Sei sulla pagina 1di 5

Name: Class: Date:

Reviewer
1. The unit for density is a ____________________ unit.

2. The vector that represents the sum of the other two vectors is called the ____________________.

3. The magnitude of a displacement vector represents the ____________________.

4. A(n) ____________________ model is a simplified version of a motion diagram that represents the object in motion by
a series of single points.

5. In a coordinate system, the point at which both variables have a value of zero is called the ____________________.

6. The absolute value of the average velocity is the average ____________________.

7. The final time minus the initial time equals the ____________________.

8. If two vectors are at right angles to each other, the resultant can be found by using ____________________.

9. A force that puts an object in equilibrium is called the ____________________.

10. As an object rotates, the change in the angle is called the ____________________.

11. Bohr’s model of the atom only predicted the behavior for which element?

12. Bohr’s planetary model of the atom was based on the idea that ____________________ moved in fixed
____________________ around the nucleus.

13. When an atom transitions to a lower energy level it emits a/an____________________.

14. As an electron returns from an excited state back to the ground state it emits a ____________________.

15. When an atom makes a transition from a lower to a higher energy, the total energy becomes less
_____________________, but the overall energy change is _____________________.

16. In E = hf, the equation is used to solve for the ____________________ of a photon.

17. The equation E = nhf is used to solve for the ____________________ of ____________________.

18. The ____________________ of a particle is expressed in the following equation: p=h/λ.

Powered by Cognero Page 1


Name: Class: Date:

Reviewer

19. In the de Broglie wavelength equation, a moving particle’s wavelength is equal to ____________________ divided by
the particle’s momentum.

20. The SI unit for the activity of a radioactive substance is ____________________.

21. During the transmutation of atom into , a(n) ____________________ is emitted.

22. The most tightly bound nucleus is present in an atom with mass number ____________________.

23. Becquerel discovered radiation from uranium when ____________________ became exposed when near the element.

24. When particles are emitted from a radioactive substance it is said to ____________________.

25. The decay of radioactive material which leads to a more stable nucleus is called ____________________.

26. Fission occurs when a nucleus is divided into two or more fragments releasing ____________________ and
____________________.

27. The protons within the nucleus have a charge that is ____________________.

28. Protons, neutrons, and pions are made up of a family of particles called ____________________.

29. Electrons and neutrinos belong to a family called ____________________.

30. A division of a nucleus into two or more fragments is nuclear ____________________.

31. The difference between the sum of the masses of the individual nucleons and the mass of the assembled nucleons is
known as the mass ____________________.

32. The fundamental premise of the equation E = mc2 is that ____________________ is equivalent to mass.

33. The atomic number (Z) of an atom multiplied by the elementary charge (e) is the equation for
____________________.

34. The nuclear charge of an atom is found by multiplying the ____________________ by the elementary charge, e.
ANSWER: number of protons, or atomic number

Powered by Cognero Page 2


Name: Class: Date:

Reviewer
35. What is the SI unit for decays per second?

36. The time required for half of the atoms in a quantity of radioactive material to decay is called the
____________________.

37. In beta decay, a neutron must change to a ____________________ when an electron is emitted.

38. In a(n) ____________________ transformer, the secondary voltage is larger than the primary voltage.

39. A(n) ____________________ converts mechanical energy to electrical energy.

40. If the power in the secondary and primary circuits of a transformer is the same, its efficiency is said to be
____________________ %.

41. The number of magnetic field lines passing through a surface is called ____________________.

42. The strength of the magnetic field of a current carrying wire varies ____________________with the distance from the
wire.

43. The strength of an electric field around a charged object is equal to the force on a positive test charge divided by the
____________________ of the test charge.

44. The electric potential difference is defined as the work done to move a(n) ____________________ test charge
between two points in an electric field divided by the ____________________ of the test charge.

45. The unit of electric potential difference is the ____________________.

46. One farad is equal to one coulomb per ____________________.

47. Electric field strength is directly proportional to ____________________ and inversely proportional to charge.

48. An atom with extra electrons has a ____________________ charge.

49. An atom with missing electrons has a ____________________ charge.

50. When hard glass and wool are rubbed they become ____________________ charged.

51. If 10 electrons are removed from an initially neutral pith ball, the charge on the pith ball is ____________________
C.
Powered by Cognero Page 3
Name: Class: Date:

Reviewer

52. When two waves are ____________________ out of phase, they undergo destructive interference.

53. The index of refraction of a medium is ___ to the speed of light in a vacuum divided by the speed of light in that
medium.

54. In ____________________ reflection, the reflected light rays are not parallel to one another.

55. A flat, smooth mirror is referred to as a ____________________ mirror.

56. A ____________________ source is one that emits light.

57. ____________________ is the bending of light around a barrier.

58. Materials that do not transmit light are called ____________________.

59. Sound travels ____________________ in a liquid than in a gas.

60. The shift in frequency of a wave that occurs when the wave source is traveling is called the ____________________.

61. The harmonics of a string or an open-pipe resonator occur in ____________________ multiples of the fundamental.

62. The harmonics of a closed-pipe resonator occur at ____________________ multiples of the fundamental.

63. There is an air pressure node at one end and an air pressure antinode at the other end of a ____________________
resonator.

64. The lowest frequency that is resonant is called the ____________________.

65. Transverse waves vibrate ____________________ to the direction the wave propagates.

66. Longitudinal waves vibrate ____________________ to the direction the wave propagates.

67. Points on a wave that are an integer number of wavelengths apart from one another are said to be
____________________.

68. A wave carrying a larger amount of energy will have a greater ____________________.

69. The ____________________ states that two or more waves that overlap combine by summing their displacements
Powered by Cognero Page 4
Name: Class: Date:

Reviewer
algebraically.

70. The ideal gas law is expressed as ____________________..

71. According to Charles’s law, the volume of a gas varies ____________________ with its temperature measured in
Kelvin.

72. A gas that has been heated until the atoms become positively charged ions is referred to as ____________________.

73. The study of heat transformations into other forms of energy is called____________________.

74. The amount of energy required to melt a solid depends on its mass and its ____________________.

75. The amount of energy required to vaporize a liquid depends on its mass and its____________________.

76. The ratio of useful work produced compared to the amount of input energy is referred to as____________________.

77. The total amount of thermal energy is constant in a ____________________.

Powered by Cognero Page 5