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NR Electric Co., Ltd.

PCS-985BT/TW/
TS/T
Transformer Relay

PCS-985 transformer relay can be applied for transformer with transformer and two step-down transformers.
various voltage levels and wiring modes, and provides interfaces PCS-985TW provides complete protection scheme for
for power plant automation. The full-integrated transformer one medium to large main transformer and one step-down
protection integrates protection, control and monitoring functions transformer.
to provide users with a comprehensive, reliable and cost-
effective solution. It supports conventional CT/VT and ECT/EVT, PCS-985TS provides complete protection scheme for small
and fully compatible with IEC-61850 communication. main transformers, step-down transformers and startup/standby
transformers in power plants. It can be used for the transformer
For a large-scale transformer, two sets of PCS-985 protection with up to 4 branches at LV side.
can be used to achieve duplicated protection configuration. Two
PCS-985 protections use different CT groups, and main and PCS-985T provides complete protection scheme for medium to
backup protection in one PCS-985 share one group of CTs. large startup/standby transformers and step-down transformers
in power plants. It can be used for the transformer with up to 8
PCS-985BT provides complete protection scheme for one main branches at LV side.

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rent is used as criterion of overexcitation discrimination.

• Current differential protection of step-down transformer (87T)


Percentage restraint current differential element is variable
slope differential element. Advanced “asynchronous method”
CT saturation detection algorithms can prevent the protection
from mal-operation caused by CT saturation during internal
fault. The fast detection of CT circuit abnormal condition can
avoid mal-operation. Unrestrained instantaneous differential
element provides high speed tripping against internal serious
fault. Inrush current can be detected via second harmonic
restraint principle or waveform distortion discrimination prin-
ciple.

• Transformer restricted earth fault protection (64REF)


Transformer restricted earth fault protection is the main
protection for the internal earth fault of transformer winding.
The biased differential element with restraint characteristic is
adopted, it has independent CT saturation criterion.

• High-voltage stub cable differential current protection (87S)


It can be used as main protection of high-voltage stub cable
if it is not included in the differential protection range of start-
Functions up/standby transformer.
Protection and control
• Current differential protection of generator-transformer unit • High-voltage stub cable overcurrent protection (50/51P)
(87GTU) Two-stage overcurrent protections are used for the high-volt-
Percentage restraint current differential element is variable age stub cable between the bushing of startup/standby
slope differential element. Advanced “asynchronous method” transformer and high voltage breakers.
CT saturation detection algorithms can prevent the protection
from mal-operation caused by CT saturation during internal • Voltage controlled overcurrent protection (50/51P)
fault. The fast detection of CT circuit abnormal condition can There are two stages with two separate time delays. Com-
avoid mal-operation. Unrestrained instantaneous differential posite voltage element consists of phase-to-phase undervolt-
element provides high speed tripping against internal serious age element and negative-sequence overvoltage element.
fault. Inrush current can be detected via second harmon-
ic restraint principle or waveform distortion discrimination • Reverse current protection (50/51R)
principle. The fifth harmonic of differential current is used as Two stages of reverse current protection are equipped, and
criterion of overexcitation discrimination. each stage has one time delay. During reverse current oper-
ation (i.e. current flows from system to transformer) and the
• Current differential protection of main transformer (87T) generator circuit breaker is open, the reverse current protec-
Percentage restraint current differential element is variable tion is enabled.
slope differential element. Advanced “asynchronous method”
CT saturation detection algorithms can prevent the protection • Phase-to-phase impedance protection (21)
from mal-operation caused by CT saturation during internal Two stages of impedance protection are equipped as phase-
fault. The fast detection of CT circuit abnormal condition can to-phase backup protection. Full impedance, directional
avoid mal-operation. Unrestrained instantaneous differential impedance or shifted impedance characteristics can be se-
element provides high speed tripping against internal serious lected for these two stages.
fault. DPFC current differential element (only available for
PCS-985BT and PCS-985TW) can fully reflect the change • Ground overcurrent protection (50/51G)
of differential current and restraint current, and it is not af- Two-stage definite-time ground overcurrent protection and
fected by the load current and is sensitive to small internal one stage inverse-time of ground overcurrent protection with
fault current within the generator, its performance against CT independent current and time delay settings are available.
saturation is also good. Inrush current can be detected via Residual voltage, direction element and second harmonic
second harmonic restraint principle or waveform distortion blocking element can be selected to control each stage of
discrimination principle. The fifth harmonic of differential cur- ground overcurrent protection.

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• MODBUS protocol
• Gap zero-sequence overvoltage/overcurrent protection.
Gap zero-sequence protection at HV side is used for a trans-
former with neutral point grounded through a gap or small
Features
reactance. • Parallel calculation of double DSP system
The hardware of the device comprises a 32-bit
• Overexcitation protection (24) microprocessor and two 32-bit digital signal processors
Overexcitation protection is used to check the over-flux phe- (DSP). Those processors can operate in parallel companied
nomenon during operation of the generator and transformer. by fast A/D converter. The 32-bit microprocessor performs
The ratio of voltage and frequency is adopted to check over- logic calculation and the DSP performs the protection
excitation, for the ratio is proportional to the flux density of calculation. High performance hardware ensures real time
the protected object. calculation of all protection relays within a sampling interval.
O n t h e p r e m i s e o f 2 4 s a m p l e s p e r c y c l e , a ll d a ta
• Pole disagreement protection (62PD) measurement, calculation and logic discrimination could be
There are three current criteria for pole disagreement pro- done within one sampling period. The event recording and
tection: phase current criterion, residual current criterion protection logic calculation are completed simultaneously.
and negative-sequence current criterion. The three current
criteria can be enabled or disabled independently. Pole dis- • Independent fault detector
agreement position input signal is used to initiate pole dis- Independent fault detectors in fault detector DSP module
agreement protection. for connecting power supply of output relays. The relay can
drive a tripping output only when protection element on
• Breaker flashover protection (50F) protection DSP module operates with the fault detector in the
Before the generator-transformer unit connects with the fault detector DSP module operating simultaneously. This
system, when the difference of phase angle between bus kind of independent supervision of tripping outputs using
voltage and generator voltage is around 1800, breaker flash- fault detectors can avoid any mal-operation possibly caused
over is possible. Breaker flashover protection is used in case by any hardware component failure. This highly increases
of this situation, and one phase and two phase flashover are the security.
considered.
• Configurable tripping output
• Breaker failure initiation (50BF) The tripping output contacts can be configured by tripping
When there is an internal fault of the main transformer, the matrix and suitable to any mode of tripping.
protection operates to trip but the breaker of the transformer
fails, it needs to initiate breaker failure protection and trip ad- • Fault recording function
jacent breakers in time. Event records include 1024 binary input events and 1024
alarm events. Disturbance records including 64 fault
• Residual voltage alarm at LV side (59GAlm) reports, and 64 disturbance waveforms, and file format of
Residual voltage alarm at LV side can be provided for the waveform is compatible with international COMTRADE91
transformer as the supervision of earthing fault. and COMTRADE99 file. Analog inputs and binary inputs can
Overload protection be recorded, and three oscillography triggering mode are
Cooling initiation function supported, which are protection pickup triggering, manual
triggering on keypad of device, and remote triggering through
• Blocking on-load tap change during overload (OLTC) PCS-Explorer software.

Miscellaneous • Integration of main and backup protection


• Mechanical protection (MR) Main and backup protection are integrated in one set of
• Fault detector (FR) protection device. Protection information is shared by all
parts. The device can record all relevant waveforms of any
• Voltage and current drift auto adjustment.
fault.
• VT circuit supervision (VTS)
• CT circuit supervision (CTS) • Reliable CT saturation detection
• Self diagnostic Based on the operation sequence of DPFC restraint current
element and DPFC differential current element of differential
• GPS clock synchronization
protection, external fault with CT saturation or internal fault
• Fault recorder can be distinguished correctly.
• IEC61850 MMS & GOOSE for station bus
• IEC60870-5-103 protocol

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