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International Conference on Current Trends in Computer, Electrical, Electronics and Communication (ICCTCEEC-2017)

SMART TRASH: An Efficient Way for Monitoring Solid Waste Management

Ujwala Ravale

Assistant Professor, Dept. Of CE SIESGST Nerul, Navi Mumbai

Anindita Khade

Assistant Professor, Dept. Of CE SIESGST Nerul, Navi Mumbai

Namrata Patel

Assistant Professor, Dept. Of CE SIESGST Nerul, Navi Mumbai

Suvarna Chaure

Assistant Professor, Dept. Of CE SIESGST Nerul, Navi Mumbai

Abstract Solid waste management is primary issue in modern cities due to increase population, change in our lifestyle and increased in number of industries. As we have seen number of times the dustbins get overflowed and the concerned people don t get the information within a time and due to which filthy condition formed around the surroundings, at the same time bad smell spread out due to waste, bad look of the city which paves the way for air pollution and to some harmful diseases around the locality which is easily spreadable. It creates unhygienic condition for the people and creates bad ugliness around the surroundings. This leads in spreading some deadly diseases & human illness, to avoid such a situation we are planning to design Solid Waste Management using Smart Bin. This will help to provide a better standard of living for people. Also the waste generated can be forwarded to recycling centers as well as biodegradation centers according to the type of waste.The major advantage of this proposed system is it will stop the dustbin overflowing around the road side and localities as smart bins are used in real time.

Keywords Raspberry Pi, Arduino Uno Board, Level detecting sensors,IoT

1.

INTRODUCTION

Internet of Things is a new revolution of the Internet. The goal of the Internet of Things is to enable things to be connected anytime, anyplace, with anything and anyone ideally using any path/network and any service. In the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm, many of the objects that surround us will be on the network in one form or another. Smart connectivity with existing networks and context-aware computation using network resources is an essential part of IoT. The rising population in India causes serious problems with regard to availability of living space, utilization of natural resources, education and employment. But another serious problem rising is that amount of waste generated by each individual for each minute. In India,

collection, transportation and disposal of solid waste is unscientific and chaotic.

I. NEED FOR SMART THRASH BIN

Although the world is in a stage of up gradation, there is yet another problem that has to be deal with is Garbage. Dustbin is a basic and common need everywhere. Many times it is observed that garbage bins being overfull and the garbage being spilled out from the bins around us. This leads to various diseases as large number of insects and mosquitoes breed on it. Breeding of these mosquitoes causes various diseases like malaria, dengue etc. Majority of viruses and bacterial infections develop in polluted environment. Safeguarding the environment using technology sources is needed at present. Majority of the public environment seems to be polluted with the waste material. A big challenge in the urban cities is solid waste management. Now with rise of technology it is high time to use technology for waste management [1]. Hence, smart dustbin is a system which can eliminate this problem or at least reduce it to the minimum level. Our present Prime Minister of India, Sri Narendra Modiji has introduced the concept of implementing 100 smart cities in India. Swachh Bharat Abhiyan was initiated to ensure a clean environment. Majority of viruses and bacterial infections develop in polluted environment. Safeguarding the environment using technology sources is needed at present. Majority of the public environment seems to be polluted with the waste material. So, modernization of the dustbins is needed by imparting the smart technology.

978-1-5386-3243-7/17/$31.00 ©2017 IEEE

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International Conference on Current Trends in Computer, Electrical, Electronics and Communication (ICCTCEEC-2017)

II. METHODOLOGY

and Communication (ICCTCEEC-2017) II. METHODOLOGY Fig. 1 The above figure shows the block diagram of the

Fig. 1

The above figure shows the block diagram of the proposed system. It contains two IR sensors, Arduino Uno and Raspberry pie. Amongst the two ultrasonic one IR sensor will detect 50% garbage collected in dustbin and second IR sensor will detect 100% garbage collected in dustbin. IR sensors are used to detect the level of garbage collected in dustbin. Output of IR sensor is given to Arduino Uno board which act as system controller. The status of bin are informed to municipal control unit through Raspberry pie.

III. SYSTEM FLOW

At first, the level of garbage collected in dustbin is measured by Infrared sensor. One Infrared sensor is going to detect 50% threshold level of bin whether it is half filled. Second Infrared sensor is going to detect that bin is completely full. If the garbage level is crossing 50% level then first warning message is sent to municipality. When bin is completely full then again second warning message is sent to municipality.

then again second warning message is sent to municipality. Fig 2. At sending station (The local

Fig 2. At sending station (The local Dustbin)

municipality. Fig 2. At sending station (The local Dustbin) Fig 3 : At receiving station(The SERVER)

Fig 3 : At receiving station(The SERVER)

The above flowcharts explains the entire system of garbage collection.

IV. RESULTS

The below screenshots indicate the working of the proposed model.

RESULTS The below screenshots indicate the working of the proposed model. Fig 4.Locations and status of

Fig 4.Locations and status of trash bins.

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International Conference on Current Trends in Computer, Electrical, Electronics and Communication (ICCTCEEC-2017)

Electrical, Electronics and Communication (ICCTCEEC-2017) Fig 5. Database connections to the server Fig 6.Status of

Fig 5. Database connections to the server

(ICCTCEEC-2017) Fig 5. Database connections to the server Fig 6.Status of bin located at Nerul has

Fig 6.Status of bin located at Nerul has changed

The results clearly depict how the status of bin located at Nerul has changed indicating the same to the municipal corporation regional office.

V. APPLICATIONS AND FUTURE WORK

This proposed approach can be used to keep our city clean. Also this is the first step to manage waste. This work can be further extended as to identifying the type of waste and disposing thereafter. This can help very efficiently in wet waste management.

VI. REFERENCES

Wahab

,MohdRazaliTomari,MohamadHairolJabbar," Smart Recycle Bin A Conceptual Approach of Smart Waste Management with Integrated Web based System" 2014

[1]Mohd

Helmy

Abd

[2] Narayan Sharma, Nirman Singha, Tanmoy Dutta., Smart Bin Implementation for Smart Cities ,IJSER,Volume 6,Issue 9,September

2015

[3] Adil Bashir, Shoaib Amin Banday, Ab. Rouf Khan, Mohammad Shafi," Concept, Design and Implementation of Automatic Waste Management System", International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN 2321 8169,

Volume:1Issue:7

604 609, 2016.

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