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Science Bowl 2019 – Prelim Questions for Biology

1. The cell cycle involved Interphase and Mitosis including Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and this
last phase
Telophase

2. Stanley discovered the first from a tobacco plant, Jenner initially had a clue they existed and Sabin
and Salk helped cure a disease linked to them. What are they?
Virus

3. Which term refers to the actual gene makeup of an organism?


Genotype

4. What is the name for flowering plants, which produce seeds that develop enclosed within a
specialized structure called a fruit?
Angiosperms

5. Proteins that cause reactions to proceed faster and lower the activation energy are called what?
Enzymes

6. Name the levels of ecological organization in order, starting smallest to largest.


Individual, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere

7. A somatic cell has 46 chromosomes but when it is ready to divide the nucleus, it has how many
chromatids?
92

8. All cells of an organism find their linage from a single fertilized cell. What is this single fertilized cell
called?
Zygote

9. A virus must do what to reproduce?


Infect a living host/cell

10. What is the name of the 6-carbon monosaccharide that is the universal cellular fuel of plants and
animals?
Glucose

11. Why is the tundra biome considered to be a desert biome?


Because it receives less than 10 inches of precipitation per year

12. The maintenance of a relatively constant internal environment despite external fluctuations is known
as what process?
Homeostasis
Science Bowl – Biology 2019 Final Questions

1. What is the basic unit of life?


Cell

2. In DNA replication, adenine or “A” pairs with “T”. “C” pairs with “G”. In transcription though, what
does “A” pair with”
U or Uracil

3. What do we call an animal that eats plants?


Herbivore

4. If you cross two heterozygous tall pea plants, what percentage of the offspring would be tall if tall is
the dominant trait and short is the recessive trait?
75% would be tall

5. Parasitism is a relationship in which:


One organism will benefit at the expense of another organism

6. Name the term which is used to describe the biotic and abiotic components of a particular biological
area.
Ecosystem

7. Truffles, morels, and many of the yeasts which are basic to fermentation processes belong to this
group of fungi. What are they known as?
Ascomycota/Ascomycetes

8. What is the biome name where Sherpas are commonly found?


The Alpine Biome

13. For convenience, living things are placed into taxonomic groups. Name the 7 major categories in
order.
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species

9. What kind of organism would you find tissue such as ground tissue, dermal tissue, and vascular
tissue such as xylem and phloem?
Plants

10. This is the site of protein synthesis in every cellular organism.


Ribosome