{,} 
expressing 
the 
result 
of 
a 
test 
or analysis, shall 
be 

rounded 
off in accordance 
with 
IS 
2 : 1960 ‘Rules 
for 
rounding 
off numerical 
values ( revised)‘. 
The 

number 
of 
significant places 
retained in the rounded 
off 
value 
should 
be 
the same as that of the 

specified 
value in this standard. 
IS 5477 ( Part 
2 ) 
: 1994 

Indian Standard 

FIXING 
THE CAPACITIES 
OF 

RESERVOIRS 
 
METHODS 

PART 
2 DEAD 
STORAGE 

( 
First Revision 
) 

1 
SCOPE 
record covered by the sutvey 
will then be equal 
to the 
This stattdard (Part 2) covers the methods for comput ing the sedimettt yield and for predicting the probable sedintent distributiou in the reservoir below normal (full) reservoir level (F.R.L.).
2 REFERENCES
The following to this standard: 
Indian Standards are ttecessary adjuncts 
IS No. 
Title 
4410 
Glossary of tentts relatittg to river 
(Part 6) : 1983 
valley projects : Part 6 Reser voirs (first revision ) 
4890 : 1968 
Methods of measurement of sus pended sedintenl in open chamtels 
121x2 : 19x7 
Guidelines for deterntinatiott of effects of sedintentation in platt ning and perfortttance of reservoirs 
For the purpose of this standard, the definitiotts givett
in IS 4410
4 MEASIJREMENT
4.1 The sedintent
by atty otte of the following
yield in a reservoir
( Part
6 ) : 1983 shall
apply.
OF SEDIMENT
YIELDS
ntay be estimated
two methods:
a) Sedimentation surveys of reservoirs with sitttilar catchtttent characteristics, or
b) Seditnent load tneasurements of the stream.
4.2 Reservoir
Sedimentation
Survey
4.2.1 The srditttettt yield liont the catchntent is deter
ntined by nteasuring the accumulated sedintent in a
reservoir
sounders aud other electronic devices since the ttorntal sounding operatiotts give erroneous results in large depths. The volttttte of sedintent accutttulated in a reser
voir is cotttputed as the difference behveeu the presettt reservoir capacity attd the original capacity after the contplrtiott of the dattt. The unit weight of deposit is detenttined in the laboratory front the representative uttdisturbed samples or by field determinatiou usittg a calibrated density probe developed for this purpose. The total sediment voluttte is theu converted to dry weight ofsedintent on the basis of average uttit weight of deposits. The tot61 sediment yield for the period of
for a kttowtt period, by ttteans of echo
total weight of the sediment deposited in the reservoir plus that which has passed out of the reservoir based ou the trap efficiency. In this way, reliable records may be readily and ecottomically obtained on longterm basis.
4.2.2 The density of deposited sediment varies with the compositiott of the deposits, locatiott of the deposit
within the reservoir, the tlocculation characteristics of clay content and water, the age of deposit, etc. For coarse material (0.0625 tnnt and above ) variation of deusity with location and age may be unimportant. Nortnally a tinte and space average dettsity of deposited materials applicable for the period uttder study is required for finding the overall voluttte of deposits. For this purpose the trapped sedimettt for the period tmder study would have to be classified in different fractions. Most of the sedimettt escape front getting deposited into the reservoir should be front the silt attd clay
fractions. I:t some special cases local estintates
sities at points in the reservoir may be required instead
of
4.2.3 The
capacityi&low ratio but may vary with location of outlets and reservoir operating procedure. Contputation
of
effciettcy curves, such as those developed by Brutte
attd by Churchill
4.2.4 The sedimentation rates observed in adjacent
reservoirs also serve as guide while designing dead storage capacity for a new reservoir, the rate of sedimetttation observed in similar reservoirs atrd/or adjacettt basin should be suitably modified keeping in view the density of deposited tttaterial, trap efficiency and sedintettt yield front the catchment.
4.3
Periodic satnples front the stream should be takett at various discharges along with the streant gauging observations and the suspended sedintettt cottcetttra
tion should be tneasured as detailed in IS 4890 : 196X.
A sedimettt rating curve which is a plot of sedintettt
of den
upon
using
the
trap
average dettsity
reservoir
trap
trap
over the whole
ntainly
may
reservoir.
depends
be
made
: 1987
).
efficiency
efficiettcy
( see IS 12182
Sediment
Load
Measurements
coucentratiou against the discharge is then prepared
curve (or
or
shorter time units data in case of sntaller river basins to
assess sedintent load. For convenience, the correlatiott between sediment concetttratiott against discharge ntay
flow duration) based on uniformly spaced daily
and is used itt conjuttction with stage duratiott
1
IS 5477
( Part
2 ) : 1994
be altered to the relation of sediment load against runoff for calculating sediment yield. Where observed stage/flow data is available for only shorter periods,
these
longer data on rainfall. The sediment discharge rating curves may also be prepared from hydraulic considera
tions using sediment load formula, that is, modified Einstein’s procedure.
4.3.1 The bed load measurement is preferable. How ever, where it is not possible, it may be estimated using analytical methods based on sampled data or as a per centage of suspended load (generally ranging from 10 to 20 percent). This should be added to the suspended load to get the total sediment load.
5 PREDICTING SEDIMENT DISTRIBUTION
5.1 The sediment entering into a storage reservoir gets
deposited progressively with the passage of time and
of
have
to
be
suitably
extended
with
the help
thereby reduces the dead as well as live storage capacity of the reservoir. This causes the bed level near the dam to rise and the raised bed level is termed as new zero elevation. It is, therefore, necessary to assess the
revised areas and capacities tions that would be available
in simulation studies to test the reservoir performance
and also the new zeroelevation.
at various reservoir eleva in future and could be used
_{b}_{)} The minimum
drawdown
level
is fixed
a little
above the new zeroelevation computed in (a) above. When other considerations like com mand area elevation, providing extra head for power generation, etc, prevail, this elevation is
fixed higher than one of these.
5.2 Several methods are in use for predicting sediment distribution in reservoirs for design purposes. Either the empirical area reduction method or the area increment method may be used. 52.1 Empirical Area Reduction Method
This method is based on the analysis of data of sediment
distribution.
into four types, namely, (a) gorge, (b) hill, (c) flood
of the
plainfoot hill, and (d) lake,
reservoir capacity to the reservoir depth plotted on a loglog scale (see Fig. 1). Figures 2 and 3 give the
In this method, reservoirs are classified
based
on the ratio
sediment distributionarea design 
curves 
for each type 

of these reservoirs. used is: 
The equation 
for the design curve 

A,, = Cp”‘(1 p) 
(l) 

where 
A,
=
a nondimensional
distance
‘p’ above
relative
area at relative bed, and
the stream
The following 
procedure may be adopted 
for fixing the 
dead storage 
level and sill levels of the outlets: 
C, m and = nondimensional
n fixed depending
constants
which have been
on the type of reservoir.
5.2.1.1 These curves are used to work out the probable
sediment deposition in the reservoir at different depths. This method is more reliable than the area increment
method. An example of the usage of this given in Annex A.
_{a}_{)} The distribution
of the estimated
sediment
load
for the feasible service time of the reservoir should be carried out and new zeroelevations
should be determined, and
method
is
CAPACITY
(C)
Fto. 1 CLASSIFKATION OF RESERVOIR DEPTHVERFUSCAPACTTY &LAllONSHIP
IS 5477( Part 2 ) : 1994
5.2.2Area Increment Method
The basic assumption 
in this method is that 
the 
sedi 

ment 
deposition 
in 
the 
reservoir 
may 
be 
ap 

2.6 
proximated by reducing the reservoir 
area 
at 
each 

reservoir elevation 
by 
a fixed amount. 
Successive 

2.4 
approximations are made. 
Average 
end area (or pris 

moidal 
formula) is used 
to compute 
the 
reservoir 

II AD = 2.487 o o'57I1 DI o'4' 
capacities 
on the basis 
of reduced 
surface areas until 

the total 
reservoir 
capacity 
below 
the 
full 
reservoir 

level 
is the same as the predetermined 
capacity 
ob 

1.6 
tained 
by subtracting 
the 
sediment 
accumulation 

with 
time from the original 
capacity. 

1.6 
The basic equation 
in this method 
is: 

1.4 
V,=A,(Hh,)+V, 
(2) 

where 

_{v}_{,} 
_{=} 
the sediment 
volume 
in the 

reservoir 
in hectare to be distributed metres, 

0.8 
_{A} _{0}_{’} 
the area correction factor in hectares which 

0.6 
is original reservoir area at the new zero elevation of the reservoir, 

0.4 
_{H}_{=} 
the reservoir depth below full reservoir level (F.R.L.) in metres, 

0.2 
_{h}_{,} 
_{=} 
the depth in metres to which the reservoir 

on 
is completely filled with sediment, and 

_{0} 
_{0}_{.}_{t} 
_{0}_{.}_{2} 
_{0}_{.}_{3} 
0.4 
0.5 0.6 
0.7 
0.8 
0.9 
1.0 
_{v}_{,} 
_{=} 
the sediment volume 
below new 
zero 

RELATIVE 
DEPTH 
JPJ 
elevation 
in hectare metres. 

,( MEASURED 
FROM BOTTOM) 
5.2.2.1 In other words, the equation mathematically 

FIG. 
2 SEDIMENT 
DLSTTUJNTION ARFADESIGNCURVES 
expresses that the total sediment volume V, consists of 

(B&m ONRESJXVOIRSTORAGECURWS 
) 
two parts, namely, (a) the protion which is uniformly distributed vertically over the height H  It, with an 
60
0
20
40
60
60
100
120
PERCENT
SEDIMENT
DEPOSITED
FIG.3 TYPECURVESOFPERCENTSm~m
DEPOSIEDVERSUSPERCENT
RESERVOIRDEB B&n, ON Acrua~ OCCURRENCES
3
IS 5477 ( Part
2 ) : 1994
area equal
zero elevatiou
5.2.2.2
to A,, and (b) the portiou
of the reservoir.
V, below
Au example
of the usage of this method
the new
is giveu
in Amlex
NOTE
B.

lhe
applicability
.
.
of this method decreases with
the increase in
the ratio
of
r~s’~~~~~~~.
If
the
hundred years sediment, accumulation ex’ceedi 1.5 per cent of the original capacity, a more exact method should be applied.
5.2.3 Moody k Method to Find New Zero Elevation
This method is used to determine the new zero elevation 0, directly without trial and error process. Two parameters/@) and f’ (p) as explained below are made
USC of:
where
f(J)=
f’(P)=
sV@H)
HAo
0
44)
a functiou of the relative depth of reservoir for one of the four types of theoretical
design
relative voluine at a given elevation,
relative
depth of reservoir
a function
curves,
area at a given
of the relative
elevation,
_{V}_{O}_{=}
S =
H =
for a particular
sediment
total sediment in the reservoir in hectare me&s,
reservoir
hectare
the total depth of reservoir for normal water surface in metres, and
reservoir
at
and its anticipated
elevation
in
storage,
capacity
metres,
a given
_{A} _{(}_{p}_{H}_{)} _{=} 
reservoir 
area at a given 
elevation 
in hec 
tares. 
5.2.3.1
the four types of reservoirs
depth, p,
for the four types of reservoirs of the empirical area
the plotting
@) for
Table 1 gives the values
off(v)
against
of the function/
(see 5.2.1) and Fig. 4 shows
relative
reservoir
method 
(see 
5.2.1) 
and also 
for 
the 
area increment 

method 
(see 5.2.2). 

5.2.3.2 
To 
determine 
the new 
zero 
elevation, 
f(u) 
should equal f ’ (u).This is done graphically
the values of f’ @) and superposing this over the relevant f@) curve. The intersection gives the relative depth of (PO) reservoir at new zero elevation after
sedimentation. New zeroelevation
by adding the product PO. H to the original stream bed
elevation. After arriving at the new zero elevation, either empirical area method (see 5.2,1) or the area increment method (see 5.2.2) is used.
by plotting
may be computed
5.2.3.3 
An example 
to find out the new zero elevation 

is given 
in Annex 
C. 
0.1
o2
0.3
o4
REL*T,Y&P;;6(P)
@’
O8
0e9
‘*O
FIG. 4
CURVESTODETERMWTHEDEPTHOFSEDIMENTINTHERESERVOIR
4
IS 5477
( Part
2
)
: 1994
Table 
1 Values 
of the Functionf(p) 
for the Four 
Types 
of Reservoirs 

(Clause 
5.2.3.1) 

_{P} 
5Pe 

I 
11 
III 
IV 
(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(4 
(5) 

0 

0.01 
996.7 
10.568 
12.03 
0.202 
3 

0.02 
277.5 
_{3}_{.}_{7}_{5}_{8} 
5.544 
0.239 
0 

0.05 
51.49 
_{2}_{.}_{2}_{3}_{3} 
2.057 
0.279 
6 

0.1 
14.53 
_{1}_{.}_{4}_{9}_{5} 
_{1}_{.}_{0}_{1}_{3} 
0.291 
1 

0.15 
6.971 
1.169 
0.682 
1 
0.293 
2 

0.2 
4.145 
0.970 6 
0.518 0 
0.287 
8 

0.25, 
2.766 
0.829 9 
_{0}_{.}_{4}_{1}_{7} _{8} 
0.278 
1 

0.3 
1.900 
0.721 2 
_{0}_{.}_{3}_{4}_{8} _{6} 
0.255 6 

0.35 
1.495 
0.632 3 
0.296 8 
0.2518 

0.4 
1.109 
0.556 5 
_{0}_{.}_{2}_{3}_{3} _{3} 
0.236 
5 

0.45 
0.907 
6 
0.490 0 
_{0}_{.}_{2}_{2}_{1} _{2} 
0.219 
7 

_{0}_{.}_{5} 
0.726 
7 
0.430 
3 
_{0}_{.}_{1}_{9}_{1} _{7} 
0.201 
0 

0.55 
0.586 
0 
0.376 8 
0.168 7 
0.182 6 

0.6 
0.473 
2 
0.325 3 
0.!42 
2 
O.i63 
7 

0.65 
0.380 
5 
0.278 0 
0.120 
7 
0.144 
3 

0.7 
0.302 
6 
0.233 3 
_{0}_{.}_{1}_{0}_{0}_{8} 
0.124 5 

_{0}_{.}_{7}_{5} 
0.235 
9 
0.190 7 
_{0}_{.}_{0}_{8}_{2} _{0}_{4} 
0.104 
4 

_{0}_{.}_{8} 
0.177 
7 
0.150 0 
_{0}_{.}_{0}_{6}_{4} _{2}_{8} 
0.083 
97 

_{0}_{.}_{8}_{5} 
0.120 
2 
0.110 7 
0.047 
3 1 
0.063 
30 

_{0}_{.}_{9} 
0.080 
11 
0.072 76 
_{0}_{.}_{0}_{3}_{1} _{0}_{1} 
0.042 
39 

0.95 
0.058 
30 
0.026 98 
0.015 27 
0.021 
23 

0.98 
0.014 
94 
0.014 
25 
0.006 
057 
0.008 
534 
0.99 
0.007 
411 
0.007 
109 
0.003 
020 
0.002 
470 
I .o 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
0.00 
5
IS 5477 ( Part
2 ) : 1994
ANNEX A
( Clause5.2.1.1)
EMPIRICAL 
AREA 

Al 
DAT.4 

Al.1 
The data giveu 
are as follows: 
a) Original
b) Amlual sediment inflow = 37.00 hectare metres,
capacity
curve,
c) of sedimentation Period 
100 years 
(total sedi 

ment 
for the period = 3 700 hectare 
metres), 
d)
e) Normal
Bed elevatiou
water
= 1 265.00
surface
m,
elevatiou
= 1 302.50
m,
aud 

f) crest = 1 302.50 Spillway 
m. 
A2
A2.1 Referring to Table 2, the data giveu in col 1, 2
aud 3 are from original area capacity curves. The rela
levels to the total depth
from
entered in col 4. Reservoir depth is plotted as ordiuate against reservoir capacity as abscissa at different eleva
tive depth ratio for ditferent
is
PROCEDURE
spillway
crest
(or
FRL)
to
the
stream
bed
REDUCTION
METHOD
tious on a loglog paper. A line is drawn through the plotted points. Reciprocal of the slope of the line will give the value of m by which reservoir type is selected (see Fig. 1). in this case, it is Type II (see Fig. 5). The plot may sometimes indicate a curve having different slopes in different parts. In such cases, the reservoir may be classified into the type in which major portiou of the sediment would deposit.
A2.2 A, in col 5 is obtained from the relevant curve
of Fig. 2. Zero elevation is assumed which in this case
is 1 277.00 m. Surface area corresponding tiou is 121.40 hectares. A,, at this elevation
Fig. 2). Find out K, the ratio of original area at assumed
uew zero elevatiou ( col 2 ) to the corresponding value ( co15 ).
to this eleva is 1.10 (see
A,
,*(5)
at each
K
=  121.40
1.10
= 110.36
A,
is sediment
A2.2.1
succeeding
Column
6 is K multiplied
which
values
area.
increment,
^{a}
R
3
8
88
FIG. 5
_{a}
RESERVOIR
g
HH&
CAPACIN
IN
HECTARE
CURVETODETERMINEVALUEOF
Es
N
METRES
‘m'
8
s
6
IS 5477
( Part
2 )
:
1994
Table 
2 
Sediment 
Deposition 
Computation by Empirical 
Area 
Reduction 

( 
Clause A2.1 
) 

Elevation 
Original 
Relative 
Sediment 
Accumu 

m 
Depth 
lated 

capacity 
Am3 
Volume 
Sediment 

Area 
Volume 

Hectare 
Hectare 
Hectare Hectare 
HectalE 

Metres 
Metres 
Metres 

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
“(5) 
(6) 
(7) 
_{(}_{8}_{)} 

1302.5 
1882.00 
19 330.00 
1.00 
0.000 
0.00 
0.0 
3 708.16 

1301.0 
1659.00 
L6 460.00 
0.96 
0.65 
71.73 
53.8 
3 
654.36 

1 298.0 
1295.00 
11960.00 
0.88 
0.97 
107.05 268.17 
3 386.19 

1 295.0 
_{9}_{9}_{1}_{.}_{5}_{0} 
8 480.00 
0.80 
1.13 
i24.70 347.63 
3 036.54 

1 292.0 
_{7}_{0}_{0}_{.}_{1}_{0} 
5 889.00 
0.72 
1.22 
134.64 389.01 
2 649.55 

1 289.0 
505.80 
4 039.00 
0.64 
1.26 
139.05 410.54 
2 239.01 

1 286.0 
364.20 
2 713.00 
0.56 
1.28 
141.26 420.47 
1 818.54 

1 283.0 
263.00 
1758.00 
0.48 
1.25 
137.95 418.82 
1 399.72 

1 280x) 
182.10 
1079.00 
0.40 
1.19 
131.33 403.92 
995.8 

1 277.0 
121.40 
616.70 
0.32 
121.40 379.10 
616.7 

1 274.0 
80.93 
3wi.30 
0.24 
80.93 
308.4 
308.3 

1271.0 
40.47 
123.30 
0.16 
40.47 
185.0 
123.3 

1 268.0 
20.23 
30.83 
0.08 
20.23 
92.47 
30.83 

1 265.0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
30.83 
0 
Method
Revised 
Revised 

_{f}_{I}_{r}_{e}_{a} 
ChpllCity 

Hectares 
Hectare 

Me&s 

(9) 
(10) 

1882.00 
15 621.84 

1 587.27 
12 805.64 

1 187.95 
8 
173.81 
866.8 
5 441.44 

573.46 
3 239.45 

_{3}_{6}_{6}_{.}_{7}_{5} 
1 799.99 

222.94 
894.46 

125.05 
358.28 

50.67 
83.20 

0 
0 

0 
0 

_{0} 
0’ 

0 
0 

0 
0 
3 708.16
A2.2.2
Column
7 is the incxment
of sediment volume
of
3 708.16 which is nearly equal to the computed sedi
ment volume of 3 700.00 hectare metres. Hence, the
zero elevation assumed is correct, If the values do not tally, further trials have to be made till the sediment values differ by not more than one percent. Column 8
gives the sediment accumulation iolume
metres. Revised areas in co1 9 are obtained by subtract ing values in co1 6 from co1 2. Revised capacity in co1 10 is obtained by subtracting values in co1 8 from ~013.
A2.2.3
Sum
of
co1 7 gives
the sediment volume
computed by the average end area formula, that is equal to:
where
$AI+~+V
_{(}_{6}_{)}
_{h}_{} _{t}_{h}_{e} _{h}_{e}_{i}_{g}_{h}_{t} _{o}_{f} _{t}_{h}_{e} _{s}_{e}_{g}_{m}_{e}_{n}_{t}_{,}
Al and A2 =
V =
‘the areas at the end of the segment, and
the volume
of the segment.
in hectare
7
IS 5477
( Part
2 )
: 1994
ANNEXB (Clause 5.2.2.2)
AREAINCREMENT METHOD
Bl 
DATA 

Bl.1 
Data given 
are the same as in A1.1. 
B2 PROCEDURE
B2.1 Table 3’gives typical calculations
for working out the revised capacity. The procedure is as given below:
Step
of an example
I

Assume ho and corresponding to this ho read
A0 and V. from the original
curve. Substitute
equation
Vs = A0 (H  ho) + VO.In this case
area
in
capacity
the
basic
the
values
h 
= 12.0 
metres, A0 = 121.40 
hectares, 

Vc,= 616.70 
_{h}_{e}_{c}_{t}_{a}_{r}_{e} 
metres 
and 

V, = 3 712.4 hectare metres which 
is nearly 
Step 2 
equal to the 3 700.00 hectare metres of the total sediment load within one percent.
of sedi
Compute
the
cumulative
volume
Step 3 
Step4 
ment (co1 5) by applying the area correction factor which is in co1 4 of Table 2 and get the vblume by average end area formula. Com puted volume should then be within one percent of the predetermined sediment value.
Revised areas in co1 6 are obtained by reduc ing the original area at each increment in co1 2 by the area correction factor in co1 4.
by
reducing the original capacity at each incre
ment by the sediment accumulation (co1 7 =
The
revised
capacity
is
determined
co1 3  
col 5). 

B2.2 
The 
result 
obtained 
should 
be 
compared 
with 
actual resurvey curve. After verifying, the probable sedirneut depositiou in the reservoir at different depths
may be worked out for the sediment
distributed in the period equal to the life of the reservoir.
volume
to
be
Table
3 Area
Increment
(Clause
B2.1)
Method
Elevatlon 
Original 
Area 
_{O}_{r}_{i}_{g}_{i}_{n}_{a}_{l} 
Sediment 
Revised 

m 
Capacity 
Volume 
Arm 
C’apacity 

Hectares 
Hectare 
Hectares 
Hectare 
Hectares 
Hectare 

Metres 
Metws 
Metres 

_{(}_{1}_{)} 
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 

_{1} 
_{3}_{0}_{2}_{.}_{5} 
1882.00 
19 330.00 
121.40 
3 712.40 
176.60 
15617.60 

1 301.0 
1659.00 
16 460.00 
121.40 
3 530.3 
1 537.60 
12 929.70 

_{1} 
_{2}_{9}_{8}_{.}_{0} 
_{1}_{2}_{9}_{5}_{.}_{0}_{0} 
11 960.00 
121.40 
3 166.10 
1 173.60 
8 
793.90 

_{1} _{2}_{9}_{5}_{.}_{0} 
991.50 
8 480.00 
121.40 
2 801.90 
870.10 
5 
678.1 

_{1} _{2}_{9}_{2}_{.}_{0} 
_{7}_{0}_{8}_{.}_{1}_{0} 
5 889.00 
121.40 
2 437.7 
586.70 
3 
451.3 

_{1} 
_{2}_{8}_{9}_{.}_{0} 
505.80 
4 
039 .oo 
121.40 
2 073.5 
384.40 
I 985.5 

_{1} _{2}_{8}_{6}_{.}_{0} 
364.20 
2 713.00 
121.40 
1709.30 
242.80 
1 
003.7 

_{I} _{2}_{8}_{3}_{.}_{0} 
263.00 
1758.00 
121.40 
1 345.10 
141.40 
412.90 

_{1} _{2}_{8}_{0}_{.}_{0} 
_{1}_{8}_{2}_{.}_{1}_{0} 
1 079.00 
121.40 
980.90 
60.70 
98.10 

_{1} _{2}_{7}_{7}_{.}_{0} 
_{1}_{2}_{1}_{.}_{4}_{0} 
616.70 
121.40 
616.70 
0 
0 

1 274.0 
80.93 
308.30 
80.93 
308.30 
0 
0 

1271.0 
40.47 
123.30 
40.47 
123.30 
0 
0 

1 268.0 
20.23 
30.83 
20.23 
30.83 
0 
0 

1 265.0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
0 
IS 5477
( Part
2 ) : 1994
ANNEX C
( Clause
5.2.3.3
)
MOODY’S
METHOD
TO FIND NEW
ZERO
ELEVATION
Cl 
DATA 

Cl.1 
The data given 
are as follows: 
division of each depth corresponding
given in co1 1 by the total depth (H). Column 5 is worked out from the known original area versus depth
to the elevations
a) Reservoir 
_{T}_{y}_{p}_{e} _{1}_{1}_{,} 
curve and it is the product of the area at a specified 

b) 
Bottom elevation 
_{=} _{1} _{2}_{6}_{5}_{.}_{0}_{0} _{m}_{,} 
elevation and the total depth. Column 4 is obtained by 

c) 
Total depth 
(H) 
= 37.5 m, and 
subtracting co1 3 from ‘S’. Column 6 is obtained from Fig. 4, and column 7 is worked out by equation (4). 

d) 
Total sediment in reservoir (S) 
= 3 700 hectare 

metres. 
C1.2.1 
In Fig. 
6, f@) 
andf’ 
(p) curves are 
drawn 

against 
relative reservoir 
depth 
@) and their 
intersec 

Cl.2 
Referring to Table 4, the data given 
in co1 1 and 
tion corresponds 
_{t}_{o} 
_{P}_{O} 
of 
0.32. 
Therefore, 

3 
are 
taken 
from the known original 
capacity versus 

depth 
curve. 
Column 2 is worked out as the result of 
PJY = 12.00 m 1 265.00 + 12.00 
and the = 1 277.00 new m. 
zero 
elevatiou is 

Table 
4 Moody’s 
Method for Determination 
of New 
Zero Elevation 

(ClauseC1.2) 

Elevatiod 
_{P} 
VCPM 
SV@H) 
HA W) 
_{f}_{(}_{p}_{)} 
_{f}_{r}_{o}_{m} 
f ’ (~1 from 

m 
Fig. 4 
_{h}_{4} 

Hectare 
Hectare 
Hectare 

Metres 
Metres 
Metres 

(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 

1 
268.00 
0.08 
30.83 
3 669 
759 
1.80 
4.83 

1271.00 
0.16 
123.30 
3 577 
1.518 
1.22 
2.36 

1274.00 
0.24 
308.30 
3 392 
3 035 
0.85 
1.12 

1 
277.00 
0.32 
616.70 
3083 
4 553 
0.68 
0.68 

1280.00 
0.40 
1 
079.00 
2621 
6 829 
0.56 
0.38 

1283.00 
0.48 
1758.00 
1942 
9863 
0.46 
0.20 

1286.00 
0.56 
2 
713.00 
987 
13650 
0.39 
0.07 
IS 5477( Part 2 ) : 1994
20
1.o
0.5
0.2
_{E}_{L}_{E}_{U}_{i}_{T}_{l}_{O}_{N}
OF SEDltiENT
DEPOSITiD
AT DAM = 1277.GOM
0.1
0
_{0}_{.}_{1}
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
RELATIVE DEPTH (P)
FIG.6 EXAMPLEM)R DIRECI DETERMINATIONOF NEW ZEROELEVARON
10
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