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1. The unit for density is a ____________________ unit.

2. The vector that represents the sum of the other two vectors is called the ____________________.

3. The magnitude of a displacement vector represents the ____________________.

4. A(n) ____________________ model is a simplified version of a motion diagram that represents the object in motion by
a series of single points.

5. In a coordinate system, the point at which both variables have a value of zero is called the ____________________.

6. The absolute value of the average velocity is the average ____________________.

7. The final time minus the initial time equals the ____________________.

8. If two vectors are at right angles to each other, the resultant can be found by using ____________________.

9. A force that puts an object in equilibrium is called the ____________________.

10. As an object rotates, the change in the angle is called the ____________________.

11. Bohr’s model of the atom only predicted the behavior for which element?

12. Bohr’s planetary model of the atom was based on the idea that ____________________ moved in fixed
____________________ around the nucleus.

13. When an atom transitions to a lower energy level it emits a/an____________________.

14. As an electron returns from an excited state back to the ground state it emits a ____________________.

15. When an atom makes a transition from a lower to a higher energy, the total energy becomes less
_____________________, but the overall energy change is _____________________.

16. In E = hf, the equation is used to solve for the ____________________ of a photon.

17. The equation E = nhf is used to solve for the ____________________ of ____________________.

18. The ____________________ of a particle is expressed in the following equation: p=h/λ.

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19. In the de Broglie wavelength equation, a moving particle’s wavelength is equal to ____________________ divided by
the particle’s momentum.

20. The SI unit for the activity of a radioactive substance is ____________________.

21. During the transmutation of atom into , a(n) ____________________ is emitted.

22. The most tightly bound nucleus is present in an atom with mass number ____________________.

23. Becquerel discovered radiation from uranium when ____________________ became exposed when near the element.

24. When particles are emitted from a radioactive substance it is said to ____________________.

25. The decay of radioactive material which leads to a more stable nucleus is called ____________________.

26. Fission occurs when a nucleus is divided into two or more fragments releasing ____________________ and

27. The protons within the nucleus have a charge that is ____________________.

28. Protons, neutrons, and pions are made up of a family of particles called ____________________.

29. Electrons and neutrinos belong to a family called ____________________.

30. A division of a nucleus into two or more fragments is nuclear ____________________.

31. The difference between the sum of the masses of the individual nucleons and the mass of the assembled nucleons is
known as the mass ____________________.

32. The fundamental premise of the equation E = mc2 is that ____________________ is equivalent to mass.

33. The atomic number (Z) of an atom multiplied by the elementary charge (e) is the equation for

34. The nuclear charge of an atom is found by multiplying the ____________________ by the elementary charge, e.
ANSWER: number of protons, or atomic number

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35. What is the SI unit for decays per second?

36. The time required for half of the atoms in a quantity of radioactive material to decay is called the

37. In beta decay, a neutron must change to a ____________________ when an electron is emitted.

38. In a(n) ____________________ transformer, the secondary voltage is larger than the primary voltage.

39. A(n) ____________________ converts mechanical energy to electrical energy.

40. If the power in the secondary and primary circuits of a transformer is the same, its efficiency is said to be
____________________ %.

41. The number of magnetic field lines passing through a surface is called ____________________.

42. The strength of the magnetic field of a current carrying wire varies ____________________with the distance from the

43. The strength of an electric field around a charged object is equal to the force on a positive test charge divided by the
____________________ of the test charge.

44. The electric potential difference is defined as the work done to move a(n) ____________________ test charge
between two points in an electric field divided by the ____________________ of the test charge.

45. The unit of electric potential difference is the ____________________.

46. One farad is equal to one coulomb per ____________________.

47. Electric field strength is directly proportional to ____________________ and inversely proportional to charge.

48. An atom with extra electrons has a ____________________ charge.

49. An atom with missing electrons has a ____________________ charge.

50. When hard glass and wool are rubbed they become ____________________ charged.

51. If 10 electrons are removed from an initially neutral pith ball, the charge on the pith ball is ____________________
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52. When two waves are ____________________ out of phase, they undergo destructive interference.

53. The index of refraction of a medium is ___ to the speed of light in a vacuum divided by the speed of light in that

54. In ____________________ reflection, the reflected light rays are not parallel to one another.

55. A flat, smooth mirror is referred to as a ____________________ mirror.

56. A ____________________ source is one that emits light.

57. ____________________ is the bending of light around a barrier.

58. Materials that do not transmit light are called ____________________.

59. Sound travels ____________________ in a liquid than in a gas.

60. The shift in frequency of a wave that occurs when the wave source is traveling is called the ____________________.

61. The harmonics of a string or an open-pipe resonator occur in ____________________ multiples of the fundamental.

62. The harmonics of a closed-pipe resonator occur at ____________________ multiples of the fundamental.

63. There is an air pressure node at one end and an air pressure antinode at the other end of a ____________________

64. The lowest frequency that is resonant is called the ____________________.

65. Transverse waves vibrate ____________________ to the direction the wave propagates.

66. Longitudinal waves vibrate ____________________ to the direction the wave propagates.

67. Points on a wave that are an integer number of wavelengths apart from one another are said to be

68. A wave carrying a larger amount of energy will have a greater ____________________.

69. The ____________________ states that two or more waves that overlap combine by summing their displacements
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70. The ideal gas law is expressed as ____________________..

71. According to Charles’s law, the volume of a gas varies ____________________ with its temperature measured in

72. A gas that has been heated until the atoms become positively charged ions is referred to as ____________________.

73. The study of heat transformations into other forms of energy is called____________________.

74. The amount of energy required to melt a solid depends on its mass and its ____________________.

75. The amount of energy required to vaporize a liquid depends on its mass and its____________________.

76. The ratio of useful work produced compared to the amount of input energy is referred to as____________________.

77. The total amount of thermal energy is constant in a ____________________.

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