Sei sulla pagina 1di 1
sem atl 10 >> S,%5.S,=‘When S,, 5, [Mam >2.14>>>muR5 £.20>>>mUTURS] ‘When % 6 clause is followed by a sentence (=S,) in the past tense, it means ‘when.’ The ~ ‘second sentence usually expresses an event or state you did not expect. a) 205 BERT ORS, HECRNELA, (Yesterday, when I went to the library, I saw my teacher.) b) HAORRAOzAeI eH tS, [Made in Japan| LBUTHOK. ( bought a present for my Japanese family, and I found that it was made in Japan (, and I was surprised] .) ‘This should be distinguished from the case of V #26 followed by, the present tense form, as in HANKS, HAMM S £9 12STL 2 5. This is the case of so-called "condi- tional” use of 7 5, and it means ‘if you go to Japan’ or ‘When you go to Japan.’ 11 > ETE~“Bl=‘can't possibly’ [eas > 21 >>> ecemanu] ‘This phrase expresses a very strong sense of impossibility. The verb is usually in potential form. . a) (SABC. ETERATNELA, (There is so much that I can’t possibly eat it all.) b) HORTRE TEREADRA EEA. (cant possibly buy a house in Tokyo.) 12 >> Vistem) $= ‘way of ~ing’ [sta > 222 >0>827] [v(stem of &F-form) +4] expresses ‘the way of doing something,’ a) Bea, obo bmaBar ( 8A5307, BLo. (Kanji are dificult because (even! one kan [often] has a number of readings ) b) BikLomeAehet (EL. (Please teach me how to hold chopsticks.) 13 ~SUU ~5 LW: expresses one’s conjectures. Itcan be attached to nouns (e.g:, HAAS Li), stems of %-adjectives (e.g, 3° 5 LW»), plain forms of io-adjectives (¢.g., 2" 5 Lv») and plain forms of verbs (e.g., fi < 5 L\>). It tends to be used when one’s conjecture is based on what one has heard, seems that; evidently’ [eevee > 0.22 >>> 5UU1] a