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National Service Training Program

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The National Service Training Program (NSTP), is a civic education and defense preparedness
program students instituted by the Government of the Philippines on 5 January 2000 by virtue
of Republic Act 9163, otherwise known as the "National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of
2001."

Contents

 1Coverage
 2Precedents
o 2.1Commonwealth Act No. 1
o 2.2Presidential Decree No. 1706
o 2.3Republic Act 7077
 3Statistics
 4See also
 5References

Coverage[edit]
Under the NSTP Program, both male and female college students of any baccalaureate
degree course or technical vocational course in public or private educational institutions are obliged
to undergo one of three program components for an academic period of two semesters. The
students, however, are free to choose which particular program component to take. The three NSTP
Program components are:[1]

 Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS)


This program component is designed to provide students with activities contributory to the
general welfare and betterment of life of the members of the community especially those
developed to improve social welfare services.

 Literacy Training Service (LTS)


This program component is designed to train students in
teaching literacy and numeracy skills to schoolchildren and out-of-school youths. The hope is
to continue learning on a peer - to - peer interaction.

 Reserve Officers' Training Corps (ROTC)


This program component is designed to provide military education and training for students
to mobilize them for national defense preparedness. This is also a glimpse for young people
to see how military life is and encourage them into service.
Graduates of the ROTC program component are organized into the Citizen Armed
Force, while graduates of the LTS and CWTS program components are organized into
the National Service Reserve Corps (NSRC) administered by the Department of
National Defense, the Commission on Higher Education and Technical Education and
Skills Development Authority.
Precedents[edit]

President Manuel Quezon controlled the National Assembly which enacted the National
Defense Act of 1935

President Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree No. 1706 in 1980

There have been several legal precedents to the National Service Training Program
(NSTP) Act of 2001. These include:
Commonwealth Act No. 1[edit]
Main article: National Defense Act of 1935
Commonwealth Act No. 1, otherwise known as the "National Defense Act", was enacted
by the National Assembly of the Philippines on 21 December 1935. It provided for
obligatory military service for all male citizens of ages between 18 and 30.[2]
Presidential Decree No. 1706[edit]
Presidential Decree No. 1706, otherwise known as the "National Service Law", was
signed by President Ferdinand Marcos on 8 August 1980. It made national service
obligatory for all Filipino citizens and specified three categories of national service: civic
welfare service, law enforcement service and military service.[3]
Republic Act 7077[edit]
Republic Act 7077, otherwise known as the "Citizen Armed Forces of the Philippines
Reservist Act", was enacted by the 8th Congress of the Philippineson 27 June 1991.
The Reservist Act provided for organization, training and utilization of reservists,
referred to in the Act as "Citizen Soldiers". The primary pool of manpower for the
reservist organization are graduates of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps basic and
advance courses.