Sei sulla pagina 1di 10

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

1.1 Understanding chemistry and its importance

keeping w.

Explain the meaning of chemistry

List some common chemicals used in daily life,

State the uses of common chemicals in daily life,

List examples of occupations that require the knowledge of chemistry

List chemical-based industries In Malaysia,

Describe the contribution of chemical-based industries in Malaysia

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Meaning of chemistry What is chemistry ?

the study of the composition, structure, properties and interactions of matter.

2. Common chemicals and their uses in daily life

of matter . 2. Common chemicals and their uses in daily life 3. Occupations that require

3. Occupations that require the knowledge of chemistry What career related with chemistry ? Biochemist /Chemical engineer /Cosmetic scientist /Doctor /Food technology /Pharmacist / laboratory assistant

4. Chemical-based industries In Malaysia and their contribution

5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

1

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

1.2 Synthesising scientific method

keeping w.

Identify variables in a given situation.

Identify the relationship between two variables to form a hypothesis

Design and carry out a simple experiment to test the hypothesis, record and present data in a suitable form

Interpret data to draw a conclusion

Write a report of investigation

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Scientific Method - a systematic method used to solve problems in science

Observation inference (smart guess) identify problem making hypothesis identify & control variables carry out experiment collect data interprets data lab report

Laboratory experiment report

1. Problem statement : question form [why/which/What/How/Is ?]

Examples:

No

Pattern

A)

Is alloy harder than pure metal?

B)

Does higher temperature results a higher rate of reaction?

C)

How the presence of other metal affects the rusting rate of an iron nail?

2. Hypothesis: make a general statement

Examples:

No

 

Pattern

Example

A)

A is ……

than B

Alloy is harder than pure metal

B)

The A ………, the B ………

The higher the temperature, the higher the rate of reaction.

C)

When A ………., it will ……. When B ………., it will …….

When the iron nail coiled with a metal which is more electropositive, it will not rust. When the iron nail coiled with a metal which is less electropositive, it will rust faster.

3. Variables:

Manipulated

Change in experiment

Responding

Result of the experiment

Constant

No changes during experiment

4. Apparatus : instrument used (can be reused)

5. Materials : chemical used (mass /concentration / volume stated)(discard after used)

Examples:

A) solution :

200cm 3 of 0.1mol dm -3 sulphuric acid

B) 2g of zinc powder

C) 2cm 3 bromine water / 20cm 3 distilled water

solid

liquid

:

:

6. Procedures : passive sentences

2

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

7. Results :

keeping w.

Quantitative [tabulate data in table form (correct unit and decimal place)]

MV / unit

RV

/ unit

Qualitative

[describe observation in sentence]

8. Interpreting data: inference / explanations / chemistry equation / calculation/ graph

9. Conclusion : hypothesis accepted / rejected

1.3 Incorporate scientific attitudes and values in conducting scientific investigations

Identify scientific attitudes and values practiced by scientists in carrying out investigations,

Practice scientific attitudes and values in conducting scientific investigations

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3

3

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY Enrichment Exercises

keeping w.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY Enrichment Exercises keeping w. 4
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY Enrichment Exercises keeping w. 4

4

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

keeping w.

5
5

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

keeping w.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY keeping w. 6

6

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

keeping w.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY keeping w. 7
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY keeping w. 7

7

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

keeping w.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY keeping w. 8

8

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

keeping w.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY keeping w. 9

9

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY

keeping w.

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY keeping w. 10

10