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Q1.

Q2.

Q3.

Q4.

Q5.

Q6.

JEST 2019 (Booklet Series-A)

Part-A: 1-Mark Questions

Let r be the position vector of a point on a closed contour C . What is the value of the line

integral

r dr ?

(a) 0

(b)

1

2

(c) 1

(d)

A ? A / s (b) 1 A / s (c) 5 A / s
A ?
A / s
(b) 1 A / s
(c) 5 A / s
(d) 80 A / s
x
 iy
(b) Second and third quadrants
(d) Nowhere
 QP,
a
a
Q  q
cos
bp P  q
sin
bp
1
1
1
(b)
(c)
2, 2
(d)
2 , 2
1 ,2
2
(b) 13.6 eV
(c) 27.2 eV
(d) 54.4 eV

First and second quadrants

Second and fourth quadrants

A dc voltage of 80 Volt is switched on across a circuit containing a resistance of 5in series

with an inductance of 20 H . What is the rate of change of current at the instant when the current

is 12

(a) 0

Consider the function f xy,

. In which domain of the complex plane is this function

analytic?

(a)

(c)

Consider the following transformation of the phase space coordinates qp,

For what values of a and b will the transformation be canonical?

(a) 1,1

What is the binding energy of an electron in the ground state of a He ion?

(a)

A collimated white light source illuminates the slits of a double slit interference setup and forms

6.8 eV

the interference pattern on a screen. If one slit is covered with a blue filter, which one of the

following statements is correct?

(a)

No interference pattern is observed after the slit is covered with the blue filter

(b)

Interference pattern remains unchanged with and without the blue filter

(c)

A blue interference pattern is observed

(d)

The central maximum is blue with coloured higher order maxima

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Q7.

Q8.

Q9.

Q10.

Q11.

Consider a system of N distinguishable particles with two energy levels for each particle, a

ground state with energy zero and an excited state with energy 0 . What is the average energy

per particle as the system temperature T   ?

(a) 0

(b)

2

(c)

(d)

Consider a diatomic molecule with an infinite number of equally spaced non-degenerate energy

levels. The spacing between any two adjacent levels is and the ground state energy is zero.

1 1 Z  (b) Z    1  k B T 1
1
1
Z
(b) Z 
1 
k B T
1  e
k T
B
1 
1
k
T
B
Z
(d) Z 
2
k B T
1 
1  e
k
T
B
B   nKtzˆ
(b) B   nKzˆ
0
0
B   nKt xˆ  yˆ
(d)
B   cnKtzˆ
0
0
is a conservative vector, A
 A  A  0
(b) A    0
 A A 0
A   0
(d) 

What is the single particle partition function Z ?

(a)

(c)

A very long solenoid (axis along z direction) of n turns per unit length carries a current which

increases linearly with time, i Kt . What is the magnetic field inside the solenoid at a given

time t ?

(a)

(c)

Suppose A

is a non-conservative vector and is non-zero scalar

everywhere. Which one of the following is true?

(a)

(c)

Consider two n n matrices, A and B such that A B is invertible. Define two matrices,

C

AA B

1

B

(a) C D

and

D

(b)

BA B

C

1

D

1

A

. Which of the following relations always hold true?

(c) B CA ADB

(d) C D

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Q12.

Q13.

Q14.

Q15.

Q16.

The refractive index n of the entire environment around a double slit interference setup is

changed from n 1 to n 2 . Which one of the following statements is correct about the change

in the interference pattern?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

A cyclotron can accelerate deuteron to 16 MeV . If the cyclotron is used to accelerate -

The fringe pattern disappears

The central bright maximum turns dark, i.e. becomes a minimum

Fringe width of the pattern increases by a factor 2

Fringe width of the pattern decreases by a factor 2

(b) 16 MeV (c) 32 MeV (d) 64 MeV 3 4 1 42 1 31
(b) 16 MeV
(c) 32 MeV
(d) 64 MeV
3
4
1
42
1
31
1
(b)
1ss,2
,2 p
(c)
1s
5 (d)
1ssp,2
,2
 1
0
45 S , respectively. The angular velocity of the rotation of Earth is given to be

to the east in Northern hemisphere and west in Southern Hemisphere

to the west in Northern hemisphere and east in Southern Hemisphere

to the east in both hemispheres

to the west in both hemispheres

particles, what will be their energy? Take the mass of deuteron to be twice the mass of proton

and mass of alpha particles to be four times the mass of protons.

(a)

8 MeV

Consider a hypothetical world in which the electron has spin

2 instead of 1 2 . What will be the

electronic configuration for an element with atomic number Z 5 ?

(a)

1s ,2 s

Two objects of unit mass are thrown up vertically with a velocity of 1 ms

at latitudes

0

45 N

and

In which direction will the objects deflect when they reach their highest point (due to Coriolis

7.29

10

5

s

1

force)? Assume zero air resistance.

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Which one of the following vectors lie along the line of intersection of the two planes

x 3 yz 5 and 2243xyz

?

(a)

10 i ˆ 2 ˆ jk5 ˆ

(b)

10

(c)

10 i ˆ 2 ˆ jk5 ˆ

(d)

10

i ˆ 6 ˆ jk8 ˆ

i ˆ 2 ˆ jk5 ˆ

.

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Q17.

Q18.

Q19.

Q20.

Q21.

What is the value of the integral

(a)

(b)

1

2





dxx

2

2

(c)

cos x

1

?

(d) 0

Two joggers A and B are running at a steady pace around a circular track. A takes

T

A

minutes

whereas B takes

T

B

T

A

minutes to complete one round. Assuming that they have started

together, what will be time taken by A to overtake B for the first time?
together, what will be time taken by A to overtake B for the first time?
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
T
T
T
T
T
 T
T
T
A
B
A
B
A
B
A
B
The magnetic field (Gaussian units) in an empty space is described by
B  B
exp
ax sin
ky  t zˆ
0
What is the y - component of the electric field?
ac
ac
(a)
B
sin
ky t
(b)
B
exp
 
ax
cos
ky  t
0
0
(c)
 B sin ky   t
(d) 0
0
Let A be a hermitian matrix, and C and D be the unitary matrices. Which one of the following
matrices is unitary?
1
1
1
1
(a)
C AC
(b)
C DC
(c)
C AD
(d)
A CD
2
2
b x
The wave function
x
A exp
   (for real constants A and b ) is a normalized eigen-
2
function of the Schrodinger equation for a particle of mass m
and energy E
in
a
one
dimensional potential V  x  such that V  x   0 at x  0 . Which of the following is correct?
242
242
2
2
2
2
b x
b x
b
b
(a)
V
 
(b)
V
 
(c)
E
 
(d)
E
 
m
2
m
4
m
m
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Q22.

A quantum particle of mass m is in a one dimensional potential of the form



V x

1

2

 

2

mx

2

,

if

if

x

x

0

0

where is a constant. Which one of the following represents the possible ground state wave

function of the particle?

Q23.

Q24.

  1 1 (a) (b) 0 0 0  x  0  x
1
1
(a)
(b)
0
0
0
 x

0
 x

1
1
1
1
(c)
(d)
0
0
0
 x

0
 x

1
1
1
13
27
Consider a 2 2 matrix
A
   what is
A
?
 
0
1
27
1
13
1
13
1
27
1
351
(a)
(b)
(c)
(d)
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1
Consider a grand ensemble of a system of one dimensional non-interacting classical harmonic
oscillators (each of frequency ). Which one of the following equations is correct? Here the
angular bracket 
indicate the ensemble average. N , E and T represent the number of particles,

energy and temperature, respectively.

(a)

(c)

E

E

N

k T

B

2

Nk T

B

k

B

is the Boltzmann constant. k T B (b) E  N 2 (d) E 
is the Boltzmann constant.
k T
B
(b)
E  N
2
(d)
E  N kT
B
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Q25.

Q1.

Q2.

Q3.

A bullet with initial speed v

0 is fired at a log of wood. The resistive force by wood on the bullet

is given by

(a)

m v

0

1

1

v

, where 1. What is the time taken to stop the bullet inside the wood log?

(b)

m v

0

1



1

(c)

m v

1

0

1

PART- B: 3 Mark-Questions

(d)

v

1

0

m

1

A person plans to go from town A to town B by taking either the
A person plans to go from town
A
to town
B
by taking either the route  R1 R 2 with
probability
or the route  R1 R 3 with probability
(see
1 2
1 2
R 2
figure). Further, there is a probability 1 3 that R1 is blocked, a
R1
A
B
probability 1 3 that R 2 is blocked, and a probability 1 3 that R 3 is
R 3
blocked. What is the probability that he/she would reach town B ?
8
4
2
(a)
(b) 1 3
(c)
(d)
9
9
3
What is the change in the kinetic energy of rotation of the earth if its radius shrinks by 1% ?
Assume that the mass remains the same and the density is uniform.
(a)
increases by 1%
(b) increases by 2%
(c)
decreases by 1%
(d) decreases by 2%
Analysis the ideal op-amp circuit in the figure. Which one of the following statements is true
about the output voltage
V
, when terminal ‘ C ’ is connected to point ‘ A ’ and then to point
out
‘ B ’?
R
R
V
V
out
in
C
A
R B

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

V

out

V

out

V

out

V

out

V

in

and

 V and

in

V

out

V

out

 V

V

in

in

when ‘ C ’ is connected to ‘ A ’ and ‘ B ’, respectively when ‘ C ’ is connected to ‘ A ’ and ‘ B ’, respectively

 V

V

in

in

when ‘ C ’ is connected to either ‘ A ’ or ‘ B

when ‘ C ’ is connected to either ‘ A ’ or ‘ B

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Q4.

White light of intensity I

0

is incident normally on a filter plate of thickness d . The plate has a

wavelength dependent absorption coefficient

 

0


1

0

  per unit length. The band

pass edge of the filter is defined as the wavelength at which the intensity, after passig through the

Q5.

Q6.

filter, is

I

I

0

,

 

0

,

0

and are constants. The reflection coefficient of the plate may be

 0  0  0 d r 1 and rr  r  
0
0
0
d
r 1 and
rr  r
22
1
r
r
1
2
q (b)
q
(c) 0
(d)
q
r
r
2
1
 
0
0

The bandwidth is linear dependent on

The bandwidth is independent of the plate thickness d

The bandwidth is linearly dependent on

The bandwidth is dependent on the ratio

V

assumed to be independent of . Which one of the following statements is true about the

bandwidth of the filter?

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

Consider two concentric spherical metal shells of radii

. The outer shell has a

charge q and the inner shell is grounded. What is the charge on the inner shell?

(a)

r

1

r 2

A wire with uniform line charge density per unit length carries a current I as shown in the

figure. Take the permittivity and permeability of the medium to be

1. A particle of

charge q is at a distance r and is travelling along a trajectory parallel to the wire. What is the

speed of the charge?

current I charge density

r
r

(a)

I

(b) 2 I

(c) 3 I

(d)

4

I

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Q7.

Q8.

Q9.

Consider

What is the average energy per particle at temperature T 0 ?

a non-relativistic two-dimensional gas of

N electrons with the Fermi energy

(a)

3

5

E

F

(b)

2 E

5

F

(c)

1 E

2

F

(d)

E

F

E .

F

The circuit given below is fed by a sinusoidal voltage

VV

in

0

sin t . Assume that the cut-in

voltage of the diode is 0.7 volts and

the following statements is true about

V is a positive dc voltage smaller than

V . Which one of

1 0 V ? out R 1 V in V out V 1 R 1
1
0
V ?
out
R
1
V in
V out
V
1
R
1
R
2
R
2
is restricted to a maximum voltage of
0.7 
V
V out
1
R
R
1
2
R
2
is restricted to a maximum voltage of 0.7 
V
out
1
R
R
1
2
R
1
is restricted to a maximum voltage of 0.7 
V
out
1
R
R
1
2
R
1
is restricted to a maximum voltage of 0.7 
V
out
1
R
R
1
2
D
is pivoted at the topmost point on the

Negative part of V

Positive part of V

Negative part of V

(a) Positive part of

(b)

(c)

(d)

A hoop of diameter

D
D

circumference as shown in the figure. The acceleration due to gravity g is

acting downwards. What is the time period of small oscillations in the

plane of the hoop?

g

(a)

2

D 2 g
D
2
g

(b)

2

5 D 6 g
5
D
6
g

(c)

2

D 2 g
D
2
g

(d)

2

2 D g
2
D
g
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Q10.

For a spin 1 2 particle placed in a magnetic field B , the Hamiltonian is

H BS S ,

y

y

where

S

y

is the y -component of

 S , y y where S y is the y -component of   t

t 0

, where

S

z

 

the spin operator. The state of the system at time t 0 is

  2
2

.

At

a

later time t ,

if

S

z

measured then what is the

probability to get a value   ? 2 t  2 2 2 (a)
probability to get a value
  ?
2
t 
2
2
2
(a)
cos
t
(b)
sin
 t
(c) 0
(d)
sin
 
2
 
Q11.
In a fixed target elastic scattering experiment, a projectile of mass m , having initial velocity
v ,
0
and impact parameter b , approaches the scatterer. It experiences a central repulsive force
k
fr

k
0
. What is the distance of the closest approach d ?
2
r
1
1
k
2
k
2
2
2
(a)
d
b
(b)
d
b
2
2
mv
mv
0
0
k
(c)
d  b
(d)
d
2
mv
0
Q12. Consider a quantum particle in a one-dimensional box of length L . The coordinates of the
leftmost wall of the box is at x  0 and that of the rightmost wall is at x  L . The particle is in
the ground state at t  0 . At t  0 , we suddenly change the length of the box to 3 L by moving
the right wall. What is the probability that the particle is in the ground state of the new system
immediately after the change?
9
81
0.5 L
(a)
0.36
(b)
(c)
(d)
2
8
64

Q13.

Consider

a

function

 

f x

P xe

k

4

x

2 x

2

in

the

domain

x , , where

P

k

is

polynomial of degree k . What is the maximum possible number of extrema of the function?

(a) k 3

(b) k 3

(c) k 2

(d) k 1

any

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Q14.

The energy spectrum of a particle consists of four states with energies 0,, 2 ,3

.

Let

, 

Z TZT

B

F

and Z

C

T

denote the canonical partition functions for four non-interacting

particles at temperature T . The subscripts B , F and C corresponds to bosons, fermions and

Q15.

distinguishable

classical

particles,

respectively.

Let

y

exp

 

k T

B

.

Which

one

of

the

following statements is true about Z  , TZT and Z    T
following statements is true about
Z
 ,
TZT and Z
T ?
B
F
C
(a)
They are polynomials in y of degree 12,6 and 12 , respectively.
(b)
They are polynomials in y of degree 16,10 and16 , respectively
(c)
They are polynomials in y of degree 9,6 and 12, respectively.
(d)
They are polynomials in y of degree 12,10 and16 , respectively.
given as:
k
2
2
V xy
,
x y

k
x  y
2
The particle is also subject to an external electric field
E  ij ˆ ˆ
ˆ
and
1
energies of the first excited state and ground state, respectively. What is the value of
2
k
2
k
2
(a)
(b)
 
e
m
m
2
k
2
k
2
(c)
3
(d)
3 
 
e
m
m

Consider a quantum particle of mass m and a charge e moving in a two dimensional potential

, where is a constant

ˆ

i

be the

j corresponds to unit vectors along x and y directions, respectively. Let E and E

0

E

1

E ?

0

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PART C: 3-Mark Numerical Questions

Q1.

Q2.

Q3.

Q4.

Q5.

Q6.

1 . The chain hangs

vertically with one end attached to a horizontal axle, having a negligibly small radius compared

to its length. What is the work done (in N m ) to slowly wind up the chain on to the axle? The

A thin uniform steel chain is 10 m long with a linear mass density of 2 kg m

acceleration due to gravity is

g

9.81 ms

1

.

A one-dimensional harmonic oscillator is in the state  1    n n
A one-dimensional harmonic oscillator is in the state
1
 
n
n
!
n
0
1 
where
n
is the normalized energy eigenstate with eigenvalue
n
. Let the expectation
2   
value of the Hamiltonian in the state
be expressed as 1 2  . What is the value of  ?
The Euler polynomials are defined by
xs
n
2 e
 x
 E s

x
n
e
 1
n
!
n  0
What is the value of
E
 
2
 E
3
?
5
5
2
2
2
2
What is the angle (in degrees) between the surfaces
y
 z
 2 and
y
 x
 0
at
the point
1, 1,1
Consider a system of 15 non-interacting spin-polarized electrons. They are trapped in a two
dimensional isotropic harmonic oscillator potential
V
xy 
,
1 22
2
m
x  y
. The angular
2 
frequency  is such that   1 in some chosen unit. What is the ground state energy of the
system in the same units?
Consider the motion of a particle in two dimensions given by the Lagrangian

L

m

2

x

2

2

y

4

xy

2

where 0 . The initial conditions are given as y 0 0, x 0 42 meters, x 0 y 00

.

What is the value of x t yt at t 25 seconds in meters?

fiziks Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IIT ‐ JAM, M.Sc. Entrance, JEST, TIFR and GRE in

fiziks

Institute for NET/JRF, GATE, IITJAM, M.Sc. Entrance, JEST, TIFR and GRE in Physics

Q7.

Q8.

Q9.

Q10.

A diatomic ideal gas at room temperature, is expanded at a constant pressure

absorbed by the gas is Q 14 Joules, what is the maximum work in Joules that can be extracted

from the system?

P . If the heat

0

0

An optical line of wavelength 5000 A in the spectrum of light from a star is found to be red-

0

shifted by an amount of 2 A . Let v be the velocity at which the star is receding. Ignoring

relativistic effects, what is the value of c ? v In the Young’s double slit
relativistic effects, what is the value of c ?
v
In the Young’s double slit experiment (screen distance D  50 cm and d  0.1 cm ), a thin mica
sheet of refractive index n  1.5 is introduced in the path of one of the beams. If the central
fringe gets shifted by 0.2 , what is the thickness (in micrometer) of the mica sheet?
A circular metal loop of radius a  1 m spins with a constant angular velocity
  20 rad/s in a magnetic field B  3 Tesla, as shown in the figure. The
B
resistance of the loop is 10 Ohms. Let P be the power dissipated in one
a
P
complete cycle. What is the value of
in Watts?
3